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Surface plasmon resonance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231554/design-of-elution-strategy-for-simultaneous-detection-of-chloramphenicol-and-gentamicin-in-complex-samples-using-surface-plasmon-resonance
#1
Yinqiang Xia, Rongxin Su, Renliang Huang, Li Ding, Libing Wang, Wei Qi, Zhimin He
For the analysis of massive samples containing multiple analytes, the enhancement of detection efficiency is crucial. In this study, a facile method was developed for sequential detection of chloramphenicol (CAP) and gentamicin (GEN) in complex samples, e.g. milk, using a surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based biosensor. Based on the immune inhibition format, two conjugates of antigen and bovine serum albumin (BSA)-denoted as CAP-BSA and GEN-BSA-were grafted on the same channel of the SPR sensor chip. Two standard curves for CAP and GEN were separately obtained by first mixing a single antibody with different concentrations of the relevant antigen...
February 16, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230794/structural-determinant-and-its-underlying-molecular-mechanism-of-stpc2-related-to-anti-angiogenic-activity
#2
Min Hu, Ning Cui, Zhixiang Bo, Feixiang Xiang
In this study, we aimed to use different strategies to further uncover the anti-angiogenic molecular mechanism of a fucoidan-like polysaccharide STPC2, isolated from brown alga Sargassum thunbergii. A desulfated derivative, STPC2-DeS, was successfully prepared and identified. The native polysaccharide and desulfated product were subjected to evaluate their anti-angiogenic effects. In the tube formation assay, STPC2 showed dose-dependent inhibition. In addition, STPC2 could distinctly inhibit the permeation of HUVEC cells into the lower chamber...
February 21, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229991/a-novel-mutation-in-the-pyrin-domain-of-the-nod-like-receptor-family-pyrin-domain-containing-protein-3-in-muckle-wells-syndrome
#3
Jian Hu, Yun Zhu, Jian-Zhong Zhang, Rong-Guang Zhang, Hou-Min Li
BACKGROUND: Cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome (CAPS) is a group of rare, heterogeneous autoinflammatory disease characterized by interleukin (IL)-1β-mediated systemic inflammation and clinical symptoms involving skin, joints, central nervous system, and eyes. It encompasses a spectrum of three clinically overlapping autoinflammatory syndromes including familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome, Muckle-Wells syndrome (MWS), and neonatal-onset multisystem inflammatory disease. CAPS is associated with gain-of-function missense mutations in NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3), the gene encoding NLRP3...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225259/one-step-ligand-immobilization-and-single-sample-injection-for-regeneration-free-surface-plasmon-resonance-measurements-of-biomolecular-interactions
#4
Xiaoying Wang, Zhiqiang Li, Nguyen Ly, Feimeng Zhou
Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) has been well established as a method of choice for label-free kinetic measurements of biomolecular interactions. The conventional approach involves multiple injections of an analyte of different concentrations into a fluidic channel covered with a fixed ligand density. Optimization of the experimental conditions and assessment of the data quality can be complicated by issues such as disruption of the ligand structure by the regeneration step and limited availability of the sample solution...
February 22, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225100/hybrid-plasmonic-photonic-whispering-gallery-mode-resonators-for-sensing-a-critical-review
#5
REVIEW
Angelo Bozzola, Sara Perotto, Francesco De Angelis
In this review we present the state of the art and the most recent advances in the field of optical sensing with hybrid plasmonic-photonic whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators. After a brief introduction on the basic physics behind photonic WGM resonators and localized surface plasmon (LSP) nanostructures, we analyze the different types of optical sensors specifically designed for bulk refractive index sensing, molecular binding and single object detection. We point out the physical and technological key points of the different approaches proposed in the literature, and we systematically compare hybrid sensors and purely photonic WGM sensors...
