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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069016/short-and-long-term-effectiveness-of-a-three-month-individualized-need-supportive-physical-activity-counseling-intervention-at-the-workplace
#1
Anass Arrogi, Astrid Schotte, An Bogaerts, Filip Boen, Jan Seghers
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the short- and long-term intervention and mediation effects of a 3-month individualized need-supportive physical activity (PA) counseling intervention on employees' PA and sedentary behavior. METHODS: Insufficiently active employees (n = 300; mean age 42 ± 9 years; 78% female) were recruited from a large pharmaceutical company in Flanders, Belgium. A quasi-experimental design was used in which the intervention group (N = 246) was recruited separately from the reference group (N = 54)...
January 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060034/physical-activity-sedentary-time-and-fatness-in-a-biethnic-sample-of-young-children
#2
Paul J Collings, Soren Brage, Daniel D Bingham, Silvia Costa, Jane West, Rosemary Rc McEachan, John Wright, Sally E Barber
PURPOSE: To investigate associations of objectively-measured physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (ST) with adiposity in a predominantly bi-ethnic (South Asian and White British) sample of young children. METHODS: The sample included 333 children aged 11 months to 5 years who provided 526 cross-sectional observations for PA and body composition. Total PA volume (vector magnitude counts per minute (cpm)), daily time at multiple intensity levels (the cumulative time in activity >500 cpm, >1000 cpm, >1500 cpm and so on up to >6000 cpm), and time spent sedentary (<820 cpm), in light PA (820-3907 cpm) and moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA: ≥3908 cpm) were estimated with tri-axial accelerometry...
January 3, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058238/sedentary-behavior-physical-activity-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-on-leukocyte-telomere-length
#3
Meghan K Edwards, Paul D Loprinzi
Background: Emerging work is starting to investigate the cumulative effects of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), sedentary behavior and cardiorespiratory fitness on health. The objective of this study was to examine the cumulative and independent associations of MVPA, sedentary behavior and cardiorespiratory fitness on leukocyte telomere length (LTL). Methods: Data from the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used (N = 1868 adults 20+ years); analyzed in 2016...
2017: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057512/definitions-measurement-and-prevalence-of-sedentary-behaviour-in-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Craig A Melville, Alyt Oppewal, Liselotte Schäfer Elinder, Ellen Freiberger, Myriam Guerra-Balic, Thessa I M Hilgenkamp, Ingi Einarsson, Rocio Izquierdo-Gómez, Oriol Sansano-Nadal, Pauli Rintala, Antonio Cuesta-Vargas, Maria Giné-Garriga
Supporting positive change in lifestyle behaviours is a priority in tackling the health inequalities experienced by adults with intellectual disabilities. In this systematic review, we examine the evidence on the definition, measurement and epidemiology of sedentary behaviour of adults with intellectual disabilities. A systematic literature search of PUBMED, EMBASE, MEDLINE and Google Scholar was performed to identify studies published from 1990 up to October 2015. Nineteen papers met the criteria for inclusion in the systematic review...
January 2, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057008/correlates-of-preschool-children-s-objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-splashy-study
#5
Einat A Schmutz, Claudia S Leeger-Aschmann, Thomas Radtke, Stefanie Muff, Tanja H Kakebeeke, Annina E Zysset, Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Kerstin Stülb, Amar Arhab, Andrea H Meyer, Simone Munsch, Jardena J Puder, Oskar G Jenni, Susi Kriemler
BACKGROUND: Identifying ways to promote physical activity and decrease sedentary time during childhood is a key public health issue. Research on the putative influences on preschool children's physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) is limited and has yielded inconsistent results. Our aim was to identify correlates of PA and SB in preschool children. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were drawn from the Swiss Preschoolers' Health Study (SPLASHY), a Swiss population-based cohort study...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056909/active-travel-to-non-school-destinations-but-not-to-school-is-associated-with-higher-physical-activity-levels-in-an-ethnically-diverse-sample-of-inner-city-schoolchildren
#6
Lee Smith, Daniel Aggio, Mark Hamer
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the association of travel mode to school and non-school destinations with objectively assessed health markers and physical activity in an ethnically diverse sample of inner-city UK schoolchildren. METHODS: We used data from the Camden Active Spaces project (n = 450 children aged 9.1 yrs) to examine associations of school travel mode and frequency of active travel to non-school destinations with daily and out-of-school physical activity, sedentary time and health markers; whilst controlling for appropriate covariates including objectively measured route length...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049127/association-between-morning-symptoms-and-physical-activity-in-copd-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Amanda R van Buul, Marise J Kasteleyn, Niels H Chavannes, Christian Taube
Morning symptoms are common in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Many COPD patients consider the morning as the most troublesome part of the day, in which they experience more symptoms and physical activity limitations.To systematically report evidence of the association between morning symptoms and physical activity in COPD patients, a literature search was conducted using relevant MESH terms and text words in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, COCHRANE, CINAHL and PsycINFO. Quality of the articles was assessed with validated checklists...
