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"Guideline development"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087285/apert-syndrome-a-consensus-on-the-management-of-apert-hands
#1
David A Pettitt, Zeeshaan Arshad, Anuj Mishra, Paul McArthur
INTRODUCTION: Apert Syndrome is a congenital condition characterised by primary craniosynostosis, midfacial malformations and complex symmetrical malformations of the hands and feet. The hands demonstrate one of the most complex collections of congenital upper limb deformities, posing a significant challenge for the paediatric hand surgeon. This study examines the extant literature and current practice of the four UK specialist craniofacial units regarding the management of Apert hands in order to provide a basis for guideline development...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086887/patients-and-physicians-perceptions-and-attitudes-about-oral-anticoagulation-and-atrial-fibrillation-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#2
Gemma Mas Dalmau, Elisenda Sant Arderiu, María Belén Enfedaque Montes, Ivan Solà, Sandra Pequeño Saco, Pablo Alonso Coello
BACKGROUND: Oral anticoagulant therapy reduces the risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation, but many patients are still not prescribed this therapy. The causes of underuse of vitamin K antagonists oral anticoagulants are not clear but could be related, in part, to patients' and physicians' perceptions and attitudes towards the benefits and downsides of this treatment. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate and synthesize patients' and physicians' perceptions and attitudes towards the benefits and downsides of vitamin K antagonist, in order to explore potential factors related with its underuse...
January 13, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086771/naturalistic-study-of-guideline-implementation-tool-use-via-evaluation-of-website-access-and-physician-survey
#3
Melissa J Armstrong, Gary S Gronseth, Richard Dubinsky, Sonja Potrebic, Rebecca Penfold Murray, Thomas S D Getchius, Carol Rheaume, Anna R Gagliardi
BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines support decision-making at the point-of-care but the onus is often on individual users such as physicians to implement them. Research shows that the inclusion of implementation tools in or with guidelines (GItools) is associated with guideline use. However, there is little research on which GItools best support implementation by individual physicians. The purpose of this study was to investigate naturalistic access and use of GItools produced by the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) to inform future tool development...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078082/core-components-for-effective-infection-prevention-and-control-programmes-new-who-evidence-based-recommendations
#4
Julie Storr, Anthony Twyman, Walter Zingg, Nizam Damani, Claire Kilpatrick, Jacqui Reilly, Lesley Price, Matthias Egger, M Lindsay Grayson, Edward Kelley, Benedetta Allegranzi
Health care-associated infections (HAI) are a major public health problem with a significant impact on morbidity, mortality and quality of life. They represent also an important economic burden to health systems worldwide. However, a large proportion of HAI are preventable through effective infection prevention and control (IPC) measures. Improvements in IPC at the national and facility level are critical for the successful containment of antimicrobial resistance and the prevention of HAI, including outbreaks of highly transmissible diseases through high quality care within the context of universal health coverage...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077494/practice-guideline-summary-use-of-fmri-in-the-presurgical-evaluation-of-patients-with-epilepsy-report-of-the-guideline-development-dissemination-and-implementation-subcommittee-of-the-american-academy-of-neurology
#5
Jerzy P Szaflarski, David Gloss, Jeffrey R Binder, William D Gaillard, Alexandra J Golby, Scott K Holland, Jeffrey Ojemann, David C Spencer, Sara J Swanson, Jacqueline A French, William H Theodore
OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic accuracy and prognostic value of functional MRI (fMRI) in determining lateralization and predicting postsurgical language and memory outcomes. METHODS: An 11-member panel evaluated and rated available evidence according to the 2004 American Academy of Neurology process. At least 2 panelists reviewed the full text of 172 articles and selected 37 for data extraction. Case reports, reports with <15 cases, meta-analyses, and editorials were excluded...
January 11, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076244/the-need-to-systematically-evaluate-clinical-practice-guidelines
#6
Allen F Shaughnessy, Lisa Cosgrove, Joel R Lexchin
Clinical practice guidelines abound. The recommendations contained in these guidelines are used not only to make decisions about the care of individual patients but also as practice standards to rate physician "quality." Physicians' confidence in guidelines is based on the supposition that there is a rigorous, objective process for developing recommendations based on the best available evidence. Though voluntary standards for the development of guidelines exist, the process of guideline development is unregulated and the quality of many guidelines is low...
November 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072872/population-pharmacokinetic-properties-of-piperaquine-in-falciparum-malaria-an-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis
#7
Richard M Hoglund, Lesley Workman, Michael D Edstein, Nguyen Xuan Thanh, Nguyen Ngoc Quang, Issaka Zongo, Jean Bosco Ouedraogo, Steffen Borrmann, Leah Mwai, Christian Nsanzabana, Ric N Price, Prabin Dahal, Nancy C Sambol, Sunil Parikh, Francois Nosten, Elizabeth A Ashley, Aung Pyae Phyo, Khin Maung Lwin, Rose McGready, Nicholas P J Day, Philippe J Guerin, Nicholas J White, Karen I Barnes, Joel Tarning
BACKGROUND: Artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) are the mainstay of the current treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria, but ACT resistance is spreading across Southeast Asia. Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine is one of the five ACTs currently recommended by the World Health Organization. Previous studies suggest that young children (<5 y) with malaria are under-dosed. This study utilised a population-based pharmacokinetic approach to optimise the antimalarial treatment regimen for piperaquine...
