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Surface plasmon resonance

Yong'an Tang, Tao Yang, Qiaoli Wang, Xiaoyan Lv, Xue Song, Hengte Ke, Zhengqing Guo, Xiaoqing Huang, Jun Hu, Zifu Li, Peng Yang, Xiangliang Yang, Huabing Chen
Photoactive noble metal nanoparticles are of increasing importance toward personalized cancer therapy in the field of precision nanomedicine. A critical challenge remains in the exploration of clinically potential noble metal nanoparticles for highly efficient cancer theranostics. Here, we introduce albumin-coordinated assembly of clearable Pt nanodots (Pt-NDs) with monodisperse nanostructure as high-performance theranostic agents for imaging-guided photothermal tumor ablation. We precisely manipulate the reduction and growth of tetravalent Pt ions into ultrasmall nanodots through albumin-directed growth kinetics, thereby leading to the synthesis of monodisperse 6...
October 20, 2017: Biomaterials
Beibei Liu, Shuo Wang, Karl Aston, Kevin J Koeller, Shahrzad Fanny Hakami Kermani, Carlos H Castañeda, M José Scuderi, Rensheng Luo, James K Bashkin, W David Wilson
Minor-groove binding hairpin polyamides (PAs) bind specific DNA sequences. Synthetic modifications can improve PA-DNA binding affinity and include flexible modules, such as β-alanine (β) motifs to replace pyrroles (Py), and increasing compound charge using N-terminal cationic substituents. To better understand the variations in kinetics and affinities caused by these modifications on PA-DNA interactions, a comprehensive set of PAs with different numbers and positions of β and different types of N-cationic groups was systematically designed and synthesized to bind their cognate sequence, the λB motif...
November 16, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
A K Bhunia, T Kamilya, S Saha
In this paper, we have used spectroscopic and electron microscopic analysis to monitor the time evolution of the silver nanoparticles (Ag NP)-human hemoglobin (Hb) corona formation and to characterize the interaction of the Ag NPs with Hb. The time constants for surface plasmon resonance binding and reorganization are found to be 9.51 and 118.48 min, respectively. The drop of surface charge and the increase of the hydrodynamic diameter indicated the corona of Hb on the Ag NP surface. The auto correlation function is found to broaden with the increasing time of the corona formation...
2017: Nano Convergence
Zhijun Li, Kim A Munro, Iraklii I Ebralidze, Mina R Narouz, J Daniel Padmos, Hongxia Hao, Cathleen M Crudden, J Hugh Horton
Surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based biosensing is a powerful tool to study the recognition processes between biomole-cules in real-time without need for labels. The use of thiol chemistry is a critical component in surface functionalization of various SPR biosensor surfaces on gold. However, its use is hampered by the high propensity for oxidation of the gold-thiol linkage even in ambient atmosphere, resulting in a short lifetime of SPR sensor chips unless strict precautions are taken. Herein, we describe an approach to overcome this limitation by employing highly robust self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of alkylated N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) on gold...
November 15, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Lars Friedrich, Petra Kornberger, Claudia T Mendler, Gabriele Multhoff, Markus Schwaiger, Arne Skerra
We describe the selection of Anticalins against a common tumour surface antigen, human Hsp70, using functional display on live E. coli cells as fusion with a truncated EspP autotransporter. While found intracellularly in normal cells, Hsp70 is frequently exposed in a membrane-bound state on the surface of tumour cells and, even more pronounced, in metastases or after radiochemotherapy. Employing a recombinant Hsp70 fragment comprising residues 383-548 as target, Anticalins were selected from a naive bacterial library...
November 27, 2017: Biological Chemistry
Zheng Wang, Dan Shao, Zhimin Chang, Mengmeng Lu, Yingshuai Wang, Juan Yue, Dian Yang, Mingqiang Li, Qiaobing Xu, Wenfei Dong
There is a pressing need to develop nanoplatforms that integrate multimodal therapeutics to improve treatment responses and prolong the survival of patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Mesoporous silica-coated gold nanomaterials have emerged as a novel multifunctional platform combining tunable surface plasmon resonance and mesoporous properties that exhibit multimodality properties in cancer theranostics. However, their reduced radiation-absorption efficiency and limited surface area hinder their further radiochemotherapeutic applications...
