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Dental education , survey

Ana Paula Corrêa de Queiroz Herkrath, Fernando José Herkrath, Maria Augusta Bessa Rebelo, Mario Vianna Vettore
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the structural and intermediary determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among adults with cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P). DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with patients enrolled at the referral center for craniofacial anomalies in Manaus, Brazil. Adults aged 18 years or more with nonsyndromic CL/P were selected. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Both HRQoL and OHRQoL were assessed using the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey and the Oral Impacts on Daily Performance, respectively...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Meixun Zheng, Daniel Bender
Computer-based testing (CBT) has made progress in health sciences education. In 2015, the authors led implementation of a CBT system (ExamSoft) at a dental school in the U.S. Guided by the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), the purposes of this study were to (a) examine dental students' acceptance of ExamSoft; (b) understand factors impacting acceptance; and (c) evaluate the impact of ExamSoft on students' learning and exam performance. Survey and focus group data revealed that ExamSoft was well accepted by students as a testing tool and acknowledged by most for its potential to support learning...
March 13, 2018: Medical Teacher
Douglas A Conrad, Peter Milgrom, R Mike Shirtcliff, Howard L Bailit, Sharity Ludwig, Jeanne Dysert, Gary Allen, Joana Cunha-Cruz
BACKGROUND: Dentists increasingly are employed in large group practices that use financial incentive systems to influence provider performance. The authors describe the design and initial implementation of a pay-for-performance (P4P) incentive program for a large capitated Oregon group dental practice that cares primarily for patients receiving Medicaid. The authors do not assess the effectiveness of the incentive system on provider and staff member performance. METHODS: The data come from use of care files and integrated electronic health records, provider and staff member surveys, and interviews and community surveys from 6 counties...
March 8, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Nada El Osta, Lana El Osta, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz, Robert Saad, Carole Abi-Ghosn, Martine Hennequin, Stephanie Tubert-Jeannin, Jihad Fakhouri
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The percentage of Lebanese older people has increased considerably. Given that Lebanese seniors are marginalized in the health policy-making process, we suggest a high social inequality in oral health that has not been studied so far. The purpose of our study was to describe and compare oral health status in a group of Lebanese older people according to their socioeconomic status (SES) MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were recruited from three different primary health care clinics in Beirut, Lebanon...
March 8, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Maytté Marcano-Caldera, Jose Luis Mejía-Cardona, José Hernán Parra Sanchez, Catalina Méndez de la Espriella, Eduardo Covo Morales, Gustavo Sierra Varón, Martha Gómez Díaz, Natalia Fortich Mesa, Paola Escobar Villegas, Patricia Bermúdez Reyes, Patricia Rodríguez Sanchez, Pedro Mejia Fernández, Ruth Ángela Gómez-Scarpetta, Vanessa Bernal Alfaro, Olga Lucia Cifuentes Aguirre, Olga Patricia López Soto, Asgeir Sigurdsson
BACKGROUND/AIM: Dental trauma in school populations has a high frequency and school teachers are often close to the place where such injuries occur. However, many studies have confirmed the lack of knowledge as to how to act in these cases. The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge in regard to dental trauma of school teachers in Colombia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multi-centre, descriptive cross-sectional study was performed in 251 schools using a stratified randomized sampling...
March 8, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
Andrew Adams, Carilynne Yarascavitch, Carlos Quiñonez, Amir Azarpazhooh
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess barriers to the use of deep sedation/general anesthesia (DS/GA) identified by dentists in Ontario. METHODS: An email invitation to a web-based survey was distributed to all licensed dentists and specialists who have provided an email address to the provincial regulator (n = 5507). Descriptive and regression analyses were performed to explore practice and demographic factors associated with the use of DS/GA. RESULTS: The response rate was 18...
July 2017: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
Niodita Gupta, Marko Vujicic, Cassandra Yarbrough, Brittany Harrison
BACKGROUND: The Affordable Care Act of 2010 increased dental coverage for children in the United States, (U.S.) but not for adults. Few studies in current scholarship make use of up-to-date, nationally representative data to examine oral health disparities in the U.S. POPULATION: The purpose of this study is to use nationally representative data to determine the prevalence of untreated caries among children and adults of different socioeconomic and racial/ethnic groups and to examine the factors associated with untreated caries among children and adults...
March 6, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Claire S Tucker, Melissa G Efurd, Robert L Kennedy
PURPOSE: Competency-based education is employed to ensure students are prepared to perform tasks required by entry-level practitioners. The American Dental Education Association's curriculum for dental hygiene programs states that students should learn skills consistently performed by dental hygienists to the level of competence. The purpose of this study was to assess the implementation of a competency- based dental hygiene clinical program at University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Emma Carpenter, Ann A Lazar, Gwen Essex, Cheryl A Davis, Dorothy J Rowe
Purpose: To identify the factors that have influenced dental hygienists to pursue post-graduate education opportunities, specifically dental (DDS, DMD) as compared to academic doctoral degrees, such as doctor of philosophy (PhD) or doctor of education (EdD). Methods: A convenience sample of dental hygienists with doctoral degrees were identified from multiple sources (n=140) and sent a 27-item web-based survey. Univariate logistic regression analysis was used to explore the influence of independent variables (respondents' demographic and personal characteristics, influential persons and experiences, encouraging and motivating factors) on the respondents' decision to pursue either a dental or an academic doctoral degree...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
Kathryn R Search, Susan L Tolle, Gayle B McCombs, Aaron Arndt
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to survey entry-level dental hygiene program directors in the United States (U.S.) to assess their perceptions of dental hygienists with visible tattoos as well as to determine current policies related to dress codes in U.S. dental hygiene programs. Methods: Data was collected with an online survey emailed to 340 dental hygiene program directors yielding a 43% (n=141) response rate. Participants indicated their opinions of visible tattoos on the basis of professionalism and school policy satisfaction...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
O Kérourédan, R Smirani, D Oriez, J F Péli, D Seux, A Quinton, R Devillard
INTRODUCTION: Academic dental educators play a major role in training future dentists. They help students to develop medical knowledge and behavioural skills that improve the quality and rigor of their future practice. Therefore, their experience and knowledge are critical to ensure effective learning. However, a French national workshop revealed that most junior assistant professors lack educational skills at the beginning of their career. The aim of this study was to assess educational training needs of junior assistant professors in the Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics...
