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Critical appraisal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932919/how-does-homelessness-affect-parenting-behaviour-a-systematic-critical-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-qualitative-research
#1
REVIEW
Caroline Bradley, John McGowan, Daniel Michelson
The adverse social and physical conditions of homelessness pose significant developmental risks for children, which may be compounded or buffered by the quality of parenting behaviour they are exposed to. There is currently a limited understanding of how parents approach their care-giving role and responsibilities while adjusting to the experience of homelessness. Advancing knowledge in this area is essential for developing acceptable, appropriate and effective interventions to support highly marginalised and vulnerable homeless families...
September 20, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932014/the-effectiveness-of-physiotherapy-interventions-for-sacroiliac-joint-dysfunction-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Moayad Al-Subahi, Mohamed Alayat, Mansour Abdullah Alshehri, Omar Helal, Hammad Alhasan, Ahmed Alalawi, Abdullah Takrouni, Ali Alfaqeh
[Purpose] The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of physical therapy interventions in the treatment of sacroiliac joint dysfunction (SIJD). [Subjects and Methods] MEDLINE, PUBMED, CINAHL, AMED, PEDro, and CIRRIE databases were searched and only relevant data from studies that matched the inclusion criteria were included. CASP tools for critical appraisal were used to assess the quality of studies included. [Results] Nine articles met the inclusion criteria, of which, three examined the effect of exercise on SIJD, three used kinesio tape and four studies examined the effect of manipulation...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931479/are-new-nurses-work-ready-the-impact-of-preceptorship-an-integrative-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Karen-Leigh Edward, Karen Ousey, John Playle, Jo-Ann Giandinoto
The aim of this integrative systematic review was to systematically search, critically appraise, and summarise reported research related to readiness to practice and types of clinical support offered to newly registered nurses and preregistration nurses (such as, mentoring, preceptorship, or clinical facilitation). The review was undertaken in February 2017. The databases of Medline, CINAHL, Academic Search Complete, and Cochrane Library were searched. The search returned 137 articles. The final number of papers (after screening and exclusions) was 15 articles related to the topic...
September 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931454/the-experience-of-informal-caregivers-of-patients-with-motor-neurone-disease-a-thematic-synthesis
#4
Lucy Holkham, Andy Soundy
OBJECTIVE: Research is required in order to illustrate and detail the experiences of informal caregivers of patients with motor neurone disease (pwMND) to further advance the research base and to inform the development of future support structures and services. Due to the heterogeneous nature of caregiving for pwMND, one way in which this can be achieved is through a qualitative review. A qualitative thematic analysis of existing qualitative studies has not, to the best of the authors' knowledge, been previously undertaken...
September 21, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929996/why-are-psychotic-experiences-associated-with-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviours-a-systematic-review-and-critical-appraisal-of-potential-confounding-and-mediating-factors
#5
E Hielscher, J E DeVylder, S Saha, M Connell, J G Scott
Psychotic experiences (PEs), including hallucination- and delusion-like experiences, are robustly associated with self-injurious thoughts and behaviours (SITB) in the general population. However, it remains unclear as to why there is an association. The purpose of this systematic review was to elucidate the role of other factors that influence the association between PEs and SITB and, in doing so, highlight potential mechanisms underlying the relationship. A search of electronic international databases was undertaken, including PubMed, PsycINFO and EMBASE, and eligible studies were grouped according to seven confounder categories: sociodemographics, mental disorders, alcohol and substance use, environmental, psychological, intervention and family history/genetic factors...
September 20, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927863/fast-and-slow-thinking-in-distressing-delusions-a-review-of-the-literature-and-implications-for-targeted-therapy
#6
Thomas Ward, Philippa A Garety
The recent literature on reasoning biases in psychosis and delusions is reviewed. The state-of-the-art knowledge from systematic reviews and meta-analyses on the evidence for jumping to conclusions is briefly summarised, before a fuller discussion of the more recent empirical literature on belief flexibility as applied to delusions. The methodology and evidence in relation to studies of belief flexibility and the Bias Against Disconfirmatory Evidence (BADE) across the delusional continuum will be critically appraised, and implications drawn for improving cognitive therapy...
