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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781395/judicialization-2-0-understanding-right-to-health-litigation-in-real-time
#1
João Biehl, Mariana P Socal, Varun Gauri, Debora Diniz, Marcelo Medeiros, Gabriela Rondon, Joseph J Amon
Over the past two decades, debate over the whys, the hows, and the effects of the ever-expanding phenomenon of right-to-health litigation ('judicialization') throughout Latin America have been marked by polarised arguments and limited information. In contrast to claims of judicialization as a positive or negative trend, less attention has been paid to ways to better understand the phenomenon in real time. In this article, we propose a new approach-Judicialization 2.0-that recognises judicialization as an integral part of democratic life...
May 21, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773825/consistent-prediction-of-go-protein-localization
#2
Flavio E Spetale, Debora Arce, Flavia Krsticevic, Pilar Bulacio, Elizabeth Tapia
The GO-Cellular Component (GO-CC) ontology provides a controlled vocabulary for the consistent description of the subcellular compartments or macromolecular complexes where proteins may act. Current machine learning-based methods used for the automated GO-CC annotation of proteins suffer from the inconsistency of individual GO-CC term predictions. Here, we present FGGA-CC+ , a class of hierarchical graph-based classifiers for the consistent GO-CC annotation of protein coding genes at the subcellular compartment or macromolecular complex levels...
May 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773202/impaired-short-term-plasticity-in-restless-legs-syndrome-a-pilot-rtms-study
#3
Giuseppe Lanza, Bartolo Lanuzza, Debora Aricò, Mariagiovanna Cantone, Filomena Irene Ilaria Cosentino, Rita Bella, Giovanni Pennisi, Raffaele Ferri, Manuela Pennisi
BACKGROUND: Previous studies showed an impairment of the LTP-like plasticity to TMS in restless legs syndrome (RLS). Clinically, repetitive TMS (rTMS) was effective in alleviating the sensory-motor complaints of patients, although the effects induced by low-frequency (inhibitory) rTMS have not yet been investigated. An impaired LTD-like mechanism of cortical plasticity has been hypothesized, which we have directly assessed in this pilot study. METHODS: Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) from the right first dorsal interosseus muscle were recorded at the stimulus intensity of 110% of the resting motor threshold (rMT) from 13 right-handed patients and ten age-matched right-handed healthy controls...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771769/systemic-chemotherapy-for-advanced-rare-pancreatic-histotype-tumors-a-retrospective-multicenter-analysis
#4
Oronzo Brunetti, Giuseppe Aprile, Paolo Marchetti, Enrico Vasile, Andrea Casadei Gardini, Mario Scartozzi, Sandro Barni, Sara Delfanti, Fernando De Vita, Francesco Di Costanzo, Michele Milella, Chiara Alessandra Cella, Rossana Berardi, Ivana Cataldo, Aldo Scarpa, Debora Basile, Federica Mazzuca, Giusi Graziano, Antonella Argentiero, Daniele Santini, Michele Reni, Stefano Cascinu, Nicola Silvestris
OBJECTIVES: Two issues were put forth by clinicians in the management of the advanced stages of rare variants of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and other exocrine histotypes with peculiar clinical and pathological features: Do chemotherapy regimens recommended in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma patients have a clinical activity in rare pancreatic tumors? Or should other chemotherapy combinations be considered in this subset of patients? METHODS: We conducted a multicenter retrospective study that collected data from 2005 to 2016 at 14 Italian cancer centers with the aim to evaluate tumor response and time to progression for first- and second-line and overall survival...
May 15, 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771766/prevalence-of-extrapancreatic-malignancies-among-patients-with-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasms-of-the-pancreas
#5
Nikola Panic, Federico Macchini, Sonia Solito, Stefania Boccia, Emanuele Leoncini, Alberto Larghi, Debora Berretti, Sara Pevere, Salvatore Vadala, Marco Marino, Maurizio Zilli, Milutin Bulajic
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a study in order to assess the prevalence of extrapancreatic malignancies (EPMs) in a cohort of patients with intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) from northeast of Italy. METHODS: A study was conducted in hospital Santa Maria della Misericordia, Udine, Italy. Hospital records were screened in order to identify newly diagnosed IPMN cases in the period from January 1, 2009, to December 31, 2015. We searched for EPMs diagnosed previous to, synchronous to, or after the IPMN...
