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Emotional trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452962/the-role-of-resiliency-and-coping-strategies-in-occurrence-of-positive-changes-in-medical-rescue-workers
#1
Nina Ogińska-Bulik, Magdalena Zadworna-Cieślak
BACKGROUND: Working in the emergency services entails exposure to traumatic events; however, their effects can be both negative and positive. Among the factors determining posttraumatic growth (PTG) after an experienced trauma are the personal resources and coping strategies. The purpose of the research was to investigate the role of resiliency and coping strategies with stress in posttraumatic growth in a group of medical rescue workers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 80 male medical rescuers who have experienced traumatic event in their worksite were analyzed...
February 13, 2018: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447217/does-napping-enhance-the-effects-of-cognitive-bias-modification-appraisal-training-an-experimental-study
#2
Marcella L Woud, Jan C Cwik, Simon E Blackwell, Birgit Kleim, Emily A Holmes, Dirk Adolph, Hui Zhang, Jürgen Margraf
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is characterised by dysfunctional appraisals of the trauma and its consequences including one's own symptoms. Experimental studies have shown that Cognitive Bias Modification-Appraisal (CBM-App) training can reduce dysfunctional interpretations and analog trauma symptoms. One important question is how to enhance the effects of CBM-App. Following work suggesting that sleep has beneficial effects on consolidation processes and can thus improve learning, the present study investigated whether a brief period of sleep (i...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436882/type-d-personality-and-elevated-psychological-symptoms-in-early-adjustment-of-severe-burn-injury-patients
#3
Ajdin Mujezinovic, Julia Kwiet, Rachel Kornhaber, Rachael Holt, Jeffrey Streimer, John Vandervord, Vanessa Rogers, Joanne Shaw, Jeremy Law, Michelle Cleary, Loyola McLean
Severe burn injuries are highly traumatic requiring lengthy recovery. High levels of distress in the early stages of treatment have been associated with poor physical and psychosocial recovery outcomes. Identifying traits relating to distress and personal coping styles may aid screening. Type-D, or 'distressed', personality may be such a trait. Type-D personality refers to an ongoing personality organization defined by a tendency to experience greater negative emotions and thoughts while simultaneously socially inhibiting their expression (Denollet et al...
February 13, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431522/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-emotional-suppression-and-psychiatric-co-morbidity-in-patients-with-chronic-idiopathic-urticaria-a-moderated-mediation-analysis
#4
Man Cheung Chung, Christine Symons, Jane Gilliam, Edward R Kaminski
BACKGROUND: There is evidence suggesting that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity and CIU severity are linked and partially mediated by the high-anxious defense mechanism. What is unclear is whether emotional suppression, as a defense serving the opposite purpose for high-anxious defense, can also act as a mediator and whether this mediational effect is partly influenced by time since trauma and trauma type. AIMS: To investigate whether emotional suppression mediated the links between PTSD and CIU symptom severities, and PTSD and psychiatric co-morbid symptom severities...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431187/migration-factors-in-west-african-immigrant-parents-perceptions-of-their-children-s-neighborhood-safety
#5
Andrew Rasmussen, Aïcha Cissé, Ying Han, Sonia Roubeni
Immigrants make up large proportions of many low-income neighborhoods, but have been largely ignored in the neighborhood safety literature. We examined perceived safety's association with migration using a six-item, child-specific measure of parents' perceptions of school-aged (5-12 years of age) children's safety in a sample of 93 West African immigrant parents in New York City. Aims of the study were (a) to identify pre-migration correlates (e.g., trauma in home countries), (b) to identify migration-related correlates (e...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430148/prosthetic-rehabilitation-of-a-partially-amputated-finger-using-a-customized-ring-wire-substructure
#6
Siddharth Mehta, B Leela, Abha Karanjkar, Arpit J Halani
Defects of fingers or hands due to congenital reasons or trauma can be a catastrophic setback to an individual physically, emotionally, and psychologically. An artificial finger prosthesis is a lucrative option to camouflage such defects. The anatomy of the residual stump of the defect is of extreme importance and will dictate the mode of retention to be used, and the level of esthetics one can expect. Despite the availability of the advanced skills, best of materials, and laboratory support, sometimes, the anatomy of the defect may be a hindrance in furnishing a better prosthesis...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428881/childhood-adversity-increases-the-risk-of-onward-transmission-from-perinatal-hiv-infected-adolescents-and-youth-in-south-africa
#7
Rachel Kidman, Sharon Nachman, Janan Dietrich, Afaaf Liberty, Avy Violari
Repeated exposure to childhood adversity (abuse, neglect and other traumas experienced before age 18) can have lifelong impacts on health. For HIV-infected adolescents and youth, such impacts may include onward transmission of HIV. To evaluate this possibility, the current study measured the burden of childhood adversity and its influence on risky health behaviors among perinatally-infected adolescents and youth. We surveyed 250 perinatally-infected adolescents and youth (13-24 years) receiving care in Soweto, South Africa...