September 16, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922791/targeting-hypoxia-to-improve-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-outcome
#7
Ahmed Salem, Marie-Claude Asselin, Bart Reymen, Alan Jackson, Philippe Lambin, Catharine M L West, James P B O'Connor, Corinne Faivre-Finn
Oxygen deprivation (hypoxia) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is an important factor in treatment resistance and poor survival. Hypoxia is an attractive therapeutic target, particularly in the context of radiotherapy, which is delivered to more than half of NSCLC patients. However, NSCLC hypoxia-targeted therapy trials have not yet translated into patient benefit. Recently, early termination of promising evofosfamide and tarloxotinib bromide studies due to futility highlighted the need for a paradigm shift in our approach to avoid disappointments in future trials...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920448/assessing-the-impact-of-headaches-and-the-outcomes-of-treatment-a-systematic-review-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-proms
#8
Kirstie L Haywood, Tom S Mars, Rachel Potter, Shilpa Patel, Manjit Matharu, Martin Underwood
Aims To critically appraise, compare and synthesise the quality and acceptability of multi-item patient reported outcome measures for adults with chronic or episodic headache. Methods Systematic literature searches of major databases (1980-2016) to identify published evidence of PROM measurement and practical properties. Data on study quality (COSMIN), measurement and practical properties per measure were extracted and assessed against accepted standards to inform an evidence synthesis. Results From 10,903 reviewed abstracts, 103 articles were assessed in full; 46 provided evidence for 23 PROMs: Eleven specific to the health-related impact of migraine (n = 5) or headache (n = 6); six assessed migraine-specific treatment response/satisfaction; six were generic measures...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918706/speech-intelligibility-benefits-of-frequency-lowering-algorithms-in-adult-hearing-aid-users-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Andrea Simpson, Alicia Bond, Michelle Loeliger, Sandy Clarke
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review evaluated the effectiveness of two frequency-lowering schemes, non-linear frequency compression and frequency transposition, at improving speech intelligibility for adult hearing-impaired populations. DESIGN: A systematic search of 10 electronic databases was carried out using pre-defined inclusion criteria. Accepted articles were then critically appraised using the Effective Public Health Practice Project (EPHPP) Critical Appraisal Tool...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918106/patients%C3%AC-experiences-of-patient-education-on-psychiatric-inpatient-wards-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
S T Kristiansen, P Videbech, M Kragh, C N Thisted, M B Bjerrum
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the evidence on how patients with serious mental disorders perceived patient education on psychiatric wards and to learn more about the patient perceived benefits and limitations related to patient education and how well patient education meets the perceived needs of inpatients. METHODS: Quantitative and qualitative data were categorized and synthesized. A systematic literature search was conducted. Articles were validated using validated critical appraisal tools...
September 12, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917571/academy-of-dental-materials-guidance-resin-composites-part-ii-technique-sensitivity-handling-polymerization-dimensional-changes
#11
J L Ferracane, T J Hilton, J W Stansbury, D C Watts, N Silikas, N Ilie, S Heintze, M Cadenaro, R Hickel
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work, commissioned by the Academy of Dental Materials, was to review and critically appraise test methods to characterize properties related to critical issues for dental resin composites, including technique sensitivity and handling, polymerization, and dimensional stability, in order to provide specific guidance to investigators planning studies of these properties. METHODS: The properties that relate to each of the main clinical issues identified were ranked in terms of their priority for testing, and the specific test methods within each property were ranked...
September 13, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917286/intraoperative-3d-computed-tomography-spine-surgery
#12
REVIEW
Stephanie E Adamczak, Frank J Bova, Daniel J Hoh
Spinal instrumentation often involves placing implants without direct visualization of their trajectory or proximity to adjacent neurovascular structures. Two-dimensional fluoroscopy is commonly used to navigate implant placement, but with the advent of computed tomography, followed by the invention of a mobile scanner with an open gantry, three-dimensional (3D) navigation is now widely used. This article critically appraises the available literature to assess the influence of 3D navigation on radiation exposure, accuracy of instrumentation, operative time, and patient outcomes...
October 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917219/reuma-pt-contribution-to-the-knowledge-of-immune-mediated-systemic-rheumatic-diseases
#13
Maria José Santos, Helena Canhão, Ana Filipa Mourão, Filipa Oliveira Ramos, Cristina Ponte, Cátia Duarte, Anabela Barcelos, Fernando Martins, José António Melo Gomes
Patient registries are key instruments aimed at a better understanding of the natural history of diseases, at assessing the effectiveness of therapeutic interventions, as well as identifying rare events or outcomes that are not captured in clinical trials. However, the potential of registries goes far beyond these aspects. For example, registries promote the standardization of clinical practice, can also provide information on domains that are not routinely collected in clinical practice and can support decision-making...
