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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764414/patient-awareness-knowledge-towards-oral-cancer-a-cross-sectional-survey
#1
Neel Shimpi, Monica Jethwani, Aditi Bharatkumar, Po-Huang Chyou, Ingrid Glurich, Amit Acharya
BACKGROUND: Oral cancer (OC) is associated with multiple risk factors and high mortality rates and substantially contributes to the global cancer burden despite being highly preventable. This cross-sectional study sought to assess current knowledge, awareness, and behaviors of patients in rural communities surrounding OC risk. METHODS: An anonymous 21-question survey was distributed to patients in waiting rooms of a large integrated medical-dental health system serving north-central Wisconsin...
May 15, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750237/oral-health-of-youth-housed-in-socio-educational-centers-of-the-juvenile-penal-area-of-the-province-of-c%C3%A3-rdoba-argentina
#2
María M Barnetche, Lila S Cornejo
The purpose of this research was to analyze the oral health status of youth housed in socio-educational centers of the Juvenile Penal Area of the Province of Córdoba, Argentina of corrections by considering clinical evaluation and the main sociodemographic data. Socio-demographics, healthy and unhealthy habits of self-care, and dental clinical profile were assessed for this purpose. An exploratory cross-sectional study was carried out on 70 14- to 18-year-olds who had been institutionalized for at least six months...
December 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748906/human-papillomavirus-related-oral-cancer-knowledge-and-awareness-among-spanish-dental-students
#3
Alejandro Ismael Lorenzo-Pouso, Pilar Gándara-Vila, Cristina Banga, Mercedes Gallas, Mario Pérez-Sayáns, Abel García, Ellen M Daley, Iria Gasamáns
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections are responsible for a significant part of the global burden of cancer. Epidemiologic studies have shown increasing trends of HPV-related oral cancers worldwide. Dental professionals need comprehensive up-to-date HPV-related information to be able to provide correct advice to their patients. The aim of this paper is to describe knowledge and awareness levels of dental students from Spain on HPV infection, HPV vaccination, oral cancer prevention, and HPV-related oropharyngeal cancer...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747519/knowledge-of-health-conditions-associated-with-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-is-low-among-us-hispanic-adults
#4
Sohyun Park, Guadalupe X Ayala, Joseph R Sharkey, Heidi M Blanck
PURPOSE: To examine associations between knowledge of health conditions and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake among Hispanic adults. DESIGN: Quantitative, cross-sectional study. SETTING: The 2015 Estilos survey data. PARTICIPANTS: One thousand US Hispanic adults (≥18 years). MEASURES: The outcome variable was frequency of SSB intake (regular soda, fruit drink, sports/energy drink, and sweetened coffee/tea drink)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739846/childhood-obesity-dental-hygienists-beliefs-attitudes-and-barriers-to-patient-education
#5
Doreen Dawn M Cole, Linda D Boyd, Jared Vineyard, Lori J Giblin-Scanlon
Purpose: Increasing childhood obesity rates present a significant threat to public health. The purpose of this study was to explore dental hygienists' (DH) beliefs, attitudes, knowledge, current practices, and barriers for assessing and educating patients about childhood obesity. Methods: A random sample of DHs (n=13,357) was selected and emailed a link to the validated survey. Of the 1046 respondents who accessed the survey, 919 completed the survey for a completion rate of 89%. Results: A majority of the respondents understood the risk of chronic disease and obesity (99%), role sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) play as added sugar content in the diet (76%), and the amount of SSBs consumed by youth (91%)...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739845/evidence-based-practice-knowledge-attitude-access-and-confidence-a-comparison-of-dental-hygiene-and-dental-students
#6
Victoria Santiago, Melissa Cardenas, Anne Laure Charles, Estefany Hernandez, Udochukwu Oyoyo, So Ran Kwon
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether current educational strategies at a dental institution in the United States made a difference in dental hygiene (DNHY) and dental students' (D3) learning outcomes in the four domains of evidence-based practice (EBP), knowledge, attitude, accessing evidence, and confidence (KACE), following a 12-week research design course. Methods: All participants DNHY (n=19) and D3 (n=96) enrolled in the research design course at Loma Linda University completed a paper KACE survey distributed on the first day of class...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736488/transitional-changes-in-the-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-children-and-preventive-strategies-a-review-of-nationwide-annual-surveys-in-japan
#7
Chizuru Mukouyama, Yuji Koike, Toshie Hirohara
PURPOSE: To elucidate the efficacy of strategies for preventing dental caries in Japanese children by examining trends over time in the prevalence of dental caries, the number of decayed, missing, or filled teeth (the DMFT index), and their association with factors affecting oral hygiene. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Several national surveys performed between 1955 and 2015 were reviewed. The prevalence of dental caries in children aged 5-15 years, the DMFT index in children aged 9 or 14 years, individual consumption of added sugars and snacks, the number of dentists in Japan, and the percentage of children who received fluoride varnish were analysed...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727001/needs-of-homeless-veterans-5-years-of-the-chaleng-survey-2012-16
