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incontinence, epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918677/prevalence-of-anal-incontinence-in-a-working-population-within-a-healthcare-environment
#1
Carlos Cerdán Santacruz, Rocío Santos Rancaño, Marta Vigara García, Cristina Fernández Pérez, Mario Ortega López, Javier Cerdán Miguel
OBJECTIVES: Anal incontinence is a devastating affliction with several considerations that make it difficult to define in terms of epidemiology with good precision. The aim of the present work is to study the prevalence of an important disorder such as anal incontinence in a healthy working population within a sanitary environment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cluster of easy understanding and filling inquiry forms are distributed to 910 apparently healthy individuals at our hospital...
September 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805298/female-urethral-injuries-associated-with-pelvic-fracture-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Devin N Patel, Cynthia S Fok, George D Webster, Jennifer T Anger
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature of female urethral injuries associated with pelvic fracture and determine optimal management of this rare injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using Meta-analysis Of Observational Studies in Epidemiology criteria, we searched Cochrane, Pubmed and OVID databases for all articles available before June 30, 2016 using the terms "female pelvic fracture urethroplasty," "female urethral distraction," "female pelvic fracture urethral injury," "female pelvic fracture urethra girls...
August 14, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793116/urinary-tract-infection-a-cohort-of-older-people-with-urinary-incontinence
#3
Laís Samara de Melo, Flávia Falci Ercole, Danilo Ulisses de Oliveira, Tatiana Saraiva Pinto, Mariana Avendanha Victoriano, Carla Lúcia Goulart Constant Alcoforado
Objective: To evaluate epidemiological aspects of urinary tract infection in older patients with urinary incontinence living in long-term care institutions in Belo Horizonte. Method: Concurrent cohort held from April 1st to October 1st, 2015. The study was conducted in two long-term care institutions in the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, with 84 incontinent older people. Results: Cumulative incidence of urinary tract infection was 19% (95% CI: 7.83-23.19) and the incidence density was 3...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770297/barriers-to-seeking-care-for-urinary-incontinence-in-mexican-american-women
#4
Veronica T Mallett, Anna M Jezari, Thelma Carrillo, Sheralyn Sanchez, Zuber D Mulla
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The majority of epidemiologic studies of urinary incontinence (UI) have been conducted in non-Hispanic populations. We conducted a case-control study to identify factors associated with delayed care-seeking behavior in adult Mexican American women with UI. METHODS: Cases were women with UI who sought care >2 years after the onset of symptoms (delayed care group). Controls were women with UI who sought care ≤2 years after the onset of symptoms...
August 2, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762631/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-urinary-incontinence-and-overactive-bladder-in-japanese-women
#5
Sanae Ninomiya, Kiyoko Naito, Kyoko Nakanishi, Hisayo Okayama
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of storage symptoms, including stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and overactive bladder (OAB), is high in women worldwide. In Japan, there have been few large-scale epidemiological surveys of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), and the risk factors for these symptoms are unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence and risk factors of storage symptoms in Japanese women. METHODS: A cross-sectional Internet survey was conducted in Japan...
August 1, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723368/definition-of-success-after-surgery-for-female-stress-incontinence-or-voiding-dysfunction-an-attempt-at-standardization
#6
REVIEW
Maude E Carmel, Donna Y Deng, Tamsin J Greenwell, Philippe E Zimmern
CONTEXT: There is currently no standardized definition of success for surgery for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and voiding dysfunction (VD) in women. OBJECTIVE: To review the use of outcome measures (OMs) and definitions of success in the literature on SUI and VD surgery in women in an attempt to provide recommendations for future publications. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A PubMed search of all English language full-text articles on SUI and VD surgery in women published between 2010 and 2015 was performed...
August 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589290/validation-of-a-single-summary-score-for-the-prolapse-incontinence-sexual-questionnaire-iuga-revised-pisq-ir
#7
Melissa L Constantine, Rachel N Pauls, Rebecca R Rogers, Todd H Rockwood
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The Prolapse/Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire-International Urogynecology Association (IUGA) Revised (PISQ-IR) measures sexual function in women with pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) yet is unwieldy, with six individual subscale scores for sexually active women and four for women who are not. We hypothesized that a valid and responsive summary score could be created for the PISQ-IR. METHODS: Item response data from participating women who completed a revised version of the PISQ-IR at three clinical sites were used to generate item weights using a magnitude estimation (ME) and Q-sort (Q) approaches...