May 17, 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770409/acemetacin-phosphatidylcholine-interactions-are-determined-by-the-drug-ionization-state
#6
Catarina Pereira-Leite, Cláudia Nunes, Débora Grahl, José C Bozelli, Shirley Schreier, Christina S Kamma-Lorger, Iolanda M Cuccovia, Salette Reis
Gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity is a major drawback of the chronic use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The NSAIDs topical actions on the protective phospholipid layers of the GI mucosa seem to be a central toxicity mechanism of these pharmaceuticals. This work describes the interactions of acemetacin, a commercialized NSAID, with 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC) bilayers at pH 3.0, 5.0, and 7.4. This pH range was chosen to mimic the pH gradient found in the gastric mucosa, and to ultimately gain insights into the mechanisms underlying the acemetacin-induced gastric toxicity...
May 17, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769155/fostering-career-awareness-in-elementary-schools-evaluation-of-an-intervention-proposal
#7
Renato Gomes Carvalho, Margarida Pocinho, Débora Fernandes
Research literature has been increasingly focusing on children's career development, especially when school contexts are considered. In the present study, we evaluate the efficacy of a short-term intervention program designed to foster career awareness in elementary school. The sample consisted of 155 Portuguese fifth- and sixth-grade students, aged nine to fifteen years old (M = 11, SD = 1). With a quasi-experimental design, the sample was divided into two groups, namely, the participants in the program and the controls...
May 17, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768938/double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-clinical-trial-of-ginger-zingiber-officinale-rosc-addition-in-migraine-acute-treatment
#8
Laís Bhering Martins, Ana Maria Dos Santos Rodrigues, Débora Fernandes Rodrigues, Luana Caroline Dos Santos, Antônio Lúcio Teixeira, Adaliene Versiani Matos Ferreira
Background Previous studies have demonstrated the analgesic effects of ginger in different conditions, but evidence about its efficacy in migraine treatment is scarce. Objective This study aimed to evaluate the potential of ginger to improve acute migraine as an add-on strategy to standard treatment. Methods A double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial in the emergency room of a general hospital was conducted. Patients who sought medical care at the time of migraine attack were enrolled in this study...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768706/bismesitoylphosphinic-acid-bapo-oh-a-ligand-for-copper-complexes-and-four-electron-photoreductant-for-the-preparation-of-copper-nanomaterials
#9
Andreas Beil, Georgina Müller, Debora Käser, Bodo Hattendorf, Zhongshu Li, Frank Krumeich, Amos Rosenthal, Vijay Kumar Rana, Hartmut Schönberg, Zoltán Benkő, Hansjörg Grützmacher
Bismesitoylphosphinic acid, (HO)PO(COMes)2 (BAPO-OH), is an efficient photoinitiator for free-radical polymerizations of olefins in aqueous phase. Described here are the structures of various copper(II) and copper(I) complexes with BAPO-OH as the ligand. The complex CuII (BAPO-O)2 (H2 O)2 is photoactive, and under irradiation with UV light in aqueous phase, it serves as a source of metallic copper in high purity and yield (>80 %). Simultaneously, the radical polymerization of acrylates can be initiated and allows the preparation of nanoparticle/polymer nanocomposites in which the metallic Cu nanoparticles are protected against oxidation...
May 16, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763721/new-insights-into-hypoxia-related-mechanisms-involved-in-different-microvascular-patterns-of-bronchopulmonary-carcinoids-and-poorly-differentiated-neuroendocrine-carcinomas-role-of-ribonuclease-t2-rnaset2-and-hif-1-alpha
#10
Silvia Uccella, Stefano La Rosa, Debora Scaldaferri, Laura Monti, Roberta Maragliano, Elisa Sorrenti, Marzia Gariboldi, Roberto Taramelli, Fausto Sessa, Francesco Acquati
Ribonuclease T2 (RNASET2) is a pleiotropic and polyfunctional protein, which exerts several different activities in neoplastic cells since the early steps of tumor development. Besides having an antitumorigenic activity, RNASET2 inhibits both bFGF-induced and VEGF-induced angiogenesis and has a role as a stress-response, alarmin-like, protein. In this study, we investigated RNASET2 expression in well-differentiated and poorly differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasms of the lung (Lu-NENs), which are known to show clear-cut differences in morphology, biology and clinical behavior...
