Read by QxMD icon Read

electron microscope

Seokho Kim, Do Hyoung Kim, Jinho Choi, Hojin Lee, Sun-Young Kim, Jung Woon Park, Dong Hyuk Park
We report the growth and nanoscale luminescence characteristics of 8-hydroxyquinolinato aluminum (Alq₃) with a crystalline hexagonal column morphology. Pristine Alq₃ nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared using a conventional reprecipitation method. Crystal hexagonal columns of Alq₃ were grown by using a surfactant-assisted self-assembly technique as an adjunct to the aforementioned reprecipitation method. The formation and structural properties of the crystalline and non-crystalline Alq₃ NPs were analyzed with scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction...
March 22, 2018: Materials
Takaya Handa, Hiroko Kakita, Yu Tateishi, Tomomi Endo, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Toshiro Katayama, Tatsuo Tsukamoto, Eri Muso
BACKGROUND: IgA-dominant infection-related glomerulonephritis (IgA-IRGN) is a unique form of IRGN, which needs to be distinguished from IgA nephropathy (IgAN). METHODS: Thirteen patients with IgA-IRGN (IgA-IRGN group) and 122 with IgAN (IgAN group) were selected from 1788 patients who underwent kidney biopsy between 2000 and 2015 in Kitano Hospital. Data selected included clinical and serological parameters; light and electron microscope findings; immunofluorescence findings; and prognostic parameters like renal and overall survival and creatinine increase by > 50%...
March 21, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
Sijo Francis, Ebey P Koshy, Beena Mathew
Plant-extract mediated nanoparticles synthesis is a viable alternative to chemical reduction techniques. Here, we report the microwave-assisted rapid synthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles by the phytoreducer Stereospermum suaveolens for the first time. The formation of the nascent silver and gold nanoparticles is confirmed by their intense surface plasmon resonance peaks at 431 and 585 nm in UV-visible spectroscopy. The poly phenolic and alcoholic functional groups present in the aqueous root bark extract that performed the bioreduction processes have been detected using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy...
March 21, 2018: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Dan Zhao, James Kit-Hon Tsoi, Hai Ming Wong, Chun Hung Chu, Jukka P Matinlinna
This study investigated the softening and erosive effects of various paediatric over-the-counter (OTC) oral liquids on deciduous teeth. Twenty sectioned and polished deciduous enamel blocks were ground on the buccal surface (2 × 2 mm²) and randomly divided into five groups, immersed into four commercially-available paediatric OTC oral liquids (two for paracetamol, both sugared; and two for chlorpheniramine, one sugared and one sugar-free), with deionized water as control. The pH of the oral liquids ranged from 2...
May 11, 2017: Dent J (Basel)
Alaa A A Aljabali, Yazan Akkam, Mazhar Salim Al Zoubi, Khalid M Al-Batayneh, Bahaa Al-Trad, Osama Abo Alrob, Alaaldin M Alkilany, Mourad Benamara, David J Evans
(1) Background: There is a growing need for the development of new methods for the synthesis of nanoparticles. The interest in such particles has raised concerns about the environmental safety of their production methods; (2) Objectives: The current methods of nanoparticle production are often expensive and employ chemicals that are potentially harmful to the environment, which calls for the development of "greener" protocols. Herein we describe the synthesis of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) using plant extracts, which offers an alternative, efficient, inexpensive, and environmentally friendly method to produce well-defined geometries of nanoparticles; (3) Methods: The phytochemicals present in the aqueous leaf extract acted as an effective reducing agent...
March 19, 2018: Nanomaterials
Bulei Sheng, Lotte Bach Larsen, Thao T Le, Di Zhao
α-Dicarbonyl compounds, which are widely generated during sugar fragmentation and oil oxidation, are important precursors of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). In this study, the effect of glycation derived from glyoxal (GO), methylglyoxal (MGO) and diacetyl (DA) on the in vitro digestibility of bovine serum albumin (BSA) was investigated. Glycation from α-dicarbonyl compounds reduced digestibility of BSA in both gastric and intestinal stage of digestion according to measurement of degree of hydrolysis...
March 21, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Lucie Matouskova, Michal Ackermann, Jana Horakova, Lukas Capek, Petr Henys, Jiri Safka
The study investigates the potential for producing medical components via Selective Laser Melting technology (SLM). The material tested consisted of the biocompatible titanium alloy Ti6Al4V. The research involved the testing of laboratory specimens produced using SLM technology both in vitro and for surface roughness. The aim of the research was to clarify whether SLM technology affects the cytocompatibility of implants and, thus, whether SLM implants provide suitable candidates for medical use following zero or minimum post-fabrication treatment...
