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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775945/greenhouse-gas-emissions-reduction-in-different-economic-sectors-mitigation-measures-health-co-benefits-knowledge-gaps-and-policy-implications
#1
REVIEW
Jinghong Gao, Hongli Hou, Yunkai Zhai, Alistair Woodward, Sotiris Vardoulakis, Sari Kovats, Paul Wilkinson, Liping Li, Xiaoqin Song, Lei Xu, Bohan Meng, Xiaobo Liu, Jun Wang, Jie Zhao, Qiyong Liu
To date, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, mitigation strategies and the accompanying health co-benefits in different economic sectors have not been fully investigated. The purpose of this paper is to review comprehensively the evidence on GHG mitigation measures and the related health co-benefits, identify knowledge gaps, and provide recommendations to promote further development and implementation of climate change response policies. Evidence on GHG emissions, abatement measures and related health co-benefits has been observed at regional, national and global levels, involving both low- and high-income societies...
May 15, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774329/syntheses-and-studies-of-electron-energy-transfer-of-new-dyads-based-on-an-unsymmetrical-perylene-diimide-incorporating-chelating-1-10-phenanthroline-and-its-corresponding-square-planar-complexes-with-dichloroplatinum-ii-and-dichloropalladium-ii
#2
Sebile Işık Büyükekşi, Ahmet Karatay, Nursel Acar, Betül Küçüköz, Ayhan Elmali, Abdurrahman Şengül
Perylene diimides (PDIs) are among the most versatile and functional dyes for supramolecular structures displaying characteristic high absorptions and photo-luminescence properties as the prerequisite for optoelectronic thin film devices. Despite intense investigations into these semi-conducting and electro-active materials, details of their electronic structure are still under examination. In particular, non-planar twisted PDIs as an electron acceptor is a promising model system for efficient charge generation and transport processes...
May 18, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774041/report-on-the-current-inventory-of-the-toolbox-for-plant-cell-wall-analysis-proteinaceous-and-small-molecular-probes
#3
REVIEW
Maja G Rydahl, Aleksander R Hansen, Stjepan K Kračun, Jozef Mravec
Plant cell walls are highly complex structures composed of diverse classes of polysaccharides, proteoglycans, and polyphenolics, which have numerous roles throughout the life of a plant. Significant research efforts aim to understand the biology of this cellular organelle and to facilitate cell-wall-based industrial applications. To accomplish this, researchers need to be provided with a variety of sensitive and specific detection methods for separate cell wall components, and their various molecular characteristics in vitro as well as in situ ...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772904/why-cvd-grown-mos2-samples-outperform-pvd-samples-time-domain-ab-initio-analysis
#4
Linqiu Li, Run Long, Oleg V Prezhdo
Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have drawn strong attention due to their unique properties and diverse applications. However, TMD performance depends strongly on material quality and defect morphology. Experiments show that samples grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) outperform those obtained by physical vapor deposition (PVD). Experiments also show that CVD samples exhibit vacancy defects, while antisite defects are frequently observed in PVD samples. Our time-domain ab initio study demonstrates that both antisites and vacancies accelerate trapping and nonradiative recombination of charge carriers, but antisites are much more detrimental than vacancies...
May 18, 2018: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772397/grandmother-and-health-care-professional-breastfeeding-perspectives-provide-opportunities-for-health-promotion-in-an-american-indian-community
#5
Bailey Houghtaling, Carmen Byker Shanks, Selena Ahmed, Elizabeth Rink
RATIONALE: While breastfeeding is well recognized as beneficial, rates of breastfeeding among American Indian women are below average and contribute to health inequities. Culturally specific approaches to breastfeeding research are called for to inform appropriate interventions in American Indian communities. Specifically, a grandmother's role in breastfeeding promotion is of great import particularly in American Indian (AI) groups, although is an understudied topic to date. OBJECTIVE: This research seeks to fill a prominent literature gap by utilizing a grounded theory and community-based research approach to inform breastfeeding practices from the voices of grandmothers and health care professionals in a rural AI community in the United States...
May 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772357/modelling-the-dorsal-root-ganglia-using-human-pluripotent-stem-cells-a-platform-to-study-peripheral-neuropathies
#6
Serena Viventi, Mirella Dottori
Sensory neurons of the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) are the primary responders to stimuli inducing feelings of touch, pain, temperature, vibration, pressure and muscle tension. They consist of multiple subpopulations based on their morphology, molecular and functional properties. Our understanding of DRG sensory neurons has been predominantly driven by rodent studies and using transformed cell lines, whereas less is known about human sensory DRG neurons simply because of limited availability of human tissue. Although these previous studies have been fundamental for our understanding of the sensory system, it is imperative to profile human DRG subpopulations as it is becoming evident that human sensory neurons do not share the identical molecular and functional properties found in other species...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772011/induction-of-influenza-specific-local-cd8-t-cells-in-the-respiratory-tract-after-aerosol-delivery-of-vaccine-antigen-or-virus-in-the-babraham-inbred-pig
#7
Katie Tungatt, Garry Dolton, Sophie B Morgan, Meriem Attaf, Anna Fuller, Thomas Whalley, Johanneke D Hemmink, Emily Porter, Barbara Szomolay, Maria Montoya, John A Hammond, John J Miles, David K Cole, Alain Townsend, Mick Bailey, Pierre J Rizkallah, Bryan Charleston, Elma Tchilian, Andrew K Sewell
There is increasing evidence that induction of local immune responses is a key component of effective vaccines. For respiratory pathogens, for example tuberculosis and influenza, aerosol delivery is being actively explored as a method to administer vaccine antigens. Current animal models used to study respiratory pathogens suffer from anatomical disparity with humans. The pig is a natural and important host of influenza viruses and is physiologically more comparable to humans than other animal models in terms of size, respiratory tract biology and volume...
