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Tomoyuki Yoshikawa, Morikazu Miyamoto, Tadashi Aoyama, Hiroaki Soyama, Tomoko Goto, Junko Hirata, Ayako Suzuki, Isao Nagaoka, Hitoshi Tsuda, Kenichi Furuya, Masashi Takano
The activation of JAK2/STAT3 pathway has been reported to have critical roles in several solid tumors. The present study aimed to evaluate the correlation between JAK2/STAT3 activation and clinicopathological parameters in ovarian cancer types. Tissue microarrays made from the patients treated at the National Defense Medical College Hospital between 1984 and 2008 were evaluated using immunohistochemical (IHC) stainings. Medical charts of these patients including IHC results were retrospectively analyzed, and prognostic factors for progression-free survival and overall survival were evaluated...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Susen Burock, Severin Daum, Ulrich Keilholz, Konrad Neumann, Wolfgang Walther, Ulrike Stein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: BMC Cancer
Thai Ha Tran, Jérôme Labanowski, Hervé Gallard
The manganese oxide birnessite adsorbed and catalyzed the transformation of the anthelminthic drug niclosamide (NIS) into 2-chloro-4-nitroaniline (CNA) and 5-chlorosalicylic acid (CSA) at acidic pH. The adsorption of NIS was fitted using a linear isotherm for all conditions and reaction times. Linear adsorption constant Kd was 103 000 L kg-1 at pH 5.0. The rate of transformation was first order with respect to both MnO2 and NIS. At pH 5.0, the second order rate constant was 3.3 (±0.3) × 10-1  M-1  s-1 ...
March 6, 2018: Chemosphere
Siqi Huang, Jing Chen, Ruicheng Tian, Jing Wang, Chenjie Xie, Hongxiang Gao, Yuhua Shan, Jie Hong, Zhen Zhang, Min Xu, Song Gu
BACKGROUND: Hepatoblastoma (HB) is the most common liver cancer found in early childhood. These patients suffer poor outcomes and need novel therapies. An abnormal activation of Wnt signaling is the hallmark of HB tumorigenesis, and its pathway is a potential candidate for a pharmacological intervention. PROCEDURE: Tissue samples of patients with HB were collected for RNA-seq, quantitative real-time PCR, and immunohistochemistry to identify if disheveled-2 (Dvl-2) was a target gene...
March 12, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Y Yi, C Shun-Xiang, H E Zheng-Wen, L I Bo, W You-Bin, T U Zhen, X U Zhao-Gang, H E Hui, X Bo
Objective To evaluate the molluscicidal effect of suspension concentrate of niclosamide ethanolamine salt (SCNE) against Oncomelania hupensis snails in laboratory and field. Methods The experiment of SCNE against the snails by using the immersing and spraying methods was performed in laboratory and field, with control groups of wettable powder of niclosamide ethanolamine salt (WPN). Results In the laboratory, LC50(s) of SCNE for 24, 48 h and 72 h by using the immersion method were 0.092 6, 0.062 9 mg/L and 0...
July 27, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Nagendran Tharmalingam, Jenna Port, Dawilmer Castillo, Eleftherios Mylonakis
There is an urgent need to discover novel antimicrobial therapies. Drug repurposing can reduce the time and cost risk associated with drug development. We report the inhibitory effects of anthelmintic drugs (niclosamide, oxyclozanide, closantel, rafoxanide) against Helicobacter pylori strain 60190 and pursued further characterization of niclosamide against H. pylori. The MIC of niclosamide against H. pylori was 0.25 μg/mL. Niclosamide was stable in acidic pH and demonstrated partial synergy with metronidazole and proton pump inhibitors, such as omeprazole and pantoprazole...
February 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
Xiao-Lin Xiao, Nan Hu, Xin-Zi Zhang, Man Jiang, Chang Chen, Rui Ma, Zhen-Gang Ma, Jin-Lai Gao, Xiu-Chen Xuan, Zhi-Jie Sun, De-Li Dong
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The anti-helminthic drug niclosamide regulates multiple cellular signals including STAT3, AMPK, Akt, Wnt/β-catenin, and mitochondrial uncoupling which involved in neointimal hyperplasia. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to examine the effects of the niclosamide on vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation, migration, and neointimal hyperplasia and elucidate the potential mechanisms. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Cell migration was measured by using wound-induced migration assay and Boyden chamber assay...
