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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543279/role-of-ampa-receptors-in-homocysteine-nmdar-induced-crosstalk-between-erk-and-p38-map-kinase
#1
Ranjana Poddar, Alexandria Chen, Lucas Winter, Sathyanarayanan Rajagopal, Surojit Paul
Homocysteine, a metabolite of the methionine cycle has been reported to play a role in neurotoxicity through activation of NMDAR-mediated signaling pathway. The proposed mechanisms associated with homocysteine-NMDAR induced neurotoxicity involve a unique signaling pathway that triggers a crosstalk between ERK and p38 MAPKs, where activation of p38 MAPK is downstream of and dependent on ERK MAPK. However, the molecular basis of the ERK MAPK mediated p38 MAPK activation is not understood. The current study investigates whether AMPARs play a role in facilitating the ERK MAPK mediated p38 MAPK activation...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542650/interdependence-of-jak-stat-and-mapk-signaling-pathways-during-egf-mediated-htr-8-svneo-cell-invasion
#2
Ankita Malik, Rahul Pal, Satish Kumar Gupta
Invasion of trophoblast cells is spatio-temporally regulated by various cytokines and growth factors. In pregnancy, complications like preeclampsia, shallow invasion of trophoblast cells and low amounts of epidermal growth factor (EGF) have been reported. In the present study, regulatory mechanisms associated with EGF-mediated invasion in HTR-8/SVneo trophoblastic cells have been delineated. Treatment of HTR-8/SVneo cells with EGF (10 ng/ml) led to eight fold increase (p < 0.05) in invasion. Increased invasion of HTR-8/SVneo cells by EGF was associated with an increase in phosphorylation of ERK½...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542135/furanodienone-induces-g0-g1-arrest-and-causes-apoptosis-via-the-ros-mapks-mediated-caspase-dependent-pathway-in-human-colorectal-cancer-cells-a-study-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#3
Ying Jiang, Xiaoqin Wang, Daode Hu
Furanodienone, a major bioactive constituents of sesquiterpene derived from Rhizoma Curcumae, has been proven to possess the potent anticancer efficacy on human breast cancer cells. Here, we investigated the cytotoxicity of furanodienone on human colorectal carcinoma cell lines in vitro and in vivo, as well as its underlying molecular mechanisms in the induction of apoptosis. In this study, we found that furanodienone significantly inhibited proliferation of RKO and HT-29 cells, induced mitochondrial dysfunction characterized by collapse of mitochondrial transmembrane potential and reduction of ATP level, and promoted the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that functions upstream of caspase-dependent apoptosis...
May 25, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539825/effects-of-c-reactive-protein-on-the-expression-of-matrix-metalloproteinases-and-their-inhibitors-via-fc%C3%AE-receptors-on-3t3-l1-adipocytes
#4
Kumiko Nakai, Hideki Tanaka, Kazuhiro Yamanaka, Yumi Takahashi, Fumiko Murakami, Rieko Matsuike, Jumpei Sekino, Natsuko Tanabe, Toyoko Morita, Yoji Yamazaki, Takayuki Kawato, Masao Maeno
The association between obesity and inflammation is well documented in epidemiological studies. Proteolysis of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins is involved in adipose tissue enlargement, and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) collectively cleave all ECM proteins. Here, we examined the effects of C-reactive protein (CRP), an inflammatory biomarker, on the expression of MMPs and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs), which are natural inhibitors of MMPs, in adipocyte-differentiated 3T3-L1 cells. We analyzed the expression of Fcγ receptor (FcγR) IIb and FcγRIII, which are candidates for CRP receptors, and the effects of anti-CD16/CD32 antibodies, which can act as FcγRII and FcγRIII blockers on CRP-induced alteration of MMP and TIMP expression...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539710/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-kotmin13-a-mixed-herbal-medicine-in-lps-stimulated-raw-264-7-cells-and-mouse-edema-models
#5
Eujin Lee, Sun-Gun Kim, Na-Young Park, Hyo-Hyun Park, Kyu-Tae Jeong, Jongkeun Choi, In-Hae Lee, Hwadong Lee, Eunkyung Lee
BACKGROUND: A Korean herbal medicine, KOTMIN13, composed of Inula japonica Thunberg, Trichosanthes kirilowii Maximowicz var. japonica kitamura, Peucedanum praeruptorum Dunn, and Allium macrostemon Bge, has been used for anti-allergic and anti-asthmatic treatment in oriental clinics, but its activity has not been investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of KOTMIN13 for in vitro study, LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells were used to induce the production and expression of inflammatory mediators and its mechanisms...
