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sedentary physical activity objective

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821576/effect-of-a-behavioral-intervention-strategy-for-adoption-and-maintenance-of-a-physically-active-lifestyle-the-italian-diabetes-and-exercise-study-ides-2-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Stefano Balducci, Valeria D'Errico, Jonida Haxhi, Massimo Sacchetti, Giorgio Orlando, Patrizia Cardelli, Martina Vitale, Lucilla Bollanti, Francesco Conti, Silvano Zanuso, Antonio Nicolucci, Giuseppe Pugliese
OBJECTIVE: Adherence to physical activity (PA) recommendations is hampered by the lack of effective strategies to promote behavior change. The Italian Diabetes and Exercise Study_2 is a randomized controlled trial evaluating a novel behavioral intervention strategy for increasing PA and decreasing sedentary time (SED-time) in patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The study randomized 300 physically inactive and sedentary patients with type 2 diabetes 1:1 to receive theoretical and practical counseling once yearly for 3 years (intervention group [INT]) or standard care (control group [CON])...
August 18, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821287/physical-activity-and-quality-of-life-in-long-term-hospitalized-patients-with-severe-mental-illness-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Jeroen Deenik, Frank Kruisdijk, Diederik Tenback, Annemarie Braakman-Jansen, Erik Taal, Marijke Hopman-Rock, Aartjan Beekman, Erwin Tak, Ingrid Hendriksen, Peter van Harten
BACKGROUND: Increasing physical activity in patients with severe mental illness is believed to have positive effects on physical health, psychiatric symptoms and as well quality of life. Till now, little is known about the relationship between physical activity and quality of life in long-term hospitalized patients with severe mental illness and knowledge of the determinants of behavioural change is lacking. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the relationship between objectively measured physical activity and quality of life, and explore modifiable psychological determinants of change in physical activity in long-term hospitalized patients with severe mental illness...
August 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820909/dose-of-physical-activity-physical-functioning-and-disability-risk-in-mobility-limited-older-adults-results-from-the-life-study-randomized-trial
#3
Roger A Fielding, Jack M Guralnik, Abby C King, Marco Pahor, Mary M McDermott, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Todd M Manini, Nancy W Glynn, Anthony P Marsh, Robert S Axtell, Fang-Chi Hsu, W Jack Rejeski
Understanding the minimal dose of physical activity required to achieve improvement in physical functioning and reductions in disability risk is necessary to inform public health recommendations. To examine the effect of physical activity dose on changes in physical functioning and the onset of major mobility disability in The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study. We conducted a multicenter single masked randomized controlled trial that enrolled participants in 2010 and 2011 and followed them for an average of 2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810402/physical-activity-intensity-and-subjective-well-being-in-healthy-adults
#4
Gregory A Panza, Beth A Taylor, Paul D Thompson, C Michael White, Linda S Pescatello
The effect of physical activity intensity on subjective well-being has not been well established. We examined this relationship among 419 healthy adults using objective and subjective physical activity measurements (sample size varied among well-being assessments). For accelerometers, light-intensity physical activity positively associated with psychological well-being ( n = 150) and negatively associated with depression ( n = 99); moderate intensity negatively associated with pain severity ( n = 419) and positively associated with psychological well-being; sedentary behavior negatively associated with psychological well-being and positively associated with depression ( ps < ...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806753/accelerometer-derived-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-by-cancer-type-in-the-united-states
#5
Keith M Thraen-Borowski, Keith P Gennuso, Lisa Cadmus-Bertram
The 2003-2004 and 2005-2006 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were among the first population-level studies to incorporate objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behavior, allowing for greater understanding of these behaviors. However, there has yet to be a comprehensive examination of these data in cancer survivors, including short- and long-term survivors of all cancer types. Therefore, the purpose of this analysis was to use these data to describe activity behaviors in short- and long-term cancer survivors of various types...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799216/device-measured-physical-activity-as-a-predictor-of-disability-in-mobility-limited-older-adults
#6
Robert T Mankowski, Stephen D Anton, Robert Axtell, Shyh-Huei Chen, Roger A Fielding, Nancy W Glynn, Fang-Chi Hsu, Abby C King, Andrew S Layne, Christiaan Leeuwenburgh, Todd M Manini, Anthony P Marsh, Marco Pahor, Catrine Tudor-Locke, David E Conroy, Thomas W Buford
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations between objectively measured physical activity (PA) and incidence of major mobility disability (MMD) and persistent MMD (PMMD) in older adults in the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study. DESIGN: Prospective cohort of individuals aged 65 and older undergoing structured PA intervention or health education. SETTING: The LIFE Study was a multicenter (eight sites) randomized controlled trial designed to compare the efficacy of a long-term structured PA intervention with that of a health education (HE) program in reducing the incidence of MMD in mobility-limited older adults...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793982/validation-of-a-smartphone-app-for-the-assessment-of-sedentary-and-active-behaviors
#7
Meynard John Toledo, Eric Hekler, Kevin Hollingshead, Dana Epstein, Matthew Buman
BACKGROUND: Although current technological advancements have allowed for objective measurements of sedentary behavior via accelerometers, these devices do not provide the contextual information needed to identify targets for behavioral interventions and generate public health guidelines to reduce sedentary behavior. Thus, self-reports still remain an important method of measurement for physical activity and sedentary behaviors. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change of a smartphone app in assessing sitting, light-intensity physical activity (LPA), and moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)...
