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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910244/inequalities-in-oral-health-understanding-the-contributions-of-education-and-income
#1
Julie Farmer, Rebecca C Phillips, Sonica Singhal, Carlos Quiñonez
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the extent to which income and education explain gradients in oral health outcomes. METHODS: Using data from the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS 2003), binary logistic regression models were constructed to examine the relationship between income and education on self-reported oral health (SROH) and chewing difficulties (CD) while controlling for age, sex, ethnicity, employment status and dental insurance coverage. The relative index of inequality (RII) was utilized to quantify the extent to which income and education explain gradients in poor SROH and CD...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910242/how-does-the-social-get-under-the-gums-the-role-of-socio-economic-position-in-the-oral-systemic-health-link
#2
Noha Gomaa, Belinda Nicolau, Arjumand Siddiqi, Howard Tenenbaum, Michael Glogauer, Carlos Quiñonez
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the extent of association between systemic inflammation and periodontal disease in American adults, and to assess whether socio-economic position mediated this relationship. METHODS: We used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES IV) (2001-2010). Systemic inflammation was defined by individual and aggregate (cumulative inflammatory load) biomarkers (C-reactive protein, white blood cell counts, neutrophil counts, and neutrophil:lymphocyte ratio)...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895187/education-related-inequality-in-restorative-dental-treatment-need-over-11-years-in-two-areas-of-finland
#3
Eero Raittio, Miira M Vehkalahti, Sari Helminen, Anna L Suominen
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyse education-related inequality in restorative dental treatment need among adults aged 30 years and older living in Northern and Southern Finland in 2000 and 2011. METHODS: Data were taken from the Health 2000 and 2011 population-based follow-up surveys, including information gathered by interviews and clinical dental examination. Final effective sample sizes were 2423 people in 2000 and 1192 people in 2011. Restorative dental treatment need was measured with number of decayed and/or fractured teeth (DT + FrT)...
September 11, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894733/the-impact-of-maternal-self-efficacy-and-oral-health-beliefs-on-early-childhood-caries-in-latino-children
#4
Anne R Wilson, Matthew J Mulvahill, Tamanna Tiwari
OBJECTIVES: Latino children experience one of the highest rates of early childhood caries requiring interventions based on valid conceptual frameworks. The Health Belief Model has relevance as a predictor of compliance with health recommendations based on perceptions of a health condition and behaviors to avoid the condition. The model encompasses four perceptual constructs (susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers) and, for complex conditions, includes self-efficacy as an extended model...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893043/psychometric-utility-in-determining-dental-organizational-attribute-a-cross-sectional-study-in-ghaziabad-india
#5
Irfan Ali, Ashish Singla, Ritu Gupta, Basavaraj Patthi, Kuldeep Dhama, Lav Kumar Niraj, Monika Prasad, Jishnu Krishna Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Psychometrics is the field of research involved with the objective measurement of finesse and intelligence, skills, temperament, personality traits, and educational success and technique of psychological measurement. Oral healthcare along with patient satisfaction and quality of care are main factors responsible for organizational attribute. Patient safety is relatively emerging domain which will result in improving patient's conditions without causing harm to them. AIM: To assess the psychometric behaviours as well as organization attribute with the help of modified version of Survey of Organizational Attributes for Primary Care (SOAPC) instrument among the dental care practitioners in Ghaziabad city, Uttar Pradesh, India...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889345/knowledge-about-the-relation-between-tobacco-and-disease-and-the-attitude-toward-advising-the-cessation-of-its-consumption-among-a-group-of-spanish-dental-students
#6
Alejandro Ismael Lorenzo-Pouso, Mario Pérez-Sayáns, Daniel Pérez-López, Eva María Otero-Rey, Abel García-García, Andrés Blanco-Carrión
Tobacco is one of the leading causes of preventable death in the developed world. Smoking is associated with a large number of oral pathologies, such as cancer and periodontitis. Dental professionals can play a key role in preventing these health problems. The objectives of this study were (1) to analyze tobacco consumption habits among a group of Spanish dental students, and (2) to assess their knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes regarding procedures to help patients quit smoking. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at the Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry of Santiago de Compostela (Galicia, Spain)...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879310/education-that-allows-south-korean-colleges-of-dentistry-to-teach-emergency-care
#7
REVIEW
Jeongwan Kang
As the medical environment and dental services change, the importance of educating dentists in responses to systemic emergencies is increasing. The current student-oriented education paradigm is moving towards training students in the abilities required to address the daily crises they will face, while also providing them with the ability to deliver knowledge. Before addressing a patient's situation, emergency physicians begin by diagnosing symptoms. As they must decide on the tests and treatments that are immediately required and must solve problems through interdisciplinary treatment, emergency physicians require additional skills and communication abilities besides clinical knowledge...
