Read by QxMD icon Read


Débora Cristina Martins Barbosa, Gabriela Ramos Furman, Aliny de Lima Santos, Carlos Alexandre Molena-Fernandes
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of depression and to identify the main risk factors associated with depression in wives of convicted men. METHOD: Descriptive, cross - sectional, quantitative approach. The data were collected with 349 female partners of convicted patients in three penitentiaries in the state of Paraná, with a semistructured research, between January and June of 2016, being compiled in a database and analyzed using SPSS® 20.0 software. RESULTS: It was possible to identify vulnerability to depression among wives of convicted men, most were young and 42...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Rossana de Aguiar Cordeiro, Ewerton Weslley Caracas Cedro, Ana Raquel Colares Andrade, Rosana Serpa, Antonio José de Jesus Evangelista, Jonathas Sales de Oliveira, Vandbergue Santos Pereira, Lucas Pereira Alencar, Patrícia Bruna Leite Mendes, Bárbara Cibelle Soares Farias, Vânia Maria Maciel Melo, Zoilo Pires de Camargo, Débora de Souza Collares Maia Castelo-Branco, Raimunda Sâmia Nogueira Brilhante, José Júlio Costa Sidrim, Marcos Fábio Gadelha Rocha
The present study aimed to investigate the inhibitory effect of a bacterial biosurfactant (TIM96) on clinical strains of Trichosporon. Additionally, the effect of TIM96 on the ergosterol content, cell membrane integrity, and the hydrophobicity of planktonic cells was assessed. The inhibitory activity of TIM96 against Trichosporon biofilms was evaluated by analyzing metabolic activity, biomass and morphology. MIC values ranged from 78.125 to 312.5 μg ml-1 for TIM96; time-kill curves revealed that the decline in the number of fungal cells started after incubation for 6 h with TIM96 at both MIC and 2×MIC...
March 21, 2018: Biofouling
Josiel Borges Ferreira, Renato Diógenes Macedo Paiva, Ana Carla Diógenes Suassuna Bezerra, José Ernandes Rufino de Sousa, Débora Andréa Evangelista Façanha
Diagnosing the effects of helminth infections is an efficient way to manage the problem in ruminant production systems. Selection of animals in a flock that are infected with Haemonchus has traditionally involved differential packed cell volume measurements (PCV), and in recent years, the FAMACHA© system has been used. However, few small analytical changes have been made. The objective of this study was to examine the influence of different diagnoses linked to packed cell volume (PCV) and FAMACHA© system scores in native ewes, using a multivariate approach...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
Elena Okada, Débora Pérez, Eduardo De Gerónimo, Virginia Aparicio, Héctor Massone, José Luis Costa
We measured the occurrence and seasonal variations of glyphosate and its metabolite, aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA), in different environmental compartments within the limits of an agricultural basin. This topic is of high relevance since glyphosate is the most applied pesticide in agricultural systems worldwide. We were able to quantify the seasonal variations of glyphosate that result mainly from endo-drift inputs, that is, from direct spraying either onto genetically modified (GM) crops (i.e., soybean and maize) or onto weeds in no-till practices...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Filipe Dantas-Torres, Yury Yzabella da Silva, Débora Elienai de Oliveira Miranda, Kamila Gaudêncio da Silva Sales, Luciana Aguiar Figueredo, Domenico Otranto
BACKGROUND: Ehrlichia canis is a tick-borne bacterium that causes severe, life-threatening disease in dogs, being more prevalent in tropical and subtropical countries. Randomized studies conducted in Brazil indicate that the prevalence of E. canis infection in dogs ranges from 0.7% to over 50.0%. In a study conducted in northern Brazil, the prevalence was higher in dogs from urban areas, as compared to dogs from rural areas. In the present study, we investigated the exposure to Ehrlichia spp...
March 20, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Debora Fontanini, Andrea Andreucci, Monica Ruffini Castiglione, Adriana Basile, Sergio Sorbo, Alessandro Petraglia, Francesca Degola, Erika Bellini, Laura Bruno, Claudio Varotto, Luigi Sanità di Toppi
Although some charophytes (sister group to land plants) have been shown to synthesize phytochelatins (PCs) in response to cadmium (Cd), the functional characterization of their phytochelatin synthase (PCS) is still completely lacking. To investigate the metal response and the presence of PCS in charophytes, we focused on the species Nitella mucronata. A 40 kDa immunoreactive PCS band was revealed in mono-dimensional western blot by using a polyclonal antibody against Arabidopsis thaliana PCS1. In two-dimensional western blot, the putative PCS showed various spots with acidic isoelectric points, presumably originated by post-translational modifications...
March 13, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Sarah Ivy Gallagher, Debora Candace Matthews
Background: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate whether patients with gingival recession would benefit from an acellular dermal matrix graft (ADMG) in ways that are comparable to the gold standard of the subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG). Materials and Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis comparing ADMG to SCTG for the treatment of Miller Class I and II recession defects was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines. PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases were searched up to March 2016 for controlled trials with minimum 6 months duration...
