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incontinence, epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791640/factors-associated-to-the-dependence-of-older-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-2
#1
Adélia Dayane Guimarães Fonseca, Carla Silvana de Oliveira E Silva, Dulce Aparecida Barbosa, Elaine Cristina Santos Alves, Lucinéia de Pinho, Maria Fernanda Santos Figueiredo Brito, Mônica Antar Gamba
OBJECTIVE: to identify factors associated to the dependence of older adults with Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Method: analytical and epidemiological study with 99 older adults. The Brazilian Multidimensional Functional Assessment Questionnaire and a questionnaire composed by socio-demographic and clinical variables were used. The independent variables were described and compared to the level of dependence obtained by the chi-square test or the Fisher test, the strength of association was estimated by Odds Ratio and multiple regression...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753829/the-role-of-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-in-the-conservative-and-surgical-management-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-does-the-strength-of-the-pelvic-floor-muscles-matter
#2
REVIEW
Anna Maria Lasak, Marjorie Jean-Michel, Phuong Uyen Le, Roshni Durgam, Jessica Harroche
The purpose of this review is to provide an in-depth overview of the role of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) in the management of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The definition, epidemiology, and pathogenesis of SUI are described. We review the anatomy of the pelvic floor muscles (PFM) and the importance of pelvic floor muscle strength in maintaining urinary continence and establishing normal voiding function. A brief description of the surgical options currently available for SUI and the existing data regarding the role of perioperative PFMT for SUI are included...
May 10, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752141/predictors-of-falls-in-older-survivors-of-breast-and-prostate-cancer-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-medicare-health-outcomes-survey-linkage
#3
Min H Huang, Jennifer Blackwood, Monica Godoshian, Lucinda Pfalzer
OBJECTIVES: To identify predictors of falls in older breast and prostate cancer survivors. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study analyzed population-based Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results-Medicare Health Outcomes Survey (SEER-MHOS) linkage. Inclusion criteria were age >65 years at cancer diagnosis, first primary female breast or prostate cancer, cancer staging information available, completion of baseline MHOS during years 2-3 and follow-up MHOS during years 4-5 post-diagnosis, and falls information available...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727374/differences-in-pelvic-floor-symptoms-during-pregnancy-between-hispanic-and-non-hispanic-white-women
#4
Hanna M Saltzman, Marlene J Egger, Tyler Bardsley, Qian Ding, Janet M Shaw, Ingrid E Nygaard
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe and compare pelvic floor symptoms and symptom burden between nulliparous Hispanic and non-Hispanic white women in the third trimester of pregnancy and to determine, in women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI), whether bother differs between groups, adjusted for UI severity. METHODS: In this cross-sectional analysis, participants completed the Epidemiology of Prolapse and Incontinence and Incontinence Severity Index questionnaires...
April 28, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722751/incontinence-associated-dermatitis-and-intertriginous-dermatitis-as-nurse-sensitive-quality-indicators-a-delphi-study
#5
Mary Arnold-Long, Kevin Emmons, John D Chovan
PURPOSE: This purpose of this study was to determine whether consensus exists concerning the need to collect epidemiologic data about 2 forms of moisture-associated skin damage, incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) and intertriginous dermatitis (ITD), and whether these data should be part of data routinely collected as part of the National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators (NDNQI). DESIGN: Modified Delphi technique. SAMPLE AND SETTING: Questionnaires were sent via e-mail to 50 identified experts, with an initial response of 17...
May 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656863/prevalence-of-functional-defecation-disorders-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Ilan J N Koppen, Mana H Vriesman, Miguel Saps, Shaman Rajindrajith, Xiaoxia Shi, Faridi S van Etten-Jamaludin, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Marc A Benninga, Merit M Tabbers
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature regarding the epidemiology of functional constipation and functional nonretentive fecal incontinence (FNRFI) in children. Secondary objectives were to assess the geographical, age, and sex distribution of functional constipation and FNRFI and to evaluate associated factors. STUDY DESIGN: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Embase databases were searched from 2006 until September 2017. The following inclusion criteria were applied: (1) prospective studies of population-based samples; (2) reporting on the prevalence of functional constipation or FNRFI according to the Rome III/IV criteria; (3) in children aged 0-18 years; and (4) published in full manuscript form...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617084/functional-outcomes-and-quality-of-life-after-transobturatory-slings-hand-made-vs-commercial-slings
#7
Danilo Budib Lourenço, Fernando Korkes, José Eduardo Vetorazzo, Silvia da Silva Carramão, Antônio Pedro Flores Auge, Luis Gustavo Morato de Toledo
Surgical correction is the most efficient treatment for stress urinary incontinence (SUI), and transobturator sling (TO) has optimal results. The high cost of commercially available sling kits makes it difficult the access in most Brazilian public health services. Hand-made polypropylene slings, on the other hand, have been previously reported. The aim of the present study was to compare the effectiveness and safety of commercial vs. hand-made polypropylene mesh slings. Data from 57 women who underwent consecutive TO sling surgery to treat SUI were pros-pectively collected between 2012 and 2014, and divided in two groups for further comparison...