June 6, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530071/-epidemiology-of-over-active-bladder-oab-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
Tamar Eshkoli, David Yohai, Elad Laron, Adi Y Weintraub
An over-active bladder is a common disorder which influences women's health and quality of life. There is difficulty defining the exact prevalence of the disorder since there are various definitions in the literature. The ICS definition from 2002 on the over-active bladder (OAB) syndrome enables more uniformity, by declaring that OAB syndrome is a symptomatic syndrome defined as presence of urgency with or without urinary incontinence, mostly accompanied by frequency and nocturia. In this article we reviewed the current medical literature on the prevalence of the OAB syndrome by focusing on relevant crosssectional and longitudinal studies, the trend changes during life, co-morbidities, the influence of quality of life and the economic burden following the disorder and its treatment...
November 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444711/are-we-justified-in-suggesting-change-to-caffeine-alcohol-and-carbonated-drink-intake-in-lower-urinary-tract-disease-report-from-the-ici-rs-2015
#9
REVIEW
Dudley Robinson, Ann Hanna-Mitchell, Angie Rantell, Gans Thiagamoorthy, Linda Cardozo
AIMS: There is increasing evidence that diet may have a significant role in the development of lower urinary tract symptoms. While fluid intake is known to affect lower urinary tract function the effects of alcohol, caffeine, carbonated drinks, and artificial sweeteners are less well understood and evidence from epidemiological studies is mixed and sometimes contradictory. The aim of this paper is to appraise the available evidence on the effect of caffeine, alcohol, and carbonated drinks on lower urinary tract function and dysfunction in addition to suggesting proposals for further research...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441168/a-review-of-caffeine-use-as-a-risk-or-protective-factor-for-women-s-health-and-pregnancy
#10
Amy Peacock, Richard P Mattick, Raimondo Bruno
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide a narrative synthesis of recently published studies on caffeine use as a risk or protective factor for health outcomes, with a focus on women's health and pregnancy. RECENT FINDINGS: Based on predominantly observational studies, moderate caffeine intake has been shown to be a protective factor for liver cancer, certain bowel conditions, colorectal cancer, skin cancer, and regular menstrual cycle function. However, heavy consumption is a risk factor for osteoporosis, urinary incontinence, and poorer birth and child developmental outcomes...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389782/spanish-version-of-the-pelvic-organ-prolapse-urinary-incontinence-sexual-questionnaire%C3%A2-iuga-revised-pisq-ir-%C3%A2-transcultural-validation
#11
Montserrat Mestre, Judith Lleberia, Josep Pubill, Montserrat Espuña-Pons
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to transculturally adapt the Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire IUGA-Revised (PISQ-IR) into Spanish and to validate the new version. METHODS: We carried out a two-stage observational cross-sectional study: translation and back-translation, followed by a validation stage in which the final version was administered to 268 consecutive women (118 not sexually active [NSA] and 150 sexually active [SA]) older than 18 from an Urogynecology Unit...
April 8, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321473/clinical-epidemiological-insights-into-urinary-incontinence
#12
Vatché A Minassian, Tony Bazi, Walter F Stewart
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Urinary incontinence (UI) is very common and heterogeneous among women with limited knowledge of progression or prognosis. Evidence based on clinical epidemiology can help to better understand the natural history of UI. METHODS: We examine the challenges of UI definition and its subtypes, its impact on quality of life and health-seeking behavior. We review the proposed pathophysiology of UI subtypes and known risk factors as they relate to our current knowledge of the disease state...
May 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286067/future-directions-of-research-and-care-for-urinary-incontinence-findings-from-the-national-institute-of-diabetes-and-digestive-and-kidney-diseases-summit-on-urinary-incontinence-clinical-research-in-women
#13
REVIEW
Toby C Chai, Tirsit S Asfaw, Jan E Baker, Becky Clarkson, Pamela Coleman, Susan Hoffstetter, Kimberly Konkel, Missy Lavender, Shailaja Nair, Jenna Norton, Leslee Subak, Anthony Visco, Robert A Star, Tamara Bavendam
PURPOSE: Female urinary incontinence is prevalent, costly and morbid. Participants in a NIDDK (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) sponsored summit reviewed findings from NIH (National Institutes of Health) funded clinical research on urinary incontinence in women and discussed the future of urinary incontinence research. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The NIDDK convened the Summit on Urinary Incontinence Clinical Research in Women on March 14, 2014...
July 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247647/-epidemiology-of-urinary-disorders-in-men-in-the-russian-federation
#14
I A Korneev, T A Alekseeva, M I Kogan, D Yu Pushkar'
AIM: To compare the results of population studies conducted in the Russian Federation to identify the prevalence, severity and risk factors for urinary disorders in men. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of a survey of 1083 men were analyzed for the age, weight, height, comorbidities with their signs and symptoms, history of surgery on pelvic organs, copulative disorders, and IPSS and quality of life scores. The findings were compared with the results of a survey of 482 Russian men under the protocol of the International Society of Continence (ICS) aimed to identify patients with overactive bladder (OAB), in whom pollakiuria, nocturia, urgency, urinary incontinence, stress-incontinence, poor flow and terminal dribbling were registered...