February 22, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223551/magnetic-tuning-of-upconversion-luminescence-in-au-nagdf-sub-4-sub-yb-sup-3-sup-er-sup-3-sup-nanocomposite
#6
Gangtao Dai, Zhiqiang Zhong, Xiaofeng Wu, Shiping Zhan, Shigang Hu, Pan Hu, Junshan Hu, Shaobing Wu, Junbo Han, Yunxin Liu
Lanthanide doped upconversion nanoparticles NaGdF4:Yb3+/Er3+ received increasing attention due to their unique optical-magnetic bifunctional properties. Here, we show that the luminescent intensity from NaGdF4:Yb3+/Er3+ nanoparticles decreases monotonously with increasing the applied magnetic field from 0 to 37.1 T, while Plasmon enhanced upconversion luminescence in Au/NaGdF4:Yb3+/Er3+ nanocomposite is independent from a magnetic field lower than 6 T. The surface plasmon resonances could compensate for the energetic mismatching between the excitation light and the energy level gaps induced by magnetic field and enhance the radiative efficiency that are main factors for achieving this stable upconversion emission in this nanocomposite under a magnetic field not higher than 6 T...
February 22, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223164/exploring-sensitivity-throughput-of-a-parallel-flow-spri-biosensor-for-characterization-of-antibody-antigen-interaction
#7
Vishal Kamat, Ashique Rafique
Rapid growth in the field of biotherapeutics has led to an increased demand for high-throughput, label-free biosensors exhibiting high sensitivity. To support the current needs, Sierra Sensors introduced a surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRi) based biosensor, Molecular Affinity Screening System (MASS-1). We assessed the potential utility of MASS-1 to support Regeneron's therapeutic antibody discovery. A large panel of antibody-antigen interactions was characterized using MASS-1 and the kinetic data were compared with the Biacore 4000 biosensor...
February 18, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222208/effect-of-thiolated-glycosaminoglycans-on-the-behavior-of-breast-cancer-cells-toward-the-development-of-in-vitro-models-of-cancer
#8
Alexander Köwitsch, Ankur Chhalotre, Thomas Groth
PURPOSE: The influence of extracellular matrix components like glycosaminoglycans (GAG) or adhesive proteins on the migration of cancer cells and the progression of tumorigenesis remains a challenging task. Therefore, this study aims to give insight into the interaction of cancer cells exhibiting different metastatic potential (MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-468) with surface immobilized GAG interacting with serum proteins like fibronectin. METHODS: Model substrata were covalently coated with different thiolated GAG (hyaluronan (HA), chondroitin sulfate (CS), heparin (Hep)) and investigated for the adsorption of fibronectin (FN) with surface plasmon resonance...
February 18, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222043/electrostatic-effects-of-au-nanoparticles-on-near-infrared-photoluminescence-from-si-sige-due-to-nanoscale-metal-semiconductor-contact
#9
Yefei Yin, Ze Wang, Shuguang Wang, Yujie Bai, Zuimin Jiang, Zhenyang Zhong
The photoluminescence from the Si and the SiGe is comprehensively modified by the Au NPs under the excitation without the surface plasmon resonance. Moreover, it sensitively depends on the size of the Au NPs, the excitation power and the thickness of Si between the Au NPs and the SiGe. A model is proposed in terms of the electrostatic effects of the naturally charged Au NPs due to the electron transferring through the nanoscale metal/semiconductor Schottky junction without an external bias and an external injection of carriers...
February 21, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221377/the-nonmonotonous-shift-of-quantum-plasmon-resonance-and-plasmon-enhanced-photocatalytic-activity-of-gold-nanoparticles
#10
Si-Jing Ding, Da-Jie Yang, Jin-Ling Li, Gui-Ming Pan, Liang Ma, Yong-Jie Lin, Jia-Hong Wang, Li Zhou, Min Feng, Hongxing Xu, Shiwu Gao, Qu-Quan Wang
The surface plasmon resonance (SPR) of metal nanoparticles exhibits quantum behaviors as the size decreases owing to the transitions of quantized conduction electrons, but most studies are limited to the monotonous SPR blue-shift caused by off-resonant transitions. Here, we demonstrate the nonmonotonous SPR red-shift caused by resonant electron transitions and photocatalytic activity enhanced by the quantum plasmon resonance of colloidal gold nanoparticles. A maximal SPR wavelength and the largest photocatalytic activity are observed in the quantum regime for the first time for the gold nanoparticles with a diameter of 3...
