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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316656/analysis-of-drug-endogenous-human-metabolite-similarities-in-terms-of-their-maximum-common-substructures
#1
Steve O'Hagan, Douglas B Kell
In previous work, we have assessed the structural similarities between marketed drugs ('drugs') and endogenous natural human metabolites ('metabolites' or 'endogenites'), using 'fingerprint' methods in common use, and the Tanimoto and Tversky similarity metrics, finding that the fingerprint encoding used had a dramatic effect on the apparent similarities observed. By contrast, the maximal common substructure (MCS), when the means of determining it is fixed, is a means of determining similarities that is largely independent of the fingerprints, and also has a clear chemical meaning...
2017: Journal of Cheminformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301670/mns-duffy-and-kell-blood-groups-among-the-uygur-population-of-xinjiang-china
#2
G Y Lin, X L Du, J J Shan, Y N Zhang, Y Q Zhang, Q H Wang
Human blood groups are a significant resource for patients, leading to a fierce international competition in the screening of rare blood groups. Some rare blood group screening programs have been implemented in western countries and Japan, but not particularly in China. Recently, the genetic background of ABO and Rh blood groups for different ethnic groups or regions in China has been focused on increasingly. However, rare blood groups such as MN, Duffy, Kidd, MNS, and Diego are largely unexplored. No systematic reports exist concerning the polymorphisms and allele frequencies of rare blood groups in China's ethnic minorities such as Uygur and Kazak populations of Xinjiang, unlike those on the Han population...
March 15, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293401/alloimmunization-in-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease-and-thalassemia-experience-of-a-single-centre-in-oman
#3
Salam Alkindi, Saba AlMahrooqi, Sumaiya AlHinai, Ali AlMarhoobi, Saif Al-Hosni, Shahina Daar, Naglaa Fawaz, Anil Pathare
BACKGROUND: Blood transfusion is an integral part of the supportive care for patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) and thalassaemia. The hazard of red cell alloimmunization, however, is one of the main complications of this therapy. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of red cell alloimmunization in Omani patients with sickle cell anaemia and thalassemia. METHODS: This study included 262 patients whose historical transfusion records were available...
2017: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292619/obesity-and-female-infertility-potential-mediators-of-obesity-s-impact
#4
REVIEW
Darcy E Broughton, Kelle H Moley
The worldwide upward trend in obesity has been dramatic, now affecting more than 20% of American women of reproductive age. Obesity is associated with many adverse maternal and fetal effects prenatally, but it also exerts a negative influence on female fertility. Obese women are more likely to have ovulatory dysfunction due to dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis. Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome who are also obese demonstrate a more severe metabolic and reproductive phenotype. Obese women have reduced fecundity even when eumenorrheic and demonstrate poorer outcomes with the use of in vitro fertilization...
March 11, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285067/incorporation-of-a-community-pharmacy-based-heart-failure-assessment-tool-by-advanced-pharmacy-practice-experience-students
#5
Sarah E Kelling, Paul C Walker, James G Mason, Nadir Zara, Barry E Bleske
OBJECTIVES: To incorporate a published clinical tool related to heart failure (HF) assessment into advanced pharmacy practice experiences in the community pharmacy setting to provide a meaningful and innovative learning experience for students. SETTING: Sixteen independent and chain community pharmacies that served as advanced pharmacy practice experience locations. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Sixteen community pharmacy locations served as rotation sites and participated in data collection (8 chain and 8 independent)...
March 8, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275334/clinical-significance-of-an-alloantibody-against-the-kell-blood-group-glycoprotein
#6
Stella Maris Mattaloni, Carine Arnoni, Rosario Céspedes, Claudia Nonaka, Carolina Trucco Boggione, Melina Eliana Luján Brajovich, Andrea Trejo, Néstor Zani, Claudia Silvia Biondi, Lilian Castilho, Carlos Miquel Cotorruelo
BACKGROUND: Kell null (K0) individuals can produce anti-Ku, an antibody against many epitopes in the Kell glycoprotein, after transfusion and/or pregnancy. Since sensitized K0 patients are rare, little is known about anti-Ku clinical relevance and in particular about its association to hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn. CASE REPORT: This work describes a case of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia due to immune-mediated erythrocyte destruction by an alloantibody directed against the Kell glycoprotein...
