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Yuan Feng, Yuan-Yuan Wang, Wei Huang, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Gang Wang, Zhen Yuan, Yu-Tao Xiang
AIM: Bipolar disorder (BD) is frequently misdiagnosed as major depression and hence reliable and culturally appropriate screening tools are needed. This study compared the 32-item Hypomania Checklist (HCL-32), the 33-item Hypomania Checklist (HCL-33), and the Mood Disorders Questionnaire (MDQ) for BD. METHODS: Altogether, 350 depressed patients were included. The HCL-32, the HCL-33 and the MDQ were completed by patients to identify manic and/or hypomanic symptoms...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
A E Bobrov, E G Starostina, M M Aleksandrova
AIM: To study mental disorders in acromegaly due to somatotropinoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 115 consecutively recruited patients with acromegaly (95 female and 20 male, aged from 21 to 78 years). Acromegaly was diagnosed by endocrinologists according to current guidelines based on clinical, laboratory data and brain MRI. All patients underwent a clinical psychiatric interview based on ICD-10 criteria. The Mini-Mental State Examination scale and Hypomania-Checklist (HCL-32) were used...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Haichen Yang, Linling Li, Hongjun Peng, Tiebang Liu, Allan H Young, Jules Angst, Rong Ye, Han Rong, Erni Ji, Yunhai Qiu, Lingjiang Li
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is difficult to diagnose in the early stages of the illness, with the most frequent misdiagnosis being major depressive disorder (MDD). We aimed to use a regional homogeneity (ReHo) approach with resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) to investigate the features of spontaneous brain activity in MDD patients screening positive on the 32-item Hypomania Checklist (HCL-32). METHODS: Nineteen MDD patients screening positive (HCL-32(+); 9 males; 24...
October 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Kounseok Lee, Hyeji Oh, Eun-Ho Lee, Joo Hyun Kim, Ji-Hae Kim, Kyung Sue Hong
BACKGROUND: The hypomania checklist-32 (HCL-32) is a widely used questionnaire developed for identifying hypomanic components in patients with a depressive episode. Measuring and screening previous hypomanic symptoms in individuals without any definite history of depressive episode would also be needed for early detection of bipolar disorders (BDs). This study aimed at testing the clinical utility of the HCL-32 for screening of BDs in the non-clinical population. METHODS: Lifetime history of hypomanic symptoms was evaluated by using the HCL-32 in 220 patients with BDs and 313 non-clinical individuals...
May 4, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
Jana J Anderson, Sean Hoath, Stanley Zammit, Thomas D Meyer, Jill P Pell, Daniel Mackay, Daniel J Smith
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested a possible link between exposure to influenza in utero and bipolar disorder in adulthood. Using data from a prospective birth cohort, we aimed to test for an association between exposure to gestational influenza and the experience of hypomania assessed in early adulthood. METHODS: We used data on 2957 participants from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). The two main outcomes of interest were hypomania, assessed using the Hypomania Checklist (HCL-32) at age 22-23, and 'hypomania plus previous psychotic experiences (PE)'...
August 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
A Nisha, V Sathesh, Varghese P Punnoose, P Joseph Varghese
BACKGROUND: Several studies have revealed significant differences between bipolar (BP) and unipolar depression (UP). Misdiagnosing BP depression results in suboptimal symptom resolution, induction of manic switch, mixed state, or accelerated cycling. This study compares various psycho-socio-demographic, longitudinal course, and phenomenological factors associated with BP and UP depression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared 30 UP and 30 BP depression patients using a specially designed intake proforma, International Classification of Diseases-10 diagnostic criteria for research, Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression-21 (HAMD-21), Hypomania Checklist-32 Questionnaire (HCL-32), Brief psychiatric rating scale (BPRS), and Kuppuswami's socioeconomic status scale...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Li-Min Xin, Lin Chen, Zhen-Peng Ji, Suo-Yuan Zhang, Jun Wang, Yan-Hong Liu, Da-Fang Chen, Fu-De Yang, Gang Wang, Yi-Ru Fang, Zheng Lu, Hai-Chen Yang, Jian Hu, Zhi-Yu Chen, Yi Huang, Jing Sun, Xiao-Ping Wang, Hui-Chun Li, Jin-Bei Zhang, Tian-Mei Si
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the sociodemographic and clinical factors related to anxiety in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: This study involved a secondary analysis of data obtained from the Diagnostic Assessment Service for People with Bipolar Disorders in China (DASP), which was initiated by the Chinese Society of Psychiatry (CSP) and conducted from September 1, 2010 to February 28, 2011. Based on the presence or absence of anxiety-related characteristics, 1,178 MDD patients were classified as suffering from anxious depression (n=915) or non-anxious depression (n=263), respectively...
