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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530006/kindergarten-elementary-school-teachers-and-web-based-oral-health-related-resources-an-exploration
#1
Marita Rohr Inglehart, Gabrielle A Zuzo, Joshua J Wilson
PURPOSE: The percentage of U.S. children with poor oral health continues to be high. Kindergarten/elementary school educators could play an important role in teaching students about oral health promotion. The objectives were to assess which oral health-related web-based resources teachers consider most helpful and how teachers' attitudes, knowledge, and behavioural intentions concerning oral health-related teaching change between before and after having access to a resource website. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Web-based survey data were collected from 95 kindergarten/elementary school educators before and after they accessed a website with oral health-related information for teachers (web-link: http://media...
May 19, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514351/-essential-questions-of-training-of-dentists-for-accreditation
#2
Zh M Sizova, V N Tregubov, T N Malakhova
The paper presents sociological study aimed to analyze the conditions and methodological rationale for the basic directions of optimization of accreditation procedure for dentists. The study included 129 graduates of dental faculties of educational institutions of Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University. The material was collected by questionnaire survey and interviewing. The obtained results show that the introduced system of professionals' accreditation is an innovative educational technology allowing objectively assess the level of theoretical and practical training of dentists...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514054/how-do-educators-in-one-new-zealand-undergraduate-bachelor-of-oral-health-course-teach-and-nurture-professionalism
#3
L Smith, L Adam, S Moffat, A Meldrum, R Ahmadi
INTRODUCTION: Research on integrated dental hygiene and dental therapy courses is scarce; studies reporting on how staff in these combined scope courses teach professionalism are even more scarce. This study aimed to partially fill these research gaps. METHOD AND MATERIALS: In 2016, online surveys were sent to 34 staff members who taught into the integrated Bachelor of Oral Health (BOH) course at the University of Otago's Faculty of Dentistry; 13 were returned. Two focus groups were conducted with six BOH educators...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513787/does-the-trait-anxiety-affect-the-dental-fear
#4
Yusuf Cetin Doganer, Umit Aydogan, Hande Ucler Yesil, James Edwin Rohrer, Mark Douglas Williams, David Charles Agerter
The aims of the present study were to evaluate possible associations between trait anxiety, dental fear and the predictors of these interactions including demographic characteristics and dental history of patients applied to the dental care center in Ankara, Turkey. A sample of 607 participants (mean age: 21.02 ± 2.32) responded to a Turkish version of the Modified Dental Fear Survey (MDFS), the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-T) and a questionnaire regarding previous negative dental experience. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to identify the association between dental fear and the independent variables including trait anxiety, age groups, education level, dental visit frequency, experience and the source of dental knowledge...
May 4, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502088/limited-impact-of-awareness-raising-campaigns-on-hepatitis-c-testing-practices-among-general-practitioners
#5
A McLeod, B L Cullen, S J Hutchinson, K M Roy, J F Dillon, E A Stewart, D J Goldberg
The global hepatitis strategy calls for increased effort to diagnose those infected, with a target of 90% diagnosed by 2030. Scotland's Action Plan on Hepatitis C included awareness-raising campaigns, undertaken during 2008-2011, to promote testing by General Practitioners. We examined HCV testing practice among general practitioners before and following these campaigns. Scottish general practitioners were surveyed, using Dillman's method, in 2007 and 2013; response rates were 69% and 60%, respectively. Most respondents offer testing when presented with a risk history (86% in 2007, 88% in 2013) but only one fifth actively sought out risk factors (19 in 2007, 21% in 2013)...
May 14, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496255/enhanced-skills-in-periodontology-evaluation-of-a-pilot-scheme-for-general-dental-practitioners-and-dental-care-professionals-in-london
#6
S G Ghotane, V Harrison, E Radcliffe, E Jones, J E Gallagher
Background The need for periodontal management is great and increasing; thus, the oral and dental workforce should be suitably equipped to deliver contemporary care. Health Education London developed a training scheme to extend the skills of dentists and dental care professionals (DCPs).Aim To examine the feasibility of assessing a skill-mix initiative established to enhance skills in clinical periodontology involving the views of patients, clinicians and key stakeholders, together with clinical and patient outcomes in London...