May 2018: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771108/realizing-long-term-stability-and-thickness-control-of-black-phosphorus-by-ambient-thermal-treatment
#8
Min-Hye Jeong, Dohyun Kwak, Hyun-Soo Ra, A-Young Lee, Jong-Soo Lee
Few-layer black phosphorus has shown great potential for next-generation electronics with tunable band gap and high carrier mobility. For the electronic applications, the thickness modulation of a BP flake is an essential due to its thickness-dependent electronic properties. However, controlling the precise thickness of few-layer BP is a challenge for the high-performance device applications. In this study, we demonstrate that thermal treatment under ambient condition precisely controls the thickness of BP flake...
May 17, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770210/identification-of-publicly-available-data-sources-to-inform-the-conduct-of-health-technology-assessment-in-india
#9
Laura Downey, Neethi Rao, Lorna Guinness, Miqdad Asaria, Shankar Prinja, Anju Sinha, Rajni Kant, Arvind Pandey, Francoise Cluzeau, Kalipso Chalkidou
Background: Health technology assessment (HTA) provides a globally-accepted and structured approach to synthesising evidence for cost and clinical effectiveness alongside ethical and equity considerations to inform evidence-based priorities. India is one of the most recent countries to formally commit to institutionalising HTA as an integral component of the heath resource allocation decision-making process. The effective conduct of HTA depends on the availability of reliable data.   Methods : We draw from our experience of collecting, synthesizing, and analysing health-related datasets in India and internationally, to highlight the complex requirements for undertaking HTA, and explore the availability of such data in India...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770051/agriculture-and-agri-food-canada-s-research-program-on-antimicrobial-resistance
#10
E Topp
A key strategy for attenuating the development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is ensuring judicious use of antimicrobials in human and veterinary medicine and in agriculture. Research on AMR in agriculture includes risk assessment, risk management, and identifying the role of agricultural practices in development of AMR. Risk assessment includes an impact assessment of antimicrobial use in livestock and on the environment; for example, many antimicrobials are excreted unchanged and thus reach the environment through manure application...
November 2, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769585/simple-analytical-model-of-the-effect-of-high-pressure-on-the-critical-temperature-and-other-thermodynamic-properties-of-superconductors
#11
Mateusz Krzyzosiak, Ryszard Gonczarek, Adam Gonczarek, Lucjan Jacak
Within the general conformal transformation method a simplified analytical model is proposed to study the effect of external hydrostatic pressure on low- and high-temperature superconducting systems. A single fluctuation in the density of states, placed away from the Fermi level, as well as external pressure are included in the model to derive equations for the superconducting gap, free energy difference, and specific heat difference. The zero- and sub-critical temperature limits are discussed by the method of successive approximations...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769171/an-internet-resource-for-self-assessment-of-mental-health-and-health-behavior-development-and-implementation-of-the-self-assessment-kiosk
#12
Robert G Maunder, Jonathan J Hunter
BACKGROUND: Standardized measurement of physical and mental health is useful for identification of health problems. Personalized feedback of the results can influence health behavior, and treatment outcomes can be improved by monitoring feedback over time. However, few resources are available that are free for users, provide feedback from validated measurement instruments, and measure a wide range of health domains. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop an internet self-assessment resource that fills the identified gap and collects data to generate and test hypotheses about health, to test its feasibility, and to describe the characteristics of its users...
May 16, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769102/securitizing-hiv-aids-a-game-changer-in-state-societal-relations-in-china
#13
Catherine Yuk-Ping Lo
BACKGROUND: China has experienced unprecedented economic growth since the 1980s. Despite this impressive economic development, this growth exists side by side with the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) crises and the persisting deficiencies in public health provision in China. Acknowledging the prevailing health problems, the Chinese government has encouraged the development of health non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to respond to the health challenges and address the gaps in public health provision of the government...
May 16, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767772/illicit-cigarette-trade-in-five-south-american-countries-a-gap-analysis-for-argentina-brazil-chile-colombia-and-peru
#14
Guillermo Paraje
Introduction: Due to its nature, it is very hard to measure tobacco illicit trade in any product. In the case of Latin American countries, there is scant information on the magnitude and characteristics of this trade in the case of cigarettes. The goal of this article is to provide estimates on the evolution of the illicit cigarette trade in five South American countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Peru. Methods: Gap analysis estimates for cigarette tax evasion/avoidance (a comparison on the evolution of the difference between registered cigarette sales and measured population consumption) is developed for Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Peru...
