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ocular coherent tomography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148965/nonclinical-safety-assessment-of-anti-factor-d-key-strategies-and-challenges-for-the-nonclinical-development-of-intravitreal-biologics
#1
Vladimir Bantseev, Rebecca Erickson, Douglas Leipold, Caroline Amaya, Paul E Miller, Helen Booler, Evan A Thackaberry
PURPOSE: The nonclinical toxicology program described here was designed to characterize the safety profile of anti-factor D (AFD; FCFD4514S, lampalizumab) to support intravitreal (ITV) administration in patients with geographic atrophy (GA). METHODS: The toxicity of AFD was assessed in a single-dose and 6-month repeat-dose study in monkeys at doses up to 10 mg/eye. Toxicity was assessed by clinical ophthalmic examinations, intraocular pressure measurements, ocular photography, electroretinography, fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, and anatomic pathology...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148529/anterior-segment-ischemia-etiology-assessment-and-management
#2
S L Pineles, M Y Chang, E L Oltra, M S Pihlblad, J P Davila-Gonzalez, T C Sauer, F G Velez
Anterior segment ischemia (ASI) is a potentially serious but rare complication of strabismus surgery. Among several risk factors, ASI occurs after strabismus surgery because of the nature of the anterior segment circulation. Disinsertion of rectus muscles leads to a decrease in the blood supply to the various anterior segment structures. We report a series of retrospective and prospective studies performed by our group focused on determining the risk of anterior segment ischemia following strabismus surgery, diagnosis, and modifications to surgical techniques to minimize the impact on anterior segment circulation...
November 17, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147565/operating-room-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#3
Ahmad M Mansour, Rola Hamam
Objectives: The operating room is a place of surgical intervention with its accompanying bodily and cognitive strain on the performers. Stress in the operating room may lead to the onset of central serous chorioretinopathy as reported hereby in a retina surgeon and is labeled as operating room central serous chorioretinopathy. Methods: The same operator performed the optical coherence tomography scans on one retina surgeon. A masked observer estimated the maximal height of the subretinal fluid...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145603/accuracy-of-next-generation-sequencing-for-molecular-diagnosis-in-patients-with-infantile-nystagmus-syndrome
#4
John Hoon Rim, Seung-Tae Lee, Heon Yung Gee, Byung Joo Lee, Jong Rak Choi, Hye Won Park, Sueng-Han Han, Jinu Han
Importance: Infantile nystagmus syndrome (INS) is a group of disorders presenting with genetic and clinical heterogeneities that have challenged the genetic and clinical diagnoses of INS. Precise molecular diagnosis in early infancy may result in more accurate genetic counseling and improved patient management. Objective: To assess the accuracy of genomic data from next-generation sequencing (NGS) and phenotypic data to enhance the definitive diagnosis of INS. Design, Setting, and Participants: A single-center retrospective case series was conducted in 48 unrelated, consecutive patients with INS, with or without associated ocular or systemic conditions, who underwent genetic testing between June 1, 2015, and January 31, 2017...
November 16, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140817/new-developments-in-optical-coherence-tomography-imaging-for-glaucoma
#5
Jean-Claude Mwanza, Donald L Budenz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Since its introduction in ophthalmology, optical coherence tomography (OCT) has undergone significant advances in imaging protocols, algorithms, and addition of new parameters which have maximized its potential for diagnosing, evaluating the response to treatment, and assessing the progression of various ocular diseases, including glaucoma. This review provides an update on recent developments in OCT with respect to the management of glaucoma. RECENT FINDINGS: Most recent notable developments include the introduction of the minimum distance band, which is a three-dimensional optic nerve head parameter, and Swept-Source OCT with its single wide-field scanning capability...
November 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138527/longitudinal-analysis-of-mouse-sdoct-volumes
#6
Bhavna J Antony, Aaron Carass, Andrew Lang, Byung-Jin Kim, Donald J Zack, Jerry L Prince
Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT), in addition to its routine clinical use in the diagnosis of ocular diseases, has begun to find increasing use in animal studies. Animal models are frequently used to study disease mechanisms as well as to test drug efficacy. In particular, SDOCT provides the ability to study animals longitudinally and non-invasively over long periods of time. However, the lack of anatomical landmarks makes the longitudinal scan acquisition prone to inconsistencies in orientation...
