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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736257/risk-of-depression-among-bangladeshi-type-2-diabetic-patients
#1
S H Chowdhury, M N Karim, S Selim, F Ahmed, A K Azad, S A Maksud, M F U Rahaman, M F Uddin, M A J Chowdhury
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the strength and consistency of the relationship between depression and diabetes in Bangladeshi population. METHODS: The study was conducted at the medicine department of Bangabandhu Shiekh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) during May 2012 to May 2013. Equal number of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients and non-diabetic subjects (patient attendants) were recruited from outpatient department matching for age (±2 years) and gender...
July 17, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732511/primary-liver-transplantation-and-liver-retransplantation-comparison-of-health-related-quality-of-life-and-mental-status-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Johannes Broschewitz, Georg Wiltberger, Nicco Krezdorn, Felix Krenzien, Julia Förster, Georgi Atanasov, Hans-Michael Hau, Moritz Schmelzle, Andreas Hinz, Michael Bartels, Christian Benzing
BACKGROUND: Liver Retransplantation (Re-LT) procedures are associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Up to date, there is no knowledge on the health-related quality of life and the mental status of these patients. METHODS: Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) was assessed by using the Short Form 36 (SF-36) Health Survey and Mental Status was assessed by using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). The patients were examined in different assessments: During regular check-up examinations in the LT outpatient department in 2011 (Survey 1) and in a postal survey in 2013 (Survey 2)...
July 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728263/-identification-of-mutations-associated-with-coronary-artery-lesion-susceptibility-in-kawasaki-disease-by-targeted-enrichment-of-genomic-region-sequencing-technique
#3
D Y Zhu, S R Song, L J Xie, F Qiu, J Yang, T T Xiao, M Huang
Objective: To screen and identify the mutations in Kawasaki disease by targeted enrichment of genomic region sequencing technique and investigate susceptibility genes associated with coronary artery lesion. Method: This was a case-control study.A total of 114 patients diagnosed as Kawasaki disease treated in Shanghai Children's Hospital between December 2015 and November 2016 were studied and another 45 healthy children who were physically examined in outpatient department were enrolled as control group. Patients were divided into two groups based on the results of echocardiogram...
July 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727993/how-do-nurse-practitioners-work-in-primary-health-care-settings-a-scoping-review
#4
REVIEW
Julian Grant, Lauren Lines, Philip Darbyshire, Yvonne Parry
OBJECTIVES: This scoping review explores the work of nurse practitioners in primary health care settings in developed countries and critiques their contribution to improved health outcomes. DESIGN: A scoping review design was employed and included development of a research question, identification of potentially relevant studies, selection of relevant studies, charting data, collating, summarising and reporting findings. An additional step was added to evaluate the methodological rigor of each study...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727592/nutrition-exercise-and-skin-integrity-among-frail-older-adults-in-taiwan
#5
Chia-Te Chen, Heng-Hsin Tung, Tao-Hsin Tung, Jong-Chyou Denq
OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to determine the correlation between nutrition status and skin integrity in the frail older adult population. DESIGN AND SETTING: Participants (N = 94) in this cross-sectional study were recruited through convenience sampling from the neurology and geriatrics outpatient department at a regional teaching hospital in Northern Taiwan. Study tools included a Basic Participant Profile Fill-in Sheet, which assesses demographic and exercise habit; the Comorbidity Index; Skin Integrity Evaluation Chart; Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form; and Taiwan International Physical Activity Questionnaire Form...
August 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723599/management-of-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-a-comparative-study-between-epleys-manouvre-and-betahistine
#6
Japneet Kaur, Karthik Shamanna
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common peripheral vestibular disorder, accounting for 20% of all vertigo cases. Idiopathic BPPV is most common between the ages of 50 and 70, although the condition is found in all age groups. This study was conducted in our institute on 90 patients who presented to the outpatient department with history of vertigo and were diagnosed with BPPV via a positive Dix Hallpike test. Patients were randomnly placed in three groups of 30 each. Patients in Group A were treated with Epleys manoeuvre alone, in Group B were treated with Epleys Manouvre followed by oral Betahistine and patients in Group C were treated with Betahistine alone...