January 2017: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263130/improving-prostate-cancer-care-collaboratively-a-multidisciplinary-formal-consensus-based-approach
#7
Andrew Loblaw, Jack Barkin, Roger Buckley, Hans Chung, John Kell, Rajiv Singal, Jeff Spodek, Danny Vesprini, Stanley Flax
INTRODUCTION: There are numerous standard treatment options for men diagnosed with localized prostate cancer. Multidisciplinary consultation before decision-making is a consensus- and quality-based objective in Ontario. With the goals of working together more collaboratively and to provide higher quality information for patients at the time of decision-making, a prostate cancer community partnership consensus (PCPC) panel was formed among six partnering centers in the Greater Toronto Area...
February 2017: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250099/computing-exponentially-faster-implementing-a-non-deterministic-universal-turing-machine-using-dna
#8
Andrew Currin, Konstantin Korovin, Maria Ababi, Katherine Roper, Douglas B Kell, Philip J Day, Ross D King
The theory of computer science is based around universal Turing machines (UTMs): abstract machines able to execute all possible algorithms. Modern digital computers are physical embodiments of classical UTMs. For the most important class of problem in computer science, non-deterministic polynomial complete problems, non-deterministic UTMs (NUTMs) are theoretically exponentially faster than both classical UTMs and quantum mechanical UTMs (QUTMs). However, no attempt has previously been made to build an NUTM, and their construction has been regarded as impossible...
March 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242264/association-between-phantom-limb-complex-and-the-level-of-amputation-in-lower-limb-amputee
#9
Bayram Kelle, Erkan Kozanoğlu, Ömer Sunkar Biçer, İsmet Tan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the natural course of phantom limb complex without any treatment after lower limb amputation. METHODS: The study design was consisted of a combination of retrospective review and cross-sectional interview. 101 patients with lower limb amputation were included into the study. Patients were divided into three groups according to the amputation level: i) from hip disarticulation to knee disarticulation (including knee disarticulation) (25 patients, mean age: 55...
February 24, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216127/speaking-related-changes-in-cortical-functional-connectivity-associated-with-assisted-and-spontaneous-recovery-from-developmental-stuttering
#10
Christian A Kell, Katrin Neumann, Marion Behrens, Alexander W von Gudenberg, Anne-Lise Giraud
We previously reported speaking-related activity changes associated with assisted recovery induced by a fluency shaping therapy program and unassisted recovery from developmental stuttering (Kell et al., Brain 2009). While assisted recovery re-lateralized activity to the left hemisphere, unassisted recovery was specifically associated with the activation of the left BA 47/12 in the lateral orbitofrontal cortex. These findings suggested plastic changes in speaking-related functional connectivity between left hemispheric speech network nodes...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166712/experimental-acute-infection-of-alpacas-with-bovine-viral-diarrhea-virus-1-subgenotype-b-alters-peripheral-blood-and-galt-leukocyte-subsets
#11
Christina L Topliff, Abdulrahman A Alkheraif, Charles A Kuszynski, William C Davis, David J Steffen, Jack A Schmitz, Kent M Eskridge, Bryan Charleston, Jamie N Henningson, Clayton L Kelling
Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is a pathogen in cattle and alpacas ( Vicugna pacos), causing acute and persistent BVDV infections. We characterized the effect of acute BVDV infection on the immune system of alpacas by determining lymphocyte subpopulations in peripheral blood and gut-associated lymphoid tissues (GALT) as well as serum interferon levels. Alpacas were experimentally infected with BVDV-1b (strain CO-06). Peripheral blood leukocytes were isolated at 0, 3, 6, and 9 d postinfection (dpi), and leukocytes of GALT at 9 dpi, and evaluated using flow cytometry...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159727/a-p-coumaroyl-esterase-from-rhizoctonia-solani-with-a-pronounced-chlorogenic-acid-esterase-activity
#12
Annabel Nieter, Sebastian Kelle, Diana Linke, Ralf G Berger
Extracellular esterase activity was detected in submerged cultures of Rhizoctonia solani grown in the presence of sugar beet pectin or Tween 80. Putative type B feruloyl esterase (FAE) coding sequences found in the genome data of the basidiomycete were heterologously expressed in Pichia pastoris. Recombinant enzyme production on the 5-L bioreactor scale (Rs pCAE: 3245UL(-1)) exceeded the productivity of the wild type strain by a factor of 800. Based on substrate specificity profiling, the purified recombinant Rs pCAE was classified as a p-coumaroyl esterase (pCAE) with a pronounced chlorogenic acid esterase side activity...
