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Emotional trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931669/from-child-maltreatment-to-icd-11-complex-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-the-role-of-emotion-regulation-and-re-victimisation
#1
Matthias Knefel, Brigitte Lueger-Schuster, Thanos Karatzias, Mark Shevlin, Phil Hyland
OBJECTIVE: Complex post-traumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) will be introduced in ICD-11 and comprises symptoms of PTSD and disturbances in self-organisation (DSO). The association of trauma with PTSD and DSO is not yet fully understood. We investigated the path from child maltreatment to PTSD and DSO and examined the mediating role of emotion regulation (ER) and adult interpersonal re-victimisation. METHOD: Adult patients (N = 193) from a Scottish National Health Service clinic participated in the project...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930974/an-examination-of-the-impact-of-childhood-emotional-abuse-and-gender-on-cannabis-use-trajectories-among-community-youth
#2
Anne N Banducci, Julia W Felton, Marcel O Bonn-Miller, C W Lejuez
Cannabis is the most frequently used illicit substance among youth, with rates of cannabis use escalating across adolescence. One potential factor predicting cannabis use among youth is childhood emotional abuse (CEA), which has been associated with substance use behaviors more broadly. Although CEA may be associated with increased cannabis use in general, it is likely that sex may have an impact on these relations, given that girls are more likely to use substances following abuse experiences than boys. The purpose of the current study as to examine longitudinal relations between CEA and gender on cannabis use during adolescence...
March 2018: Translational Issues in Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929388/mental-health-in-the-cree-peoples-of-northern-quebec-relationships-among-trauma-familial-psychological-distress-and-mood-or-anxiety-disorders
#3
Laura M Heath, Jill Torrie, Kathryn J Gill
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the physical and mental health of Cree adults, as well as the personal, clinical, and environmental factors associated with the presence of lifetime anxiety and mood disorders. METHODS: Mental health was assessed using the computerised version of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule (CDIS-IV), and standardised instruments were used to assess physical health, addiction severity, and psychological distress in 506 randomly selected participants from 4 Northern Cree communities in Quebec...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925572/from-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-to-absolute-dependence-in-an-intensive-care-unit-reflections-on-a-clinical-account
#4
Tina Sideris
This paper tells the story of one man's experience of terrifying hallucinations and nightmares in an intensive care unit (ICU), drawing attention to the reality that intensive care treatment induces emotional suffering severe enough to be identified as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A body of international research, confirmed by South African studies, links life-saving critical care to symptoms which qualify for secondary psychiatric diagnosis including of post-traumatic stress. Risk factors include pre-ICU comorbid psychopathology...
June 20, 2018: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924721/a-negative-association-between-brainstem-pontine-grey-matter-volume-well-being-and-resilience-in-healthy-twins
#5
Justine M Gatt, Karen L O Burton, Kylie M Routledge, Katrina L Grasby, Mayuresh S Korgaonkar, Stuart M Grieve, Peter R Schofield, Anthony W F Harris, C Richard Clark, Leanne M Williams
BACKGROUND: Associations between well-being, resilience to trauma and the volume of grey-matter regions involved in affective processing (e.g., threat/reward circuits) are largely unexplored, as are the roles of shared genetic and environmental factors derived from multivariate twin modelling. METHODS: This study presents, to our knowledge, the first exploration of well-being and volumes of grey-matter regions involved in affective processing using a region-of-interest, voxel-based approach in 263 healthy adult twins (60% monozygotic pairs, 61% females, mean age 39...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924415/childhood-trauma-and-the-inability-to-access-hospital-care-among-people-who-inject-drugs
#6
Gurdeeshpal Randhawa, Ataa Azarbar, Huiru Dong, M J Milloy, Thomas Kerr, Kanna Hayashi
Childhood traumatic experiences can disrupt attachment, influence personality development, and precipitate chronic disease. Although the repercussions of these experiences may also pose a barrier to healthcare, few studies have examined the association between childhood trauma and access to healthcare. Therefore, we sought to investigate whether a history of childhood trauma is associated with self-reported inability to access hospital care among persons who inject drugs (PWID). Data were derived from two prospective cohorts of PWID in Vancouver, Canada...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923348/schizotypal-personality-traits-and-social-cognition-are-associated-with-childhood-trauma-exposure
#7
Yann Quidé, Sarah Cohen-Woods, Nicole O'Reilly, Vaughan J Carr, Bernet M Elzinga, Melissa J Green
OBJECTIVES: Childhood trauma is a common risk factor for adult psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar-I disorder (BD). However, its association with schizotypal personality traits, as well as cognitive and social cognitive abilities, is less well studied in these populations. METHODS: In a cohort of 79 SZ cases, 84 BD cases, and 75 healthy controls (HCs), clinically significant levels of childhood trauma exposure (according to scores on the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire; CTQ) were evident in 54 SZ, 55 BD, and 26 HC individuals...
