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Huan-Feng Zhu, Peng-Wei Yan, Li-Jun Wang, Ya-Tian Liu, Jing Wen, Qian Zhang, Yan-Xin Fan, Yan-Hong Luo
Huperzine A (HupA), derived from Huperzia Serrata, has exhibited a variety of biological actions, in particular neuroprotective effect. However, the protective activities of HupA on murine embryonic fibroblast NIH3T3 cells after X-rays radiation have not been fully elucidated. Herein, HupA treatment dramatically promoted cell viability, abated a G0/G1 peak accumulation, and ameliorated increase of cell apoptosis in NIH3T3 cells after X-rays radiation. Simultaneously, HupA notably enhanced activities of anti-oxidant enzymes, inhibited activity of lipid peroxide, and efficiently eliminated production of reactive oxygen species in NIH3T3 cells after X-rays radiation...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Yunyun Li, Wenrong Zhao, Ri Shi, Jun Jia, Xiaona Li, Jingxin Cheng
Our study was aimed to investigate the mechanism of rs4759314 located in HOTAIR involved in congenital heart disease. Luciferase assay was performed to evaluate whether rs4759314 affected the transcription efficiency of HOTAIR promoter, and confirm miR-545 target gene. Real-time PCR, Western-blot and IHC were carried out to investigate the relationship among HOTAIR, EGFR, p-ERK, P-P38 MAPK. MTT assay and flow cytometry analysis were performed to detect the effect of HOTAIR on cell viability and apoptosis. The presence of G allele of the polymorphism located in HOTAIR promoted transcription activity of HOTAIR promoter...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Michael Ohene-Nyako, Amanda L Persons, T Celeste Napier
Methamphetamine abuse co-occurring with HIV infection presents neuropathology in brain regions that mediate reward and motivation. A neuronal signaling cascade altered acutely by meth and some HIV-1 proteins is the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. It remains unknown if chronic co-exposure to meth and HIV-1 proteins converge on MAPK in vivo. To make this determination, we studied young adult Fischer 344 HIV-1 transgenic (Tg) and non-Tg rats that self-administered meth (0.02-0.04 mg/kg/0.05 ml iv infusion, 2 h/day for 21 days) and their saline-yoked controls...
June 21, 2018: Brain Structure & Function
A M Gravett, N Trautwein, S Stevanović, A G Dalgleish, J Copier
The antigenic makeup of tumour cells can have a profound effect on the progression of cancer and success of immunotherapies. Therefore, one strategy to improve the efficacy of cancer treatments is to augment the antigens displayed by tumours. The present study explores how the recognition of tumour cells may be altered by non-cytotoxic concentrations of gemcitabine (GEM). Testing a panel of chemotherapeutics in human cancer cell lines in vitro , it was found that GEM increased surface expression of HLA-A,B,C and that underlying this were specific increases in β-2-microglobulin and immunoproteasome subunit proteins...
2018: Oncoimmunology
Lisa Liang, Ludivine Coudière Morrison, Nazanin Tatari, Margaret Stromecki, Agnes Fresnoza, Christopher J Porter, Marc R Del Bigio, Cynthia Hawkins, Jennifer A Chan, Timothy C Ryken, Michael D Taylor, Vijay Ramaswamy, Tamra E Werbowetski-Ogilvie
The extensive heterogeneity both between and within the medulloblastoma (MB) subgroups underscores a critical need for variant-specific biomarkers and therapeutic strategies. We previously identified a role for the CD271/p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) in regulating stem/progenitor cells in the SHH MB subgroup. Here we demonstrate the utility of CD271 as a novel diagnostic and prognostic marker for SHH MB using immunohistochemical analysis and transcriptome data across 763 primary tumors. RNA sequencing of CD271+ and CD271- cells revealed molecularly distinct, co-existing cellular subsets both in vitro and in vivo...
June 21, 2018: Cancer Research
Sheng-Wei Chang, Jack Wellmerling, Xiaoli Zhang, Rachael E Rayner, Wissam Osman, Sara Mertz, Amal O Amer, Mark E Peeples, Prosper N Boyaka, Estelle Cormet-Boyaka
BACKGROUND: Marijuana consumption is on the rise in the US but the health benefits of cannabis smoking are controversial and the impact of cannabis components on lung homeostasis is not well-understood. Lung function requires a fine regulation of the ion channel CFTR, which is responsible for fluid homeostasis and mucocilliary clearance. The goal of this study was to assess the effect that exposure to Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive substance present in marijuana, has on CFTR expression and function...
