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Retained surgical

Kenneth W DeFontes, Joshua Vaughn, Jeremy Smith, Eric M Bluman
Talar body osteonecrosis can be a devastating, painful condition that is difficult to manage surgically when conservative treatments have failed. With early disease, nonoperative treatments can prolong the need for operative correction in the young patient. Later stage disease with extensive involvement may require a tibiotalocalcaneal (TTC) arthrodesis to retain functionality of the limb. This situation frequently requires a structural bone graft. Using the technique described in this article, the void resulting from collapse of the talar body is filled with talar allograft, which offers a more anatomic and structurally rigid construct than previously described methods using an allograft femoral head...
March 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Benjamin R Poh, Paul A Cashin, Daniel G Croagh
INTRODUCTION: Traditional teaching dictates that it may not be prudent to take the jaundiced patient to theatre for emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy as they may experience worse outcomes following surgery. METHODS: A prospective cohort of 104 patients undergoing emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy was stratified into two groups using a serum total bilirubin of above 50 μmol/L (2.9 mg/dL) to define the jaundiced group. Primary outcomes were morbidity and mortality rate...
March 14, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
Peter Murin, Nicodème Sinzobahamvya, Antonia Schulz, Victoria Lorenzen, Stanislav Ovroutski, Felix Berger, Joachim Photiadis, Mi-Young Cho
OBJECTIVES: The technique of subcoronary autograft implantation for the Ross procedure has shown excellent durability of aortic valve function in adults. However, its use in children with hypoplastic aortic annulus or multilevel left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) was traditionally precluded. We combined this technique with a Konno incision and evaluated LVOTO relief and durability of the autograft function in growing patients. METHODS: Between January 2012 and January 2017, 13 patients with severe LVOTO and hypoplastic aortic annulus underwent Ross-Konno procedure with subcoronary autograft implantation...
March 9, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Zeev Ormianer, Jonathan Block, Shlomo Matalon, Jerry Kohen
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to assess whether long-term implant survival rates and bone loss in patients with moderately controlled type 2 diabetes is similar to the rates reported in the nondiabetic population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective observational study utilized patient medical records from a general practitioner's dental office. The records of patients who had moderately controlled type 2 diabetes with hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) up to 8% and glucose level below 150 mg/dL were reviewed, as patients with HbA1c up to 7% are considered to be well-controlled type 2 diabetes...
March 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Jin-Qing Xiao, Hai-Jiang Sun, Qi-Hui Qiao, Xin Bao, Chuan-Bin Wu, Qing Zhou
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare surgical outcomes after the removal of submandibular gland (SMG) stones via 2 different surgical methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2015 to July 2016, a total of 40 patients with SMG stones were selected from the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Stomatology, China Medical University (Shenyang, China), and were randomly assigned to 2 groups. Twenty patients underwent sialendoscopy-assisted stone removal via extraoral incision with preservation of the SMG, and 20 patients underwent traditional SMG resection...
December 29, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Atsushi Aikawa, Masaki Muramatsu, Yusuke Takahashi, Yuko Hamasaki, Junya Hashimoto, Mai Kubota, Youji Hyoudou, Yoshihiro Itabashi, Takeshi Kawamura, Seiichiro Shishido
Lower urinary tract abnormalities are difficult to resolve in pediatric kidney transplant patients. Measure of residual urine, voiding cystourethrography, retrograde urethrography, cystometry, electromyography of urethral external sphincter muscle, urethrometry, and uroflowmetry are the primary methods for evaluation of lower urinary tract abnormalities. Endoscopic resection or ablation of urethral valves is required in children with posterior urethral valve to treat obstruction, but bladder function does not always recover and may deteriorate to end-stage renal failure even after the obstruction is released...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Noam Smorgick, Avital Mittler, Ido Ben-Ami, Ron Maymon, Zvi Vaknin, Moty Pansky
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether women who were surgically treated for retained products of conception (RPOC) by either suction curettage or hysteroscopy are at risk for recurrent RPOC on their subsequent pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of 442 women surgically treated for RPOC following delivery or abortion by suction curettage (N = 63, 14.3%) or hysteroscopy (N = 379, 85.7%). Information on subsequent pregnancies and their outcomes was available for 161 (36...
