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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334400/oolong-tea-and-lr-white-resin-a-new-method-of-plant-sample-preparation-for-transmission-electron-microscopy
#1
Xiaohua He, Fuzhen Guo, Bin Liu
Simplifying sample processing, shortening the sample preparation time, and adjusting procedures to suitable for new health and safety regulations, these issues are the current challenges which electron microscopic examinations need to face. In order to resolve these problems, new plant tissue sample processing protocols for transmission electron microscopy should be developed. In the present study, we chose the LR-White resin-assisted processing protocol for the ultrastructural observation of different types of plant tissues...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333772/-effect-of-different-surface-processes-on-the-bond-strength-between-zirconia-framework-and-veneering-ceramic
#2
Gong Qi, Sun Huiqiang, Hu Yijun, Chen Jia, Ding Weishan
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of different surface processes on bond strength and microscopic structure using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and an energy distribution spectrum (EDS) at the bonding interface between zirconia framework and veneering ceramic. METHODS: WIELAND zirconia core material was cut into 33 rectangular specimens and fired on into rectangular specimens (10 mm×5 mm×5 mm). The specimens were randomly divided into three groups (n=
11)...
December 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332500/microstructure-and-mechanical-properties-of-porous-titanium-structures-fabricated-by-electron-beam-melting-for-cranial-implants
#3
Khaja Moiduddin
The traditional methods of metallic bone implants are often dense and suffer from adverse reactions, biomechanical mismatch and lack of adequate space for new bone tissue to grow into the implant. The objective of this study is to evaluate the customized porous cranial implant with mechanical properties closer to that of bone and to improve the aesthetic outcome in cranial surgery with precision fitting for a better quality of life. Two custom cranial implants (bulk and porous) are digitally designed based on the Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine files and fabricated using additive manufacturing...
January 1, 2018: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332381/the-significant-role-of-mg-stoichiometry-in-designing-high-thermoelectric-performance-for-mg3-sb-bi-2-based-n-type-zintls
#4
Jing Shuai, Binghui Ge, Jun Mao, Shaowei Song, Yumei Wang, Zhifeng Ren
Complex structures with versatile chemistry provide considerable chemical tunability of the transport properties. Good thermoelectric materials are generally extrinsically doped semiconductors with optimal carrier concentrations, while charged intrinsic defects (e.g., vacancies, interstitials) can also adjust the carriers, even in the compounds with no apparent deviation from a stoichiometric nominal composition. Here we report that in Zintl compounds Mg3+xSb1.5Bi0.5, the carrier concentration can be tuned from p-type to n-type by simply altering the initial Mg concentration...
January 14, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332353/aesculetin-6-7-dihydroxycoumarin-exhibits-potent-and-selective-antitumor-activity-in-human-acute-myeloid-leukemia-cells-thp-1-via-induction-of-mitochondrial-mediated-apoptosis-and-cancer-cell-migration-inhibition
#5
Jian Gong, Wei-Guo Zhang, Xiao-Fen Feng, Mei-Juan Shao, Chao Xing
PURPOSE: The main target of the present research was to examine the antitumor properties of aesculetin in human acute myeloid leukemia cancer cells (THP-1) and peripheral blood mono-nucleated cells (PBMCs) (used as normal cell line model) along with the determination of its effects on induction of apoptosis, inhibition of cancer cell migration and changes in Bcl-2/Bax protein expressions. METHODS: MTT colorimetric bioassay was performed to study the impact of this natural compound on cytotoxicity of both cell types...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332282/investigation-of-morphological-features-of-autophagy-during-plant-programmed-cell-death
#6
Alessio Papini
The investigation of autophagy particularly when observed during programmed cell death (PCD) is strongly based on the morphological features recorded with transmission electron microscope (TEM). Here we describe methods to induce and to inhibit autophagy in plants. Also some tips for obtaining better preservation of biological membranes, crucial for the investigation of autophagy, are provided together with information about plant autophagic mutants, use of antibodies and methods for 3D reconstruction of large membrane-bound objects that are commonly formed during autophagic processes leading to PCD in plants...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331739/determination-of-atomic-scale-chemical-composition-at-semiconductor-heteroepitaxial-interfaces-by-high-resolution-transmission-electron-microscopy
#7
C Wen, Y J Ma
The determination of atomic structures and further quantitative information such as chemical compositions at atomic scale for semiconductor defects or heteroepitaxial interfaces can provide direct evidence to understand their formation, modification, and/or effects on the properties of semiconductor films. The commonly used method, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), suffers from difficulty in acquiring images that correctly show the crystal structure at atomic resolution, because of the limitation in microscope resolution or deviation from the Scherzer-defocus conditions...
January 8, 2018: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331661/effect-of-laf3-ag-fluorescent-nanoparticles-on-photodynamic-efficiency-and-cytotoxicity-of-protoporphyrin-ix-photosensitizer
#8
F Tavakkoli, M Zahedifar, E Sadeghi
LaF3: Ag nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by the co-precipitation method. The produced NPs were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern, scanning electron microscope (SEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The emission spectrum of LaF3:Ag NPs is mostly overlapped with the absorption band of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) and their conjugation was confirmed by studying fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) from LaF3:Ag donor to protoporphyrin IX acceptor...
