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"Guideline development"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679810/the-cost-effectiveness-of-seven-behavioural-interventions-to-prevent-drug-misuse-in-vulnerable-populations
#1
Becky Pennington, Brendan Collins, Simon Leigh, Antony P Martin, Lesley Owen, Alastair Fischer, Harry Sumnall, Geoff Bates
BACKGROUND: The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) developed a guideline on drug misuse prevention in vulnerable populations. Part of the guideline development process involved evaluating cost-effectiveness and determining which interventions represented good value for money. METHODS: Economic models were developed for seven interventions which aimed to prevent drug use in vulnerable populations. The models compared the costs (to the health and crime sectors) and health benefits (in quality-adjusted life years (QALYs)) of each intervention and its comparator...
April 18, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676715/-european-reference-networks-for-rare-diseases
#2
J R Vos, W A G van Zelst-Stams, N Hoogerbrugge
Approximately one million patients in the Netherlands and 27-36 million patients in Europe have one of the 5,000-8,000 known rare diseases. These patients often do not receive the care they need or with a substantial delay from diagnosis to treatment. As of March 2017, 24 European Reference Networks (ERNs) were launched with the aim to improve the care for these patients through cross-border healthcare, where in principle the knowledge travels and not the patient. It is expected that through the ERNs, European patients with a rare disease get more often and more quickly access to expert care and that it will accelerate guideline development and research...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674175/social-networking-sites-sns-as-a-tool-for-midwives-to-enhance-social-capital-for-adolescent-mothers
#3
Samantha Nolan, Joyce Hendricks, Moira Williamson, Sally Ferguson
OBJECTIVE: to explore ways in which midwives can enhance the support provided by social networking sites for adolescent mothers. DESIGN: a narrative approach was employed to guide the research design and processes. Approval was obtained from Edith Cowan University human ethics department. SETTING: focus groups and interviews were undertaken with adolescent mothers and midwives in Western Australia. FINDINGS: the four key themes identified across both groups were validation by midwives, importance of ownership, enhanced community connections and the importance of guideline development...
April 3, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673801/-grade-guidelines-16-grade-evidence-to-decision-frameworks-for-tests-in-clinical-practice-and-public-health
#4
J Morche, S Conrad, A Passon, M Perleth, G Gartlehner, J J Meerpohl, H J Schünemann
OBJECTIVE: To describe the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) interactive Evidence to Decision (EtD) frameworks for tests and test strategies for clinical, public health or coverage decisions. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: As part of the GRADE Working Group's DECIDE project we conducted workshops, user testing with systematic review authors, guideline developers and other decision makers, and piloted versions of the EtD framework...
April 16, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665247/how-do-we-know-if-a-clinical-practice-guideline-is-good-a-response-to-djulbegovic-and-colleagues-use-of-fast-and-frugal-decision-trees-to-improve-clinical-care-strategies
#5
Mathew Mercuri
Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) and clinical pathways have become important tools for improving the uptake of evidence-based care. Where CPGs are good, adherence to the recommendations within is thought to result in improved patient outcomes. However, the usefulness of such tools for improving patient important outcomes depends both on adherence to the guideline and whether or not the CPG in question is good. This begs the question of what it is that makes a CPG good? In this issue of the Journal, Djulbegovic and colleagues offer a theory to help guide the development of CPGs...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661195/impact-of-patient-involvement-on-clinical-practice-guideline-development-a-parallel-group-study
#6
Melissa J Armstrong, C Daniel Mullins, Gary S Gronseth, Anna R Gagliardi
BACKGROUND: Patient and public involvement (PPI) is recognized as a key component of clinical practice guideline development with important implications for guideline implementability. The impact of PPI on guidelines, however, has not been rigorously assessed. Better understanding of the impact of PPI must start with guideline question formation, which drives all subsequent development steps. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of PPI on guideline question formation and validate a conceptual model of patient and public contributions to guidelines...
April 16, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648898/use-of-standard-guidelines-for-department-of-medicine-summary-letters
#7
Matthew Fitz, Jeffrey La Rochelle, Valerie Lang, Deborah DeWaay, William Adams, Farah Nasraty
Phenomenon: Fourth-year medical students obtain Department of Medicine (DOM) letters ("Chair" letters) to support their residency applications. Writing and interpreting DOM letters are challenging. There is heterogeneity in the letters that makes it difficult to both write and read these letters. APPROACH: The purpose of this study is to determine the value of new guidelines developed by a task force of clerkship directors and program directors in internal medicine and assess the implementation of these guidelines...
