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"Critical appraisal"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242718/a-bayesian-assessment-of-real-world-behavior-during-multitasking
#1
Jeroen H M Bergmann, Joan Fei, David A Green, Amir Hussain, Newton Howard
Multitasking is common in everyday life, but its effect on activities of daily living is not well understood. Critical appraisal of performance for both healthy individuals and patients is required. Motor activities during meal preparation were monitored in healthy individuals with a wearable sensor network during single and multitask conditions. Motor performance was quantified by the median frequencies (fm) of hand trajectories and wrist accelerations. The probability that multitasking occurred based on the obtained motor information was estimated using a Naïve Bayes Model, with a specific focus on the single and triple loading conditions...
2017: Cognitive Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242518/what-is-a-regional-trainee-representative-a-personal-perspective-of-a-pilot-role-within-the-east-midlands
#2
F O'Leary
Dental trainees have an important role to play in quality assuring training programmes. Local education and training boards (LETBs) actively encourage trainee engagement through structured feedback, which acts as a valuable source of critical appraisal. This is designed to support the structure of training programmes and influences its quality and content. In 2014, East Midlands LETB appointed a regional trainee representative to collate, present and promote dental foundation and core trainee issues to the Dental School Board, as well as highlight their accomplishments and achievements...
December 15, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239959/bias-in-before-after-studies-narrative-overview-for-anesthesiologists
#3
Anthony M H Ho, Rachel Phelan, Glenio B Mizubuti, John A C Murdoch, Sarah Wickett, Adrienne K Ho, Vidur Shyam, Ian Gilron
Before-after study designs are effective research tools and in some cases, have changed practice. These designs, however, are inherently susceptible to bias (ie, systematic errors) that are sometimes subtle but can invalidate their conclusions. This overview provides examples of before-after studies relevant to anesthesiologists to illustrate potential sources of bias, including selection/assignment, history, regression to the mean, test-retest, maturation, observer, retrospective, Hawthorne, instrumentation, attrition, and reporting/publication bias...
December 11, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239922/critical-appraisal-in-plastic-surgery-nullius-in-verba
#4
Kun Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239785/cytokines-dysregulation-in-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-of-psychoneuroimmune-relationship
#5
REVIEW
Daniela Rodrigues-Amorim, Tania Rivera-Baltanás, Carlos Spuch, Hector J Caruncho, África González-Fernandez, Jose M Olivares, Roberto C Agís-Balboa
INTRODUCTION: Schizophrenia is a multifactorial psychiatric disease with complex interactions among the brain and the immune system. A psycho-immune relationship underling schizophrenia is supported by several studies and integrates a specific area of knowledge - psychoneuroimmunology. METHODS: A systematic review was performed by 2009 Preferred Reporting Items (PRISMA) recommendations. Based on the inclusion/exclusion criteria, publications with relevant information (evaluated by the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisals tools to quality assessment) were included...
November 24, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237653/do-psychological-harms-result-from-being-labelled-with-an-unexpected-diagnosis-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-or-prostate-cancer-through-screening-a-systematic-review
#6
Anne R Cotter, Kim Vuong, Linda L Mustelin, Yi Yang, Malika Rakhmankulova, Colleen J Barclay, Russell P Harris
OBJECTIVE: A potential psychological harm of screening is unexpected diagnosis-labelling. We need to know the frequency and severity of this harm to make informed decisions about screening. We asked whether current evidence allows an estimate of any psychological harm of labelling. As case studies, we used two conditions for which screening is common: prostate cancer (PCa) and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). DESIGN: Systematic review with narrative synthesis. DATA SOURCES AND ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: We searched the English language literature in PubMed, PsychINFO and Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) for research of any design published between 1 January 2002 and 23 January 2017 that provided valid data about the psychological state of people recently diagnosed with early stage PCa or AAA...
December 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236990/outcome-reporting-for-surgical-treatment-of-degenerative-mitral-valve-disease-a-systematic-review-and-critical-appraisal
#7
Anton Tomšic, Bardia Arabkhani, Jan W Schoones, Thomas J van Brakel, Johanna J M Takkenberg, Meindert Palmen, Robert J M Klautz
OBJECTIVES: Standardized outcome reporting is of critical importance for performance monitoring, improvement of existing techniques and introduction of novel technologies. Whether outcome reporting for surgical treatment of degenerative mitral valve disease complies with the guidelines has not been assessed to date. METHODS: A systematic review of PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library was conducted for articles published between 1 January 2009 and 7 March 2016...