August 9, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780228/relation-of-pedometer-steps-count-self-reported-physical-activity-with-health-indices-in-middle-aged-adults
#8
Nusrat Jahan, Shweta Shenoy
OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between daily physical activity (steps/day and self report method) and health indices. Also to observe relationship between daily physical activity and existence of any prior sign of metabolic syndrome in middle aged adults of 40-60 years. A secondary objective was to observe relation between objective (steps/day) and subjective (IPAQ) measure of physical activity. METHOD: 145 subjects were recruited from residential colony of New Delhi, India and their health indices (waist circumference, hip circumference, waist hip ratio, blood pressure, resting heart rate), and presence of any sign of metabolic syndrome were noted down...
July 22, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775377/objectively-measured-sedentary-time-and-physical-activity-and-associations-with-body-weight-gain-does-body-weight-determine-a-decline-in-moderate-and-vigorous-intensity-physical-activity
#9
U Ekelund, E Kolle, J Steene-Johannessen, K E Dalene, A K O Nilsen, S A Anderssen, B H Hansen
OBJECTIVES: High levels of physical activity may prevent the development of obesity. However, the magnitude and direction of the association between physical activity (PA) of various intensities, sedentary time and weight status remain unclear. Thus, we examined whether objectively measured sedentary time and physical activity independently predict gain in body weight, change in body weight and to examine the possibility of reverse causation. METHODS: We examined the prospective associations between sedentary time, PA and body weight (BW)...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764730/objectively-measured-physical-activity-patterns-sedentary-time-and-parent-reported-screen-time-across-the-day-in-four-year-old-swedish-children
#10
Daniel Berglind, Per Tynelius
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) improves health outcomes accumulating evidence suggests that sedentary time (ST), especially parent-reported screen-time, is associated with negative health outcomes in children. The aim of the present study is to describe levels and patterns of PA and ST across the day and week and activity pattern differences between the sexes, across all weekdays and time spent in and outside the preschool in four-year old children. METHODS: In total 899 four-year old Swedish children who had both complete questionnaire data on screen-time behaviors and objective activity variables and at least 4 days, including one weekend day, with more than 10 h of GT3X+ Actigraph accelerometer wear time data were included in the study...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761711/comparison-of-two-accelerometers-for-measuring-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour
#11
Ted Pfister, Charles E Matthews, Qinggang Wang, Karen A Kopciuk, Kerry Courneya, Christine Friedenreich
PURPOSE: A central aspect of physical activity and sedentary behaviour research is accurate exposure assessment in the context of disease outcomes. The primary objectives of this study were to evaluate the convergent validity and test-retest reliability of the ActiGraph GT3X+ and activPAL3 accelerometers. METHODS: Participants from the Breast Cancer and Exercise Trial in Alberta (n=266) wore both devices concurrently during waking hours for 7 days. Summary measures of time (hours/day) for physical activity and sedentary behaviour were compared between devices using Student's t-tests...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759597/objectively-measured-sedentary-time-among-five-ethnic-groups-in-amsterdam-the-helius-study
#12
Anne Loyen, Mary Nicolaou, Marieke B Snijder, Ron J G Peters, Karien Stronks, Lars J Langøien, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Johannes Brug, Jeroen Lakerveld
INTRODUCTION: Sedentary behaviour is increasingly recognised as a health risk. While differences in this behaviour might help explain ethnic differences in disease profiles, studies on sedentary behaviour in ethnic minorities are scarce. The aim of this study was to compare the levels and the socio-demographic and lifestyle-related correlates of objectively measured sedentary time among five ethnic groups in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the HELIUS study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754102/how-active-are-women-who-play-bingo-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-well-bingo-project
#13
Gemma C Ryde, Trish Gorely, Ruth Jepson, Cindy Gray, Ashley Shepherd, Dionne Mackison, Aileen V Ireland, Brian Williams, Marion E T McMurdo, Josie M M Evans
BACKGROUND: The benefits of physical activity are well established, yet large numbers of people are not sufficiently active to gain health benefits. Certain population groups are less physically active than others, including older women from areas of high economic deprivation. The Well!Bingo project was established with the aim of engaging such women in the development of a health promotion intervention in a bingo club. This paper reports on the assessment of health status, physical activity and sedentary behaviour of women attending a bingo club in central Scotland, UK as part of the Well!Bingo project...
