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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771723/comparing-short-term-and-oncologic-outcomes-of-minimally-invasive-versus-open-pancreaticoduodenectomy-across-low-and-high-volume-centers
#1
Robert J Torphy, Chloe Friedman, Alison Halpern, Brandon C Chapman, Steven S Ahrendt, Martin M McCarter, Barish H Edil, Richard D Schulick, Ana Gleisner
OBJECTIVE: To compare short-term and oncologic outcomes of patients with cancer who underwent open pancreaticoduodenectomy (OPD) versus minimally invasive pancreaticoduodenectomy (MIPD) using the National Cancer Database. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: MIPD, including laparoscopic and robotic approaches, has continued to gain acceptance despite prior reports of increased short-term mortality when compared with OPD. METHODS: Patients with pancreatic cancer diagnosed from 2010 to 2015 undergoing curative intent resection were selected from the National Cancer Database...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770267/role-of-noninvasive-imaging-of-cerebral-arterial-system-in-ischemic-stroke-comparison-of-transcranial-color-coded-doppler-sonography-with-magnetic-resonance-angiography
#2
Betty Simon, Sunithi Elizabeth Mani, Shyamkumar Nidugala Keshava, Mathew Alexander, Sanjith Aaron
Aim: To determine the accuracy of transcranial color-coded Doppler sonography (TCCS) in the evaluation of cerebral arterial system in patients with ischemic stroke attending a tertiary care hospital in South India. Objectives: (1) To describe the topographical distribution of atherosclerotic lesions in the cerebral circulation in patients presenting with ischemic stroke from the Indian subcontinent and (2) to determine the accuracy of TCCS for detection and quantification of intracranial stenoses in various segments of the intracerebral arterial system in comparison with magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)...
2018: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769772/oral-hygiene-status-gingival-status-periodontal-status-and-treatment-needs-among-pregnant-and-nonpregnant-women-a-comparative-study
#3
Meena Kashetty, Sagar Kumbhar, Smita Patil, Prashant Patil
Objectives: The gingival and periodontal changes during pregnancy are well known. Gingivitis is the most prevalent oral manifestations associated with pregnancy. The hormonal and vascular changes that accompany pregnancy are known to exaggerate the inflammatory response to the local irritants. Hence, a study was designed to assess oral hygiene status, gingival status, periodontal status, and treatment needs (TNs) among pregnant and nonpregnant women. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 120 pregnant and 120 nonpregnant women of 18-44 years age attending the Outpatient Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics in Government Hospital of Belgaum city, Karnataka, India...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769503/vitamin-d-status-in-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-patients-attending-in-a-tertiary-hospital-of-bangladesh
#4
M S Alam, M Kamrul-Hasan, S T Kalam, S Selim, F Akter, M Saifuddin
Vitamin D deficiency is common in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Vitamin D status may have a causal role in the onset of T2DM and may influence glycaemic control in these patients. However, data on vitamin D status among Bangladeshi T2DM patients are scarce. The present cross-sectional study was done among newly diagnosed 50 T2DM patients attending outpatient department of Comilla Diabetic Hospital, Bangladesh to address this lacuna. Serum 25(OH)D was measured in all and classified as normal (≥30ng/mL), insufficient (>20 to 29...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769501/thyroid-status-in-children-with-transfusion-dependent-hb-e-%C3%AE-thalassaemia
#5
T Sharmin, A H Mollah, A A Morshed, M K Chowdhury
Despite improved haematological care, multi-endocrine dysfunction is a common complication in thalassemia. Iron overload is thought to be the most likely mechanism in thyroid dysfunction in these patients. Moreover, chronic tissue hypoxia might havedirect toxic effect on thyroid gland resulting in hypothyroidism. This study was designed to evaluate the thyroid status of children with Hb-E β-thalassemia. This cross sectional analytic study was conducted among thepatients with Hb-E β-thalassemia attending both in-patient & out-patient department of Paediatrics, Dhaka Medical College & Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh from April 2012 to March 2013...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769493/immune-response-against-hepatitis-b-virus-after-pentavalent-vaccination-in-children