December 31, 2015: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Enyan Yu, Huihui Li, Hongying Fan, Qianqian Gao, Yunfei Tan, Junyao Lou, Jie Zhang, Wei Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether personality traits are related to emotional symptoms (mania, hypomania, and depression) in Chinese patients with bipolar disorders. METHODS: Patients with bipolar I and II disorders, and healthy volunteers, were assessed using the Chinese Adjective Descriptors of Personality (CADP) questionnaire, Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ), Hypomanic Checklist (HCL-32), and Plutchik-van Praag Depression Inventory (PVP). RESULTS: Seventy-three patients with bipolar I disorder, 35 with bipolar II disorder and 216 healthy controls were included...
December 2015: Journal of International Medical Research
Nour Sh El-Gendy, Hekmat R Madian, Hussein N Nassar, Salem S Abu Amr
BACKGROUND: Worldwide nowadays, relying on the second generation bioethanol from the lignocellulosic feedstock is a mandatory aim. However, one of the major drawbacks for high ethanol yield is the physical and chemical pretreatment of this kind of feedstock. As the pretreatment is a crucial process operation that modifies the lignocellulosic structure and enhances its accessibility for the high cost hydrolytic enzymes in an attempt to maximize the yield of the fermentable sugars. The objective of this work was to optimize and integrate a physicochemical pretreatment of one of the major agricultural wastes in Egypt; the sugar beet pulp (SBP) and the enzymatic saccharification of the pretreated SBP using a whole fungal cells with a separate bioethanol fermentation batch processes to maximize the bioethanol yield...
September 15, 2015: Recent Patents on Biotechnology
Masego Dibetsoe, Lukman O Olasunkanmi, Omolola E Fayemi, Sasikumar Yesudass, Baskar Ramaganthan, Indra Bahadur, Abolanle S Adekunle, Mwadham M Kabanda, Eno E Ebenso
The effects of seven macrocyclic compounds comprising four phthalocyanines (Pcs) namely 1,4,8,11,15,18,22,25-octabutoxy-29H,31H-phthalocyanine (Pc1), 2,3,9,10,16,17,23,24-octakis(octyloxy)-29H,31H-phthalocyanine (Pc2), 2,9,16,23-tetra-tert-butyl-29H,31H-phthalocyanine (Pc3) and 29H,31H-phthalocyanine (Pc4), and three naphthalocyanines namely 5,9,14,18,23,27,32,36-octabutoxy-2,3-naphthalocyanine (nPc1), 2,11,20,29-tetra-tert-butyl-2,3-naphthalocyanine (nPc2) and 2,3-naphthalocyanine (nP3) were investigated on the corrosion of aluminium (Al) in 1 M HCl using a gravimetric method, potentiodynamic polarization technique, quantum chemical calculations and quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR)...
2015: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Parameswaran Hari, Omar S Aljitawi, Carlos Arce-Lara, Rajneesh Nath, Natalie Callander, Gajanan Bhat, Lee F Allen, Keith Stockerl-Goldstein
Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) after high-dose melphalan conditioning is considered a standard of care procedure for patients with multiple myeloma (MM). Current formulations of melphalan (eg, Alkeran for Injection [melphalan hydrochloride]; GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA) have marginal solubility and limited chemical stability upon reconstitution. Alkeran requires the use of propylene glycol as a co-solvent, which itself has been reported to cause such complications as metabolic/renal dysfunction and arrhythmias...
December 2015: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Hassan M Badawi, Wolfgang Förner, Shaikh A Ali
The structure, vibrational and NMR spectra of the local anesthetic drug lidocaine hydrochloride monohydrate salt were investigated by B3LYP/6-311G(∗∗) calculations. The lidocaine·HCl·H2O salt is predicted to have the gauche structure as the predominant form at ambient temperature with NCCN and CNCC torsional angles of 110° and -123° as compared to 10° and -64°, respectively in the base lidocaine. The repulsive interaction between the two N-H bonds destabilized the gauche structure of lidocaine·HCl·H2O salt...
January 5, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
M J Iatropoulos, J-D Duan, G Schmuck, G M Williams
Propoxur (PPX) is a carbamate insecticide which induced urinary bladder cancer in Wistar rats when fed at 5000ppm in Altromin 1321 diet (1321). In the present investigation, PPX was studied for induction of several key events related to modes of action (MOA) of carcinogenicity in urinary bladders (UBs). Wistar rats were administered the compound for 28 days at 8000ppm in Provini Liba SA 3883 diet, which is similar to the 1321 diet. o-Anisidine HCl (AH) was used as a genotoxic UB carcinogenic comparator, and trisodium nitrilotriacetate (NTA) as an epigenetic UB carcinogen comparator...
