keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"Critical appraisal"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690870/palliative-care-for-homeless-people-a-systematic-review-of-the-concerns-care-needs-and-preferences-and-the-barriers-and-facilitators-for-providing-palliative-care
#1
Hanna T Klop, Anke J E de Veer, Sophie I van Dongen, Anneke L Francke, Judith A C Rietjens, Bregje D Onwuteaka-Philipsen
BACKGROUND: Homeless people often suffer from complex and chronic comorbidities, have high rates of morbidity and die at much younger ages than the general population. Due to a complex combination of physical, psychosocial and addiction problems at the end of life, they often have limited access to palliative care. Both the homeless and healthcare providers experience a lot of barriers. Therefore, providing palliative care that fits the needs and concerns of the homeless is a challenge to healthcare providers...
April 24, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689054/community-health-worker-interventions-to-promote-psychosocial-outcomes-among-people-living-with-hiv-a-systematic-review
#2
Hae-Ra Han, Kyounghae Kim, Jeanne Murphy, Joycelyn Cudjoe, Patty Wilson, Phyllis Sharps, Jason E Farley
BACKGROUND: Community health worker (CHW) interventions are a successful strategy to promote health among HIV-negative and persons living with HIV (PLWH). Psychosocial factors are critical dimensions of HIV/AIDS care contributing to prognosis of the disease, yet it is unclear how CHW interventions improve psychosocial outcomes in PLWH. The purpose of this study was to critically appraise the types, scope, and nature of CHW interventions designed to address psychosocial outcomes in PLWH...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688967/the-european-society-of-gynaecological-oncology-european-society-for-radiotherapy-and-oncology-european-society-of-pathology-guidelines-for-the-management-of-patients-with-cervical-cancer
#3
David Cibula, Richard Pötter, François Planchamp, Elisabeth Avall-Lundqvist, Daniela Fischerova, Christine Haie Meder, Christhardt Köhler, Fabio Landoni, Sigurd Lax, Jacob Christian Lindegaard, Umesh Mahantshetty, Patrice Mathevet, W Glenn McCluggage, Mary McCormack, Raj Naik, Remi Nout, Sandro Pignata, Jordi Ponce, Denis Querleu, Francesco Raspagliesi, Alexandros Rodolakis, Karl Tamussino, Pauline Wimberger, Maria Rosaria Raspollini
BACKGROUND: Despite significant advances in the screening, detection, and treatment of preinvasive cervical lesions, invasive cervical cancer is the fifth most common cancer in European women. There are large disparities in Europe and worldwide in the incidence, management, and mortality of cervical cancer. OBJECTIVE: The European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO), the European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO), and the European Society of Pathology (ESP) jointly develop clinically relevant and evidence-based guidelines in order to improve the quality of care for women with cervical cancer across Europe and worldwide...
May 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688963/how-to-optimally-fit-a-hearing-aid-for-bimodal-cochlear-implant-users-a-systematic-review
#4
Jantien L Vroegop, André Goedegebure, Marc P van der Schroeff
OBJECTIVES: Bimodal hearing has shown to improve speech recognition in quiet and in noise and to improve sound localization compared with unilateral cochlear implant (CI) use alone. Fitting the CI and hearing aid (HA) separately has been described well, but HA fitting procedures for bimodal CI users are not well researched or widely accepted. The aim of the present study was to systematically review the literature on the effect of different HA fitting strategies on auditory performance in bimodal CI users...
April 20, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682791/prevalence-of-refractive-errors-in-children-in-india-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Sethu Sheeladevi, Bharani Seelam, Phanindra B Nukella, Aditi Modi, Rahul Ali, Lisa Keay
Uncorrected refractive error is an avoidable cause of visual impairment which affects children in India. The objective of this review is to estimate the prevalence of refractive errors in children ≤ 15 years of age. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed in this review. A detailed literature search was performed to include all population and school-based studies published from India between January 1990 and January 2017, using the Cochrane Library, Medline and Embase...
April 22, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682327/kinetics-of-circulating-cell-free-dna-for-biomedical-applications-critical-appraisal-of-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
Sonia Khier, Laura Lohan
Circulating cell-free DNA is considered as one of the major breakthroughs in the field of innovative diagnosis, used as a liquid biopsy. The kinetic parameters of a biomarker are mandatory to assess its usefulness as a diagnostic tool. Obtaining precise mathematical values for the kinetic parameters (e.g., half-life) is then crucial because it could be used for therapeutic monitoring as a prognostic factor. However, little is known about the intrinsic properties of circulating cell-free DNA, more especially, its kinetic properties within the organism...
