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Ethics, dental students , speciality

Thomas Gerhard Wolf, Gerhard Konrad Seeberger, Angelika Callaway, Benjamín Briseño-Marroquín, Philippe Rusca, Michael Frank, Ernst-Jürgen Otterbach
OBJECTIVE: A trend towards increasingly new forms of dental practice has been observed in the FDI World Dental Federation. Elementary foundations such as the free dentist and therapy choice, and independent, free, self-responsible professional practice may be undermined. The current study is aimed at analyzing the general training framework, organization, and professional types of dental practice in the European Regional Organization (ERO) zone and at critically discussing selected aspects of changes in the dental profession...
February 26, 2018: Quintessence International
D Muralidharan, S Pocha, A Paul
OBJECTIVES: For effective utilisation of topical fluorides in caries prevention, dental professionals should have adequate knowledge regarding its appropriate use. The decision regarding preventive treatments like topical fluorides is influenced by knowledge acquired during undergraduate training. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of undergraduate dental students in the use of topical fluorides. METHODOLOGY: A descriptive cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted from June to August 2015 following ethical clearance...
February 3, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Sharon Bright Amanya, Joyce Nakitende, Tom Denis Ngabirano
Aim: To assess prevalence of stress and its sources among undergraduate health professional students at Makerere University. Design: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study using quantitative methods of data collection. Methods: The study was conducted among 258 undergraduate health professional students (Medical, Dental and, Nursing students) at Makerere University. From each programme, students were recruited proportionately, while being selected conveniently from each year of study...
January 2018: Nursing Open
H M A Ahmed, S Cohen, G Lévy, L Steier, F Bukiet
Proper isolation is an essential prerequisite for successful endodontic treatment. This article aims to provide an update on the prevalence of rubber dam (RD) use, and the role of education along with attitudes of general dental practitioners (GDPs) and patients towards the application of RD in endodontics. Critical ethical issues are also highlighted. Using certain keywords, an electronic search was conducted spanning the period from January 1983 to April 2013 to identify the available related investigations, and the pooled data were then analysed...
December 2014: Australian Dental Journal
Ina Nitschke, Julia Kunze, Thomas Reiber, Bernhard A J Sobotta
The growing number of individuals over the age of sixty-five with specific dental needs requires increased teaching efforts to adequately prepare predoctoral dental students. The study assessed whether such increases in undergraduate gerodontology teaching in German-speaking countries between 2004 and 2009 occurred. Questionnaires were mailed in 2004 and 2009 to all deans (n=37) and all department heads (n=140) of Austrian, Swiss, and German dental schools. Results show that gerodontology is still mostly included in traditional core subjects but that specific lecture series and practical teaching have increased...
May 2013: Journal of Dental Education
Anastassia Kossioni, Jacques Vanobbergen, James Newton, Frauke Müller, Robin Heath
Effective undergraduate teaching of gerodontology to present and future dental students is important if good oral health care of older people is to be assured. A review of the undergraduate curriculum for gerodontology is presented and indicates the need for a knowledge base from which new graduates can develop a special interest in care of older patients. The aim is improved care of older patients, satisfaction for teaching staff involved and improved professional standing for Dentistry. Motivation of students could also be achieved by the positive match between rising patient awareness and ethical responsibility of the profession for those older patients...
September 2009: Gerodontology
Richard S Masella
The most important mission of dental education is development of student professionalism. It is only within the context of professionalism that specialized knowledge and technical expertise find meaning. Altruism, integrity, caring, community focus, and commitment to excellence are attributes of professionalism. Its backbone is the obligation of service to people before service to self--a social contract. Professionalism can and should be acquired by targeted interventions, not as an assumed by-product of dental education...
February 2007: Journal of Dental Education
Mahyar Mofidi, Ronald Strauss, Leslie L Pitner, Eugene S Sandler
Dental schools are challenged to develop new learning methodologies and experiences to better prepare future dental practitioners. The purpose of this study was to gain insight into the community-based experiences of dental students as documented in their critical incident essays and explore what learning outcomes and benefits students reported. Following two required community-based clinical rotations, each student wrote a reflection essay on a self-defined critical incident that occurred during the rotations...
May 2003: Journal of Dental Education
Karen Burgess, Jon D Ruesch, Matthew C Mikkelsen, Karen Schaid Wagner et al.
BACKGROUND: The American Dental Association conducted the 2000 Membership Needs and Opinions Survey to evaluate the professional needs and personal perceptions of ADA members on selected topics. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to a sample of 6,310 ADA members in January 2000 with follow-up mailings in February, March and April 2000. Data collection was completed in July 2000. The survey included questions on critical professional issues, perceptions of the American Dental Association and its priorities...
February 2003: Journal of the American Dental Association
N J Schuman, J E Turner
Chairside dental ethics necessitates special consideration by the faculty member-dentist, the dental student, and the patient. The patient must always be aware of treatment options, in addition to learning the health status of the oral hard and soft tissues, costs, and time to be involved to accomplish proposed treatment. What may seem like a burden to an individual practitioner is actually only the necessities incurred by any self governing profession. Fifty-two consecutive dental patients had their cases reviewed for the ethical behavior of the dentist-practitioner, student, and patient...
1997: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
D K Dennison
The purpose of this paper is to discuss a number of components associated with the design, development and conduct of a randomized clinical trial (RCT). In a RCT, a patient is entered into a protocol in which therapy is randomly assigned. Thus, neither the patient nor the care provider have active roles in deciding treatment. The elements of informed consent were developed to ensure that the patient's interests are protected. The informed consent document serves as the cornerstone of a clinical study by introducing patients to the research protocol, informing them of their role as participants in the study, and educating them of their rights...
July 1997: Journal of Periodontal Research
W J Ralph, B L Stewart, C H Macmillan
The views of recent graduates and graduating students from the University of Melbourne, School of Dental Science, were sought in regard to their training for registration as dentists. Respondents were requested to indicate the emphasis placed on a number of subjects taught in the dental curriculum over the past ten years in relation to their preparedness for general practice. The priorities to be given to basic science and medical subjects, as indicated by the recent graduates in another section of the survey, were related to the judgment of emphasis given in the undergraduate curriculum...
February 1990: Australian Dental Journal
R W Comer, D R Myers, C D Steadman, M J Carter, J P Rissing, F J Tedesco
Health care workers who are HIV positive or who have AIDS are faced with unique and perplexing problems. Likewise dental students who are HIV positive present a special circumstance that demands review of ethical, legal, managerial, and medical considerations. The purpose of this paper is to describe the management considerations at the Medical College of Georgia following a recent report of an HIV positive dental student. The administration assembled a diverse team of experts for advice in the situation. This group assumed that the circumstance was a potential crisis with possible serious long-term implications...
March 1991: Journal of Dental Education
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