November 15, 2017: ACS Nano
Wenzuo Wei, Ruijin Hong, Ming Jing, Wen Shao, Chunxian Tao, Dawei Zhang
Tunablity of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) in doped semiconductor nanoparticles (NPs), which represents an important characteristic in LSPR sensor applications, still remains a challenge. Here, indium tin oxide/indium tin alloy (ITO/In-Sn) bilayer films were deposited by electron beam evaporation and the properties, such as LSPR and surface morphology, were investigated by UV-vis-NIR double beam spectrophotometer and atomic force microscopy (AFM), respectively. By simply engineering the thickness of ITO/In-Sn NPs without any microstructure fabrications, LSPR wavelength of ITO NPs can be largely tuned from 858 to 1758 nm...
November 15, 2017: Nanotechnology
Xueqin Chen, Qing Xia, Yue Cao, Qianhao Min, Jianrong Zhang, Zixuan Chen, Hong-Yuan Chen, Jun-Jie Zhu
Measuring the localized transient heat generation is critical for developing applications of nanomaterials in areas of photothermal therapy (PTT), drug delivery, optomechanics and biological processes engineering. However, accurate thermometry with high spatiotemporal resolution is still a challenge. Here we develop a thermosensitive polymer-capped gold nanorod (AuNRs@pNIPAAm), which has temperature-dependent local surface plasmon resonance spectra due to the submolecular conformational change of pNIPAAm molecules...
November 14, 2017: Nature Communications
Nunzio Cennamo, Luigi Zeni, Paolo Tortora, Maria Elena Regonesi, Alessandro Giusti, Maria Staiano, Sabato D'Auria, Antonio Varriale
A novel surface plasmon resonance (SPR) optical fiber biosensor, able to bind perfluorooctanoate and perfluorooctanesulfonate compounds, is presented. In the first step, an ad hoc antibody compound has been designed, produced and tested by ELISA, then, in the second step, the gold surface of a plastic optical fiber sensor has been derivatizated and functionalized with this new bio-receptor, able to bind target analytes with high affinity and selectivity. The experimental data have shown that the developed SPR optical fiber biosensor makes it possible to detect these compounds...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
Ping Su, Zhangjing He, Liqing Wu, Liang Li, Kangle Zheng, Yi Yang
Active proteins play important roles in the function regulation of human bodies and attract much interest for use in pharmaceuticals and clinical diagnostics. However, the lack of primary methods to analyze active proteins means there is currently no metrology standard for active protein measurement. In recent years, calibration-free concentration analysis (CFCA), which is based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) technology, has been proposed to determine the active concentration of proteins that have specific binding activity with a binding partner without any higher order standards...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
Patricia Abellan, Patrick Z El-Khoury, Quentin M Ramasse
Heterogeneous assemblies of molecules (Rhodamine B) adsorbed onto a nano-corrugated metallic surface (a percolated Au network) are investigated using electron energy loss spectroscopy in the scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM-EELS). Our first measurements target the native metallic substrate, which consists of a commercial Au thin film atop an ultrathin carbon membrane. The Au film displays a percolated morphology with nanostructures of estimated thickness ≤10 nm approximately. We observe a rich plasmonic response from the metallic substrate; one which varies nanometrically and spans the VIS-terahertz region...
November 9, 2017: Microscopy
Ju-Young Kim, Zhi-Cong Zeng, Lifu Xiao, Zachary D Schultz
The ability to distinguish between specific and non-specific binding is important for assessing the interactions between protein receptors and ligands. Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) spectroscopy is an advanced tool to measure the binding events, yet the ability to distinguish between specific and non-specific binding remains a limitation. To address this problem, we use SPR spectroscopy correlated with surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). The chemical information present in SERS spectra provides insight into the molecular interactions between functionalized nanoparticles and proteins, which are not detectable by SPR alone...
November 14, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Ksenia Maximova, Tom Venken, Nathalie Reuter, Joanna Trylska
Proteinase 3 (PR3) is a neutrophil serine protease present in cytoplasmic granules but also expressed at the neutrophil surface where it mediates proinflammatory effects. Studies of the underlying molecular mechanisms have been hampered by the lack of inhibitors of the PR3 membrane anchorage. Indeed while there exist inhibitors of the catalytic activity of PR3, its membrane interfacial binding site (IBS) is distinct from its catalytic site. The IBS has been characterized both by mutagenesis experiments and molecular modeling...
