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Teratology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156433/evaluating-features-of-periphytic-diatom-communities-as-biomonitoring-tools-in-fresh-brackish-and-marine-waters
#1
Lalit K Pandey, Yogesh Chandra Sharma, Jihae Park, Soyeon Choi, Hojun Lee, Jie Lyu, Taejun Han
The aims of this study were to assess the biodiversity of periphytic diatom assemblages in fresh, brackish and marine waterbodies of Korea, and to assess the effect of environmental and anthropogenic factors on parameters such as the quantity and biovolume of lipid bodies and deformations of diatoms as early warning measures of anthropogenic impact. Diatom samples were collected from 31 sites (14 freshwater, 10 brackish and 7 marine), which included less impacted (upstream) and impacted (downstream) sites in each water type...
November 10, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105191/57th-annual-meeting-of-the-japanese-teratology-society-seeking-a-contact-between-humans-and-experimental-animals
#2
Hiroaki Aoyama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063150/drug-safety-in-pregnancy-the-german-embryotox-institute
#3
Katarina Dathe, Christof Schaefer
Since 1988, the German Embryotox institute combines individual counselling of pregnant women and their health care providers (HCP) with research on drug safety in pregnancy. In addition, Embryotox offers web-based information which covers the most important and most frequently requested pharmaceutical substances. In contrast to ready-made drug risk information in package leaflets and other product information, individual counselling considers different clinical settings such as (1) looking for a drug of choice or planning pregnancy under medication, (2) risk assessment of a particular drug that has already been taken during an (unplanned) pregnancy and (3) evaluation of an adverse pregnancy outcome in association with a particular medication...
October 24, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038967/morphology-and-the-central-nervous-system-of-eratigena-atrica-affected-by-a-complex-anomaly-in-the-anterior-part-of-the-prosoma
#4
Teresa Napiórkowska, Julita Templin, Katarzyna Wołczuk
Spider embryogenesis is affected by a range of environmental factors. Any sudden, drastic change in the environment may impair spider development, leading to various body deformities. In the present study, we analyze changes in the morphology and structure of the central nervous system of an Eratigena atrica larva, obtained in a teratological experiment in which embryos were exposed to alternating temperatures of 14 and 32 °C for the first 10 days. The studied larva had three pedipalps on the right side of the prosoma (polymely), two of which were fused along their entire length (total heterosymely)...
October 17, 2017: Invertebrate Neuroscience: IN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957901/closed-reduction-of-congenital-dislocation-of-the-hip-prediction-factors-and-results
#5
Michal S Galek-Aldridge, Jan Jaap de Graeff, Peter A A Struijs
From 2009 to 2015, 15 infants with a congenital dislocation of the hip were treated with closed reduction under anaesthesia, after first being treated with Pavlik bandaging. A retrospective study was carried out with a minimum follow-up of 1 year to assess the success rate of the procedure and predictive factors. Twelve out of 15 (80%) patients achieved successful reduction. In the successful cases, the Barlow test was positive and the safe zone was 20° or more. In the unsuccessful cases, there was a negative Barlow present in the outpatient clinic and the safe zone was less than 20°...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948136/fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-a-case-study
#6
Leila Glass, Sarah N Mattson
This grand rounds manuscript reviews important considerations in developing case conceptualizations for individuals with a history of prenatal alcohol exposure. This case study provides an introduction to fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, diagnostic issues, a detailed description of the individual's history, presenting symptoms, neuropsychological test results, and an integrated summary. We describe a 9-year old girl diagnosed with a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD): Neurobehavioral Disorder Associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (ND-PAE)...