December 2016: J Dent Anesth Pain Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864791/dental-and-medical-students-use-and-perceptions-of-learning-resources-in-a-human-physiology-course
#8
Monica Tain, Richard Schwartzstein, Bernard Friedland, Sang E Park
The aim of this study was to determine the use and perceived utility of various learning resources available during the first-year Integrated Human Physiology course at the dental and medical schools at Harvard University. Dental and medical students of the Class of 2018 were surveyed anonymously online in 2015 regarding their use of 29 learning resources in this combined course. The learning resources had been grouped into four categories to discern frequency of use and perceived usefulness among the categories...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864790/a-survey-of-dental-implant-instruction-in-predoctoral-dental-curricula-in-north-america
#9
Hidemichi Kihara, Jie Sun, Maiko Sakai, Shigemi Nagai, John Da Silva
The aim of this study was to investigate the extent and forms of predoctoral implant dentistry instruction in North American dental schools and to identify future directions and challenges. The survey collected data on curriculum content, departmental oversight, techniques, and materials, as well as current problems to be solved. The 30-question survey was sent in 2012 to the dean or administrator in charge of the predoctoral curriculum of all 73 dental schools in the U.S. and Canada at the time; four reminders were sent...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864788/oral-health-education-for-medical-students-malaysian-and-australian-students-perceptions-of-educational-experience-and-needs
#10
Mas S Ahmad, Menaka A Abuzar, Ishak A Razak, Sabariah A Rahman, Gelsomina L Borromeo
Education in oral health is important to prepare future medical professionals for collaborative roles in maintaining patients' oral health, an important component of general health and well-being. The aims of this study were to determine the perceptions of medical students in Malaysia and Australia of the quality of their training in oral health care and their perceptions of their professional role in maintaining the oral health of their patients. A survey was administered in the classroom with final-year Malaysian (n=527; response rate=79...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856809/dental-hygiene-education-in-germany-between-economics-and-emotions
#11
B Offermanns, G J Petersilka
OBJECTIVES: To date, there is still no IFDH approved dental hygienist (DH) education model in Germany. Nevertheless, opportunities to complete vocational DH education courses have substantially increased within the last two decades. However, the content and quality of these courses vary greatly and are difficult to survey. The purpose of this article therefore was to present an overview of the education programmes offered in Germany as of March 2017. METHODS: A formal request was sent to all education establishments for details of such courses, and a systematic internet search was performed covering the DH education topic in Germany...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843498/the-relationship-between-education-debt-and-career-choices-in-professional-programs-the-case-of-dentistry
#12
Kamyar Nasseh, Marko Vujicic
BACKGROUND: The authors examined the relationship between education debt and career choice, particularly dentists' decisions to specialize, participate in public health insurance programs, and join dental management service organizations (DMSOs). METHODS: The authors used data from the American Dental Association 2015 office database, which contains dentist demographic information and identifies dentists who participate in public health insurance programs for pediatric dental care services...