May 12, 2018: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762482/nanocomposites-based-on-biodegradable-polymers
#11
REVIEW
Ilaria Armentano, Debora Puglia, Francesca Luzi, Carla Renata Arciola, Francesco Morena, Sabata Martino, Luigi Torre
In the present review paper, our main results on nanocomposites based on biodegradable polymers (on a time scale from 2010 to 2018) are reported. We mainly focused our attention on commercial biodegradable polymers, which we mixed with different nanofillers and/or additives with the final aim of developing new materials with tunable specific properties. A wide list of nanofillers have been considered according to their shape, properties, and functionalization routes, and the results have been discussed looking at their roles on the basis of different adopted processing routes (solvent-based or melt-mixing processes)...
May 15, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755852/high-frequency-generator-in-wound-healing-of-marjolin-s-ulcer-after-carcinoma-resection
#12
Pascale Mutti Tacani, Rogério Eduardo Tacani, Aline Fernanda Perez Machado, Débora Montezello, João Carlos Guedes Sampaio Góes, Angela Gonçalves Marx, Richard Eloin Liebano
Marjolin's ulcers (MU) are skin malignancies that form over burn injuries. These very aggressive ulcers can result in functional and wound healing impairment, and require a well thought out treatment plan. Physiotherapy offers resources to help promote recovery of these patients, as described in this case report, in which the patient with a history of burn in the lower limbs evolved to malignancy 32 years later. This patient underwent tumor resection of the left foot, with recurrence and lymphadenectomy . Physical therapy included the application of high-frequency generator (HFG) for wound healing and exercises for functional recovery...
May 1, 2018: Advances in Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751665/long-non-coding-rnas-in-multifactorial-diseases-another-layer-of-complexity
#13
REVIEW
Gabriel A Cipolla, Jaqueline C de Oliveira, Amanda Salviano-Silva, Sara C Lobo-Alves, Debora S Lemos, Luana C Oliveira, Tayana S Jucoski, Carolina Mathias, Gabrielle A Pedroso, Erika P Zambalde, Daniela F Gradia
Multifactorial diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular conditions and neurological, immunological and metabolic disorders are a group of diseases caused by the combination of genetic and environmental factors. High-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) technologies have revealed that less than 2% of the genome corresponds to protein-coding genes, although most of the human genome is transcribed. The other transcripts include a large variety of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), and the continuous generation of RNA-seq data shows that ncRNAs are strongly deregulated and may be important players in pathological processes...
May 11, 2018: Non-Coding RNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751117/cell-death-mechanisms-in-leishmania-amazonensis-triggered-by-methylene-blue-mediated-antiparasitic-photodynamic-therapy
#14
Débora P Aureliano, José Angelo Lauletta Lindoso, Sandra Regina de Castro Soares, Cleusa Fumika Hirata Takakura, Thiago Martini Pereira, Martha Simões Ribeiro
Antiparasitic photodynamic therapy (ApPDT) is an emerging approach to manage cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) since no side effects, contraindications and parasite resistance have been reported. In addition, methylene blue (MB) is a suitable photosensitizer to mediate ApPDT on CL. In this study we aimed to look for the best parameters to eradicate Leishmania amazonensis and investigated the cell death pathways involved in MB-mediated ApPDT. MB uptake by parasites was determined using different MB concentrations (50, 100, 250 and 500 μM) and incubation times (10, 30 and 60 min)...
May 8, 2018: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751075/analysis-by-uplc-ms-qtof-and-antifungal-activity-of-guava-psidium-guajava-l
#15
Camila Fonseca Bezerra, Janaína Esmeraldo Rocha, Maria Karollyna do Nascimento Silva, Thiago Sampaio de Freitas, Amanda Karine de Sousa, Antônia Thassya Lucas Dos Santos, Rafael Pereira da Cruz, Maciel Horácio Ferreira, Josefa Carolaine Pereira da Silva, Antonio Judson Targino Machado, Joara Nályda Pereira Carneiro, Débora Lima Sales, Henrique Douglas Melo Coutinho, Paulo Riceli Vasconcelos Ribeiro, Edy Sousa de Brito, Maria Flaviana Bezerra Morais-Braga
Psidium guajava L. is a plant widely used for food and in folk medicine all over the world. Studies have shown that guava leaves have antifungal properties. In this study, Flavonoid and Tannic fractions were tested to investigate their chemical composition and antifungal potential in vitro.21 compounds in the two fractions, presenting a higher content of phenolic compounds. The antifungal assays were performed against Candida albicans, Candida tropicalis and Candida krusei by microdilution to determine the IC50 and the cell viability curve...