July 28, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750666/perceptions-of-overweight-by-primary-carers-mothers-grandmothers-of-under-five-and-elementary-school-aged-children-in-bandung-indonesia-a-qualitative-study
#14
Cut Novianti Rachmi, Cynthia Louise Hunter, Mu Li, Louise Alison Baur
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood overweight has increased in the past two decades in Indonesia. Even though prevalence is escalating, there is a lack of qualitative evidence to assist in the design and implementation of strategies to tackle this issue. This study aimed to explore the view of primary carers (mothers and grandmothers) from different socio-economic-status groups, on childhood overweight in the Greater Bandung Area, Indonesia. METHODS: We conducted 12 focus groups discussions with a total of 94 carers of under-five and 7-12 years children, from June to October 2016...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741908/research-capacity-for-childhood-obesity-prevention-in-latin-america-an-area-for-growth
#15
Diana C Parra, Susan Vorkoper, Harold W Kohl, Benjamin Caballero, Carolina Batis, Alejandra Jauregui, Jessica Mason, Michael Pratt
BACKGROUND: The rise of childhood obesity in Latin America calls for research capacity to understand, monitor and implement strategies, policies and programmes to address it. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess current research capacity in Latin America related to childhood obesity, nutrition and physical activity. METHODS: We conducted a search of peer-reviewed articles on childhood obesity in Latin America with at least one Latin American author from 2010 to May 2015...
July 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727346/-doctor-physical-activity-at-my-age
#16
Martial Coutaz
Engaging in regular and appropriate physical activity confers health benefits at any age. For seniors, swapping the role of « sedentary » for « someone who's on the move » offers much more substantial benefits than any medication, and notably even starting at a dose of 10-15 minutes per day ! Any physician who cares for elderly patients must pursue the objective of encouraging physical activity that is integrated into daily life (e.g. walking, gardening, shopping). This article consists of a literature review concerning the evidence for the benefits of physical activity in seniors in terms of quality of life, longevity, maintenance of functional independence, and prevention of cognitive decline...
April 19, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723919/level-of-physical-activity-and-aerobic-capacity-associate-with-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#17
Nathalia Volpato, Juliana Kobashigawa, Clarissa Lin Yasuda, Simoni Thiemi Kishimoto, Paula Teixeira Fernandes, Fernando Cendes
Epilepsy is more than seizures and includes a high risk of comorbidities and psychological disorders, leading to poor quality of life (QOL). Earlier studies have showed a sedentary lifestyle in people with epilepsy (PWE), which could contribute to poorer health and psychological problems. The purpose of the present study was to compare habits of physical activity (PA), aerobic capacity, and QOL between PWE and healthy controls in order to identify the necessity of intervention of habits and information on physical exercise (PE) and to better understand the importance of PE for PWE...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721030/regular-physical-exercise-improves-cardiac-autonomic-and-muscle-vasodilatory-responses-to-isometric-exercise-in-healthy-elderly
#18
Adriana de Oliveira Sarmento, Amilton da Cruz Santos, Ivani Credidio Trombetta, Marciano Moacir Dantas, Ana Cristina Oliveira Marques, Leone Severino do Nascimento, Bruno Teixeira Barbosa, Marcelo Rodrigues Dos Santos, Maria do Amparo Andrade, Anna Myrna Jaguaribe-Lima, Maria do Socorro Brasileiro-Santos
The objective of this study was to evaluate cardiac autonomic control and muscle vasodilation response during isometric exercise in sedentary and physically active older adults. Twenty healthy participants, 10 sedentary and 10 physically active older adults, were evaluated and paired by gender, age, and body mass index. Sympathetic and parasympathetic cardiac activity (spectral and symbolic heart rate analysis) and muscle blood flow (venous occlusion plethysmography) were measured for 10 minutes at rest (baseline) and during 3 minutes of isometric handgrip exercise at 30% of the maximum voluntary contraction (sympathetic excitatory maneuver)...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720556/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-physical-activity-validation-study
#19
Gregory Knell, Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Michael S Businelle, Kerem Shuval, David W Wetter, Darla E Kendzor
BACKGROUND: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) may elicit physical activity (PA) estimates that are less prone to bias than traditional self-report measures while providing context. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the convergent validity of EMA-assessed PA compared with accelerometry. METHODS: The participants self-reported their PA using International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) and wore an accelerometer while completing daily EMAs (delivered through the mobile phone) for 7 days...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719766/energy-expenditure-of-standing-compared-to-sitting-while-conducting-office-tasks
#20
Jill Burns, Cuisle Forde, Sara Dockrell
Objectives This study aimed to investigate the energy expenditure of common office-based tasks. The objectives were to: (a) test the classification of tasks as sedentary or light-intensity physical activity and (b) compare the energy expenditure of tasks under two postural conditions (sitting and standing). Background The sedentary nature of office work has been highlighted as a health risk, and strategies to reduce sedentary behavior at work have been developed. However, there is limited evidence to guide the utilization of sit-stand workstations in the workplace for metabolic health benefits...
July 1, 2017: Human Factors
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