June 2017: J Pediatr Neuropsychol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934925/editorial-teratology-and-reproductive-toxicology-of-anticancer-agents
#7
EDITORIAL
Gian Mario Tiboni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769788/association-between-cyp2d6-genotypes-and-the-risk-of-antidepressant-discontinuation-dosage-modification-and-the-occurrence-of-maternal-depression-during-pregnancy
#8
Anick Bérard, Andrea Gaedigk, Odile Sheehy, Christina Chambers, Mark Roth, Pina Bozzo, Diana Johnson, Kelly Kao, Sharon Lavigne, Lori Wolfe, Dee Quinn, Kristen Dieter, Jin-Ping Zhao
Importance: Polymorphic expression of drug metabolizing enzymes affects the metabolism of antidepressants, and thus can contribute to drug response and/or adverse events. Pregnancy itself can affect CYP2D6 activity with profound variations determined by CYP2D6 genotype. Objective: To investigate the association between CYP2D6 genotype and the risk of antidepressant discontinuation, dosage modification, and the occurrence of maternal CYP2D6, Antidepressants, Depression during pregnancy. Setting: Data from the Organization of Teratology Information Specialists (OTIS) Antidepressants in Pregnancy Cohort, 2006-2010, were used...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769610/the-species-of-haplothrips-thysanoptera-phlaeothripinae-and-related-genera-recorded-from-the-hawaiian-islands
#9
Laurence A Mound, Janis N Matsunaga
An illustrated identification key is provided to 17 species of Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripinae from Hawaii that are members of the Tribe Haplothripini, together with a further species that is similar in general appearance to members of that Tribe. Of these 18 species, 13 are considered introduced from other parts of the world, but five appear to be endemics. Known only from Hawaii, Haplothrips fissussyn. n. is considered to have been based on a teratological specimen and is placed as a synonym of the Hawaiian endemic Haplothrips davisi...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765997/changes-in-femoral-head-size-and-growth-rate-in-young-children-with-severe-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip
#10
Matthew R Wanner, Randall T Loder, S Gregory Jennings, Fangqian Ouyang, Boaz Karmazyn
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is known to result in smaller femoral head size in toddlers; however, alterations in femoral head size and growth have not been documented in infants. OBJECTIVE: To determine with ultrasound (US) whether femoral head size and growth are altered in infants (younger than 1 year of age) with severe DDH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified all patients at our tertiary care children's hospital from 2002 to 2014 who underwent US for DDH...
December 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757310/recommendations-for-harmonization-of-data-collection-and-analysis-of-developmental-neurotoxicity-endpoints-in-regulatory-guideline-studies-proceedings-of-workshops-presented-at-society-of-toxicology-and-joint-teratology-society-and-neurobehavioral-teratology
#11
REVIEW
Abby A Li, Larry P Sheets, Kathleen Raffaele, Virginia Moser, Angela Hofstra, Alan Hoberman, Susan L Makris, Robert Garman, Brad Bolon, Wolfgang Kaufmann, Roland Auer, Edmund Lau, Thomas Vidmar, Wayne J Bowers
The potential for developmental neurotoxicity (DNT) of environmental chemicals may be evaluated using specific test guidelines from the US Environmental Protection Agency or the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). These guidelines generate neurobehavioral, neuropathological, and morphometric data that are evaluated by regulatory agencies globally. Data from these DNT guideline studies, or the more recent OECD extended one-generation reproductive toxicity guideline, play a pivotal role in children's health risk assessment in different world areas...
July 27, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739212/conference-programme-45th-annual-conference-of-the-european-teratology
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699076/exploring-the-effects-of-acid-mine-drainage-on-diatom-teratology-using-geometric-morphometry
#13
Adriana Olenici, Saúl Blanco, María Borrego-Ramos, Laura Momeu, Călin Baciu
Metal pollution of aquatic habitats is a major and persistent environmental problem. Acid mine drainage (AMD) affects lotic systems in numerous and interactive ways. In the present work, a mining area (Roșia Montană) was chosen as study site, and we focused on two aims: (i) to find the set of environmental predictors leading to the appearance of the abnormal diatom individuals in the study area and (ii) to assess the relationship between the degree of valve outline deformation and AMD-derived pollution. In this context, morphological differences between populations of Achnanthidium minutissimum and A...
