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Emotional trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524889/complicated-grief-risk-factors-interventions-and-resources-for-oncology-nurses
#1
Cindy S Tofthagen, Kevin Kip, Ann Witt, Susan C McMillan
BACKGROUND: When a loved one dies of cancer, complicated grief (CG) may occur because of the trauma associated with family caregivers' perceptions of their loved one's suffering, either from advanced cancer or from side effects of cancer treatment.
. OBJECTIVES: This article provides an overview of CG and existing interventions for family caregivers who may be at risk for CG following the loss of a loved one and the implications for oncology nurses who provide emotional support and guidance...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523226/interpersonal-early-life-trauma-alters-amygdala-connectivity-and-sustained-attention-performance
#2
Francesca C Fortenbaugh, Vincent Corbo, Victoria Poole, Regina McGlinchey, William Milberg, David Salat, Joseph DeGutis, Michael Esterman
INTRODUCTION: Interpersonal early life trauma (I-ELT) is associated with a myriad of functional impairments in adulthood, increased risk of drug addiction, and neuropsychiatric disorders. While deficits in emotional regulation and amygdala functioning are well characterized, deficits in general cognitive functioning have also been documented. However, the neural underpinnings of cognitive dysfunction in adults with a history of I-ELT and the potential relationship between amygdala-based functional connectivity and behavioral performance are currently poorly understood...
May 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520660/childhood-trauma-and-lifetime-traumatic-brain-injury-among-individuals-who-are-homeless
#3
Michael Jae Song, Mohammadali Nikoo, Fiona Choi, Christian G Schütz, Kerry Jang, Reinhard Michael Krausz
OBJECTIVES: To study the association of childhood trauma and lifetime prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among individuals who are homeless. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Three cities in British Columbia, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Five hundred individuals who are homeless and 19 years of age or older in 2009. MEASUREMENTS: Traumatic brain injury was identified with National Survey of Homeless Assistance Providers and Clients (NSHAPC) and childhood trauma using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520322/-psychological-impact-of-out-of-hospital-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-cpr-on-the-witness-engaged-in-gestures-of-survival
#4
REVIEW
C Stassart, S Stipulante, R Zandona, A Gillet, A Ghuysen
The occurrence of an unexpected sudden death puts the witnesses of this event in a situation of high emotional impact. The benefit to allow the families of victims to dispense the first resuscitation techniques has been emphasized. However, little data exist on the emotional impact of a cardio-respiratory arrest outside the hospital on the witness, who is often a close family member. Recently, we investigated the presence of psychological distress and the factors influencing it, in the active practice of basic resuscitation gestures by the witnesses guided by the operator 112...
May 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514026/gambling-with-life-masculinity-risk-and-danger-in-the-lives-of-unauthorized-migrant-roofers
#5
Sergio Chávez, Claire E Altman
BACKGROUND: This paper examines the occupational experiences of unauthorized immigrants employed in one of the most dangerous occupations in the United States: roofing. METHODS: We draw on 40 in-depth interviews with return migrants in Guanajuato, Mexico, to examine how the adoption of masculinity, dangerous working conditions, the labor market structure, and absence of legal status exacerbates injuries for unauthorized roofers. FINDINGS: Undocumented men return to Mexico injured with chronic pain, health complications, and trauma...
