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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213254/chips-how-to-build-and-implement-fluidic-devices-in-flow-based-systems
#1
Víctor Cerdà, Jessica Avivar, Daniel Moreno
The development of automatic analyzers based on flow techniques involves the use and continuous innovation of fluidic devices. New trends tend toward miniaturization of sophisticated fluidic platforms requiring continuous advances in this field. The availability of a mechanic and electronic workshop together with the know-how to build new fluidic devices provides the tools for the creation of innovative instrumentation and stimulates the creativity of analytical chemists. Thus, in this review we present how to build and use flow-based fluidic devices, together with the tools required, such as computerized controlled lathes, milling machines, laser engraver machines, low-temperature co-fired ceramics technology and 3D printers, highlighting their strong and weak points...
May 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213184/forensic-applications-fluorescence-properties-of-tooth-coloured-restorative-materials-using-a-fluorescence-dslr-camera
#2
Ramya Kiran, James Chapman, Alexander Forrest, Marc Tennant, Laurence J Walsh
The objective of this study was to compare the fluorescence properties of dry and wet samples of contemporary tooth-coloured restorative materials using a fluorescence based DSLR camera and a variety of LEDs emitting different wavelengths of visible light as excitation sources. The materials examined included resin composites; ceramics and hybrid restorative materials such as ormocers, Vita Enamic™ and resin reinforced glass-ionomer cements. The levels of fluorescence for each sample under different combinations of incident light wavelengths and filters was analysed by using histogram data for colour channels from Adobe Photoshop software...
February 3, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212978/a-systematic-review-of-the-survival-and-complication-rates-of-inlay-retained-fixed-dental-prostheses
#3
REVIEW
Junyu Chen, He Cai, Lai Suo, Yiyuan Xue, Jian Wang, Qianbing Wan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the survival and complication rates of inlay-retainer fixed dental prostheses (IRFDPs). DATA/SOURCES: A systematic search was conducted in the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases in English and time filters (articles published from 1960) were used. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trails (RCTs), controlled clinical trials (CCTs) and prospective cohort studies on IRFDPs with a mean follow-up period of at least 2 years were included...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211998/nanojoint-formation-between-ceramic-titanate-nanowires-and-spot-melting-of-metal-nanowires-with-electron-beam
#4
Arixin Bo, Jose Alarco, Huaiyong Zhu, Eric R Waclawik, Haifei Zhan, YuanTong Gu
Construction of nano-architectures requires techniques like joint formation and trimming. For ceramic materials, however, it is extremely difficult to form nanojoints by conventional methods like merging. In this work, we demonstrate that ceramic titanate nanowires (NWs) can be joined by spot melting under electron beam (e-beam) irradiation (EBI). The irradiation fuses the contacted spot of titanate NWs yielding an intact nanojoint. Nanojoints with different morphologies can be produced. The joint structures consist of titanium dioxide (TiO2) rutile, anatase and titanate phases in direction away from the e-beam melting spot...
February 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211466/local-self-uniformity-in-photonic-networks
#5
Steven R Sellers, Weining Man, Shervin Sahba, Marian Florescu
The interaction of a material with light is intimately related to its wavelength-scale structure. Simple connections between structure and optical response empower us with essential intuition to engineer complex optical functionalities. Here we develop local self-uniformity (LSU) as a measure of a random network's internal structural similarity, ranking networks on a continuous scale from crystalline, through glassy intermediate states, to chaotic configurations. We demonstrate that complete photonic bandgap structures possess substantial LSU and validate LSU's importance in gap formation through design of amorphous gyroid structures...