November 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Debora Rodrigues Jozala, Isabelle Stefan de Faria Oliveira, Erika Veruska Paiva Ortolan, Wilson Elias de Oliveira Junior, Giovana Tuccille Comes, Vanessa Mello Granado Cassettari, Mariella Marie Self, Pedro Luiz Toledo de Arruda Lourenção
OBJECTIVE: To translate and culturally adapt the modified Bristol Stool Form Scale for children into Brazilian Portuguese, and to evaluate the reproducibility of the translated version. METHODS: The stage of translation and cross-cultural adaptation was performed according to an internationally accepted methodology, including the translation, back-translation, and pretest application of the translated version to a sample of 74 children to evaluate the degree of understanding...
March 15, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Jacqueline Garcia Duarte, Rodolfo Duarte Nascimento, Patrícia Rocha Martins, Débora d'Ávila Reis
Megaesophagus is one of the major manifestations of the chronic phase of Chagas disease. Its primary symptom is generally dysphagia due to disturbance in the lower esophageal sphincter. Microscopically, the affected organ presents denervation, which has been considered as consequence of an inflammatory process that begins at the acute phase and persists in the chronic phase. Inflammatory infiltrates are composed of lymphocytes, macrophages, natural killer cells, mast cells, and eosinophils. In this study, we evaluated the immunoreactivity of nerve growth factor (NGF), and of its receptor tropomyosin receptor kinase A (TrkA), molecules that are well known for having a relevant role in neuroimmune communication in the gastrointestinal tract...
March 17, 2018: Parasitology Research
Gabriela Ambrósio, Fernanda N Kaufmann, Luana Manosso, Nicolle Platt, Gabriele Ghisleni, Ana Lúcia S Rodrigues, Débora K Rieger, Manuella P Kaster
This narrative review will present and discuss clinical data from 16 cross-sectional and 6 longitudinal studies examining the relationship between body mass index (BMI), symptoms of depression and peripheral inflammation. Our aim is to determine which of obesity and depression contributes best to the peripheral low-grade inflammation frequently associated to both conditions. Studies including a complete evaluation of inflammatory markers are scarce and high levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) are the most consistent findings associated with obesity and symptoms of depression...
March 9, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Luca Roscini, Alice Vassiliou, Laura Corte, Debora Casagrande Pierantoni, Vincent Robert, Carlo Tascini, Sara Mattana, Martina Alunni Cardinali, Stylianos E Orfanos, Daniele Fioretto, Gianluigi Cardinali
Medical and environmental microbiology have two distinct, although very short, histories stemming, the first from the pioneering works of Sommelweiss, Pasteur, Lister and Koch, the second mainly from the studies of Bejerink and Winogradsky. These two branches of microbiology evolved and specialized separately producing distinct communities and evolving rather different approaches and techniques. The evidence accumulated in recent decades indicate that indeed most of the medically relevant microorganisms have a short circulation within the nosocomial environment and a larger one involving the external, i...
March 2018: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
Rossana A Cordeiro, Jamille A Sales, Yago B de Ponte, Patrícia B L Mendes, Rosana Serpa, Antônio J Evangelista, Lucas P de Alencar, Waldemiro de A Pereira-Neto, Raimunda S N Brilhante, José J C Sidrim, Débora S C M Castelo-Branco, Marcos F G Rocha
In this study, phenotypic methods presented >80% agreement with the molecular identification of 59 Candida parapsilosis complex. Growth at 15% NaCl or pH 7.0 significantly reduced cfu-counts of Candida orthopsilosis, suggesting these conditions may support the development of phenotypic methods for the differentiation of the cryptic species of C. parapsilosis complex.
March 1, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
Kostantinos Kiakos, Bernhard Englinger, Stephanie K Yanow, Debora Wernitznig, Michael A Jakupec, Walter Berger, Bernhard K Keppler, John A Hartley, Moses Lee, Pravin C Patil
HxTfA 4 is a fluorescent analog of a potent cytotoxic and antimalarial agent, TfA 3, which is currently being investigated for the development of an antimalarial vaccine, PlasProtect®. HxTfA contains a p-anisylbenzimidazole or Hx moiety, which is endowed with a blue emission upon excitation at 318 nm; thus enabling it to be used as a surrogate for probing the cellular fate of TfA using confocal microscopy, and addressing the question of nuclear localization. HxTfA exhibits similar selectivity to TfA for A-tract sequences of DNA, alkylating adenine-N3, albeit at 10-fold higher concentrations...
March 5, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Glaucia Resende Soares, Carolina Foot Gomes de Moura, Marcelo Jose Dias Silva, Wagner Vilegas, Aline Boveto Santamarina, Luciana Pellegrini Pisani, Debora Estadella, Daniel Araki Ribeiro
The aim of this study was to evaluate the chemopreventive potential of purple carrot extract following rat tongue carcinogenesis induced by 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4NQO). For this purpose, histopathological analysis, proliferative status, antioxidant activity and inflammatory status were investigated in this setting. A total of 20 male rats were distributed into four groups as follows (n = 5 per group): Group 1-free access to water and commercial diet for 12 weeks; Group 2-received 4NQO at 50 ppm dose in drinking water daily and commercial diet for 12 weeks; Group 3-free access to water and received diet supplemented with purple carrot extract (0...