March 21, 2018: Expert Review of Medical Devices
Irina Turku, Timo Kärki, Ari Puurtinen
The influence of accelerated weathering, xenon-arc light and freeze-thaw cycling on wood plastic composites extruded from a recycled plastic was studied. The results showed that, in general, weathering had a stronger impact on samples made from plastic waste compared to a sample made from virgin material. After weathering, the mechanical properties, tensile and flexural, were reduced by 2-30%, depending on the plastic source. Wettability of the samples was shown to play a significant role in their stability...
March 2018: Heliyon
Xian-Qin Luo, Ao Li, Xue Yang, Xiao Xiao, Rong Hu, Tian-Wen Wang, Xiao-Yun Dou, Da-Jian Yang, Zhi Dong
Background: Cerebral hypoperfusion is a pivotal risk factor for vascular dementia (VD), for which effective therapy remains inadequate. Persistent inflammatory responses and excessive chemotaxis of microglia/macrophages in the brain may accelerate the progression of VD. Endocannabinoids are involved in neuronal protection against inflammation-induced neuronal injury. Cannabinoids acting at cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2 R) can decrease inflammation. Based on the identification of paeoniflorin (PF) as a CB2 R agonist, we investigated the neuroprotective and microglia/macrophages M1 to M2 polarization promoting effects of PF in a permanent four-vessel occlusion rat model...
2018: Chinese Medicine
Min Yang, Shuang Xie, Vishnu Prasad Adhikari, Yu Dong, Yonghong Du, Dairong Li
It is difficult to effectively eradicate C. albicans using traditional antifungal agents, mainly because the low permeability of the C. albicans cell wall creates strong drug resistance. The aim of this study was to investigate the synergistic fungicidal effect and the underlying mechanisms of low-frequency and low-intensity ultrasound combined with a treatment of amphotericin B-loaded nanoparticles (AmB-NPs) against C. albicans. AmB-NPs were prepared by a poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) double emulsion method...
March 17, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Tomasz Tański, Wiktor Matysiak
The purpose of this paper was to produce SiO₂ and TiO₂ nanowires via the electrospinning process from a polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)/Tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS)/Titanium (IV) butoxide (TNBT)/dimethylformamide (DMF) and ethanol (EtOH) solution. The as-obtained nanofibers were calcined at temperatures ranging from 400 °C to 600 °C in order to remove the organic phase. The one-dimensional ceramic nanostructures were studied using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and a transmission electron microscope (TEM) to analyze the influence of the used temperature on the morphology and structures of the obtained ceramic nanomaterials...
March 20, 2018: Nanomaterials
Chunjie Gong, Hao Tu, Changjun Wu, Jianhua Wang, Xuping Su
An hypereutectic Al-18Si alloy was modified via an Al-3B master alloy. The effect of the added Al-3B and the modification temperature on the microstructure, tensile fracture morphologies, and mechanical properties of the alloy were investigated using an optical microscope, Image-Pro Plus 6.0, a scanning electron microscope, and a universal testing machine. The results show that the size of the primary Si and its fraction decreased at first, and then increased as an additional amount of Al-3B was added. When the added Al-3B reached 0...
March 20, 2018: Materials
Zahra Heidari, Ali Salehzadeh, Seyed Ataollah Sadat Shandiz, Sara Tajdoost
This study highlights the anti-oxidant and anti-cancer activities of bio-functionalized Thymus vulgaris silver nanoparticles (TVAgNPs) and bioactive compounds were compared using the human breast cancer T47D cell line. The aqueous ethanolic extract of T. vulgaris evaluated for chemical composition using the gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS) analysis. The prepared TVAgNPs were determined by means of UV-Vis spectroscopy, FTIR spectroscopy, zeta potential, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and energy-dispersed spectroscopy analysis...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Tang Gao, Hongliang Zeng, Huan Xu, Feng Gao, Wei Li, Shengwang Zhang, Yi Liu, Guifang Luo, Mingdan Li, Dejian Jiang, Zhigao Chen, Yong Wu, Wei Wang, Wenbin Zeng
Background: Increasing bacterial infections as well as a rise in bacterial resistance call for the development of novel and safe antimicrobial agents without inducing bacterial resistance. Nanoparticles (NPs) present some advantages in treating bacterial infections and provide an alternative strategy to discover new antibiotics. Here, we report the development of novel self-assembled fluorescent organic nanoparticles ( FONs ) with excellent antibacterial efficacy and good biocompatibility. Methods: Self-assembly of 1-(12-(pyridin-1-ium-1-yl)dodecyl)-4-(1,4,5-triphenyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl)pyridin-1-ium (TPIP) in aqueous solution was investigated using dynamic light scattering (DLS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM)...
