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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456428/strategies-to-improve-prevention-and-management-in-diabetic-retinopathy-qualitative-insights-from-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Richard S Beaser, Wendy A Turell, Alexandra Howson
Nonproliferative and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (DR) are common, progressive complications of diabetes with a rising incidence. Over time, patients with nonproliferative DR may progress to more advanced stages of DR, with an increased risk of vision-threatening conditions such as diabetic macular edema (DME). DME is the most frequent cause of vision loss in patients with diabetes and eventually can lead to blindness. Early-stage DR is asymptomatic; therefore, a coordinated management strategy is crucial to prevent or limit the progression of DR...
February 2018: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456351/quality-of-sleep-and-sleep-disorders-in-patients-with-parkinsonism-a-polysomnography-based-study-from-rural-south-india
#2
Dushyanth Babu Jasti, Sarat Mallipeddi, A Apparao, B Vengamma, Satyarao Kolli, A Mohan
Objective: The objective of this study is to study the quality of sleep, sleep disorders, and polysomnographic profile in Parkinsonism patients from rural areas and to correlate polysomnographic profile with the staging of disease and with sleep questionnaire. Materials and Methods: Between May 2014 and December 2015, 168 Parkinsonism patients were prospectively screened using sleep questionnaire; Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Parkinson Disease Sleep Score-2 (PDSS-2)...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456286/examining-thematic-similarity-difference-and-membership-in-three-online-mental-health-communities-from-reddit-a-text-mining-and-visualization-approach
#3
Albert Park, Mike Conway, Annie T Chen
Objectives: Social media, including online health communities, have become popular platforms for individuals to discuss health challenges and exchange social support with others. These platforms can provide support for individuals who are concerned about social stigma and discrimination associated with their illness. Although mental health conditions can share similar symptoms and even co-occur, the extent to which discussion topics in online mental health communities are similar, different, or overlapping is unknown...
January 2018: Computers in Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455404/the-effect-of-pre-surgery-information-online-lecture-on-nutrition-knowledge-and-anxiety-among-bariatric-surgery-candidates
#4
Shiri Sherf-Dagan, Keren Hod, Limor Mardy-Tilbor, Shir Gliksman, Tair Ben-Porat, Nasser Sakran, Shira Zelber-Sagi, David Goitein, Asnat Raziel
INTRODUCTION: Best practices for patient education in bariatric surgery (BS) remain undefined. The aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of an online lecture on nutrition knowledge, weight loss expectations, and anxiety among BS candidates and present a new tool to assess this knowledge before BS. METHODS: An interventional non-randomized controlled trial on 200 BS candidates recruited while attending a pre-BS committee. The first 100 consecutive patients were assigned to the control group and the latter 100 consecutive patients to the intervention group and were instructed to watch an online lecture of 15-min 1-2 weeks prior to surgery...
February 17, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450524/effect-of-a-quality-improvement-intervention-on-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-in-india-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-the-acs-quik-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Mark D Huffman, Padinhare P Mohanan, Raji Devarajan, Abigail S Baldridge, Dimple Kondal, Lihui Zhao, Mumtaj Ali, Mangalath N Krishnan, Syam Natesan, Rajesh Gopinath, Sunitha Viswanathan, Joseph Stigi, Johny Joseph, Somanathan Chozhakkat, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Dorairaj Prabhakaran
Importance: Wide heterogeneity exists in acute myocardial infarction treatment and outcomes in India. Objective: To evaluate the effect of a locally adapted quality improvement tool kit on clinical outcomes and process measures in Kerala, a southern Indian state. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cluster randomized, stepped-wedge clinical trial conducted between November 10, 2014, and November 9, 2016, in 63 hospitals in Kerala, India, with a last date of follow-up of December 31, 2016...