February 21, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220417/steady-state-and-kinetics-based-affinity-determination-in-effector-effector-target-interactions
#11
André Reinhard, Thorsten Nürnberger
Dissecting the functional basis of pathogenicity and resistance in the context of plant innate immunity benefits greatly from detailed knowledge about biomolecular interactions, as both resistance and virulence depend on specific interactions between pathogen and host biomolecules. While in vivo systems provide biological context to host-pathogen interactions, these experiments typically cannot provide quantitative biochemical characterization of biomolecular interactions. However, in many cases, the biological function does not only depend on whether an interaction occurs at all, but rather on the "intensity" of the interaction, as quantified by affinity...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220005/double-resonant-enhancement-of-third-harmonic-generation-in-graphene-nanostructures
#12
Jian Wei You, Jie You, Martin Weismann, Nicolae C Panoiu
Intriguing and unusual physical properties of graphene offer remarkable potential for advanced, photonics-related technological applications, particularly in the area of nonlinear optics at the deep-subwavelength scale. In this study, we use a recently developed numerical method to illustrate an efficient mechanism that can lead to orders of magnitude enhancement of the third-harmonic generation in graphene diffraction gratings. In particular, we demonstrate that by taking advantage of the geometry dependence of the resonance wavelength of localized surface-plasmon polaritons of graphene ribbons and discs one can engineer the spectral response of graphene gratings so that strong plasmonic resonances exist at both the fundamental frequency and third-harmonic (TH)...
March 28, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219998/intensity-dependences-of-the-nonlinear-optical-excitation-of-plasmons-in-graphene
#13
T J Constant, S M Hornett, D E Chang, E Hendry
Recently, we demonstrated an all-optical coupling scheme for plasmons, which takes advantage of the intrinsic nonlinear optical response of graphene. Frequency mixing using free-space, visible light pulses generates surface plasmons in a planar graphene sample, where the phase matching condition can define both the wavevector and energy of surface waves and intraband transitions. Here, we also show that the plasmon generation process is strongly intensity-dependent, with resonance features washed out for absorbed pulse fluences greater than 0...
March 28, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219038/green-synthesis-characterization-and-catalytic-activity-of-silver-nanoparticles-using-cassia-auriculata-flower-extract-separated-fraction
#14
Karuppiah Muthu, Sethuraman Priya
Cassia auriculata L., the flower aqueous extract was fractionated by separating funnel using n-hexane (A1), chloroform (A2), ethyl acetate (A3) and triple distilled water (A4). The A4 fraction was concentrated and determined the presence of preliminary phytochemicals such as tannins, flavonoids, glycosides, carbohydrates and polyphenolic compounds. These phytochemical compounds acted as reducing as well as a stabilizing agent in the green synthesis of Ag NPs from aqueous silver ions. Initially, the colour change and UV-vis absorbance surface Plasmon resonance strong, wide band located at 435nm has confirmed the synthesis of Ag NPs...