2018: Theranostics
Nils M Freitag, Tobias Reisch, Larisa A Chizhova, Péter Nemes-Incze, Christian Holl, Colin R Woods, Roman V Gorbachev, Yang Cao, Andre K Geim, Kostya S Novoselov, Joachim Burgdörfer, Florian Libisch, Markus Morgenstern
Coherent manipulation of the binary degrees of freedom is at the heart of modern quantum technologies. Graphene offers two binary degrees: the electron spin and the valley. Efficient spin control has been demonstrated in many solid-state systems, whereas exploitation of the valley has only recently been started, albeit without control at the single-electron level. Here, we show that van der Waals stacking of graphene onto hexagonal boron nitride offers a natural platform for valley control. We use a graphene quantum dot induced by the tip of a scanning tunnelling microscope and demonstrate valley splitting that is tunable from -5 to +10 meV (including valley inversion) by sub-10-nm displacements of the quantum dot position...
March 19, 2018: Nature Nanotechnology
Ruyi Li, Fu Guiming Fu, Chengmei Liu, Yin Wan, Shaoman Wang, Ting Liu
Using amino-functionalised chitosan-coated magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3 O4 -CS nanoparticles) as carrier, immobilised tannase from Aspergillus niger was prepared through a glutaraldehyde conjugate. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and thermo-gravimetric analysis showed that chitosan was covalently attached to the surface of magnetic nanoparticles. Transmission electron microscopic images indicated that the synthesised nanoparticles (Fe3 O4 -CS) were almost spherical or ellipsoidal with an average diameter of 5...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Reza Abazari, Ali Reza Mahjoub, Soheila Molaie, Fatemeh Ghaffarifar, Ezatollah Ghasemi, Alexandra M Z Slawin, Cameron L Carpenter-Warren
In this work, a magnetic bio-metal-organic framework (MBMOF) nanocomposite with porous-layer open morphology is synthesized through a simple sonochemical approach and its effects on Leishmania major (MRHO/IR/75/ER) under both in vitro and in vivo conditions are investigated. The effects of sonication time, initial concentration of reagents and sonication power on size and morphology of MBMOF nanocomposites have been investigated and optimized. A comparison was then made between the structural information of the nanostructures and that of the bio-metal-organic framework crystals...
May 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Tridip Phukan, Amar Nath Rai, Mayashree B Syiem
With the intention of getting an insight into the differential effect of UV-C radiation on the N2 -fixing heterocystous cyanobacterium Nostoc muscorum Meg1, various aspects of carbon and nitrogen metabolism was evaluated in the organism. Exposure to different doses of UV-C (6, 12, 18 and 24 mJ/cm2 ) showed that among various photo-absorbing pigments, phycobiliproteins were most sensitive. Oxygen evolving complex (OEC) activity measured as net oxygen evolution rate decreased by 63% upon 24 mJ/cm2 exposure...
July 15, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
W Verhoeven, J F M van Rens, E R Kieft, P H A Mutsaers, O J Luiten
Ultrashort, low-emittance electron pulses can be created at a high repetition rate by using a TM110 deflection cavity to sweep a continuous beam across an aperture. These pulses can be used for time-resolved electron microscopy with atomic spatial and temporal resolution at relatively large average currents. In order to demonstrate this, a cavity has been inserted in a transmission electron microscope, and picosecond pulses have been created. No significant increase of either emittance or energy spread has been measured for these pulses...
March 10, 2018: Ultramicroscopy
A Scholl, M A Marcus, A Doran, J R Nasiatka, A T Young, A A MacDowell, R Streubel, N Kent, J Feng, W Wan, H A Padmore
Aberration correction by an electron mirror dramatically improves the spatial resolution and transmission of photoemission electron microscopes. We will review the performance of the recently installed aberration corrector of the X-ray Photoemission Electron Microscope PEEM-3 and show a large improvement in the efficiency of the electron optics. Hartmann testing is introduced as a quantitative method to measure the geometrical aberrations of a cathode lens electron microscope. We find that aberration correction leads to an order of magnitude reduction of the spherical aberrations, suggesting that a spatial resolution of below 100 nm is possible at 100% transmission of the optics when using x-rays...
March 10, 2018: Ultramicroscopy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"