February 11, 2017: Proceedings of SPIE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137322/the-c-jun-n-terminal-kinase-plays-a-key-role-in-ocular-degenerative-changes-in-a-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-disease-suggesting-a-correlation-between-ocular-and-brain-pathologies
#7
Lucia Buccarello, Alessandra Sclip, Matteo Sacchi, Anna Maria Castaldo, Ilaria Bertani, Andrea ReCecconi, Silvia Maestroni, Gianpaolo Zerbini, Paolo Nucci, Tiziana Borsello
Recently a range of ocular manifestations such as retinal and lens amyloid-beta accumulation and retinal nerve fiber layer loss have been proposed as potential biomarkers in Alzheimer disease (AD). The TgCRND8 mouse model of AD exhibits age-dependent amyloid β (Aβ) oligomers accumulation and cognitive defects, amyloid plaques and hyperphosphorylated Tau deposition and inflammation. We proved the correlation between ocular pathologies and AD, observing increased levels of p-APP and p-Tau, accumulation of Aβ oligomers in the retina, eye, and optic nerve...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135812/optic-nerve-head-drusen-the-relationship-between-intraocular-pressure-and-optic-nerve-structure-and-function
#8
Kaitlyn W Nolan, Michael S Lee, Rohan A Jalalizadeh, Kevin C Firl, Gregory P Van Stavern, Collin M McClelland
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether at the time of diagnosis, the intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with optic nerve head drusen (ONHD) correlates with the perimetric mean deviation (PMD) and the mean retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness on optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: This retrospective chart review included adults with ONHD from 2 academic medical centers. Inclusion criteria were age older than 18 years, definitive diagnosis of ONHD, measurement of IOP, and an automated visual field (VF) within 3 months of diagnosis...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135305/choroidal-thickness-of-helicobacter-positive-patients-without-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#9
Fatih Horozoglu, Ozkan Sever, Ekrem Celik, Rafet Mete, Ertan Sahin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection on subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) in patients without clinical central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 50 patients with pathologically proven H. pylori infection (H. pylori (+)) and 50 patients without H. pylori infection (H. pylori (-)). All of the recruited patients were previously admitted to the Gastroenterology Department of the Namik Kemal University School of Medicine over the period of July 2014 to September 2015...
November 14, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133640/evaluation-of-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-parameters-in-ocular-hypertension-preperimetric-and-early-glaucoma
#10
Tuğba Aydogan, BetÜl İlkay Sezgin Akçay, Esra Kardeş, Ahmet Ergin
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic ability of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), macular, optic nerve head (ONH) parameters in healthy subjects, ocular hypertension (OHT), preperimetric glaucoma (PPG), and early glaucoma (EG) patients, to reveal factors affecting the diagnostic ability of spectral domain-optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) parameters and risk factors for glaucoma. METHODS: Three hundred and twenty-six eyes (89 healthy, 77 OHT, 94 PPG, and 66 EG eyes) were analyzed...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122822/posterior-keratoconus
#11
REVIEW
Megan R Silas, Sarah M Hilkert, James J Reidy, Asim V Farooq
Posterior keratoconus (PKC) is a rare, typically non-inflammatory condition that is characterised by an abnormal posterior corneal curvature, which may be accompanied by overlying stromal opacification. It is usually congenital and can be associated with other ocular and systemic abnormalities. PKC remains a clinical diagnosis, although imaging techniques including ultrasound biomicroscopy and anterior segment optical coherence tomography may be useful tools for confirmation and classification. Genetic studies should be considered, although no specific genetic defects have been identified thus far...
November 9, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121358/optical-coherence-tomography-findings-in-endogenous-fungal-chorioretinitis-retinitis-and-endophthalmitis
#12
John D Stephens, Murtaza K Adam, Bohzo Todorich, Lisa J Faia, Sunir Garg, James P Dunn, Sonia Mehta
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To describe spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) findings in eyes with endogenous fungal chorioretinitis and endophthalmitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective, observational case series of subjects at Wills Eye Hospital and William Beaumont Hospital were identified by screening OCT billing data and cross-referencing with patient charts. Clinical and imaging data were collected for each patient and reviewed. RESULTS: Twelve eyes of seven consecutive patients were identified, demonstrating two patterns of posterior ocular involvement: chorioretinal infiltration and superficial retinal/retinal vascular infiltration without choroidal involvement...
November 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120259/signal-alteration-in-the-optic-nerve-head-on-3d-t2-weighted-mri-a-potential-neuroimaging-sign-of-glaucomatous-optic-neuropathy
#13
Jong Yeon Lee, Hyo Jeong Kwon, Su Jin Park, Chungkwon Yoo, Yong Yeon Kim, Eung Yeop Kim
PURPOSE: To investigate whether a signal alteration (SA) in the optic nerve head (ONH) on 3D T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is associated with glaucomatous optic neuropathy Materials and Methods: A total of 35 patients with bilateral open-angle glaucoma and 31 age-matched controls underwent 3D high-resolution (0.98 × 0.98 × 1 mm(3)) T2-weighted MRI and detailed ophthalmologic examinations including spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT). Two independent reviewers blinded to subject data determined mild or prominent SA on 3D T2-weighted MRI for the incomplete or complete loss of ocular hypointense continuity in the ONH, respectively...
November 9, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111821/correlations-of-corneal-optical-densitometry-endothelial-hexagonality-percentage-and-epithelium-thickness
#14
Gökhan Pekel, Fatih Özbakış, Alperen Bahar, Evre Pekel, Ebru Nevin Çetin
PURPOSE: Our aim was to examine the associations between the cornea morphological parameters, endothelial cell density, and anterior chamber measurements. METHODS: This observational study included 50 eyes of 50 healthy volunteers. The thicknesses of corneal epithelium, Bowman's layer, stroma, Descemet's membrane-endothelium complex, and pre-ocular tear film were measured by means of anterior segment optical coherence tomography. The keratometry (K), corneal volume (CV), corneal optical densitometry (COD), iridocorneal angle (ICA), anterior chamber depth (ACD), and anterior chamber volume (ACV) measurements were taken by the Scheimpflug anterior segment imaging...
