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sedentary physical activity objective

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049890/dna-methylation-signatures-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-from-a-lifestyle-intervention-for-women-at-midlife-a-pilot-rct
#1
Lisa M McEwen, Evan G Gatev, Meaghan J Jones, Julia L MacIsaac, Megan M McAllister, Rebecca E Goulding, Kenneth M Madden, Martin G Dawes, Michael S Kobor, Maureen C Ashe
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity confers many health benefits, but the underlying mechanisms require further exploration. In this pilot randomized controlled trial we tested the association between longitudinal measures of DNA methylation and changes in objective measures including physical activity, weight loss, and C-reactive protein levels in community-dwelling women aged 55 to 70 years. METHODS: We assessed DNA methylation from 20 healthy post-menopausal women (55-70 years of age), who did not have a mobility disability and allocated them to a group-based intervention, Everyday Activity Supports You (EASY), or a control group (monthly group-based health-related education sessions)...
October 19, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046786/sedentary-time-among-primary-school-children-in-south-west-germany-amounts-and-correlates
#2
Belinda Hoffmann, Sarah Kettner, Tamara Wirt, Olivia Wartha, Lina Hermeling, Jürgen M Steinacker, Susanne Kobel
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviour in children is related to different health consequences such as overweight and cardio-metabolic diseases that can track into adulthood. Previous studies have shown that children spend hours being sedentary, but no data of sedentary time (ST) among German children has been available, yet. Therefore, this study investigated objectively measured amounts and correlates of ST in a sample of German primary school children. METHODS: Children's physical activity (PA) was objectively assessed for 6 days using a multi-sensor device (Actiheart®; CamNtech, Cambridge, UK)...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040315/individual-and-environmental-correlates-of-objectively-measured-sedentary-time-in-dutch-and-belgian-adults
#3
Femke van Nassau, Joreintje D Mackenbach, Sofie Compernolle, Ilse de Bourdeaudhuij, Jeroen Lakerveld, Hidde P van der Ploeg
As the detrimental health effects of sedentary behaviour are well established, insight into the individual and environmental factors that influence adults' sedentary behaviour is needed. Most studies to date rely on self-reported measures of sedentary time. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to examine individual and environmental correlates of objectively measured sedentary time in Dutch and Belgian adults. Between March and August 2014, Belgian (n = 133) and Dutch (n = 223) adults, recruited as sub-sample of the SPOTLIGHT survey, wore an ActiGraph accelerometer to provide objectively measured sedentary and moderate to vigorous physical activity time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034545/a-pilot-intervention-to-reduce-postpartum-weight-retention-and-central-adiposity-in-first-time-mothers-results-from-the-mums-online-online-lifestyle-nutrition-exercise-study
#4
P van der Pligt, K Ball, K D Hesketh, M Teychenne, D Crawford, P J Morgan, C E Collins, K J Campbell
BACKGROUND: Postpartum weight retention (PPWR) increases the risk for obesity and complications during subsequent pregnancies. Few interventions have been successful in limiting PPWR in mothers. The present study assessed the effectiveness of the mums OnLiNE (Online, Lifestyle, Nutrition & Exercise) intervention with respect to reducing PPWR and improving diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviour. METHODS: A subsample of first-time mothers enrolled in the Extended Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT Extend) completed the nonrandomised mums OnLiNE intervention...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032856/sedentary-time-physical-activity-and-adiposity-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-associations-in-cardia
#5
Bethany Barone Gibbs, Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Mercedes R Carnethon, Tiffany Gary-Webb, John M Jakicic, Jamal S Rana, Jared P Reis, Juned Siddique, Barbara Sternfeld, Cora E Lewis
INTRODUCTION: Higher sedentary time (ST) and lower moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) have each been associated with greater adiposity, but most studies are cross-sectional and measure ST and MVPA by self-report. This study evaluated associations between objective ST and MVPA with current and 5-year changes in BMI and waist circumference. METHODS: The Coronary Artery and Risk Development in Young Adults longitudinal cohort study recruited black or white young adults from four U...
