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sedentary physical activity objective

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645969/protocol-for-the-residents-in-action-pilot-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-riat-evaluating-a-behaviour-change-intervention-to-promote-walking-reduce-sitting-and-improve-mental-health-in-physically-inactive-older-adults-in-retirement-villages
#1
Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Ashlene Wright, Eleanor Quested, Elissa Burton, Keith D Hill, Ester Cerin, Stuart J H Biddle, Nikos Ntoumanis
INTRODUCTION: Ageing is accompanied by increased risks of chronic disease, declined functioning and increased dependency. Physical activity is critical to retaining health and independence, but the majority of older people are insufficiently physically active to achieve these benefits and have high levels of sedentary (sitting) time. Activity programmes are often offered in retirement villages; however, their uptake is limited. Furthermore, although the physical environment in and around these villages can play an important role in decisions to be physically active, its role is often overlooked by research in these settings...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645324/bmi-and-recommended-levels-of-physical-activity-in-school-children
#2
Phillipp Schwarzfischer, Martina Weber, Dariusz Gruszfeld, Piotr Socha, Veronica Luque, Joaquin Escribano, Annick Xhonneux, Elvira Verduci, Benedetta Mariani, Berthold Koletzko, Veit Grote
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) and its health benefits are a continuous point of discussion. Recommendations for children's daily PA vary between guidelines. To better define the amount of PA necessary to prevent overweight and obesity in children, further research is needed. The present study investigates children's compliance to physical activity guidelines (PAGs) and the association between objectively measured PA and body mass index (BMI). METHODS: Participating children were 11 years old (n = 419) and part of the European CHOP trial, which was conducted in Germany, Belgium, Poland, Spain, Italy...
June 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637722/cross-sectional-surveillance-study-to-phenotype-lorry-drivers-sedentary-behaviours-physical-activity-and-cardio-metabolic-health
#3
Veronica Varela-Mato, Orlagh O'Shea, James A King, Thomas Yates, David J Stensel, Stuart Jh Biddle, Myra A Nimmo, Stacy A Clemes
OBJECTIVES: Elevated risk factors for a number of chronic diseases have been identified in lorry drivers. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviours such as a lack of physical activity (PA) and high levels of sedentary behaviour (sitting) likely contribute to this elevated risk. This study behaviourally phenotyped UK lorry drivers' sedentary and non-sedentary behaviours during workdays and non-workdays and examined markers of drivers cardio-metabolic health. SETTING: A transport company from the East Midlands, UK...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636519/how-we-eat-may-be-as-important-as-what-we-eat-eating-behaviour-and-heart-rate-variability
#4
Mehmet Emre Ozpelit, Ebru Ozpelit
Objective Diet exerts a crucial role on cardiovascular health. Evidence is mainly based on the content and the amount of dietary intakes. Some recent reports demonstrated that eating behaviour may also be of significant importance in cardiovascular health. In this study we aimed to investigate the effects of eating behaviour on heart rate variability (HRV) in healthy subjects. Methods and results In total, 521 healthy subjects with 24-hour Holter ECG recordings filled out a special questionnaire about their eating behaviour and lifestyles...
March 30, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632496/clustering-of-chronic-diseases-risk-factors-among-adolescents-a-quasi-experimental-study-in-sousse-tunisia
#5
Emna Dendana, Rim Ghammem, Jihene Sahli, Jihen Maatoug, Sihem Ben Fredj, Imed Harrabi, Molka Chaieb, Hassen Ghannem
Background The objective of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a school-based physical activity and nutritional behavior intervention, on the reduction of clustering of chronic diseases risk factors among school children. Materials and methods A quasi-experimental school-based intervention was conducted with an intervention group and a control group in the region of Sousse in Tunisia. The intervention was implemented between 2010 and 2013, with data collected at pre and at post intervention. Studied risk factors were: smoking, sedentary behavior, low fruit and vegetable intake and obesity...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629991/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-subsequent-to-serious-orthopaedic-injury-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Christina L Ekegren, Ben Beck, Rachel E D Climie, Neville Owen, David W Dunstan, Belinda J Gabbe
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and synthesise the evidence on physical activity and sedentary behaviour following serious orthopaedic injury. DATA SOURCES: Eight electronic databases and reference lists of relevant articles were searched from inception to March 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Studies on physical activity and sedentary behaviour measured objectively or via self-report among patients with serious orthopaedic injury (acute bone or soft-tissue injury requiring emergency hospital admission and/or non-elective surgery) were included...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629222/associations-of-parental-self-efficacy-with-diet-physical-activity-body-composition-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-swedish-preschoolers-results-from-the-ministop-trial
#7
Niyati Parekh, Pontus Henriksson, Christine Delisle Nyström, Kristin Silfvernagel, Jonatan R Ruiz, Francisco B Ortega, Jeremy Pomeroy, Marie Löf
BACKGROUND: High parental self-efficacy (PSE) has been associated with healthy diets and higher levels of physical activity (PA) in children; however, data on PSE in relation to body weight and body composition are scarce. The objective of this study was to investigate associations of PSE with measures of diet, PA, body composition, and physical fitness in early childhood. METHOD: We used baseline data from the MINISTOP trial in healthy Swedish children ( n = 301; 4...
