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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207665/healthy-physical-activity-levels-below-recommended-thresholds-two-years-after-lumbar-spine-surgery
#1
Carol A Mancuso, Roland Duculan, Federico P Girardi
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective analysis. OBJECTIVE: To quantify physical activity after lumbar surgery and identify spine-related variables associated with not meeting recommended activity thresholds. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: National guidelines recommend ≥150 minutes/week of moderate-intensity activity; however, only 52% of the general population meets this threshold. For patients not participating in exercise/sports, ≥1400 kcal/week of energy expenditure, including from walking, is another threshold...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144161/influence-of-bmi-gender-and-sports-on-pain-decrease-and-medication-usage-after-facet-medial-branch-neurotomy-or-si-joint-lateral-branch-cooled-rf-neurotomy-in-case-of-low-back-pain-original-research-in-the-austrian-population
#2
Wolfgang Stelzer, Valentin Stelzer, Dominik Stelzer, Monika Braune, Christine Duller
PURPOSE: This retrospective original research was designed to illustrate the general outcome after radiofrequency (RF) neurotomy of lumbar medial branch (MB) and posterior ramus of the sacroiliac joint of 160 patients with chronic low back pain (LBP) 1, 6, and 12 months after treatment. METHODS: Visual Analog Scale (VAS) 0-10 pain scores, quality of life, body mass index (BMI), medication usage, and frequency of physical exercise/sports participation (none, 1-3×/week, more) were collected before the procedure, at 1 month post procedure (n=160), and again at 6 (n=73) and 12 months (n=89) post procedure...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017944/-the-effects-of-exercise-and-sports-activities-on-bone-and-joint-morbidities
#3
Shinichi Yoshiya
Exercise and sports activities can afford mechanical stimuli to the bone and joint tissues which are required to maintain the tissue properties. Moreover, physical exercise is an important part of the management of bone and joint morbidities such as osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, and low back pain. On the other hand, excessive mechanical load involved in exercise and sports activities can be harmful potentially causing overuse injuries of the musculoskeletal tissues. Especially, safety margin for the amount of acceptable mechanical stress is narrow in the elderly due to preexisting musculoskeletal problems...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676870/aerobic-metabolism-response-in-paraspinal-muscles-of-chronic-low-back-pain-patients-and-judo-athletes-during-an-isokinetic-trunk-extension-exercise
#4
Agathe Anthierens, Nicolas Olivier, Patrick Mucci, André Thevenon
OBJECTIVE: Low back pain is a pathology associated to a trunk extensors muscles weakness. Studies suggested that it could be associated with an inadequacy between oxygen demand and oxygen utilization by paraspinal muscles (Kell and Bhambhani, 2006). In contrast to chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients, judo athletes are characterized by a great trunk extensors muscles endurance, due to their intensive solicitation within sport practice. Our purpose was to compare aerobic metabolism in those muscles of CLBP patients with judo athletes...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676856/an-injury-prevention-program-is-able-to-reduce-the-number-of-injury-complaints-at-medium-term-in-athletics
#5
Pascal Edouard, Emmanuelle Cugy, Romain Dolin, Nicolas Morel, Kathrin Steffen
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of injuries in athletics is important, with consequences at short and long terms in sport, health, social and professional levels. It is therefore important to define strategies to reduce the incidence and severity of injuries in athletics. The objective of this study was to determine whether an injury prevention program (IPP) can reduce the occurrence and/or severity of injuries related to the practice of athletics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The IPP has been developed, based on current scientific knowledge, targeting exercises on the most common injuries in athletics (hamstring muscle injury, Achilles and patellar tendinopathy, low back pain, ankle sprain) and selecting exercises known to treat and/or prevent these injuries (care stability, hamstrings and leg eccentric muscle strengthening, pelvis balance and stabilizing work)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660545/office-exercise-training-to-reduce-and-prevent-the-occurrence-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-office-workers-a-hypothesis
#6
Ardalan Shariat, Shamsul Bahri Mohd Tamrin, Manohar Arumugam, Mahmoud Danaee, Rajesh Ramasamy
Pain in specific areas of the body (including the lower back, neck, and shoulders) due to extended periods of sitting and inactivity is the most widespread musculoskeletal disorder worldwide and has consequences that are both socio-economic and personal. This condition is particularly prevalent in industrialised countries, affecting roughly 70% to 80% of adults at some point in their lives; approximately 1% of the U.S. population is chronically disabled by this type of pain disorder. A practical way to reduce the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among office workers would have a significant positive impact...
