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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349351/the-relationship-between-subjective-oral-health-and-dental-fear-in-korean-adolescents
#1
Young-Soon Won, Youn-Soo Shim, So-Youn An
Background: This study is aimed to evaluate the level of fear and to reduce the overall fear, thereby enabling patients to receive treatment via timely visits. Methods: In a survey conducted by 460 South Korean middle school students, we used 453 data that faithfully responded to the survey. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to investigate the factors influencing subjective oral health and dental fear. The significance level used for statistical significance was α = 0...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341442/motivating-influences-and-ability-based-outcomes-of-dental-hygiene-baccalaureate-education-in-canada
#2
Z Kanji, D M Laronde
BACKGROUND: There is a scarcity of studies on Canadian baccalaureate dental hygienists. As discussions about baccalaureate education for dental hygiene continue on a national level, examining outcomes of earning a dental hygiene degree is paramount. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the motivating reasons and ability-based outcomes of earning a Bachelor of Dental Science in Dental Hygiene (BDSc) degree from the University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada. METHODS: UBC dental hygiene entry-to-practice (ETP) and degree-completion (DC) graduates (n = 116; 32%) from 1994 to 2016 participated in an online mixed-methods survey...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328868/oral-sciences-phd-program-enrollment-graduates-and-placement-1994-to-2016
#3
C R Herzog, D W Berzins, P DenBesten, R L Gregory, K M Hargreaves, R L W Messer, M Mina, M P Mooney, M L Paine, C Phillips, R B Presland, R G Quivey, F A Scannapieco, J F Sheridan, K K H Svoboda, P C Trackman, M P Walker, S G Walker, C Y Wang, J C C Hu
For decades, dental schools in the United States have endured a significant faculty shortage. Studies have determined that the top 2 sources of dental faculty are advanced education programs and private practice. Those who have completed both DDS and PhD training are considered prime candidates for dental faculty positions. However, there is no national database to track those trainees and no evidence to indicate that they entered academia upon graduation. The objective of this study was to assess outcomes of dental school-affiliated oral sciences PhD program enrollment, graduates, and placement between 1994 and 2016...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327269/unfair-treatment-and-periodontitis-among-adults-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#4
Tracy L Finlayson, Hector Lemus, Karen Becerra, Linda M Kaste, Shirley M Beaver, Christian R Salazar, Richard H Singer, Marston E Youngblood
This study investigates how perceived unfair treatment, towards self and observed towards others due to ethnicity, is associated with periodontitis among diverse Hispanic/Latino adults, accounting for sociodemographic, health behavior, and acculturation factors. Baseline (2008-2011) dental and survey data from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL), a multicenter epidemiologic study, were analyzed (N = 12,750). Crude and adjusted prevalence ratios and confidence limits were estimated...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324218/hours-lost-to-planned-and-unplanned-dental-visits-among-us-adults
#5
Uma Kelekar, Shillpa Naavaal
INTRODUCTION: Poor oral health is associated with lost hours at work or school, which may affect a person's productivity. The objective of our study was to estimate work or school hours lost to dental visits among adults aged 18 and older by the types of visits (emergency or unplanned; routine, planned, or orthodontic; or cosmetic) and to determine the factors associated with hours lost. METHODS: We used the most recent Oral Health Supplement data, from the 2008 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), to estimate the total hours lost at work or school for dental visits among adults in the United States...
January 11, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297562/are-maternal-factors-predictors-for-early-childhood-caries-results-from-a-cohort-in-southern-brazil
#6
Gabriela Dos Santos Pinto, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Marília Leão Goettems, Marcos Britto Correa, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco
This study aimed to determine the influence of maternal factors on the early development of dental caries in Brazilian preschoolers. This cross-sectional study was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers. The current wave was performed when the children were aged 24 to 42 months. The questionnaire-based survey targeted adolescent mothers and included demographic and socioeconomic variables as well as the maternal education level. In addition, clinical examinations were performed on the mothers and their children...
May 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288521/indigenous-cultural-competence-a-dental-faculty-curriculum-review
#7
C Forsyth, M Irving, M Tennant, S Short, J Gilroy
BACKGROUND: Indigenous Australians have more than double the rate of poor oral health than their non-Indigenous counterparts. Cultural competence of dental and oral health practitioners is fundamental to health care and quality of life in addressing health disparities in minority cultural groups in Australia. Higher education curricula reviews have identified the need for institutions to incorporate Indigenous culture and knowledge more widely into the curricula to improve educational outcomes for Indigenous Australians and to increase cultural competence for all students...
