keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

parkinson and aspiration pneumonia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157667/a-case-of-multiple-system-atrophy-parkinsonian-type-with-stuttering-and-palilalia-like-dysfluencies-and-putaminal-atrophy
#1
Yoshikazu Kikuchi, Toshiro Umezaki, Taira Uehara, Hiroo Yamaguchi, Koji Yamashita, Akio Hiwatashi, Motohiro Sawatsubashi, Kazuo Adachi, Yumi Yamaguchi, Daisuke Murakami, Jun-Ichi Kira, Takashi Nakagawa
Both developmental and acquired stuttering are related to the function of the basal ganglia-thalamocortical loop, which includes the putamen. Here, we present a case of stuttering- and palilalia-like dysfluencies that manifested as an early symptom of multiple system atrophy-parkinsonian type (MSA-P) and bilateral atrophy of the putamen. The patient was a 72-year-old man with no history of developmental stuttering who presented with a stutter for consultation with our otorhinolaryngology department. The patient was diagnosed with MSA-P based on parkinsonism, autonomic dysfunction, and bilateral putaminal atrophy revealed by T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805570/swallowing-dysfunctions-in-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Janine A Simons
Dysphagia is a very frequent and highly relevant symptom in Parkinson's disease (PD) for quality of life, morbidity, and remaining lifetime, which is unfortunately widely underdiagnosed and underestimated regarding patients' centered care. Especially in early stages, the causal association between disease and swallowing disabilities remains unnoticed, which may be accounted for by the inability of caregivers and physicians to detect subtle swallowing problems and by the low self-awareness among PD patients...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781200/outcome-of-gastrostomy-in-parkinsonism-a-retrospective-study
#3
Clémence Marois, Maria Del Mar Amador, Christine Payan, Lucette Lacomblez, Anne-Marie Bonnet, Bertrand Degos, Jean-Christophe Corvol, Marie Vidailhet, Nadine Le Forestier, Valérie Mesnage, David Grabli
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the indications and the outcomes of gastrostomy tube insertion in patients with parkinsonian syndromes. METHODS: Consecutive patients with Parkinson's disease or atypical parkinsonism, seen in two French tertiary referral movement disorders centers, that received gastrostomy tube insertion (GTI) for feeding between 2008 and 2014 were included in this retrospective study. Data regarding clinical status, indications and outcomes were retrieved from medical files...
June 23, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739426/incorporating-oral-health-into-interprofessional-care-teams-for-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#4
REVIEW
Natalia S Rozas, June M Sadowsky, Deborah J Jones, Cameron B Jeter
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that primarily affects the motor system. However, non-motor symptoms such as cognitive, autonomic, sleep-related and sensory dysfunctions are often reported. A subgroup of non-motor symptoms, oropharyngeal problems, also affects these patients in ways that greatly deteriorate quality of life. Each patient may develop a different set of non-motor symptoms, making interprofessional collaboration among health care providers a must to treat patients with PD...
July 17, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473650/a-descriptive-study-of-lewy-body-dementia-with-functional-imaging-support-in-a-chinese-population-a-preliminary-study
#5
Y F Shea, L W Chu, S C Lee
INTRODUCTION: Lewy body dementia includes dementia with Lewy bodies and Parkinson's disease dementia. There have been limited clinical studies among Chinese patients with Lewy body dementia. This study aimed to review the presenting clinical features and identify risk factors for complications including fall, dysphagia, aspiration pneumonia, pressure sores, and mortality in Chinese patients with Lewy body dementia. We also wished to identify any difference in clinical features of patients with Lewy body dementia with and without an Alzheimer's disease pattern of functional imaging...
May 5, 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447217/swallowing-disorders-in-schizophrenia
#6
REVIEW
Deepika P Kulkarni, Vandan D Kamath, Jonathan T Stewart
Disorders of swallowing are poorly characterized but quite common in schizophrenia. They are a source of considerable morbidity and mortality in this population, generally as a result of either acute asphyxia from airway obstruction or more insidious aspiration and pneumonia. The death rate from acute asphyxia may be as high as one hundred times that of the general population. Most swallowing disorders in schizophrenia seem to fall into one of two categories, changes in eating and swallowing due to the illness itself and changes related to psychotropic medications...