#6
R Karim, M S Rahman, M S Uddin
This study was done to know the real status of immune response to Hepatitis B vaccine among the pentavalent vaccinated children as per EPI schedule of Bangladesh. It was prospective observational study done in the EPI corner of Paediatric OPD of Dhaka National Medical College & Hospital (DNMCH), Dhaka from July 2015 to July 2016. Sixty (60) children ranging from 9 months to 2 years of age, who received pentavalent vaccination (Hepatitis B + DPT + Hib) according to EPI schedule, were included. The testing for anti-HBs titres were conducted in the Department of Virology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769491/management-of-traumatic-unstable-thoracolumbar-spine-conservative-versus-operative-treatment
#7
M M Rahman, N A Islam, M S Islam, M M Rahman, M A Islam, M K Alamgir, M H Sarker
Traumatic thoracolumbar spine injury result in significant instability of the spine and leads to an acute on delayed neurological deficit. Objective of the study is to find a better option in the management of unstable traumatic thoracolumbar spine with incomplete neurological lesion. This was quasi-experimental study. The study was carried out at National Institute of Traumatology & Orthopedic Rehabilitation (NITOR), Dhaka, Bangladesh from January 2006 to December 2008. A total number of 40 patients with traumatic thoracolumbar spine injuries with incomplete neurological lesion were selected purposively...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769489/pattern-of-disease-among-patients-attending-cardiology-outpatient-department-of-a-private-hospital-of-mymensingh-bangladesh
#8
G K Paul, B Sen, M K Khan, T K Bhowmik, T A Khan, A K Roy
Epidemiologic transition is taking place in every part of the world. Cardiovascular diseases became the most common cause of death accounting for 30% of deaths worldwide, with 80% of the burden now occurring in developing countries. The objective of the study was to assess the Pattern of disease among patients attending Cardiology outpatient department of a private hospital. The cross sectional descriptive type of observational study was conducted among 550 patients attending Cardiology outpatient department (COPD) of Sodesh Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from March 2016 to June 2016...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760660/ophiopogonin-d-a-natural-product-from-radix-ophiopogonis-induces-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-ripk1-dependent-and-caspase-independent-apoptotic-death-in-androgen-independent-human-prostate-cancer-cells
#9
Zongliang Lu, He Wang, Mingxing Zhu, Wei Song, Jiajia Wang, Changpeng Wu, Ya Kong, Jing Guo, Na Li, Jie Liu, Yanwu Li, Hongxia Xu
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anticancer effects of Ophiopogonin D' (OPD', a natural product extracted from a traditional Chinese medicine ( Radix Ophiopogonis ) against androgen-independent prostate cancer cells and to explore the underlying molecular mechanism(s) of action. Methods: The CCK-8 assay was used to assess the viability of prostate cancer cells. The cell morphology was examined by an ultrastructural analysis via transmission electron microscopy. Cells in apoptosis (early and late stages) were detected using an Annexin V-FITC/propidium iodide kit with a FACSCaliber flow cytometer...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757246/a-novel-mach-zehnder-interferometer-using-eccentric-core-fiber-design-for-optical-coherence-tomography
#10
Qiao Xiong, Xinglin Tong, Chengwei Deng, Cui Zhang, Pengfei Wang, Zhiyuan Zheng, Fang Liu
A novel Mach-Zehnder interferometer using eccentric-core fiber (ECF) design for optical coherence tomography (OCT) is proposed and demonstrated. Instead of the commercial single-mode fiber (SMF), the ECF is used as one interference arm of the implementation. Because of the offset location of the eccentric core, it is sensitive to directional bending and the optical path difference (OPD) of two interference arms can be adjusted with high precision. The birefringence of ECF is calculated and experimentally measured, which demonstrates the polarization sensitivity of the ECF proposed in the paper is similar to that of SMF...