June 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625084/objectively-assessed-physical-activity-and-associated-factors-of-sedentary-behavior-among-survivors-of-stroke-living-in-cape-town-south-africa
#8
Conran Joseph, David Conradsson, Maria Hagströmer, Isa Lawal, Anthea Rhoda
PURPOSE: To investigate objectively measured physical activity in stroke survivors living in low-income areas of Cape Town, South Africa, specifically to: (a) describe the volume of daily physical activity and time spent in different intensity levels and (b) investigate the association of factors covering the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health with sedentary behavior. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used, where forty-five ambulatory community-dwelling stroke survivors participated...
June 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623143/changes-in-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-during-cardiac-rehabilitation
#9
Nienke Ter Hoeve, Madoka Sunamura, Myrna E van Geffen, Malou H J Fanchamps, Herwin L D Horemans, Johannes B J Bussmann, Henk J Stam, Ron T van Domburg, Rita J G van den Berg-Emons
OBJECTIVE: To objectively measure changes in both moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SB) during and after standard cardiac rehabilitation (CR). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study SETTING: Outpatient CR center PARTICIPANTS: 135 patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) who completed CR. INTERVENTION: Multi-disciplinary CR according to current guidelines MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The proportion of time spent in MVPA and SB was objectively measured with an accelerometer...
June 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619406/physical-activity-sleep-and-bmi-percentile-in-rural-and-urban-ugandan-youth
#10
Mary J Christoph, Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint, Rhona Baingana, James M Ntambi
BACKGROUND: Uganda is experiencing a dual burden of over- and undernutrition, with overweight prevalence increasing while underweight remains common. Potential weight-related factors, particularly physical activity, sleep, and rural/urban status, are not currently well understood or commonly assessed in Ugandan youth. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to pilot test a survey measuring weight-related factors in rural and urban Ugandan schoolchildren. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey measured sociodemographics, physical activity, sleep patterns, and dietary factors in 148 rural and urban schoolchildren aged 11-16 in central Uganda...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614511/-public-health-and-physical-education-divergences-and-interfaces
#11
Júlia Aparecida Devidé Nogueira, Maria Lúcia Magalhães Bosi
The article examines divergences and interfaces between the fields of Physical Education (PE) and Public Health (PH) in the Brazilian context, highlighting tensions in the supremacy for scientific authority and competence in line with the concepts of 'scientific field' and 'nuclei of knowledge'. Understanding PH as an institutionalized, legitimized and scientifically consolidated field with three fundamental nuclei: Epidemiology; Social and Human Sciences; and Policy, Planning and Management; we show its approximation to the PE field, resulting in specific knowledge and practices of PE in PH...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602617/objective-measures-of-activity-in-the-elderly-distribution-and-associations-with-demographic-and-health-factors
#12
Chantal M Koolhaas, Frank J A van Rooij, Josje D Schoufour, Magda Cepeda, Henning Tiemeier, Soren Brage, Oscar H Franco
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the distribution of activity over the full 24-hour spectrum in late old age and its association with demographic and health factors. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the distribution of physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior, and sleep, and associated factors in the elderly population. METHODS: Our study included 1210 participants (51.9% women) aged 70-94 years [mean age 77.5 years, standard deviation (SD) 5.0] from the population-based Rotterdam Study...
June 8, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595596/the-influence-of-dog-ownership-on-objective-measures-of-free-living-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-longitudinal-case-controlled-study
#13
Philippa Margaret Dall, Sarah Lesley Helen Ellis, Brian Martin Ellis, P Margaret Grant, Alison Colyer, Nancy Renee Gee, Malcolm Howard Granat, Daniel Simon Mills
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence to suggest that dog ownership may improve physical activity (PA) among older adults, but to date, studies examining this, have either depended on self-report or incomplete datasets due to the type of activity monitor used to record physical activity. Additionally, the effect of dog ownership on sedentary behaviour (SB) has not been explored. The aim of the current study was to address these issues by using activPAL monitors to evaluate the influence of dog ownership on health enhancing PA and SB in a longitudinal study of independently-mobile, community-dwelling older adults...
