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Dental education , survey

Amanda Reichard, Michelle Stransky, Kimberly Phillips, Monica McClain, Charles Drum
BACKGROUND: While it is commonly accepted that disparities in unmet need for care vary by age, race/ethnicity, income, education, and access to care, literature documenting unmet needs experienced by adults with different types of disabilities is developing. OBJECTIVE: The main objective was to determine whether subgroups of people with disabilities are more likely than people without disabilities to delay/forgo necessary care, in general and among the insured. METHODS: We used pooled Medical Expenditure Panel Survey data (2004-2010) to examine delaying or forgoing medical, dental, and pharmacy care among five disability subgroups (physical, cognitive, visual, hearing, multiple) and the non-disabled population...
September 13, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Seon Young Hwang, Jae Lan Shim
OBJECTIVE: There is an association between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, it is not known whether periodontitis and bad oral health behavior could influence on the CVD risk. This study aimed to examine whether periodontitis and bad oral health behavior predict 10-year general CVD risk using representative national data. DESIGN AND METHOD: Using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) in 2013, we selected men and women who were aged over 30 years and who had no previous CVD history (n = 4259)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Chris S Ivanoff, Krassimira Yaneva, Diana Luan, Bogomil Andonov, Reena R Kumar, Anirudha Agnihotry, Athena E Ivanoff, Dimitrios Emmanouil, Luiz Evaristo Ricci Volpato, Filip Koneski, Ilijana Muratovska, Huda A Al-Shehri, Sara M Al-Taweel, Michele Daly
BACKGROUND: Training culturally competent graduates who can practice effectively in a multicultural environment is a goal of contemporary dental education. The Global Oral Health Initiative is a network of dental schools seeking to promote global dentistry as a component of cultural competency training. OBJECTIVE: Before initiating international student exchanges, a survey was conducted to assess students' awareness of global dentistry and interest in cross-national clerkships...
October 18, 2016: International Dental Journal
Nupur D Shrirao, Saee P Deshmukh, Neelam A Pande, Usha M Radke
INTRODUCTION: For fabricating dental prostheses that meet patients' demands and have good longevity and function, appropriate treatment planning and decision-making are required. Therefore, not only technical skills and clinical judgment of the dentist are needed, but also patients' attitude toward treatment plays a critical role in posttreatment satisfaction. AIM: The aim of this study is to investigate the factors affecting decision-making and the selection of dental prosthesis by the patients...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Montalverne Hb Lopes, Cassiano K Rösing, Paulo Roberto G Colussi, Francisco Wilker Mg Muniz, Maria Ss Linden
The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of selfreported halitosis and associated factors in adolescents from Passo Fundo, Brazil. Additionally, we studied adolescents' concern with their own breath and whether anyone had ever told them that they had halitosis. A crosssectional observational survey was conducted on 15to 19year old high school students from public and private schools in the city of Passo Fundo, Brazil. The random sample consisted of 736 adolescents from 20 schools. An interview with a structured questionnaire was administered...
September 2016: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Lena Natapov, Avi Sasson, Shlomo P Zusman
BACKGROUND: The National health insurance law enacted in 1995 did not include dental care in its basket of services. Dental care for children was first included in 2010, initially up till 8 years of age. The eligibility age rose to 12 years in 2013. The dental survey of 6 year-olds in 2007 found that the average of decayed, missing and filled teeth index (dmft) was 3.31 and 35 % of children were caries free. The current cross sectional survey of dental health for 6 year-olds was conducted as a comparison to the pre-reform status...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Mei Lin, Chien-Hsun Li, Liang Wei, Shillpa Naavaal, Shellie Kolavic Gray, Michael C Manz, Laurie Barker
OBJECTIVES: To compare estimated prevalence of past-year dental visit (PPYDV) among US adults aged ≥18 years from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) to estimates from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), and National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). METHODS: We estimated PPYDV adjusted for covariates (age, race/ethnicity, education level, poverty status, edentulism) using BRFSS, MEPS, and NHIS 1999-2010, and NHANES 1999-2004...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
María Del C López Jordi, Marcia Ç Figueiredo, Dante Barone, Carolina Pereira
: Dentistry increasingly uses Information and Communication Technology (ICT), which has impact on teaching, research, the profession and dental care in general. However, there is a lack of valid information on ICT resources and use in Latin America. This was a descriptive, cross-sectional, multi-center, interdisciplinary study, the aim of which was to conduct a survey on how extensively ICT is used in Dentistry in Latin American countries by enquiring into two primary components: 1) use of ICT in student training and 2) use of ICT by professionals in consulting rooms and services...
April 2016: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Gerard J Garvan, Cynthia W Garvan, Linda S Behar-Horenstein
The importance of educating dental students in cultural competence has been widely emphasized, but there is a need to assess cultural competence in a consistent and reliable way. The aims of this study were to determine latent constructs for the initial measure of cultural competence for oral health providers, the Knowledge, Efficacy, and Practices Instrument (KEPI), and to determine how well these factors related to previously identified latent constructs. Data were collected in surveys of dental students and from dental hygiene, dental assisting, and dental faculty members in 44 academic dental institutions from 2012 to 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Keith A Mays
Community-based dental education (CBDE) enhances students' clinical expertise, improves their cultural competence, increases access to care, and fosters community engagement. As emphasis on CBDE has increased over the last decades, the aim of this survey study was to determine how CBDE is currently being implemented in U.S. dental schools. The study used a 20-item, author-designed survey emailed in April to August 2015 to 60 of the 65 U.S. dental schools, excluding those that had been recently established. Of the 60 schools, representatives of 33 responded, resulting in a 55% response rate: 70% public and 30% private...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Krešimir Matoš, Zrinka Jurec, Ivan Galić, Marin Vodanović
INTRODUCTION: Occupational diseases are diseases caused by occupational exposures at the workplace, while diseases related to work are diseases caused by many factors, wherein the harmful work conditions are one of the possible causes. Dental medicine is a profession with a high risk of developing occupational diseases. The aim of this paper was to present the results of a survey about occupational health risks and health related habits among dental students at the School of Dental Medicine University of Zagreb and to show how this survey led to an improvement in education by introducing a new course into the dental curriculum...