December 30, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285472/screening-projects-for-oral-carcinoma-in-relation-to-health-education-and-patients-compliance-study-on-600-participants
#8
Stefania Leuci, Massimo Amato, Elena Calabria, Gianrico Spagnuolo, Michele Masucci, Michele Mignogna Davide
Aims and Objectives: The lack of information among the population regarding the existence of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and the lack of attention and expertise in examining the oral cavity of dentists and clinicians still remain very worrying and could explain the high incidence of OSCC. The aim of this study is to evaluate the level of awareness of OSCC among 600 participants from Southern Italy. Materials and Methods: A 13-question survey was prepared and distributed to 600 participants divided into two subgroups, the first one of 300 patients referring to the Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive, and Odontostomatological Sciences, University Federico II of Naples, for the treatment of dental pathologies, and the second one of 300 patients referring to the Department of Internal Medicine of the Second University of Naples for the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284955/knowledge-and-attitude-of-dental-surgeons-about-ocular-complications-due-to-dental-infection
#9
Prahalad Hunsigi, Vinod Kumar, M R Pradeep, B C Arun Kumar
Background: Ocular complications such as ophthalmia, defective vision, orbital cellulitis, and blindness (temporary or permanent) are rare complications due to dental infection. Currently, there is lack of guidelines in preventing and managing ocular problems. Hence, we assessed the dentist's knowledge and attitudes about ocular complications due to dental infection. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional prospective survey selecting practicing dentists or academicians was carried out through e-mail using a standardized self-administered questionnaire...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284932/partial-edentulousness-in-a-rural-population-based-on-kennedy-s-classification-epidemiological-study
#10
P Manimaran, C Dhinesh Kumar, D Saisadan, M Abirami, Nanda Kumar, Jeevitha Mani
Introduction: Edentulousness falls in a special category among the various conditions of dental origin. A simple estimation of the partial edentulous condition is a rough indication of the prevalence of dental diseases and success or failure of dental care. Methodology: In this study a cross sectional survey was carried out among 1000 patients of rural population in JKK Nataraja Dental College, Komarapalayam, Namakkal District, Tamilnadu, India. The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiological features of partial edentulous condition in the age group of 30-60 years in a rural Population based on the Kennedy classification...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284491/dental-care-use-in-ontario-the-canadian-community-health-survey-cchs
#11
Safoura Zangiabadi, Christy Costanian, Hala Tamim
BACKGROUND: Oral health is a significant measure of overall health, and regular dental visits are recommended for the maintenance of oral health. The purpose of this study is to determine the pattern (amount and type) of, and factors associated with dental care use among Ontarians. METHODS: Data from the 2014 cycle of the Canadian Community Health Survey was used and analysis was restricted to individuals aged 12 and above residing in Ontario. Dental care use was defined by two distinct outcomes: not visiting a dentist within the past year and visiting a dentist only for emergencies...
December 29, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282167/pediatric-dental-resident-s-education-on-children-with-special-health-care-needs-in-the-united-states
#12
Suher Baker, Marc Thomas
PURPOSE: To describe pediatric dental residents education as it pertains to children with special healthcare needs (CSHCN). METHODS: A web-based survey was administered to 80 program directors of pediatric dental residencies recognized by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD). The survey identified demographic data and education and training methods pertaining to CSHCN. RESULTS: Forty surveys (50 percent) were received from programs in all six AAPD regions...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279681/awareness-of-basic-life-support-among-saudi-dental-students-and-interns
#13
Hashem Motahir Al-Shamiri, Sadeq Ali Al-Maweri, Bassam Shugaa-Addin, Nader Ahmed Alaizari, Abdulrahman Hunaish
Objective: Fatal medical emergencies may occur at any time in the dental clinic. The present study assessed the level of awareness and attitudes toward basic life support (BLS) among Saudi dental students and interns. Materials and Methods: A self-administered questionnaire comprising 23 closed-ended questions was used in this survey. The first part of the questionnaire assessed the demographical profile of the students such as age, gender, and educational level...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279673/impact-of-preventive-care-orientation-on-caries-status-among-preschool-children
#14
Hisham Yehia El Batawi, Kausar Sadia Fakhruddin
Objective: This study aims to study the impact of preventive care orientation given to caregivers of child daycare centers on their knowledge and on the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) among preschool children. Materials and Methods: Caregivers of twenty child daycare centers in Emirate of Sharjah were interviewed and 435 children attending these centers were surveyed for decayed missing filled teeth (dmft). The sample data were analyzed using t-tests and one-way ANOVA to assess the statistical significance of the differences in dmft score found between groups...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279282/parent-perceptions-of-dentists-role-in-hpv-vaccination
#15
Gabriela E Lazalde, Melissa B Gilkey, Melanie L Kornides, Annie-Laurie McRee
INTRODUCTION: Offering HPV vaccine in settings beyond the traditional medical home holds promise for increasing the currently low levels of coverage. As adolescents frequently visit dentists, dental practices may be one such alternative vaccination setting. This study assessed parent attitudes about the roles dental providers could play in HPV prevention, including vaccine provision. METHODS: In September 2016, we conducted an online survey using a national sample (n = 1209) of U...