May 8, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749268/corticosterone-assimilation-by-a-voluntary-oral-administration-in-palatable-food-to-rats
#16
Juliana Raya, Carlos Eduardo Neves Girardi, Débora Cristina Hipólide
Drug delivery in research on nonhuman animals in the laboratory is still challenging because it is usually invasive and stressful. Stress-free voluntary oral drug administration in water lacks precise control of dose and timing of substance ingestion. Voluntary oral consumption of corticosterone has been previously successfully applied in mice using oat flakes, but protocols for oral corticosterone administration in rats remain unavailable. This study assessed the effectiveness of voluntary oral administration to rats of a palatable piece of bread soaked with corticosterone that can be rapidly prepared and is reliably dose- and timing-controllable...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748534/activated-dendritic-cells-modulate-proliferation-and-differentiation-of-human-myoblasts
#17
Leandro Ladislau, Débora M Portilho, Tristan Courau, Alhondra Solares-Pérez, Elisa Negroni, Jeanne Lainé, David Klatzmann, Adriana Bonomo, Yves Allenbach, Olivier Benveniste, Ingo Riederer, Wilson Savino, Vincent Mouly, Gillian Butler-Browne, Claudia F Benjamim
Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathies (IIMs) are a heterogeneous group of autoimmune diseases affecting skeletal muscle tissue homeostasis. They are characterized by muscle weakness and inflammatory infiltration with tissue damage. Amongst the cells in the muscle inflammatory infiltration, dendritic cells (DCs) are potent antigen-presenting and key components in autoimmunity exhibiting an increased activation in inflamed tissues. Since, the IIMs are characterized by the focal necrosis/regeneration and muscle atrophy, we hypothesized that DCs may play a role in these processes...
May 10, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747662/progressive-mobility-program-and-technology-to-increase-the-level-of-physical-activity-and-its-benefits-in-respiratory-muscular-system-and-functionality-of-icu-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Debora Stripari Schujmann, Adriana Claudia Lunardi, Carolina Fu
BACKGROUND: Enhanced mobility in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) could minimize the negative effects of critical illness, such as declines in cognitive, muscular, respiratory, and functional capacity. We aim to compare the functional status at ICU discharge of patients who underwent a progressive mobilization protocol versus patients who received conventional physiotherapy. We also examine the level of physical activity in the ICU, the degree of pulmonary and muscle function, and the length of stay to analyze correlations between these variables...
May 10, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745772/specificity-elicits-higher-maximal-and-submaximal-cardiorespiratory-responses-during-a-new-taekwondo-aerobic-test
#19
Matheus Hausen, Pedro Paulo Soares, Marcus Paulo Araujo, Débora Esteves, Hilbert Julio, Roberto Tauil, Marcus Junca, Flávia Porto, Emerson Franchini, Craig Alan Bridge, Jonas Gurgel
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to propose and validate new taekwondo-specific cardiopulmonary exercise tests. METHODS: Twelve male national-level taekwondo athletes (age 20 ± 2 yrs; body mass 67.5 ± 5.7 kg; height 175 ± 8 cm; training experience 7 ± 3 yrs) performed three separate exercise tests in a randomized counterbalanced order: 1) a Treadmill Running Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test (CPET); 2) Continuous and 3) Interval Taekwondo Cardiopulmonary Exercise Tests (cTKDet and iTKDet, respectively)...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745048/new-1-2-3-triazole-based-analogues-of-benznidazole-for-use-against-trypanosoma-cruzi-infection-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluations
#20
Débora Inácio Leite, Fábio de Vasconcellos Fontes, Monica Macedo Bastos, Lucas Villas Boas Hoelz, Maria da Conceição Avelino Dias Bianco, Andressa Paula de Oliveira, Patricia Bernardino da Silva, Cristiane França da Silva, Denise da Gama Jean Batista, Aline Nefertiti Silva da Gama, Raiza Brandão Peres, Jose Daniel Figueroa Villar, Maria de Nazaré Correia Soeiro, Nubia Boechat
Chagas disease (CD) has spread throughout the world mainly because of the migration of infected individuals. In Brazil, only benznidazole (Bnz) is used; however, it is toxic and not active in the chronic phase, and cases of resistance are described. This work aimed at the synthesis and the trypanocidal evaluation in vitro and in vivo of six new Bnz analogues (3-8). They were designed by exploring the bioisosteric substitution between the amide group contained in Bnz and the 1,2,3-triazole ring. All the compounds were synthesized in good yields...
May 9, 2018: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
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