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Emotional trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052121/co-occurring-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-among-young-children
#1
Alison Salloum, Carly Johnco, Kristin M Smyth, Tanya K Murphy, Eric A Storch
The purpose of this study was to examine differences in: (1) mental health emotional and behavioral problems between young children experiencing PTSD with and without MDD; (2) the incidence of caregiver PTSD and MDD between children with PTSD ± MDD; and (3) the number of traumatic events and interpersonal versus non-interpersonal nature of trauma events among children whose parents sought child trauma-focused treatment. Sixty-six caregivers of children aged 3-7 with PTSD completed semi-structured interviews regarding caregiver and child diagnoses, and caregivers completed self-report measures regarding child symptomatology...
October 19, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049948/altered-responsiveness-in-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-and-its-implication-to-underlying-psychopathology
#2
Gaston Baslet, Benjamin Tolchin, Barbara A Dworetzky
PURPOSE: Altered responsiveness during psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) is a distinct semiological feature that may signal a psychological vulnerability. We hypothesized that altered responsiveness is related to difficulties with emotion tolerance, experiential avoidance, difficulty coping, dissociation and trauma and prior experiences of loss of awareness. METHODS: 71 patients with video-EEG confirmed PNES were divided into two groups based on their responsiveness at the time of the captured event during long-term monitoring...
October 13, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049902/emotion-dysregulation-moderates-the-effect-of-cognitive-behavior-therapy-with-prolonged-exposure-for-co-occurring-ptsd-and-substance-use-disorders
#3
Denise A Hien, Teresa Lopez-Castro, Santiago Papini, Bernard Gorman, Lesia M Ruglass
A goal of clinical trials is to identify unique baseline characteristics that can inform treatment planning. One such target is emotion dysregulation (ED), which contributes to the maintenance of co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder (SUD) and may be a potential moderator of treatment response. We examined the moderating impact of ED severity on treatment outcomes in an urban, socioeconomically disadvantaged, and racially/ethnically diverse sample with complex trauma and severe SUDs...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046965/mother-infant-bonding-in-the-postpartum-period-assessment-of-the-impact-of-pre-delivery-factors-in-a-clinical-sample
#4
Borja Farré-Sender, Anna Torres, Estel Gelabert, Susana Andrés, Alba Roca, Gracia Lasheras, Manuel Valdés, Lluïsa Garcia-Esteve
This study aims to examine the extent to which a variety of pre-delivery factors (demographic, reproductive, psychological, psychiatric, and psychopathological) predict disturbances in mother-infant bonding (MIB) in the postpartum period. Two hundred fifty-one pregnant women enrolled at a public perinatal psychiatric service were assessed between the first and second trimester of pregnancy and at 6-7 weeks after delivery. During pregnancy, the psychological risk factors were assessed with the Vulnerable Personality Style Questionnaire, the Marital Adjustment Scale, the Early Trauma Inventory, and the General Health Questionnaire...
October 18, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045403/mentalized-affectivity-a-new-model-and-assessment-of-emotion-regulation
#5
David M Greenberg, Jonela Kolasi, Camilla P Hegsted, Yoni Berkowitz, Elliot L Jurist
Here we introduce a new assessment of emotion regulation called the Mentalized Affectivity Scale (MAS). A large online adult sample (N = 2,840) completed the 60-item MAS along with a battery of psychological measures. Results revealed a robust three-component structure underlying mentalized affectivity, which we labeled: Identifying emotions (the ability to identify emotions and to reflect on the factors that influence them); Processing emotions (the ability to modulate and distinguish complex emotions); and Expressing emotions (the tendency to express emotions outwardly or inwardly)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042373/emotional-reactions-in-parents-of-the-youth-who-experienced-the-ut%C3%A3-ya-shooting-on-22-july-2011-results-from-a-cohort-study
#6
Tonje Holt, Tine Jensen, Grete Dyb, Tore Wentzel-Larsen
OBJECTIVE AND SETTING: The objective of this study was to provide knowledge about the emotional reactions in parents whose offspring experienced a mass shooting on Utøya island in Norway in 2011. The research questions included whether parents' reactions were influenced by their offspring's symptom level, age, living situation and parental gender. DESIGN: The study was designed as an open cohort study. The data were collected at two time points; 4-5 months and 14-15 months after the shooting...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039756/creative-arts-therapies-as-temporary-home-for-refugees-insights-from-literature-and-practice
#7
Rebekka Dieterich-Hartwell, Sabine C Koch
One of the frequently overlooked psychosocial problems of refugees is the phenomenon of homesickness. Being forced into exile and unable to return home may cause natural feelings of nostalgia but may also result in emotional, cognitive, behavioral and physical adversities. According to the literature, the creative arts therapies with their attention to preverbal language-music, imagery, dance, role play, and movement-are able to reach individuals through the senses and promote successive integration, which can lead to transformation and therapeutic change...
