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Nursing generation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238586/developing-a-minimum-dataset-for-nursing-team-leader-handover-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-focus-group-study
#1
Amy J Spooner, Leanne M Aitken, Amanda Corley, Wendy Chaboyer
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing demand for structured processes to guide clinical handover, nursing handover tools are limited in the intensive care unit. OBJECTIVES: The study aim was to identify key items to include in a minimum dataset for intensive care nursing team leader shift-to-shift handover. METHODS: This focus group study was conducted in a 21-bed medical/surgical intensive care unit in Australia. Senior registered nurses involved in team leader handovers were recruited...
February 23, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238276/the-predictive-value-of-an-adjusted-copd-assessment-test-score-on-the-risk-of-respiratory-related-hospitalizations-in-severe-copd-patients
#2
Joanne M Sloots, Christopher A Barton, Julie Buckman, Katherine L Bassett, Job van der Palen, Peter A Frith, Tanja W Effing
We evaluated whether a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) assessment test (CAT) with adjusted weights for the CAT items could better predict future respiratory-related hospitalizations than the original CAT. Two focus groups (respiratory nurses and physicians) generated two adjusted CAT algorithms. Two multivariate logistic regression models for infrequent (≤1/year) versus frequent (>1/year) future respiratory-related hospitalizations were defined: one with the adjusted CAT score that correlated best with future hospitalizations and one with the original CAT score...
February 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238102/prevalence-of-drug-interactions-in-elderly-patients-with-multimorbidity-in-primary-care
#3
Susana Sánchez-Fidalgo, Maria Isabel Guzmán-Ramos, Mercedes Galván-Banqueri, Máximo Bernabeu-Wittel, Bernardo Santos-Ramos
Background Drug interactions (DIs) are a significant cause of medication-related problems. The aging population, high chronic diseases prevalence and polypharmacy are closely associated factors. Aim of the review To study the prevalence, types and associated factors of DIs in multimorbidity patients of over 65 years of age in primary care. Methods Relevant studies on DI prevalence in this population were reviewed in PubMed, Cochrane Library and EMBASE (January 2000-December 2015). Independent variables (duration, target population, age, sex, mean of drugs and diseases, geographical localization, DI databases used and study designs) and dependent variables (prevalence, number of DIs per 100 patients and per patient, number of clinically-relevant DIs per 100 patients, most common DI and associated factors) were classified for each article...
February 25, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227235/split-belt-controllable-treadmill-with-differential-velocity-based-fall-stimulation-and-motion-analysis
#4
Yasutaka Nakashima, Hiroki Noutsuka, Takanori Fukui, Motoji Yamamoto, Yasutaka Nakashima, Hiroki Noutsuka, Takanori Fukui, Motoji Yamamoto, Takanori Fukui, Hiroki Noutsuka, Yasutaka Nakashima, Motoji Yamamoto
Amid trends toward aging populations in developed nations, the number of people requiring nursing care has increased markedly. Slips and falls during ordinary daily activities are a common cause of fractured bones and muscle injury. Several studies have analyzed the movements produced by artificially generated slip and fall stimuli, but few have investigated these stimuli. We analyzed lower-limb motion following a slip and fall stimulus produced using a pulled free-walking system consisting of a controllable split-belt treadmill, where a speed difference between the belts could be applied to produce a slipping motion...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223372/perspectives-of-low-socioeconomic-status-mothers-of-premature-infants
#5
Elizabeth Enlow, Laura J Faherty, Sara Wallace-Keeshen, Ashley E Martin, Judy A Shea, Scott A Lorch
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Transitioning premature infants from the NICU to home is a high-risk period with potential for compromised care. Parental stress is high, and families of low socioeconomic status may face additional challenges. Home visiting programs have been used to help this transition, with mixed success. We sought to understand the experiences of at-risk families during this transition to inform interventions. METHODS: Mothers of infants born at <35 weeks' gestation, meeting low socioeconomic status criteria, were interviewed by telephone 30 days after discharge to assess caregiver experiences of discharge and perceptions of home visitors (HVs)...
February 21, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223153/evaluations-of-implementation-at-early-adopting-lung-cancer-screening-programs-lessons-learned
#6
Yaron B Gesthalter, Elisa Koppelman, Rendelle Bolton, Christopher G Slatore, Sue H Yoon, Hilary C Cain, Nichole T Tanner, David H Au, Jack A Clark, Renda Soylemez Wiener
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend lung cancer screening and it is currently being adopted nationwide. The American College of Chest Physicians advises inclusion of specific programmatic components to ensure high-quality screening. However, little is known about how lung cancer screening has been implemented in practice. We sought to evaluate the experience of early-adopting programs, characterize barriers faced, and identify strategies to achieve successful implementation. METHODS: We performed qualitative evaluations of lung cancer screening implementation at three Veterans Health Administration facilities, conducting semi-structured interviews with key staff (n=29)...
