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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925299/biomimicking-of-a-swim-bladder-and-its-application-as-a-mini-generator
#1
Mengmeng Song, Mengjiao Cheng, Meng Xiao, Lina Zhang, Guannan Ju, Feng Shi
A model fish with man-made swim bladder achieves fast vertical motions based on density adjustments in a pressure-responsive way. When exposed to a magnetic field, a mini-generator is achieved by harvesting energy from the environment, working with pressure differences in the blood pressure range and at the frequency of a beating heart.
December 7, 2016: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925088/interdisciplinary-care-praxis-in-groups-of-people-living-with-fibromyalgia
#2
Nathália Aparecida Costa Guedes Miranda, Lina Márcia Miguéis Berardinelli, Vera Maria Sabóia, Irma da Silva Brito, Rosângela da Silva Santos
Objectives: to analyze the integrated community therapy model for the empowerment of people living with fibromyalgia and discuss the impact of this interdisciplinary intervention in the health-disease process and self-care. Method: a participatory-approach qualitative study, developed in 2015 with 11 participants at the Laboratory of Physiology Applied to Physical Education of the Rio de Janeiro State University, RJ. Data production comprised World Café, participant observation and semi-structured interview...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923581/uvb-irradiation-induces-rapid-changes-in-galanin-substance-p-and-c-fos-immunoreactivity-in-rat-dorsal-root-ganglia-and-spinal-cord
#3
Leila Etemadi, Lina M E Pettersson, Nils Danielsen
Recent studies have shown that UVB irradiation induces primary and secondary hyperalgesia in rats and humans peaking about 24hrs after UVB exposure. In the present study we investigated the changes in galanin, substance P and c-fos immunoreactivity in rat DRG and spinal cord at the L5 level 2-96hrs after UVB irradiation. UVB irradiation of the heel area in rats almost increased the skin blood flow two-fold 24hrs after irradiation as measured by laser Doppler technique. UVB irradiation induced a significant reduction of the proportion of galanin positive DRG neurons for all time points, except at 12hrs...
December 3, 2016: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922732/dental-caries-and-associated-factors-in-twins-with-down-syndrome-a-case-report
#4
Maurício José Santos Moreira, Carolina Schwertner, Ana Paula Dall'Onder, Natália Mincato Klaus, Clarissa Cavalcanti Fatturi Parolo, Lina Naomi Hashizume
Down syndrome (DS) is the most common genetic disorder in humans, but its incidence in monozygotic twins is extremely rare. The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with dental caries in a pair of monozygotic twin girls with DS, where one had caries experience and the other did not. Clinical examination, salivary Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) levels and their genotypic diversity, the biochemical composition of the dental biofilm, the frequency of sucrose consumption, and toothbrushing habits were assessed from the twin girls...
December 6, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922681/cxcr4-promotes-cisplatin-resistance-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-a-cyp1b1-dependent-manner
#5
Songping Xie, Zhenbo Tu, Jie Xiong, Ganjun Kang, Lina Zhao, Weidong Hu, Haiyan Tan, Kingsley Miyanda Tembo, Qianshan Ding, Xinzhou Deng, Jie Huang, Qiuping Zhang
Chemoresistance is the main cause of treatment failure and high mortality in advanced lung cancer. Cisplatin, an important chemotherapeutic agent for lung cancer, has been observed to show enormously reduced chemotherapeutic efficacy owing to the development of chemoresistance. CXCR4, a stromal-derived-factor-1 specific chemokine receptor, is highly expressed in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissues and participates in cancer progression by regulating cell growth, apoptosis or invasion. In this study, we therefore investigated whether CXCR4 plays a role in the cisplatin associated resistance in NSCLC...
December 2, 2016: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922207/stimuli-responsive-dna-functionalized-metal-organic-frameworks-mofs
#6
Jason S Kahn, Lina Freage, Natalie Enkin, Miguel Angel Aleman Garcia, Itamar Willner
The synthesis of nucleic acid-functionalized metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) is described. The metal-organic frameworks are loaded with a dye being locked in the structures by means of stimuli-responsive nucleic acid caps. The pH and K(+) -ion-triggered release, and switchable release, are demonstrated.
