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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050417/influence-of-swimming-time-in-alleviating-the-deleterious-effects-of-hot-summer-on-growing-muscovy-duck-performance
#1
Mohamed F A Farghly, Khalid M Mahrose, Zafar Ullah, Zaib Ur Rehman, Chan Ding
This experiment was conducted to observe the effects of varying swimming times (ST) of Muscovy ducks, raised in an open-sided house, in alleviating the deleterious effects of high temperature in hotter times of the day in the summer season on growth performance (body weight, average daily gain, feed consumption, and feed conversion ratio), carcass characteristics, body temperature, and some health aspects. We hypothesized that swimming times during the hottest periods of the day would show different performances...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050187/-cytokine-analysis-of-aqueous-humor-in-aids-patients
#2
W J Kong, C G Guo, L Y Xie, W B Wei, H W Dong, C Chen, K F Du
Objective: To explore the Cytokine of aqueous humor in AIDS patients with different eye diseases. Methods: A case-control study including 38 patients who was diagnosed as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(AIDS) at Infectious Center and Department of Ophthalmology in Beijing You'an Hospital, Capital Medical University. And 16 cases of 38 patients were cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMVR), 14 cases were HIV-related retinal disease, and 8 cases presented as normal. A series of tests were performed including vision acuity check, intraocular pressure, fundus photography, blood cell count of CD4+ T lymphocyte and the content of cytokines in aqueous humor by Luminex 200(TM) liquid chip analyzer...
October 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050183/-the-diagnostic-investigations-should-be-efficient-for-patients-with-uveitis
#3
M F Zhang
Uveitis is a common and etiologically complex disease. The diagnosis of uveitis is mainly based on clinical findings, and no ancillary test is needed for diagnosis of the most common uveitis entities in China. Ancillary tests, however, are needed to identify the underlying cause when the clinical presentation points to some specific disease entity, and when infectious uveitis or masquerade syndrome is suspected. A variety of ophthalmic imaging techniques and laboratory tests analyzing blood or intraocular fluid are currently available for etiological identification in uveitis as well as for disease follow-up...
October 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050178/-detection-and-clinical-significance-of-circulating-tumor-cells-in-patients-with-colorectal-carcinoma
#4
D Wang, Y C Yang, H W Yao, L Jin, J Wang, Z G Bai, Z T Zhang
Objective: To detect circulating tumor cells (CTC) in patients with colorectal carcinoma and to evaluate the relationship among CTC, clinic-pathological characteristics and prognosis of colorectal carcinoma. Methods: Peripheral blood samples were obtained from 109 patients with colorectal carcinoma in Department of General Surgery, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from April 2014 to October 2016. There were 60 male and 49 female patients, aging from 33 to 86 years with a mean age of (65±10) years...
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050174/-effects-of-modified-three-step-procedure-for-anatrophic-nephrolithotomy-in-the-treatment-of-complex-staghorn-renal-calculi
#5
C L Yang, W Wang, W E Zhou, Y P Xue, B Q Wang, H B Nie, W L Hu
Objective: To investigate the effects of modified three-step procedure for anatrophic nephrolithotomy in the treatment of complex staghorn renal calculi. Methods: A total of 22 patients with complex staghorn renal calculi between June 2013 and June 2016 at Department of Urology in Guangzhou General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command were retrospective analyzed. There were 13 males and 9 females, ranging from 35 to 62 years old with mean age of 47 years. There were 17 patients with dull pain, and 5 patients who were found through physical examinations...
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050172/-the-impact-to-operation-safety-of-preoperative-renal-artery-embolization-for-management-of-diameter%C3%A2-10-cm-renal-cell-carcinoma
#6
Z Jia, X S Li, C J Zhang, K W Yang, D Peng, J H Yang, C M Ding, C G Xi, Z S He, L Q Zhou
Objective: To study the impact to operation safety of preoperative renal artery embolization for management of ≥10 cm renal cell carcinoma. Methods: The clinical data of 239 cases with ≥10 cm renal cell carcinoma which all had underwent operation in Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital from January 2002 to December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Fifty-three patients underwent preoperative renal artery embolization (therapeutic group) and 186 patients did not (control group). The effect of embolization on operative time, transfusion requirements, hospitalization, ICU stay and perioperative complications were analyzed by comparing the two groups using rank sum test and χ(2) test or Fisher exact test...