May 12, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484140/association-between-income-inequality-and-dental-status-in-japanese-older-adults-analysis-of-data-from-jages2013
#7
Atsushi Tashiro, Jun Aida, Yugo Shobugawa, Yuki Fujiyama, Tatsuo Yamamoto, Reiko Saito, Katsunori Kondo
Objectives Personal income affects dental status in older people. However, the impact of income inequality on dental status at the community level (junior high school district) is unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between dental status and community level income inequity after adjust for individual socio-economic status in Japanese older adults, and to verify the relative income hypothesis, also known as the Wilkinson hypothesis.Methods We used data from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES) conducted in Niigata city...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480440/survey-of-dental-students-attitude-regarding-oriental-medicine-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-comparison-between-two-japanese-dental-schools
#8
Atsushi Kameyama, Kazuo Toda
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to examine the impact of "curricula for undergraduate education in oriental medicine (OM)/complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)" on student awareness of OM. A questionnaire survey was conducted involving the Nagasaki University School of Dentistry (NUSD), a university that implements education in OM as part of its undergraduate curriculum, and Tokyo Dental College (TDC), which does not teach OM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The third- and fifth-year students of both NUSD and TDC underwent the anonymous questionnaire survey, which included questions regarding their knowledge of OM and CAM, interests in these subjects, and their opinions on the necessity of teaching OM in the undergraduate dental education, and the results were collected for analysis...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467009/a-school-based-public-health-model-to-reduce-oral-health-disparities
#9
Rebecca N Dudovitz, Jonathan E Valiente, Gloria Espinosa, Claudia Yepes, Cesar Padilla, Maryjane Puffer, Harold C Slavkin, Paul J Chung
OBJECTIVES: Although dental decay is preventable, it remains the most common pediatric chronic disease. We describe a public health approach to implementing a scalable and sustainable school-based oral health program for low-income urban children. METHODS: The Los Angeles Trust for Children's Health, a nonprofit affiliated with the Los Angeles Unified School District, applied a public health model and developed a broad-based community-coalition to a) establish a District Oral Health Nurse position to coordinate oral health services, and b) implement a universal school-based oral health screening and fluoride varnishing program, with referral to a dental home...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461639/annual-adea-survey-of-dental-school-seniors-2016-graduating-class
#10
EDITORIAL
Tanya Wanchek, Bryan J Cook, Richard W Valachovic
This report examines the results of the American Dental Education Association (ADEA) Survey of Dental School Seniors graduating in 2016. Data were collected from 4,558 respondents at all 59 U.S. dental schools with graduating classes that year. This annual survey asks graduating students about a variety of topics in order to understand their motivation for attending dental school, educational experiences while in school, debt incurred, and plans following graduation. Motivations for choosing to attend dental school typically involved family or friends who were dentists or students' personal experiences...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461628/dental-school-faculty-attitudes-toward-dental-therapy-a-four-year-follow-up
#11
Karl D Self, Naty Lopez, Christine M Blue
This study is a follow-up to a 2010 study at one U.S. dental school that found faculty attitudes toward the dental therapy model were mixed and there was a clear divide in attitudes between faculty members who were full-time educators and part-timers who also practiced outside the educational institution. The aim of this study was to determine faculty attitudes toward and perceptions of the dental therapy model at the same school four years after implementation of the dental therapy program. The identical questionnaire used in 2010 was used in this survey conducted from November 2013 to January 2014...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455077/prescription-of-antibiotics-for-pulpal-and-periapical-pathology-among-dentists-in-southern-saudi-arabia
#12
Hussien A Alattas, Saif H Alyami
OBJECTIVES: Few dental conditions require treatment with antibiotics, yet dentists account for 7% of antimicrobial prescribing. In light of the emerging global problem of antibiotic resistance, this fact is problematic. Little is known about the antibiotic prescribing practices of dentists in Saudi Arabia. This study therefore aimed to investigate the attitudes of dentists in Saudi Arabia towards the prescription of antibiotics for pulpal and periapical pathology. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving an online questionnaire on antibiotic prescribing practices...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449292/oral-health-beliefs-knowledge-and-behaviors-in-northern-california-american-indian-and-alaska-native-mothers-regarding-early-childhood-caries
#13
Brenda Heaton, Andrew Crawford, Raul I Garcia, Michelle Henshaw, Christine A Riedy, Judith C Barker, Maureen A Wimsatt
OBJECTIVES: To assess the oral health beliefs, knowledge, and behaviors related to early childhood caries (ECC) risk in a convenience sample of American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) mothers residing in rural Northern California communities. METHODS: Fifty-three mothers of young children were recruited from three tribal communities in Northern California with the assistance of the California Rural Indian Health Board, Inc. and its California Tribal Epidemiology Center and Dental Support Center...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446178/inequality-in-unmet-dental-care-needs-among-south-korean-adults
#14
Nayoung Kim, Chang-Yup Kim, Hosung Shin
BACKGROUND: The current public health research agenda was to identify the means to reduce oral health inequalities internationally. The objectives of this study were to provide evidence of inequality in unmet dental needs and to find influencing factors attributable to those among South Korean adults. METHODS: Pooled cross-sectional data from the fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2009) on 17,141 Korean adults were used. Demographic factors (sex, age, and marital status), socioeconomic factors (education level, employment status, and income level), need factors (normative dental needs and self-perceived oral health status), and oral health-related factors (the number of decayed teeth, the presence of periodontitis, and the number of missing teeth) were included...