July 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651819/management-of-sport-injuries-with-korean-medicine-a-survey-of-korean-national-volleyball-team
#7
Changsop Yang, Eunyoung Lee, Eui-Hyoung Hwang, Ojin Kwon, Jun-Hwan Lee
The purpose of this study was to report the current state of Korean medicine (KM) treatment on sports injury by implementing survey with volleyball team medical doctors participating in 2013-2014 season. Six KM doctors completed a questionnaire that includes injury parameters: type, location, situation, and pain scores. We collected 166 injury cases from 94 Korean male and female national volleyball players. Knee (25.9%), low back (13.3%), elbow, and ankle (8.4%) injuries were most common. Joint (41.6%) and muscle (30...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634093/kinesio-taping-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#8
Nicole L Nelson
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a prevalent issue that engenders enormous social and economic burdens. Recently, kinesio taping (KT) has become of interest in the management of chronic pain. Accordingly, this is the first systematic review to explicitly report the effects of KT on CLBP. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to summarize the results of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the effects of KT on CLBP. METHODS: A search was performed on the electronic databases PubMed, MEDLINE, SPORT Discus and Science Direct, up to June 17, 2015, using the following keywords: Kinesiology taping, kinesio taping, chronic low back pain...
July 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475953/core-stability-in-athletes-a-critical-analysis-of-current-guidelines
#9
Klaus Wirth, Hagen Hartmann, Christoph Mickel, Elena Szilvas, Michael Keiner, Andre Sander
Over the last two decades, exercise of the core muscles has gained major interest in professional sports. Research has focused on injury prevention and increasing athletic performance. We analyzed the guidelines for so-called functional strength training for back pain prevention and found that programs were similar to those for back pain rehabilitation; even the arguments were identical. Surprisingly, most exercise specifications have neither been tested for their effectiveness nor compared with the load specifications normally used for strength training...
July 30, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27234265/lumbar-spondylolysis-in-the-adolescent-athlete
#10
Kevin J Lawrence, Tim Elser, Ryan Stromberg
INTRODUCTION: Spondylolysis is a common occurrence for adolescent athletes who have low back pain. The injury involves a defect in the pars interarticularis, occurring as a result of repeated hyperextension and rotation. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: Clinical findings might include tightness of the hip flexors and hamstrings, weakness of the abdominals and gluteals, and an excessive lordotic posture. The validity of several clinical tests were compared alongside magnetic resonance imaging, but were not able to distinguish spondylolysis from other causes of low back pain...
July 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27170524/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-the-mckenzie-method-to-motor-control-exercises-in-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain-and-a-directional-preference
#11
Mark H Halliday, Evangelos Pappas, Mark J Hancock, Helen A Clare, Rafael Z Pinto, Gavin Robertson, Paulo H Ferreira
Study Design Randomized clinical trial. Background Motor control exercises are believed to improve coordination of the trunk muscles. It is unclear whether increases in trunk muscle thickness can be facilitated by approaches such as the McKenzie method. Furthermore, it is unclear which approach may have superior clinical outcomes. Objectives The primary aim was to compare the effects of the McKenzie method and motor control exercises on trunk muscle recruitment in people with chronic low back pain classified with a directional preference...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049600/lumbar-thrust-manipulation-and-exercise-for-the-treatment-of-mechanical-low-back-pain-in-adolescents-a-case-series
#12
Zachary Walston, Dale Yake
Study Design Case series. Background Low back pain (LBP) is an increasing problem in health care. The evidence for the use of spinal manipulative therapy to treat pediatric patients with LBP is minimal. The treatment of pediatrics with manual therapy, particularly spinal manipulation, is controversial within the medical community, primarily with respect to adverse events. The purpose of this case series was to illustrate the feasibility and safety of lumbar manipulation plus exercise in the adolescent population with mechanical LBP...
May 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27032528/2015-jospt-awards-back-pain-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-are-a-continued-focus-of-research-and-clinical-attention-in-physical-therapy
#13
EDITORIAL
Guy G Simoneau
During the American Physical Therapy Association's Combined Sections Meeting in Anaheim, California in February 2016, JOSPT recognized the authors of the most outstanding research and clinical practice manuscripts published in JOSPT during the 2015 calendar year. The 2015 JOSPT Excellence in Research Award was presented to Björn Aasa, Lars Berglund, Peter Michaelson, and Ulrika Aasa for their paper titled "Individualized Low-Load Motor Control Exercises and Education Versus a High-Load Lifting Exercise and Education to Improve Activity, Pain Intensity, and Physical Performance in Patients With Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial...