February 8, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428291/a-systematic-review-of-precipitating-physical-and-psychological-traumatic-events-in-the-development-of-fibromyalgia
#8
Yarden Yavne, Daniela Amital, Abdulla Watad, Shmuel Tiosano, Howard Amital
The role of physical and psychological trauma precipitating fibromyalgia is often encountered by physicians, yet a proper systematical review of this association is lacking. Literature searches identified 51 studies which examined the association of fibromyalgia with a preceding traumatic event of physical or emotional nature. The overall quality of evidence of studies included, as assessed by the GRADE criteria, was low, however the majority of studies described a significant association between prior physically traumatic events and the onset of chronic widespread pain or fibromyalgia...
January 10, 2018: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426558/-prevention-of-psychological-disorders-after-a-road-accident
#9
REVIEW
Florian Nicolas, Aline Delahaye
A psychological intervention programme, set up within a trauma centre, revealed common factors contributing to the emotional upheaval felt by road accident victims. These factors are linked to the event itself, its medical management, the quality of family support and the patient's history. Early psychotherapy, the awareness of the nursing teams and the involvement of the families are the key elements ensuring coherent and effective prevention.
February 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424769/emotional-modulation-of-pain-and-spinal-nociception-in-sexual-assault-survivors
#10
Natalie Hellman, Bethany L Kuhn, Edward W Lannon, Michael F Payne, Cassandra A Sturycz, Shreela Palit, Joanna O Shadlow, Jamie L Rhudy
OBJECTIVE: Sexual assault (SA) is associated with an increased risk for chronic pain and affective distress. Given that emotional processes modulate pain (e.g., negative emotions enhance pain, positive emotions inhibit pain), increased pain risk in SA survivors could stem from a disruption of emotional modulation processes. METHODS: A well-validated affective picture-viewing paradigm was used to study emotional modulation of pain in 33 healthy, pain-free SA survivors and a control group of 33 healthy, pain-free individuals with no reported history of SA (matched on age, sex, race, and number of non-SA traumas)...
February 9, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422927/mediating-effect-of-resilience-on-the-association-between-emotional-neglect-and-depressive-symptoms
#11
Sang Won Lee, Geum Ye Bae, Hyo-Deog Rim, Seung Jae Lee, Sung Man Chang, Byung-Soo Kim, Seunghee Won
Objective: Previous studies have reported that childhood maltreatment experiences could induce biological and psychological vulnerability in depressive disorders. However, it is still unclear that type-specific effects of childhood maltreatment on psychological resilience, depressive symptoms and interactions among childhood maltreatment experiences, resilience, and depressive symptoms. Methods: A total of 438 medical students were included in the study. The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form, the Conner-Davidson Resilience Scale, and the Beck Depression Inventory were used for measuring childhood maltreatment experiences, psychological resilience, and depressive symptoms, respectively...
January 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420791/substance-use-and-psychological-distress-before-and-after-the-military-to-civilian-transition
#12
Karen J Derefinko, Troy A Hallsell, Matthew B Isaacs, Francisco I Salgado Garcia, Lauren W Colvin, Zoran Bursac, Meghan E McDevitt-Murphy, James G Murphy, Melissa A Little, Gerald W Talcott, Robert C Klesges
Background: Those currently serving in the military constitute a vulnerable population given their high-risk status for substance use, and population data suggest that veterans continue to engage in significant substance use long after their military service ends. Recent research suggests that the separation transition from active duty to civilian life may be critical in terms of the future functioning of the veteran. Methods: We sought to explore substance use prevalence, as well as potential emotional distress among veterans by retrospectively assessing substance use during active duty and following separation to examine possible changes in use over this period...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420102/family-appraisal-of-paediatric-acquired-brain-injury-a-social-work-clinical-intervention-trial
#13
Lyndal Hickey, Vicki Anderson, Stephen Hearps, Brigid Jordan
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of a new intervention 'Family Forward' with 'Usual Care' social work practice in optimising family appraisal of a child's acquired brain injury to ensure better adaptation during the inpatient rehabilitation phase of care and early transition home. RESEARCH DESIGN: Single site, prospective, sequential comparison group design. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Families were recruited on admission to an inpatient rehabilitation service based at a tertiary paediatric hospital...