June 20, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922687/comparison-of-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-theory-of-mind-improvement-of-posttraumatic-growth-and-emotion-regulation-strategies
#8
Vahid Farnia, Abdulzahra Naami, Yadollah Zargar, Iran Davoodi, Safora Salemi, Faezeh Tatari, Ashraf Kazemi, Behrad Basanj, Touraj Ahmadi Jouybari, Mostafa Alikhani
BACKGROUND: Assessing various therapeutic methods with the intention to decrease the problems relevant to abused children is of high significance. Accordingly, the present study seeks to compare the effectiveness of trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF.CBT) with an emphasis on the theory of mind on posttraumatic growth and emotional regulation strategies in abused children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This quasi-randomized clinical trial study was done on 39 abused children who referred to welfare organization centers in Ahvaz - Iran...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922224/neuroendocrine-abnormalities-following-traumatic-brain-injury-an-important-contributor-to-neuropsychiatric-sequelae
#9
REVIEW
Amir M Molaie, Jamie Maguire
Neuropsychiatric symptoms following traumatic brain injury (TBI) are common and contribute negatively to TBI outcomes by reducing overall quality of life. The development of neurobehavioral sequelae, such as concentration deficits, depression, anxiety, fatigue, and loss of emotional well-being has historically been attributed to an ambiguous "post-concussive syndrome," considered secondary to frank structural injury and axonal damage. However, recent research suggests that neuroendocrine dysfunction, specifically hypopituitarism, plays an important role in the etiology of these symptoms...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922198/the-importance-of-culture-in-addressing-domestic-violence-for-first-nation-s-women
#10
Donna M Klingspohn
Indigenous women in Canada face a range of health and social issues including domestic violence. Indigenous women (First Nations, Inuit and Métis) are six times more likely to be killed than non-Aboriginal women (Homicide in Canada, 2014; Miladinovic and Mulligan, 2015). Aboriginal women are 2.5 times more likely to be victims of violence than non-Aboriginal women (Robertson, 2010). These and other statistics highlight a significant difference in the level of violence experienced by Indigenous women to that experienced by women in the mainstream population in Canada...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921065/-research-progress-on-the-changes-of-emotional-and-cognitive-functions-in-patients-with-laryngeal-cancer
#11
REVIEW
H Jiang, B Q Wang, Z H Gao, K Y Song
At present, laryngeal cancer is more common in otolaryngology and head and neck surgery malignancies. Patients such as hoarseness, difficulty swallowing, ear pain, cough or cough, phlegm, dyspnea and other symptoms. which brings severe physical and psychological trauma to the patients and brings a heavy burden to the families and families of patients.Laryngeal cancer patients often take surgery, radiotherapy and other treatment methods, but these methods often cause patients with speech and speech disorders,patients with adverse psychological effects...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913645/a-pediatric-patients-pain-evaluation-in-the-emergency-unit
#12
Anette Lemström
AimsHelsinki University Hospital for Children and Adolescents treats 0-to 16-year old pediatric and surgical patients. The patients arrive to the emergency unit by ambulance, referral or by decision of the triage nurse. The most common reason for visit is pain. VAS pain scale should be used, but pain is not evaluated properly. The aim of this study was to review literature on evaluation and treatment of pain in pediatric emergency unit. MethodsA search from Cinahl and Finnish Medic-database covering last 10 years was performed using: pain, child, trauma, documentation, evaluation, emergency and assessment as keywords...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913434/factors-influencing-child-protection-professionals-decision-making-and-multidisciplinary-collaboration-in-suspected-abusive-head-trauma-cases-a-qualitative-study
#13
Laura E Cowley, Sabine Maguire, Daniel M Farewell, Harriet D Quinn-Scoggins, Matthew O Flynn, Alison M Kemp
Clinicians face unique challenges when assessing suspected child abuse cases. The majority of the literature exploring diagnostic decision-making in this field is anecdotal or survey-based and there is a lack of studies exploring decision-making around suspected abusive head trauma (AHT). We aimed to determine factors influencing decision-making and multidisciplinary collaboration in suspected AHT cases, amongst 56 child protection professionals. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with clinicians (25), child protection social workers (10), legal practitioners (9, including 4 judges), police officers (8), and pathologists (4), purposively sampled across southwest United Kingdom...