February 13, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449162/is-video-based-education-an-effective-method-in-surgical-education-a-systematic-review
#6
Akgul Ahmet, Kus Gamze, Mustafaoglu Rustem, Karaborklu Argut Sezen
OBJECTIVE: Visual signs draw more attention during the learning process. Video is one of the most effective tool including a lot of visual cues. This systematic review set out to explore the influence of video in surgical education. We reviewed the current evidence for the video-based surgical education methods, discuss the advantages and disadvantages on the teaching of technical and nontechnical surgical skills. METHODS: This systematic review was conducted according to the guidelines defined in the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses statement...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446494/prepared-for-surgery-communication-in-nurses-pre-operative-consultations-with-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-colorectal-cancer-after-a-person-centred-intervention
#7
M Pettersson, J Öhlen, F Friberg, L C Hydén, C Wallengren, E Sarenmalm, E Carlsson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe preoperative communication after a person-centred intervention in nurses' consultations with patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer. BACKGROUND: Patients all over the world scheduled for surgery are referred for preoperative consultations with health care professionals. The goal is to assess the risk for perioperative complications, improving quality of care and enabling patients to be prepared for surgery and recovery...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445852/-patient-education-for-adults-with-atopic-dermatitis-according-to-the-arne-concept
#8
REVIEW
A Heratizadeh, T Werfel, U Gieler, J Kupfer
Atopic dermatitis (AD) represents a chronic inflammatory skin disease showing a 1-year prevalence of 2-3% during adulthood. In a national randomized, controlled multicenter study initiated by the "Arbeitsgemeinschaft Neurodermitisschulung im Erwachsenenalter" (ARNE, Working Group on Educational Training for Adults with Atopic Dermatitis) a program for structured patient education conducted by a multiprofessional team was developed and evaluated. At 1‑year follow-up, coping behavior with respect to itch (assessed by the "Juckreiz-Kognitions-Fragebogen", p < 0...
February 14, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443651/american-society-of-clinical-oncology-statement-biosimilars-in-oncology
#9
Gary H Lyman, Edward Balaban, Michael Diaz, Andrea Ferris, Anne Tsao, Emile Voest, Robin Zon, Michael Francisco, Sybil Green, Shimere Sherwood, R Donald Harvey, Richard L Schilsky
As many biosimilars come to market in the next several years, their use in oncology will play an important role in the future care of patients with cancer. ASCO is committed to providing education and guidance to the oncology community on the use of biosimilars in the cancer setting; therefore, ASCO has developed this statement to offer guidance in the following areas: (1) naming, labeling, and other regulatory considerations, (2) safety and efficacy of biosimilars, (3) interchangeability, switching, and substitution, (4) value of biosimilars, and (5) prescriber and patient education...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441280/pharmacological-treatment-of-anxiety-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-a-review-for-practitioners
#10
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Cynthia Feucht, Kelly Brown, Jessica Ramsay
Anxiety disorders are common in children and adolescents with reported prevalence rates between 10% and 30%. A combined approach to treatment has been found to be the most effective for optimal outcomes and is typically comprised of psychotherapy (especially exposure-based cognitive behavior therapy), family and patient education, and use of medication if indicated. In children and adolescents who might benefit from use of medications, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the drugs of choice...
January 2018: Translational Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439772/stomatitis-associated-with-mammalian-target-of-rapamycin-inhibition-a-review-of-pathogenesis-prevention-treatment-and-clinical-implications-for-oral-practice-in-metastatic-breast-cancer
#11
Mark S Chambers, Hope S Rugo, Jennifer K Litton, Timothy F Meiller
BACKGROUND: Patients with metastatic breast cancer may develop oral morbidities that result from therapeutic interventions. Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor-associated stomatitis (mIAS) is a common adverse event (AE), secondary to mTOR inhibitor therapy, that can have a negative impact on treatment adherence, quality of life, and health care costs. A multidisciplinary team approach is important to minimize mIAS and to maximize treatment benefits to patients with breast cancer...
February 10, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438010/nuclear-medicine-and-resources-for-patients-how-complex-are-online-patient-educational-materials
#12
David R Hansberry, Kush Shah, Nitin Agarwal, Sung M Kim, Charles M Intenzo
The Internet is a major source of healthcare information for patients. The American Medical Association and National Institutes of Health recommend that consumer healthcare websites be written between a 3rd and 7th grade level. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the level of readability of patient education websites pertaining to nuclear medicine. Methods: Ten search terms were Googled and the top 10 links for each term were collected and analyzed for their level of readability using 10 well-established readability scales...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437511/computer-simulation-and-optimization-of-cranial-vault-distraction
#13
Michael J Foley, Patrick S Cottler, Silvia S Blemker, Arlen D Denny, Jonathan S Black
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to validate the proof of concept of a computer-simulated cranial distraction, demonstrating accurate shape and end volume. DESIGN: Detailed modeling was performed on pre- and postoperative computed tomographic (CT) scans to generate accurate measurements of intracranial volume. Additionally, digital distraction simulations were performed on the preoperative scan and the resultant intracranial volume and shape were evaluated...