August 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253409/enhancing-care-for-hospitalized-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-development-of-a-formal-educational-program-for-nursing-staff
#7
Mary C DiBartolo
Although not generally a primary admission diagnosis, Parkinson's disease (PD) can be a significant comorbidity during hospitalization. Hospitalized individuals with PD can experience a variety of complications, such as confusion, pneumonia, and urinary infections. More than 20% of patients experience deterioration in symptoms and hospital stays are extended by an average of 4 days. Late, omitted, or inappropriate medications are frequent culprits leading to serious consequences, including falls and aspiration...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795943/tailored-deep-brain-stimulation-optimization-for-improved-airway-protective-outcomes-in-parkinson-s-disease
#8
Michelle S Troche, Alexandra E Brandimore, Karen W Hegland, Pamela R Zeilman, Kelly D Foote, Michael S Okun
There is no consensus regarding the effects of deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery on swallowing outcomes in Parkinson's disease (PD). No prospective studies have compared airway protective outcomes following DBS to the subthalamic nucleus (STN) versus globus pallidus interna (GPi). A recent retrospective study described swallowing outcomes pre- and post-STN vs. GPi DBS in a cohort of 34 patients with PD. The results revealed that the patients who received GPi DBS maintained their swallowing function post-DBS, while those in the STN group significantly worsened in swallowing safety...
September 2016: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery: Advanced Techniques and Case Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662326/acute-hospital-admissions-of-individuals-with-a-known-parkinson-s-disease-diagnosis-in-ireland-2009-2012-a-short-report
#9
Bróna Kelly, Catherine Blake, Olive Lennon
BACKGROUND: The rate of people with Parkinson's disease (PD) is predicted to double by 2030 resulting in an even greater burden to an already struggling Irish health care system. There is a paucity of information regarding hospital utilisation among the PD population in an Irish context. OBJECTIVE: To examine trends of acute hospital in-patient admissions of patients admitted with a secondary diagnosis of PD between 2009 and 2012 in Ireland. METHOD: Data concerning patients, aged over and under 65 years with a previously existing diagnosis of Parkinson's Disease were requested from the HIPE database for the years 2009-2012...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533053/premotor-symptoms-as-predictors-of-outcome-in-parkinsons-disease-a-case-control-study
#10
Yu-Hsuan Wu, Wei-Ju Lee, Yi-Huei Chen, Ming-Hong Chang, Ching-Heng Lin
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the association between the premotor symptoms and the prognosis of PD. METHODS: A total of 1213 patients who were diagnosed of PD from January 2001 to December 2008 were selected from the Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. Patients were traced back to determine the presence of premotor symptoms, including rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD), depression, and constipation. Cox's regression analysis was used to detect the risks between the occurrence of premotor symptoms and the outcome (including death, psychosis, accidental injury, dementia and aspiration pneumonia)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532657/effectiveness-of-allied-health-therapy-in-the-symptomatic-management-of-progressive-supranuclear-palsy-a-systematic-review
#11
Erica Tilley, James McLoughlin, Simon A Koblar, Sebastian H Doeltgen, Cindy Stern, Sarahlouise White, Micah D J Peters
BACKGROUND: Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is an adult onset neurodegenerative condition associated with mobility, balance, speech, swallowing, vision and cognitive changes. The condition is diagnosed using the National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) and the Society of Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (SPSP) criteria. Therapeutic interventions for PSP are important, and a healthcare team should include a physiotherapist, occupational therapist and speech therapist...
June 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462817/a-novel-excitatory-network-for-the-control-of-breathing
#12
Tatiana M Anderson, Alfredo J Garcia, Nathan A Baertsch, Julia Pollak, Jacob C Bloom, Aguan D Wei, Karan G Rai, Jan-Marino Ramirez
Breathing must be tightly coordinated with other behaviours such as vocalization, swallowing, and coughing. These behaviours occur after inspiration, during a respiratory phase termed postinspiration. Failure to coordinate postinspiration with inspiration can result in aspiration pneumonia, the leading cause of death in Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, dementia, and other neurodegenerative diseases. Here we describe an excitatory network that generates the neuronal correlate of postinspiratory activity in mice...
August 4, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461481/reflex-cough-and-disease-duration-as-predictors-of-swallowing-dysfunction-in-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Michelle S Troche, Beate Schumann, Alexandra E Brandimore, Michael S Okun, Karen W Hegland
Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) have progressive and pervasive disorders of airway protection. Recent work has highlighted the relationship between reflex and voluntary cough and swallowing safety. The goal of this study was to test the sensitivity and specificity of several airway protective and disease-specific factors for predicting swallowing safety outcomes in PD. Sixty-four participants (44 males) completed measures of voluntary and reflex cough, and swallowing safety. Clinical predictors included disease severity and duration, and cough airflow and sensitivity measures...