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050168/-clinical-effectiveness-of-pleural-abrasion-in-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-for-bullae-resection
#7
T Qiao, P Y Gao, X X Lü, M Y Chen, L Wei
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of pleural abrasion in treatment of spontaneous pneumothorax with video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for bullae resection. Methods: The clinical data of 158 patients with initial spontaneous pneumothorax who underwent video-assisted thoracic wedge resections with or without pleural abrasion in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from June 2010 to June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were assigned to two equal groups according to whether pleural abrasion was applied or not: experimental group (with pleural abrasion) and control group (without pleural abrasion); and there were 79 patients in each group...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050039/cardiac-autonomic-dysfunction-in-offspring-of-hypertensive-parents-during-exercise
#8
Leonardo Barbosa de Almeida, Tiago Peçanha, Pedro Augusto de Carvalho Mira, Livia Victorino de Souza, Lílian Pinto da Silva, Daniel Godoy Martinez, Isabelle Magalhães Guedes Freitas, Mateus Camaroti Laterza
Offspring of hypertensive parents present autonomic dysfunction at rest and during physiological maneuvers. However, the cardiac autonomic modulation during exercise remains unknown. This study tested whether the cardiac autonomic modulation would be reduced in offspring of hypertensive parents during exercise. Fourteen offspring of hypertensive and 14 offspring of normotensive individuals were evaluated. The groups were matched by age (24.5±1.0 vs. 26.6±1.5 years; p=0.25) and BMI (22.8±0.6 vs. 24.2±1.0 kg/m(2); p=0...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049976/sodium-valproate-enhances-doxorubicin-induced-cognitive-dysfunction-in-wistar-rats
#9
Thaneshwar Verma, Sanchari Basu Mallik, G V Ramalingayya, Pawan G Nayak, Anoop Kishore, K Sreedhara R Pai, Krishnadas Nandakumar
BACKGROUND: Increasing number of scientific reports have highlighted the role of histone acetylation/deacetylation in neurodegenerative conditions, including chemotherapy-induced cognitive dysfunction (also known as chemobrain). Multiple sources state that increased activity of histone deacetylases (HDACs) play a detrimental role in chemobrain. In the present study, sodium valproate, a well-known HDAC inhibitor, was explored for its neuroprotective potential against chemobrain development...
October 16, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049949/rhinovirus-viremia-in-adult-patients-with-high-viral-load-in-bronchoalveolar-lavages
#10
Anneloes L Van Rijn, Eric C Claas, Peter A von dem Borne, Aloys C M Kroes, Jutte J C de Vries
BACKGROUND: In children, rhinovirus viremia has been associated with higher nasopharyngeal loads and increase in severity of clinical signs and symptoms. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to detect rhinovirus viremia in adult patients and to establish potential correlations with the clinical course. STUDY DESIGN: Adult patients with rhinovirus strongly positive bronchoalveolar lavages (BAL, quantitation cycle, Cq values <25) detected between 2008 and 2014 were studied retrospectively...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049914/t-2-toxin-induces-cytotoxicity-and-disrupts-tight-junction-barrier-in-serw3-cells
#11
Elif Karacaoğlu, Güldeniz Selmanoğlu
T-2 toxin, which is produced in grain and grain products as a secondary metabolite by Fusarium species, is also potentially dangerous for human health. Up to date, no study was reported the cytotoxicity of T-2 toxin on SerW3 cells in the perspective of junctional barriers. This study focused on revealing the cytotoxic effects of T-2 on Sertoli cells associated with cell junctional barriers. In the present study, SerW3 cells were exposed to T-2 toxin at 12, 120 and 1200ng/ml doses for 24 and 48h. Cytotoxicity tests including cell viability (MTT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) cytotoxicity test and trypan blue exclusion assay were performed...
October 12, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049890/dna-methylation-signatures-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-from-a-lifestyle-intervention-for-women-at-midlife-a-pilot-rct
#12
Lisa M McEwen, Evan G Gatev, Meaghan J Jones, Julia L MacIsaac, Megan M McAllister, Rebecca E Goulding, Kenneth M Madden, Martin G Dawes, Michael S Kobor, Maureen C Ashe
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity confers many health benefits, but the underlying mechanisms require further exploration. In this pilot randomized controlled trial we tested the association between longitudinal measures of DNA methylation and changes in objective measures including physical activity, weight loss, and C-reactive protein levels in community-dwelling women aged 55 to 70 years. METHODS: We assessed DNA methylation from 20 healthy post-menopausal women (55-70 years of age), who did not have a mobility disability and allocated them to a group-based intervention, Everyday Activity Supports You (EASY), or a control group (monthly group-based health-related education sessions)...
October 19, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049756/interventions-to-improve-follow-up-of-positive-results-on-fecal-blood-tests-a-systematic-review
#13
Kevin Selby, Christine Baumgartner, Theodore R Levin, Chyke A Doubeni, Ann G Zauber, Joanne Schottinger, Christopher D Jensen, Jeffrey K Lee, Douglas A Corley
Background: Fecal immunochemical testing is the most commonly used method for colorectal cancer screening worldwide. However, its effectiveness is frequently undermined by failure to obtain follow-up colonoscopy after positive test results. Purpose: To evaluate interventions to improve rates of follow-up colonoscopy for adults after a positive result on a fecal test (guaiac or immunochemical). Data Sources: English-language studies from the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, and Embase from database inception through June 2017...
October 17, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049742/preoperative-six-minute-walk-distance-is-associated-with-pneumonia-after-lung-resection
#14
Keiko Hattori, Toshiaki Matsuda, Yui Takagi, Motoki Nagaya, Takayuki Inoue, Yoshihiro Nishida, Yoshinori Hasegawa, Koji Kawaguchi, Takayuki Fukui, Naoki Ozeki, Kohei Yokoi, Satoru Ito
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the relationship between preoperative physical fitness and postoperative pneumonia after lung resection. We examined the association between preoperative 6-min walk distance (6MWD) and postoperative pneumonia. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on patients with malignant lung tumours who were scheduled to undergo lung resection at Nagoya University Hospital from January 2014 to December 2015. Preoperative pulmonary function tests and the 6-min walk test were assessed...