April 26, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444902/trajectory-of-social-inequalities-in-the-treatment-of-dental-caries-among-preschool-children-in-japan
#15
Jun Aida, Yusuke Matsuyama, Takahiro Tabuchi, Yuko Komazaki, Toru Tsuboya, Tsuguhiko Kato, Ken Osaka, Takeo Fujiwara
OBJECTIVES: The longitudinal trend of dental health inequalities among preschool children has not been described. In this study, we aimed to measure the trajectory of both relative and absolute inequalities in caries treatment among preschool children in Japan. METHODS: We used data from the Longitudinal Survey of Babies in the 21st Century (LSB21), which is an ongoing national representative longitudinal study. The target population was families residing in Japan with newborn baby/babies born between 10 January and 17 January or 10 July and 17 July 2001...
April 26, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438160/use-of-oral-health-care-services-in-finnish-adults-results-from-the-cross-sectional-health-2000-and-2011-surveys
#16
Anna L Suominen, Sari Helminen, Satu Lahti, Miira M Vehkalahti, Matti Knuuttila, Sinikka Varsio, Anne Nordblad
BACKGROUND: During the 2000s, two major legislative reforms concerning oral health care have been implemented in Finland. One entitled the whole population to subsidized care and the other regulated the timeframes of access to care. Our aim was, in a cross-sectional setting, to assess changes in and determinants of use of oral health care services before the first reform in 2000 and after both reforms in 2011. METHODS: The data were part of the nationally representative Health 2000 and 2011 Surveys of adults aged ≥ 30 years and were gathered by interviews and questionnaires...
April 24, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431481/arab-dentists-refusal-to-treat-hiv-positive-patients-a-survey-of-recently-graduated-dentists-from-three-arab-dental-schools
#17
Arheiam Arheiam, Maha El Tantawi, Asim Al-Ansari, Mohamed Ingafou, Asma El-Howiti, Kamis Gaballah, Wafaa AbdelAziz
OBJECTIVE: To assess intended refusal of recent graduates from three Arab dental schools to treat HIV + patients and factors associated with this intention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2015, convenience samples of recent dental graduates were included from Libya, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates. Participants responded to a questionnaire assessing personal background, knowledge of oral manifestations and fluids transmitting HIV, perceived adequacy of training and self-efficacy to manage blood exposures, attitude to risk of infection, moral beliefs and willingness to treat HIV + patients...
April 21, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423455/simulation-and-curriculum-design-a-global-survey-in-dental-education
#18
S Perry, M F Burrow, W K Leung, S M Bridges
BACKGROUND: Curriculum reforms are being driven by globalisation and international standardisation. Although new information technologies such as dental haptic virtual reality (VR) simulation systems have provided potential new possibilities for clinical learning in dental curricula, infusion into curricula requires careful planning. METHODS: This study aimed to identify current patterns in the role and integration of simulation in dental degree curricula internationally...
April 19, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420315/dental-care-attendance-and-refrainment-from-dental-care-among-adults
#19
Magnus Hakeberg, Ulla Wide Boman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse dental care utilization, refrainment from self-perceived needed dental care and the association with socioeconomic indicators among adult individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional survey included 3500 randomly selected adult individuals. Telephone interviews were conducted and the participants answered a battery of questions regarding dental visiting habits, health, socioeconomic position (SEP), behavioural factors and lifestyle indicators...
April 19, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386938/influence-of-negative-dental-experiences-in-childhood-on-the-development-of-dental-fear-in-adulthood-a-case-control-study
#20
M A Oliveira, M P Vale, C B Bendo, S M Paiva, J M Serra-Negra
The aim of this study was to evaluate the factors associated with high dental fear among Brazilian university students, especially the effect of a negative dental experience in childhood. This paired case-control study was conducted at the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais in Brazil. Dental, psychology and mathematics students were divided into cases (high fear) and controls (low fear), defined by cluster analysis, according to the items of the Dental Fear Survey (DFS). Cases (n = 65) and controls (n = 260) participants were paired (1:4) by gender, undergraduate course and social vulnerability...
June 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
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