December 23, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262417/antibiotic-and-analgesic-prescription-pattern-among-dentists-or-management-of-dental-pain-and-infection-during-endodontic-treatment
#16
Manal Maslamani, Faraj Sedeqi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine prescription patterns of antibiotic and analgesic among dentists in the management of dental pain and infection for medically-healthy patients undergoing endodontic management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional survey based on a structured questionnaire. The questionnaire collected data on age, gender, years of experience and the qualifications of dentists. Feedback on prescribing patterns for antibiotics and analgesics for a number of clinical scenarios was collected...
December 20, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246215/oral-cancer-screening-practices-of-oral-health-professionals-in-australia
#17
Rodrigo Mariño, Satoru Haresaku, Roisin McGrath, Denise Bailey, Michael Mccullough, Ross Musolino, Boaz Kim, Alagesan Chinnassamy, Michael Morgan
BACKGROUND: To evaluate oral cancer-related screening practices of Oral Health Professionals (OHPs - dentists, dental hygienists, dental therapists, and oral health therapists) practising in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: A 36-item survey was distributed to 3343 OHPs. Items included socio-demographic and work-related characteristics; self-assessed knowledge of oral cancer; perceived level of confidence in discussing oral health behaviors with patients; oral cancer screening practices; and self-evaluated need for additional training on screening procedures for oral cancer...
December 15, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243446/prevalence-of-dental-caries-among-schoolchildren-from-north-eastern-italian-population
#18
Andrea Dobbiani, Federico Berton, Giuseppe Perinetti, Fulvia Costantinides, Roberto DI Lenarda
OBJECTIVE: The longitudinal aspect of dental caries has not been previously reported for the Italian population. The primary object of the present study is to collect information of the prevalence of dental decay among the schoolchildren of primary school of Gradisca d'Isonzo (GO) and to analyse the tendency of caries among the students followed since the first year of school. METHODS: Subsequent examinations hold from 2011 to 2015 has been conducted by two calibrated examiners...
December 14, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239084/identification-of-influence-factors-for-the-implementation-of-communication-curricula-in-dental-education
#19
S Rüttermann, C Kiessling, R Haak, S Gerhardt-Szep, A Härtl
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to reveal possible obstacles or advantages for the implementation of a dental communication curriculum. It was questioned whether (i) universities with a communication curriculum in medicine realise the same development in dentistry, (ii) the existence and usage of a learning objectives catalogue is a main factor to facilitate the implementation, and (iii) it is more easy to establish with a lower number of students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data of two recently published surveys were taken as the basis for further analysis...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236521/korean-dentists-perceptions-and-attitudes-regarding-radiation-safety-and-protection
#20
Seo-Young An, Kyung-Min Lee, Jae-Seo Lee
OBJECTIVES: To investigate dentists' perceptions and attitudes regarding radiation safety in dental practices in Korea. METHODS: Two hundred seven dentists participated in this study. An anonymous survey was conducted regarding the following areas: years of practice, characteristics of the radiography equipment, knowledge of diagnostic reference levels, prescription of dental radiographs, use of radiation protection procedures, and participation in the radiation safety program...
December 13, 2017: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
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