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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231630/the-role-of-the-family-in-supporting-the-self-management-of-chronic-conditions-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#1
Whitehead Lisa, Towell Amanda, Abu-Qamar Ma'en, Cole-Heath Amanda
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the contribution of family members in promoting and supporting the self-management of chronic conditions among adult family members. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of chronic disease continues to grow globally. The role of the family in chronic condition management and support for self-management has received little attention. DESIGN: A systematic review of qualitative literature using the Joanna Briggs Institute approach for qualitative systematic reviews...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231440/effects-of-acupressure-on-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analyses-and-trial-sequential-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
REVIEW
Jing Miao, Xinyou Liu, Chaojun Wu, Hui Kong, Weiping Xie, Kouying Liu
BACKGROUND: Acupressure has been used as an effective way in treating with stomach upset. However the efficacy of acupressure in preventing chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of acupressure on three categories of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. DATA SOURCES: Databases had been retrieved from inception through February 2016 for the randomized controlled trials in accordance with the inclusion criteria, including PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, EMBASE, Science Direct, CINAHL, China Biology Medicine, Chinese National Knowledge infrastructure, Wan Fang and Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225772/symptomatic-spinal-metastasis-a-systematic-literature-review-of-the-preoperative-prognostic-factors-for-survival-neurological-functional-and-quality-of-life-in-surgically-treated-patients-and-methodological-recommendations-for-prognostic-studies
#3
Anick Nater, Allan R Martin, Arjun Sahgal, David Choi, Michael G Fehlings
PURPOSE: While several clinical prediction rules (CPRs) of survival exist for patients with symptomatic spinal metastasis (SSM), these have variable prognostic ability and there is no recognized CPR for health related quality of life (HRQoL). We undertook a critical appraisal of the literature to identify key preoperative prognostic factors of clinical outcomes in patients with SSM who were treated surgically. The results of this study could be used to modify existing or develop new CPRs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222789/is-ccnu-lomustine-valuable-for-treatment-of-cutaneous-epitheliotropic-lymphoma-in-dogs-a-critically-appraised-topic
#4
Aurore Laprais, Thierry Olivry
BACKGROUND: CCNU and other treatment protocols are commonly offered to owners for the treatment of dogs diagnosed with cutaneous (epitheliotropic) T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). Chemotherapy protocols provide variable benefits; they have different side-effects, and they typically require monitoring to detect drug toxicity at a non-negligible cost to the owner. At this time, even though CCNU is most often recommended to treat dogs with CTCL, there is no clear consensus on the benefit of this drug...
February 21, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222360/maintenance-therapy-with-second-generation-antipsychotics-for-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Leif Lindström, Eva Lindström, Mikael Nilsson, Malin Höistad
BACKGROUND: Second generations antipsychotics (SGA) are frequently used for maintenance treatment in bipolar disorder. We systematically reviewed the efficacy and long-term effects of treatment with SGA, regardless of treatment strategy (SGA administered either as monotherapy or as adjunctive therapy), in comparison to placebo, lithium or valproate. Primary outcomes were relapses (mood episode recurrence) and discontinuation. METHOD: Clinical studies were identified through database searching in PubMed, Embase, PsychInfo and Cochrane Library and critically appraised based on the Cochrane Handbook...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221300/patient-experience-of-wearing-compression-garments-post-burn-injury-a-review-of-the-literature
#6
Nicole Coghlan, Jodie Copley, Tammy Aplin, Jenny Strong
This review was conducted to critically appraise the literature regarding the patient's lived experience of, and adherence to, wearing compression garments post burn injury. Scholarly articles were identified from searches of the following databases: Pubmed, Cochrane Central, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and OT Seeker. Combinations of key words including compression therapy/garment, pressure therapy/garment, burn(s), adherence, and patient experience were utilized. Retrieved studies were included in the review if they were written in English, reported on adult burn populations, and the patient's lived experience of wearing compression garments...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217150/infantile-tremor-syndrome-a-review-and-critical-appraisal-of-its-etiology
#7
REVIEW
Jatinder Singh Goraya, Sukhjot Kaur
Infantile tremor syndrome (ITS) is defined by the tetrad of pallor, developmental delay/regression, skin pigmentation, and brown scanty scalp hair. Involuntary movements in the form of tremors supervene in the natural course of the illness in a significant number of cases. The disorder occurs in exclusively breast-fed infants of vegetarian mothers belonging to economically deprived sections of society. Most of the children eventually recover but are frequently left with long-term cognitive and language neurodeficits...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215828/visualizing-risks-in-cancer-communication-a-systematic-review-of-computer-supported-visual-aids
#8
REVIEW
Jan Stellamanns, Dana Ruetters, Keshav Dahal, Zita Schillmoeller, Jutta Huebner
OBJECTIVE: Health websites are becoming important sources for cancer information. Lay users, patients and carers seek support for critical decisions, but they are prone to common biases when quantitative information is presented. Graphical representations of risk data can facilitate comprehension, and interactive visualizations are popular. This review summarizes the evidence on computer-supported graphs that present risk data and their effects on various measures. METHODS: The systematic literature search was conducted in several databases, including MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL...