September 26, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021908/effectiveness-of-a-standardised-exercise-programme-for-recurrent-neck-and-low-back-pain-a-multicentre-randomised-two-arm-parallel-group-trial-across-34-fitness-clubs-in-finland
#6
Jaana H Suni, Marjo Rinne, Kari Tokola, Ari Mänttäri, Tommi Vasankari
BACKGROUND: Neck and low back pain (LBP) are common in office workers. Exercise trials to reduce neck and LBP conducted in sport sector are lacking. We investigated the effectiveness of the standardised Fustra20Neck&Back exercise program for reducing pain and increasing fitness in office workers with recurrent non-specific neck and/or LBP. METHOD: Volunteers were recruited through newspaper and Facebook. The design is a multi-centre randomised, two-arm, parallel group trial across 34 fitness clubs in Finland...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020958/does-replacing-sedentary-behaviour-with-light-or-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-modulate-inflammatory-status-in-adults
#7
Catherine M Phillips, Christina B Dillon, Ivan J Perry
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviour, obesity and insulin resistance are associated with pro-inflammatory status. Limited data on whether physical activity modulates inflammatory status and counteracts obesity and insulin resistance associated low-grade inflammation exist. Our objective was to investigate associations between objectively measured physical activity and inflammatory status, and specifically whether substituting daily sedentary behaviour with light activity or moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), is associated with beneficial alterations to the inflammatory profile among middle-aged adults and those at increased cardiometabolic risk (obese and insulin resistant subjects)...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017015/a-twelve-week-lifestyle-program-to-improve-cardiometabolic-behavioral-and-psychological-health-in-hispanic-children-and-adolescents
#8
Sami Yli-Piipari, Alison Berg, Emma M Laing, Diane L Hartzell, Kenneth O Parris, Jon Udwadia, Richard D Lewis
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of a 12-week lifestyle program on cardiometabolic, behavioral, and psychological outcomes among overweight Hispanic children and adolescents. DESIGN: A case series study with pre- and post-test analyses. Subjects/Settings/Location: A convenience sample of high-risk pediatric primary care patients (n = 22; 6 girls, 16 boys; M age = 11.73 ± 1.39 years) and their guardians in the Southeast United States. INTERVENTION: Twice per week 60 min (total of 24 h) of moderate-to-vigorous intensity boxing exercise training, 12 h of nutrition education for guardians, and a 30-min pediatrician appointment...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993817/nonworksite-interventions-to-reduce-sedentary-behavior-among-adults-a-systematic-review
#9
Keith M Thraen-Borowski, Laura D Ellingson, Jacob D Meyer, Lisa Cadmus-Bertram
PURPOSE: Sedentary behavior has been identified as a major health risk. While interventions to reduce time spent sedentary have become increasingly prevalent, the vast majority of this work in adults has been focused on workplace sedentary behavior, and often pairs sedentary reduction interventions with increasing physical activity. As research designed to specifically decrease sedentary time that is not limited to the workplace becomes available, identifying strategies and approaches, along with feasibility and efficacy of these interventions, is warranted...
June 15, 2017: Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986399/objectively-measured-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-genetic-predisposition-to-obesity-in-us-hispanics-latinos-results-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#10
Jee-Young Moon, Tao Wang, Tamar Sofer, Kari E North, Carmen R Isasi, Jianwen Cai, Marc D Gellman, Ashley E Moncrieft, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Maria Argos, Robert C Kaplan, Qibin Qi
Studies using self-reported data suggest gene-physical activity interaction on obesity, yet the influence of sedentary behavior, distinct from lack of physical activity, on genetic associations with obesity remains unclear. We analyzed interactions of accelerometer-measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time with genetic variants on obesity among 9,645 US Hispanics/Latinos. An overall genetic risk score (GRS), central nervous system (CNS)-related GRS, and non-CNS GRS were calculated based on 97 BMI-associated SNPs...