June 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509622/attachment-insecurity-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-adult-dissociation
#6
Seong Sook Kong, Dae Ryong Kang, Min Jung Oh, Nam Hee Kim
This study aimed to investigate whether attachment insecurity mediates the relationship between childhood trauma and adult dissociation, specifically in regards to individual forms of childhood maltreatment. Psychiatric outpatients who visited a specialized trauma clinic (n = 115) participated in the study. Data were collected via the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Revised Adult Attachment Scale, and Dissociative Experience Scale. Structural equation modeling and path analysis were performed to analyze the mediating effects of attachment insecurity on the relationship between childhood trauma and adult dissociation...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509616/depersonalization-adversity-emotionality-and-coping-with-stressful-situations
#7
Paula Thomson, S Victoria Jaque
Depersonalization is defined as persistent or recurrent episodes of feeling detached or estranged from a sense of self and the world. This study addressed the primary question: Do non-clinical individuals who endorse high symptomatic depersonalization have inherently more intense emotional responses, along with more childhood adversity and past trauma? In this IRB approved study, participants who met clinical levels of depersonalization (n = 43, 16.3%) were compared to a group without clinical levels of depersonalization (n = 221, 83...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508360/genome-to-phenome-a-systems-biology-approach-to-ptsd-using-an-animal-model
#8
Nabarun Chakraborty, James Meyerhoff, Marti Jett, Rasha Hammamieh
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating illness that imposes significant emotional and financial burdens on military families. The understanding of PTSD etiology remains elusive; nonetheless, it is clear that PTSD is manifested by a cluster of symptoms including hyperarousal, reexperiencing of traumatic events, and avoidance of trauma reminders. With these characteristics in mind, several rodent models have been developed eliciting PTSD-like features. Animal models with social dimensions are of particular interest, since the social context plays a major role in the development and manifestation of PTSD...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506142/the-frustrated-and-helpless-healer-pathways-approaches-to-posttraumatic-stress-disorders
#9
Donald Moss
Posttraumatic stress disorder is a psychophysiological disorder, characterized by the following: chronic sympathetic nervous activation; persisting perceptual/sensory vigilance for threats; recurrent distressing memories of the event, including intrusive memories, flashbacks lived as if in the present moment, and nightmares; and a persisting negative emotional state including fear and shame. The psychophysiological basis for this disorder calls for psychophysiologically based interventions. This article presents the case narrative of a 29-year-old national guardsman, exposed to combat trauma and later to civilian trauma in public safety work...
July 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505471/a-prospective-examination-of-risk-factors-in-the-development-of-intrusions-following-a-trauma-analog
#10
Adam J Ripley, Joshua D Clapp, J Gayle Beck
Several factors have been linked to the severity of posttraumatic distress, although retrospective designs in much of the literature limit conclusions regarding the temporal relation between risk factors and corresponding symptoms. To address these concerns, the current project employed an analog trauma paradigm to assess the impact of background characteristics, stress response, and post-stressor affect regulation on subjective distress and intrusive memories experienced during the subsequent processing of emotional stimuli...
May 5, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505466/the-conceptualization-of-emotion-regulation-difficulties-and-its-association-with-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-traumatized-refugees
#11
Emma L Doolan, Richard A Bryant, Belinda J Liddell, Angela Nickerson
This study investigated the conceptualization of emotion regulation difficulties in a sample of refugees with varying levels of posttraumatic stress (PTS), and examined whether specific emotion regulation difficulties were associated with PTS severity. Refugees were administered an abbreviated version of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale, the PTSD Symptom Scale - Interview Version, and the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire. Confirmatory Factor Analysis was used to examine model fit for the 6-factor model originally proposed by the developers of the DERS and the more recently proposed 5-factor model that excludes the awareness subscale...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503194/what-are-effective-strategies-for-implementing-trauma-informed-care-in-youth-inpatient-psychiatric-and-residential-treatment-settings-a-realist-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Stephanie A Bryson, Emma Gauvin, Ally Jamieson, Melanie Rathgeber, Lorelei Faulkner-Gibson, Sarah Bell, Jana Davidson, Jennifer Russel, Sharlynne Burke
BACKGROUND: Many young people who receive psychiatric care in inpatient or residential settings in North America have experienced various forms of emotional trauma. Moreover, these settings can exacerbate trauma sequelae. Common practices, such as seclusion and restraint, put young people at risk of retraumatization, development of comorbid psychopathology, injury, and even death. In response, psychiatric and residential facilities have embraced trauma-informed care (TIC), an organizational change strategy which aligns service delivery with treatment principles and discrete interventions designed to reduce rates of retraumatization through responsive and non-coercive staff-client interactions...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501019/towards-a-feminist-understanding-of-intersecting-violence-against-women-and-children-in-the-family
#13
Sophie Namy, Catherine Carlson, Kathleen O'Hara, Janet Nakuti, Paul Bukuluki, Julius Lwanyaaga, Sylvia Namakula, Barbrah Nanyunja, Milton L Wainberg, Dipak Naker, Lori Michau
While intimate partner violence (IPV) against women and violence against children (VAC) have emerged as distinct fields of research and programming, a growing number of studies demonstrate the extent to which these forms of violence overlap in the same households. However, existing knowledge of how and why such co-occurrence takes place is limited, particularly in the Global South. The current study aims to advance empirical and conceptual understanding of intersecting IPV and VAC within families in order to inform potential programming...