January 10, 2018: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331620/antagonistic-effect-of-nano-zno-and-cetyltrimethyl-ammonium-chloride-on-the-growth-of-chlorella-vulgaris-dissolution-and-accumulation-of-nano-zno
#9
Na Liu, Yipeng Wang, Fei Ge, Shixiang Liu, Huaixian Xiao
The interaction of nanoparticles with coexisting chemicals affects the fate and transport of nanoparticles, as well as their combined effects on aquatic organisms. Here, we evaluated the joint effect of ZnO nanoparticle (nano-ZnO) and cetyltrimethyl ammonium chloride (CTAC) on the growth of Chlorella vulgaris and explored the possible mechanism. Results showed that an antagonistic effect of nano-ZnO and CTAC (0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 mg L-1) was found because CTAC stop nano-ZnO being broken down into solution zinc ions (Zn2+)...
December 29, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329268/anomaly-detection-in-nanofibrous-materials-by-cnn-based-self-similarity
#10
Paolo Napoletano, Flavio Piccoli, Raimondo Schettini
Automatic detection and localization of anomalies in nanofibrous materials help to reduce the cost of the production process and the time of the post-production visual inspection process. Amongst all the monitoring methods, those exploiting Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) imaging are the most effective. In this paper, we propose a region-based method for the detection and localization of anomalies in SEM images, based on Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) and self-similarity. The method evaluates the degree of abnormality of each subregion of an image under consideration by computing a CNN-based visual similarity with respect to a dictionary of anomaly-free subregions belonging to a training set...
January 12, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329260/effects-of-zr-addition-on-strengthening-mechanisms-of-al-alloyed-high-cr-ods-steels
#11
Jian Ren, Liming Yu, Yongchang Liu, Chenxi Liu, Huijun Li, Jiefeng Wu
Oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) steels with different contents of zirconium (denoted as 16Cr ODS, 16Cr-0.3Zr ODS and 16Cr-0.6Zr ODS) were fabricated to investigate the effects of Zr on strengthening mechanism of Al-alloyed 16Cr ODS steel. Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) results show that the mean grain size of ODS steels could be decreased by Zr addition. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) results indicate that Zr addition could increase the number density but decrease the mean diameter and inter-particle spacing of oxide particles...
January 12, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329206/preparation-of-cu%C3%A2-o-reduced-graphene-nanocomposite-modified-electrodes-towards-ultrasensitive-dopamine-detection
#12
Quanguo He, Jun Liu, Xiaopeng Liu, Guangli Li, Peihong Deng, Jing Liang
Cu₂O-reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite (Cu₂O-RGO) was used to modify glassy carbon electrodes (GCE), and applied for the determination of dopamine (DA). The microstructure of Cu₂O-RGO nanocomposite material was characterized by scanning electron microscope. Then the electrochemical reduction condition for preparing Cu₂O-RGO/GCE and experimental conditions for determining DA were further optimized. The electrochemical behaviors of DA on the bare electrode, RGO- and Cu₂O-RGO-modified electrodes were also investigated using cyclic voltammetry in phosphate-buffered saline solution (PBS, pH 3...
January 12, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328718/charge-catastrophe-and-dielectric-breakdown-during-exposure-of-organic-thin-films-to-low-energy-electron-radiation
#13
A Thete, D Geelen, S J van der Molen, R M Tromp
The effects of exposure to ionizing radiation are central in many areas of science and technology, including medicine and biology. Absorption of UV and soft-x-ray photons releases photoelectrons, followed by a cascade of lower energy secondary electrons with energies down to 0 eV. While these low energy electrons give rise to most chemical and physical changes, their interactions with soft materials are not well studied or understood. Here, we use a low energy electron microscope to expose thin organic resist films to electrons in the range 0-50 eV, and to analyze the energy distribution of electrons returned to the vacuum...
December 29, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328453/aldosterone-is-involved-in-the-pathogenesis-of-obesity-related-glomerulopathy-through-activation-of-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-in-podocytes
#14
Jia-Jia Zhu, Yi-Pu Chen, Min Yang, Bao-Li Liu, Jing Dong, Hong-Rui Dong, Hong-Liang Rui, Hong Cheng
Obesity-related glomerulopathy (ORG) is morphologically characterized by glomerulomegaly with or without observable focal segmental glomerulosclerosis under light microscope, with decreased podocyte density and number, and with increased foot‑process width observed under electron microscope. The severity of podocyte injury is correlated with the degree of proteinuria and renal dysfunction. However, the pathogenesis of ORG is not well understood. The aim of the present study was to explore the possible pathogenic role of aldosterone (ALDO) in ORG...
