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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241047/knee-misalignment-and-exercise-amount-predictive-value-for-chronic-low-back-pain-in-young-competitive-athletes
#1
Andreas Rosenhagen, Daniel Niederer, Lutz Vogt, Winfried Banzer
Sports medical examinations of juvenile athletes provide an opportunity for preventive measures against sports-related diseases. Determining the leg axis deviation as a risk factor for future constraints may offer approaches for such measures. Data were obtained from 789 youth athletes: 166 with coronal plane knee misalignment and 623 without. After a seven-year period, 64 participants (m: 33, f: 31) from both groups were reassessed for the incidence of nonspecific chronic low back pain (CLBP). To distinguish participants with increased risk for CLBP, contingency tables for comparison of expected and joint frequency distribution testing and receivers operating characteristic (ROC) analyses for the weekly training time were conducted...
December 11, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207885/the-effectiveness-of-walking-versus-exercise-on-pain-and-function-in-chronic-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#2
Carla Vanti, Simone Andreatta, Silvia Borghi, Andrew Anthony Guccione, Paolo Pillastrini, Lucia Bertozzi
OBJECTIVE: Walking is commonly recommended to relieve pain and improve function in chronic low back pain. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials concerning the effectiveness of walking interventions compared to other physical exercise on pain, disability, quality of life and fear-avoidance, in chronic low back pain. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials investigating the effects of walking alone compared to exercise and to exercise with added walking on adults with chronic low back pain were identified using the MEDLINE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PsychINFO, and SPORT DiscusTM databases...
December 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158960/a-combined-treatment-approach-emphasizing-impairment-based-manual-therapy-and-exercise-for-hip-related-compensatory-injury-in-elite-athletes-a-case-series
#3
Steve Short, Gretchen Short, Donald Strack, Philip Anloague, Brian Brewster
Background/Purpose: Athletes experiencing hip, groin, and low back pain often exhibit similar clinical characteristics. Individuals with hip, groin and low back pain may have the presence of multiple concurrent pathoanatomical diagnoses. Regardless, similar regional characteristics and dysfunction may contribute to the patient's chief complaint, potentially creating a sub-group of individuals that may be defined by lumbopelvic and hip mobility limitations, motor control impairments, and other shared clinical findings...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150270/m-biceps-femoris-a-wolf-in-sheep-s-clothing-the-downside-of-a-lower-limb-injury-prevention-training
#4
Thomas Ertelt, Thomas Gronwald
Both, hamstring and ACL injuries are among the most typical injuries, particularly in change of direction and high speed running sports. They're also difficult to treat. Therefore, in the past few years, sports medicine practitioners and exercise scientists have mainly been focusing on the development and implementation of preventive programs in order to reduce the number of lower limb injuries, mainly by improving knee alignment. A number of studies have been able to prove the success of these training interventions, which are mainly addressing sensorimotor abilities and plyometric activities...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021908/effectiveness-of-a-standardised-exercise-programme-for-recurrent-neck-and-low-back-pain-a-multicentre-randomised-two-arm-parallel-group-trial-across-34-fitness-clubs-in-finland
#5
Jaana H Suni, Marjo Rinne, Kari Tokola, Ari Mänttäri, Tommi Vasankari
BACKGROUND: Neck and low back pain (LBP) are common in office workers. Exercise trials to reduce neck and LBP conducted in sport sector are lacking. We investigated the effectiveness of the standardised Fustra20Neck&Back exercise program for reducing pain and increasing fitness in office workers with recurrent non-specific neck and/or LBP. METHOD: Volunteers were recruited through newspaper and Facebook. The design is a multi-centre randomised, two-arm, parallel group trial across 34 fitness clubs in Finland...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915771/low-back-pain-with-impact-at-17-years-of-age-is-predicted-by-early-adolescent-risk-factors-from-multiple-domains-analysis-of-the-western-australian-pregnancy-cohort-raine-study
#6
Anne Smith, Darren Beales, Peter O'Sullivan, Natasha Bear, Leon Straker
Study Design Prospective cohort study of the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study. Background Low back pain (LBP) commonly develops in adolescence and is a significant risk factor for adult LBP. A broad range of factors have been associated with the development of adolescent LBP, but prior literature has limitations related to characterization of LBP and the scope of risk factors considered. Objective This study aimed to identify potential factors contributing to the development of LBP, with and without impact, at 17 years of age, utilizing a broad range of exposures at 14 years of age...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874980/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-low-back-pain-in-1-355-young-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Sudhir Ganesan, Anita Shankar Acharya, Ravi Chauhan, Shankar Acharya
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence and various risk factors for low back pain (LBP) in young adults in India. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: LBP is an emerging problem in adolescents, with an incidence that is the highest in the third decade of life worldwide. Various risk factors such as obesity, smoking, family history, stress, and exercise have been described in the literature. This study was conducted because of paucity of data in the Indian literature...