#8
Jack Tsai, Jessica Blue-Howells, John Nakashima
Background: National surveys of homeless veterans have been conducted for over a decade, but there has been no examination of changes in the needs of homeless veterans. Methods: Annual surveys of convenience samples of homeless veterans conducted for Project Community Homelessness Assessment, Local Education and Networking Groups (CHALENG) from 2012 (n = 6859), 2013 (n = 7741), 2014 (n = 7126), 2015 (n = 3765) and 2016 (n = 3191) were analyzed. CHALENG surveys collected background information about respondents and their ratings of unmet needs of homeless veterans...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720143/integrating-student-feedback-during-dental-curriculum-hack-a-thon
#9
Shawheen S Saffari, R Frederick Lambert, Lucy Dang, Sarah Pagni, Irina F Dragan
BACKGROUND: The future of dental education is at crossroads. This study used the parameter of the 2016 Dental Curriculum Hack-a-Thon to assess intra- and inter-institutional agreement between student and faculty views regarding dental curriculums to determine if there is an impact in student perceptions towards dental education from before and after the event. METHODS: This exploratory, cross-sectional study involved two surveys, with Survey 1 being distributed among four faculty-student pairs of the four participating dental schools answering 14 questions...
May 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717075/timing-of-case-based-discussions-and-educational-outcomes-for-dental-students
#10
Jaime A Chowaniec, Alison F Doubleday, Charles W LeHew, Larry B Salzmann, Anne Koerber
The aim of this study was to determine if the timing of a case-based discussion affected dental students' assessment scores. The study specifically investigated whether the timing of a 60-minute case-based discussion before or after a 90-minute lecture affected students' performance on a quiz on topics in pediatric dentistry. In addition, students' preferences for the timing of the case discussion and confidence in the material with different timings were assessed in a survey. In a crossover design, all 52 second-year students in fall 2016 at one U...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717074/comparing-practice-management-courses-in-canadian-dental-schools
#11
Dieter J Schonwetter, Barry Schwartz
Practice management has become an increasingly important aspect of dental education over the years in order to better prepare students for the reality of practice. The aim of this study was to quantify and describe practice management courses taught at the ten Canadian dental schools in order to identify common approaches, compare hours, determine types of instructors, and assess the relationship between courses' learning objectives and the Association of Canadian Faculties of Dentistry (ACFD) competencies and Bloom's cognitive levels...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717072/assessing-dental-students-readiness-to-treat-populations-that-are-underserved-a-scoping-review
#12
REVIEW
Linda Furlini, Nioushah Noushi, Geneviève Castonguay, Paul Allison, Christophe Bedos, Raphael De Souza, Shahrokh Esfandiari, Richard Hovey, Mary Ellen Macdonald, Martin Morris, Belinda Nicolau, Frances Power, Jocelyne Feine
In North America, all dental schools have adopted some form of community-based dental education (CBDE) or service-learning, but little is known about the areas being researched and reported in published studies. The aim of this study was to conduct a scoping review to determine what areas of research had been conducted to determine the effects of CBDE on dental students' readiness to treat populations that are underserved. A systematic search of articles published in English or French since 2000 was performed on July 29, 2015, and combined quantitative and qualitative synthesis of data was conducted...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717070/effect-on-dental-hygiene-students-of-a-substance-use-simulation-conducted-with-nursing-students
#13
Ann M Mitchell, Angelina Riccelli, Lynn Boucek, Kathryn R Puskar, Holly Hagle, Dawn Lindsay
Dental professionals have an opportunity to screen for substance use, provide targeted feedback based on patients' oral health, provide patient education, and refer for further assessment as needed. The aim of this study was to assess the impact on dental hygiene students of an interprofessional Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) educational intervention with standardized patients as a tool for initiating discussions on alcohol and drug use with patients. Starting in 2015, dental hygiene students in two classes at the University of Pittsburgh participated with nursing students in one and a half hours of didactic instruction followed within a ten-week period by SBIRT simulation scenarios utilizing standardized patients, with subsequent debriefing of students by faculty...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717069/interprofessional-education-perceptions-of-dental-assisting-and-radiologic-technology-students-following-a-live-patient-experience
#14
Amanda R Reddington, Amy J Egli, Heather M Schmuck