January 5, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327927/atom-dependent-edge-enhanced-second-harmonic-generation-on-mos2-monolayers
#15
Kuang-I Lin, Yen-Hung Ho, Shu-Bai Liu, Jian-Jhih Ciou, Bo-Ting Huang, Christopher Chen, Han-Ching Chang, Chien-Liang Tu, Chang-Hsiao Chen
Edge morphology and lattice orientation of single-crystal molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) monolayers, a transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD), possessing a triangular shape with different edges grown by chemical vapor deposition are characterized by atomic force microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Multiphoton laser scanning microscopy is utilized to study one-dimensional atomic edges of MoS2 monolayers with localized mid-gap electronic states, which result in greatly enhanced optical second-harmonic generation (SHG)...
January 12, 2018: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327577/interplay-of-interfacial-layers-and-blend-composition-to-reduce-thermal-degradation-of-polymer-solar-cells-at-high-temperature
#16
Sadok Ben Dkhil, Martin Pfannmöller, Rasmus R Schroeder, Riva Alkarsifi, Meriem Gaceur, Wolfgang Köntges, Hamed Heidari, Sara Bals, Olivier Margeat, Jörg Ackermann, Christine Videlot-Ackermann
The thermal stability of printed polymer solar cells at elevated temperatures needs to be improved to achieve high-throughput fabrication including annealing steps as well as long-term stability. During device processing, thermal annealing impact both the organic photoactive layer and the two interfacial layers making detailed studies of degradation mechanism delicate. A recently identified thermally stable PTB7:PC70BM blend as photoactive layer in combination with PEDOT:PSS as hole extraction layer is used here to focus on the impact of electron extraction layer (EEL) on the thermal stability of solar cells...
January 12, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327386/self-healing-of-a-confined-phase-change-memory-device-with-a-metallic-surfactant-layer
#17
Yujun Xie, Wanki Kim, Yerin Kim, Sangbum Kim, Jemima Gonsalves, Matthew BrightSky, Chung Lam, Yu Zhu, Judy J Cha
Understanding and possibly recovering from the failure mechanisms of phase change memories (PCMs) are critical to improving their cycle life. Extensive electrical testing and postfailure electron microscopy analysis have shown that stuck-set failure can be recovered. Here, self-healing of novel confined PCM devices is directly shown by controlling the electromigration of the phase change material at the nanoscale. In contrast to the current mushroom PCM, the confined PCM has a metallic surfactant layer, which enables effective Joule heating to control the phase change material even in the presence of a large void...
January 12, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327089/comparative-efficacy-of-er-cr-ysgg-and-er-yag-lasers-for-etching-of-composite-for-orthodontic-bracket-bonding
#18
Amir Hossein Mirhashemi, Nasim Chiniforush, Nastaran Sharifi, Amir Mehdi Hosseini
Several techniques have been proposed to obtain a durable bond, and the efficacy of these techniques is assessed by measuring parameters such as bond strength. Laser has provided a bond strength as high as that of acid etching in vitro and has simpler use with shorter clinical time compared to acid etching. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG lasers for etching and bonding of composite to orthodontic brackets. No previous study has evaluated the effect of these particular types of laser...
January 11, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327003/carbon-dots-as-absorbance-promoter-probes-for-detection-of-cu-ii-ions-in-aqueous-solution-central-composite-design-approach
#19
S A R Shahamirifard, M Ghaedi, M Montazerozohori, A Masoudiasl
In this work, the use of carbon dots (CDs) as a complexing agent and sensitizer in a polymeric matrix for determination of copper(ii) by UV-vis spectroscopy is reported for the first time. A new and highly selective Schiff base, namely, (N',N'''E,N',N'''E)-N',N'''-((((2-hydroxypropane-1,3-diyl)bis(oxy))bis(2,1-phenylene))bis(methan-ylylidene))di(isonicotinohydrazide) (NHBMDI), was also incorporated in the polymeric matrix. For the first time, the membrane composition of the proposed optical sensor including NHBMDI as the ionophore, tetraphenylborate (NaTPB) as the anionic additive, dibutyl phthalate (DBP) as the plasticizer and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) as the immobilizer was optimized through central composite design combined with the desirability function approach (DFA) because this method saves material and time consumption and is therefore cost effective...
January 12, 2018: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326515/scanning-electron-microscopic-evaluation-of-efficacy-of-17-ethylenediaminetetraacetic-acid-and-chitosan-for-smear-layer-removal-with-ultrasonics-an-in-vitro-study
#20
Aradhana Babu Kamble, Sathish Abraham, Deepak Dadarao Kakde, C Shashidhar, Disha Lalit Mehta
Introduction: The main aim of root canal treatment is cleaning, shaping and then obturating three dimensionally to prevent reinfection. This includes chemicomechanical cleansing by instrumentation and the use of irrigating solutions. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the smear layer removal from root canal dentine subjected to two root canal irrigants, 17% EDTA and 0.2% Chitosan, a new irrigant using Scanning Electron Microscope. Methodology: 40 single rooted premolars were decoronated followed by instrumentation with I Race files and intermediate irrigation with 3% sodium hypochlorite and activation with ultrasonics...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
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