December 6, 2016: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922025/water-exchange-method-significantly-improves-adenoma-detection-rate-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Hui Jia, Yanglin Pan, Xuegang Guo, Lina Zhao, Xiangping Wang, Linhui Zhang, Tao Dong, Hui Luo, Zhizheng Ge, Jun Liu, Jianyu Hao, Ping Yao, Yao Zhang, Hongyu Ren, Weizhen Zhou, Yujie Guo, Wei Zhang, Xiaolin Chen, Dayong Sun, Xiaoqiang Yang, Xiaoyu Kang, Na Liu, Zhiguo Liu, Felix Leung, Kaichun Wu, Daiming Fan
OBJECTIVES: Adenoma detection rate (ADR) is a key colonoscopy quality indicator in Western clinical literature. Our low ADR prompted us to assess novel methods to improve performance. Western retrospective reports suggested that water exchange (WE) could increase ADR. However, most of these studies used pain score or intubation rate as the primary outcome. Here we test the hypothesis that WE significantly increases ADR among Chinese colonoscopists and design a prospective randomized controlled trial using ADR as our primary outcome...
December 6, 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921202/endogenous-stem-cells-were-recruited-by-defocused-low-energy-shock-wave-in-treating-diabetic-bladder-dysfunction
#8
Yang Jin, Lina Xu, Yong Zhao, Muwen Wang, Xunbo Jin, Haiyang Zhang
Defocused low-energy shock wave (DLSW) has been shown effects on activating mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) in vitro. In this study, recruitment of endogenous stem cells was firstly examined as an important pathway during the healing process of diabetic bladder dysfunction (DBD) treated by DLSW in vivo. Neonatal rats received intraperitoneal injection of 5-ethynyl-2-deoxyuridine (EdU) and then DBD rat model was created by injecting streptozotocin. Four weeks later, DLSW treatment was performed. Afterward, their tissues were examined by histology...
December 5, 2016: Stem Cell Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919775/behavioral-inhibition-and-behavioral-activation-are-related-to-habituation-of-nociceptive-flexion-reflex-but-not-pain-ratings
#9
P Maxwell Slepian, Christopher R France, Jamie L Rhudy, Lina K Himawan, Yvette M Güereca, Bethany L Kuhn, Shreela Palit
: Habituation (i.e., decreases in responding) and sensitization (i.e., increases in responding) following prolonged or repeated exposures to a fixed stimulus, have been identified as important in adaptation to repeated or prolonged noxious stimulation. Determinants of habituation or sensitization are poorly understood, and experimental investigation of habituation of pain ratings have generally relied on pain reports and statistical techniques that average responses across a group of participants...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918903/a-confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-utrecht-work-engagement-scale-for-students-in-a-chinese-sample
#10
Lina Meng, Yi Jin
BACKGROUND: Educational institutions play an important role in encouraging students' engagement with course work. Educators are finding instruments to measure students' engagement in order to develop strategies to improve it. Little is known about the factor structure of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale for Students among Chinese nursing students. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research was to examine the factor structure of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale for Students via confirmatory factor analysis...
November 26, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918268/severe-paediatric-conditions-linked-with-ev-a71-and-ev-d68-france-may-to-october-2016
#11
Denise Antona, Manoëlle Kossorotoff, Isabelle Schuffenecker, Audrey Mirand, Marianne Leruez-Ville, Clément Bassi, Mélodie Aubart, Florence Moulin, Daniel Lévy-Bruhl, Cécile Henquell, Bruno Lina, Isabelle Desguerre
We report 59 cases of severe paediatric conditions linked with enterovirus (EV)-A71 and EV-D68 in France between May and October 2016. Fifty-two children had severe neurological symptoms. EV sequence-based typing for 42 cases revealed EV-A71 in 21 (18 subgenotype C1, detected for the first time in France) and EV-D68 in eight. Clinicians should be encouraged to obtain stool and respiratory specimens from patients presenting with severe neurological disorders for EV detection and characterisation.
