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ocular coherent tomography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524144/-new-approaches-to-the-treatment-of-keratoconjunctivitis-sicca
#1
T N Safonova, O V Gladkova, I A Novikov, V I Boev, A A Fedorov
A new method has been developed for the treatment of severe forms of keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) that involves the use of an original cyclosporine A (CyA) saturated soft contact lens (SCL) together with preservative-free artificial tears therapy. AIM: to evaluate the effectiveness of the newly developed treatment for KCS based on the use of medical SCL saturated with 0.05% CyA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The patients (43 men, 60 eyes) with severe KCS were divided into 2 groups...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520627/posterior-scleral-melanocytosis-a-novel-fundus-finding-masquerading-as-a-choroidal-nevus
#2
Rosa Dolz-Marco, Dov B Sebrow, K Bailey Freund
PURPOSE: To report a case of "posterior scleral melanocytosis," a pigmented lesion of the posterior sclera that clinically resembles a flat choroidal nevus. METHODS: Case report of a patient with posterior scleral melanocytosis. Multimodal imaging, including swept source optical coherence tomography, was used to demonstrate the scleral location of the pigmented lesion and to distinguish its features from a typical choroidal nevus present in the same eye. RESULTS: An 86-year-old woman was seen for regular follow-up for neovascular age-related macular degeneration in her right eye and 2 pigmented lesions in her left eye, both presumed to be choroidal nevi...
May 16, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513113/retina-and-nerve-fiber-layer-thickness-in-eyes-with-thyroid-associated-ophthalmopathy
#3
Sharon Blum Meirovitch, Igal Leibovitch, Anat Kesler, David Varssano, Amir Rosenblatt, Meira Neuderfer
BACKGROUND: Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) is an inflammatory disease that affects the thyroid gland and the eye orbit. Of patients with TAO, 3%-5% have severe sight-threatening disease due to optic neuropathy Optical coherence tomography (OCT), the non-invasive imaging technology that yields high-resolution cross-sectional images of the retina, provides qualitative and quantitative data on the retina. OBJECTIVES: To apply this technique to quantitatively assess retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and macular ring thicknesses in healthy subjects and in patients with TAO to determine their relationship to the severity of the orbital disease...
May 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508380/-optical-coherence-tomography-in-eyes-with-senile-retinoschisis-sd-oct-versus-ultrasound-examinations-and-assessment-of-the-vitreoretinal-interface
#4
A Bringewatt, S Burzer, N Feucht, M Maier
BACKGROUND: In addition to ocular ultrasonography (US), spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) is available in order to diagnose senile retinoschisis (sRS). SD-OCT also allows for classification of posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) in healthy eyes. OBJECTIVES: Reevaluation of the value and additional benefit of both imaging procedures. SD-OCT-based evaluation of PVD stages in sRS patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Diagnostic results of 33 eyes in 26 patients with clinical suspicion of sRS were retrospectively analysed...
May 15, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503436/association-of-choroidal-thickness-with-early-stages-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-type-2-diabetes
#5
Zhi-Jun Shen, Xiu-Fen Yang, Jun Xu, Chong-Yang She, Wen-Wen Wei, Wan-Lu Zhu, Ning-Pu Liu
AIM: To assess the correlation between choroidal thickness (CT) and the early stages of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: We divided 83 diabetic patients (51-80 years of age; 50 females) into non diabetic retinopathy group (NDR) and mild/moderate nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) group, and compared them with 26 non-diabetic control subjects (51-78 years of age; 16 females). Subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) and parafoveal choroidal thickness (PFCT) were measured using enhanced depth imaging spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT)...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499992/segmentation-and-quantification-for-angle-closure-glaucoma-assessment-in-anterior-segment-oct
#6
Huazhu Fu, Yanwu Xu, Stephen Lin, Xiaoqin Zhang, Damon Wing Kee Wong, Jiang Liu, Alejandro Frangi, Mani Baskaran, Tin Aung
Angle-closure glaucoma is a major cause of irreversible visual impairment and can be identified by measuring the anterior chamber angle (ACA) of the eye. The ACA can be viewed clearly through Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography (AS-OCT), but the imaging characteristics and the shapes and locations of major ocular structures can vary significantly among different AS-OCT modalities, thus complicating image analysis. To address this problem, we propose a datadriven approach for automatic AS-OCT structure segmentation, measurement and screening...
May 10, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499051/safety-and-efficacy-of-ziv-aflibercept-in-the-treatment-of-refractory-diabetic-macular-edema
#7
Mohammed Ashraf, Hassan El Kayal, Ahmed A R Souka
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of ziv-aflibercept (Zaltrap; Sanofi-Aventis, Bridgewater, NJ/Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Tarrytown, NY) in the treatment of refractory diabetic macular edema (DME). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective case series looking at the safety of ziv-aflibercept in patients with DME refractory to previous anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy. Detailed ophthalmologic examination, best-corrected visual acuity, and optical coherence tomography measurements were performed pre-switch, as well as at each monthly follow-up visit...