March 5, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Teresa Matthews-Brzozowska, Dorota Hojan-Jezierska, Wawrzyniec Loba, Marta Worona, Artur Matthews-Brzozowski
A review of numerous case reports was made, in order to demonstrate the possibilities for treatment of dental disorders in patients with Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD). In this paper, our own report, including a diagnosis of the effect on the auditory system, is presented. In addition to the triad of CCD symptoms that include hypoplastic or aplastic clavicles, impacted and supernumerary teeth, delayed closure of fontanelles and cranial sutures, impairment of the hearing system resulting in conductive hearing loss also occurs...
2018: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
Sean C Maguire, Christina A Fleming, Gavin O'Brien, Gerald McGreal
BACKGROUND: Lumbar sympthectomy (LS) was traditionally performed for intermittent claudication but is now eclipsed by revascularisation for that indication. However, it retains a role in the management of critical limb ischaemia and other conditions causing lower limb pain with or without ischaemia. We report the role of LS in modern surgical practice when revascularisation and pain management options have been exhausted. METHODS: A medical chart review was performed on all patients who underwent LS in our unit from 2005 to 2016 (inclusive)...
March 7, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Michael P Veve, Joshua B Greene, Amy M Williams, Susan L Davis, Nina Lu, Yelizaveta Shnayder, David X Li, Salem I Noureldine, Jeremy D Richmon, Lawrence O Lin, Matthew M Hanasono, Patrik Pipkorn, Ryan S Jackson, Joshua D Hornig, Tyler Light, Mark K Wax, Yin Yiu, James Bekeny, Matthew Old, David Hernandez, Urjeet A Patel, Tamer A Ghanem
Objective To characterize and identify risk factors for 30-day surgical site infections (SSIs) in patients with head and neck cancer who underwent microvascular reconstruction. Study Design Cross-sectional study with nested case-control design. Setting Nine American tertiary care centers. Subjects and Methods Hospitalized patients were included if they underwent head and neck cancer microvascular reconstruction from January 2003 to March 2016. Cases were defined as patients who developed 30-day SSI; controls were patients without SSI at 30 days...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Ozcan Cakmak, Berke Özücer, Mustafa Aktekin, Fazil Emre Özkurt, Rami Al-Salman, Ismet Emrah Emre
Background: Inadequate release of retaining ligaments during facelift surgery may lead to an unnatural appearance. However, most facelift surgeons are hesitant in transecting these ligaments to avoid possible injury to facial subbranches. Objectives: In our surgical practice for modified composite flap rhytidectomy we use the finger-assisted malar elevation (FAME) technique in order to enable safe release of the zygomatic cutaneous ligaments through the prezygomatic space under direct vision...
March 2, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Alisha R Fernandes, Tessa Elliott, Carter McInnis, Bethany Easterbrook, J Mark Walton
PURPOSE: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) enables enteral nutrition for patients with inadequate oral intake. Laparoscopic guidance of PEG insertion is used for high-risk populations, including in infants less than 5kg at insertion. This study aimed to assess complication rates with traditional PEG tube insertion in infants less than 5kg at a single tertiary care center. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients less than 5kg who underwent PEG insertion was conducted...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Huanyi Shao, Ping Liu, Hua Zhang, Congde Chen, Xiaokun Lin
Cystoscopic technique is the current common method of retrieving double J ureteral stent in most pediatric urological centers. In this study, we evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of a novel noncystoscopic method to remove retained ureteral stents in pediatric patients.We reviewed all medical records from a total of 102 patients who were treated in our hospital between January 2013 and December 2016 to remove the double J ureteral stent retained into the ureter. The pediatric patients were divided into 2 groups based on different surgical options: cystoscopic group and noncystoscopic group...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mark P Cote
Septic arthritis is a rare but potentially devastating complication after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Studies examining surgical treatment options including graft retention and removal are largely inconclusive. Although the literature indicated that 43.8% of patients who have the graft removed later go on to have a revision ACL reconstruction compared with only 6.5% among those whose graft is retained, this expected-value decision analysis found removal to be the optimal treatment for patients with septic arthritis after ACL reconstruction...