January 31, 2017: New Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143743/influence-of-diurnal-photosynthetic-activity-on-the-morphology-structure-and-thermal-properties-of-normal-and-waxy-barley-starch
#13
Avi Goldstein, George Annor, Varatharajan Vamadevan, Ian Tetlow, Jacob J K Kirkensgaard, Kell Mortensen, Andreas Blennow, Kim H Hebelstrup, Eric Bertoft
This study investigated the influence of diurnal photosynthetic activity on the morphology, molecular composition, crystallinity, and gelatinization properties of normal barley starch (NBS) and waxy barley starch (WBS) granules from plants cultivated in a greenhouse under normal diurnal (16h light) or constant light photosynthetic conditions. Growth rings were observed in all starch samples regardless of lighting conditions. The size distribution of whole and debranched WBS analyzed by gel-permeation chromatography did not appear to be influenced by the different lighting regimes, however, a greater relative crystallinity measured by wide-angle X-ray scattering and greater crystalline quality as judged by differential scanning calorimetry was observed under the diurnal lighting regime...
January 29, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131167/conversion-to-carbidopa-and-levodopa-extended-release-ipx066-followed-by-its-extended-use-in-patients-previously-taking-controlled-release-carbidopa-levodopa-for-advanced-parkinson-s-disease
#14
James Tetrud, Paul Nausieda, David Kreitzman, Grace S Liang, Anette Nieves, Andrew P Duker, Robert A Hauser, Eric S Farbman, Aaron Ellenbogen, Ann Hsu, Sherron Kell, Sarita Khanna, Robert Rubens, Suneel Gupta
BACKGROUND: IPX066 (Rytary®; carbidopa and levodopa [CD-LD] extended-release capsules) was designed to achieve therapeutic LD plasma concentrations within 1h of dosing and maintain LD concentrations for a prolonged duration in early or advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: In this open-label study, patients underwent 6weeks of conversion to IPX066 from their prior controlled-release (CR)±immediate-release (IR) CD-LD therapy and 6months of maintenance (with an additional 6months of IPX066 at some sites)...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130368/commentary-on-goodacre-r-timmins-%C3%A3-m-rooney-pj-rowland-jj-kell-db-rapid-identification-of-streptococcus-and-enterococcus-species-using-diffuse-reflectance-absorbance-fourier-transform-infrared-spectroscopy-and-artificial-neural-networks-fems-microbiol-lett
#15
Royston Goodacre, Douglas B Kell
This is an invited review/commentary by the first and last authors of a paper that was the most cited in FEMS Microbiology Letters for 1996, presently showing in excess of 150 citations at Web of Science, and over 200 at Google Scholar. It was the first paper in which diffuse-reflectance-absorbance FT-IR spectroscopy was used with a supervised learning method in the form of artificial neural networks, and showed that this combination could succeed in discriminating a series of closely related, clinically relevant, Gram-positive bacterial strains...
