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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340450/health-promotion-and-psychological-interventions-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Natalie Katrina Bradford, Raymond Javan Chan
BACKGROUND: The effects of cancer and treatment have severe and long lasting negative impacts on quality of life. Adolescents and Young Adults (AYA) have high survival rates but may not reach their full life potential because of these consequences. This review aims to identify, appraise and synthesise the effects of health promotion and psychological interventions for AYA after cancer treatment. METHODS: The review was undertaken using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines...
March 6, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340318/is-there-a-relationship-between-postural-alignment-and-mobility-for-adults-after-acquired-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#2
Simon J Mills, Michelle N McDonnell, Dominic Thewlis, Shylie Mackintosh
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between postural alignment and mobility skills for adults after acquired brain injury (ABI). METHODS: Systematic review of the literature. Seven electronic databases, grey literature and reference lists of the shortlisted publications were searched. Studies were included if participants were adults with ABI, both postural alignment and mobility were measured and analysis included a relationship between alignment and mobility...
March 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334801/a-systematic-review-of-the-physical-activity-assessment-tools-used-in-primary-care
#3
Toby O Smith, Máire C McKenna, Charlotte Salter, Wendy Hardeman, Kathryn Richardson, Melvyn Hillsdon, Carly A Hughes, Nicholas Steel, Andy P Jones
Background.: Primary care is an ideal setting for physical activity interventions to prevent and manage common long-term conditions. To identify those who can benefit from such interventions and to deliver tailored support, primary care professionals (e.g. GPs, practice nurses, physiotherapists, health care assistants) need reliable and valid tools to assess physical activity. However, there is uncertainty about the best-performing tool. Objective.: To identify the tools used in the literature to assess the physical activity in primary care and describe their psychometric properties...
February 21, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334056/intra-and-postoperative-complications-of-lateral-maxillary-sinus-augmentation-in-smokers-vs-nonsmokers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Samaneh Ghasemi, Akbar Fotouhi, Neda Moslemi, Zahra Chinipardaz, Jafar Kolahi, Mojgan Paknejad
PURPOSE: This meta-analysis and systematic review focused on the following question: Does tobacco smoking increase the risk of intra- or postoperative complications of lateral maxillary sinus floor elevation? MATERIALS AND METHODS: The following electronic databases were searched up to and including November 2015 without language restriction: CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Google Scholar, Scopus, Sirous, and Doaj. Studies were included if rates of intra-or postoperative complications of sinus floor elevation in smokers and nonsmokers were recorded separately...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328169/student-nurses-competence-in-sexual-health-care-a-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Emma Pascale Blakey, Helen Aveyard
AIM: The aim of this literature review is to explore the way in which sexual health care is perceived and experienced by students in clinical practice. BACKGROUND: Student nurses understand the need to learn about sexual health but report a variety of learning needs and experience challenges acquiring skills to deliver such care in part due to varied clinical experience. Furthermore, there is a paucity of data exploring clinical competence of sexual health care among student nurses...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327922/factors-influencing-the-reliability-of-the-glasgow-coma-scale-a-systematic-review
#6
Florence Cm Reith, Anneliese Synnot, Ruben van den Brande, Russell L Gruen, Andrew Ir Maas
BACKGROUND: The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) characterizes patients with diminished consciousness. In a recent systematic review, we found overall adequate reliability across different clinical settings, but reliability estimates varied considerably between studies, and methodological quality of studies was overall poor. Identifying and understanding factors that can affect its reliability is important, in order to promote high standards for clinical use of the GCS. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to identify factors that influence reliability and to provide an evidence base for promoting consistent and reliable application of the GCS...