Health professions students are often unaware of other health care providers' roles or professional expertise due to most education taking place within their single profession. This pattern may be even more prevalent for baccalaureate and associate degree programs since most interprofessional education (IPE) occurs in predoctoral programs and, when IPE is incorporated into allied health professions education, it often utilizes simulation instead of live patient experiences. The aim of this study was to determine if radiologic technology and dental assisting students' perceptions changed regarding interprofessional practice and teamwork after an IPE activity with actual patients...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717068/nursing-and-dental-students-reflections-on-interprofessional-practice-after-a-service-learning-experience-in-appalachia
#15
Susan Nierenberg, Linda Paine Hughes, Molli Warunek, Joseph E Gambacorta, Suzanne S Dickerson, Nancy Campbell-Heider
Nowhere is the discrepancy between good and poor oral health status more pronounced in the U.S. than in the Appalachian region, where there is a high incidence of dental problems related to non-flouridated water, limited access to care, and tooth loss. To address these disparities, in 2016 University at Buffalo dental and nurse practitioner faculty members led a group of dental and nursing students on a two-day service-learning experience in rural Tennessee. The aim of this study was to assess the dental and nursing students' reflections on this interprofessional service-learning experience in Appalachia...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717067/developing-interprofessional-education-at-one-u-s-dental-school-establishing-a-baseline-and-moving-forward
#16
Janice Townsend, Joseph A Zorek, Sandra C Andrieu, Raquel Baroni de Carvalho, Donald E Mercante, Julie H Schiavo, Tina P Gunaldo
Dental schools across the U.S. are in the process of incorporating interprofessional education (IPE) into their curricula. At Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center-New Orleans (LSUHSC), the process of educating competent students fully prepared to maximize patient outcomes through interprofessional care is under way. The aim of this study was to establish baseline data on three years of LSU dental students' perceptions of IPE prior to and as a new two-year IPE curriculum was being introduced. A survey was conducted of dental students in all four years from 2015 to 2017 using the Student Perceptions of Interprofessional Clinical Education-Revised instrument, version 2 (SPICE-R2)...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703278/mission-of-mercy-patient-characteristics-and-dental-related-emergency-department-use
#17
Jolene O Paramore, Jill Boylston Herndon, Andrew B Brown
BACKGROUND: Although dental Mission of Mercy (MOM) events have existed for more than 2 decades and are held in more than 30 states, systematic data collection and reporting on patient characteristics, oral health care use patterns, and oral health care needs are lacking. METHODS: The authors surveyed patients attending the 2016 Florida MOM, asking about their reasons for seeking oral health care, oral health care use, and dental-related emergency department (ED) use...
May 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699555/association-between-maternal-acculturation-and-health-beliefs-related-to-oral-health-of-latino-children
#18
Tamanna Tiwari, Matthew Mulvahill, Anne Wilson, Nayanjot Rai, Judith Albino
BACKGROUND: This report is presenting the association of maternal acculturation, measured by preferred language, and oral health-related psychosocial measures in an urban Latino population. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 100 mother-child dyads from the Dental Center at the Children's Hospital Colorado, the University of Colorado. A portion of Basic Research Factors Questionnaire capturing information about parental dental knowledge, attitudes, behavior and psychosocial measures was used to collect data from the participating mothers...
April 24, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699545/inequalities-in-oral-health-among-adolescents-in-gangneung-south-korea
#19
Se-Hwan Jung, Myoung-Hee Kim, Jae-In Ryu
BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate inequality in oral health among adolescents and to explain the mechanisms of such inequalities in Gangneung, South Korea. METHODS: One thousand two hundred sixty-seven students in their first year from four vocational and three general schools participated in the baseline survey of 2011, and 84.7% of them were surveyed again in 2013. Oral examinations by the same dentist and a self-administered questionnaire were repeated during both waves...
April 24, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694584/-factors-associated-with-the-need-for-oral-treatment-of-elderly-brazilians-a-multilevel-analysis
#20
Chaiane Emilia Dalazen, Alessandro Diogo De Carli, Rafael Aiello Bomfim
The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of prosthetic requirements and dental treatment needs among the elderly Brazilian population and the associations with contextual and individual determinants. Data were taken from the Brazilian Oral Health Survey (SB Brasil 2010) and a sample of 7,619 Brazilian people aged 65-74 years were investigated. Multilevel logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals between treatment needs and contextual variables (Municipal Human Development Index, Gini coefficient and oral health coverage in the Family Health Strategy) and individual (gender, income, education and skin color)...
April 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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