June 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718252/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-among-asthmatic-patients
#7
Fawad Ahmed, Ayaz Ayub, Hamid Hussain
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in some developed countries is on the rise as surveys conducted on large scale vouch for. This study was conducted with the aim to determine the frequency of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among asthmatic patients at outpatient department of tertiary care hospitals in Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in outpatient department of two tertiary care hospitals...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718249/frequency-of-undiagnosed-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#8
Raza Ullah, Shahid Salam, Tahir Ghaffar, Rahim Muhammad, Imran Khan
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive airway disease (COPD) is considered as risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) along with other risk factors. This study was conducted to determine the frequency of undiagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Pulmonology and Cardiology wards/OPD's of Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar. Patients more than 35 years of age, diagnosed with CAD of either gender were included...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718248/outcome-of-0-2-glyceryltrinitrate-cream-versus-2-diltiazem-cream-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-anal-fissure
#9
Muhammad Siddique Khan, Ismail Akbar, Junaid Zeb, Salman Ahmad, Ajmal Khan
BACKGROUND: Anal fissure is a linear tear in the distal anal canal resulting from persistent hypertonia and spasm of the internal sphincter which results in mucosal ischemia. We have conducted a study in order to compare the outcome of 0.2% glyceryl trinitrate cream versus 2% diltiazem cream in the treatment of chronic anal fissure. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial (RCT) was carried out in the Department of Surgical "B" unit, at Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad, Pakistan from 15th June 2012 to 15th May 2015...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718236/dose-comparison-and-side-effect-profile-of-metformin-extended-release-versus-metformin-immediate-release
#10
Maliha Hameed, Khurshid Khan, Sadia Salman, Nasir Mehmood
BACKGROUND: Diabetes Mellitus type 2 is very common worldwide, with majority of cases in Asia Pacific region. Metformin is the first line therapy, along with lifestyle modification for all type 2 diabetics as recommended by ADA. Metformin is available as conventional Metformin Immediate Release (MIR) and Metformin Extended Release (MXR). Metformin XR has better gastrointestinal tolerability and fewer side effects as compared to Metformin IR, with similar efficacy regarding anti-hyperglycaemic effects...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717060/clinical-data-analysis-of-genotypes-and-phenotypes-of-deafness-gene-mutations-in-newborns-a-retrospective-study
#11
Yating Du, Lihui Huang, Xueyao Wang, Qingjia Cui, Xiaohua Cheng, Liping Zhao, Tingting Ni
We retrospectively analyzed newborns with deafness gene mutations and summarized the relationship between genotype and phenotype to provide a basis for genetic counseling. We studied 582 subjects positive for deafness gene mutations that were treated in the otology outpatient department of Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, between April 2012 and April 2016. The subjects were divided into 3 categories: a diagnosed group (group A), which was further subdivided into subgroups A1 (homozygous and compound heterozygous GJB2 mutations) and A2 (homozygous and compound heterozygous SLC26A4 mutations); a drug-induced deafness group (group B, mitochondrial (Mt) gene mutations); and a mutation carrier group (group C), which was further subdivided into the subgroups C1 (GJB2 heterozygous mutations), C2 (SLC26A4 heterozygous mutations), C3 (GJB3 heterozygous mutations), and C4 (double gene mutations)...
July 17, 2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717058/lumbosacral-transitional-vertebrae-cause-spinal-level-misconception-in-surgeries-for-degenerative-lumbar-spine-disorders
#12
Tomowaki Nakagawa, Ko Hashimoto, Takumi Tsubakino, Takeshi Hoshikawa, Takashi Inawashiro, Yasuhisa Tanaka
Human lumbar spine usually consists of five vertebrae; however, some individuals have vertebral anomalies with four or six lumbar vertebrae because of sacralized fifth lumbar vertebra (L5 sacralization) or lumbarized first sacral vertebra (S1 lumbarization), respectively. These vertebral anomalies are called lumbosacral transitional vertebra (LSTV). Although LSTV is an asymptomatic anomaly, it is known to cause misconception in spinal counts and in spinal level at lumbar spinal surgery. The purpose of this study is to evaluate how LSTV affects the diagnosis and surgeries in lumbar spine disorders...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713687/group-psychological-intervention-for-maternal-depression-a-nested-qualitative-study-from-karachi-pakistan
#13
Nusrat Husain, Nasim Chaudhry, Christine Furber, Hina Fayyaz, Tayyeba Kiran, Farah Lunat, Raza Ur Rahman, Saira Farhan, Batool Fatima
AIM: To understand the experience of maternal depression, the factors implicated in accessing health, and the acceptability of the psychosocial intervention. METHODS: The participants were recruited from the paediatrics outpatient department of Civil Hospital Karachi, Pakistan. The study started in December 2009 and completed in December 2010. Women with maternal depression, aged 18-44 years with children aged 0-30 mo who had received nutritional supplements, and participated in the intervention programme [called Learning through Play (LTP) plus] were included in the study...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713264/white-matter-changes-related-gait-and-executive-function-deficits-associations-with-age-and-parkinson-s-disease
