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Emotional trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651505/the-role-of-psychiatric-status-on-pediatric-extremity-fractures-a-prospective-analysis
#1
Altuğ Duramaz, Semra Yilmaz, Nezih Ziroğlu, Burcu Bursal Duramaz, Berhan Bayram, Tayfun Kara
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety, and depression with pediatric extremity fractures. METHODS: Between November 2014 and November 2016, consecutive 138 patients with pediatric extremity fractures were prospectively investigated in terms of the tendency to anxiety, depression, or ADHD in the study group. Consecutive 168 non-trauma patients who were admitted to general pediatrics outpatient clinic were included the control group...
April 12, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651256/brain-structural-covariance-network-topology-in-remitted-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#2
Delin Sun, Sarah L Davis, Courtney C Haswell, Chelsea A Swanson, Kevin S LaBar, John A Fairbank, Rajendra A Morey
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a prevalent, chronic disorder with high psychiatric morbidity; however, a substantial portion of affected individuals experience remission after onset. Alterations in brain network topology derived from cortical thickness correlations are associated with PTSD, but the effects of remitted symptoms on network topology remain essentially unexplored. In this cross-sectional study, US military veterans ( N  = 317) were partitioned into three diagnostic groups, current PTSD (CURR-PTSD, N  = 101), remitted PTSD with lifetime but no current PTSD (REMIT-PTSD, N  = 35), and trauma-exposed controls (CONTROL, n  = 181)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649074/parental-bereavement-in-young-children-living-in-south-africa-and-malawi-understanding-mental-health
#3
A Macedo, L Sherr, M Tomlinson, S Skeen, K J Roberts
BACKGROUND: Parental loss is a major stressful event found to increase risk of mental health problems in childhood. Yet, some children show resilient adaptation in the face of adversity across time. SETTING: This study explores predictors of mental health resilience among parentally bereaved children in South Africa and Malawi, and their cumulative effect. The study also explores whether predictors of resilience differed between orphaned and non-orphaned children...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644887/post-traumatic-stress-reactions-among-individuals-with-visual-impairments-a-systematic-review
#4
Audun Brunes, Marianne B Hansen, Trond Heir
PURPOSE: To conduct a systematic review of post-traumatic stress reactions among individuals with visual impairment (VI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Qualitative and quantitative studies were identified through searches in MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Cochrane Libraries. The literature search was limited to humans, of English and Scandinavian languages and publication year between 1980 and 2017. Study quality was assessed for all the included studies and extracted data were synthesized using narrative analysis...
April 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642769/themes-of-healing-and-posttraumatic-growth-in-women-survivors-narratives-of-intimate-partner-violence
#5
Cassandra D'Amore, Stephanie L Martin, Karen Wood, Carolyn Brooks
Research on the effects of intimate partner violence (IPV) on women demonstrates the significant physical, emotional, psychological, and spiritual consequences of this form of interpersonal trauma. It is well documented that experiencing IPV can have devastating consequences to women's physical and mental health, overall well-being, and quality of life, as well as that of their children's. However, a small, predominantly qualitative body of research exists on women's experience of and capacity for healing from the effects of IPV, but more research is needed to advance theory and practice in this important area...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642394/neuroprotective-effects-of-platonin-a-therapeutic-immunomodulating-medicine-on-traumatic-brain-injury-in-mice-after-controlled-cortical-impact
#6
Ting-Lin Yen, Chao-Chien Chang, Chi-Li Chung, Wen-Chin Ko, Chih-Hao Yang, Cheng-Ying Hsieh
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide and leads to persistent cognitive, sensory, motor dysfunction, and emotional disorders. TBI-caused primary injury results in structural damage to brain tissues. Following the primary injury, secondary injuries which are accompanied by neuroinflammation, microglial activation, and additional cell death subsequently occur. Platonin, a cyanine photosensitizing dye, has been used to treat trauma, ulcers, and some types of acute inflammation...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629785/evaluating-referral-screening-and-assessment-procedures-for-middle-school-trauma-grief-focused-treatment-groups
#7
Stevie N Grassetti, Ariel A Williamson, Joanna Herres, Roger Kobak, Christopher M Layne, Julie B Kaplow, Robert S Pynoos
There is a need to delineate best practices for referring, assessing, and retaining students suspected of posttraumatic stress (PTS) and maladaptive grief (MG) in school-based treatment. Evidence-based risk-screening procedures should accurately include students who are appropriate for group treatment and exclude students who do not require treatment or who are better served by other forms of intervention and support. We described and evaluated the sequence of steps used to screen 7th- and 8th-grade students (N = 89) referred by school staff as candidates for an open trial of group-based Trauma and Grief Component Therapy for Adolescents (TGCTA; Saltzman et al...