July 11, 2017: Ecotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657171/is-it-safe-to-use-lamotrigine-during-pregnancy-a-prospective-comparative-observational-study
#14
Orna Diav-Citrin, Svetlana Shechtman, Naama Zvi, Victoriya Finkel-Pekarsky, Asher Ornoy
BACKGROUND: Lamotrigine is a second-generation antiepileptic drug, also used as a mood stabilizer. Published data on its use in human pregnancy are largely derived from pregnancy registries. Pregnancy experience in most studies has been reassuring. However, data from the North American Antiepileptic Drug Pregnancy Registry suggested an increased risk for oral clefts. The primary objective of the study was to evaluate the rate of major anomalies after lamotrigine exposure during pregnancy compared with pregnancies of women counseled for nonteratogenic exposure (NTE)...
September 1, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626851/counselling-pregnant-women-at-the-crossroads-of-europe-and-asia-effect-of-teratology-information-service-in-turkey
#15
Yusuf Cem Kaplan, Barış Karadaş, Gözde Küçüksolak, Bartu Ediz, Ömer Demir, Kaan Sozmen, Hedvig Nordeng
Background Previous studies from western countries demonstrated the effectiveness of Teratology Information Service (TIS) counselling in reducing the teratogenic risk perception of pregnant women. Objective To assess whether TIS counselling would be effective in reducing the teratogenic risk perception of the Turkish pregnant women. Setting A TIS (Terafar) operating in a university hospital in Turkey. Methods A cross-sectional survey study. Pregnant women with non-teratogenic medication exposures were asked to assign scores on visual analogue scales (VAS) in response to the questions aiming to measure their teratogenic risk perception...
August 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591843/the-first-evidence-of-nanism-in-ixodes-ixodes-scapularis-acari-ixodidae-found-parasitizing-a-human-host
#16
John Soghigian, Gale E Ridge, Kirby C Stafford, Goudarz Molaei
Ixodes scapularis Say 1821, the primary vector of several human pathogens in the northeastern and upper Midwestern United States, has considerable genetic and morphological variation throughout its range. Recently, developmental or teratological abnormalities have been observed in this species for the first time, further complicating morphological identification. Here, we report the first evidence of nanism (dwarfism) in I. scapularis, found parasitizing a human host. We used molecular methods and scanning electron microscopy to identify the specimen...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583884/28th-conference-of-the-european-network-of-teratology-information-services-entis-september-2-5-2017-budapest-hungary
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 3, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517034/comparative-musculoskeletal-anatomy-of-chameleon-limbs-with-implications-for-the-evolution-of-arboreal-locomotion-in-lizards-and-for-teratology
#18
Julia L Molnar, Raul E Diaz, Tautis Skorka, Grant Dagliyan, Rui Diogo
Chameleon species have recently been adopted as models for evo-devo and macroevolutionary processes. However, most anatomical and developmental studies of chameleons focus on the skeleton, and information about their soft tissues is scarce. Here, we provide a detailed morphological description based on contrast enhanced micro-CT scans and dissections of the adult phenotype of all the forelimb and hindlimb muscles of the Veiled Chameleon (Chamaeleo calyptratus) and compare these muscles with those of other chameleons and lizards...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503765/57th-annual-teratology-society-meeting
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490962/effects-of-perinatal-exposure-to-zamzam-water-on-the-teratological-studies-of-the-mice-offspring
#20
Gasem Mohammad Abu-Taweel
Zamzam water is well documented for plenty of medicinal value for curing illness. In the present study, the effects of perinatal consumption of Zamzam and normal drinking water by the pregnant mice on their offspring's physical parameters, early sensory motor reflexes, locomotor activities, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in the homogenize brain tissue and blood parameters were compared. To achieve that; Zamzam water was given to female Swiss-Webster strain mice as the only source of drinking fluid and the control animals were administered plain tap water...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
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