April 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537913/interaction-of-microrna-21-145-and-smad3-domain-specific-phosphorylation-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#6
Ji Yu Wang, Meng Fang, Alex Boye, Chao Wu, Jia Jun Wu, Ying Ma, Shu Hou, Yue Kan, Yan Yang
MicroRNAs 21 and 145 exhibit inverse expression in Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but how they relate to Smad3 C-terminal and Link region phosphorylation (pSmad3C and pSmad3L) downstream of TGF-β/MAPK signaling, remains inconclusive. Our results suggest microRNA-145 targets Smad3 in HepG2 cells. Decreased tumor volume and increased apoptosis were produced in both microRNA-21 antagomir and microRNA-145 agomir groups compared to controls. Inhibition of TβRI and MAPK (ERK, JNK, and p38) activation respectively produced decreased microRNA-21 but increased microRNA-145 expression...
May 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537241/-fibroblast-growth-factor-receptor-1-propagates-estrogen-and-fluid-shear-stress-driven-proliferation-and-differentiation-response-in-mc3t3-e1-cells
#7
J Y Li, S G Liu, G N Xiao, M Y Mao, X W Zhang, H Q Sun
Fluid shear stress (FSS) and estrogen exposure positively regulate bone metabolism. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) plays a vital role in FSS-induced osteogenesis. An in vitro experiment with MC3T3-E1 cells combined with microarray analysis aided us in identification of the genes differentially expressed in response to FSS and highlighted the role of FGFR1 in this process. Both estrogen exposure and FSS increase methyl thiazol tetrazolium (MTT) values and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, as well as the levels of Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) and osteocalcin (OCN)...
March 2017: Molekuliarnaia Biologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536368/implications-of-a-multi-step-trigger-of-retinal-regeneration-in-the-adult-newt
#8
Hirofumi Yasumuro, Keisuke Sakurai, Fubito Toyama, Fumiaki Maruo, Chikafumi Chiba
The newt is an amazing four-limbed vertebrate that can regenerate various body parts including the retina. In this animal, when the neural retina (NR) is removed from the eye by surgery (retinectomy), both the NR and the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) eventually regenerate through the process of reprogramming and proliferation of RPE cells. Thus far, we have pursued the onset mechanism of adult newt retinal regeneration. In this study, using an in vitro system, we found that both mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) kinase (MEK)-ERK and β-catenin were involved in cell cycle re-entry of RPE cells...
May 20, 2017: Biomedicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536097/dynamic-regulation-of-vegf-inducible-genes-by-an-erk-erg-p300-transcriptional-network
#9
Jason E Fish, Manuel Cantu Gutierrez, Lan T Dang, Nadiya Khyzha, Zhiqi Chen, Shawn Veitch, Henry S Cheng, Melvin Khor, Lina Antounians, Makon-Sébastien Njock, Emilie Boudreau, Alexander M Herman, Alexander M Rhyner, Oscar E Ruiz, George T Eisenhoffer, Alejandra Medina-Rivera, Michael D Wilson, Joshua D Wythe
The transcriptional pathways activated downstream of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) signaling during angiogenesis remain incompletely characterized. By assessing the signals responsible for induction of the Notch ligand, Delta-Like 4 (DLL4) in endothelial cells we find that activation of the MAPK/ERK pathway mirrors the rapid and dynamic induction of DLL4 transcription and that this pathway is required for DLL4 expression. Furthermore, VEGF/ERK signaling induces phosphorylation and activation of the ETS transcription factor ERG, a prerequisite for DLL4 induction...