March 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
R Samaniego Alonso, E Gaviria Parada, M Pons Cabrafiga, M Espallargues Carreras, O Martinez Cruz
INTRODUCTION: In our environment, it is increasingly necessary to perform an activity based on scientific evidence and the field of prosthetic surgery should be governed by the same principles. The national arthroplasty registries allow us to obtain a large amount of data in order to evaluate this technique. The aim of our study is to analyse the scientific evidence that supports the primary total knee arthroplasties implanted in Catalonian public hospitals, based on the Arthoplasty Registry of Catalonia (RACat) MATERIAL AND METHODS: A review of the literature was carried out on knee prostheses (cruciate retaining, posterior stabilized, constricted and rotational) recorded in RACat between the period 2005-2013 in the following databases: Orthopedic Data Evaluation Panel, PubMed, TripDatabase and Google Scholar...
February 28, 2018: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
Tyler Safran, Alex Viezel-Mathieu, Benjamin Beland, Alain J Azzi, Rafael Galli, Mirko Gilardino
INTRODUCTION: Craniosynostosis, the premature fusion of ≥1 cranial sutures, is the leading cause of pediatric skull deformities, affecting 1 of every 2000 to 2500 live births worldwide. Technologies used for the management of craniofacial conditions, specifically in craniosynostosis, have been advancing dramatically. This article highlights the most recent technological advances in craniosynostosis surgery through a systematic review of the literature. METHODS: A systematic electronic search was performed using the PubMed database...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Alessandro Pozzi, Lorenzo Arcuri, Peter K Moy
The growing interest in minimally invasive implant placement and delivery of a prefabricated provisional prosthesis immediately, thus minimizing "time to teeth," has led to the development of numerous 3-dimensional (3D) planning software programs. Given the enhancements associated with fully digital workflows, such as better 3D soft-tissue visualization and virtual tooth rendering, computer-guided implant surgery and immediate function has become an effective and reliable procedure. This article describes how modern implant planning software programs provide a comprehensive digital platform that enables efficient interplay between the surgical and restorative aspects of implant treatment...
March 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
Chi Zhang, Xiang Hu
In the past, people only focused on surgical resection of gastric cancer to obtain satisfactory therapeutic effect, while the concept of function-preserving in gastric cancer surgery has not been emphasized. Gastric function-preserving surgery was originally performed by Japanese doctor Maki for surgical treatment of gastroduodenal ulcer. With the definition of early gastric cancer being accepted, the pylorus-preserving gastrectomy can be used continuously in the treatment of gastric cancer. Because of high incidence of early gastric cancer in Japan, a variety of application and research about function-preserving gastrectomy in other areas for treatment of early gastric cancer, such as proximal gastrectomy and jejunal interposition, segmental gastrectomy, gastric local resection and laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery (LECS) at the same time, and regional or sentinel lymph node dissection were performed for the purpose of radical cure...
February 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Marcelo Carlos Bortoluzzi, Luciana Dorochenko, Giovana Massuqueto, Rodrigo César da Silva, Rafael Manfro, Fábio André Santos
AIMS: To identify relevant variables that may predict pain after routine extraction of erupted teeth, to construct a Pain Prediction Index (PPI) based on these variables, and to verify how these variables are related by using valid structural equation modeling (ie, path analysis). METHODS: This study was designed as an observational prospective study for postoperative memory of pain after dental extraction of erupted teeth. Data from a total of 781 surgical procedures related to dental extractions were included...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
Smrithi Padmakumar, Neha Parayath, Fraser Leslie, Shantikumar V Nair, Deepthy Menon, Mansoor M Amiji
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) remains to be the most lethal of all gynecological malignancies mainly due to its asymptomatic nature. The late stages of EOC are manifested with predominant metastases confined to the peritoneal cavity. Although there has been a substantial progress in the treatment avenue with different therapeutic interventions, the overall survival rate of EOC patients remain poor due to relapse and drug resistance. Areas covered: The pharmacokinetic advantages offered by intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy due to the peritoneal-plasma barrier can be potentially exploited for EOC relapse treatment...
February 28, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
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