February 27, 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
Ming-Hsien Chien, Yung-Chuan Ho, Shun-Fa Yang, Yi-Chieh Yang, Szu-Yu Lai, Wan-Shen Chen, Ming-Jenn Chen, Chao-Bin Yeh
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies in the world, especially, in eastern Asia, and its prognosis is poor once metastasis occurs. Niclosamide, a US Food and Drug Administration-approved antihelmintic drug, was shown to inhibit the growth of various cancers including HCC, but the effect of niclosamide on cell motility and the underlying mechanism have not yet been completely defined. The present study demonstrated that niclosamide, at 0-40 nM, concentration-dependently inhibited wound closure and the migratory/invasive capacities of human Huh7 and SK-Hep-1 HCC cells without exhibiting cytotoxicity...
February 26, 2018: Environmental Toxicology
He Liang-Cai, Wang Jia-Song, Rong Xian-Bing, Yuan Mei-Zhi, Li Tian-Yan, Liao Qiang, Tan Xian-Yu, Hu Hehua, Tian Ke-Qing, Liu Xiong, Zhang Xia, Su Wen, Cui Cai-Xia, Tian Rong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects and cost of four formulations of niclosamide ethanolamine salt in Oncomelania hupensis snail control in the field in marshland and lake regions, so as to provide the evidence for drawing up the plan of molluscicide using in schistosomiasis endemic areas. METHODS: One drainage channel and one channel without water in the same area with snails in Jiangling County, Jingzhou City were selected as the research fields. The drainage channel was divided into 9 sections, except one section as a blank control group where the natural death rate of snails was observed only, and the remaining 8 sections were taken as the observation groups, where different dosages of 4% niclosamide ethanolamine salt powder, 5% niclosamide ethanolamine salt granules, 25% niclosamide ethanolamine salt suspending agent, 26% metaldehyde and niclosamide ethanolamine salt suspending agent, and 50% niclosamide ethanolamine salt wettable powder were used respectively...
December 26, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Amer Alasadi, Michael Chen, G V T Swapna, Hanlin Tao, Jingjing Guo, Juan Collantes, Noor Fadhil, Gaetano T Montelione, Shengkan Jin
Metabolism of cancer cells is characterized by aerobic glycolysis, or the Warburg effect. Aerobic glycolysis reduces pyruvate flux into mitochondria, preventing a complete oxidation of glucose and shunting glucose to anabolic pathways essential for cell proliferation. Here we tested a new strategy, mitochondrial uncoupling, for its potential of antagonizing the anabolic effect of aerobic glycolysis and for its potential anticancer activities. Mitochondrial uncoupling is a process that facilitates proton influx across the mitochondrial inner membrane without generating ATP, stimulating a futile cycle of acetyl- CoA oxidation...
February 13, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Hee-Don Chae, Nick Cox, Gary V Dahl, Norman J Lacayo, Kara L Davis, Samanta Capolicchio, Mark Smith, Kathleen M Sakamoto
CREB (cAMP Response Element Binding protein) is a transcription factor that is overexpressed in primary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells and associated with a decreased event-free survival and increased risk of relapse. We recently reported a small molecule inhibitor of CREB, XX-650-23, which inhibits CREB activity in AML cells. Structure-activity relationship analysis for chemical compounds with structures similar to XX-650-23 led to the identification of the anthelminthic drug niclosamide as a potent anti-leukemic agent that suppresses cell viability of AML cell lines and primary AML cells without a significant decrease in colony forming activity of normal bone marrow cells...
January 12, 2018: Oncotarget
Haroon Mohammad, Ahmed AbdelKhalek, Nader S Abutaleb, Mohamed N Seleem
Enterococci are commensal microorganisms present in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of humans. Though normally innocuous to the host, strains of Enterococcus exhibiting resistance to vancomycin (VRE) have been associated with high rates of infection and mortality in immunocompromised patients. Decolonization of VRE represents a key strategy to curb infection in highly-susceptible patients. However, there is a dearth of decolonizing agents available clinically that are effective against VRE. The present study confirms that niclosamide, an anthelmintic drug, has potent antibacterial activity against clinical isolates of vancomycin-resistant E...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Dana M Cairns, Devi Sai Sri Kavya Boorgu, Michael Levin, David L Kaplan
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-transmitted flavivirus with a causative link to microcephaly, a condition resulting in reduced cranial size and brain abnormalities. Despite recent progress, there is a current lack of in vivo models that permit the study of systemic virus on human neurons in a developing organism that replicates the pathophysiology of human disease. Furthermore, no treatment to date has been reported to reduce ZIKV-induced microcephaly. We tested the effects of ZIKV on human induced neural stem cells (hiNSCs) in vitro and found that infected hiNSCs secrete inflammatory cytokines, display altered differentiation, and become apoptotic...