January 26, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124538/artificial-urinary-sphincter-for-urinary-incontinence-after-radical-prostatectomy-a-historical-cohort-from-2004-to-2015
#16
Augusto Cesar Soares Dos Santos, Luíza de Oliveira Rodrigues, Daniela Castelo Azevedo, Lélia Maria de Almeida Carvalho, Mariana Ribeiro Fernandes, Sandra de Oliveira Sapori Avelar, Maria Glória Cruvinel Horta, Silvana Márcia Bruschi Kelles
This study aimed to retrospectively evaluate a cohort of patients with prostate cancer and persistent urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy. From January 2004 to December 2015, eighty-six individuals were identified to have received an AUS implant, provided by a private nonprofit HMO operating in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. On total, there were 91 AUS implants, with a median interval between radical prostatectomy and AUS implant of 3.6 years (IQR 1.9 to 5.5). The rate of AUS cumulative survival, after a median follow-up of 4...
January 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097704/prophylactic-rhce-and-kell-antigen-matching-impact-on-alloimmunization-in-transfusion-dependent-patients-with-myelodysplastic-syndromes
#17
Y Lin, A Saskin, R A Wells, M Lenis, A Mamedov, J Callum, R Buckstein
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Thirty to 80 per cent of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) become transfusion-dependent and are at risk for red blood cell (RBC) alloimmunization. This study compared alloimmunization rates in transfusion-dependent patients with MDS at an institution with a policy of prophylactic antigen matching for RhCE and K (PAM) with those transfused at institutions without such a policy (non-PAM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Transfusion records were retrospectively reviewed to determine total number of RBC transfusions received, whether RBC phenotyping was performed, the type and date of first alloantibody development and receipt of prophylactic antigen matching for RhCE and K...
January 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040400/emerging-strategies-of-blood-group-genotyping-for-patients-with-hemoglobinopathies
#18
REVIEW
A Belsito, K Magnussen, C Napoli
Red cell alloimmunization is a serious problem in chronically transfused patients. A number of high-throughput DNA assays have been developed to extend or replace traditional serologic antigen typing. DNA-based typing methods may be easily automated and multiplexed, and provide reliable information on a patient. Molecular genotyping promises to become cheaper, being not dependent on serologic immunoglobulin reagents. Patients with hemoglobinopathies could benefit from receiving extended genomic typing. This could limit post transfusional complications depending on subtle antigenic differences between donors and patients...
December 9, 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038786/epidemiologic-data-of-trauma-related-lower-limb-amputees-a-single-center-10-year-experience
#19
Evren Yaşar, Fatih Tok, Serdar Kesikburun, A Mustafa Ada, Bayram Kelle, A Salim Göktepe, Kamil Yazıcıoğlu, A Kenan Tan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is three fold: 1) to introduce epidemiologic data of patients with trauma-related amputations as a 10-year experience of a rehabitation center; 2) to determine comorbidities and secondary conditions of lower limb loss; 3) to determine the rehospitalization reasons for lower limb amputee patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted in a tertiary rehabilitation center in Turkey. Clinical and demographic data of amputees including sex, age, employment status, time since amputation, time after amputation to first hospitalization, length of hospitalization, how many times the patient was hospitalized, reason for hospitalization, stump complications, comorbid conditions, amputation level and K classifacation were documented...
February 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028036/reduced-islet-function-contributes-to-impaired-glucose-homeostasis-in-fructose-fed-mice
#20
Zeenat A Asghar, Andrew Cusumano, Zihan Yan, Maria S Remedi, Kelle H Moley
Increased sugar consumption, particularly fructose, in the form of sweetened beverages and sweeteners in our diet adversely affects metabolic health. Because these effects are associated with features of the metabolic syndrome in humans, the direct effect of fructose on pancreatic islet function is unknown. Therefore, we examined the islet phenotype of mice fed excess fructose. Fructose-fed mice exhibited fasting hyperglycemia and glucose intolerance but not hyperinsulinemia, dyslipidemia, or hyperuricemia...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
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