June 18, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Ningfeng Li, Feifei Wang, Qinglin Zhang, Ming Jin, Ye Lu, Shanshan Chen, Cuiju Guo, Xu Zhang
Damage and loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) can cause visual impairment. The underlying molecular mechanisms that mediate RGC death in ischemic retinal diseases are still unclear. In this study, we sought to understand the neuroprotective effect of rapamycin, the selective inhibitor of mTORC1, on RGC survival and the cellular mechanics that mediate this effect. Recent studies have reported that the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor shows an increase in expression in astrocytes after injury, and this receptor can promote their transformation into reactive astrocytes...
June 18, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
Heng Wang, Chongliang Bi, Yinjie Wang, Jun Sun, Xia Meng, Jianji Li
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) internalization into bovine mammary epithelial cells (bMECs) is considered an important pathogenic mechanism for the establishment of mastitis. Given the interesting link between selenium (Se) status and mastitis, our objective was to prove that Se was essential to suppress pro-inflammatory mediators, in part, by modulation of Toll-like receptor2 (TLR2), nuclear factor kappaB (NF-κB) and mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal transduction pathway in bMECs...
June 20, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Emma Reece, Sean Doyle, Peter Greally, Julie Renwick, Siobhán McClean
Many cystic fibrosis (CF) airway infections are considered to be polymicrobial and microbe-microbe interactions may play an important role in disease pathology. Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Aspergillus fumigatus are the most prevalent bacterial and fungal pathogens isolated from the CF airway, respectively. We have previously shown that patients co-colonized with these pathogens had comparable outcomes to those chronically colonized with P. aeruginosa . Our objective was to examine the interactions between A...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Diana Chaker, Charbel Mouawad, Albert Azar, Didier Quilliot, Ibrahim Achkar, Ziad Fajloun, Nehman Makdissy
BACKGROUND: Human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hADSCs) are promising cells that may promote hepatocyte differentiation (Hep-Dif) and improve liver function, but the involvement of Cdc42, a key small RhoGTPase which plays a crucial role in aging, is still not well established. We hypothesized that the inhibition of Cdc42 may rescue the hepatogenic potential of hADSCs derived from aged donors. METHODS: hADSCs isolated from 61 women of different ages were cultured for evaluation of the proliferation of cells, adherence, apoptosis, immunomodulation, immunophenotyping, multipotency, gene expression, and cell function during Hep-Dif...
June 19, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Jingjing Xu, Jun Zhou, Hanjue Dai, Fei Liu, Wenjing Li, Wenjuan Wang, Feng Guo
BACKGROUND: The carboxyl terminus of Hsc70-interacting protein (CHIP) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that plays a controversial role in different cancers, either as a tumor suppressor or a tumor promoter. To date, the exact function and underlying mechanism of CHIP in colorectal cancer (CRC) is not yet clear. Here we aimed to determine whether CHIP could affect the biological behaviors of CRC cells and its underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Stably transfected CHIP overexpression and depletion DLD-1 and HT-29 cells were established using Lipofectamine 2000...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
Z Liang, Y-J Chi, G-Q Lin, S-H Luo, Q-Y Jiang, Y-K Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the specific role of microRNA-26 (miRNA-26a) in a rat model of cerebral ischemic stroke and the underlying mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was established to induce permanent cerebral infarction. Neuro-behavior was observed and scored after model establishment. The expression of miRNA-26a in brain tissue and brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) of rats after cerebral ischemic stroke was detected by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR)...
June 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
B Song, Y-J Tang, W-G Zhang, C-C Wan, Y Chen, L-J Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway is widely involved in cell proliferation and invasion regulation. Enhanced expression or function of ERK1 is important for leukemia. Abnormal down-regulation of microRNA (miR)-143 is correlated with leukemia pathogenesis, indicating possible tumor-suppressing role. Bioinformatics analysis showed the existence of complementary binding sites between miR-143 and ERK1. This study aims to investigate whether the miR-143 plays a role in mediating ERK1 expression and proliferation and apoptosis of leukemia cells...
June 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Biao Wang, Dingjun Hao, Zhen Zhang, Wenjie Gao, Hu Pan, Yuan Xiao, Baorong He, Lingbo Kong
Myricitrin is a natural occurring flavonoid glycoside that possesses effects on inhibiting nitric oxide (NO) transmission and preventing inflammatory reaction. Although previous study showed the myricitrin possesses antibone loss effects via reducing the expression of IL-6 and partially suppressing reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. However, the effects of myricitrin on nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL)-stimulated osteoclastogenesis have not yet been further investigated. The current study was aimed to demonstrating the inhibitory effects of myricitrin on RANKL-stimulated osteoclastogenesis and relevant mechanisms...