May 13, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753569/first-presentation-with-psychotic-symptoms-to-the-emergency-department
#11
Yousef Etlouba, Abdullah Laher, Feroza Motara, Muhammed Moolla, Nazeema Ariefdien
BACKGROUND: Mental health conditions account for 52.8 million (4.9-6.3%) emergency department (ED) visits in the United States. Psychotic conditions are responsible for approximately 10% of all mental health presentations. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the underlying etiology and characteristics of patients presenting to the ED with a first episode of psychotic symptoms. METHODS: Medical records of 159 African, Asian, white, and mixed-race patients were prospectively reviewed...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750020/prediction-models-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-different-neck-pain-conditions-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Hector Beltran-Alacreu, Ibai López-de-Uralde-Villanueva, César Calvo-Lobo, Roy La Touche, Roberto Cano-de-la-Cuerda, Alfonso Gil-Martínez, David Fernández-Ayuso, Josué Fernández-Carnero
Purpose: The main aim of the study was to predict the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) based on physical, functional, and psychological measures in patients with different types of neck pain (NP). Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study included 202 patients from a primary health center and the physiotherapy outpatient department of a hospital. Patients were divided into four groups according to their NP characteristics: chronic (CNP), acute whiplash (WHIP), chronic NP associated with temporomandibular dysfunction (NP-TMD), or chronic NP associated with chronic primary headache (NP-PH)...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749667/the-brighton-musculoskeletal-patient-reported-outcome-measure-bmprom-an-assessment-of-validity-reliability-and-responsiveness
#13
Elizabeth Bryant, Shemane Murtagh, Laura Finucane, Carol McCrum, Christopher Mercer, Toby Smith, Guy Canby, David A Rowe, Ann P Moore
BACKGROUND: In response for the need of a freely available, stand-alone, validated outcome measure for use within musculoskeletal (MSK) physiotherapy practice, sensitive enough to measure clinical effectiveness, we developed an MSK patient reported outcome measure. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the validity and reliability of the newly developed Brighton musculoskeletal Patient-Reported Outcome Measure (BmPROM) within physiotherapy outpatient settings. METHODS: Two hundred twenty-four patients attending physiotherapy outpatient departments in South East England with an MSK condition participated in this study...
May 11, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744307/cross-cultural-adaption-validity-and-reliability-of-a-hindi-version-of-the-corah-s-dental-anxiety-scale
#14
Meena Jain, Shourya Tandon, Ankur Sharma, Vishal Jain, Nisha Rani Yadav
Background: An appropriate scale to assess the dental anxiety of Hindi speaking population is lacking. This study, therefore, aims to evaluate the psychometric properties of Hindi version of one of the oldest dental anxiety scale, Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale (CDAS) in Hindi speaking Indian adults. Methods: A total of 348 subjects from the outpatient department of a dental hospital in India participated in this cross-sectional study. The scale was cross-culturally adapted by forward and backward translation, committee review and pretesting method...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743950/multimodality-management-of-leiomyosarcoma-of-the-cervix
#15
Vijaya Kumar Jayaram, J Parikshith, Geeta Sowmya Narayanan, Richa Tiwari, R Veena, S Prathima, M S Ganesh, Chattakonda Sai Snehith, Esther Praisy
We present the case of a young female patient who presented to the outpatient department with a history of bleeding per vagina, diagnosed with leiomyosarcoma of the cervix; the patient underwent total abdominal hysterectomy with pelvic lymph node dissection. In this article, we mainly discuss multimodality therapy in the management of an unusual variety of tumour in the uterine cervix.