May 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497458/ocular-surface-disease-in-patients-under-topical-treatment-for-glaucoma
#8
Francisco Pérez-Bartolomé, Jose M Martínez-de-la-Casa, Pedro Arriola-Villalobos, Cristina Fernández-Pérez, Vicente Polo, Julián García-Feijoó
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between ocular surface disease (OSD) and topical antiglaucoma therapy. METHODS: A total of 211 eyes of 211 patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension on topical medication were recruited over 10 months. Controls were 51 eyes of 51 healthy age- and sex-matched volunteers. In each patient, we recorded the intraocular pressure-lowering eyedrops used, the number of medications used, and daily and cumulative preservative concentrations (PC)...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494517/exploration-of-peripapillary-vessel-density-in-highly-myopic-eyes-with-peripapillary-intrachoroidal-cavitation-and-its-relationship-with-ocular-parameters-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#9
Chen Qiuying, He Jiangnan, Hua Yihong, Fan Ying
IMPORTANCE: Identifying changes of peripapillary vessel density in highly myopic eyes with peripapillary intrachoroidal cavitation (PICC) by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). BACKGROUND: To investigate peripapillary vessel density and its relationship with other ocular parameters in highly myopic eyes with PICC. DESIGN: This was a hospital-based, cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-five highly myopic eyes with PICC, 46 highly myopic eyes without PICC and 36 normal eyes were included in this study...
May 11, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493931/asymptomatic-carotid-artery-stenosis-and-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-thickness-a-community-based-observational-study
#10
Dandan Wang, Yang Li, Yong Zhou, Cheng Jin, Qi Zhao, Anxin Wang, Shouling Wu, Wen Bin Wei, Xingquan Zhao, Jost B Jonas
PURPOSE: To examine whether an abnormally thin retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) is associated with cerebrovascular insufficiency. DESIGN: Community-based study. METHODS: The Asymptomatic Polyvascular Abnormalities in Community Study included Chinese aged 40+ years and without histories of cerebrovascular incidents or coronary heart disease. Using transcranial Doppler and carotid duplex ultrasound examination, we assessed presence and degree of an intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS) and extracranial carotid arterial stenosis (ECAS) and we measured the RNFL thickness by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491467/association-between-asymptomatic-unilateral-internal-carotid-artery-stenosis-and-electrophysiological-function-of-the-retina-and-optic-nerve
#11
Anna Machalińska, Aleksandra Kowalska-Budek, Miłosz Piotr Kawa, Arkadiusz Kazimierczak, Krzysztof Safranow, Marta Kirkiewicz, Grażyna Wilk, Wojciech Lubiński, Piotr Gutowski, Bogusław Machaliński
Purpose. This study was designed to assess retinal and optic nerve bioelectrical function in patients with unilateral asymptomatic but hemodynamically significant internal carotid artery stenosis (ICAS). Methods. Forty-two subjects with a diagnosis of unilateral ICAS and 34 controls were analyzed. Full-field electroretinogram (ERG), pattern electroretinogram (PERG), and pattern visual-evoked potentials, as well as optical coherence tomography and ophthalmological examination, were performed. Data analysis included eyes ipsilateral to ICAS (EIS) and eyes contralateral to ICAS (ECS)...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490803/effects-of-smoking-and-smoking-abstinence-on-spatial-vision-in-chronic-heavy-smokers
#12
Thiago Monteiro de Paiva Fernandes, Natalia Leandro de Almeida, Natanael Antonio Dos Santos
Cigarette smoke is a complex chemical mixture, involving health-damaging components such as carbon monoxide, ammonia, pyridine, toluene and nicotine. While cognitive functions have been well documented in heavy smokers, spatial vision has been less characterized. In the article, we investigated smoking effects through contrast sensitivity function (CSF), a rigorous procedure that measures the spatial vision. Data were recorded from 48 participants, a group of non-smokers (n = 16), a group of chronic and heavy cigarette smokers (n = 16) and deprived smokers (n = 16); age range 20-45 years...
May 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490427/effect-of-acute-intraocular-pressure-elevation-on-the-minimum-rim-width-in-normal-ocular-hypertensive-and-glaucoma-eyes
#13
Sourabh Sharma, Tin A Tun, Mani Baskaran, Eray Atalay, Sri Gowtham Thakku, Zhang Liang, Dan Milea, Nicholas G Strouthidis, Tin Aung, Michael Ja Girard
BACKGROUND: To estimate and compare changes in the Bruch's membrane opening-minimum rim width (BMO-MRW) and area in normal, ocular hypertensive and glaucoma eyes following acute elevations in intraocular pressure (IOP). METHODS: The optic nerve heads (ONHs) of 104 subjects (31 normals, 20 ocular hypertension (OHT) and 53 with primary glaucoma) were imaged using Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT; Spectralis, Heidelberg Engineering, Germany). IOP was raised twice by applying a force (0...