April 12, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628972/ensuring-reproducibility-and-ethics-in-animal-experiments-reporting-in-korea-using-the-arrive-guideline
#8
Mi-Hyun Nam, Myung-Sun Chun, Je-Kyung Seong, Hoon-Gi Kim
The aim of this study is to evaluate the reporting quality of animal experiments in Korea using the Animals in Research: Reporting In Vivo Experiments (ARRIVE) guideline developed in 2010 to overcome the reproducibility problem and to encourage compliance with replacement, refinement and reduction of animals in research (3R's principle). We reviewed 50 papers published by a Korean research group from 2013 to 2016 and scored the conformity with the 20-items ARRIVE guideline. The median conformity score was 39...
March 2018: Laboratory Animal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627809/antithrombotic-therapy-in-patients-receiving-saphenous-vein-coronary-artery-bypass-grafts-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#9
Karla Solo, Janet Martin, Shahar Lavi, Conrad Kabali, Ava John-Baptiste, Immaculate F Nevis, Tawfiq Choudhury, Mamas A Mamas, Rodrigo Bagur
INTRODUCTION: The current evidence for the prevention of saphenous vein graft failure (SVGF) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery consists of direct head-to-head comparison of treatments (including placebo) in randomised-controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies. However, summarising the evidence using traditional pairwise meta-analyses does not allow the inclusion of data from treatments that have not been compared head to head. Exclusion of such comparisons could impact the precision of pooled estimates in a meta-analysis...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625568/consensus-clinical-management-guidelines-for-niemann-pick-disease-type-c
#10
REVIEW
Tarekegn Geberhiwot, Alessandro Moro, Andrea Dardis, Uma Ramaswami, Sandra Sirrs, Mercedes Pineda Marfa, Marie T Vanier, Mark Walterfang, Shaun Bolton, Charlotte Dawson, Bénédicte Héron, Miriam Stampfer, Jackie Imrie, Christian Hendriksz, Paul Gissen, Ellen Crushell, Maria J Coll, Yann Nadjar, Hans Klünemann, Eugen Mengel, Martin Hrebicek, Simon A Jones, Daniel Ory, Bruno Bembi, Marc Patterson
Niemann-Pick Type C (NPC) is a progressive and life limiting autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in either the NPC1 or NPC2 gene. Mutations in these genes are associated with abnormal endosomal-lysosomal trafficking, resulting in the accumulation of multiple tissue specific lipids in the lysosomes. The clinical spectrum of NPC disease ranges from a neonatal rapidly progressive fatal disorder to an adult-onset chronic neurodegenerative disease. The age of onset of the first (beyond 3 months of life) neurological symptom may predict the severity of the disease and determines life expectancy...
April 6, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622502/chronic-pain-medication-management-of-older-populations-key-points-from-a-national-conference-and-innovative-opportunities-for-pharmacy-practice
#11
Julia Fiona-Maree Gilmartin-Thomas, J Simon Bell, Danny Liew, Carolyn A Arnold, Rachelle Buchbinder, Colin Chapman, Flavia Cicuttini, Malcolm Dobbin, Stephen J Gibson, Melita J Giummarra, Jenny Gowan, Benny Katz, Dan L Lubman, Matthew McCrone, Jennifer Pilgrim, Anneliese Synnot, Eleanor van Dyk, Barbara Workman, John McNeil
OBJECTIVE: Inappropriate use of pain medication has serious consequences for older populations. Experts in the field have noted an increase in opioid prescriptions, and opioid-related hospitalisations and deaths among this vulnerable population. In the pursuit of educating pharmacists, physicians, allied healthcare professionals, researchers, academics and the public facing the challenges of chronic pain medication management, 'The Inaugural Monash University School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine (SPHPM) Best Practice in Chronic Pain Medication Management Day Conference' was held in December 2016 at the Alfred Medical Research and Education Precinct (Melbourne, Australia)...
March 19, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619213/pet-owner-and-vet-interactions-exploring-the-drivers-of-amr
#12
Matt Smith, Caroline King, Mark Davis, Adele Dickson, Jeni Park, Fraser Smith, Kay Currie, Paul Flowers
Background: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a growing public health problem across the world. As the negative consequences of AMR become apparent at local, national and international levels, more attention is being focussed on the variety of mechanisms by which AMR is potentiated. We explore how interactions between pet owners and veterinarians represent a key arena in which AMR-related behaviours can be shaped. Methods: In depth semi-structured interviews were carried out with pet owners ( n  = 23) and vets ( n  = 16) across the UK in 2017...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615396/different-knowledge-different-styles-of-reasoning-a-challenge-for-guideline-development
#13
Sietse Wieringa, Dunja Dreesens, Frode Forland, Carel Hulshof, Sue Lukersmith, Fergus Macbeth, Beth Shaw, Arlène van Vliet, Teun Zuiderent-Jerak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2018: BMJ evidence-based medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614581/-2018-chinese-guideline-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#14
(no author information available yet)
To develop a new evidence-based diagnosis, treatment guideline for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in China.A multidisciplinary guideline development group was established. The grading of recommendations assessment, development and evaluation (GRADE) system was used to rate the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations. Recommendations were derived from evidence body, the balance of benefits and harmsand patient's values and preferences.The guideline development group developed 10 recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of RA...