March 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437509/3d-printed-models-of-cleft-lip-and-palate-for-surgical-training-and-patient-education
#14
Pang-Yun Chou, Rami R Hallac, Ellen Shih, Jenny Trieu, Anjani Penumatcha, Priyanka Das, Clark A Meyer, James R Seaward, Alex A Kane
BACKGROUND: Sculpted physical models and castings of the anatomy of cleft lip and palate are used for parent, patient, and trainee education of cleft lip and palate conditions. In this study, we designed a suite of digital 3-dimensional (3D) models of cleft lip and palate anatomy with additive manufacturing techniques for patient education. METHODS: CT scans of subjects with isolated cleft palate, unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate, and a control were obtained...
March 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437465/treatment-modality-dependent-risk-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-danish-adult-diabetes-database-study
#15
Sari Hoshina, Gregers S Andersen, Marit E Jørgensen, Martin Ridderstråle, Dorte Vistisen, Henrik U Andersen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence rates of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) according to treatment modality in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) in Denmark, either multiple daily injections (MDI) or continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 20,902 T1D registered in the Danish Adult Diabetes Database were followed for an average of 5.4 years. Poisson regression analyses with risk time as offset were used to compare differences in rates of DKA between CSII and MDI...
February 13, 2018: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437014/drug-induced-epistaxis-an-often-neglected-adverse-effect
#16
Sara Meirinho, Ricardo Relvas, Gilberto Alves
BACKGROUND: Epistaxis is an active nose bleeding with a population occurrence of approximately 60%. Although epistaxis is a common clinical complaint, the majority of the cases are benign and caused by local induced factors (e.g., trauma and local inflammation). Nevertheless, it is also recognised that epistaxis can be induced after some drugs intake. AIMS: Due to the increasing use of drugs or drug combinations that potentially may induce epistaxis, this review aims to alert healthcare professionals for this often neglected adverse drug effect and its possible complications...
February 12, 2018: Current Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436708/nursing-wound-care-practices-in-haiti-facilitators-and-barriers-to-quality-care
#17
B A Timmins, C Thomas Riché, M W Saint-Jean, J Tuck, L Merry
AIM: To describe the facilitators and barriers for nurses to perform quality wound care in three surgical wards of a hospital in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. BACKGROUND: Up to a quarter of patients in low- and middle-income countries may acquire at least one infection while hospitalized. There is a paucity of research investigating nursing wound care practices in low- and middle-income countries regarding the prevention of hospital-acquired infections. METHODS: The design was qualitative descriptive...
February 13, 2018: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436243/the-impact-of-using-three-dimensional-printed-liver-models-for-patient-education
#18
Tianyou Yang, Tianbao Tan, Jiliang Yang, Jing Pan, Chao Hu, Jiahao Li, Yan Zou
Objective To investigate the impact of using a three-dimensional (3D) printed liver model for patient education. Methods Children with hepatic tumours who were scheduled for hepatectomy were enrolled, and patient-specific 3D liver models were printed with photosensitive resin, based on computed tomography (CT) images. Before surgery, their parents received information regarding liver anatomy, physiology, tumour characteristics, planned surgery, and surgical risks using these CT images. Then, parents completed questionnaires regarding this information...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434018/medical-youtube-videos-and-methods-of-evaluation-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Brandy Drozd, Emily Couvillon, Andrea Suarez
BACKGROUND: Online medical education has relevance to public health literacy and physician efficacy, yet it requires a certain standard of reliability. While the internet has the potential to be a viable medical education tool, the viewer must be able to discern which information is reliable. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to perform a literature review to determine and compare the various methods used when analyzing YouTube videos for patient education efficacy, information accuracy, and quality...
February 12, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433950/implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-therapeutic-patient-education-programme-during-a-clinical-trial-in-yaound%C3%A3-cameroon-trial-anrs-12286-mobidip
#20
Adrien Galy, Laura Ciaffi, Geraldine Manirakiza Mberyo, Pretty Mbouyap, Hermine Abessolo, Roselyne Toby, Frida Essomba, Geneviève Lamarre, Angeline Bikié, Olga Bell, Sinata Koulla-Shiro, Eric Delaporte
OBJECTIVES: High adherence is needed to maintain antiretroviral therapy efficacy. Few attempts at therapeutic patient education (TPE) have been made in sub-Saharan Africa. We describe patients' achievements before intervention and identified needs, TPE programme implementation and evaluation, and patients' satisfaction. METHODS: The TPE programme was proposed to patients in the ANRS-12286/MOBIDIP trial. Beforehand, a directory of competences to manage HIV infection was designed...
February 1, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
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