February 28, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500142/-anal-incontinence-and-obstetrical-anal-sphincter-injuries-epidemiology-and-prevention
#8
X Fritel, B Gachon, D Desseauve, T Thubert
Our main objectives were to identify risk factors, methods for early diagnosis, and prevention of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIs), using a literature review. The main risk factors for OASIs are nulliparity, instrumental delivery, posterior presentation, median episiotomy, prolonged second phase of labor and fetal macrosomia. Asian origin, short ano-vulvar distance, ligamentous hyperlaxity, lack of expulsion control, non-visualization of the perineum or maneuvers for shoulder dystocia also appear to be risk factors...
April 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474287/a-systematic-review-of-frailty-assessments-in-women-with-pelvic-floor-disorders-are-we-following-the-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-american-geriatric-society-guidelines
#9
Aldene Zeno, Pedro Alvarez, Tajnoos Yazdany
INTRODUCTION: Associations between frailty and women with pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) are not well understood. This study seeks to describe studies among women with PFD and the associated frailty assessments as recommended in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program/American Geriatric Society (ACS NSQIP/AGS) guidelines. METHODS: This systematic review was registered with PROSPERO using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses guidelines...
March 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406060/female-voiding-dysfunction-and-urinary-incontinence
#10
REVIEW
Amanda Vo, Stephanie J Kielb
Female voiding dysfunction and incontinence are common in the general population and symptoms have been shown to have a significant negative impact on health-related quality of life. This article highlights the epidemiology, evaluation, diagnosis, pharmacologic therapies, and surgical treatment for overactive bladder, stress urinary incontinence, and urogenital fistulas.
March 2018: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393041/surgical-treatment-for-urinary-incontinence-in-women-danish-nationwide-cohort-studies
#11
Margrethe Foss Hansen
This PhD thesis is based on three original articles. The studies were performed at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Herlev University Hospital and at the Center for Clinical Epidemiology, Odense University Hospital. 
Urinary incontinence (UI) is a frequent disorder among women, which for the individual can have physical, psychological and social consequences. The current standard of surgical treatment is the synthetic midurethral sling (MUS), which is a minimal invasive procedure.
As the synthetic MUSs (TVT,TVT-O,TOT) were introduced in the late 1990s, there are only a few studies at the long-term follow-up based on nationwide populations; only a few have reported on the risk of reoperation and there is sparse evidence on which treatment should be used subsequently to failure of synthetic MUSs...
February 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377871/symptom-severity-and-quality-of-life-among-long-term-colorectal-cancer-survivors-compared-with-matched-control-subjects-a-population-based-study
#12
Tae L Hart, Susan T Charles, Mekhala Gunaratne, Nancy N Baxter, Michelle Cotterchio, Zane Cohen, Steven Gallinger
BACKGROUND: Data are lacking regarding physical functioning, psychological well-being, and quality of life among colorectal cancer survivors >10 years postdiagnosis. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine self-reported physical functioning, quality of life, and psychological well-being in long-term colorectal cancer survivors compared with age- and sex-matched unaffected control subjects. DESIGN: Participants completed a cross-sectional survey...
March 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360829/long-term-risks-and-benefits-associated-with-cesarean-delivery-for-mother-baby-and-subsequent-pregnancies-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Oonagh E Keag, Jane E Norman, Sarah J Stock
BACKGROUND: Cesarean birth rates continue to rise worldwide with recent (2016) reported rates of 24.5% in Western Europe, 32% in North America, and 41% in South America. The objective of this systematic review is to describe the long-term risks and benefits of cesarean delivery for mother, baby, and subsequent pregnancies. The primary maternal outcome was pelvic floor dysfunction, the primary baby outcome was asthma, and the primary subsequent pregnancy outcome was perinatal death. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Medline, Embase, Cochrane, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) databases were systematically searched for published studies in human subjects (last search 25 May 2017), supplemented by manual searches...