May 23, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535682/ctrp6-regulates-porcine-adipocyte-proliferation-and-differentiation-by-the-adipor1-mapk-signaling-pathway
#10
Wenjing Wu, Jin Zhang, Chen Zhao, Yunmei Sun, Pang Wei-Jun, Gongshe Yang
Intramuscular fat (IMF) and subcutaneous fat (SCF), which are modulated by adipogenesis of intramuscular and subcutaneous adipocytes, play key roles in pork quality. C1q/tumor necrosis factor-related protein 6 (CTRP6), an adipokine , plays an important role in the differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells. However, the effect and regulatory mechanisms of CTRP6 on porcine adipogenesis, and whether CTRP6 has the same effect on intramuscular and subcutaneous adipocytes are still unknown. Here, we found that CTRP6 significantly inhibited both adipocyte proliferation assessed by proliferative marker expression, but CTRP6 decreased the proliferation rate of intramuscular adipocytes (IM) to a greater extent than subcutaneous adipocytes (SC)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535510/heat-shock-protein-a12b-protects-vascular-endothelial-cells-against-sepsis-induced-acute-lung-injury-in-mice
#11
Yi Chen, Lei Wang, Qiuxiang Kang, Xu Zhang, Guifang Yu, Xiaojian Wan, Jiafeng Wang, Keming Zhu
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary endothelial injury is a critical process in the pathogenesis of acute lung injury (ALI) during sepsis. Heat shock protein A12B (HSPA12B) is mainly expressed in endothelial cells and protects against several harmful factors. However, the effects of HSPA12B in sepsis-induced ALI and its potential mechanisms of action remain unclear. METHODS: For in vivo experiments, C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into four groups (n=15): a sham operation group, a cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) group, a HSPA12B siRNA-CLP group and a negative control (NC) siRNA-CLP group...
May 25, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534957/grape-seed-proanthocyanidin-inhibits-inflammatory-responses-in-hepatic-stellate-cells-by-modulating-the-mapk-akt-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathways
#12
Jin-Woo Lee, Young Il Kim, Youngchul Kim, Minji Choi, Seoyeon Min, Yong Hoon Joo, Sung-Vin Yim, Namhyun Chung
In the present study, we aimed to investigate the molecular mechanisms and prophylactic effects of grape seed proanthocyanidin (GSP) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated human hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). Cell counting and MTT assays were used to assess cell viability in the absence or presence of GSP. Reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was performed for several inflammation-related genes (NOD1, NOD2, TLR2, TLR4, IL-1 β, IL-6, IL-8, iNOS and COX-2). The expression of anti-inflammatory cell signaling molecules, including c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), p38, extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK), Akt, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), inhibitory-κBα (IκBα), iNOS and COX-2, was evaluated by western blot analysis...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532828/expression-of-apelin-and-apelin-receptor-apj-in-porcine-ovarian-follicles-and-in%C3%A2-vitro-effect-of-apelin-on-steroidogenesis-and-proliferation-through-apj-activation-and-different-signaling-pathways
#13
A Rak, E Drwal, Ch Rame, K Knapczyk-Stwora, M Słomczyńska, J Dupont, E L Gregoraszczuk
Apelin was thought to be an adipocyte-specific hormone, but recent studies indicate a link between apelin and female reproductive function. Using real-time PCR, immunoblotting, immunohistochemistry and ELISA, we demonstrated expression of apelin and its receptor (APJ) in ovarian follicles of different sizes from mature pigs. Apelin concentration in the follicular fluid, and expression of both apelin and APJ, increased with follicular growth; greatest values were found in large follicles. Immunohistochemistry revealed the positive staining for apelin and APJ in membranes of granulosa, than theca cells...