March 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628334/consolidative-mechanisms-of-emotional-processing-in-rem-sleep-and-ptsd
#8
REVIEW
Anthony L A Murkar, Joseph De Koninck
Research suggests sleep plays a role in the consolidation of recently acquired memories for long-term storage. rapid eye movement (REM) sleep has been shown to play a complex role in emotional-memory processing, and may be involved in subsequent waking-day emotional reactivity and amygdala responsivity. Interaction of the hippocampus and basolateral amygdala with the medial-prefrontal cortex is associated with sleep-dependent learning and emotional memory processing. REM is also implicated in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which is characterized by sleep disturbance, heightened reactivity to fearful stimuli, and nightmares...
March 15, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626828/higher-concentration-of-interleukin-6-a-possible-link-between-major-depressive-disorder-and-childhood-abuse
#9
Ana Munjiza, Milutin Kostic, Danilo Pesic, Milan Gajic, Ivanka Markovic, Dusica Lecic Tosevski
Little is known about the correlation between IL-6 and childhood abuse and neglect which may be risk factors for the development of affective disorders in adulthood. The aim of this study was to analyze differences in serum concentrations of IL-6 between patients with major depressive disorder and healthy controls, and to investigate possible correlations with adverse childhood experiences. Peripheral venous blood samples were obtained from 64 patients who fulfilled DSM-IV-R criteria for a current major depressive episode without psychotic symptoms (MDD) and 53 healthy controls, matched for age and gender...
March 28, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624725/narratives-in-the-immediate-aftermath-of-traumatic-injury-markers-of-ongoing-depressive-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#10
Jordan A Booker, Matthew E Graci, Lauren A Hudak, Tanja Jovanovic, Barbara O Rothbaum, Kerry J Ressler, Robyn Fivush, Jennifer Stevens
In this study, we considered connections between the content of immediate trauma narratives and longitudinal trajectories of negative symptoms to address questions about the timing and predictive value of collected trauma narratives. Participants (N = 68) were individuals who were admitted to the emergency department of a metropolitan hospital and provided narrative recollections of the traumatic event that brought them into the hospital that day. They were then assessed at intervals over the next 12 months for depressive and posttraumatic symptom severity...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624612/childhood-traumas-as-a-risk-factor-for-hiv-risk-behaviours-amongst-young-women-and-men-living-in-urban-informal-settlements-in-south-africa-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Andrew Gibbs, Kristin Dunkle, Laura Washington, Samantha Willan, Nwabisa Shai, Rachel Jewkes
Childhood traumas, in the form of physical, sexual, and emotional abuse and neglect, are globally widespread and highly prevalent, and associated with a range of subsequent poor health outcomes. This study sought to understand the relationship between physical, sexual and emotional childhood abuse and subsequent HIV-risk behaviours amongst young people (18-30) living in urban informal settlements in Durban, South Africa. Data came from self-completed questionnaires amongst 680 women and 677 men comprising the baseline of the Stepping Stones and Creating Futures intervention trial...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623448/recent-genetics-and-epigenetics-approaches-to-ptsd
#12
REVIEW
Nikolaos P Daskalakis, Chuda M Rijal, Christopher King, Laura M Huckins, Kerry J Ressler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Following a life-threatening traumatic exposure, about 10% of those exposed are at considerable risk for developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a severe and disabling syndrome characterized by uncontrollable intrusive memories, nightmares, avoidance behaviors, and hyperarousal in addition to impaired cognition and negative emotion symptoms. This review will explore recent genetic and epigenetic approaches to PTSD that explain some of the differential risk following trauma exposure...