June 17, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Jian Wang, Jiaoyan Tan, Qi Qi, Lingzhi Yang, Yanhong Wang, Chunlei Zhang, Linyong Hu, Hong Chen, Xingtang Fang
MicroRNAs are endogenous, small non-coding RNAs that can play critical gene-regulatory roles during skeletal muscle development and are highly conserved. miR-487b-3p is expressed in muscle, and the detailed mechanism by which it regulates myoblast proliferation and differentiation has not been explored. Here, we found that miR-487b-3p expression was significantly higher in goat muscle tissues than in other tissues and was higher in fetal goat muscle tissues than in mature goat tissues, suggesting that miR-487b-3p has an important effect on skeletal muscle myogenesis...
2018: International Journal of Biological Sciences
Jing Li, Chuxiong Zeng, Beishi Zheng, Chun Liu, Min Tang, Yan Jiang, Yizhong Chang, Weiping Song, Yingxin Wang, Changqing Yang
High-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) plays a context-dependent role in autophagy, which is required for hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) activation. However, the significance of HMGB1-induced HSCs autophagy in liver fibrosis has not been elucidated. Here, we first documented an enrichment of peripheral and intra-hepatic HMGB1 signal in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related liver fibrosis progression, and presented the direct evidence of anatomic proximity of HMGB1 with a-SMA (a marker for HSCs activation) in cirrhotic liver specimens...
June 15, 2018: Clinical Science (1979-)
Md Areeful Haque, Ibrahim Jantan, Hemavathy Harikrishnan, Siti Mariam Abdul Wahab
Magnoflorine, a major bioactive metabolite isolated from Tinospora crispa, has been reported for its diverse biochemical and pharmacological properties. However, there is little report on its underlying mechanisms of action on immune responses, particularly on macrophage activation. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of magnoflorine, isolated from T. crispa on the pro-inflammatory mediators generation induced by LPS and the concomitant NF- κ B, MAPKs, and PI3K-Akt signaling pathways in U937 macrophages...
June 15, 2018: Planta Medica
Zhengxu Chen, Dan Zhang, Man Li, Baolong Wang
Lipoteichoic acid (LTA)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) is an experimental model for mimicking Gram-positive bacteria-induced pneumonia that is a refractory disease with lack of effective medicines. Here, we reported that costunolide, a sesquiterpene lactone, ameliorated LTA-induced ALI. Costunolide treatment reduced LTA-induced neutrophil lung infiltration, cytokine and chemokine production (TNF-α, IL-6 and KC), and pulmonary edema. In response to LTA challenge, treatment with costunolide resulted less iNOS expression and produced less inflammatory cytokines in bone marrow derived macrophages (BMDMs)...
June 12, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Dong Li, Tara L Wenger, Christoph Seiler, Michael E March, Alvaro Gutierrez-Uzquiza, Charlly Kao, Elizabeth Bhoj, Lifeng Tian, Misha Rosenbach, Yichuan Liu, Nora Robinson, Mechenzie Behr, Rosetta Chiavacci, Cuiping Hou, Tiancheng Wang, Marina Bakay, Renata Pellegrino da Silva, Jonathan A Perkins, Patrick Sleiman, Michael A Levine, Patricia J Hicks, Maxim Itkin, Yoav Dori, Hakon Hakonarson
Central conducting lymphatic anomaly (CCLA) is one of the complex lymphatic anomalies characterized by dilated lymphatic channels, lymphatic channel dysmotility, and distal obstruction affecting lymphatic drainage. We performed whole exome sequencing (WES) of DNA from a four-generation pedigree and examined the consequences of the variant by transfection of mammalian cells and morpholino and rescue studies in zebrafish. WES revealed a heterozygous mutation in EPHB4 (RefSeq NM_004444.4; c.2334 + 1G>C) and RNA-Seq demonstrated that the EPHB4 mutation destroys the normal donor site, which leads to the use of a cryptic splice donor that results in retention of the intervening 12-bp intron sequence...
June 14, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
Laura Hüser, Sachindra, Karol Granados, Aniello Federico, Lionel Larribère, Daniel Novak, Viktor Umansky, Peter Altevogt, Jochen Utikal
Melanoma is often characterized by a constitutively active RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK pathway. For targeted therapy, BRAF inhibitors are available that are powerful in the beginning but resistance occurs rather fast. A better understanding of the mechanisms of resistance is urgently needed to increase the success of the treatment. Here, we observed that SOX2 and CD24 are upregulated upon BRAF inhibitor treatment. A similar upregulation was seen in targeted therapy-resistant, melanoma-derived induced pluripotent cancer cells (iPCCs)...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
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