September 14, 2017: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916894/critical-appraisal-of-the-impact-of-individual-surgeon-experience-on-the-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-liver-resection-in-the-modern-era-collective-experience-of-multiple-surgeons-at-a-single-institution-with-324-consecutive-cases
#14
Brian K P Goh, Jin-Yao Teo, Ser-Yee Lee, Juinn-Huar Kam, Peng-Chung Cheow, Premaraj Jeyaraj, Pierce K H Chow, London L P J Ooi, Alexander Y F Chung, Chung-Yip Chan
BACKGROUND: Most studies analyzing the learning experience of laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) focused on the experience of one or two expert pioneering surgeons. This study aims to critically analyze the impact of individual surgeon experience on the outcomes of LLR based on the contemporary collective experiences of multiple surgeons at single institution. METHODS: Retrospective review of 324 consecutive LLR from 2006 to 2016. The cases were performed by 10 surgeons over various time periods...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916490/decision-making-about-healthcare-related-tests-and-diagnostic-strategies-a-systematic-review-shows-limitations-in-most-tools-designed-to-assess-quality-and-develop-recommendations
#15
Reem A Mustafa, Wojtek Wiercioch, Maicon Falavigna, Yuan Zhang, Liudmila Ivanova, Ingrid Arevalo-Rodriguez, Adrienne Cheung, Barbara Prediger, Matthew Ventresca, Jan Brozek, Nancy Santesso, Patrick Bossuyt, Amit X Garg, Nancy Lloyd, Monika Lelgemann, Diedrich Bühler, Holger J Schünemann
OBJECTIVES: To identify and describe critical appraisal tools designed for assessing the quality of evidence (QoE) and/or strength of recommendations (SoR) related to healthcare related tests and diagnostic strategies (HCTDS). STUDY DESIGN: and Settings: We conducted a systematic review to identify tools applied in guidelines, methodological articles, and systematic reviews to assess HCTDS. RESULTS: We screened 5534 titles and abstracts, 1004 full text articles, and abstracted data from 330 references...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915891/inflammatory-bowel-disease-specific-health-related-quality-of-life-instruments-a-systematic-review-of-measurement-properties
#16
REVIEW
Xin-Lin Chen, Liang-Huan Zhong, Yi Wen, Tian-Wen Liu, Xiao-Ying Li, Zheng-Kun Hou, Yue Hu, Chuan-Wei Mo, Feng-Bin Liu
BACKGROUND: This review aims to critically appraise and compare the measurement properties of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-specific health-related quality of life instruments. METHODS: Medline, EMBASE and ISI Web of Knowledge were searched from their inception to May 2016. IBD-specific instruments for patients with Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis or IBD were enrolled. The basic characteristics and domains of the instruments were collected. The methodological quality of measurement properties and measurement properties of the instruments were assessed...
September 15, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915505/hypertension-risk-and-clinical-care-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-or-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Luis Ayerbe, Ivo Forgnone, Juliet Addo, Ana Siguero, Stefano Gelati, Salma Ayis
BACKGROUND: A higher cardiovascular morbidity and mortality has been observed in patients with bipolar disorder (BPD) or schizophrenia, partly due to an increased risk of hypertension (HTN), or a less effective care of it. This systematic review and meta-analysis, presents a critical appraisal and summary of the studies addressing the risk of HTN, or the differences in its care, for those with schizophrenia or BPD. METHODS: Prospective studies were searched in PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, Scopus, and the Web of Science, from database inception to June 2017...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915472/-assessing-the-methodological-quality-of-systematic-reviews-in-radiation-oncology-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Haroon Hasan, Taaha Muhammed, Jennifer Yu, Kelsi Taguchi, Osama A Samargandi, A Fuchsia Howard, Andrea C Lo, Robert Olson, Karen Goddard
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the methodological quality of systematic reviews and meta-analyses in Radiation Oncology. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted for all eligible systematic reviews and meta-analyses in Radiation Oncology from 1966 to 2015. Methodological characteristics were abstracted from all works that satisfied the inclusion criteria and quality was assessed using the critical appraisal tool, AMSTAR. Regression analyses were performed to determine factors associated with a higher score of quality...
September 12, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914678/update-topical-antimicrobial-agents-for-chronic-wounds
#19
R Gary Sibbald, James A Elliott, Luvneed Verma, Alisa Brandon, Reneeka Persaud, Elizabeth A Ayello
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information on the use of topical antimicrobial agents for the treatment of chronic wounds. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to:1. Examine features of wounds and wound healing as well as the purpose of specific antimicrobial agents...
October 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914440/olaratumab-in-combination-with-doxorubicin-for-the-treatment-of-advanced-soft-tissue-sarcoma-an-evidence-review-group-perspective-of-a-national-institute-for-health-and-care-excellence-single-technology-appraisal
#20
REVIEW
Irina A Tikhonova, Tracey Jones-Hughes, James Dunham, Fiona C Warren, Sophie Robinson, Peter Stephens, Martin Hoyle
The manufacturer of olaratumab (Lartruvo(®)), Eli Lilly & Company Limited, submitted evidence for the clinical and cost effectiveness of this drug, in combination with doxorubicin, for untreated advanced soft tissue sarcoma (STS) not amenable to surgery or radiotherapy, as part of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Single Technology Appraisal process. The Peninsula Technology Assessment Group, commissioned to act as the Evidence Review Group (ERG), critically reviewed the company's submission...
September 15, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
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