February 6, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215660/progress-in-evidence-based-medicine-a-quarter-century-on
#9
REVIEW
Benjamin Djulbegovic, Gordon H Guyatt
In response to limitations in the understanding and use of published evidence, evidence-based medicine (EBM) began as a movement in the early 1990s. EBM's initial focus was on educating clinicians in the understanding and use of published literature to optimise clinical care, including the science of systematic reviews. EBM progressed to recognise limitations of evidence alone, and has increasingly stressed the need to combine critical appraisal of the evidence with patient's values and preferences through shared decision making...
February 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214463/bridging-the-gap-in-peripheral-nerve-repair
#10
Donato Perretta, Steven Green
Peripheral nerve injuries following trauma present an ongoing challenge to the hand surgeon. This review presents an overview of the topic with a historical perspective. Nerve anatomy and nerve injury classifications are discussed followed by a description of the biology of nerve regeneration. Methods used to bridge gaps in peripheral nerve repair are discussed in detail with a critical appraisal of the most recent literature. Recommendations for surgical treatment are formulated based on evidence-based medicine...
January 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210366/blog-and-podcast-watch-cutaneous-emergencies
#11
Andrew Grock, Eric J Morley, Lynn Roppolo, Jay Khadpe, Felix Ankel, Michelle Lin
INTRODUCTION: The WestJEM Blog and Podcast Watch presents high quality open-access educational blogs and podcasts in emergency medicine (EM) based on the ongoing Academic Life in Emergency Medicine (ALiEM) Approved Instructional Resources (AIR) and AIR-Professional series. Both series critically appraise resources using an objective scoring rubric. This installment of the Blog and Podcast Watch highlights the topic of cutaneous emergencies from the AIR series. METHODS: The AIR series is a continuously building curriculum that follows the Council of Emergency Medicine Residency Directors (CORD) annual testing schedule...
February 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209496/uterine-leiomyosarcoma-epidemiology-contemporary-treatment-strategies-and-the-impact-of-uterine-morcellation
#12
Stephanie Ricci, Rebecca L Stone, Amanda N Fader
Leiomyosarcoma, a rare tumor subtype, accounts for 1% of all uterine malignancies, but contributes to a significant proportion of uterine cancer deaths. Surgery is considered the mainstay of treatment for all soft tissue sarcomas, including uterine variants. However, uterine leiomyosarcoma is challenging to diagnose preoperatively and can mimic the appearance of benign uterine leiomyomas. Recently, concerns have grown in this regard, as surgeons have utilized uterine morcellation and myomectomy procedures unknowingly in the setting of occult uterine sarcoma...
February 13, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209159/do-coursework-summative-assessments-predict-clinical-performance-a-systematic-review
#13
Rebecca Terry, Wayne Hing, Robin Orr, Nikki Milne
BACKGROUND: Two goals of summative assessment in health profession education programs are to ensure the robustness of high stakes decisions such as progression and licensing, and predict future performance. This systematic and critical review aims to investigate the ability of specific modes of summative assessment to predict the clinical performance of health profession education students. METHODS: PubMed, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, ERIC and EMBASE databases were searched using key terms with articles collected subjected to dedicated inclusion criteria...