March 15, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327203/an-appraisal-of-analytical-tools-used-in-predicting-clinical-outcomes-following-radiation-therapy-treatment-of-men-with-prostate-cancer-a-systematic-review
#7
Elspeth Raymond, Michael E O'Callaghan, Jared Campbell, Andrew D Vincent, Kerri Beckmann, David Roder, Sue Evans, John McNeil, Jeremy Millar, John Zalcberg, Martin Borg, Kim Moretti
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer can be treated with several different modalities, including radiation treatment. Various prognostic tools have been developed to aid decision making by providing estimates of the probability of different outcomes. Such tools have been demonstrated to have better prognostic accuracy than clinical judgment alone. METHODS: A systematic review was undertaken to identify papers relating to the prediction of clinical outcomes (biochemical failure, metastasis, survival) in patients with prostate cancer who received radiation treatment, with the particular aim of identifying whether published tools are adequately developed, validated, and provide accurate predictions...
March 21, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326821/understanding-self-harm-in-older-people-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#8
Anne Pamela Frances Wand, Carmelle Peisah, Brian Draper, Henry Brodaty
OBJECTIVE: Rates of suicide in older adults are generally higher than other age groups. Although risk factors for suicide attempts, and self-harm more generally, in this population are well-characterised, many of these vulnerabilities are common to older people and individual motivations are less well understood. Qualitative research may reveal more about the underlying thought processes, meaning and experiences of older people who self-harm. METHODS: A systematic review of qualitative studies examining the reasons why older people have self-harmed was undertaken by searching databases and screening the reference lists of articles...
March 22, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324806/social-networking-site-sns-use-by-adolescent-mothers-can-social-support-and-social-capital-be-enhanced-by-online-social-networks-a-structured-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Samantha Nolan, Joyce Hendricks, Sally Ferguson, Amanda Towell
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: to critically appraise the available literature and summarise the evidence relating to adolescent mothers' use of social networking sites in terms of any social support and social capital they may provide and to identify areas for future exploration. BACKGROUND: social networking sites have been demonstrated to provide social support to marginalised individuals and provide psycho-social benefits to members of such groups. Adolescent mothers are at risk of; social marginalisation; anxiety disorders and depressive symptoms; and poorer health and educational outcomes for their children...
March 7, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324284/nonoperative-management-or-watch-and-wait-for-rectal-cancer-with-complete-clinical-response-after-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy-a-critical-appraisal
#10
Tarik Sammour, Brandee A Price, Kate J Krause, George J Chang
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in nonoperative management (NOM) for rectal cancer with complete clinical response (cCR) after neoadjuvant chemoradiation (nCRT). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to summarize the available data on NOM, with the intention of formulating standardized protocols on which to base future investigations. METHODS: A systematic review following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines was conducted...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322025/prevalence-of-hearing-loss-and-clinical-otologic-manifestations-in-patients-with-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-a-literature-review
#11
Emmy Verheij, Laura S M Derks, Inge Stegeman, Henricus G X M Thomeer
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss and otitis media are frequently reported in patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: Our objective was to review the current literature on the prevalence of hearing loss and otologic manifestations in patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. TYPE OF REVIEW: Systematic review. SEARCH STRATEGY: We conducted a systematic search in PubMed and Embase combining the term '22q11...
March 21, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320362/early-dynamic-ultrasound-for-neonatal-hip-instability-implications-for-rural-australia
#12
Susan L Charlton, Adrian Schoo, Lucie Walters
BACKGROUND: Neonatal instability of the hip (NIH), where the femoral head can move away from the acetabulum, in the first weeks of life, is an important risk factor for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). In rural areas in Australia, there is a recent trend to increased late diagnosis of DDH. Clinical screening of infant hips, a common practice in Australia, is experience dependent. Best practice early screening techniques are still debated with different techniques and timing used internationally...
March 21, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320168/a-systematic-comparison-of-key-features-of-ischemic-stroke-prevention-guidelines-in-low-and-middle-income-vs-high-income-countries
#13
REVIEW
Hernán Bayona, Mayowa Owolabi, Wuwei Feng, Paul Olowoyo, Joseph Yaria, Rufus Akinyemi, James R Sawers, Bruce Ovbiagele
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Implementation of contextually appropriate, evidence-based, expert-recommended stroke prevention guideline is particularly important in Low-Income Countries (LMICs), which bear disproportional larger burden of stroke while possessing fewer resources. However, key quality characteristics of guidelines issued in LMICs compared with those in High-Income Countries (HICs) have not been systematically studied. We aimed to compare important features of stroke prevention guidelines issued in these groups...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319016/anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-kinetics-in-pregnancy-and-post-partum-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Sarah McCredie, William Ledger, Christos A Venetis
The aim of this systematic review is to critically appraise the available evidence regarding the kinetics of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) during pregnancy and post-partum. A systematic literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL, Scopus and Web of Science on 14 December 2015, aiming to identify studies providing data on the serum concentration of AMH in women at various stages of gestation and post-partum. There was a total of 1719 participants across eight studies. Seven out of the eight studies reported a decline in serum AMH concentration with advancing gestational age...
