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sedentary physical activity objective

Moniek Akkerman, Leonora J Mouton, Laurien M Disseldorp, Anuschka S Niemeijer, Marco van Brussel, Lucas H V van der Woude, Marianne K Nieuwenhuis
Background: Adequate levels of regular physical activity (PA) are crucial for health and well-being. Pediatric burn injuries can have major physiological consequences in both the short and long term. The question is whether these consequences affect post burn PA levels. This study therefore aimed to describe PA and sedentary behavior (SB) in children and adolescents 1-5 years after burn injury. Methods: Daily PA and SB were monitored in 20 children and adolescents (12 boys and 8 girls, aged 6-17 years, with burns covering 10-37% of total body surface area, 1-5 years post burn) for 1 week using the ActiGraph GTX3+ accelerometer...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Barbara J Jefferis, Tessa J Parsons, Claudio Sartini, Sarah Ash, Lucy T Lennon, Olia Papacosta, Richard W Morris, S Goya Wannamethee, I-Min Lee, Peter H Whincup
OBJECTIVES: To understand how device-measured sedentary behaviour and physical activity are related to all-cause mortality in older men, an age group with high levels of inactivity and sedentary behaviour. METHODS: Prospective population-based cohort study of men recruited from 24 UK General Practices in 1978-1980. In 2010-2012, 3137 surviving men were invited to a follow-up, 1655 (aged 71-92 years) agreed. Nurses measured height and weight, men completed health and demographic questionnaires and wore an ActiGraph GT3x accelerometer...
February 12, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
James F Sallis, Terry L Conway, Kelli L Cain, Jordan A Carlson, Lawrence D Frank, Jacqueline Kerr, Karen Glanz, James E Chapman, Brian E Saelens
INTRODUCTION: The study examined the association of neighborhood walkability to multiple activity-related outcomes and BMI among adolescents and evaluated socioeconomic status as an effect modifier. METHOD: Cross-sectional study, with adolescents recruited from neighborhoods that met criteria for a 2 × 2 matrix defined by high/low GIS-defined walkability and high/low median income. Adolescents aged 12-16 years (n = 928) were recruited from selected neighborhoods in Maryland and King County, Washington regions in 2009-2011...
February 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Andreas Triantafyllidis, Dimitris Filos, Jomme Claes, Roselien Buys, Véronique Cornelissen, Evangelia Kouidi, Ioanna Chouvarda, Nicos Maglaveras
BACKGROUND: The benefits of regular physical activity for health and quality of life are unarguable. New information, sensing and communication technologies have the potential to play a critical role in computerised decision support and coaching for physical activity. OBJECTIVES: We provide a literature review of recent research in the development of physical activity interventions employing computerised decision support, their feasibility and effectiveness in healthy and diseased individuals, and map out challenges and future research directions...
March 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Nienke Ter Hoeve, Madoka Sunamura, Henk J Stam, Eric Boersma, Marcel L Geleijnse, Ron T van Domburg, Rita J G van den Berg-Emons
BACKGROUND: Standard cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is insufficient to help patients achieve an active lifestyle. The effects of two advanced and extended behavioral CR interventions on physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) were assessed. METHODS: In total, 731 patients with ACS were randomized to 1) 3months of standard CR (CR-only); 2) 3months of standard CR with three pedometer-based, face-to-face PA group counseling sessions followed by 9months of aftercare with three general lifestyle, face-to-face group counseling sessions (CR+F); or 3) 3months of standard CR, followed by 9months of aftercare with five to six general lifestyle, telephonic counseling sessions (CR+T)...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Ing-Mari Dohrn, Lydia Kwak, Pekka Oja, Michael Sjöström, Maria Hagströmer
Background: Sedentary behavior is associated with health risks in adults. The potential benefits of reducing sedentary time may be dependent not only on decrease per se, but also on the type of activity it replaces. Few longitudinal studies have investigated the effects on mortality when replacing objectively assessed sedentary time with another physical activity (PA) behavior. Objective: To investigate the effects of replacing objectively assessed sedentary time with time in light-intensity PA or moderate-vigorous PA (MVPA) on all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality or cancer mortality in a cohort with 15 years follow-up time...