October 6, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985961/volume-and-patterns-of-physical-activity-across-the-health-and-heart-failure-continuum
#11
Milad Yavari, Mark J F Haykowsky, Anamaria Savu, Padma Kaul, Jason R B Dyck, Robert G Haennel
BACKGROUND: The benefits of regular physical activity (PA) are well documented in patients with heart failure (HF), however the amount and intensity of objectively measured PA and sedentary behaviour in HF with preserved (HFPEF) or reduced ejection fraction (HFREF) is not well known. METHODS: In a cross-sectional observational study the energy expenditure of 151 participants (HFPEF: n = 53; HFREF: n = 16; at-risk for HF: n = 48; control participants: n = 34) using SenseWear Mini Armbands (Body Media, Inc, Pittsburgh, PA) were monitored...
July 18, 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975422/sedentary-time-and-postmenopausal-breast-cancer-incidence
#12
Sarah J O Nomura, Chiranjeev Dash, Vanessa B Sheppard, Deborah Bowen, Matthew Allison, Wendy Barrington, Rowan Chlebowski, Mace Coday, Lifang Hou, Barbara Howard, Michael LaMonte, JoAnn E Manson, Marian L Neuhouser, Electra Paskett, Maryam Sattari, Marcia Stefanick, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Lucile L Adams-Campbell
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the prospective association between sedentary time and postmenopausal breast cancer incidence, and whether associations differ by race/ethnicity, physical activity levels, and body measurements. METHODS: The Women's Health Initiative Observational Study is a prospective cohort among women ages 50-79 years at baseline (1994-1998) (analytic cohort = 70,233). Baseline questionnaire data were used to estimate time spent sitting and total sedentary time...
October 3, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972246/measurements-of-daily-energy-intake-and-total-energy-expenditure-in-people-with-dementia-in-care-homes-the-use-of-wearable-technology
#13
J Murphy, J Holmes, C Brooks
OBJECTIVE: To estimate daily total energy expenditure (TEE) using a physical activity monitor, combined with dietary assessment of energy intake to assess the relationship between daily energy expenditure and patterns of activity with energy intake in people with dementia living in care homes. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional study in care homes in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty residents with confirmed dementia diagnosis were recruited from two care homes that specialised in dementia care...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968034/-gender-specific-manifestations-of-daily-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-elderly-people-of-surgut
#14
S I Loginov, M N Malkov, A Yu Nikolayev
Objective of the study was to establish gender-specific characteristics of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior in elderly people living in Yugra North. 295 residents of Surgut (102 men aged 62,9±5,3 years, 35%; 193 women aged 61,9±3,8 years, 65%) were subject to a IPAQ-RU questionnaire. The study revealed the gender-specific differences in body length and mass, body mass and body fat indices. It was detected that more energy is spent on the housework and physical activity in the country (moderate-intensity physical activity for women and high-intensity one for men)...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962854/higher-levels-of-objectively-measured-sedentary-behavior-is-associated-with-worse-cognitive-ability-two-year-follow-up-study-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#15
Po-Wen Ku, Yi-Te Liu, Ming-Kuei Lo, Li-Jung Chen, Brendon Stubbs
BACKGROUND: A number of cross-sectional studies have suggested that higher levels of sedentary behavior (SB) are associated with worse cognitive abilities in older age. There is a paucity of longitudinal studies investigating this relationship utilizing objectively assessed SB. This study investigated the relationship between objectively assessed SB and future cognitive abilities in a cohort of older adults. METHODS: A longitudinal study over 22.12±1.46months including 285 community-dwelling older adults across 14 regions in Taiwan was undertaken...
September 28, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953985/relationship-between-aerobic-capacity-and-pelvic-floor-muscles-function-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
S P Jürgensen, A Borghi-Silva, A M F G Bastos, G N Correia, V S Pereira-Baldon, R Cabiddu, A M Catai, P Driusso
The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between aerobic capacity and pelvic floor muscles (PFM) function in adult women. Women aged 18 or over and without urinary dysfunction or other chronic diseases were eligible to participate. They completed the habitual physical activity (HPA) questionnaire, underwent a PFM functional evaluation by palpation and perineometry, and performed a submaximal (between 75 and 85% of maximum heart rate) cardiopulmonary exercise (CPX) test to determine the ventilatory anaerobic threshold (VAT)...