March 15, 2018: Medical Oncology
Débora Finger, Fábio Juner Lanferdini, Juliano Boufleur Farinha, Clarissa Müller Brusco, Lucas Helal, Francesco Pinto Boeno, Eduardo Lusa Cadore, Ronei Silveira Pinto
INTRODUCTION: Protein (PRO) combined with a carbohydrate (CHO) beverage may have an ergogenic effect on endurance performance. However, evidence regarding its efficacy on similar conditions to athletes' race day is still lacking. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of three different nutritional supplementation strategies on performance and muscle recovery in a duathlon protocol. METHODS: , 13 male athletes (29.7 ± 7.7 years) participated in three simulated Olympic-distance duathlons under three different, randomly assigned, supplementation regimens: carbohydrate drink (CHO, 75 g); isocaloric CHO plus protein drink (CHO+PRO, 60...
March 15, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Raffaella Mastrocola, Ilario Ferrocino, Erica Liberto, Fausto Chiazza, Alessia Sofia Cento, Debora Collotta, Giulia Querio, Debora Nigro, Valeria Bitonto, Juan Carlos Cutrin, Kalliopi Rantsiou, Mariaconcetta Durante, Emanuela Masini, Manuela Aragno, Chiara Cordero, Luca Cocolin, Massimo Collino
Despite clinical findings suggesting that the form (liquid versus solid) of the sugars may significantly affect the development of metabolic diseases, no experimental data are available on the impact of their formulations on gut microbiota, integrity and hepatic outcomes. In the present sudy, C57Bl/6j mice were fed a standard diet plus water (SD), a standard diet plus 60% fructose syrup (L-Fr) or a 60% fructose solid diet plus water (S-Fr) for 12 weeks. Gut microbiota was characterized through 16S rRNA phylogenetic profiling and shotgun sequencing of microbial genes in ileum content and related volatilome profiling...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Antonio A F De Salles, Daniel A N Barbosa, Fernando Fernandes, Julio Abucham, Debora M Nazato, Juliana D Oliveira, Abrão Cury, Alexandre Biasi, Ronaldo Rossi, Camila Lasagno, Priscila T Bueno, Renato H N Santos, Lucas P Damiani, Alessandra A Gorgulho
BACKGROUND: Human morbid obesity is increasing worldwide in an alarming way. The hypothalamus is known to mediate its mechanisms. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) may be an alternative to treat patients refractory to standard medical and surgical therapies. OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety, identify possible side effects, and to optimize stimulation parameters of continuous VMH-DBS. Additionally, this study aims to determine if continuous VMH-DBS will lead to weight loss by causing changes in body composition, basal metabolism, or food intake control...
March 12, 2018: Neurosurgery
Debora de Souza Santos, Silvana Martins Mishima, Emerson Elias Merhy
This is a study with a qualitative approach that aims to analyze the subjective dimension of the Family Health teams' practices conducted in order to reconfigure the care model, using the work process in health as the fundamental analytical category from the Marxist standpoint. The data gathering tool used was the focus group, applied in 13 Family Health teams in Maceió, Alagoas. Thematic analysis combined with principles of hermeneutics and dialectics was used for treatment and interpretation of the data...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Rogerio Ferreira Liporaci, Marcelo Camargo Saad, Julio César Crescêncio, Fabiana Marques, Debora Bevilaqua-Grossi, Lourenço Gallo-Júnior
BACKGROUND: Maintenance of orthostatism requires the interaction of autonomic and muscle responses for an efficient postural control, to minimize body motion and facilitate venous return in a common type of syncope called neurocardiogenic syncope (NCS). Muscle activity in standing position may be registered by surface electromyography, and body sway confirmed by displacement of the center of pressure (COP) on a force platform. These peripheral variables reflect the role of muscles in the maintenance of orthostatism during the active tilt test, which, compared with muscle activity during the passive test (head-up tilt test), enables the analyses of electromyographic activity of these muscles that may anticipate the clinical effects of CNS during these tests...
January 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Débora Stephanie Ribeiro, Fernanda Mendes Lages Ribeiro, Suely Ferreira Deslandes
The aim of this article is to analyze how professionals in the mental health teams of the juvenile detention system in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, perceive the relations with the external Network of Psychosocial Care in dealing with mental health issues in adolescents serving time in juvenile detention centers. Nine interviews were held with mental health professionals in the system, and the results were presented with Fairclough's critical discourse analysis as the reference. The results were organized in three parts: the relationship between the juvenile detention system's mental health teams and the external services, difficulties experienced by the teams from the detention centers and the external network's services, and prospects and proposals...
March 12, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"