March 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Pushpa Thapa, Krishna Kumar Aryal, Suresh Mehata, Abhinav Vaidya, Bijay Kumar Jha, Meghnath Dhimal, Shaili Pradhan, Purushottam Dhakal, Arpana Pandit, Achyut Raj Pandey, Bihungum Bista, Ava Upadhyay Pokhrel, Khem Bahadur Karki
BACKGROUND: Oral diseases remain a significant public health problem in Nepal, as do oral health behaviours. Socio-demographic factors play a crucial role in driving oral hygiene practices. This study aims to identify oral hygiene practices and associated socio-demographic factors in Nepalese population. METHODS: This descriptive, cross-sectional study recruited 4200 adults (15-69 years) through multistage cluster sampling. Data obtained from the WHO NCD STEPS instrument version 2...
September 29, 2016: BMC Oral Health
M Mamaladze, L Khutsishvili, E Zarkua
The current study aims at differentiating carious and/or non-carious diseases developed in Class 5 region and detecting the distribution rate at the age aspects. The study was conducted at the Dental Clinicand Educational-Research Center "Unident" LTD and Dental Clinic "Dens". 256 patients were involved in the study. All patients underwent a routine dental examination, while rentgenovisiography and CT were performed in case of need. For gathering the detailed medical history and integrated study of Class 5 defects, a special questionnaire/survey, providing detailed information on each patient, was developed...
July 2016: Georgian Medical News
Ajay Joshi, Romer Ocanto, Robin J Jacobs, Vinodh Bhoopathi
BACKGROUND: To determine the factors associated with child care center directors' (CCCDs) intention to implement oral health promotion practices (OHPPs) in licensed childcare centers (CCCs) within the next year, and their self-perceived barriers in successfully implementing those practices. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, a pretested 45-item online survey was sent to 5142 CCCDs assessing pediatric oral health knowledge, attitudes towards oral health, intention to implement OHPPs, and self-perceived barriers to implementing OHPPs...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Jie Dai, Yong-Ping Zhang, Wen-Min Wang, Xu-Ming Luo, Wen-Jie Zhuo, Wei-Jiang Yang, Ling-Zhi Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This paper was to assess the risk for cross infection caused by blood-contaminated tampon after dental extraction and whether this risk was reduced after relevant education towards both dentists and patients. METHODS: From December 2014 to April 2015, a survey was conducted in dentists and patients randomly before and after relevant education. The questionnaire is being revised for this survey based on learning from Chatzoudi and Franklin' survey. This survey was approved by the institutional review board, and all participants were voluntary and all responses were anonymous...
2016: SpringerPlus
Seon Young Hwang, Jae Lan Shim
OBJECTIVE: There is an association between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, it is not known whether periodontitis and bad oral health behavior could influence on the CVD risk. This study aimed to examine whether periodontitis and bad oral health behavior predict 10-year general CVD risk using representative national data. DESIGN AND METHOD: Using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) in 2013, we selected men and women who were aged over 30 years and who had no previous CVD history (n = 4259)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Rahul Kaul, Parul Jain, Paras Angrish, Subrata Saha, Tamal Kanti Patra, Nilanjana Saha, Malay Mitra
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic dental injuries are one of the commonly encountered dental emergencies. Missing anterior tooth in children due to any injury can be a source of considerable physical and psychological discomfort for the child. The prognosis of some dental injuries depends to a great extent on parents' knowledge of correct and prompt emergency measures. AIM: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and awareness level of parents regarding the emergency management of dental trauma and to find out the relation of the responses to social variables...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Tuba Talo Yildirim
INTRODUCTION: Dental fear is one of the most common problems in dentistry, for both the patient and for the dentist. This issue can have an important effect on an individual's dental health. AIM: The aim of this paper was to report on the prevalence of dental anxiety and to explore if high levels of anxiety are associated with sociodemographic factors, oral health status, and level of oral health awareness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample for this cross-sectional study included 294 patients (154 males and 140 females)...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Marta Lomazzi, Valerie Wordley, Raman Bedi
The World Federation of Public Health Associations' Oral Health Working Group (WFPHA OHWG) carried out a survey to establish the extent of global dental public health (DPH) capacity. Senior stakeholders in DPH completed 124 surveys, covering 73 countries and all WHO regions. The survey evaluated DPH workforce within the country, funding, education, current services, and integration between public health and DPH in countries across the world. In 62 per cent of countries, DPH is only partially integrated in the public health system, while in 25 per cent of countries it has not yet been formally integrated...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
Dafna Benadof, Evlambia Hajishengallis, Amanda Cole, Carolina Vidal
BACKGROUND: The parent's ability to obtain, process, and understand important oral health information (i.e., their oral health literacy) is directly related to their child's oral health status. AIM: To assess the relationship between oral literacy demands placed on parents by dentists and parents' understanding of dental information given to them. DESIGN: Thirty-one consenting primary caregivers of children attending their first dental visit completed a demographic survey, a REALD-30 test, and a survey to test understanding of dental information...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
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