May 15, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767520/enhanced-oxidative-and-adsorptive-removal-of-diclofenac-in-heterogeneous-fenton-like-reaction-with-sulfide-modified-nanoscale-zerovalent-iron
#15
Yiming Su, David Jassby, Shikun Song, Xuefei Zhou, Hongying Zhao, Jan Filip, Eleni Petala, Yalei Zhang
Sulfidation of nanoscale zerovalent iron (nZVI) has shown some fundamental improvements on reactivity and selectivity towards pollutants in dissolved oxygen (DO) stimulated Fenton-like reaction systems (DO/S-nZVI system). However, the pristine micro-structure of sulfide modified nanoscale zerovalent iron (S-nZVI) remains uncovered. In addition, the relationship between pollutant removal and the oxidation of the S-nZVI is largely unknown. The present study confirms that sulfidation not only imparts sulfide and sulfate groups onto the surface of the nanoparticle (both on the oxide shell and on flake-like structures), but also introduces sulfur into the Fe(0) core region...
May 16, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767371/analysis-of-chip-seq-and-rna-seq-data-with-biowardrobe
#16
Sushmitha Vallabh, Andrey V Kartashov, Artem Barski
The massive amount of information produced by ChIP-Seq, RNA-Seq, and other next-generation sequencing-based methods requires computational data analysis. However, biologists performing these experiments often lack training in bioinformatics. BioWardrobe aims to bridge this gap by providing a convenient user interface and by automating routine data-processing steps. This protocol details the use of BioWardrobe for identifying and visualizing ChIP-Seq peaks, calculating RPKMs, performing differential binding or gene expression analysis, and creating plots and heat maps...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766430/solid-waste-management-of-small-island-developing-states-the-case-of-the-seychelles-a-systemic-and-collaborative-study-of-swiss-and-seychellois-students-to-support-policy
#17
Grégoire Meylan, Adelene Lai, John Hensley, Michael Stauffacher, Pius Krütli
Solid waste management (SWM) is a significant challenge for the Seychelles. Waste generation, fueled by economic development and tourism, increases steadily, while landfilling continues to be the main disposal path, thus exacerbating the island nation's specific weaknesses. Due to the small scale of the Seychelles economy, there is little capital available to stimulate innovations in SWM and generate the knowledge for setting priorities and guiding SWM action. Students from ETH Zurich and UniSey conducted a transdisciplinary case study (tdCS) to fill this knowledge gap and gain insights into the obstacles and opportunities related to sustainable SWM...
May 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766038/frontal-eye-field-inactivation-reduces-saccade-preparation-in-the-superior-colliculus-but-does-not-alter-how-preparatory-activity-relates-to-saccades-of-a-given-latency
#18
Suryadeep Dash, Tyler R Peel, Stephen G Lomber, Brian D Corneil
A neural correlate for saccadic reaction times (SRTs) in the gap saccade task is the level of low-frequency activity in the intermediate layers of the superior colliculus (iSC) just before visual target onset: greater levels of such preparatory iSC low-frequency activity precede shorter SRTs. The frontal eye fields (FEFs) are one likely source of iSC preparatory activity, since FEF preparatory activity is also inversely related to SRT. To better understand the FEF's role in saccade preparation, and the way in which such preparation relates to SRT, in two male rhesus monkeys, we compared iSC preparatory activity across unilateral reversible cryogenic inactivation of the FEF...
March 2018: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765363/subtle-differences-in-symbiont-cell-surface-glycan-profiles-do-not-explain-species-specific-colonization-rates-in-a-model-cnidarian-algal-symbiosis
#19
John E Parkinson, Trevor R Tivey, Paige E Mandelare, Donovon A Adpressa, Sandra Loesgen, Virginia M Weis
Mutualisms between cnidarian hosts and dinoflagellate endosymbionts are foundational to coral reef ecosystems. These symbioses are often re-established every generation with high specificity, but gaps remain in our understanding of the cellular mechanisms that control symbiont recognition and uptake dynamics. Here, we tested whether differences in glycan profiles among different symbiont species account for the different rates at which they initially colonize aposymbiotic polyps of the model sea anemone Aiptasia ( Exaiptasia pallida )...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764801/assessing-unmet-information-needs-of-breast-cancer-survivors-exploratory-study-of-online-health-forums-using-text-classification-and-retrieval
#20
Susan McRoy, Majid Rastegar-Mojarad, Yanshan Wang, Kathryn J Ruddy, Tufia C Haddad, Hongfang Liu
BACKGROUND: Patient education materials given to breast cancer survivors may not be a good fit for their information needs. Needs may change over time, be forgotten, or be misreported, for a variety of reasons. An automated content analysis of survivors' postings to online health forums can identify expressed information needs over a span of time and be repeated regularly at low cost. Identifying these unmet needs can guide improvements to existing education materials and the creation of new resources...
May 15, 2018: JMIR Cancer
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