December 2016: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446780/the-functional-dysphagia-scale-is-a-useful-tool-for-predicting-aspiration-pneumonia-in-patients-with-parkinson-disease
#14
Jong Hwa Lee, Kyeong Woo Lee, Sang Beom Kim, Sook Joung Lee, Sang Myung Chun, Sung Moon Jung
OBJECTIVE: To describe the correlation between the functional dysphagia scale and aspiration pneumonia and which characteristics influence the occurrence of aspiration pneumonia in patients with idiopathic Parkinson disease. METHODS: Fifty-three patients with idiopathic Parkinson disease were prospectively evaluated in this study. Disease severity and functional status were measured by modified Hoehn and Yahr (H&Y) staging, Schwab and England activities of daily living (S-E ADL) scale and Korean version of Mini-Mental State Examination (K-MMSE)...
June 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299944/-dysphagia-in-parkinson-s-disease-pathophysiology-diagnosis%C3%A2-and-therapy
#15
REVIEW
I Suttrup, T Warnecke
Oropharyngeal and esophageal dysphagia are a frequent, but seldom diagnosed symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD). More than 80 % of patients with PD develop dysphagia during the course of their disease leading to a reduced quality of life, complicated medication intake, malnutrition and aspiration pneumonia, which is a major cause of death in PD. The underlying pathophysiology is poorly understood. Impaired dopaminergic and non-dopaminergic mechanisms of the cortical swallowing network as well as peripheral neuromuscular involvement have been suggested to contribute to its multifactorial genesis...
July 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27242063/epidemiology-of-inpatient-stay-in-parkinson-s-disease-in-the-united-states-insights-from-the-nationwide-inpatient-sample
#16
Abhimanyu Mahajan, Poojitha Balakrishnan, Achint Patel, Ioannis Konstantinidis, Dominic Nistal, Narender Annapureddy, Priti Poojary, Girish N Nadkarni, Christos Sidiropoulos
The total number of people living with Parkinson's disease (PD) worldwide is expected to double by 2030. The risk factors for emergency department visits in PD patients have been described before, however, there is limited data on inpatient hospitalizations of PD patients. We derived our study cohort from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database from 2002-2011. The NIS is a stratified 20% sample of discharges from all U.S. hospitals. We extracted causes of hospitalization using International Classification of Diseases, 9th revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes and calculated inpatient mortality, length of stay and cost...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27157001/-use-of-gastrostomies-in-patients-over-75-years-old
#17
María Elena Baeza-Monedero, Beatriz Montero-Errasquín, Juan Sánchez-Corral, Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft
OBJECTIVE: To describe the indications of insertion of a percutaneous gastrostomy (PG) in older patients in a university hospital, as well as patient characteristics, short and long term complications, and mortality. METHODS: Retrospective descriptive study of all patients over 75 years who had a PG inserted during a three year period by the Interventional Radiology Department. The indication of the procedure was reviewed, and the incidence of complications and mortality during a 36 months follow-up period were assessed through electronic medical records...
March 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26970760/a-systematic-review-of-the-prevalence-of-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-in-stroke-parkinson-s-disease-alzheimer-s-disease-head-injury-and-pneumonia
#18
Claire Takizawa, Elizabeth Gemmell, James Kenworthy, Renée Speyer
Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a common condition after stroke, Parkinson's disease (PD), and Alzheimer's disease (AD), and can cause serious complications including malnutrition, aspiration pneumonia, and premature mortality. Despite its high prevalence among the elderly and associated serious complications, dysphagia is often overlooked and under-diagnosed in vulnerable patient populations. This systematic review aimed to improve understanding and awareness of the prevalence of dysphagia in susceptible patient populations...
June 2016: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26700774/-causes-and-background-of-death-in-elderly-patients-with-advanced-dementia
#19
Yasuyo Okumachi, Daisuke Yamashita, Tomoko Higo, Toshihiro Takata
AIM: To examine the causes of death in elderly patients with advanced dementia, we retrospectively investigated the medical records for death discharge cases hospitalized in the Department of Geriatric Medicine at Saiseikai-Nakatsu Hospital and examined death certificates issued throughout the hospital. METHODS: (1) From 2010 to 2013, 31 patients with advanced dementia died in the hospital or were discharged to receive terminal care at home. We evaluated their medical records to examine the pathological background and disease with which they were diagnosed when admitted to and discharged from the hospital...
2015: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26602905/quantitative-measures-of-swallowing-deficits-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Julia K Ellerston, Amanda C Heller, Daniel R Houtz, Katherine A Kendall
OBJECTIVE: Dysphagia and associated aspiration pneumonia are commonly reported sequelae of Parkinson's disease (PD). Previous studies of swallowing in patients with PD have described prolonged pharyngeal transit time, delayed onset of pharyngeal transit, cricopharyngeal (CP) achalasia, reduced pharyngeal constriction, and slowed hyolaryngeal elevation. These studies were completed using inconsistent evaluation methodology, reliance on qualitative analysis, and a lack of a large control group, resulting in concerns regarding diagnostic precision...
May 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
keyword
keyword
111743
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"