October 17, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038691/a-network-analysis-of-anger-shame-proposed-icd-11-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-different-types-of-childhood-trauma-in-foster-care-settings-in-a-sample-of-adult-survivors
#8
Tobias M Glück, Matthias Knefel, Brigitte Lueger-Schuster
Background: Anger and shame are aspects that are specifically associated with psychopathology and maladaptation after childhood abuse and neglect. They are known to influence symptom maintenance and exacerbation; however, their interaction is not fully understood. Objective: To explore with network analysis the association and interaction of prolonged, complex interpersonal childhood abuse and neglect in institutional foster care settings [institutional abuse (IA)] with anger, shame, and the proposed 11th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11) post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in adult survivors...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038689/making-connections-exploring-the-centrality-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-covariates-after-a-terrorist-attack
#9
Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Trond Heir
Background: Posttraumatic stress symptoms are interconnected. Knowledge about which symptoms of posttraumatic stress are more strongly interconnected or central than others may have implications for the targeting of clinical interventions. Exploring whether symptoms of posttraumatic stress may be differentially related to covariates can contribute to our knowledge on how posttraumatic stress symptoms arise and are maintained. Objective: This study aimed to identify the most central symptoms of posttraumatic stress and their interconnections, and to explore how covariates such as exposure, sex, neuroticism, and social support are related to the network of symptoms of posttraumatic stress...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038688/symptoms-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-a-clinical-sample-of-refugees-a-network-analysis
#10
Tobias R Spiller, Matthis Schick, Ulrich Schnyder, Richard A Bryant, Angela Nickerson, Naser Morina
Background: Network analysis is an emerging methodology for investigating psychopathological symptoms. Given the unprecedented number of refugees and the increased prevalence of mental disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in this population, new methodologies that help us better to understand psychopathology in refugees are crucial. Objective: The objective of this study was to explore the network structure and centrality indices of DSM-5 PTSD symptoms in a cross-sectional clinical sample of 151 severely traumatized refugees with and without a formal PTSD diagnosis...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038684/modification-of-episodic-memories-by-novel-learning-a-failed-replication-study
#11
Kevin van Schie, Suzanne C van Veen, Marcel A van den Hout, Iris M Engelhard
Background: After reactivation, memories can become unstable and sensitive to modification before they are restored into long-term memory. Using behavioural manipulations, reactivated memories may be disrupted via the mechanism of interference (i.e. novel learning). In a laboratory study, Wichert et al. (2013a) showed that new learning after reactivation changed episodic memory, while new learning alone or reactivation alone did not. Objective: Given the potential clinical application of such a procedure in trauma-focused psychological treatments, such as CBT or EMDR, the aim of this study was to replicate Wichert et al...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035141/usual-care-for-maltreatment-related-pediatric-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-germany
#12
Annika Münzer, Rita Rosner, Helene Gertrud Ganser, Alexander Naumann, Paul Lukas Plener, Andreas Witt, Lutz Goldbeck
Child maltreatment represents a major risk factor for the development of emotional and behavioral problems, especially posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). While effective trauma-focused treatments are available, little is known about the usual mental healthcare for abused youths in Germany. The present study compared the utilization of mental healthcare in abused youths who had developed a PTSD (N = 95) with a group presenting other mental disorders (N = 146). Semistructured interviews were used to assess maltreatment histories, current mental health, and healthcare utilization...
October 16, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034608/nanoparticle-based-therapeutics-for-brain-injury
#13
REVIEW
Vimala N Bharadwaj, Duong T Nguyen, Vikram D Kodibagkar, Sarah E Stabenfeldt
Brain injuries affect a large patient population with major physical and emotional suffering for patients and their relatives; at a significant cost to the society. Effective diagnostic and therapeutic options available for brain injuries are limited by the complex brain injury pathology involving blood-brain barrier (BBB). Brain injuries, including ischemic stroke and brain trauma, initiate BBB opening for a short period of time, which is followed by a second reopening for an extended time. The leaky BBB and/or the alterations in the receptor expression on BBB may provide opportunities for therapeutic delivery via nanoparticles (NPs)...