February 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208569/re-a-critical-appraisal-of-continence-in-bladder-exstrophy-long-term-outcomes-of-the-complete-primary-repair
#14
Douglas A Canning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207842/evaluating-evidence-based-health-care-teaching-and-learning-in-the-undergraduate-human-nutrition-occupational-therapy-physiotherapy-and-speech-language-and-hearing-therapy-programs-at-a-sub-saharan-african-academic-institution
#15
Anel Schoonees, Anke Rohwer, Taryn Young
BACKGROUND: It is important that all undergraduate healthcare students are equipped with evidence-based health care (EBHC) knowledge and skills to encourage evidence-informed decision-making after graduation. We assessed EBHC teaching and learning in undergraduate human nutrition (HN); occupational therapy (OT); physiotherapy (PT); and speech, language and hearing therapy (SPLH) programs at a sub-Saharan African university. METHODS: We used methodological triangulation to obtain a comprehensive understanding of EBHC teaching and learning: (1) through a document review of module guides, we identified learning outcomes related to pre-specified EBHC competencies; we conducted (2) focus group discussions and interviews of lecturers to obtain their perspectives on EBHC and on EBHC teaching and learning; and we (3) invited final year students (2013) and 2012 graduates to complete an online survey on EBHC attitudes, self-perceived EBHC competence, and their experience of EBHC teaching and learning...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207583/critical-appraisal-of-observational-designs
#16
Brenda Quincy, Patricia Ragan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207331/a-systematic-review-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-sexual-minorities
#17
Billy A Caceres, Abraham Brody, Rachel E Luscombe, Jillian E Primiano, Peter Marusca, Edward M Sitts, Deborah Chyun
BACKGROUND: Mental health and HIV disparities are well documented among sexual minorities, but there is a dearth of research on other chronic conditions. Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death worldwide. Although sexual minorities have high rates of several modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (including stress, tobacco use, and alcohol consumption), there is a paucity of research in this area. OBJECTIVES: In this systematic review, we synthesized and critiqued the existing evidence on cardiovascular disease among sexual minority adults...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205034/laparoscopic-surgery-for-pancreatic-neoplasms-the-european-association-for-endoscopic-surgery-clinical-consensus-conference
#18
Bjørn Edwin, Mushegh A Sahakyan, Mohammad Abu Hilal, Marc G Besselink, Marco Braga, Jean-Michel Fabre, Laureano Fernández-Cruz, Brice Gayet, Song Cheol Kim, Igor E Khatkov
BACKGROUND: Introduced more than 20 years ago, laparoscopic pancreatic surgery (LAPS) has not reached a uniform acceptance among HPB surgeons. As a result, there is no consensus regarding its use in patients with pancreatic neoplasms. This study, organized by the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery (EAES), aimed to develop consensus statements and clinical recommendations on the application of LAPS in these patients. METHODS: An international panel of experts was selected based on their clinical and scientific expertise in laparoscopic and open pancreatic surgery...
February 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202060/critically-appraised-topic-on-adverse-food-reactions-of-companion-animals-3-prevalence-of-cutaneous-adverse-food-reactions-in-dogs-and-cats
#19
Thierry Olivry, Ralf S Mueller
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of cutaneous adverse food reactions (CAFRs) in dogs and cats is not precisely known. This imprecision is likely due to the various populations that had been studied. Our objectives were to systematically review the literature to determine the prevalence of CAFRs among dogs and cats with pruritus and skin diseases. RESULTS: We searched two databases for pertinent references on August 18, 2016. Among 490 and 220 articles respectively found in the Web of Science (Science Citation Index Expanded) and CAB Abstract databases, we selected 22 and nine articles that reported data usable for CAFR prevalence determination in dogs and cats, respectively...
February 15, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201835/short-term-and-working-memory-treatments-for-improving-sentence-comprehension-in-aphasia-a-review-and-a-replication-study
#20
Christos Salis, Faustina Hwang, David Howard, Nicole Lallini
Although the roles of verbal short-term and working memory on spoken sentence comprehension skills in persons with aphasia have been debated for many years, the development of treatments to mitigate verbal short-term and working memory deficits as a way of improving spoken sentence comprehension is a new avenue in treatment research. In this article, we review and critically appraise this emerging evidence base. We also present new data from five persons with aphasia of a replication of a previously reported treatment that had resulted in some improvement of spoken sentence comprehension in a person with aphasia...
February 2017: Seminars in Speech and Language
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