June 15, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908526/case-reports-of-five-cancer-patients-with-unusual-course
#14
Dietmar Payrhuber, Karin Thieves, Piero Sangaletti, Josef Muehlmann, Michael Frass
INTRODUCTION:  The analysis of the periodic table of elements by Jan Scholten opened the way for a new kind of classification and repertorisation of homeopathic remedies. Thereby, group analysis (resorting to series and stages) makes precise prescriptions possible. This approach appears to yield striking results, even in severe cases. Whereas Hahnemann stressed the emotional state ('Gemüthssymptome', Organon § 210) when choosing a remedy, Scholten 200 years later investigated the mental picture that represents a life conflict or even a life theme that may maintain the disease process...
June 16, 2018: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903448/historic-notes-on-anatomic-physiologic-and-clinical-research-on-the-cerebellum
#15
Jan Voogd, Peter J Koehler
This chapter is concerned with ideas on the function, structure, and pathology that shaped our present knowledge of the cerebellum. One of the main themes in its early history is its localization subtentorially, leading to misattributions due to clinical observations in trauma and lesion experiments that caused collateral damage to the brainstem. Improvement of techniques led to the insight that it plays a role in movement control (Rolando) or coordination (Flourens). Purkinje initiated the histology of the cerebellar cortex in 1837...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899712/impaired-voluntary-control-in-ptsd-probing-self-regulation-of-the-acc-with-real-time-fmri
#16
Jana Zweerings, Eliza M Pflieger, Krystyna A Mathiak, Mikhail Zvyagintsev, Anastasia Kacela, Guido Flatten, Klaus Mathiak
Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by deficits in the self-regulation of cognitions and emotions. Neural networks of emotion regulation may exhibit reduced control mediated by the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), contributing to aberrant limbic responses in PTSD. Methods: Real-time fMRI neurofeedback (rt-fMRI NF) assessed self-regulation of the ACC in nine patients with PTSD after single trauma exposure and nine matched healthy controls. All participants were instructed to train ACC upregulation on three training days...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898757/predictors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-after-burn-injuries-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Inge Spronk, Catherine M Legemate, Jan Dokter, Nancy E E van Loey, Margriet E van Baar, Suzanne Polinder
BACKGROUND: Identifying predictors of health-related quality of life (HRQL) following burns is essential for optimization of rehabilitation for burn survivors. This study aimed to systematically review predictors of HRQL in burn patients. METHODS: Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane, CINAHL, and Google Scholar were reviewed from inception to October 2016 for studies that investigated at least one predictor of HRQL after burns. The Quality in Prognostic Studies tool was used to assess risk of bias of included studies...
June 14, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898581/factors-associated-with-emotional-exhaustion-in-south-korean-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Bum-Sung Choi, Ji Sun Kim, Dong-Woo Lee, Jong-Woo Paik, Boung Chul Lee, Jung Won Lee, Ho-Sung Lee, Hwa-Young Lee
Objective: We examined associations between emotional exhaustion and selected sociodemographic and psychological factors among nurses in inpatient and outpatient nursing units at a university hospital in South Korea. Methods: The participants were 386 nurses who completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory, a measure of emotional exhaustion. Psychological characteristics were evaluated, including hardiness, self-esteem, experience of trauma, resilience, perceived stress, and social support...
June 15, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897454/the-mediating-role-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-with-tendency-to-forgive-social-support-and-psychosocial-functioning-of-terror-survivors
#19
Michael Weinberg
The study reported in this article examined the relationship between psychosocial functioning and tendency to forgive, social support, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms of terror survivors (N = 108). Structural equation modeling was used to examine whether PTSD symptoms mediated the association between tendency to forgive, social support, and psychosocial functioning. The findings demonstrated that the association between tendency to forgive and psychosocial functioning was mediated exclusively by PTSD symptoms, whereas the association between social support and psychosocial functioning was partially mediated by PTSD symptoms...
June 12, 2018: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896150/recovery-of-repressed-memories-in-fibromyalgia-patients-treated-with-hyperbaric-oxygen-case-series-presentation-and-suggested-bio-psycho-social-mechanism
#20
Shai Efrati, Amir Hadanny, Shir Daphna-Tekoah, Yair Bechor, Kobi Tiberg, Nimrod Pik, Gil Suzin, Rachel Lev-Wiesel
Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS) is a condition considered to represent a prototype of central sensitization syndrome, characterized by chronic widespread pain and along with symptoms of fatigue, non-restorative sleep and cognitive difficulties. FMS can be induced by trauma, infection or emotional stress with cumulative evidence that dissociation is relatively frequent in FMS patients. Two randomized controlled trials have shown that hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) can induce neuroplasticity and be effective in patients suffering from FMS...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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