November 7, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111820/identification-of-feeder-vessels-in-ocular-surface-neoplasia-using-indocyanine-green-angiography
#15
Matthias Brunner, Bernhard Steger, Vito Romano, Martin Hodson, Yalin Zheng, Heinrich Heimann, Stephen B Kaye
PURPOSE: To evaluate indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) for the identification and characterization of afferent (feeding) and efferent (draining) vessels in patients with ocular surface neoplasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with biopsy-proven benign, pre-invasive, or invasive ocular surface tumors of the bulbar conjunctiva were included. Patients underwent anterior segment optical coherence tomography, ICGA, and color photography for the evaluation of the thickness, location, number, and diameter of afferent and efferent vessels of the lesions...
November 7, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110946/assessment-of-the-electronic-retinal-implant-alpha-ams-in-restoring-vision-to-blind-patients-with-end-stage-retinitis-pigmentosa
#16
Thomas L Edwards, Charles L Cottriall, Kanmin Xue, Matthew P Simunovic, James D Ramsden, Eberhart Zrenner, Robert E MacLaren
PURPOSE: To report the initial efficacy results of the Retina Implant Alpha AMS (Retina Implant AG, Reutlingen, Germany) for partial restoration of vision in end-stage retinitis pigmentosa (RP). DESIGN: Prospective, single-arm, investigator-sponsored interventional clinical trial. Within-participant control comprising residual vision with the retinal implant switched ON versus OFF in the implanted eye. PARTICIPANTS: The Retina Implant Alpha AMS was implanted into the worse-seeing eye of 6 participants with end-stage RP and no useful perception of light vision...
October 27, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109894/vitreomacular-interface-disorders-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-uveitis
#17
Hilal Eser Öztürk, Özlem Eşki Yücel, Yüksel Süllü
Objectives: To determine the prevalence of vitreomacular interface (VMI) disorders in patients with Behçet's uveitis and assess the relationship between VMI disorders and clinical characteristics. Materials and Methods: The macular optical coherence tomography (OCT) images of 160 eyes of 96 patients with Behçet's uveitis who were being followed in the Uvea-Behçet's clinic were assessed retrospectively for VMI disorders including posterior vitreous detachment (PVD), epiretinal membrane (ERM), vitreomacular adhesion (VMA), vitreomacular traction (VMT), full-thickness macular hole (FTMH), lamellar hole (LH) and pseudohole...
October 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104870/age-related-variations-of-rabbit-corneal-geometrical-and-clinical-biomechanical-parameters
#18
Haixia Zhang, Xiao Qin, Xiaomeng Cao, Di Zhang, Lin Li
Purpose: To study the variations in corneal clinical biomechanical parameters (CCBP) and corneal geometrical parameters of rabbit in relation to age. Methods: Rabbits aged 3, 7, 12, 18, and 24 months were enrolled. Each eye of the rabbits was tested with Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA), Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), and Pachymeter to obtain the intraocular pressure (IOP): Goldmann-correlated IOP (IOPg) and Corneal Compensated Intraocular Pressure (IOPcc); CCBP: Corneal Hysteresis (CH) and Corneal Resistance Factor (CRF); corneal geometric parameters: corneal curvature radius (CCR) and central corneal thickness (CCT)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099033/vegf-b-levels-in-the-vitreous-of-diabetic-and-non-diabetic-patients-with-ocular-diseases-and-its-correlation-with-structural-parameters
#19
Joana Mesquita, João Paulo Castro de Sousa, Sara Vaz-Pereira, Arminda Neves, Paulo Tavares-Ratado, Fátima M Santos, Luís A Passarinha, Cândida T Tomaz
Vascular endothelial growth factor B (VEGF-B) is one of the enigmatic members of the VEGF family. The knowledge gap about VEGF-B expression and how its levels are altered in diabetic eyes were the focus of this investigation that was addressed by comparing and correlating vitreous VEGF-B between diabetic and non-diabetic patients. VEGF-B levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in vitreous samples (n = 33) from diabetic (n = 25) and non-diabetic (n = 8) patients. Results were compared between groups...
August 9, 2017: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095066/detecting-change-in-conjunctival-hyperemia-using-a-pixel-densitometry-index
#20
Vito Romano, Bernhard Steger, Matthias Brunner, Abigail Kaye, Yalin Zheng, Colin E Willoughby, Stephen B Kaye
PURPOSE: To investigate a pixel densitometry index (PDI) for measuring ocular surface inflammation (OSI). METHODS: Efron's grading was performed by two independent observers. Color photographs and indocyanine green angiography were undertaken before and after instillation of phenylephrine (PE) hydrochloride 2.5%. RESULTS: A total of 15 patients with and 10 without OSI were included. PDI before and after PE was 73.29 ± 30.71 and 50.87 ± 17...
November 2, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
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