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739482/serum-anti-tetanus-and-measles-antibody-titres-in-ugandan-children-aged-4-months-to-6-years-implications-for-vaccine-programme
#16
Lenesha Warrener, Josephine Bwogi, Nick Andrews, Dhanraj Samuel, Theopista Kabaliisa, Henry Bukenya, Kevin Brown, Martha H Roper, David A Featherstone, David Brown
To study the antibody response to tetanus toxoid and measles by age following vaccination in children aged 4 months to 6 years in Entebbe, Uganda. Serum samples were obtained from 113 children aged 4-15 months, at the Mother-Child Health Clinic (MCHC), Entebbe Hospital and from 203 of the 206 children aged between 12 and 75 months recruited through the Outpatients Department (OPD). Antibodies to measles were quantified by plaque reduction neutralisation test (PRNT) and with Siemens IgG EIA. VaccZyme IgG EIA was used to quantify anti-tetanus antibodies...
May 9, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738995/the-use-of-ortho-phenylenediamine-and-zar-pro%C3%A2-strips-for-the-development-of-bloodmarks-on-a-dark-coloured-non-porous-surface
#17
Stephanie Oliver, Thomas Smale, Isaac Arthur
The development of fingerprints in blood on a dark-coloured surface can be difficult. Contrast between the bloodmark and the surface can be difficult to achieve using photography and chemical reagents. The use of haem-reagent ortho-Phenylenediamine (OPD) and Zar-Pro™ strips in the enhancement of bloody impressions were investigated. Depletions of bloodmarks were deposited on black ceramic tiles and aged up to 90 days. OPD, Acid Yellow 7, and Hungarian Red were applied to these tiles and the developed fingermarks were compared using a numerical score system...
April 22, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737596/multifunction-interferometry-using-the-electron-mobility-visibility-and-mean-free-path-relationship
#18
N Pornsuwancharoen, P Youplao, I S Amiri, M S Aziz, Q L Tran, J Ali, P Yupapin, K T V Grattan
A conventional Michelson interferometer is modified and used to form the various types of interferometers. The basic system consists of a conventional Michelson interferometer with silicon-graphene-gold embedded between layers on the ports. When light from the monochromatic source is input into the system via the input port (silicon waveguide), the change in optical path difference (OPD) of light traveling in the stacked layers introduces the change in the optical phase, which affects to the electron mean free path within the gold layer, induces the change in the overall electron mobility can be seen by the interferometer output visibility...
May 8, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737406/mos-2-nanosheets-with-peroxidase-mimicking-activity-as-viable-dual-mode-optical-probes-for-determination-and-imaging-of-intracellular-hydrogen-peroxide
#19
Huimei Liu, Baocheng Wang, Dehai Li, Xueyi Zeng, Xiao Tang, Qingsheng Gao, Jiye Cai, Huai-Hong Cai
The authors describe a dual-mode (colorimetric-fluorometric) nanoprobe for H2 O2 that was fabricated by covering molybdenum disulfide nanosheets (MoS2 NS) with ortho-phenylenediamine (OPD). The probe (OPD-MoS2 NS) was applied to the optical determination of H2 O2 , to the quantitation of cell numbers, and to the detection of intracellular concentrations of H2 O2 . Oxidation by H2 O2 leads to a colored and fluorescent product (oxidized OPD) with absorption/excitation/fluorescence peaks at 450/450/557 nm. The nanoprobe can detect H2 O2 in down to 500 nM concentrations, and HeLa cells at levels of 100 cells mL-1 ...
May 8, 2018: Mikrochimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729554/the-burden-of-personality-disorders-on-the-dsm-5-addiction-to-tobacco-during-pregnancy
#20
Ester di Giacomo, Fabrizia Colmegna, Francesca Pescatore, Flora Aspesi, Maria Fotiadou, Massimo Clerici
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is a major health concern. Many women smoke during their reproductive years, some of them during their pregnancy. Adverse outcomes for the newborns physical health are well recognized, while the influence on their mental health is still under investigation. We aim at demonstrating the contribution of maternal personality disorders in maintaining addiction to tobacco during pregnancy, to underline their role and the need of their detection as a preventive effort...
April 25, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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