July 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529129/estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-36-is-involved-in-icaritin-induced-growth-inhibition-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-cells
#14
Xue Wang, Nan Zheng, Jing Dong, Xuming Wang, Lijiang Liu, Jian Huang
A sub-class of ER-negative breast cancer that is negative for ER, PR and HER2 expression known as triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is highly malignant and lacks effective treatment. Recently, it has been reported that an isoform of estrogen receptor-alpha ER-α36 is expressed and plays a critical role in development of TNBC. ER-α36 forms a positive regulatory loop with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), which promotes malignant growth of TNBC cells. Thus, ER-α36 has been proposed as an important target for development of novel drugs for TNBC...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527849/role-of-piezo-channels-in-ultrasound-stimulated-dental-stem-cells
#15
Qianhua Gao, Paul R Cooper, A Damien Walmsley, Ben A Scheven
INTRODUCTION: Piezo1 and Piezo2 are mechanosensitive membrane ion channels. We hypothesized that Piezo proteins may play a role in transducing ultrasound-associated mechanical signals and activate downstream mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling processes in dental cells. In this study, the expression and role of Piezo channels were investigated in dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) and periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) after treatment with low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527416/ochratoxin-a-induces-nephrotoxicity-and-immunotoxicity-through-different-mapk-signaling-pathways-in-pk15-cells-and-porcine-primary-splenocytes
#16
Fang Gan, Yaojiao Zhou, Lili Hou, Gang Qian, Xingxiang Chen, Kehe Huang
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is reported to be a potent nephrotoxin and immunotoxin in animals and humans. However, the mechanisms underlying OTA toxicity have not been clearly determined until now. Toxicity of OTA and its mechanism was investigated in PK15 cells and in porcine primary splenocytes. The results showed that OTA at 2.0-8.0 μg/mL for 24 h induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner in PK 15 cells. OTA at 0.5-4.0 μg/mL for 24 h induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner in porcine primary splenocytes...
May 9, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527346/inhibitory-effects-of-2-oxo-2h-chromen-4-yl-4-methylbenzenesulfonate-on-allergic-inflammatory-responses-in-rat-basophilic-leukemia-cells
#17
Gaeun Yoo, Kooyeon Lee, Deug-Chan Lee
Mast cells play crucial roles in the initiation of allergic inflammatory responses by releasing various mediators such as histamines, cytokines, and leukotrienes. In addition, signaling cascade pathways, such as the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway, contribute to the regulation of mast cell degranulation. Accordingly, different research strategies have been pursued to develop anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic drugs by regulating these signaling pathways. The development of new drugs that inhibit mast cell degranulation may help in the treatment of allergies...
May 17, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526404/airborne-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-trigger-human-skin-cells-aging-through-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor
#18
Yuan Qiao, Qiang Li, Hong-Yang Du, Qiao-Wei Wang, Ye Huang, Wei Liu
Accumulating evidence suggests that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) which adsorbed on the surface of ambient air particulate matters (PM), are the major toxic compound to cause cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, even cancer. However, its detrimental effects on human skin cell remain unclear. Here, we demonstrated that SRM1649b, a reference urban dust material of PAH, triggers human skin cells aging through cell cycle arrest, cell growth inhibition and apoptosis. Principally, SRM1649b facilitated Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) translocated into nucleus, subsequently activated ERK/MAPK signaling pathway, and upregulated aging-related genes expression...
May 16, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526201/viral-exploitation-of-the-mek-erk-pathway-a-tale-of-vaccinia-virus-and-other-viruses
#19
REVIEW
Cláudio A Bonjardim
The VACV replication cycle is remarkable in the sense that it is performed entirely in the cytoplasmic compartment of vertebrate cells, due to its capability to encode enzymes required either for regulating the macromolecular precursor pool or the biosynthetic processes. Although remarkable, this gene repertoire is not sufficient to confer the status of a free-living microorganism to the virus, and, consequently, the virus relies heavily on the host to successfully generate its progeny. During the complex virus-host interaction, viruses must deal not only with the host pathways to accomplish their temporal demands but also with pathways that counteract viral infection, including the inflammatory, innate and acquired immune responses...
July 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525856/oleuropein-prevents-the-development-of-experimental-autoimmune-myocarditis-in-rats
#20
Jia-Ying Zhang, Zheng Yang, Kun Fang, Zhan-Li Shi, Dan-Hong Ren, Jing Sun
Oleuropein (OLE) is a natural secoiridoid that is derived from Olea europaea. OLE possesses cardioprotective effects in experimental models of hypertension, myocardial infarction, atherosclerosis and hyperlipidaemia. In the present study, the effects of OLE on experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) were evaluated. EAM in rats were induced by subcutaneous injections of porcine cardiac myosin. Cardiac function parameters, myocardial pathology, myocardial inflammatory cell infiltration and nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) expression were measured...
May 16, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
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