December 8, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234553/gait-deficits-under-dual-task-conditions-in-the-concussed-adolescent-and-young-athlete-population-a-systematic-review
#8
Larisa Grants, Bailey Powell, Cody Gessel, Faith Hiser, Amy Hassen
Background: There are no current sport concussion assessments that capture the effects of dual-task conditions on gait. Multiple studies have evaluated changes, but none have comprehensively examined literature related to the adolescent and young adult population.Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review is to synthesize documented changes in gait under dual-task conditions in adolescents and young adults after sustaining a concussion.Study Design: Systematic Review. Methods: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) was consulted to guide this systematic review...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234528/critical-appraisal-of-literature-comparing-minimally-invasive-extraperitoneal-and-transperitoneal-radical-prostatectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Panagiotis Kallidonis, Bhavan Prasad Rai, Hasan Qazi, Roman Ganzer, Minh Do, Anja Dietel, Evangelos Liatsikos, Nabi Ghulam, Iason Kyriazis, Jens-Uwe Stolzenburg
Objectives: To systematically review studies comparing extraperitoneal (E-RP) and transperitoneal minimally invasive radical prostatectomy (T-RP). Methods: The systematic review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines in September 2015. Several databases were searched including Medline and Scopus. Only studies comparing E-RP and T-RP (either laparoscopic or robot-assisted approach) were evaluated...
December 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233804/end-user-and-implementer-experiences-of-mhealth-technologies-for-noncommunicable-chronic-disease-management-in-young-adults-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Helen Slater, Jared M Campbell, Jennifer N Stinson, Megan M Burley, Andrew M Briggs
BACKGROUND: Chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as asthma, diabetes, cancer, and persistent musculoskeletal pain impose an escalating and unsustainable burden on young people, their families, and society. Exploring how mobile health (mHealth) technologies can support management for young people with NCDs is imperative. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify, appraise, and synthesize available qualitative evidence on users' experiences of mHealth technologies for NCD management in young people...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233505/outcome-measurement-in-plastic-surgery
#11
REVIEW
Justin C R Wormald, Jeremy N Rodrigues
Outcome measurement in plastic surgery is often surgeon-centred, and clinician-derived. Greater emphasis is being placed on patient-reported outcomes (PROs), in which the patients' perspective is measured directly from them. Numerous patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) have been developed in a range of fields, with a number of good quality PROMs in plastic surgery. They can be deployed to support diagnosis, disease severity determination, referral pathways, treatment decision-making, post-operative care and in determining cost-effectiveness...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233168/a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-economic-evaluation-studies-conducted-on-neonatal-systemic-infections-in-south-asia
#12
Shruti Murthy, Denny John, Isadora Perpetual Godinho, Myron Anthony Godinho, Vasudeva Guddattu, N Sreekumaran Nair
BACKGROUND: Neonatal systemic infections and their consequent impairments give rise to long-lasting health, economic and social effects on the neonate, the family and the nation. Considering the dearth of consolidated economic evidence in this important area, this systematic review aims to critically appraise and consolidate the evidence on economic evaluations of management of neonatal systemic infections in South Asia. METHODS: Full and partial economic evaluations, published in English, associated with the management of neonatal systemic infections in South Asia will be included...
December 12, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232545/influence-of-the-social-determinants-of-health-on-access-to-healthcare-services-among-refugees-in-australia
#13
Jessica Taylor, Greer Lamaro Haintz
Refugees in Australia are not fully utilising the healthcare system for several reasons and this may be affecting their overall health outcomes. This qualitative systematic review examined the influence of the social determinants of health on refugees' access to healthcare services in Australia. Electronic databases were searched using terms relating to refugees, social determinants, healthcare services, barriers, enablers and Australia. Only peer-reviewed studies published in English since 2006, which focused on refugees and specifically discussed social determinants influencing refugees' access to healthcare services in Australia, were included...
December 13, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228985/investigating-the-burden-of-antibiotic-resistance-in-ethnic-minority-groups-in-high-income-countries-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Hannah Lishman, Paul Aylin, Vivian Alividza, Enrique Castro-Sanchez, Anuja Chatterjee, Victor Mariano, Alan P Johnson, Samir Jeraj, Céire Costelloe
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance (ABR) is an urgent problem globally, with overuse and misuse of antibiotics being one of the main drivers of antibiotic-resistant infections. There is increasing evidence that the burden of community-acquired infections such as urinary tract infections and bloodstream infections (both susceptible and resistant) may differ by ethnicity, although the reasons behind this relationship are not well defined. It has been demonstrated that socioeconomic status and ethnicity are often highly correlated with each other; however, it is not yet known whether accounting for deprivation completely explains any discrepancy seen in infection risk...
