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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100024/evaluation-of-cast-re-orientation-on-a-dental-surveyor-using-three-tripod-techniques-a-survey-and-in-vitro-study
#1
Mohammed E Sayed, Idris A Busaily, Rana J Nahari, Ruaa O Hakami, Sami M Maashi, Naveen R Ramireddy
PURPOSE: To survey different educational levels (i.e., students, interns, technicians, and prosthodontic faculty) with regard to their opinions, attitudes, and adoption of three selected tripod techniques. The study will also investigate the accuracy of these techniques to reposition casts on the dental surveyor in anterio-posterior (AP) and lateral directions at both technique and educational levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tripod points, scored lines, and cemented post tripod techniques were used in this study...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093086/do-children-s-previous-dental-experience-and-fear-affect-their-perceived-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-ohrqol
#2
Leena Merdad, Azza A El-Housseiny
BACKGROUND: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) has been used to describe the consequences of oral health conditions and treatments in children. A better understanding of OHRQoL and its relationship with dental fear and previous dental experience is necessary to improve children's oral health status. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of dental history and experience with dental fear and the OHRQoL of children aged 11 to 14 years. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a multi-stage stratified sample of 1,312 middle school children...
January 16, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091963/pilot-test-of-survey-to-assess-dental-and-dental-hygiene-student-human-papillomavirus-related-oropharyngeal-cancer-knowledge-perceptions-and-clinical-practices
#3
Holdunn Rutkoski, Brynn Fowler, Ryan Mooney, Lisa Pappas, Barbara L Dixon, Lilliam M Pinzon, James Winkler, Deanna Kepka
This was the first study to develop and pilot test an assessment tool for the examination of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) knowledge, perceptions, and clinical practices of oral health students. An interdisciplinary team developed the tool using surveys that examined this topic in other populations. The tool was then pilot tested at two different dental programs. Results from the pilot informed revisions to the final version of the tool. Of the 46 student participants, 18 were first-year dental hygiene and 28 were first-year dental students...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079917/did-you-know-medicare-does-not-usually-include-a-dental-benefit-findings-from-a-multisite-investigation-of-oral-health-literacy
#4
Mark D Macek, Kathryn A Atchison, William Wells, Don Haynes, Ruth M Parker, Haiyan Chen
OBJECTIVES: Medicare does not usually include a dental benefit. Adults who are unaware of this fact risk unanticipated expenses after retirement. This report will explore the sociodemographic and oral health literacy determinants of this knowledge. METHODS: Data came from the Multi-Site Oral Health Literacy Research Study, a survey of patients presenting to two university dental clinics. Sociodemographic descriptors included age, sex, race/ethnicity, education level, and dental insurance status...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068793/utilization-of-preventive-dental-services-before-and-after-health-insurance-covered-dental-scaling-in-korea
#5
Young-Eun Jang, Chun-Bae Kim, Nam-Hee Kim
Health insurance reduces the economic burden of diseases and enhances access to medical services. This study compared, among social classes, the utilization of preventive dental service before and after health insurance covered dental scaling. We analyzed time-series secondary data for 3  175  584 participants from 253 survey areas nationwide in the Community Health Survey (2009-2014) in Korea. The weighted proportion of participants who underwent dental scaling was defined as the scaling rate. Data regarding demographic and socioeconomic characteristics were collected...
January 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064379/investigating-social-inequalities-in-older-adults-dentition-and-the-role-of-dental-service-use-in-14-european-countries
#6
Jing Shen, Stefan Listl
BACKGROUND: Oral disease, despite being largely preventable, remains the most common chronic disease worldwide and has a significant negative impact on quality of life, particularly among older adults. OBJECTIVE: This study is the first to comprehensively and at a large scale (14 European countries) measure the social inequalities in the number of natural teeth (an informative oral health marker) in the over 50-year-old population and to investigate the extent to which such inequalities are attributable to dental service use...