June 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593124/pragmatic-evaluation-of-the-go2play-active-play-intervention-on-physical-activity-and-fundamental-movement-skills-in-children
#14
Avril Johnstone, Adrienne R Hughes, Xanne Janssen, John J Reilly
Active play is a novel approach to addressing low physical activity levels and fundamental movement skills (FMS) in children. This study aimed to determine if a new school-based, 'Go2Play Active Play' intervention improved school day physical activity and FMS. This was a pragmatic evaluation conducted in Scotland during 2015-16. Participants (n = 172; mean age = 7 years) were recruited from seven primary schools taking part in the 5-month intervention, plus 24 participants not receiving the intervention were recruited to act as a comparison group...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592241/effect-of-major-school-playground-reconstruction-on-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-camden-active-spaces
#15
Mark Hamer, Daniel Aggio, Georgina Knock, Courtney Kipps, Aparna Shankar, Lee Smith
BACKGROUND: The physical school environment is a promising setting to increase children's physical activity although robust evidence is sparse. We examined the effects of major playground reconstruction on physical activity and sedentary time in primary schools using a quasi-experimental design (comparison group pre-test/post-test design). METHODS: Five experimental and two control schools from deprived areas of inner city London were recruited at baseline. Main outcome was physical activity and sedentary time measured from objective monitoring (Actigraph accelerometer) at one year follow up...
June 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591502/-factors-associated-with-physical-activity-and-body-mass-index-among-schoolchildren-from-arandas-jalisco-mexico
#16
Lizette Miranda-Ríos, Edgar M Vásquez-Garibay, Enrique Romero-Velarde, María Eugenia Nuño-Cosío, Liliana Campos-Barrera, Erika A Caro-Sabido, Joanie Ramírez-Díaz
BACKGROUND: In 2015, Mexico was the top country for childhood obesity. The objective was to identify the association between physical activity and sedentary lifestyle with the social and demographic characteristics of families of schoolchildren in Arandas, Jalisco, Mexico. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 192 schoolchildren were randomly selected. Body mass index (BMI), active and sedentary behaviors, and socio-demographic characteristics of families were obtained...
July 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589732/functional-factors-that-are-important-correlates-to-physical-activity-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-pilot-study
#17
Nathaniel B Ketelhut, John H Kindred, Richard E Pimentel, Ann M Hess, Brian L Tracy, Raoul F Reiser, Thorsten Rudroff
PURPOSE: Identify functional factors that are important correlates to physical activity levels among people with multiple sclerosis. METHODS: A total of eight functional tests were conducted and physical activity was objectively measured (Actigraph GT3X accelerometer) for one week in 34 people with multiple sclerosis. A corrected Akaike Information Criterion analysis was performed to identify the strongest correlates with moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, total activity and sedentary time...
June 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575141/objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-kidney-function-in-older-men-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#18
Tessa J Parsons, Claudio Sartini, Sarah Ash, Lucy T Lennon, S Goya Wannamethee, I-Min Lee, Peter H Whincup, Barbara J Jefferis
Background: kidney function declines in older adults and physical activity levels are low. We investigated whether higher levels of physical activity and lower levels of sedentary behaviour were associated with lower odds of low kidney function in older men. Methods: cross-sectional study of 1,352 men from the British Regional Heart Study, mean (standard deviation) age 78.5 (4.6) year. Physical activity and sedentary behaviour were measured using Actigraph GT3X accelerometers...
June 1, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574874/physical-activity-and-abdominal-fat-distribution-in-greenland
#19
Inger Katrine Dahl-Petersen, Søren Brage, Peter Bjerregaard, Janne Tolstrup, Marit Eika Jørgensen
PURPOSE: We examined how total volume of physical activity and reallocation of time spent at various objectively measured intensities of physical activity (PA) were associated with overall and abdominal fat distribution in adult Inuit in Greenland. METHODS: Data were collected as part of a countrywide cross-sectional health survey in Greenland. A combined accelerometer and heart rate monitor measured total physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) and intensities of PA (N=1536)...
June 2, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574759/sedentary-behavior-and-cardiometabolic-health-associations-in-obese-11-13-year-olds
#20
Gregory J Norman, Jordan A Carlson, Kevin Patrick, Julia K Kolodziejczyk, Job G Godino, Jeannie Huang, John Thyfault
BACKGROUND: Improved understanding of sedentary time's impact on cardiometabolic health can help prioritize intervention targets. OBJECTIVE: We investigated cross-sectional and longitudinal relations of reported screen time and objectively measured total percent of time spent sedentary with cardiometabolic health in obese youth. METHODS: Participants were 106 obese adolescents age 11-13 (N = 106, 51% girls, and 82% Hispanic) recruited from primary care clinics in southern California...
June 2, 2017: Childhood Obesity
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