February 24, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318008/meta-analysis-of-prophylactic-abdominal-drainage-in-pancreatic-surgery
#15
REVIEW
F J Hüttner, P Probst, P Knebel, O Strobel, T Hackert, A Ulrich, M W Büchler, M K Diener
BACKGROUND: Intra-abdominal drains are frequently used after pancreatic surgery whereas their benefit in other gastrointestinal operations has been questioned. The objective of this meta-analysis was to compare abdominal drainage with no drainage after pancreatic surgery. METHODS: PubMed, the Cochrane Library and Web of Science electronic databases were searched systematically to identify RCTs comparing abdominal drainage with no drainage after pancreatic surgery...
March 20, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315178/a-systematic-review-of-measurement-properties-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-for-use-in-patients-with-foot-or-ankle-diseases
#16
Yuanxi Jia, Hsiaomin Huang, Joel J Gagnier
PURPOSE: To identify currently available patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) used in patients with foot or ankle diseases; and to critically appraise, compare and synthesize the psychometric evidence for the identified PROMs. METHODS: Literature searches were performed in Medline and EMBASE from their inception to January 25th, 2016. Methodological quality was evaluated using the COSMIN checklist. The final rating of the methodological quality of each study for each property was the lowest rating among the items within that property...
March 17, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304401/a-critical-appraisal-of-the-morphological-criteria-for-diagnosing-intestinal-neuronal-dysplasia-type-b
#17
Simone A Terra, Pedro L de Arruda Lourenção, Márcia G Silva, Hélio A Miot, Maria A M Rodrigues
Intestinal neuronal dysplasia type B is a controversial entity expressed by complex changes in the enteric nervous system. Diagnosis depends on rectal biopsy histopathology and diagnostic criteria, both qualitative and quantitative, have changed over time, hindering the diagnostic practice. We analyzed the morphological criteria for the histological diagnosis of intestinal neuronal dysplasia type B in a series of patients with intestinal neuronal dysplasia type B according to the 1990 Frankfurt Consensus criteria and verified the applicability of the numerical criteria proposed by Meier-Ruge et al in 2004 and 2006...
March 17, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304270/intervention-fidelity-in-interventions-an-integrative-literature-review
#18
Sarah Ibrahim, Souraya Sidani
BACKGROUND: Complex interventions are frequently used in health care by various providers. It is important for researchers and clinicians to monitor and assess intervention fidelity which refers to the degree to which an intervention is implemented as originally planned and intended to draw valid conclusions about whether the intervention produces the intended outcomes. PURPOSE: The authors undertook a review of the current literature of intervention fidelity, critically appraised the utility of the existing conceptual frameworks for intervention fidelity, and proposed an alternative framework for intervention fidelity and complex interventions...
August 1, 2016: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301800/indigenous-peoples-experiences-and-perceptions-of-hospitalisation-for-acute-care-a-metasynthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#19
REVIEW
Vainess Mbuzi, Paul Fulbrook, Melanie Jessup
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore Indigenous people's experiences and perceptions of hospitalisation and acute care. METHODS: Systematic procedures were used for the literature search covering the period from 2000 to 2016. Final search was conducted in early September 2016. Quality of the selected studies was assessed using the Critical Appraisal Skills Program. Data extraction was conducted using the data extraction tool from the Joanna Briggs Institute...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297165/dmards-in-psoriasis-a-critical-appraisal
#20
K Eyerich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
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