February 8, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415146/mental-health-across-the-reproductive-cycle-in-women-veterans
#14
Laura J Miller, Nafisa Y Ghadiali
Introduction: Premenstrual, perinatal, and/or perimenopausal psychiatric problems require specific screening, assessment, and treatment strategies. The scope of these reproductive-linked psychiatric symptoms among women veterans is unknown. Due to high rates of sexual trauma among women veterans, it is also important to ascertain relationships between sexual trauma experiences and reproductive cycle mood problems. This pilot study investigates the prevalence of self-reported premenstrual, perinatal, and perimenopausal emotional problems and whether these correlate with pre-military sexual abuse, military sexual harassment, and/or military sexual assault, among veterans receiving psychiatric evaluations within a Veterans Administration Women's Health Clinic...
February 5, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411704/-genetic-association-analyses-of-the-endocannabinoid-system-on-anxious-phenotype
#15
Judit Lazary, Nora Eszlari, Gabriella Juhasz, Gyorgy Bagdy
BACKGROUND: Accumulating data confirmed that the endocannabinoid system (ECS) is involved in the regulation of stress response and emotional processes, therefore ECS became an important pharmacological target as a potential anxiolytic. Although unequivocal data from animal studies confirmed the relevancy of the ECS in anxious phenotype, human genetic data are poorly available in the literature in this field. In the presented studies we tested possible associations between anxious phenotype and the cannabinoid receptor 1 and the fatty acid amide hydrolase gene polymorphisms...
December 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408879/shared-trauma-reality-in-war-mental-health-therapists-experience
#16
Sara A Freedman, Rivka Tuval Mashiach
INTRODUCTION: Shared traumatic reality occurs when therapists are doubly exposed to a traumatic event, both through their clients' experience, along with their own direct exposure. Studies have shown that a shared traumatic reality can lead to both positive and negative outcomes for therapists. Most studies have examined these reactions sometime after the end of the traumatic event, and less is known about reactions that occur during a traumatic event. In addition, most studies have assumed, rather than examined, indirect exposure...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408050/effect-of-expressive-and-neutral-writing-on-respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-response-over-time
#17
Christina M Sheerin, Andrea Konig, Alison M Eonta, Scott R Vrana
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Parasympathetic activity, as indexed by respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), underlies key aspects of emotional and cognitive self-regulation. Examining time-varying RSA response during expressive writing about trauma may help inform theory about mechanisms of this intervention. The present study investigated changes in RSA during expressive writing. METHODS: Participants (N = 246, Mage = 21.5 years, 72% female) were randomly assigned to expressive or neutral writing conditions and wrote for three 20-min sessions...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405922/ptsd-symptom-severity-and-emotion-regulation-strategy-use-during-trauma-cue-exposure-among-patients-with-substance-use-disorders-associations-with-negative-affect-craving-and-cortisol-reactivity
#18
Matthew T Tull, Christopher R Berghoff, Linnie E Wheeless, Rivka T Cohen, Kim L Gratz
The co-occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) pathology with a substance use disorder (SUD) is associated with emotion regulation deficits. However, studies in this area generally rely on trait-based emotion regulation measures, and there is limited information on the relation of PTSD pathology to the use of specific emotion regulation strategies in response to trauma-related distress among SUD patients or the consequences of these strategies for trauma cue reactivity. This study examined the relation of PTSD symptom severity to the use of specific emotion regulation strategies during trauma cue exposure among trauma-exposed SUD patients, as well as the indirect relations of PTSD symptom severity to changes in negative affect, cravings, and cortisol levels pre- to posttrauma cue exposure through different emotion regulation strategies...
January 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397055/a-cross-sectional-pilot-study-of-compassion-fatigue-burnout-and-compassion-satisfaction-in-pediatric-palliative-care-providers-in-the-united-states
#19
Samuel M Kase, Elisha D Waldman, Andrea S Weintraub
OBJECTIVE: Compassion fatigue (CF) is secondary traumatic distress experienced by providers from contact with patients' suffering. Burnout (BO) is job-related distress resulting from uncontrollable workplace factors that manifest in career dissatisfaction. Compassion satisfaction (CS) is emotional fulfillment derived from caring for others. The literature on BO in healthcare providers is extensive, whereas CF and CS have not been comprehensively studied. Because of ongoing exposure to patient and family distress, pediatric palliative care (PPC) providers may be at particular risk for CF...
February 5, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394187/functional-stroke-mimics-incidence-and-characteristics-at-a-primary-stroke-center-in-the-middle-east
#20
Stacy Schantz Wilkins, Paula Bourke, Abdul Salam, Naveed Akhtar, Atlantic D'Souza, Saadat Kamran, Zain Bhutta, Ashfaq Shuaib
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 30% of acute stroke cases are found to be stroke mimics (SM); with functional/psychological stroke mimics (FSM) accounting for up to 6.4% of all stroke presentations. Middle Eastern countries may have higher rates of somatization of emotional distress. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and characteristics of functional SM at a large general hospital in the Middle East. METHODS: All patients presenting with an initial diagnosis of stroke from June 2015 through September 2016 were eligible for this study...
February 1, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
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