April 2018: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680523/fathers-involvement-during-pregnancy-and-childbirth-an-integrative-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Weilin Lynn Xue, Shefaly Shorey, Wenru Wang, Hong-Gu He
OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of existing literature on the current perceived levels of paternal involvement during the pregnancy and childbirth periods and the factors influencing this involvement. DESIGN: An integrative literature review. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search was conducted using the databases of PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Scopus. REVIEW METHODS: Studies were included for the review if they were published in English from the period of 2005-2015...
April 11, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680443/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-wound-drains-in-non-instrumented-lumbar-decompression-surgery
#8
REVIEW
Christopher L Davidoff, Jeffrey M Rogers, Mary Simons, Andrew S Davidson
Wound drains are routinely used in lumbar decompressive surgery (LDS). However, it remains unclear whether this practice helps to prevent symptomatic epidural hematoma formation and associated complications, particularly following non-instrumented procedures. A systematic review and meta-analysis was therefore completed to critically appraise the literature. The search protocol was conducted using the Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar databases. Articles meeting the following criteria were included: (i) examined patients undergoing LDS; (ii) included cases receiving post-operative wound drains; (iii) detailed adverse outcomes including symptomatic epidural hematomas or wound infection; and (iv) were published in English in a peer-reviewed journal...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679430/is-mri-targeted-biopsy-a-useful-addition-to-systematic-confirmatory-biopsy-in-men-on-active-surveillance-for-low-risk-prostate-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Ivo G Schoots, Daan Nieboer, Francesco Giganti, Caroline M Moore, Chris H Bangma, Monique J Roobol
BACKGROUND: Active surveillance of prostate cancer is recommended for men with Gleason 3+3 on standard TRUS-guided biopsy. Confirmatory assessment can include repeat standard TRUS-guided biopsy, and/or MRI with targeted biopsy when indicated. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and meta-analyse evidence regarding the additional value of MRI and MRI-targeted biopsies to confirmatory systematic biopsies in identifying high-grade prostate cancer in men with low-risk disease on TRUS biopsy...
April 21, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678991/measurement-properties-of-the-health-of-the-nation-outcome-scales-honos-family-of-measures-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#10
Meredith G Harris, Claudia Sparti, Roman Scheurer, Tim Coombs, Jane Pirkis, Torleif Ruud, Steve Kisely, Ketil Hanssen-Bauer, Johan Siqveland, Philip M Burgess
INTRODUCTION: The Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) for adults, and equivalent measures for children and adolescents and older people, are widely used in clinical practice and research contexts to measure mental health and functional outcomes. Additional HoNOS measures have been developed for special populations and applications. Stakeholders require synthesised information about the measurement properties of these measures to assess whether they are fit for use with intended service settings and populations and to establish performance benchmarks...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675507/are-prophylactic-intravenous-antibiotics-required-in-routine-shoulder-arthroscopic-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#11
REVIEW
Njalalle Baraza, Jordan Leith
Purpose  The purpose of this study was to find out from the literature the difference in infection rates between patients who did and patients who did not receive prophylactic antibiotics in arthroscopic shoulder surgery. Methods  We conducted a comprehensive search of the literature using Medline Ovid for prospective studies that looked at infection as the primary outcome following shoulder arthroscopy. The articles were then assessed for study design, outcome, and relevance to the specific question as part of the critical appraisal...
March 2018: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674709/known-and-novel-roles-of-the-met-oncogene-in-cancer-a-coherent-approach-to-targeted-therapy
#12
REVIEW
Paolo M Comoglio, Livio Trusolino, Carla Boccaccio
The MET oncogene encodes an unconventional receptor tyrosine kinase with pleiotropic functions: it initiates and sustains neoplastic transformation when genetically altered ('oncogene addiction') and fosters cancer cell survival and tumour dissemination when transcriptionally activated in the context of an adaptive response to adverse microenvironmental conditions ('oncogene expedience'). Moreover, MET is an intrinsic modulator of the self-renewal and clonogenic ability of cancer stem cells ('oncogene inherence')...
April 19, 2018: Nature Reviews. Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672878/quality-of-life-in-patients-with-adrenal-disease-a-systematic-review
#13
Winnie Ho, Maralyn Druce
BACKGROUND: Evaluating the patient with adrenal disease is challenging due to the lack of precise clinical and biochemical parameters for disease control. Quality of Life (QOL) evaluation aims to measure the patient's subjective experience. OBJECTIVE: to describe how QOL is defined and measured in adrenal disease, critically appraise the use of QOL tools in published literature, discuss the implications of these findings and provide direction for further research in this field...