August 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686644/physical-activity-and-the-mediating-effect-of-fear-depression-anxiety-and-catastrophizing-on-pain-related-disability-in-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#8
Paul W M Marshall, Siobhan Schabrun, Michael F Knox
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain is a worldwide burden that is not being abated with our current knowledge and treatment of the condition. The fear-avoidance model is used to explain the relationship between pain and disability in patients with chronic low back pain. However there are gaps in empirical support for pathways proposed within this model, and no evidence exists as to whether physical activity moderates these pathways. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 218 people with chronic low back pain...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569522/exercise-motivation-and-nonspecific-back-pain-a-comparison-of-patients-and-nonpatients
#9
Jens Kleinert, Ida Ott, Tobias Mierswa, Claudia G Levenig, Kerstin Wenge, Monika Hasenbring, Michael Kellmann
OBJECTIVE: Motivation is a key variable to consider during exercise or exercise therapy of individuals with back pain. Based on organismic integration theory, this study aims to improve the understanding of exercise motivation in patients and nonpatients by evaluating the relationships between typical motivational profiles and personal characteristics, therapy parameters and pain related variables. METHOD: One hundred nine women and 145 men with back pain (mean age 33...
August 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504068/psychometric-properties-of-the-deep-muscle-contraction-scale-for-assessment-of-the-drawing-in-maneuver-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain
#10
Crystian B Oliveira, Ruben F Negrão Filho, Márcia R Franco, Priscila K Morelhão, Amanda C Araujo, Rafael Z Pinto
Study Design A prospective cohort study. Background Motor control dysfunctions have been commonly reported in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain (LBP). Physical therapists need clinical tools with adequate psychometric properties to assess such patients in clinical practice. The deep muscle contraction (DMC) scale is a clinical rating scale for assessing patients' ability to voluntarily contract deep abdominal muscles. Objectives To investigate the intrarater reliability, floor and ceiling effects, internal and external responsiveness, and correlation analysis (with ultrasound measures) of the DMC scale in patients with chronic nonspecific LBP undergoing a lumbar stabilization exercise program...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207665/healthy-physical-activity-levels-below-recommended-thresholds-two-years-after-lumbar-spine-surgery
#11
Carol A Mancuso, Roland Duculan, Federico P Girardi
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective analysis. OBJECTIVE: To quantify physical activity after lumbar surgery and identify spine-related variables associated with not meeting recommended activity thresholds. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: National guidelines recommend ≥150 minutes/week of moderate-intensity activity; however, only 52% of the general population meets this threshold. For patients not participating in exercise/sports, ≥1400 kcal/week of energy expenditure, including from walking, is another threshold...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144161/influence-of-bmi-gender-and-sports-on-pain-decrease-and-medication-usage-after-facet-medial-branch-neurotomy-or-si-joint-lateral-branch-cooled-rf-neurotomy-in-case-of-low-back-pain-original-research-in-the-austrian-population
#12
Wolfgang Stelzer, Valentin Stelzer, Dominik Stelzer, Monika Braune, Christine Duller
PURPOSE: This retrospective original research was designed to illustrate the general outcome after radiofrequency (RF) neurotomy of lumbar medial branch (MB) and posterior ramus of the sacroiliac joint of 160 patients with chronic low back pain (LBP) 1, 6, and 12 months after treatment. METHODS: Visual Analog Scale (VAS) 0-10 pain scores, quality of life, body mass index (BMI), medication usage, and frequency of physical exercise/sports participation (none, 1-3×/week, more) were collected before the procedure, at 1 month post procedure (n=160), and again at 6 (n=73) and 12 months (n=89) post procedure...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017944/-the-effects-of-exercise-and-sports-activities-on-bone-and-joint-morbidities
#13
Shinichi Yoshiya
Exercise and sports activities can afford mechanical stimuli to the bone and joint tissues which are required to maintain the tissue properties. Moreover, physical exercise is an important part of the management of bone and joint morbidities such as osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, and low back pain. On the other hand, excessive mechanical load involved in exercise and sports activities can be harmful potentially causing overuse injuries of the musculoskeletal tissues. Especially, safety margin for the amount of acceptable mechanical stress is narrow in the elderly due to preexisting musculoskeletal problems...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676870/aerobic-metabolism-response-in-paraspinal-muscles-of-chronic-low-back-pain-patients-and-judo-athletes-during-an-isokinetic-trunk-extension-exercise
#14
Agathe Anthierens, Nicolas Olivier, Patrick Mucci, André Thevenon