December 11, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227291/three-factor-versus-four-factor-prothrombin-complex-concentrate-for-warfarin-reversal-a-critical-appraisal-of-the-evidence
#15
G Morgan Jones, K Erin Davidson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224570/mapping-the-evidence-on-pharmacological-interventions-for-non-affective-psychosis-in-humanitarian-non-specialised-settings-a-unhcr-clinical-guidance
#16
Giovanni Ostuzzi, Corrado Barbui, Charlotte Hanlon, Sudipto Chatterjee, Julian Eaton, Lynne Jones, Derrick Silove, Peter Ventevogel
BACKGROUND: Populations exposed to humanitarian emergencies are particularly vulnerable to mental health problems, including new onset, relapse and deterioration of psychotic disorders. Inadequate care for this group may lead to human rights abuses and even premature death. The WHO Mental Health Gap Action Programme Intervention Guide (mhGAP-IG), and its adaptation for humanitarian settings (mhGAP-HIG), provides guidance for management of mental health conditions by non-specialised healthcare professionals...
December 11, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224219/measuring-school-functioning-in-students-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#17
Michelle Tollit, Jennifer Politis, Sarah Knight
BACKGROUND: It is often surmised that school functioning is significantly impacted in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS); however, how this phenomenon manifests itself has rarely been characterized. METHODS: This systematic review synthesized and critically appraised methods, constructs, and instruments used to assess school functioning in students with CFS. Searches were conducted in electronic databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, ERIC, and PsycINFO) to locate empirical studies that measured school functioning in children and adolescents with CFS...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222832/written-action-plans-for-children-with-long-term-conditions-a-systematic-review-and-synthesis-of-qualitative-data
#18
REVIEW
Andrea Waldecker, Alice Malpass, Anna King, Matthew J Ridd
BACKGROUND: Long-term conditions (LTCs) in children require a high level of self-management. Written action plans (WAPs) have been advocated to guide decision-making and support self-management but there is uncertainty about how WAPs "work" and what aspects are important for successful implementation. OBJECTIVE: To review and synthesize existing qualitative evidence about the design and use of WAPs across childhood LTCs. METHOD: We undertook a systematic search of the literature (Medline, EMBASE, CiNAHL, PsycInfo, Web of science) from inception to May 2015; critically appraised included studies; and synthesized the findings, drawing on normalisation process theory...
December 9, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222339/the-biological-variation-data-critical-appraisal-checklist-a-standard-for-evaluating-studies-on-biological-variation
#19
Aasne K Aarsand, Thomas R Raas, Pilar Fernandez-Calle, Carmen Ricos, Jorge Díaz-Garzón, Niels Jonker, Carmen Perich, Elisabet González-Lao, Anna Carobene, Joana Minchinela, Abdurrahman Coŝkun, Margarita Simón, Virtudes Álvarez, William A Bartlett, Pilar Fernández-Fernández, Beatriz Boned, Federica Braga, Zoraida Corte, Berna Aslan, Sverre Sandberg
BACKGROUND: Concern has been raised about the quality of available biological variation (BV) estimates and the effect of their application in clinical practice. A European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine Task and Finish Group has addressed this issue. The aim of this report is to (a) describe the Biological Variation Data Critical Appraisal Checklist (BIVAC), which verifies whether publications have included all essential elements that may impact the veracity of associated BV estimates, (b) use the BIVAC to critically appraise existing BV publications on enzymes, lipids, kidney, and diabetes-related measurands, and (c) apply metaanalysis to deliver a global within-subject BV (CVI) estimate for alanine aminotransferase (ALT)...
December 8, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222294/incorporating-novel-approaches-in-the-management-of-mds-beyond-conventional-hypomethylating-agents
#20
REVIEW
Olatoyosi Odenike
In the last decade, the treatment of higher-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) has revolved around the azanucleosides, azacitidine and decitabine, which at lower doses are postulated to work predominantly via their effects on inhibition of DNA methyltransferases and consequent DNA hypomethylation. For patients who relapse after, or do not respond to, hypomethylating agent therapy, the outcome is dismal, and new agents and approaches that have the potential to alter the natural history of these diseases are desperately needed...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
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