April 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26954273/a-prescriptively-selected-nonthrust-manipulation-versus-a-therapist-selected-nonthrust-manipulation-for-treatment-of-individuals-with-low-back-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Megan Donaldson, Shannon Petersen, Chad Cook, Ken Learman
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. BACKGROUND: Several studies that have investigated the effects of a therapist-selected versus a randomly assigned segmental approach have looked at immediate effects only for pain-related outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To examine differences in outcomes following a therapist-selected nonthrust manipulation versus a prescriptively selected nonthrust manipulation in subjects with low back pain. METHODS: Subjects with mechanically producible low back pain were randomly treated with nonthrust manipulation in a therapist-selected approach or a prescriptively selected approach...
April 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26954268/postural-cueing-to-increase-lumbar-lordosis-increases-lumbar-multifidus-activation-during-trunk-stabilization-exercises-electromyographic-assessment-using-intramuscular-electrodes
#15
George J Beneck, John W Story, Shelby Donald
STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study, repeated-measures design. BACKGROUND: Diminished multifidus activation and cross-sectional area are frequent findings in persons with low back pain. Increasing lumbar lordosis has been shown to increase activation of the multifidus with a minimal increase in activation of the long global extensors during unsupported sitting. OBJECTIVES: To examine the influence of postural cueing to increase lumbar lordosis on lumbar extensor activation during trunk stabilization exercises...
April 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928736/mechanical-lumbar-traction-what-is-its-place-in-clinical-practice
#16
(no author information available yet)
Summary evidence concludes that mechanical lumbar traction is not effective for treating acute or chronic nonspecific low back pain (LBP). However, many physical therapists continue to use it, primarily as an additional modality. Indeed, expert clinical opinion, theoretical models, and some research evidence suggest that certain patients with LBP respond positively to traction. A study published in the March 2016 issue of JOSPT investigates the effectiveness of traction in prone as an adjunct to an extension-oriented exercise program in patients with LBP and leg pain and explores whether a previously identified set of patient characteristics is associated with better outcomes from traction...
March 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26844095/the-use-of-periodization-in-exercise-prescriptions-for-inactive-adults-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Kelley Strohacker, Daniel Fazzino, Whitney L Breslin, Xiaomeng Xu
BACKGROUND: Periodization of exercise is a method typically used in sports training, but the impact of periodized exercise on health outcomes in untrained adults is unclear. PURPOSE: This review aims to summarize existing research wherein aerobic or resistance exercise was prescribed to inactive adults using a recognized periodization method. METHODS: A search of relevant databases, conducted between January and February of 2014, yielded 21 studies published between 2000 and 2013 that assessed the impact of periodized exercise on health outcomes in untrained participants...
2015: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26816414/a-posterior-ring-apophyseal-fracture-and-disc-herniation-in-a-21-year-old-competitive-basketball-player-a-case-report
#18
Trevor Deleo, Samuel Merotto, Colyn Smith, Kevin D'Angelo
OBJECTIVE: To describe the diagnosis and management of a competitive male basketball player with discogenic low back pain and presence of an old posterior ring apophyseal fracture (PRAF). This case will highlight the importance of early recognition and considerations regarding patient management for this differential of radiating low back pain. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 21-year-old provincial basketball player presented with recurrent radiating low back pain into the left groin and lower limb...
December 2015: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26813757/the-influence-of-centralization-and-directional-preference-on-spinal-control-in-patients-with-nonspecific-low-back-pain
#19
Adri T Apeldoorn, Hans van Helvoirt, Hanneke Meihuizen, Henk Tempelman, David Vandeput, Dirk L Knol, Steven J Kamper, Raymond W Ostelo
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort, test-retest design. BACKGROUND: Directional preference (DP) with centralization (CEN) and DP without CEN are common pain-pattern responses assessed by Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT). Although there is evidence that MDT can reduce pain and disability in the short term by treating the patient with direction-specific exercises concordant with the patient's DP, the mechanism responsible for this is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether clinical signs of impaired spinal control improve immediately after eliciting a DP-with-CEN response or a DP-without-CEN response in patients with nonspecific low back pain...
April 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26813755/the-effectiveness-of-mechanical-traction-among-subgroups-of-patients-with-low-back-pain-and-leg-pain-a-randomized-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Anne Thackeray, Julie M Fritz, John D Childs, Gerard P Brennan
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. Background The recommended initial management strategy for patients with low back pain and signs of nerve root compression is conservative treatment, but there is little evidence to guide the most appropriate management strategy. Preliminary research suggests that a treatment protocol of mechanical traction and extension-oriented exercises may be effective, particularly in a specific subgroup of patients. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of mechanical traction in patients with lumbar nerve root compression and within a predefined subgroup...
March 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
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