#14
Jennifer Sartor, Kristina Bettecken, Felix P Bernhard, Marc Hofmann, Till Gladow, Tobias Lindig, Meltem Ciliz, Mara Ten Kate, Johanna Geritz, Sebastian Heinzel, Marije Benedictus, Philip Scheltens, Markus A Hobert, Walter Maetzler
Background: White matter changes (WMC) are a common finding among older adults and patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), and have been associated with, e.g., gait deficits and executive dysfunction. How the factors age and PD influence WMC-related deficits is, to our best knowledge, not investigated to date. We hypothesized that advanced age and presence of PD leads to WMC-related symptoms while practicing tasks with a low complexity level, and low age and absence of PD leads to WMC-related symptoms while practicing tasks with a high complexity level...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712186/glycaemic-control-of-type-2-diabetic-patients-during-ramazan-fasting
#15
Uzma Malik, Nasir Mahmood, Khurshid Ahmed Khan, Maliha Hameed, Fawad Ahmed Randhawa, Sadia Salman, Amna Riaz, Khadija Waheed, Aqeela Rasheed
BACKGROUND: Among five main pillars of Islam Fasting is one of the key elements, all healthy adult Muslims have to observe fast from dawn till dusk during the holy month of Ramadan. According to a 2009 demographic study, Islam has 1.57 billion believers, making up 23% of the world population of 6.8 billion, and is growing by 3% per year. EPIDIAR (epidemiology of diabetes and Ramadan) study showed that 43% patients with type 1 and 79% patients with type2 diabetes observe fast during the month of Ramadan...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712174/arthrocentesis-for-temporomandibular-joint-pain-dysfunction-syndrome
#16
Shahid Rauf Jamot, Zafar Ali Khan, Tahir Ullah Khan, Riaz Ahmad Waraich, Muhammad Farooq
BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction is painful condition of facial musculoskeletal system. Arthrocentesis is less invasive treatment of TMJ dysfunctions. It has been used to treat variety of TMJ disorders. The objective of this study was to determine the success of arthrocentesis in TMJPDS patients where conservative treatment had failed. METHODS: This descriptive case study of 45 patients was completed in 6 months at Outpatient Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Mayo hospital Lahore...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710780/sleep-disorders-in-patients-with-erectile-dysfunction
#17
O Kalejaiye, Amr Abdel Raheem, A Moubasher, M Capece, S McNeillis, A Muneer, N Christopher, G Garaffa, D Ralph
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of OSA in men presenting with ED at a single centre. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: All men attending a specialised andrology outpatient department with a new diagnosis of erectile dysfunction were included in this prospective study. All patients completed 3 questionnaires: International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) and 2 sleep questionnaires. The sleep questionnaires used were the 'OSA screening' questionnaire and the Insomnia severity index'...
July 15, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709492/diagnosis-at-a-glance-of-radiological-imaging
#18
Ankush Chaudhary, Unnati Desai, Vinaya Karkhanis, Jyotsna M Joshi
A 14-year-old boy was referred to our outpatient department with complaints of dry cough, high-grade fever for 20 days and chest X-ray (CXR) opacity. The clinical examination was normal. His CXR showed a right mid-zone lobulated, homogenous opacity. Computed tomography (CT) of thorax showed a well-defined cystic lesion in right upper lobe with 5-10HU (Hounsfield unit) suggesting a fluid filled cyst. CT guided aspiration of cyst was undertaken and revealed clear fluid with no cells. Post-aspiration high-resolution CT images demonstrated classical signs of hydatid cyst...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706787/effect-of-scaling-root-planing-on-the-activity-of-alp-in-gcf-serum-of-patients-with-gingivitis-chronic-and-aggressive-periodontitis-a-comparative-study
#19
Nishi Singh, Siddhartha Chandel, Harmurti Singh, Amiya Agrawal, A N Savitha
INTRODUCTION: Host response and environmental factors are known to modify periodontal status adversely. Presently serum, saliva, and GCF are being investigated for its biochemical constituents. GCF contains array of biochemical factors, offering potential use as a diagnostic or prognostic biomarker of the biologic state of the periodontium in health and disease. Alkaline phosphatase is produced locally in the periodontium and shows positive correlation with disease activity and PD. Present study was designed to analyze the levels of ALP in GCF and serum of patients with gingivitis, chronic & aggressive periodontitis before and after SRP & to compare the difference within the study groups...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706407/incidence-of-oral-lichen-planus-in-perimenopausal-women-a-cross-sectional-study-in-western-uttar-pradesh-population
#20
Ravi Prakash Sasankoti Mohan, Akanksha Gupta, Nagaraju Kamarthi, Sangeeta Malik, Sumit Goel, Swati Gupta
BACKGROUND: Hormonal fluctuations during menopause lead to endocrine changes in women, especially in their sex steroid hormone production. Studies have documented the role of estrogen and progesterone (Pg) on autoimmune disorders such as multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and rheumatoid arthritis. Lichen planus (LP), an autoimmune disorder, seen frequently in perimenopausal women, may also get affected by sex steroid hormones, but no direct relationship has been established yet...
April 2017: Journal of Mid-life Health
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