February 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209274/long-term-durability-of-ceramic-tri-condylar-knee-implants-a-minimum-15-year-follow-up
#6
Shinichiro Nakamura, Hiromu Ito, Kenji Nakamura, Shinichi Kuriyama, Moritoshi Furu, Shuichi Matsuda
BACKGROUND: Ceramic bearings are not commonly used in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). So far, little information is available about whether long-term survivorship and good clinical outcomes can be ensured with ceramic knee implants. The purposes of the present study were to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes, and to assess the long-term durability of a ceramic tri-condylar implant. METHODS: A total of 507 consecutive TKAs were carried out using a ceramic tri-condylar femoral implant...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209033/in-vitro-investigation-of-bioactive-glass-ceramic-composites-based-on-biogenic-hydroxyapatite-or-synthetic-calcium-phosphates
#7
Nataliia Pinchuk, Oleksandr Parkhomey, Olena Sych
This in vitro investigation of the behavior of two types of calcium phosphate glass ceramics on the basis of phosphates of biogenic or synthetic origin prepared from initial mixtures with different particle size has revealed that some different factors affect the behavior, namely the phase composition of composite, fraction of open porosity, and average diameter of pore channels. It was established that the solubility of the composites on the basis of synthetic calcium phosphates and glass after 2 and 7 days contact with saline composites is the highest among the materials under study...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209008/effect-of-resin-bonded-luting-agents-influencing-marginal-discrepancy-in-all-ceramic-complete-veneer-crowns
#8
Dhanraj Ganapathy, Anusha Sathyamoorthy, Hemalatha Ranganathan, Karthikeyan Murthykumar
INTRODUCTION: Marginal discrepancy severely affects the long term success of All ceramic complete veneer crowns. The precise role of resin luting agents influencing this phenomenon needs to be explored further. AIM: To estimate and compare the marginal discrepancy in CAD/CAM processed All ceramic complete veneer crowns prior and following luting with resin bonded luting agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Extracted human maxillary first premolars were randomly allocated into four groups of 27 samples each Viz...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208994/comparison-of-the-load-deflection-characteristics-of-aesthetic-and-conventional-super-elastic-ni-ti-orthodontic-arch-wires-in-conventional-and-metal-insert-ceramic-brackets
#9
Hosseinagha Aghili, Soghra Yassaei, Neda Joshan, Nemat Hoseini
INTRODUCTION: Coated arch wires and ceramic brackets have been introduced to improve aesthetics during orthodontic treatment. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of coating on the physical properties of aesthetic orthodontic wires. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Five round wires (0.016 inch) were obtained from each of three brands: conventional uncoated super elastic Nickel Titanium (Ni-Ti) (Rematitian Lite; Dentaurum, Ispringen, Germany), HUBIT (Teflon Coated, Korea), G&H (Epoxy Coated, Greenwood, Indiana, USA) which belonged to maxillary arch...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208270/ceramic-based-multisite-platinum-microelectrode-arrays-morphological-characteristics-and-electrochemical-performance-for-extracellular-oxygen-measurements-in-brain-tissue
#10
Ana Ledo, Cátia F Lourenço, João Laranjinha, Christopher M A Brett, Greg A Gerhardt, Rui M Barbosa
Ceramic-based multisite Pt microelectrode arrays (MEAs) were characterized for their basic electrochemical characteristics and used for in vivo measurements of oxygen with high resolution in the brain extracellular space. The microelectrode array sites showed a very smooth surface mainly composed of thin-film polycrystalline Pt, with some apparent nanoscale roughness that was not translated into an increased electrochemical active surface area. The electrochemical cyclic voltammetric behavior was characteristic of bulk Pt in both acidic and neutral media...
February 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205559/crystalline-structure-defect-chemistry-and-room-temperature-colossal-permittivity-of-nd-doped-barium-titanate
#11
Qiaomei Sun, Qilin Gu, Kongjun Zhu, Rongying Jin, Jinsong Liu, Jing Wang, Jinhao Qiu
Dielectric materials with high permittivity are strongly demanded for various technological applications. While polarization inherently exists in ferroelectric barium titanate (BaTiO3), its high permittivity can only be achieved by chemical and/or structural modification. Here, we report the room-temperature colossal permittivity (~760,000) obtained in xNd: BaTiO3 (x = 0.5 mol%) ceramics derived from the counterpart nanoparticles followed by conventional pressureless sintering process. Through the systematic analysis of chemical composition, crystalline structure and defect chemistry, the substitution mechanism involving the occupation of Nd(3+) in Ba(2+) -site associated with the generation of Ba vacancies and oxygen vacancies for charge compensation has been firstly demonstrated...
February 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199184/biphasic-organo-bioceramic-fibrous-composite-as-a-biomimetic-extracellular-matrix-for-bone-tissue-regeneration
#12
Sanjay Kumar, James A Stokes Iii, Derrick Dean, Christian Rogers, Elijah Nyairo, Vinoy Thomas, Manoj K Mishra
In bone tissue engineering, the organo-ceramic composite, electrospun polycaprolactone/hydroxyapatite (PCL/HA) scaffold has the potential to support cell proliferation, migration, differentiation, and homeostasis. Here, we report the effect of PCL/HA scaffold in tissue regeneration using human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). We characterized the scaffold by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and assessed its biocompatibility...
March 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198985/cell-aggregation-enhances-bone-formation-by-human-mesenchymal-stromal-cells
#13
A Chatterjea, V L LaPointe, A Barradas, H Garritsen, H Yuan, A Renard, C A van Blitterswijk, J de Beor
The amount of bone generated using current tissue engineering approaches is insufficient for many clinical applications. Previous in vitro studies suggest that culturing cells as 3D aggregates can enhance their osteogenic potential, but the effect on bone formation in vivo is unknown. Here, we use agarose wells to generate uniformly sized mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) aggregates. When combined with calcium phosphate ceramic particles and a gel prepared from human platelet-rich plasma, we generated a tissue engineered construct which significantly improved in vivo bone forming capacity as compared to the conventional system of using single cells seeded directly on the ceramic surface...