November 17, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918264/a-major-impact-of-the-influenza-seasonal-epidemic-on-intensive-care-units-r%C3%A3-union-april-to-august-2016
#12
Laurent Filleul, Dany Bakoly Ranoaritiana, Elsa Balleydier, David Vandroux, Clémence Ferlay, Marie-Christine Jaffar-Bandjee, Julien Jaubert, Bénédicte Roquebert, Bruno Lina, Martine Valette, Bruno Hubert, Sophie Larrieu, Elise Brottet
The 2016 seasonal influenza in Réunion in the southern hemisphere, was dominated by influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 (possibly genogroup 6B.1). An estimated 100,500 patients with acute respiratory infection (ARI) consulted a physician (cumulative attack rate 11.9%). Sixty-six laboratory-confirmed cases (65.7/100,000 ARI consultations) were hospitalised in an intensive care unit, the highest number since 2009. Impact on intensive care units was major. Correlation between severe cases was 0.83 between Réunion and France and good for 2009 to 2015...
November 24, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917880/actin-activates-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-exoy-nucleotidyl-cyclase-toxin-and-exoy-like-effector-domains-from-martx-toxins
#13
Alexander Belyy, Dorothée Raoux-Barbot, Cosmin Saveanu, Abdelkader Namane, Vasily Ogryzko, Lina Worpenberg, Violaine David, Veronique Henriot, Souad Fellous, Christien Merrifield, Elodie Assayag, Daniel Ladant, Louis Renault, Undine Mechold
The nucleotidyl cyclase toxin ExoY is one of the virulence factors injected by the Pseudomonas aeruginosa type III secretion system into host cells. Inside cells, it is activated by an unknown eukaryotic cofactor to synthesize various cyclic nucleotide monophosphates. ExoY-like adenylate cyclases are also found in Multifunctional-Autoprocessing Repeats-in-ToXin (MARTX) toxins produced by various Gram-negative pathogens. Here we demonstrate that filamentous actin (F-actin) is the hitherto unknown cofactor of ExoY...
December 5, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916953/rapid-sensitive-detection-of-bartonella-quintana-by-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-of-the-groel-gene
#14
Shoukui Hu, Lina Niu, Lijuan Luo, Xiuping Song, Jimin Sun, Qiyong Liu
Trench fever, caused by Bartonella quintana, is recognized as a re-emerging and neglected disease. Rapid and sensitive detection approaches are urgently required to monitor and help control B. quintana infections. Here, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), which amplifies target DNA at a fixed temperature with high sensitivity, specificity and rapidity, was employed to detect B. quintana. Thirty-six strains, including 10 B. quintana, 13 other Bartonella spp., and 13 other common pathogens, were applied to verify and evaluate the LAMP assay...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916558/role-of-carvacrol-in-cardioprotection-against-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats-through-activation-of-mapk-erk-and-akt-enos-signaling-pathways
#15
Yunping Chen, Lina Ba, Wei Huang, Yan Liu, Hao Pan, E Mingyao, Pilong Shi, Ye Wang, Shuzhi Li, Hanping Qi, Hongli Sun, Yonggang Cao
Carvacrol (CAR) is a compound isolated from some essential oils, many studies have demonstrated its therapeutic potential on different diseases. This study aims to evaluate the protective effect of CAR against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats. Male adult rats underwent ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) in I/R models. Rats were treated with CAR after LAD. The levels of I/R- induced infarct size, cardiomyocyte apoptosis and cardiac functional impairment were examined...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916508/development-of-gestation-specific-reference-intervals-for-thyroid-hormones-in-normal-pregnant-northeast-chinese-women-what-is-the-rational-division-of-gestation-stages-for-establishing-reference-intervals-for-pregnancy-women
#16
Jianhua Liu, Xiaojun Yu, Meng Xia, Hong Cai, Guixue Cheng, Lina Wu, Qiang Li, Ying Zhang, Mengyuan Sheng, Yong Liu, Xiaosong Qin