January 2017: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033521/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-people-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Felipe Schuch, Davy Vancampfort, Joseph Firth, Simon Rosenbaum, Philip Ward, Thaís Reichert, Natália Carvalho Bagatini, Roberta Bgeginski, Brendon Stubbs
BACKGROUND: Low levels of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) are independent risk factors for cardiovascular disease and premature mortality in people with major depressive disorder (MDD). AIMS: Investigate levels of PA and SB and their predictors in people with MDD. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched from inception till 04/2016 for articles measuring PA and SB with a self-report questionnaire (SRQ) or objective measure (e...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033088/association-between-sitting-time-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-after-adjustment-for-cardiorespiratory-fitness-cooper-center-longitudinal-study-2010-2013
#9
Carolyn E Barlow, Kerem Shuval, Bijal A Balasubramanian, Darla E Kendzor, Nina B Radford, Laura F DeFina, Kelley Pettee Gabriel
INTRODUCTION: Objective estimates, based on waist-worn accelerometers, indicate that adults spend over half their day (55%) in sedentary behaviors. Our study examined the association between sitting time and cardiometabolic risk factors after adjustment for cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted with 4,486 men and 1,845 women who reported daily estimated sitting time, had measures for adiposity, blood lipids, glucose, and blood pressure, and underwent maximal stress testing...
December 29, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032812/objectively-measured-sedentary-behavior-obesity-and-psychological-well-being-a-cross-sectional-study-of-japanese-schoolchildren
#10
Kaori Ishii, Ai Shibata, Minoru Adachi, Yoshiyuki Mano, Koichiro Oka
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviors (SB) are associated with health indicators; however, there are currently very few studies that have examined these associations, especially in conjunction with psychological factors, in children. The present study examined the independent relationship between objectively assessed SB, and indicators of obesity and psychological well-being, among Japanese children. METHODS: A total of 967 elementary-school children completed a cross-sectional survey...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030542/acute-cognitively-engaging-exergame-based-physical-activity-enhances-executive-functions-in-adolescents
#11
Valentin Benzing, Theda Heinks, Noëmi Eggenberger, Mirko Schmidt
The study aimed to elucidate the influence of cognitive engagement comprised in an acute bout of exergame-based physical activity on executive functions (inhibition, cognitive flexibility) in adolescents. Therefore, the level of cognitive engagement and the intensity of physical activity were systematically varied across three experimental conditions. Sixty-five healthy male adolescents (13-16 years) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: (a) physical activity with high levels of cognitive engagement during active video gaming, (b) physical activity with low levels of cognitive engagement during active video gaming, (c) sedentary with low levels of cognitive engagement during passive video watching...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029748/physical-activity-minimum-threshold-predicting-improved-function-in-adults-with-lower-limb-symptoms
#12
Dorothy D Dunlop, Jing Song, Jungwha Lee, Abigail L Gilbert, Pamela A Semanik, Linda Ehrlich-Jones, Christine A Pellegrini, Daniel Pinto, Barbara Ainsworth, Rowland W Chang
OBJECTIVES: The objective is to identify an evidence-based minimum physical activity threshold to predict improved or sustained high function for adults with lower limb joint symptoms. METHODS: Prospective multi-site data from 1629 adults aged 49 years or older with symptomatic lower limb joint pain/aching/stiffness participating in Osteoarthritis Initiative accelerometer monitoring substudy were clinically assessed two years apart. Improved/high function in 2-year gait speed and patient-reported outcomes (PRO) were based on improving or remaining in the best (i...
December 28, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027935/cross-sectional-associations-of-objectively-measured-physical-activity-with-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-adolescents
#13
Tao Huang, Anne Kær Gejl, Jakob Tarp, Lars Bo Andersen, Lone Peijs, Anna Bugge
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between objectively measured physical activity and serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses were performed using data from 415 adolescents who participated in the 2015 follow-up of the Childhood Health Activity and Motor Performance School Study Denmark (the CHAMPS-study DK). Physical activity was objectively measured by accelerometry monitors...