2018: Clinical Epidemiology
Alana M Maltby, Leigh M Vanderloo, Patricia Tucker
Objectives Physical activity patterns can track from childhood into adulthood; therefore, establishing active behaviors early is imperative. Given the multidimensional nature of a mother's influence on their children, there is a need to utilize more comprehensive measures to assess the relationship between mother and child activity behaviors. Specifically, mothers have been identified as influencing preschoolers' activity behaviors and are often in control of organizing a family's opportunities to be active...
February 6, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Danilo R Silva, Cláudia S Minderico, Fernando Pinto, Paul J Collings, Edilson S Cyrino, Luís B Sardinha
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the impact of a standing desk intervention on daily objectively monitored sedentary behavior and physical activity in 6th grade school students. DESIGN: Cluster non-randomised controlled trial. METHOD: Two classes (intervention students: n=22 [aged 11.8±0.4years]; control students: n=27 [11.6±0.5years]) from a public school in Lisbon were selected. The intervention involved replacing traditional seated classroom desks for standing desks, for a total duration of 16 weeks, in addition to performing teacher training and holding education/motivation sessions with students and parents...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Antonio H Germano-Soares, Aluísio Andrade-Lima, Annelise L Menêses, Marilia A Correia, Belinda J Parmenter, Rafael M Tassitano, Gabriel G Cucato, Raphael M Ritti-Dias
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Increased arterial stiffness is linked to increased risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality. Studies have reported conflicting results regarding the relationship between arterial stiffness and time spent in sedentary behavior (SB) and physical activity (PA). The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the relationship between objectively measured light PA (LPA), moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA), and SB with the gold standard measurement of arterial stiffness, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV)...
January 17, 2018: Atherosclerosis
Tessa J Parsons, Claudio Sartini, Paul Welsh, Naveed Sattar, Sarah Ash, Lucy T Lennon, S Goya Wannamethee, I-Min Lee, Peter H Whincup, Barbara J Jefferis
BACKGROUND: N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and high sensitivity Troponin T (hsTnT) are markers of cardiac injury used in diagnosis of heart failure and myocardial infarction respectively, and associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Since physical activity is protective against cardiovascular disease and heart failure, we investigated whether higher levels of physical activity, and less sedentary behaviour were associated with lower NT-proBNP and hsTnT...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Julien Tripette, Haruka Murakami, Hidemi Hara, Ryoko Kawakami, Yuko Gando, Harumi Ohno, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Motohiko Miyachi
Caffeine has been described as a sports performance-enhancing substance. However, it is unclear whether it can increase the level of physical activity in non-athletic individuals. This study investigates the relationship between daily caffeine consumption and (1) daily physical activity/fitness or (2) intervention-induced changes in physical activity in women and men. On the basis of responses to a dietary habit questionnaire, which included items on caffeinated beverages, 1032 Japanese adults, were categorized into lower- or higher-caffeine-consumption groups (relative to the median caffeine consumption)...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Christelle Schofield, Robert U Newton, Paul A Cohen, Daniel A Galvão, Joanne A McVeigh, Ganendra R Mohan, Jason Tan, Stuart G Salfinger, Leon M Straker, Carolyn J Peddle-McIntyre
PURPOSE: Little is known about the relationship between health-related quality of life (HRQoL), pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD), and modifiable lifestyle and physiological factors for ovarian cancer survivors (OCS). The primary aim of the study was to compare post-treatment advanced-stage OCS with age-matched controls on measures of HRQoL and PFD. The secondary aim was to examine associations between HRQoL, PFD, objective activity behaviors, physical function, and body composition in OCS...
February 1, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Minerva Wasserman, Mario A Muñoz, Sherrie F Wallington, Mary L Greaney
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that parents influence their children's physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors (SB) through their parenting styles and practices. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this paper were to evaluate existing research examining the associations between parenting styles, parenting practices, and PA and SB among Latino children aged between 2 and 12 years, highlight limitations of the existing research, and generate suggestions for future research...