September 26, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049685/endothelin-1-is-associated-with-dilatation-of-the-left-atrium-and-can-be-an-independent-predictor-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-mitral-valve-surgery
#15
Rongxin Lu, Nan Ma, Zhaolei Jiang, Ju Mei
OBJECTIVES: This study analysed the association between endothelin-1 (ET-1) and left atrial dimension (LAD) and evaluated whether ET-1 can be a predictor of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) after mitral valve surgery. METHODS: This is a prospective study that enrolled 80 patients who underwent isolated mitral valve surgery. Plasma concentrations of ET-1 from peripheral venous blood were tested. POAF was detected using a telemetry strip or 12-lead electrocardiogram until the time of discharge...
August 14, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049684/coagulation-profile-in-open-and-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-lobectomies-a-cohort-study
#16
Thomas Decker Christensen, Henrik Vad, Søren Pedersen, Peter B Licht, Mads Nybo, Kåre Hornbech, Nora Elisabeth Zois, Anne-Mette Hvas
OBJECTIVES: Lung cancer patients are perceived to have a relatively high risk of venous thromboembolic events due to an activation of the coagulation system. In terms of activation of the coagulation system, the difference between video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and open lobectomies for primary lung cancer has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to compare the impact on the coagulation system in patients undergoing curative surgery for primary lung cancer by either VATS or open lobectomies...
October 16, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049585/association-between-biomarkers-of-ovarian-reserve-and-infertility-among-older-women-of-reproductive-age
#17
Anne Z Steiner, David Pritchard, Frank Z Stanczyk, James S Kesner, Juliana W Meadows, Amy H Herring, Donna D Baird
Importance: Despite lack of evidence of their utility, biomarkers of ovarian reserve are being promoted as potential markers of reproductive potential. Objective: To determine the associations between biomarkers of ovarian reserve and reproductive potential among women of late reproductive age. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospective time-to-pregnancy cohort study (2008 to date of last follow-up in March 2016) of women (N = 981) aged 30 to 44 years without a history of infertility who had been trying to conceive for 3 months or less, recruited from the community in the Raleigh-Durham, North Carolina, area...
October 10, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049348/chronic-administration-of-fluoxetine-and-pro-inflammatory-cytokine-change-in-a-rat-model-of-depression
#18
Yanxia Lu, Cyrus S Ho, Xin Liu, Anna N Chua, Wei Wang, Roger S McIntyre, Roger C Ho
This study evaluated the chronic effects of fluoxetine, a commonly prescribed SSRI antidepressant, on the peripheral and central levels of inflammatory cytokines including IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and IL-17 over a 4-interval in a rat model of chronic mild stress (CMS) which resembles the human experience of depression. Twenty-four Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to CMS+vehicle (n = 9), CMS+fluoxetine (n = 9) and the control (n = 6) groups. Sucrose preference and forced swim tests were performed to assess behavioral change...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049322/pgc-1%C3%AE-and-exercise-intensity-dependent-adaptations-in-mouse-skeletal-muscle
#19
Nina Brandt, Maja Munk Dethlefsen, Jens Bangsbo, Henriette Pilegaard
The aim of the present study was to examine the role of PGC-1α in intensity dependent exercise and exercise training-induced metabolic adaptations in mouse skeletal muscle. Whole body PGC-1α knockout (KO) and littermate wildtype (WT) mice performed a single treadmill running bout at either low intensity (LI) for 40 min or moderate intensity (MI) for 20 min. Blood and quadriceps muscles were removed either immediately after exercise or at 3h or 6h into recovery from exercise and from resting controls. In addition PGC-1α KO and littermate WT mice were exercise trained at either low intensity (LIT) for 40 min or at moderate intensity (MIT) for 20 min 2 times pr...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049242/the-prevalence-of-pi-s-and-pi-z-serpina1-alleles-in-healthy-individuals-and-copd-patients-in-saudi-arabia-a-case-control-study
#20
Noura Al-Jameil, Amina A Hassan, Rana Hassanato, Sree R Isac, Maram Al Otaiby, Fadwa Al-Shareef, Basmah Al-Maarik, Iman Al Ajeyan, Khloud Al-Bahloul, Samina Ghani, Dana Al-Torbak
Alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) is an acute phase protein produced in hepatocytes. Its deficiency affects the lungs and liver. A case-control study was carried out to determine the prevalence of 2 common deficiency alleles, PI*S and PI*Z, for alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) in both healthy and chronic obstructive pulmmonary disease (COPD)-affected Saudi populations and to clarify the importance of genetic tests in the screening of people at risk for COPD.One thousand blood samples from healthy individuals and 1000 from COPD-affected Saudi individuals were genotyped for the above-mentioned alleles, using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), with the exclusion of any other nationalities...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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