BACKGROUND: A laboratory- and region-specific trimester-related reference interval for thyroid hormone assessment of pregnant women were recommended. Whether the division by trimester is suitable requires verification. Here, we tried to establish appropriate reference intervals of thyroid-related hormones and antibodies for normal pregnant women in Northeast China. METHODS: A total of 947 pregnant women who underwent routine prenatal care were grouped via two methods...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915085/monocyte-derived-circulating-microparticles-cd14-cd14-cd11b-and-cd14-cd142-are-related-to-long-term-prognosis-for-cardiovascular-mortality-in-stemi-patients
#17
Gemma Chiva-Blanch, Vibeke Bratseth, Vibeke Ritschel, Geir Ø Andersen, Sigrun Halvorsen, Jan Eritsland, Harald Arnesen, Lina Badimon, Ingebjørg Seljeflot
BACKGROUND: Circulating microparticles (cMPs) have been proposed as novel biomarkers of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We aimed to investigate the prognostic relevance of cMPs for future major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in STEMI patients. METHODS: We included 200 STEMI patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). One hundred patients with a primary composite end point (recurrent nonfatal acute MI, rehospitalization for heart failure, unscheduled PCI or death because of CV causes) were case-matched for sex, age, and CVD risk factors to 100 patients without a primary endpoint at the end of study follow-up (4...
November 27, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915007/effect-of-the-oral-administration-of-nanoencapsulated-quercetin-on-a-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#18
Lina Clara Gayoso E Almendra Ibiapina, Elena Puerta, José Eduardo Suárez-Santiago, Nereide Stela Santos-Magalhães, Maria J Ramirez, Juan M Irache
Quercetin has been identified as a promising compound with a neuroprotective potential against age-related neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Nevertheless, the clinical application of quercetin is hampered by its low oral bioavailability. The aim of this work was to evaluate the capability of nanoencapsulated quercetin in zein nanoparticles (NPQ), that significantly improves the oral absorption and bioavailability of the flavonoid, as potential oral treatment for AD. For this purpose, SAMP8 mice were orally treated for two months with either NPQ (25mg/kg every 48hours) or a solution of quercetin (Q; 25mg/kg daily)...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913995/adenoma-prevalence-and-distribution-among-us-latino-subgroups-undergoing-screening-colonoscopy
#19
Sumedha V Chablani, Lina Jandorf, Katherine DuHamel, Kristen K Lee, Pathu Sriphanlop, Cristina Villagra, Steven H Itzkowitz
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading malignancy diagnosed among US Latinos. Latinos in the USA represent a heterogeneous amalgam of subgroups varying in genetic background, culture, and socioeconomic status. Little is known about the frequency of CRC precursor lesions found at screening colonoscopy among Latino subgroups. AIM: The aim was to determine the prevalence and distribution of histologically confirmed adenomas found at screening colonoscopy among average-risk, asymptomatic US Latinos according to their subgroup and socio-demographic background...
December 2, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913073/attainment-of-ldl-cholesterol-treatment-goals-in-children-and-adolescents-with-familial-hypercholesterolemia-the-safeheart-follow-up-registry
#20
Adriana Saltijeral, Leopoldo Pérez de Isla, Rodrigo Alonso, Ovidio Muñiz, José Luis Díaz-Díaz, Francisco Fuentes, Nelva Mata, Raimundo de Andrés, Gonzalo Díaz-Soto, José Pastor, José Miguel Pinilla, Daniel Zambón, Xavier Pinto, Lina Badimón, Pedro Mata
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the characteristics of persons with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) younger than 18 years, the lipid-lowering therapy used in these patients, and the lipid goals reached in real life. Our aim was to evaluate the achievement of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) treatment goals in FH patients younger than 18 years enrolled in a large national registry. METHODS: We analyzed patients younger than 18 years enrolled in a large ongoing registry of molecularly-defined patients with FH in Spain...
November 29, 2016: Revista Española de Cardiología
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