January 30, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
César Iván Ayala-Guzmán, Norma Ramos-Ibáñez, Luis Ortiz-Hernández
BACKGROUND: An accurate assessment of physical activity in schoolchildren is necessary to implement strategies that promote active lifestyles. The objective of this study was to validate a self-administered questionnaire to assess physical activity and sedentary behaviors and to analyze differences in the validity according to nutritional status in Mexican schoolchildren. METHODS: Schoolchildren of 8-12 years of age answered a self-report physical activity and sedentary behaviors questionnaire to evaluate sedentary and light physical activity (SLPA) and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA)...
July 2017: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
J E Sasaki, R W Motl, G Cutter, R A Marrie, T Tyry, A Salter
Background: Limited data exist on the prevalence and distribution of sedentary behavior (SB) in multiple sclerosis (MS). Objective: The objective of this paper is to describe sitting time as a metric of SB in a large national sample of people with MS. Methods: A total of 8004 individuals from the North American Research Committee on MS (NARCOMS) Registry completed the sitting time question from the International Physical Activity Questionnaire in spring 2015...
January 2018: Multiple Sclerosis Journal—Experimental, Translational and Clinical
Paul McCrorie, Rich Mitchell, Anne Ellaway
OBJECTIVES: To describe the objectively measured levels of physical activity (PA) and sedentary time in a nationally representative sample of 10-11-year-old children, and compare adherence estimates to the UK PA guidelines using two approaches to assessing prevalence. DESIGN: Nationally representative longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Scotland wide in partnership with the Growing up in Scotland (GUS) study. Data collection took place between May 2015 and May 2016...
January 24, 2018: BMJ Open
Christelle Schofield, Robert U Newton, Paul A Cohen, Daniel A Galvão, Joanne A McVeigh, Nicolas H Hart, Ganendra R Mohan, Jason Tan, Stuart G Salfinger, Leon M Straker, Carolyn J Peddle-McIntyre
OBJECTIVES: Ovarian cancer (OC) survivors experience many disease and treatment adverse effects. However, the impact of OC and its treatment on objective activity behaviors and physiological status have not been examined. The purpose of this study was to compare objectively measured activity behaviors and physiological characteristics of advanced-stage OC survivors to age-matched controls. METHODS: Twenty stage III-IV OC survivors and 20 controls completed assessments of activity behaviors (7-day accelerometry), physical function (400-meter walk as indicator of cardiorespiratory fitness, repeated chair rise, 6-meter walking tests), muscle strength (1-repetition maximum and handgrip), body composition (dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry), and musculoskeletal morphology (peripheral quantitative computed tomography)...
January 24, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Fabian Kleinke, Thea Schwaneberg, Franziska Weymar, Peter Penndorf, Sabina Ulbricht, Kristin Lehnert, Marcus Dörr, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Neeltje van den Berg
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of mortality. In 2014, they were responsible for 38.9% of all causes of death in Germany. One major risk factor for CVD is a lack of physical activity (PA). A health-promoting lifestyle including regular PA and minimizing sitting time (ST) in daily life is a central preventive measure. Previous studies have shown that PA decreases in older age; 2.4-29% of the people aged over 60 years achieve the World Health Organization recommendations...
January 22, 2018: Trials
Jayson R Gifford, Joel D Trinity, Oh Sung Kwon, Gwenael Layec, Ryan S Garten, Song Y Park, Ashley D Nelson, Russell S Richardson
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exhibit an altered skeletal muscle mitochondrial phenotype, which often includes reduced mitochondrial density, altered respiratory function, and elevated oxidative stress. As this phenotype may be explained by the sedentary lifestyle that commonly accompanies this disease, the aim of this study was to determine if such alterations are still evident when patients with COPD are compared to controls matched for objectively-measured, physical activity (PA, accelerometery)...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
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