November 10, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Liping Zhang, Pramila Ghimire, Jenjira Phuriragpitikhon, Baojiang Jiang, Alexandre A S Gonçalves, Mietek Jaroniec
Bismuth/bismuth oxide heterojunction on porous carbon (Bi(0)/Bi2O3@C) was successfully prepared by a surfactant-assisted sol-gel method. This composite photocatalyst was fabricated by depositing Bi2O3 and metallic bismuth nanoparticles (NPs) on porous carbon sheets. Bi NPs were created by in-situ reduction of Bi2O3 with amorphous carbon. During the synthesis, bismuth and carbon precursors were mixed in different ratios, resulting in distinct amounts of metallic bismuth in the composites. The composites showed large specific surface area and pore volume as well as strong light absorption ability due to the existing carbon...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Punuri Jayasekhar Babu, Mukesh Doble, Ashok M Raichur
The synergistic wound healing and antibacterial activity of silver oxide nanoparticles embedded silk fibroin (Ag2O-SF) spuns is reported here. UV-Vis spectro photometric analysis of these spuns showed the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) confirming the formation of the silver oxide nanoparticles (Ag2O NPs) on the surface of the silk fibroin (SF). Scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) also confirmed the presence of Ag2O NPs on surface of SF. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis revealed the crystalline nature of both SF and Ag2O-SF...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Mingda Zheng, Jiang He, Yingying Wang, Chenge Wang, Shuang Ma, Xiaohan Sun
A simple and selective colorimetric sensor thioglycolic acid capped silver nanoparticles (TGA-AgNPs) was developed for the detection of 6-benzylaminopurine (6-BAP). The synthesized TGA-AgNPs were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering (DLS), and transmission electron microscopic (TEM) techniques. The TGA-AgNPs as a sensor for binding 6-BAP through hydrogen-bonding and π-π bonding that causes large conjugate clusters, resulting in a color change from yellow to reddish orange. The surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band of TGA-AgNPs at 397nm is red-shifted to 510nm, which confirms that 6-BAP induces the aggregation of TGA-AgNPs...
October 31, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Yongxi Pan, Peipei Wang, Fuming Zhang, Yanlei Yu, Xing Zhang, Lei Lin, Robert J Linhardt
The swim bladder of fish is an internal gas-filled organ that allows fish to control their buoyancy and swimming depth. Fish maws (the dried swim bladders of fish) have been used over many centuries as traditional medicines, tonics and a luxurious gourmet food in China and Southeast Asia. Little is known about the structural information of polysaccharides comprising this important functional material of fish tissue. In the present study, the total glycosaminoglycan (GAG) from fish maw was characterized. Two GAGs were identified, chondroitin sulfate (CS, having a molecular weight of 18-40 kDa) and heparan sulfate (HS), corresponding to 95% and 5% of the total GAG, respectively...
November 10, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
Bo Liu, Chaojun Tang, Jing Chen, Zhendong Yan, Mingwei Zhu, Yongxing Sui, Huang Tang
We numerically investigate the coupling effects of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) and magnetic dipole (MD) resonances in metamaterials, which are composed of an Ag nanodisk array and a SiO2 spacer on an Ag substrate. The periodicity of the Ag nanodisk array leads to the excitation of SPPs at the surface of the Ag substrate. The near-field plasmon interactions between individual Ag nanodisks and the Ag substrate form MD resonances. When the excitation wavelengths of SPPs are tuned to approach the position of MD resonances by changing the array period of Ag nanodisks, SPPs and MD resonances are coupled together into two hybridized modes, whose positions can be well predicted by a coupling model of two oscillators...
November 9, 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Ilaria Morbioli, Vanessa Porkolab, Andrea Magini, Alessandro Casnati, Franck Fieschi, Francesco Sansone
DC-SIGN is a receptor protruded from the membrane of immature dendritic cells (DCs) that participates in the activation of the immune response through the recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs). On the other hand, HIV exploits the interaction between high-mannose structures of its envelope glycoprotein gp120 and DC-SIGN to be transported towards and infect T-cells. DC-SIGN is involved in the recognition process in the form of a tetramer and the multiple exposition of carbohydrate recognition sites (CRSs) is amplified by the formation on the DCs membrane of patches of tetramers...
October 31, 2017: Carbohydrate Research
Jingjing Li, Qingyun Liu, Hongyan Xi, Xiangcong Wei, Zhengbo Chen
Herein, we present a novel gold nanoparticle (AuNP) enumeration-based colorimetric aptamer biosensor for ultrasensitive detection of nucleic acid. This AuNP enumeration based colorimetric method takes advantages of the distinctive and strong localized surface plasmon resonance light scattering with the dark-field microscope. In our model system, first, cost-effective DNA1 instead of expensive 2-thioethyl ether acetic acid was capped on the surface of AuNPs to form dense DNA1 layer. Then, Two DNA strands (DNA2 and DNA3) in two different solutions were separately asymmetrically functionalized on the AuNPs capped the dense DNA1 layer...
November 9, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
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