August 12, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816196/denture-hygiene-knowledge-and-practices-among-complete-denture-wearers-attending-a-postgraduate-dental-institute
#13
Thatapudi Shankar, Snigdha Gowd, Vinay Suresan, Sneha Mantri, Sudhanshu Saxena, Prateek Mishra, Pragya Panday
AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the denture hygiene knowledge and practices among patients using complete dentures attending a postgraduate dental hospital in Jabalpur city. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between hygiene knowledge and practices to the denture wearer's gender, education, and income. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire involving the complete denture patients attending the Department of Prosthodontics...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800670/-oral-health-and-pregnancy-patient-survey-using-a-questionnaire
#14
Tobias Odermatt, Andreas Schötzau, Irene Hoesli
Introduction and Hypothesis This study investigated how well pregnant patients were informed about the causes and effects of gingivitis during pregnancy. Factors such as age, level of education and nationality were taken into account. Data was collected for the overall oral hygiene of the patients and differences between outpatient and inpatient pregnancies were shown. Possible risk factors in terms of birth results were also defined. Methods With the use of a questionnaire, 83 patients (40 outpatients/43 inpatients) were asked about their oral hygiene, as well as their knowledge pertaining to the causes and effects of gingivitis...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791950/-equine-dentistry-survey-on-swiss-horse-owners
#15
E Schiesser, H Geyer, M Kummer, M Jackson
The interest in equine dentistry has significantly increased in the last 15 years. On the part of the veterinarians as well as of the horse owners there is a strong attention to the topic. The aim of the questionnaire was to investigate amongst horse owners what their level of information and preferences about dental treatment are and how they are implemented. The questionnaire was translated into the three national languages and included 20 questions about level and sources of information, frequency of treatments and the horse owner's stance over sedation of the animals...
August 2017: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771952/prevalence-and-determinants-of-frailty-and-associated-comorbidities-among-older-gurkha-welfare-pensioners-in-nepal
#16
Sirjana Devkota, Bruce Anderson, Roy L Soiza, Phyo K Myint
AIM: Population aging is increasing in low-income countries. Despite this, there is distinct lack of knowledge about the prevalence of comorbidities and determinants of frailty among older people in these countries. METHODS: We examined data from "Health and Social Care Needs Assessment Survey of the Gurkha Welfare Pensioners" carried out in 2014. Participants were aged ≥60 years from the Gorakha, Lamjung and Tanahu districts of Nepal. Face-to-face interviews were carried out using validated questionnaires...
August 2, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768459/association-between-socioeconomic-and-health-factors-and-edentulism-in-people-aged-65-and-older-a-population-based-survey
#17
Hanna Olofsson, Eva Lena Ulander, Yngve Gustafson, Carl Hörnsten
AIMS: To study edentulism and use of dental services in a population-based sample of people aged 65 years and older from northern Sweden and western Finland. METHODS: In 2010, people aged 65, 70, 75 and 80 years who were living in one of 32 municipalities in northern Sweden and western Finland were invited to answer a questionnaire as part of the Gerontological Regional Database (GERDA) study ( n = 6099). The questionnaire contained items related to socioeconomic status, general health and edentulism...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765463/dental-group-practice-and-the-need-for-dentists
#18
David S Gesko, Howard L Bailit
This study compared the number of patients treated per year by general dentists and dental hygienists in solo practice and by those employed by a large group practice. Information on the annual number of patient visits to solo general dental practitioners comes from the 2013 American Dental Association (ADA) Survey of Dental Practice. Patient visits were divided by 2.5 to estimate the number of patients treated annually. The data on group practices come from HealthPartners (HP) of Minnesota, a large not-for-profit medical and dental Health Maintenance Organization that accepts insurance contracts based on global budgets and is financially at risk...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765460/are-dental-schools-part-of-the-safety-net
#19
Howard L Bailit
This article examines the current safety net activities of dental schools and reviews strategies by which schools could care for more poor and low-income patients. The primary data come from the annual Survey of Dental Education, a joint American Dental Education Association (ADEA) and American Dental Association (ADA) activity. The analyses use descriptive statistics and are intended to give ballpark estimates of patients treated under varying clinical scenarios. Some 107.4 million people are underserved in comparison to utilization rates for middle-income Americans...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765456/trends-in-basic-sciences-education-in-dental-schools-1999-2016
#20
Marilyn S Lantz, Charles F Shuler
The purpose of this study was to examine data published over the past two decades to identify trends in the basic sciences curriculum in dental education, provide an analysis of those trends, and compare them with trends in the basic sciences curriculum in medical education. Data published from the American Dental Association (ADA) Surveys of Dental Education, American Dental Education Association (ADEA) Surveys of Dental School Seniors, and two additional surveys were examined. In large part, survey data collected focused on the structure, content, and instructional strategies used in dental education: what was taught and how...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
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