April 5, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619384/trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-a-clinical-trial-to-increase-self-efficacy-in-abused-the-primary-school-children
#13
Vahid Farina, Safora Salemi, Faezeh Tatari, Nasrin Abdoli, Touraj Ahmadi Jouybari, Mostafa Alikhani, Behrad Basanj, Ali Zakiei
BACKGROUND: Child abuse and violence toward children has become a complex phenomenon in nowadays societies leaving hurt children with numerous complications such as lowered self-efficacy. Hence, this study was conducted to assess the effect of trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) in physically abused children self-efficacy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a randomized clinical trial. From this statistical population of all abused children aged 9-12 in Kermanshah in 2016-2017, 40 were divided into intervention and control groups randomly...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611779/the-association-of-metacognitive-beliefs-with-emotional-distress-and-trauma-symptoms-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-survivors-of-cancer
#14
Peter L Fisher, Kirsten McNicol, Mary Gemma Cherry, Bridget Young, Ed Smith, Gareth Abbey, Peter Salmon
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: Adolescent and young adults who have survived cancer are at an increased risk of psychological distress. This study investigated whether metacognitive beliefs are associated with emotional distress and trauma symptoms in adolescent and young adult (AYA) survivors of cancer independent of known covariates, including current physical health difficulties. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey using multiple self-report measures. SAMPLE AND METHODS: Eighty-seven AYA survivors of cancer were recruited from follow-up appointments at an oncology unit and completed self-report questionnaires measuring emotional distress, posttraumatic stress symptoms, metacognitive beliefs, demographic information, and current physical health difficulties...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608428/is-ayahuasca-an-option-for-the-treatment-of-crack-cocaine-dependence
#15
Joselaine Ida Cruz, Solange Aparecida Nappo
The low efficacy of crack cocaine addiction treatment available in Brazil has led Brazilian users to find alternatives to reduce drug consumption or even to reach abstinence. One of them is the use of entheogenic substances, like ayahuasca, an infusion obtained from two native plant species from the Amazon. The present report aimed to understand how crack cocaine users recover from drug addiction by consuming ayahuasca tea in a religious context. This is a qualitative study with a purposeful sample of 40 crack cocaine users, based on in-depth, semi-structured interviews...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605169/burnout-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-paediatric-critical-care-personnel-prediction-from-resilience-and-coping-styles
#16
Rocío Rodríguez-Rey, Alba Palacios, Jesús Alonso-Tapia, Elena Pérez, Elena Álvarez, Ana Coca, Santiago Mencía, Ana Marcos, Juan Mayordomo-Colunga, Francisco Fernández, Fernando Gómez, Jaime Cruz, Olga Ordóñez, Ana Llorente
INTRODUCTION: Our aims were (1) to explore the prevalence of burnout syndrome (BOS) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample of Spanish staff working in the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and compare these rates with a sample of general paediatric staff and (2) to explore how resilience, coping strategies, and professional and demographic variables influence BOS and PTSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a multicentre, cross-sectional study. Data were collected in the PICU and in other paediatric wards of nine hospitals...
March 28, 2018: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602306/coronary-artery-fistula-with-associated-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-a-case-report
#17
Rabail Qureshi, Leo Kao, Rakesh P Gupta
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery fistula, first described by Krause in 1865, is an abnormal communication between the coronary artery and one of the four chambers of the heart or one of the great vessels. The communications are often congenital but may also be acquired from trauma or invasive cardiovascular procedures. Half of the cases present with angina pectoris whereas the remaining half are incidentally detected on echocardiogram or angiogram performed for an unrelated reason. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy or stress-induced cardiomyopathy is characterized by transient left ventricular dysfunction with minimal elevation of cardiac biomarkers in the absence of underlying coronary artery disease...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598751/threat-bias-and-emotion-recognition-in-victims-of-ipv
#18
Kate Clauss, Caroline Clements
Although there is growing evidence of the association between threat bias and psychopathology in many trauma-exposed populations, there are few studies with intimate partner violence (IPV) victims. The present study assessed threat bias in IPV victims. It also examined potential differences in facial recognition ability between victims and nonvictims. Participants were 153 female college students currently in a dating relationship. Participants completed demographic and abuse severity measures. They then completed a dot-probe task to assess threat bias, and a facial expression recognition task to assess speed and accuracy of recognition...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595641/childhood-trauma-interacted-with-bdnf-val66met-influence-schizophrenic-symptoms
#19
Xiao-Jiao Bi, Xiao-Min Lv, Xian-Ying Ai, Meng-Meng Sun, Kai-Yan Cui, Li-Min Yang, Li-Na Wang, Ai-Hua Yin, Lan-Fen Liu
The gene - environment (G × E) interaction effect is involved in severe mental disorders. However, whether the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Val66Met polymorphism participates in the childhood-abuse influenced schizophrenic symptoms remains unclear. We examined the interaction between BDNF Val66Met, and childhood trauma (ChT) on psychotic symptoms in a Chinese Han population.To estimate the G × E interaction, psychiatric interviews, self-report questionnaires for ChT, and genotyping for BDNF Val66Met were carried out on 201 schizophrenic patients...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594635/reading-trauma-and-literary-caregiving-1914-1918-helen-mary-gaskell-and-the-war-library
#20
Sara Haslam
This article is about the relationship between reading, trauma and responsive literary caregiving in Britain during the First World War. Its analysis of two little-known documents describing the history of the War Library, begun by Helen Mary Gaskell in 1914, exposes a gap in the scholarship of war-time reading; generates a new narrative of "how," "when," and "why" books went to war; and foregrounds gender in its analysis of the historiography. The Library of Congress's T. W. Koch discovered Gaskell's ground-breaking work in 1917 and reported its successes to the American Library Association...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Medical Humanities
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