April 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605976/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-korea-2017-revised-edition
#15
REVIEW
Kyung Ho Song, Hye-Kyung Jung, Hyun Jin Kim, Hoon Sup Koo, Yong Hwan Kwon, Hyun Duk Shin, Hyun Chul Lim, Jeong Eun Shin, Sung Eun Kim, Dae Hyeon Cho, Jeong Hwan Kim, Hyun Jung Kim
In 2011, the Korean Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility (KSNM) published clinical practice guidelines on the management of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) based on a systematic review of the literature. The KSNM planned to update the clinical practice guidelines to support primary physicians, reduce the socioeconomic burden of IBS, and reflect advances in the pathophysiology and management of IBS. The present revised version of the guidelines is in continuity with the previous version and targets adults diagnosed with, or suspected to have, IBS...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595636/evidence-based-practice-guideline-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-for-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-qingfeng-neizhang
#16
Yingxin Yang, Qiu-Yan Ma, Yue Yang, Yu-Peng He, Chao-Ting Ma, Qiang Li, Ming Jin, Wei Chen
BACKGROUND: Primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) is a chronic, progressive optic neuropathy. The aim was to develop an evidence-based clinical practice guideline of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) for POAG with focus on Chinese medicine pattern differentiation and treatment as well as approved herbal proprietary medicine. METHODS: The guideline development group involved in various pieces of expertise in contents and methods. Authors searched electronic databases include CNKI, VIP, Sino-Med, Wanfang data, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, as well as checked China State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) from the inception of these databases to June 30, 2015...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594911/analyzing-the-impact-of-compliance-with-national-guidelines-for-pancreatic-cancer-care-using-the-national-cancer-database
#17
Kathryn Jaap, Marcus Fluck, Marie Hunsinger, Jeffrey Wild, Tania Arora, Mohsen Shabahang, Joseph Blansfield
IMPORTANCE: Management of pancreatic cancer is complex, requiring coordination of multiple providers. National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines, developed for standardization and quality improvement, recommend a multimodal approach. OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed national rates of compliance with National Comprehensive Cancer Network recommendations, assessed factors affecting compliance, and evaluated whether compliance with evidence-based guidelines improved overall survival...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594504/management-of-high-blood-pressure-in-children-similarities-and-differences-between-us-and-european-guidelines
#18
Tammy M Brady, Amalia Stefani-Glücksberg, Giacomo D Simonetti
Over the last several decades, many seminal longitudinal cohort studies have clearly shown that the antecedents to adult disease have their origins in childhood. Hypertension (HTN), which has become increasingly prevalent in childhood, represents one of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) such as heart disease and stroke. With the risk of adult HTN much greater when HTN is manifest in childhood, the future burden of CVD worldwide is therefore concerning. In an effort to slow the current trajectory, professional societies have called for more rigorous, evidence-based guideline development to aid primary care providers and subspecialists in improving recognition, diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of pediatric HTN...
March 28, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594016/head-to-head-comparison-of-prostate-cancer-risk-calculators-predicting-biopsy-outcome
#19
Nuno Pereira-Azevedo, Jan F M Verbeek, Daan Nieboer, Chris H Bangma, Monique J Roobol
Background: Multivariable risk calculators (RCs) predicting prostate cancer (PCa) aim to reduce unnecessary workup (e.g., MRI and biopsy) by selectively identifying those men at risk for PCa or clinically significant PCa (csPCa) (Gleason ≥7). The lack of an adequate comparison makes choosing between RCs difficult for patients, clinicians and guideline developers. We aim to perform a head-to-head comparison of seven well known RCs predicting biopsy outcome. Methods: Our study comprised 7,119 men from ten independent contemporary cohorts in Europe and Australia, who underwent prostate biopsy between 2007 and 2015...
February 2018: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590355/essential-resources-and-strategies-for-antibiotic-stewardship-programs-in-the-acute-care-setting
#20
Sarah B Doernberg, Lilian M Abbo, Steven D Burdette, Neil O Fishman, Edward L Goodman, Gary R Kravitz, James E Leggett, Rebekah W Moehring, Jason G Newland, Philip A Robinson, Emily S Spivak, Pranita D Tamma, Henry F Chambers
Background: Antibiotic stewardship programs improve clinical outcomes and patient safety and help combat antibiotic resistance. Specific guidance on resources needed to structure stewardship programs is lacking. This manuscript describes results of a survey of U.S. stewardship programs and resultant recommendations regarding potential staffing structures in the acute care setting. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of members of three infectious diseases subspecialty societies actively involved in antibiotic stewardship was conducted...
March 26, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
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