OBJECTIVE: Low back pain is a pathology associated to a trunk extensors muscles weakness. Studies suggested that it could be associated with an inadequacy between oxygen demand and oxygen utilization by paraspinal muscles (Kell and Bhambhani, 2006). In contrast to chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients, judo athletes are characterized by a great trunk extensors muscles endurance, due to their intensive solicitation within sport practice. Our purpose was to compare aerobic metabolism in those muscles of CLBP patients with judo athletes...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676856/an-injury-prevention-program-is-able-to-reduce-the-number-of-injury-complaints-at-medium-term-in-athletics
#15
Pascal Edouard, Emmanuelle Cugy, Romain Dolin, Nicolas Morel, Kathrin Steffen
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of injuries in athletics is important, with consequences at short and long terms in sport, health, social and professional levels. It is therefore important to define strategies to reduce the incidence and severity of injuries in athletics. The objective of this study was to determine whether an injury prevention program (IPP) can reduce the occurrence and/or severity of injuries related to the practice of athletics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The IPP has been developed, based on current scientific knowledge, targeting exercises on the most common injuries in athletics (hamstring muscle injury, Achilles and patellar tendinopathy, low back pain, ankle sprain) and selecting exercises known to treat and/or prevent these injuries (care stability, hamstrings and leg eccentric muscle strengthening, pelvis balance and stabilizing work)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660545/office-exercise-training-to-reduce-and-prevent-the-occurrence-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-office-workers-a-hypothesis
#16
Ardalan Shariat, Shamsul Bahri Mohd Tamrin, Manohar Arumugam, Mahmoud Danaee, Rajesh Ramasamy
Pain in specific areas of the body (including the lower back, neck, and shoulders) due to extended periods of sitting and inactivity is the most widespread musculoskeletal disorder worldwide and has consequences that are both socio-economic and personal. This condition is particularly prevalent in industrialised countries, affecting roughly 70% to 80% of adults at some point in their lives; approximately 1% of the U.S. population is chronically disabled by this type of pain disorder. A practical way to reduce the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among office workers would have a significant positive impact...
July 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651819/management-of-sport-injuries-with-korean-medicine-a-survey-of-korean-national-volleyball-team
#17
Changsop Yang, Eunyoung Lee, Eui-Hyoung Hwang, Ojin Kwon, Jun-Hwan Lee
The purpose of this study was to report the current state of Korean medicine (KM) treatment on sports injury by implementing survey with volleyball team medical doctors participating in 2013-2014 season. Six KM doctors completed a questionnaire that includes injury parameters: type, location, situation, and pain scores. We collected 166 injury cases from 94 Korean male and female national volleyball players. Knee (25.9%), low back (13.3%), elbow, and ankle (8.4%) injuries were most common. Joint (41.6%) and muscle (30...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634093/kinesio-taping-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Nicole L Nelson
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a prevalent issue that engenders enormous social and economic burdens. Recently, kinesio taping (KT) has become of interest in the management of chronic pain. Accordingly, this is the first systematic review to explicitly report the effects of KT on CLBP. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to summarize the results of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the effects of KT on CLBP. METHODS: A search was performed on the electronic databases PubMed, MEDLINE, SPORT Discus and Science Direct, up to June 17, 2015, using the following keywords: Kinesiology taping, kinesio taping, chronic low back pain...
July 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475953/core-stability-in-athletes-a-critical-analysis-of-current-guidelines
#19
Klaus Wirth, Hagen Hartmann, Christoph Mickel, Elena Szilvas, Michael Keiner, Andre Sander
Over the last two decades, exercise of the core muscles has gained major interest in professional sports. Research has focused on injury prevention and increasing athletic performance. We analyzed the guidelines for so-called functional strength training for back pain prevention and found that programs were similar to those for back pain rehabilitation; even the arguments were identical. Surprisingly, most exercise specifications have neither been tested for their effectiveness nor compared with the load specifications normally used for strength training...
March 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27234265/lumbar-spondylolysis-in-the-adolescent-athlete
#20
REVIEW
Kevin J Lawrence, Tim Elser, Ryan Stromberg
INTRODUCTION: Spondylolysis is a common occurrence for adolescent athletes who have low back pain. The injury involves a defect in the pars interarticularis, occurring as a result of repeated hyperextension and rotation. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: Clinical findings might include tightness of the hip flexors and hamstrings, weakness of the abdominals and gluteals, and an excessive lordotic posture. The validity of several clinical tests were compared alongside magnetic resonance imaging, but were not able to distinguish spondylolysis from other causes of low back pain...
July 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
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