February 18, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219961/protocol-for-the-development-of-a-core-domain-set-for-hidradenitis-suppurativa-trial-outcomes
#7
Linnea Thorlacius, John R Ingram, Amit Garg, Bente Villumsen, Solveig Esmann, Joslyn S Kirby, Alice B Gottlieb, Joseph F Merola, Robert Dellavalle, Robin Christensen, Gregor B E Jemec
INTRODUCTION: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) should have well-defined primary and secondary outcomes to answer questions generated by the main hypotheses. However, for the chronic, inflammatory skin disease hidradenitis suppurativa (HS), the reported outcome measures are numerous and diverse. A recent systematic review found a total of 30 outcome measure instruments in 12 RCTs. This use of a broad range of outcome measures can increase difficulties in interpretation and comparison of results and may potentially obstruct appropriate evidence synthesis by causing reporting bias...
February 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214665/when-are-night-shifts-effective-for-nursing-student-clinical-learning-findings-from-a-mixed-method-study-design
#8
Alvisa Palese, Felix Basso, Elena Del Negro, Illarj Achil, Annamaria Ferraresi, Marzia Morandini, Renzo Moreale, Irene Mansutti
BACKGROUND: Some nursing programmes offer night shifts for students while others do not, mainly due to the lack of evidence regarding their effectiveness on clinical learning. OBJECTIVES: The principal aims of the study were to describe nursing students' perceptions and to explore conditions influencing effectiveness on learning processes during night shifts. DESIGN: An explanatory mixed-method study design composed of a cross-sectional study (primary method, first phase) followed by a descriptive phenomenological study design (secondary method, second phase) in 2015...
February 11, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212400/surveys-of-public-knowledge-and-attitudes-with-regard-to-antibiotics-in-poland-did-the-european-antibiotic-awareness-day-campaigns-change-attitudes
#9
Beata Mazińska, Izabela Strużycka, Waleria Hryniewicz
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is a global public health problem. Monitoring the level of knowledge regarding antibiotics is a part of the European Union Community strategy against antimicrobial resistance. OBJECTIVE: To assess knowledge by the general public in Poland regarding antibiotics, AMR, and the impact of the European Antibiotic Awareness Day campaigns. METHODS: The repeated cross-sectional study was developed and carried out among the general public in Poland (in 5 waves between 2009 and 2011, embracing a total of 5004 respondents)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212142/honoring-motherhood-the-meaning-of-childbirth-for-tongan-women
#10
Shelly J Reed, Lynn Clark Callister, ʼAna Kavaefiafi, Cheryl Corbett, Debra Edmunds
PURPOSE: The purpose of this ethnographic study was to describe the meaning of childbirth for Tongan women. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In this qualitative descriptive study, 38 Tongan women, 18 from Tonga and 20 from the United States, who had given birth in the past year were invited to share their perceptions of childbirth. Themes were generated collaboratively by the research team. FINDINGS: The overarching theme was honoring motherhood, with other themes including using strength to facilitate an unmedicated vaginal birth, describing the spiritual dimensions of birth, adhering to cultural practices associated with childbearing, and the influence of the concept of respect on childbearing...
February 16, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211101/dental-status-as-a-predictor-of-mortality-among-nursing-facility-residents-in-eastern-iowa
#11
Daniel J Caplan, Tariq S Ghazal, Howard J Cowen, Deise C Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate dental status (ie, number of teeth and presence of removable dental prostheses) as a predictor of all-cause mortality among nursing facility residents. BACKGROUND: Edentulism has been associated with poorer health outcomes in geriatric populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2006 and June 2008, oral health screening examinations were completed for 584 residents of 10 nursing facilities in four eastern Iowa counties...
February 16, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210359/intentional-recreational-abuse-of-quetiapine-compared-to-other-second-generation-antipsychotics
#12
Lauren Klein, Stacey Bangh, Jon B Cole
INTRODUCTION: Case reports and poison center data have demonstrated that the second-generation antipsychotic quetiapine is being obtained and used for recreational abuse. The purpose of this study was to describe the relative rates of single-substance abuse for different atypical antipsychotics and compare their demographic and clinical features. METHODS: We conducted a 10-year retrospective analysis of the National Poison Data System (NPDS) database (2003 - 2013)...
February 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202047/health-workforce-metrics-pre-and-post-2015-a-stimulus-to-public-policy-and-planning
#13
Francisco Pozo-Martin, Andrea Nove, Sofia Castro Lopes, James Campbell, James Buchan, Gilles Dussault, Teena Kunjumen, Giorgio Cometto, Amani Siyam
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based health workforce policies are essential to ensure the provision of high-quality health services and to support the attainment of universal health coverage (UHC). This paper describes the main characteristics of available health workforce data for 74 of the 75 countries identified under the 'Countdown to 2015' initiative as accounting for more than 95% of the world's maternal, newborn and child deaths. It also discusses best practices in the development of health workforce metrics post-2015...