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072838/reporting-items-for-updated-clinical-guidelines-checklist-for-the-reporting-of-updated-guidelines-checkup
#8
Robin W M Vernooij, Pablo Alonso-Coello, Melissa Brouwers, Laura Martínez García
BACKGROUND: Scientific knowledge is in constant development. Consequently, regular review to assure the trustworthiness of clinical guidelines is required. However, there is still a lack of preferred reporting items of the updating process in updated clinical guidelines. The present article describes the development process of the Checklist for the Reporting of Updated Guidelines (CheckUp). METHODS AND FINDINGS: We developed an initial list of items based on an overview of research evidence on clinical guideline updating, the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) II Instrument, and the advice of the CheckUp panel (n = 33 professionals)...
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062025/amniotic-fluid-technical-update-on-physiology-and-measurement
#9
Kenneth I Lim, Kimberly Butt, Kentia Naud, Mila Smithies
OBJECTIVE: OUTCOMES: EVIDENCE: A MEDLINE and KFINDER search was used to identify relevant articles, with review of bibliography identified article including Cochrane reviews and recent review articles. VALUES: The evidence collected was reviewed by the Diagnostic Imaging Committee of the Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Canada. The recommendations were made according to the guidelines developed by The Canadian Task Force on Preventative Health Care (Table 1)...
January 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059930/acr-appropriateness-criteria-locally-advanced-high-risk-prostate-cancer
#10
Patrick W McLaughlin, Adam L Liss, Paul L Nguyen, Dean G Assimos, Anthony V D'Amico, Alexander R Gottschalk, Gary S Gustafson, Sameer R Keole, Stanley L Liauw, Shane Lloyd, Benjamin Movsas, Bradley R Prestidge, Timothy N Showalter, Al V Taira, Neha Vapiwala, Brian J Davis
PURPOSE: To present the most updated American College of Radiology consensus guidelines formed from an expert panel on treatment of locally advanced, high-risk prostate cancer METHODS:: The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios...
January 4, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032679/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-nasal-cavity-and-paranasal-sinus-cancers
#11
Farzan Siddiqui, Richard V Smith, Sue S Yom, Jonathan J Beitler, Paul M Busse, Jay S Cooper, Ehab Y Hanna, Christopher U Jones, Shlomo A Koyfman, Harry Quon, John A Ridge, Nabil F Saba, Francis Worden, Min Yao, Joseph K Salama
The American College of Radiology (ACR) Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios...
December 29, 2016: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029583/acr-appropriateness-criteria-assessment-of-fetal-well-being
#12
Lynn Simpson, Nadia J Khati, Sandeep P Deshmukh, Kika M Dudiak, Mukesh G Harisinghani, Tara L Henrichsen, Benjamin J Meyer, David A Nyberg, Liina Poder, Thomas D Shipp, Carolyn M Zelop, Phyllis Glanc
Although there is limited evidence that antepartum testing decreases the risk for fetal death in low-risk pregnancies, women with high-risk factors for stillbirth should undergo antenatal fetal surveillance. The strongest evidence supporting antepartum testing pertains to pregnancies complicated by intrauterine fetal growth restriction secondary to uteroplacental insufficiency. The main ultrasound-based modalities to determine fetal health are the biophysical profile, modified biophysical profile, and duplex Doppler velocimetry...
October 28, 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007384/determination-and-assessment-of-phthalate-esters-content-in-sediments-from-kaohsiung-harbor-taiwan
#13
Chih-Feng Chen, Chiu-Wen Chen, Yun-Ru Ju, Cheng-Di Dong
Phthalate esters (PAEs) are known organic endocrine disruptors. The distribution of 10 PAEs in sediments of Kaohsiung Harbor of Taiwan was studied using organic solvents extraction and quantified by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. The average concentration of total PAEs (ΣPAEs) in the sediment was 8713±11,454ng/g dw with di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) (3630ng/g-dw) and diisononyl phthalate (DiNP) (3497ng/g dw) being the major species, which constitutes of 41.7% and 40.1% of ΣPAEs. PAEs concentration was relatively high near the river mouths, especially in Love River mouth, and diminished toward the harbor...