February 15, 2017: European Cells & Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198977/degree-of-conversion-and-bond-strength-of-resin-cements-to-feldspathic-ceramic-using-different-curing-modes
#14
Veridiana Resende Novais, Luís Henrique Araújo Raposo, Rafael Resende de Miranda, Camila de Carvalho Almança Lopes, Paulo Cézar Simamoto, Carlos José Soares
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the performance of resin cements when different curing modes are used, by evaluating the degree of conversion and bond strength to a ceramic substrate. Material and Methods: Three resin cements were evaluated, two dual-cured (Variolink II and RelyX ARC) and one light-cured (Variolink Veneer). The dual-cured resin cements were tested by using the dual activation mode (base and catalyst) and light-activation mode (base paste only)...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196168/treatment-concept-for-a-patient-with-a-high-smile-line-and-gingival-pigmentation-a-case-report
#15
Fernando Zarone, Renato Leone, Marco Ferrari, Roberto Sorrentino
Today, innovative restorative materials and techniques allow for minimally invasive prosthetic procedures, which are paramount to the preservation of hard and soft dental tissues. An integrated approach combining dental and esthetic medical therapies could be useful to improve the quality of life of patients, improving function, esthetics, and self-confidence. Oral esthetics depends on several variables, including tooth visibility and proportions as well as healthy gingival tissues. Proper integration between teeth and periodontal tissues plays an important role in esthetic success, which is mainly represented by an appealing smile...
March 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196165/effect-of-cervical-collar-removal-on-the-fracture-load-of-anterior-zirconia-crowns
#16
Fernanda Campos, Mayra Cardoso, Renata Marques de Melo, Marco Antonio Bottino, Rodrigo Oa Souza
The objective of this study was to assess the influence of the extension of collar and fatigue cycling on the fracture load of anterior zirconia crowns. A total of 60 anterior full-crown preparations (central incisor) were machined in glass fiber-filled epoxy resin. Zirconia copings were designed and milled using computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacture (thickness: buccal = 0.62 mm, lingual = 0.65 mm, incisal = 0.72 mm). The cervical collars (occlusogingival height = 0.8 mm, buccolingual width = 1...
March 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195275/bond-strengths-of-orthodontic-metal-brackets-to-tribochemically-silica-coated-zirconia-surfaces-using-different-10-methacryloyloxydecyl-dihydrogen-phosphate-containing-primers
#17
Na-Hyun Kim, Yoon-Ji Kim, Dong-Yul Lee
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of tribochemical silica coating and different 10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (MDP)-containing primers on the shear bond strength (SBS) of orthodontic metal brackets to yttrium-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP) surfaces. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred ninety polished Y-TZP specimens were randomly assigned to 19 groups (n = 10): 30 specimens were used for surface analyses after polishing with 600-grit silicon carbide paper, airborneparticle abrasion with 50-μm alumina (A), or tribochemical silica coating (CoJet [C]); 160 specimens were used in SBS testing of orthodontic metal brackets to Y-TZP after alumina airborne-particle abrasion or tribochemical silica coating and application of either ESPE-Sil (S) (ASn, ASa, CSn, CSa), Alloy Primer (AP) (AAPn, AAPa, CAPn, CAPa), Clearfil Ceramic Primer (CP) (ACPn, ACPa, CCPn, CCPa), or Scotchbond Universal (U) (AUn, AUa, CUn, CUa) and either stored in water for 24 h (non-aged, n) or thermocycled 5000 times (aged, a)...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195271/recent-trends-in-surface-treatment-methods-for-bonding-composite-cement-to-zirconia-a-reveiw
#18
Aftab Ahmed Khan, Abdul Aziz A Al Kheraif, Syed Jamaluddin, Mohamad Elsharawy, Darshan Devang Divakar
PURPOSE: To evaluate the in vitro studies conducted in the last six years on new zirconia materials to discover and explore current trends in bonding composite cement to zirconia substrate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An in-depth review of the in vitro studies performed between 2010 and 2016 was conducted, focusing on the current trends in surface conditioning methods for zirconia ceramic. PubMed was used for searching the literature. Resin composite bonding to zirconia, zirconia surface coating, and zirconia surface treatment method were the keywords used...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195190/modeling-of-amorphous-sicxo6-5-by-classical-molecular-dynamics-and-first-principles-calculations
#19
Ningbo Liao, Miao Zhang, Hongming Zhou, Wei Xue
Polymer-derived silicon oxycarbide (SiCO) presents excellent performance for high temperature and lithium-ion battery applications. Current experiments have provided some information on nano-structure of SiCO, while it is very challenging for experiments to take further insight into the molecular structure and its relationship with properties of materials. In this work, molecular dynamics (MD) based on empirical potential and first principle calculation were combined to investigate amorphous SiCxO6/5 ceramics...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194358/effect-of-adhesive-luting-on-the-fracture-resistance-of-zirconia-compared-to-that-of-composite-resin-and-lithium-disilicate-glass-ceramic
#20
Myung-Jin Lim, Kwang-Won Lee
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of adhesive luting on the fracture resistance of zirconia compared to that of a composite resin and a lithium disilicate glass ceramic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The specimens (dimension: 2 mm × 2 mm × 25 mm) of the composite resin, lithium disilicate glass ceramic, and yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP) were prepared. These were then divided into nine groups: three non-luting groups, three non-adhesive luting groups, and three adhesive luting groups, for each restorative material...
February 2017: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
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