April 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025686/contasure-needleless%C3%A2-compared-with-monarc%C3%A2-for-the-treatment-of-stress-urinary-incontinence
#15
Sergi Fernandez-Gonzalez, Eva Martinez Franco, Xinxin Lin Miao, Lluis Amat Tardiu
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: For the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI), various retropubic and transobturator techniques have demonstrated high cure rates. Single-incision tapes, such as Contasure-Needleless® (C-NDL), have demonstrated similar cure rates to the inside-out transobturator sling (TVT-O®). The aim of this study was to analyse if C-NDL® is equally as effective as an outside-in transobturator sling (Monarc®) for the treatment of SUI. METHODS: We carried out a prospective, single-centre, randomised trial...
July 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001022/lifetime-risk-of-surgery-for-stress-urinary-incontinence-or-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#16
REVIEW
Maggie F Wilkins, Jennifer M Wu
Understanding and applying the epidemiology and lifetime risk of surgery for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is necessary to provide quality care to a growing and aging female population. Both SUI and POP are prevalent medical conditions, affecting 15-17% and 3-6% of women respectively. While generally not life-threatening, they represent a significant public health burden as they are associated with a decreased quality of life and significant economic impact. Although treatment is considered elective, for many women, the decision to address SUI or POP is necessary in order to regain a normal lifestyle and the lifetime risk for undergoing surgery to address either stress urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse is 20...
April 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881287/obesity-with-comorbid-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-women-a-narrative-review-to-inform-dietetics-practice
#17
REVIEW
Barbara Gordon, Barbara Shorter, Kathy Keenan Isoldi, Robert M Moldwin
Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a common problem among women; clinical treatment guidelines include weight reduction as a strategy for controlling urinary leakage. The purpose of this review was to gather evidence on the association between obesity and SUI and to ascertain whether there are any special considerations for implementing medical nutrition therapy with community-dwelling, obese, adult females with comorbid SUI. Five key findings emerged: epidemiologic studies consistently report statistically significant associations between obesity and SUI, randomized control trials found that weight loss appears to ameliorate SUI symptoms, the SUI-activity link may affect weight management, there is a potential interplay between SUI and the obesity-sleep connection, and dietary components are associated with the exacerbation of urinary symptoms...
June 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826217/danish-urogynaecological-database
#18
Ulla Darling Hansen, Kim Oren Gradel, Michael Due Larsen
The Danish Urogynaecological Database is established in order to ensure high quality of treatment for patients undergoing urogynecological surgery. The database contains details of all women in Denmark undergoing incontinence surgery or pelvic organ prolapse surgery amounting to ~5,200 procedures per year. The variables are collected along the course of treatment of the patient from the referral to a postoperative control. Main variables are prior obstetrical and gynecological history, symptoms, symptom-related quality of life, objective urogynecological findings, type of operation, complications if relevant, implants used if relevant, 3-6-month postoperative recording of symptoms, if any...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780707/temporal-relationship-between-posterior-vaginal-prolapse-and-defecatory-symptoms
#19
Victoria L Handa, Alvaro Muňoz, Joan L Blomquist
BACKGROUND: Posterior vaginal prolapse is thought to cause difficult defecation and splinting for bowel movements. However, the temporal relationship between difficult defecation and prolapse is unknown. Does posterior vaginal prolapse lead to the development of defecation symptoms? Conversely, does difficult defecation lead to posterior prolapse? This prospective longitudinal study offered an opportunity to study these unanswered questions. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the following questions: (1) Are symptoms of difficult defecation more likely to develop (and less likely to resolve) among women with posterior vaginal prolapse? (2) Is posterior vaginal prolapse more likely to develop among women who complain of difficult defecation? STUDY DESIGN: In this longitudinal study, parous women were assessed annually for defecatory symptoms (Epidemiology of Prolapse and Incontinence Questionnaire) and pelvic organ support (POP-Q examination)...
April 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676912/constipation-prevalence-in-multiple-sclerosis-about-a-cohort-of-81-patients
#20
Philippe Gallien, Benoit Nicolas, Aurelie Durufle, Claire Le-Meur, Emilie Leblong, Lucie Chochina, Sandrine Robineau, Sabine Petrilli, Jephte Houedakor
OBJECTIVE: Transit disorders are frequent in multiple sclerosis with an impact on the health related quality of life. However, just a few studies have been published on this subject. Moreover, these studies often concern patients with high EDSS. To get a more accurate view, we conducted an epidemiological study including all patients seen in PRM consultation over a given period. MATERIALS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: All MS patients having been seen in PRM consultation over a 4-month period were questioned about the existence of constipation, its consequences and its management...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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