December 20, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005258/pancreatic-cancer-management-and-treatment-landscape-awareness-of-gastroenterologists-results-from-us-physician-surveys-conducted-in-2013-and-2015
#14
Gregory D Salinas, Lee Whitworth, Patti Merwin, Joan Emarine
INTRODUCTION: In the US, gastroenterologists (GIs) often inform patients of the initial diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. Thus, GIs are frequently the first physicians to provide vital information regarding treatment strategies and options to patients which can have significant impact on subsequent clinical decision-making. Since treatments for pancreatic cancer are rapidly evolving, it may be challenging for GIs to maintain an adequate knowledge base required to provide accurate cursory information or avoid providing inaccurate data to patients at a very sensitive point in time in their care...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003797/bsge-esge-guideline-on-management-of-fluid-distension-media-in-operative-hysteroscopy
#15
REVIEW
Sameer Umranikar, T Justin Clark, Ertan Saridogan, Dimitrios Miligkos, Kirana Arambage, Emma Torbe, Rudi Campo, Attilio Di Spiezio Sardo, Vasilios Tanos, Grigoris Grimbizis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Gynecological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997752/review-of-the-nice-guidelines-for-multiple-myeloma
#16
REVIEW
G Pratt, T C Morris
In February 2016, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) published guidelines on multiple myeloma. NICE have published numerous guidelines relating to haematology, but this was the first guideline focusing on a single haematological malignancy. The purpose of this review was to highlight the recommendations made in the guideline and the implications for the management of patients in the UK and also internationally. In addition, we review the NICE process and highlight issues around current guideline development...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988237/what-has-been-researched-in-childhood-obstructive-sleep-disordered-breathing-a-systematic-review
#17
Roderick P Venekamp, Deepak Chandrasekharan, Francois Abel, Helen Blackshaw, Irene A Kreis, Hannah Evans, Anne Gm Schilder
BACKGROUND: Despite recent clinical guideline development, the best pathway of care for children with symptoms of obstructive sleep-disordered breathing (oSDB) is still debated. This systematic review aims to map research in childhood oSDB conducted so far, to support further guideline development, identify evidence gaps and guide future research. METHODS: Systematic search of PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library from inception to 26 November 2015. All publications on childhood oSDB were included, irrespective of type and language...
December 14, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987203/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-recurrent-hodgkin-lymphoma
#18
REVIEW
Karen M Winkfield, Ranjana H Advani, Leslie K Ballas, Bouthaina S Dabaja, Sughosh Dhakal, Christopher R Flowers, Chul Soo Ha, Bradford S Hoppe, David B Mansur, Nancy P Mendenhall, Monika L Metzger, John P Plastaras, Kenneth B Roberts, Ronald Shapiro, Sonali M Smith, Stephanie A Terezakis, Anas Younes, Louis S Constine
This topic addresses the management of recurrent Hodgkin lymphoma. While autologous stem cell transplantation may be appropriate for select cases of recurrent disease following comprehensive combined-modality therapy, other options exist for patients treated with lower-dose therapy for early-stage disease. Additionally, innovative targeted therapies provide newer salvage options to consider. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria® are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel...
December 15, 2016: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984849/composition-of-unrecorded-distilled-alcohol-bai-jiu-produced-in-small-rural-factories-in-central-china
#19
Ian Newman, Ling Qian, Niran Tamrakar, Yonghua Feng, Ganrong Xu
BACKGROUND: Unrecorded traditional distilled spirits (bai jiu, ) are made and used throughout rural China for everyday use and special occasions. Nearly every town or village has a distiller to supply the demand. In rural China, distilling bai jiu is legal and regulated lightly or not at all. The World Health Organization estimates that as much as 25% of all alcohol consumed in China is unrecorded alcohol, of which an unknown portion is unrecorded bai jiu. Little is known about the composition of unrecorded Chinese spirits from rural parts of the country...
January 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984278/guidelines-for-family-centered-care-in-the-neonatal-pediatric-and-adult-icu
#20
Judy E Davidson, Rebecca A Aslakson, Ann C Long, Kathleen A Puntillo, Erin K Kross, Joanna Hart, Christopher E Cox, Hannah Wunsch, Mary A Wickline, Mark E Nunnally, Giora Netzer, Nancy Kentish-Barnes, Charles L Sprung, Christiane S Hartog, Maureen Coombs, Rik T Gerritsen, Ramona O Hopkins, Linda S Franck, Yoanna Skrobik, Alexander A Kon, Elizabeth A Scruth, Maurene A Harvey, Mithya Lewis-Newby, Douglas B White, Sandra M Swoboda, Colin R Cooke, Mitchell M Levy, Elie Azoulay, J Randall Curtis
OBJECTIVE: To provide clinicians with evidence-based strategies to optimize the support of the family of critically ill patients in the ICU. METHODS: We used the Council of Medical Specialty Societies principles for the development of clinical guidelines as the framework for guideline development. We assembled an international multidisciplinary team of 29 members with expertise in guideline development, evidence analysis, and family-centered care to revise the 2007 Clinical Practice Guidelines for support of the family in the patient-centered ICU...
January 2017: Critical Care Medicine
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