April 19, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669112/a-critical-appraisal-of-the-sensitivity-of-in-vivo-genotoxicity-assays-in-detecting-human-carcinogens
#14
Andreas Zeller, Stefan Pfuhler, Silvio Albertini, Frank Bringezu, Andreas Czich, Yasmin Dietz, Rolf Fautz, Nicola J Hewitt, Annette Kirst, Peter Kasper
Genotoxicity testing is an important part of standard safety testing strategies. Animal studies have always been a key component, either as a mandatory part of the regulatory test battery, or to follow-up questionable in vitro findings. The strengths and weaknesses of in vivo assays is a continuous matter of debate, including their capacity to predict (human) carcinogenicity. We have therefore analysed the sensitivity of five routinely used in vivo tests to determine, in addition to other aspects, which tests or combination of tests best identify 73 chemicals classified as IARC Group 1 and 2A carcinogens...
April 13, 2018: Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667256/procalcitonin-and-c-reactive-protein-as-biomarkers-for-neonatal-bacterial-infection
#15
Ashfaque F Quadir, Philip N Britton
AIM: Neonates are predisposed to bacterial infection which are an important cause of early childhood morbidity and mortality globally. It has been proposed that procalcitonin has significant utility as a diagnostic marker for bacterial infection in febrile neonates when compared to C-reactive protein (CRP). The aim of this study is to conduct a literature search to find the best available evidence to answer the clinical question of the utility of procalcitonin when compared to CRP as a predictor of bacterial infection in febrile neonates...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666136/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-diabetes-mellitus-cardiovascular-and-respiratory-condition-epidemiology-in-sexual-minority-women
#16
Catherine Meads, Adam Martin, Jeffrey Grierson, Justin Varney
OBJECTIVE: Sexual minority women (SMW) experience higher chronic disease risk factors than heterosexual counterparts. However, it was unclear if these risks translate into higher physical condition rates. This systematic review evaluates cardiovascular disease (CVD), hypertension, respiratory disease and diabetes mellitus in SMW. METHODS: A protocol was registered with the Prospero database (CRD42016050299). Included were studies reporting mortality, incidence or prevalence of the above-listed conditions in SMW compared with heterosexual women...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666134/adoption-of-a-novel-surgical-innovation-into-clinical-practice-protocol-for-a-qualitative-systematic-review-examining-surgeon-views
#17
Thomas L Lewis, Hugh N Furness, George W Miller, Nicholas Parsons, Kate Seers, Martin Underwood, Andrew J Metcalfe
INTRODUCTION: Efficient adoption of clinically effective novel surgical innovations has great potential benefits for patients. Factors affecting the adoption of surgical innovation are not well understood and proposed models of adoption do not accurately correlate with historical evidence. This protocol is for a systematic review that aims to identify the qualitative evidence relating to surgeon views regarding the adoption of novel surgical innovation into clinical practice. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A systematic review following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidance will be performed...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665019/evidence-based-medicine-for-every-day-everyone-and-every-therapeutic-study
#18
REVIEW
Raghav Govindarajan, Pushpa Narayanaswami
The rapid growth in published medical literature makes it difficult for clinicians to keep up with advances in their fields. This may result in a cursory scan of the abstracts and conclusions of a study without critically evaluating study quality. The application of Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) is the process of converting the abstract task of reading the literature into a practical method of using the literature to inform care in a specific clinical context while simultaneously expanding one's knowledge. EBM involves 4 steps: stating the clinical problem in a defined question; searching the literature for the evidence; critically appraising the evidence for its validity and applying the evidence in the context of the patient's situation, preferences and values...
April 17, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664334/influence-of-reminder-therapy-for-controlling-bacterial-plaque-in-patients-undergoing-orthodontic-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Igor Felipe Pereira Lima, Walbert de Andrade Vieira, Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Pedro Augusto Costa, Anderson Paulo Barbosa Lima, Matheus Melo Pithon, Luiz Renato Paranhos
OBJECTIVE: To assess the scientific evidence regarding the influence of reminder therapy on plaque index, gingival index, and white spots in patients subjected to orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized clinical trials were searched in the electronic databases LILACS, PubMed, SciELO, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, LIVIVO, and Cochrane Library. The databases OpenThesis and OpenGrey were used to capture the "gray literature," preventing selection and publication biases...
April 17, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663484/association-between-psychotropic-medications-and-presence-of-sleep-bruxism-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Gilberto Melo, Kamile Leonardi Dutra, Rubens Rodrigues Filho, Adriana de Oliveira Lira Ortega, André Luís Porporatti, Bruce Dick, Carlos Flores-Mir, Graziela De Luca Canto
The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature for studies that investigated the association between use of psychotropic medications and presence of sleep bruxism (SB). Observational studies were selected in a two-phase process. Searches were performed on six electronic databases and a grey literature search was conducted on three databases. SB diagnosis was based on questionnaires or clinical examinations; no polysomnography exams were performed. Risk of bias was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Checklist for Analytical Cross-Sectional Studies...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
keyword
keyword
11173
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"