September 2015: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
Luís M P Lima, Maryline Beyler, Rita Delgado, Carlos Platas-Iglesias, Raphaël Tripier
The complexation properties toward Pb(2+) and Bi(3+) of the macrocyclic ligands 6,6'-((1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,7-diyl)bis(methylene))dipicolinic acid (H2do2pa) and 6,6'-((4,10-dimethyl-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,7-diyl)bis(methylene))dipicolinic acid (H2Me-do2pa) have been investigated. A new three-step synthesis of H2do2pa following the bisaminal methodology has also been developed. The X-ray structures of [Pb(Me-do2pa)]·6H2O and [Bi(Me-do2pa)](NO3)·H2O show that the two metal ions are eight-coordinated by the ligand...
July 20, 2015: Inorganic Chemistry
Haci Bayram Tosun, Seyitali Gumustas, Ismail Agir, Abuzer Uludag, Sancar Serbest, Demet Pepele, Kadir Ertem
BACKGROUND: Hyaluronic acid and glycosaminoglycans have shown positive effects in improving lateral epicondylitis and other tendinosis conditions. Therefore, we designed a prospective, randomized study to compare the effects of a combined sodium hyaluronate and chondroitin sulfate (HA + CS) injection versus a triamcinolone injection in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis. METHODS: In total, 57 consecutive patients with clinically diagnosed lateral epicondylitis were divided randomly into two groups...
September 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Stephanie L Willard, Beth Uberseder, Ashlee Clark, James B Daunais, Warwick D Johnston, David Neely, Adreanna Massey, Jeff D Williamson, Robert A Kraft, J Daniel Bourland, Sara R Jones, Carol A Shively
BACKGROUND: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are widely prescribed for mood and other disorders. However, their neural effects are difficult to study due to patient compliance and drug history variability, and rarely studied in those prescribed SSRIs for non-mood disorders. Here we evaluated SSRI effects on neural volumetrics in depressed and nondepressed monkeys. METHODS: 42 socially-housed cynomolgus monkeys were randomized to treatment balanced on pretreatment depressive behavior and body weight...
December 2015: Neuropharmacology
Edita Viliušytė, Raminta Macaitytė, Antanas Vaitkus, Daiva Rastenytė
We hypothesize that peripheral vertigo is associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Two mechanisms could be considered – gastric acids may directly irritate the respiratory mucosa and cause inflammation, or Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) could be present and cause local infection. Reflux material (Hydrochloric acid (HCl) and pepsin) could get into the middle ear via Eustachian tube and affect osseous structures directly. Disturbance of ossicles could cause tinnitus, which is more common for peripheral vertigo...
September 2015: Medical Hypotheses
Mohammed Al-Hamadani, Thomas M Habermann, James R Cerhan, William R Macon, Matthew J Maurer, Ronald S Go
The World Health Organization classification of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) was introduced in 2001. However, its incorporation into clinical practice is not well-described. We studied the distribution of NHL subtypes in adults diagnosed from 1998 to 2011, evaluated time trends, geo-demographic correlates, and changes in 5-year overall survival (OS). We obtained data prospectively collected by the National Cancer Data Base, which covers 70% of US cancer cases. There were 596,476 patients diagnosed with NHL. The major subtypes were diffuse large B-cell (32...
September 2015: American Journal of Hematology
Hana N Abduljabbar, Shaimaa M Badr-Eldin, Hibah M Aldawsari
Ranitidine HCl is an H2-antagonist that suffers from low oral bioavailability of 50%. The site-specific absorption from the upper part of the small intestine and the colonic metabolism of the drug could partially contribute to its reduced bioavailability. To surmount these drawbacks, this work aimed at the formulation of Ranitidine HCl gastroretentive floating-biaodhesive tablets. A 3(2) factorial design was applied to assess the effects of matrix former (HPMC K100M): drug ratio, and the release retardant (Carbopol 971) amount on the characteristics of the tablets prepared using direct compression technique...
2015: Current Drug Delivery
Praveen Chandra Verma, Harpal Singh, Arvind Singh Negi, Gauri Saxena, Laiq-Ur Rahman, Suchitra Banerjee
Fast-growing hairy root cultures of Picrorhiza kurroa induced by Agrobacterium rhizogenes offers a potential production system for iridoid glycosides. In present study we have investigated the effects of various nutrient medium formulations viz B5, MS, WP and NN, and sucrose concentrations (1-8%) on the biomass and glycoside production of selected clone (14-P) of P. kurroa hairy root. Full strength B5 medium was found to be most suitable for maximum biomass yield on the 40th day of culture (GI = 32.72 ± 0...
2015: Plant Signaling & Behavior
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