February 12, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216573/a-conjugate-based-on-anti-her2-diaffibody-and-auristatin-e-targets-her2-positive-cancer-cells
#15
Anna M Serwotka-Suszczak, Alicja M Sochaj-Gregorczyk, Jerzy Pieczykolan, Daniel Krowarsch, Filip Jelen, Jacek Otlewski
Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) have recently emerged as efficient and selective cancer treatment therapeutics. Currently, alternative forms of drug carriers that can replace monoclonal antibodies are under intensive investigation. Here, a cytotoxic conjugate of an anti-HER2 (Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2) diaffibody with monomethyl-auristatin E (MMAE) is proposed as a potential anticancer therapeutic. The anti-HER2 diaffibody was based on the ZHER2:4 affibody amino acid sequence. The anti-HER2 diaffibody has been expressed as a His-tagged protein in E...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215565/towards-multifunctional-cellulosic-fabric-uv-photo-reduction-and-in-situ-synthesis-of-silver-nanoparticles-into-cellulose-fabrics
#16
Mohamed Rehan, Ahmed Barhoum, Guy Van Assche, Alain Dufresne, Linda Gätjen, Ralph Wilken
Herein, the highly multifunctional cotton fabric surfaces were designed with excellent coloration, UV-protection function, and antimicrobial activity. These multifunctional functions were developed by in-situ synthesis of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) into the cotton fabric surface using a simple green one-pot "UV-reduction" method. Cotton fabrics were pretreated with non-anionic detergent, immersed into alcoholic silver nitrate solution (concentration ranging from 100 to 500ppm), squeezed to remove excess solution and then exposed to UV-irradiation (range 320-400nm) for 1h...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214745/rapid-detection-and-quantification-of-enterovirus-71-by-a-portable-surface-plasmon-resonance-biosensor
#17
Briliant Adhi Prabowo, Robert Y L Wang, Muhammad Khari Secario, Po-Ting Ou, Azharul Alom, Jia-Jung Liu, Kou-Chen Liu
This study presents the first report on a label-free detection and rapid quantification method for human enterovirus 71 (EV71) using a portable surface plasmon resonance (SPR) system. The SPR sensor instrument was configured to run on low power in a miniaturized platform to improve the device portability for a wider application both in laboratories and in the field. A color tunable organic light emitting diode in red spectrum was attached on a trapezoidal prism for the disposable light source module. The SPR signal processing using integration area under the reflectivity curve is applied for optimum signal to noise ratio (SNR) enhancement...
January 21, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213140/a-novel-sensor-for-determination-of-naproxen-based-on-change-in-localized-surface-plasmon-peak-of-functionalized-gold-nanoparticles
#18
Javad Khodaveisi, Ali Mohammad Haji Shabani, Shayessteh Dadfarnia, Dariush Saberi
A highly selective and sensitive colorimetric sensor for the determination of naproxen (NAP) based on the aggregation of the thiolated β-cyclodextrin (Tβ-CD) functionalized gold nanoparticles (Tβ-CD-Au NPs) in the presence of NAP and Zn(2+)is described. The hydrophobic end of NAP interacts with the immobilized Tβ-CD on the Au NPs and forms the complex of Tβ-CD:NAP while the Zn(2+) ions form a 1:2 complex of (NAP)2Zn with the carboxyl groups of NAP resulting in the aggregation of functionalized gold nanoparticles...
February 8, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211084/endothelial-cells-biophysical-biochemical-and-chromosomal-aberrancies-in-high-glucose-condition-within-the-diabetic-range
#19
Aysa Rezabakhsh, Elahe Nabat, Mina Yousefi, Soheila Montazersaheb, Omid Cheraghi, Amir Mehdizadeh, Farzaneh Fathi, Ali Akbar Movassaghpour, Nasrin Maleki-Dizaji, Reza Rahbarghazi, Alireza Garjani
To date, many studies have been conducted to find out the underlying mechanisms of hyperglycemia-induced complications in diabetes mellitus, attributed to the cellular pathologies of different cells-especially endothelial cells. However, there are still many ambiguities and unresolved issues to be clarified. Here, we investigated the alteration in biophysical and biochemical properties in human umbilical vein endothelial cells exposed to a high-glucose concentration (30mM), comparable to glucose content in type 2 diabetes mellitus, over a course of 120 hours...
February 17, 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209997/antisense-mir-132-blockade-via-the-ache-r-splice-variant-mitigates-cortical-inflammation
#20
Nibha Mishra, Lyndon Friedson, Geula Hanin, Uriya Bekenstein, Meshi Volovich, Estelle R Bennett, David S Greenberg, Hermona Soreq
MicroRNA (miR)-132 brain-to-body messages suppress inflammation by targeting acetylcholinesterase (AChE), but the target specificity of 3'-AChE splice variants and the signaling pathways involved remain unknown. Using surface plasmon resonance (SPR), we identified preferential miR-132 targeting of soluble AChE-R over synaptic-bound AChE-S, potentiating miR-132-mediated brain and body cholinergic suppression of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Inversely, bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) reduced multiple miR-132 targets, suppressed AChE-S more than AChE-R and elevated inflammatory hallmarks...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
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