January 7, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050508/factors-affecting-tooth-retention-among-adult-population-of-dharwad-district-india
#7
Salma H Mulla, Nurul Ameen Inamdar, K V V Prasad
INTRODUCTION: Oral health in relation to general health is influen-ced by the retention of teeth. Understanding factors affecting tooth retention will help health and social policy-makers to translate the knowledge on tooth retention into action programs for improving oral health of the people and hence enhance tooth retention. AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the factors affecting tooth retention among adult population of Dharwad district, India...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050318/changes-in-dental-care-access-upon-health-care-benefit-expansion-to-include-scaling
#8
Hee-Jung Park, Jun Hyup Lee, Sujin Park, Tae-Il Kim
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a policy change to expand Korean National Health Insurance (KNHI) benefit coverage to include scaling on access to dental care at the national level. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of 12,794 adults aged 20 to 64 years from Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (2010-2014) was analyzed. To examine the effect of the policy on the outcomes of interest (unmet dental care needs and preventive dental care utilization in the past year), an estimates-based probit model was used, incorporating marginal effects with a complex sampling structure...
December 2016: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049676/power-of-peers-students-perceptions-of-pairing-in-clinical-dental-education
#9
Denise A Mills, Christine L Hammer, Aseel Murad
Prior studies have identified many benefits of peer mentoring in higher education, but the subject has not been widely examined in dental clinical education. Students at Midwestern University College of Dental Medicine-Arizona are paired with a partner for the duration of the clinical phase of education. The initial vision behind pairing was to train students in a realistic four-handed, efficient general practice model. The aim of this study was to assess the students' perceptions of the peer mentoring component of pairing third- and fourth-year dental students in the clinical phase of their education...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049674/dental-students-knowledge-of-resources-for-lgbt-persons-findings-from-three-dental-schools
#10
Xiaoying Feng, Leda Mugayar, Edna Perez, Pamela R Nagasawa, David G Brown, Linda S Behar-Horenstein
Recently, there has been increased attention to including cultural diversity in the education of health professionals, including concern for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) inclusion and visibility. Studies regarding cultural exposure and acceptance of LGBT populations have been concentrated in medicine, with findings showing that medical providers often graduate having missed the preparation required to care for LGBT persons. A visible, comprehensive, culturally competent environment in dental schools would help ensure that all oral health professionals and students are aware of services available to address the particular needs of LGBT students...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045197/oral-health-improvements-in-switzerland-over-20-years
#11
Cornelia Schneider, Elisabeth Zemp, Nicola U Zitzmann
While the time trends in oral health are favourable, differences still persist in dental status and in prosthetic dental restorations (PDR) between population subgroups. This study aimed to identify changes in oral health in Switzerland over two decades and to describe their relationship to sociodemographic factors in 2012. Swiss Health Surveys were conducted in 1992, 2002, and 2012. The mean number of missing teeth and the prevalence of PDR were calculated at each time point. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess associations between the prevalence of PDR and sociodemographic factors...
January 3, 2017: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039675/hpv-related-knowledge-among-dentists-and-dental-hygienists
#12
Ellen M Daley, Erika L Thompson, Cheryl A Vamos, Stacey B Griner, Coralia Vazquez-Otero, Alicia L Best, Nolan S Kline, Laura K Merrell
Dental providers, such as dentists and dental hygienists, play an important role in HPV-related oropharyngeal cancer prevention. Dental professional organizations recommend dental providers educate patients about HPV and oral cancers. The objective of this study was to assess HPV knowledge among dental providers. Dentists (n = 36) and dental hygienists (n = 146) attending a professional conference completed a continuing education post-test survey, which included socio-demographics, an HPV knowledge scale, and measure of HPV discussion with patients ("no," "yes," and "yes, but only with some patients")...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032051/problem-based-learning-dental-student-s-perception-of-their-education-environments-at-qassim-university
#13
Shahad S Alkhuwaiter, Roqayah I Aljuailan, Saeed M Banabilh
AIMS: The objectives of this study were to assess perceptions of the Saudi dental students of the problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum and to compare their perceptions among different sex and academic years. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data was collected through a questionnaire-based survey at Qassim College of dentistry. The questionnaire consisted of 19 questions regarding the perception of PBL curriculum and was distributed to 240 students. The chi-square test was used for statistical analysis of the data...