March 2, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Fiorella Candamo, Matthew Tobey, Lisa Simon
People who are incarcerated or have a history of incarceration have high rates of dental disease, but access to dental treatment is often a challenge during and after incarceration. Dental students' exposure to this population is unknown: no data exist regarding the number of schools that provide didactic and clinical training in correctional dentistry. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of instruction in correctional dentistry and clinical opportunities at correctional facilities for dental students in the U...
March 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Aline Macarevich, Luciane Maria Pilotto, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert, Roger Keller Celeste
This article aimed to describe the levels of user satisfaction in different age groups and to study the association between user satisfaction and different types of dental services in a representative sample of Brazilians. This study is based on the Brazilian Oral Health Survey, which evaluated the dental health of adolescents, adults and older adults in 177 Brazilian cities. The outcome variable was user satisfaction, related to the last dental visit, evaluated in a five-level Likert-type scale. The main exposure variable was the type of dental service (public service, private service, health plan or insurance)...
February 19, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
J T Marchesan, T Morelli, K Moss, J S Preisser, A F Zandona, S Offenbacher, J Beck
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the associations between interdental cleaning behavior and the prevalence of caries and periodontal disease and numbers of missing teeth, with data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011 to 2012 and 2013 to 2014). Analysis included the following parameters: interproximal clinical attachment level (iCAL) ≥3 mm, interproximal probing depth (iPD) ≥4 mm, number of coronal and interproximal caries, number of missing teeth, ≥1 surfaces with coronal caries, and periodontal profile classes (PPCs)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
Deborah Mattheus, Maureen Shannon, Krupa Gandhi, Eunjung Lim
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the study was to assess the relationship between oral health educational activities of NPs and their current oral health knowledge and practices. METHOD: An online survey was distributed to practicing NPs and members of the NAPNAP organization. RESULTS: The study results from n = 147 NPs indicated an association between oral health CE attendance and knowledge on the age to initiate fluoride toothpaste, age for an initial dental visit, as well as NPs comfort in educating about oral hygiene, diets to reduce caries, bacterial transmission and caries development, in addition to the NPs comfort in performing a risk assessment, oral exam, and identifying decay and other oral pathology compared to NPs that had not attended a CE course...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Mikako Hayashi, Tomomi Yamada, Christopher D Lynch, Nairn H F Wilson
OBJECTIVES: The teaching of posterior composites has been a major part of the curriculum in Japanese dental education for several decades. The aim of this paper was to investigate the current trends in the teaching of posterior composites to undergraduate dental students in Japan by comparing the results of surveys conducted for over 30 years. METHODS: In late 2016-early 2017, a questionnaire seeking information on the teaching of posterior composites was distributed via e-mail to the persons responsible for teaching operative dentistry in 29 dental schools having undergraduate dental degree programs in Japan...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
Dana N Teusner, Julie Satur, Suzanne P Gardner, Najith Amarasena, David S Brennan
INTRODUCTION: Understanding dental therapy practice across clinical settings is useful for education and service planning. This study assessed if dental therapy service provision varied according to practitioner and workplace characteristics. METHODS: Members of professional associations representing dental therapists (DT) and oral health therapists (OHT) were posted a self-complete survey collecting practitioner and workplace characteristics, together with clinical activity on a self-selected typical day of practice...
February 21, 2018: International Dental Journal
Najith Amarasena, Andrew John Spencer, Kaye F Roberts-Thomson, David S Brennan
OBJECTIVES: To investigate associations of dental knowledge with dental service utilization over 2 years in South Australians aged 45-54 years. METHODS: In 2004-2005, a random sample of 2469 adults aged 45-54 years from Adelaide, South Australia, who were selected from the Australian electoral roll was surveyed. The outcome variables were the numbers of visits and dental services received over 2 years. Data were analysed using log-binomial and Poisson regression...
February 20, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
M Gürsoy, A Wilensky, N Claffey, D Herrera, P M Preshaw, M Sanz, U Schlagenhauf, L Trombelli, K Demirel
OBJECTIVES: This survey aimed to evaluate whether periodontal education and assessment in undergraduate dental curricula amongst the member countries of the European Federation of Periodontology (EFP) follow the competency-based curricular guidelines and recommendations developed by the Association for Dental Education in Europe. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multiple-choice questionnaire was emailed to 244 dental institutes amongst the 24 EFP member countries between November 2014 and July 2015...
February 20, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
S Lata, S K Mohanty, S Vinay, Abhaya Chandra Das, Sanjib Das, Priyadarshini Choudhury
This questioner survey aimed about awareness of the Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) machine and its various clinical applications in ENT, among the ENT surgeons in the state of Odisha. 150 questioner forms on CBCT were distributed to the all the participating ENT surgeons at a state level ENT conference, out of which the response rate was 110. The participants were asked to answer 30 multiple choice questions, which were divided into 3 parts; general information on CBCT, general approach to CBCT and practice related to CBCT...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
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