September 21, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950837/a-school-based-physical-activity-promotion-intervention-in-children-rationale-and-study-protocol-for-the-previene-project
#17
Pablo Tercedor, Emilio Villa-González, Manuel Ávila-García, Carolina Díaz-Piedra, Alejandro Martínez-Baena, Alberto Soriano-Maldonado, Isaac José Pérez-López, Inmaculada García-Rodríguez, Sandra Mandic, Juan Palomares-Cuadros, Víctor Segura-Jiménez, Francisco Javier Huertas-Delgado
BACKGROUND: The lack of physical activity and increasing time spent in sedentary behaviours during childhood place importance on developing low cost, easy-toimplement school-based interventions to increase physical activity among children. The PREVIENE Project will evaluate the effectiveness of five innovative, simple, and feasible interventions (active commuting to/from school, active Physical Education lessons, active school recess, sleep health promotion, and an integrated program incorporating all 4 interventions) to improve physical activity, fitness, anthropometry, sleep health, academic achievement, and health-related quality of life in primary school children...
September 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949368/value-of-botulinum-toxin-injections-preceding-a-comprehensive-rehabilitation-period-for-children-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy-a-cost-effectiveness-study
#18
Fabienne Schasfoort, Annet Dallmeijer, Robert Pangalila, Coriene Catsman, Henk Stam, Jules Becher, Ewout Steyerberg, Suzanne Polinder, Johannes Bussmann
OBJECTIVE: Despite the widespread use of botulinum toxin in ambulatory children with spastic cerebral palsy, its value prior to intensive physiotherapy with adjunctive casting/orthoses remains unclear. DESIGN: A pragmatically designed, multi-centre trial, comparing the effectiveness of botulinum toxin + intensive physiotherapy with intensive physiotherapy alone, including economic evaluation. SUBJECTS/PATIENTS: Children with spastic cerebral palsy, age range 4-12 years, cerebral palsy-severity Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I-III, received either botulinum toxin type A + intensive physiotherapy or intensive physiotherapy alone and, if necessary, ankle-foot orthoses and/or casting...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947836/genetic-predisposition-to-adiposity-is-associated-with-increased-objectively-assessed-sedentary-time-in-young-children
#19
T M Schnurr, A Viitasalo, A-M Eloranta, C T Damsgaard, Y Mahendran, C T Have, J Väistö, M F Hjorth, L B Christensen, S Brage, M Atalay, L-P Lyytikäinen, V Lindi, T Lakka, K F Michaelsen, T O Kilpeläinen, T Hansen
Increased sedentariness has been linked to the growing prevalence of obesity in children, but some longitudinal studies suggest that sedentariness may be a consequence rather than a cause of increased adiposity. We used Mendelian randomization to examine the causal relations between body mass index (BMI) and objectively assessed sedentary time and physical activity in 3-8 year-old children from one Finnish and two Danish cohorts [NTOTAL=679]. A genetic risk score (GRS) comprised of 15 independent genetic variants associated with childhood BMI was used as the instrumental variable to test causal effects of BMI on sedentary time, total physical activity, and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)...
September 26, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941119/sedentary-behavior-and-physical-activity-levels-in-people-with-schizophrenia-bipolar-disorder-and-major-depressive-disorder-a-global-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Davy Vancampfort, Joseph Firth, Felipe B Schuch, Simon Rosenbaum, James Mugisha, Mats Hallgren, Michel Probst, Philip B Ward, Fiona Gaughran, Marc De Hert, André F Carvalho, Brendon Stubbs
People with severe mental illness (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or major depressive disorder) die up to 15 years prematurely due to chronic somatic comorbidities. Sedentary behavior and low physical activity are independent yet modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease and premature mortality in these people. A comprehensive meta-analysis exploring these risk factors is lacking in this vulnerable population. We conducted a meta-analysis investigating sedentary behavior and physical activity levels and their correlates in people with severe mental illness...
October 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
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