December 24, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027427/the-adiposity-of-children-is-associated-with-their-lifestyle-behaviours-a-cluster-analysis-of-school-aged-children-from-12-nations
#14
Dorothea Dumuid, T Olds, L K Lewis, J A Martin-Fernández, T Barreira, S Broyles, J-P Chaput, M Fogelholm, G Hu, R Kuriyan, A Kurpad, E V Lambert, J Maia, V Matsudo, V O Onywera, O L Sarmiento, M Standage, M S Tremblay, C Tudor-Locke, P Zhao, P Katzmarzyk, F Gillison, C Maher
BACKGROUND: The relationship between children's adiposity and lifestyle behaviour patterns is an area of growing interest. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are to identify clusters of children based on lifestyle behaviours and compare children's adiposity among clusters. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment were used. PARTICIPANTS: the participants were children (9-11 years) from 12 nations (n = 5710)...
December 27, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026711/sedentary-behaviours-among-adults-across-canada
#15
Katya M Herman, Travis J Saunders
 OBJECTIVES: While cross-Canada variations in physical activity and weight status have been illustrated, less is known about sedentary behaviour (SB). The aim of this study was to describe various SBs and their correlates among Canadian adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the 2011-2012 Canadian Community Health Survey included 92,918 respondents aged 20-75+ years, representative of >22 million Canadian adults. TV/video viewing, computer, video game playing and reading time were self-reported. Associations with socio-demographic, health and health behaviour variables were examined...
December 27, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024861/use-of-global-positioning-system-for-physical-activity-research-in-youth-espa%C3%A3-os-adolescentes-brazil
#16
Claudia Oliveira Alberico, Jasper Schipperijn, Rodrigo S Reis
The built environment is an important factor associated with physical activity and sedentary behavior during adolescence. This study presents the methods for objective assessment of context-specific moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SB), as well as describes results from the first project using such methodology in adolescents from a developing country. An initial sample of 381 adolescents was recruited from 32 census tracts in Curitiba, Brazil (2013); 80 had their homes geocoded and wore accelerometer and GPS devices for seven days...
December 23, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018887/residents-of-highly-walkable-neighbourhoods-in-canadian-urban-areas-do-substantially-more-physical-activity-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#17
Justin Thielman, Heather Manson, Maria Chiu, Ray Copes, Laura C Rosella
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that neighbourhood walkability is associated with small differences in physical activity; however, the health impacts of these small differences have been questioned. We examined the size of the association of walkability with accelerometer-measured physical activity in a large, national-level Canadian population, and compared results to physical activity levels recommended in international guidelines. Our primary objective was to investigate the direction and size of the differences in physical activity that were related to walkability, and whether these differences depended on age...
October 2016: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017242/physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-aerobic-capacity-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Robert W Motl, Brian M Sandroff, Lara A Pilutti, Rachel E Klaren, Tracy Baynard, Bo Fernhall
BACKGROUND: There is substantial evidence that exercise training improves aerobic capacity among people with multiple sclerosis (MS), but less is known about the associations between physical activity and sedentary behaviors with aerobic capacity. OBJECTIVE: This study examined if objectively-measured moderate-to-vigorous (MVPA) and light (LPA) physical activity and sedentary behavior were associated with peak aerobic capacity (VO2peak) measured using an established protocol for conducting a maximal, incremental exercise test in persons with MS...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012313/typologies-of-neighbourhood-environments-and-children-s-physical-activity-sedentary-time-and-television-viewing
#19
Anna Timperio, David Crawford, Kylie Ball, Jo Salmon
This study examined cross-sectional and prospective associations between clusters of neighbourhood attributes (typologies) and non-school moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, sedentary time (objectively measured) and proxy-reported television viewing among children aged 5-6 and 10-12 years. Four distinct clusters were identified from seven objectively-measured neighbourhood attributes (land use mix, traffic exposure, playgrounds, sports venues, intersections and cul-de-sacs within 800m, crime/postcode). Some cross-sectional associations with behavior were found...
December 21, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997474/the-effects-of-a-park-awareness-campaign-on-rural-park-use-and-physical-activity
#20
Jorge A Banda, Steven P Hooker, Sara Wilcox, Natalie Colabianchi, Andrew T Kaczynski, James Hussey
To examine the effects of a park awareness campaign on park use in 6 community parks. One-group pretest-posttest design. Six community parks located in a South Carolina county. Children, adolescents, and adults observed in community parks. A 1-month awareness campaign that culminated in single 1.5-hour events at 6 parks in April 2011 and May 2011. The System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities was used to objectively measure park use in May 2010 (baseline) and May 2011 (postcampaign). Zero-inflated Poisson models tested whether the number of total park users and the number of park users engaged in sedentary, walking, and vigorous activities differed by observation date...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
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