April 27, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498865/when-do-traumatic-experiences-alter-risk-taking-behavior-a-machine-learning-analysis-of-reports-from-refugees
#14
Mareike Augsburger, Thomas Elbert
Exposure to traumatic stressors and subsequent trauma-related mental changes may alter a person's risk-taking behavior. It is unclear whether this relationship depends on the specific types of traumatic experiences. Moreover, the association has never been tested in displaced individuals with substantial levels of traumatic experiences. The present study assessed risk-taking behavior in 56 displaced individuals by means of the balloon analogue risk task (BART). Exposure to traumatic events, symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression were assessed by means of semi-structured interviews...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496375/revisiting-the-etiological-aspects-of-dissociative-identity-disorder-a-biopsychosocial-perspective
#15
REVIEW
Vedat Şar, Martin J Dorahy, Christa Krüger
Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a chronic post-traumatic disorder where developmentally stressful events in childhood, including abuse, emotional neglect, disturbed attachment, and boundary violations are central and typical etiological factors. Familial, societal, and cultural factors may give rise to the trauma and/or they may influence the expression of DID. Memory and the construction of self-identity are cognitive processes that appear markedly and centrally disrupted in DID and are related to its etiology...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493745/-treating-adult-survivors-of-childhood-emotional-abuse-and-neglect-a-new-framework-correction-to-grossman-et-al-2017
#16
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Treating adult survivors of childhood emotional abuse and neglect: A new framework" by Frances K. Grossman, Joseph Spinazzola, Marla Zucker and Elizabeth Hopper (American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 2017, Vol 87[1], 86-93). In the article, in the second sentence of the third paragraph of the "The Empirical Base for CBP" section, "construction of a life narrative" should have read "construction of a trauma narrative." The full corrected sentence follows: "Therefore, the trauma treatment component traditionally focused upon construction of a trauma narrative must be expanded to address the effects of trauma on our clients' entire life narratives, including their development of a sense of self and social identity...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493728/internal-and-community-recourses-contribution-to-level-of-posttraumatic-symptoms-the-case-of-tourists-after-the-earthquake-in-nepal-2015
#17
Haya Itzhaky, Shlomit Weiss-Dagan, Orit Taubman-Ben-Ari
OBJECTIVE: The current study focused on tourists who were caught in the middle of Nepal's, 2015 earthquake, and survived. We examined the contribution of internal (coping flexibility and emotional regulation) and community resources (sense of belonging to the community) to tourist's level of post traumatic stress disorder symptoms. METHOD: A cross-sectional sample survey was conducted to collect data from 145 tourists between 2 week to 3 months after the earthquake...
May 11, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488558/-identifying-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-clinical-signs-and-consequences
#18
J van der Naalt, W L Draijer, C A M van Bennekom
Identification of patients with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) is important since 85,000 patients visit the emergency department with a head trauma annually. Although most patients recover well, 15-20% of the patients with head trauma develop persistent symptoms that interfere with resumption of daily activities. It is particularly important to identify the clinical signs that define mild TBI. Presence of anterograde amnesia after the injury, for example, is an important clinical diagnostic sign to establish the diagnosis of TBI...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486955/changes-in-affect-after-completing-a-mailed-survey-about-trauma-two-pre-and-post-test-studies-in-former-disability-applicants-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#19
Maureen Murdoch, Shannon Marie Kehle-Forbes, Melissa Ruth Partin
BACKGROUND: One potential concern with using mailed surveys containing trauma-related content is the possibility of re-traumatizing survivors without a trained mental health professional present. Prior research provides insufficient guidance regarding the prevalence and magnitude of this risk because the psychological harms of trauma-related surveys have typically been estimated using single post-test observations. Post-test observations cannot quantify magnitude of change in participants' emotional states and may over or under estimate associations between participants' characteristics (risk factors) and post-survey upset...
May 10, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486326/the-lived-experience-of-suffering-of-males-after-blunt-trauma-a-phenomenological-study
#20
Louis D Filhour
Using a phenomenological design, the researcher explored the question of what is the experience of suffering as voiced by male patients 7-12 months after hospitalization for blunt trauma. Seventeen male volunteers were interviewed and asked questions about how they suffered, what made their suffering more or less bearable, and how they were transformed through their suffering. Participants experienced changes in patterns resulting in a perception of suffering. Participants reported mostly experiencing physical, emotional, and social forms of suffering, whereas fewer experienced economic and spiritual suffering...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
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