January 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319744/urinary-incontinence-in-hospital-patients-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#14
Jaqueline Betteloni Junqueira, Vera Lúcia Conceição de Gouveia Santos
OBJECTIVES: to analyze the prevalence of urinary incontinence and its associated factors in hospital patients. METHOD: this is a cross-sectional epidemiological study whose data were collected using the instruments Sociodemographic and Clinical Data, Characteristics of Urinary Leakage and International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Short Form. Prevalence was surveyed on a single day for four consecutive months. Data were analyzed using Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, Student t-test, Mann-Whitney test and logistic regression (forward stepwise)...
January 8, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300291/incontinence-associated-dermatitis-characteristics-and-relationship-to-pressure-injury-a-multisite-epidemiologic-analysis
#15
Mikel Gray, Karen K Giuliano
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to measure the prevalence of incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) among incontinent persons in the acute care setting, characteristics of IAD in this group, and associations among IAD, urinary, fecal, and dual incontinence, immobility, and pressure injury in the sacral area. DESIGN: Descriptive and correlational analysis of data from a large database of IAD, and pressure injuries of sacral area and heels. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: The sample comprised 5342 adult patients in acute care facilities in 36 states representing all regions of the United States...
January 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241925/a-community-based-epidemiological-survey-of-overactive-bladder-and-voiding-dysfunction-in-female-taiwanese-residents-aged-40-years-and-above
#16
Soo-Cheen Ng, Suh-Woan Hu, Gin-Den Chen
OBJECTIVE: This is part of a three-year study designed to evaluate the natural history of lower urinary tract symptoms in local community residents aged 40 years and above in central Taiwan. We evaluated the prevalence of overactive bladder (OAB) and voiding dysfunction (VD) in female residents using validated questionnaires. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A structured questionnaire containing groups of different questionnaires was translated into Chinese and each one was validated separately...
December 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205261/report-and-research-agenda-of-the-american-geriatrics-society-and-national-institute-on-aging-bedside-to-bench-conference-on-urinary-incontinence-in-older-adults-a-translational-research-agenda-for-a-complex-geriatric-syndrome
#17
REVIEW
Camille P Vaughan, Alayne D Markland, Phillip P Smith, Kathryn L Burgio, George A Kuchel
The American Geriatrics Society, with support from the National Institute on Aging and other funders, held its ninth Bedside-to-Bench research conference, entitled "Urinary Incontinence in the Older Adult: A Translational Research Agenda for a Complex Geriatric Syndrome," October 16 to 18, 2016, in Bethesda, Maryland. As part of a conference series addressing three common geriatric syndromes-delirium, sleep and circadian rhythm disturbance, and urinary incontinence-the series highlighted relationships and pertinent clinical and pathophysiological commonalities between these conditions...
April 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175130/urinary-incontinence-is-strongly-associated-with-depression-in-middle-aged-and-older-korean-women-data-from-the-korean-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#18
Young-Mee Lim, Sa Ra Lee, Eun Ji Choi, Kyungah Jeong, Hye Won Chung
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between urinary incontinence (UI) and depression in middle-aged and older Korean women. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 1116 participants diagnosed with UI among 7486 respondents were included in this study, using data from a well-established survey that investigated a nationally representative population: the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing (KLoSA). Computer-assisted personal interviewing was used to assess the status of UI and depression...
January 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169586/the-prevalence-of-urinary-incontinence-in-nulliparous-adolescent-and-middle-aged-women-and-the-associated-risk-factors-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Sania Almousa, Alda Bandin van Loon
Urinary incontinence (UI) has been defined as the complaint of involuntary loss of urine. There is a general belief that UI is experienced almost exclusively by the elderly and women who have given birth. However, epidemiological studies report that young women who are nulliparous also experience UI. The aim of this study was to systematically review studies investigating the prevalence of UI in nulliparous adolescent and middle-aged women and to provide an overview of risk factors associated with UI. The electronic databases PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library were systematically searched for eligible studies...
January 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151168/strengthening-validity-in-studies-of-pelvic-floor-disorders-through-qualitative-research-an-example-from-ethiopia
#20
Astrid Blystad, Guri Rortveit, Janne Lillelid Gjerde, Mulu Muleta, Karen Marie Moland
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: This formative qualitative follow-up study addresses validity concerns in the Dabat Incontinence and Prolapse (DABINCOP) study, which aimed to determine the prevalence of pelvic floor disorders in north-west Ethiopia. A pilot study using a questionnaire validated by pelvic exam showed severe underreporting of clinically relevant pelvic organ prolapse (POP). The objective of the follow-up study was to explore the reasons behind the underreporting and to gather information to strengthen the sensitivity and local relevance of the questionnaire to be employed in the main study...
November 18, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
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