February 15, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196751/-hospital-emergencies-arising-from-nursing-homes-in-a-region-evolution-characteristics-and-appropriateness
#14
Inma Sánchez-Pérez, Nuri Comes Garcia, Lola Romero Piniella, Gemma Prats Martos, Gemma Arnau Bataller, Jordi Coderch
OBJECTIVE: Hospital emergencies (HE) arising from nursing homes (NH) are on the rise. We analyse the evolution, characteristics and appropriateness of HE of NH residents in a region, as well as resulting hospital admissions. METHOD: Retrospective descriptive study between 2010 and 2013 of institutionalised residents of 11 NH located in Baix Empordà (704 beds) and Palamós Hospital. VARIABLES: Gender, age, morbidity and relative weight according to clinical risk groups (CRG), NH, length of stay, diagnosis of the emergency, appropriateness of HE according to Bermejo's criteria and the HE appropriateness protocol (HEAP), and appropriateness of hospitalisations according to the Appropriateness Evaluation Protocol (AEP)...
February 10, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196578/establishing-a-measurement-tool-for-a-nursing-work-environment-in-taiwan
#15
Li-Chiu Lin, Huan-Fang Lee, Miaofen Yen
AIM: The nursing work environment is a critical global health care problem. Many health care providers are concerned about the associations between the nursing work environment and the outcomes of organizations, nurses, and patients. Nursing work environment instruments have been assessed in the West but have not been considered in Asia. However, different cultures will affect the factorial structure of the tool. Using a stratified nationwide random sample, we created a measurement tool for the nursing work environment in Taiwan...
February 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196576/care-coordination-from-a-strengths-perspective-a-practice-based-evidence-evaluation-of-evidence-based-practice
#16
Karen A Monsen, Catherine E Vanderboom, Kirstie S Olson, Mary E Larson, Diane E Holland
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It is critical to accurately represent strengths interventions to improve data and enable intervention effectiveness research from a strengths perspective. However, it is challenging to understand strengths interventions from the multiple perspectives of computerized knowledge representation, evidence-based practice guidelines, and practice-based evidence narratives. Intervention phrases abstracted from nurse care coordinator practice narratives described strengths interventions with community-dwelling elders...
February 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196552/sows-with-high-milk-production-had-both-a-high-feed-intake-and-high-body-mobilization
#17
A V Strathe, T S Bruun, C F Hansen
Selection for increased litter size have generated hyper-prolific sows that nurses large litters, however limited knowledge is available regarding the connection between milk production, feed intake and body mobilization of these modern sows. The aim of the current study was to determine what characterized sows with high milk production and nursing large litters, differences between sows of different parities and effects of lactational performance on next reproductive cycle. In total 565 sows (parity 1 to 4) were studied from 7 days before farrowing until weaning...
February 15, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194924/constructing-definitions-of-safety-risks-while-nurses-care-for-hospitalised-older-people-secondary-analysis-of-qualitative-data
#18
Sherry Dahlke, Wendy A Hall, Jennifer Baumbusch
AIM: The aim of this secondary qualitative descriptive analysis was to examine how nurses construct a definition of older peoples' safety risks and provide care while working within organisational contexts that are focused on diminishing patient risks. BACKGROUND: Numbers of older patients are increasing in acute hospital contexts-contexts that place their focus on patient safety. Nurses need to manage tensions between older peoples' risks, evidence-informed practice decisions, limited resources and organisational emphases on patient falls...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187718/an-education-programme-influencing-health-professionals-to-recommend-exercise-to-their-type-2-diabetes-patients-understanding-the-processes-a-case-study-from-oxfordshire-uk
#19
Anne Matthews, Natasha Jones, Alastair Thomas, Perdy van den Berg, Charlie Foster
BACKGROUND: Increasing levels of physical activity decreases the risk of premature mortality associated with chronic diseases e.g., coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke. Despite this, most adults in England do not meet physical activity guidelines. Physical activity advice and signposting offered to at-risk patients by primary care providers is recommended. However, exercise medicine education is sparse, leading to poor practitioner knowledge of the risk reduction evidence and strategies to implement effective patient behaviour change...
February 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186618/study-of-individualization-and-bias-in-nursing-home-fall-prevention-practices
#20
Cathleen S Colón-Emeric, Kirsten Corazzini, Eleanor McConnell, Wei Pan, Mark Toles, Rasheeda Hall, Melissa Batchelor-Murphy, Tracey L Yap, Amber L Anderson, Andrew Burd, Ruth A Anderson
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about how nursing home staff use resident characteristics to individualize care delivery or whether care is affected by implicit bias. DESIGN: Randomized factorial clinical vignette survey. SETTING: Sixteen nursing homes in North Carolina. PARTICIPANTS: Nursing, rehabilitation, and social services staff (n = 433). MEASUREMENTS: Vignettes describing hypothetical residents were generated from a matrix of clinical and demographic characteristics...
February 10, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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