January 29, 2018: Biology Open
Yves-Nathan T Tian-Bi, Mamadou Ouattara, Stefanie Knopp, Jean T Coulibaly, Eveline Hürlimann, Bonnie Webster, Fiona Allan, David Rollinson, Aboulaye Meïté, Nana R Diakité, Cyrille K Konan, Eliézer K N'Goran, Jürg Utzinger
BACKGROUND: To achieve a world free of schistosomiasis, the objective is to scale up control and elimination efforts in all endemic countries. Where interruption of transmission is considered feasible, countries are encouraged to implement a comprehensive intervention package, including preventive chemotherapy, information, education and communication (IEC), water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), and snail control. In northern and central Côte d'Ivoire, transmission of Schistosoma haematobium is seasonal and elimination might be achieved...
January 29, 2018: BMC Public Health
Bei Jin, Chengyan Wang, Yingying Shen, Jingxuan Pan
Tyrosine kinase BCR-ABL fusion protein is the driver in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). The gate-keeper mutation T315I is the most challenging mutant due to its resistance to most tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). The third generation TKI ponatinib is the only effective TKI to treat CML patients harboring T315I-BCR-ABL mutation, but with high rate of major arterial thrombotic events. Alternative strategies to specifically target T315I-BCR-ABL are needed for the treatment of CML patients harboring such a mutation...
January 22, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Alessia Settesoldi, Alessandro Tozzi, Ottaviano Tarantino
Taenia spp. are flatworms of the class Cestoda, whose definitive hosts are humans and primates. Human infestation (taeniasis) results from the ingestion of raw meat contaminated with encysted larval tapeworms and is considered relatively harmless and mostly asymptomatic. Anemia is not recognized as a possible sign of taeniasis and taeniasis-induced hemorrhage is not described in medical books. Its therapy is based on anthelmintics such praziquantel, niclosamide or albendazole. Here we describe a case of acute ileal bleeding in an Italian man affected with both Taenia spp...
December 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Saba Naqvi, Shanid Mohiyuddin, P Gopinath
Chitosan nanoparticles can advance the pharmacological and therapeutic properties of chemotherapeutic agents by controlling release rates and targeted delivery process, which eliminates the limitations of conventional anti-cancer therapies and they are also safe as well as cost-effective. The aim of present study is to explore the anti-tumour effect of niclosamide in lung and breast cancer cell lines using biocompatible and biodegradable carrier where nanoparticles loaded with hydrophobic drug (niclosamide) were synthesized, characterized and applied as a stable anti-cancer agent...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
Chaojun Song, Bo Fan, Zhengzheng Xiao
Aristaless-like homeobox 4 (ALK4) is a member of ALK proteins family and plays an important role in tumorigenesis. However, the expression and function of ALK4 in glioma remain largely unknown. The aim of our study was to elucidate its expression pattern in human glioma tissues and cell lines, as well as its functions in glioma cells. Our results demonstrated that ALK4 was lowly expressed in human glioma tissues and cell lines. Additionally, overexpression of ALK4 significantly suppressed the proliferation, migration and invasion of glioma cells, as well as inhibited the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) phenotype in glioma cells...
December 23, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Xiaoxu Li, Zhicheng Yang, Zewen Han, Yanhui Wen, Zeyun Ma, Yixiang Wang
Tumors require nutrients and oxygen for growth and metastasis. Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) has been found as a new manner of blood supply, which is characterized as the formation of tumor cell-lined vessels instead of endothelial vessels. This is why angiogenesis agents targeted to endothelial cells show a limited efficacy. Up to this point, there is no effective drug reported for inhibiting VM formation. Niclosamide is an oral anti-helminthic drug used to treat human tapeworms. Recent studies have indicated that niclosamide has broad applications for cancer and other diseases...
February 2018: Oncology Reports
Erica Barini, Ageo Miccoli, Federico Tinarelli, Katie Mulholland, Hachemi Kadri, Farhat Khanim, Laste Stojanovski, Kevin D Read, Kerry Burness, Julian J Blow, Youcef Mehellou, Miratul M K Muqit
Mutations in PINK1, which impair its catalytic kinase activity, are causal for autosomal recessive early-onset Parkinson's disease (PD). Various studies have indicated that the activation of PINK1 could be a useful strategy in treating neurodegenerative diseases, such as PD. Herein, it is shown that the anthelmintic drug niclosamide and its analogues are capable of activating PINK1 in cells through the reversible impairment of the mitochondrial membrane potential. With these compounds, for the first time, it is demonstrated that the PINK1 pathway is active and detectable in primary neurons...
March 2, 2018: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
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