May 10, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487376/visual-and-ocular-motor-function-in-the-atypical-form-of-neurodegeneration-with-brain-iron-accumulation-type-i
#14
Joana Jesus-Ribeiro, Cláudia Farinha, Margarida Amorim, Anabela Matos, Aldina Reis, João Lemos, Miguel Castelo-Branco, Cristina Januário
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) type I is a rare disease that can be divided into a classical or atypical variant, according to age of onset and clinical pattern. Neuro-ophthalmological involvement has been documented in the classical variant but only anecdotically in the atypical variant. We sought to describe the visual and ocular motor function in patients with atypical form of NBIA type I. METHODS: Cross-sectional study, including patients with genetically confirmed NBIA type I and classified as atypical variant, who underwent ophthalmological examination with best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), optical coherence tomography (OCT), fundus autofluorescence (FAF), electroretinography (ERG), visual evoked potentials (VEP) and video-oculography...
May 9, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486730/die-randunscharfe-papille-eine-diagnostische-herausforderung
#15
Julia Biermann, Wolf Alexander Lagrèze
Correct differential diagnosis in cases of blurred optic disc margins is a challenging task for ophthalmologists. The reliable differentiation of pseudopapilloedema and true papilloedema has significant implications for proper patient management. Conditions that give rise to pseudopapilloedema include small crowded discs, tilted discs and optic nerve head drusen. Conditions that cause bilateral true swelling of the optic nerve head with initially good visual acuity include those that are secondary to raised intracranial pressure (optic disc edema, ODE)...
May 9, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481929/horizontal-and-vertical-optic-disc-rotation-the-beijing-eye-study
#16
Yuan Yuan Fan, Jost B Jonas, Ya Xing Wang, Chang Xi Chen, Wen Bin Wei
PURPOSE: To measure the optic disc rotation around the vertical and horizontal disc axis and to evaluate associations with general and ocular parameters. DESIGN: Population-based study. METHODS: In the Beijing Eye Study, 3468 participants (mean age:64.6±9.8 years; range:50-93 years) underwent an ophthalmological examination which included spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) with enhanced depth imaging. Using the OCT images, we determined the amount of the rotation of the optic disc (defined as Bruch´s membrane opening (BMO)) around the vertical axis and horizontal axis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481155/a-unique-case-series-of-autosomal-recessive-bestrophinopathy-exhibiting-multigenerational-inheritance
#17
Joshua S Hardin, G Bradley Schaefer, Ahmed B Sallam, M Kathryn Williams, Sami Uwaydat
INTRODUCTION: Autosomal recessive bestrophinopathy (ARB) is a retinal disease caused by biallelic mutations of the BEST1 gene. It has a variable phenotype with white flecks in the retina, multifocal yellow subretinal deposits, macular edema, choroidal neovascularization, hyperopia, and electrophysiological abnormalities. We describe a family with ARB and multigenerational inheritance. METHODS: Three generations of a Middle Eastern family (a woman, one son, and two grandchildren) were evaluated by our ocular genetics team...
May 8, 2017: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472178/influence-of-eye-biometrics-and-corneal-micro-structure-on-noncontact-tonometry
#18
Danilo A Jesus, Małgorzata Majewska, Patrycja Krzyżanowska-Berkowska, D Robert Iskander
PURPOSE: Tonometry is widely used as the main screening tool supporting glaucoma diagnosis. Still, its accuracy could be improved if full knowledge about the variation of the corneal biomechanical properties was available. In this study, Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) speckle statistics are used to infer the organisation of the corneal micro-structure and hence, to analyse its influence on intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements. METHODS: Fifty-six subjects were recruited for this prospective study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465249/the-application-of-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-uveitis-and-inflammatory-eye-diseases
#19
REVIEW
Francesco Pichi, David Sarraf, Sruthi Arepalli, Careen Y Lowder, Emmett T Cunningham, Piergiorgio Neri, Thomas A Albini, Vishali Gupta, Kimberly Baynes, Sunil K Srivastava
Since its introduction in the early 1990s, optical coherence tomography (OCT) has evolved in resolution and technological advances, and in recent years its initial application of assessing the morphology of a tissue has been implemented by the study of its functional blood flow, through optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). This novel technique details capillary networks by comparing the amount of light returned from static and moving targets without the need for intravenous dye administration. While this imaging modality has been used for various ocular conditions, the application OCTA to uveitis conditions remains sparse...
April 29, 2017: Progress in Retinal and Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462456/relationship-between-laser-speckle-flowgraphy-and-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-measurements-of-ocular-microcirculation
#20
Naoki Kiyota, Hiroshi Kunikata, Yukihiro Shiga, Kazuko Omodaka, Toru Nakazawa
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) measurements of ocular microcirculation in normal and open-angle glaucoma (OAG) subjects. METHODS: This study included 18 eyes of 18 OAG patients and ten eyes of ten age-matched healthy controls. LSFG was used to measure mean blur rate (MBR) in the optic nerve head (ONH) vessel area (MV) and tissue area (MT)...
May 1, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
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