October 16, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033635/evaluation-of-5-httlpr-gene-polymorphism-and-resilience-components-on-the-development-of-psychopathology-in-adolescent-sexual-abuse-cases
#14
Gresa Çarkaxhiu Bulut, Ayşe Rodopman Arman, İlter Güney, Pınar Gültepe
INTRODUCTION: More than one-fourth adolescents are exposed to unexpected frightening experiences and traumas until adulthood. In this study, we aimed to determine the potential role of serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene polymorphism regarding resilience factors in the symptom variability of individuals exposed to sexual abuse. METHODS: Adolescents aged 11-17 years, who were admitted to the Marmara University Child Psychiatry Outpatient Clinic Forensic division with sexual abuse experience history, were informed about the research, and volunteers were included in the study...
September 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032323/neural-activity-during-traumatic-film-viewing-is-linked-to-endogenous-estradiol-and-hormonal-contraception
#15
Stephan F Miedl, Melanie Wegerer, Hubert Kerschbaum, Jens Blechert, Frank H Wilhelm
Women are at higher risk for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and recent research has highlighted a modulating role of female sex hormones for cognitive and emotional processes potentially underlying PTSD symptoms. However, studies combining fMRI recordings of brain activity during trauma film viewing with assessment of female sex hormones are missing. The trauma film paradigm - a widely used experimental analogue for trauma exposure - confronts healthy participants with traumatic film clips and thus allows studying peritraumatic processing under laboratory conditions...
October 5, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030502/injury-talk-spontaneous-parent-child-conversations-in-the-aftermath-of-a-potentially-traumatic-event
#16
Eva Alisic, Shaminka Gunaratnam, Anna Barrett, Rowena Conroy, Helen Jowett, Silvia Bressan, Franz E Babl, Roderick McClure, Vicki Anderson, Matthias R Mehl
BACKGROUND: While talking about traumatic experiences is considered central to psychological recovery, little is known about how these conversations occur in daily life. OBJECTIVE: We investigated spontaneous injury talk among parents and children in the aftermath of a child's hospitalisation due to physical trauma, and its relationship with children's socioemotional functioning. METHODS: In a prospective naturalistic observation study, we audio-sampled the daily life of 71 families with the Electronically Activated Recorder after their child (3-16 years old) was discharged from hospital...
October 13, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024028/emotion-dysregulation-and-social-support-in-ptsd-and-depression-a-study-of-trauma-exposed-veterans
#17
Daniel W Cox, A Myfanwy Bakker, James A Naifeh
Emotion dysregulation has been associated with impaired interpersonal functioning and increased risk of posttraumatic psychopathology. Given that social support is a robust predictor of psychiatric morbidity following trauma exposure, we examined whether emotion dysregulation was associated with posttraumatic psychopathology through its negative effect on social support. Using self-report data from 90 military veterans (89.9% men) enrolled in an outpatient psychotherapy program for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), we found that social support partially mediated the effect of emotion dysregulation on PTSD (PM = ...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023198/exploration-of-trauma-dissociation-maladaptive-schemas-and-auditory-hallucinations-in-a-french-sample
#18
Catherine Bortolon, Jade Seillé, Stéphane Raffard
OBJECTIVES: The main goal of the present study was to explore the associations between several key variables that have been shown to partially mediate the link between specific trauma exposure and auditory hallucinations (AH), that is, maladaptive schemas and dissociation in the general population. METHODS: In total, 425 voluntary participants were recruited from the general population and completed online the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the Young schema questionnaire, the Dissociative Experiences Scale, and the Launay-Slade Hallucination Scale...
October 12, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018340/impaired-spatial-memory-and-enhanced-habit-memory-in-a-rat-model-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#19
Jarid Goodman, Christa K McIntyre
High levels of emotional arousal can impair spatial memory mediated by the hippocampus, and enhance stimulus-response (S-R) habit memory mediated by the dorsolateral striatum (DLS). The present study was conducted to determine whether these memory systems may be similarly affected in an animal model of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to a "single-prolonged stress" (SPS) procedure and 1 week later received training in one of two distinct versions of the plus-maze: a hippocampus-dependent place learning task or a DLS-dependent response learning task...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017377/early-maladaptive-schemas-in-patients-with-bipolar-and-unipolar-disorder
#20
Selçuk Özdin, Gökhan Sarisoy, Ahmet Rıfat Şahin, Ali Cezmi Arik, Hatice Özyıldız Güz, Ömer Böke, Aytül Karabekiroğlu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to determine the difference between the bipolar disorder, unipolar disorder and control groups in terms of maladaptive schemes and childhood trauma. METHODS: Two groups of patients under monitoring with a diagnosis of bipolar or unipolar disorder and one group of healthy controls were enrolled in this study. Each group consisted of 60 subjects. The Young Mania Rating Scale and Beck Depression Inventory were used to confirm that patients were in remission...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
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