November 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025830/the-hispanic-and-latino-dentist-workforce-in-the-united-states
#14
Elizabeth Mertz, Cynthia Wides, Jean Calvo, Paul Gates
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to describe the Hispanic/Latino (H/L) dentist workforce, their general practice patterns, and their contributions to oral health care for H/L and underserved patients. METHODS: A national sample survey of underrepresented minority dentists was conducted in 2012 and received a 35.4 percent response rate for self-reported H/L dentists. Data were weighted for selection and response bias to be nationally representative. A workforce profile of H/L dentists was created using descriptive and multivariable statistics and published data...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019061/students-perceptions-of-a-blended-learning-experience-in-dental-education
#15
S Varthis, O R Anderson
INTRODUCTION: "Flipped" instructional sequencing is a new instructional method where online instruction precedes the group meeting, allowing for more sophisticated learning through discussion and critical thinking during the in-person class session; a novel approach studied in this research. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to document dental students' perceptions of flipped-based blended learning and to apply a new method of displaying their perceptions based on Likert-scale data analysis using a network diagramming method known as an item correlation network diagram (ICND)...
December 25, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004378/evaluation-of-the-dental-curriculum-at-the-university-of-basel-does-the-master-of-dental-medicine-adequately-prepare-for-the-professional-practice
#16
Nicola U Zitzmann, Nadja Yoon-Büchel, Julia Bühler, Christian A Dettwiler, Roland Weiger
The present study reports the results of a structured survey of graduates intending to evaluate the education at the Dental School of the University of Basel in the years from 2006 to 2014. In addition, dentists and practice owners supervising graduates from Basel in daily clinical routine or hiring them as assistant dentists were questioned. The aims of the current survey were (1) to analyze own subjective experiences, (2) to assess potential differences between the cohorts prior to and after the implementation of the Bologna reform, (3) to compare the rating regarding theoretical knowledge and practical skills, and (4) to disclose potential for improvement...
2016: Swiss Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000645/assessment-of-satisfaction-levels-of-patients-during-dental-outreach-programs-in-rural-part-of-udaipur-india
#17
Nagesh Bhat, Arshdeep Singh, Kailash Asawa, Mridula Tak, Harkiran Kahlon, Ramandeep Singh Gambhir, Arpit A Viradiya
BACKGROUND: The community-based dental outreach programs play a very crucial role in declining discovery-delivery disconnect by introducing awareness through health education and dental adumbrating services to the community members. However, the success of any oral health programme depends largely on how it meets the needs and expectations of the target community. Therefore, the present study was designed for the assessment of patient satisfaction at various rural outreach dental camps conducted over a period of 2 months...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995227/education-status-of-oral-genetics-at-the-fourth-military-medical-university-and-other-chinese-dental-schools
#18
Yan Li Zhang, Chang Ning Wang, Zhi Peng Fan, Yang Jiao, Xiao Hong Duan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current state of genetics education at the Fourth Military Medical University (FMMU) and compare it with other dental schools of China. METHODS: Detailed information about the history and current education status of Oral Genetics in the FMMU were collected and questionnaires were completed to acquire the feedback of twenty-seven students on the course. In the other thirty-five dental schools including the capitals of twenty-five provinces and four municipalities in China, information about the oral genetic course were collected by a telephone survey...
2016: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995225/oral-health-status-and-oral-health-care-model-in-china
#19
Jian Liu, Shan Shan Zhang, Shu Guo Zheng, Tao Xu, Yan Si
OBJECTIVE: To review the current oral health status and oral health care models in China in an effort to provide recommendations for the future implementation of these models. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted. The Medline, EMBASE, CNKI and Wanfang databases were searched for English and Chinese articles reporting relevant data from 1949 to the present. Data from three national oral health epidemiology surveys, Chinese government reports and national statistics yearbooks from 2011 to 2015 were also included...
2016: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966789/the-black-dentist-workforce-in-the-united-states
#20
Elizabeth Mertz, Jean Calvo, Cynthia Wides, Paul Gates
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to describe the Black dentist workforce, the practice patterns of providers, and their contributions to oral health care for minority and underserved patients. METHODS: A national sample survey of underrepresented minority dentists was conducted in 2012 and received a 32.6 percent response rate for self-reported Black dentists. Data were weighted for selection and response bias to be nationally representative. Descriptive and multivariable statistics were computed to provide a workforce profile of Black dentists...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
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