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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089707/understanding-infant-eating-behaviour-lessons-learned-from-observation
#1
REVIEW
Marion M Hetherington
Observations of human infants during feeding presents a rich source of data to identify the ways in which hunger, appetite and satiety are communicated in early life. Infants signal appetite through their interest or disinterest in food using a series of communication cues from rapid and transient facial expressions to subtle or potent gestures and bodily movements through to vocalisations and eventually speech. Even in the first days of life facial expressions in response to basic tastes are clearly demonstrated and shared between human infants, other primates and the rat...
January 12, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071605/carbon-nanotube-on-eraser-based-eco-friendly-fabrication-of-skin-like-large-area-matrix-of-flexible-strain-and-pressure-sensor
#2
Parikshit Sahatiya, Sushmee Badhulika
This paper reports a new type of electronic, recoverable skin-like pressure and strain sensor on flexible, bio-degradable pencil eraser substrate and has been fabricated by a solvent-free, low-cost and energy efficient process. Multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNTs) film as strain sensing element was patterned on pencil eraser by rolling pin and pre-compaction mechanical press which induces high interfacial bonding between the MWCNTs and eraser substrate which enables the sensor to achieve recoverability under ambient conditions...
January 10, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063434/integral-steric-asymmetry-in-the-inelastic-scattering-of-no-x-2-%C3%AE
#3
M Brouard, S D S Gordon, A Hackett Boyle, C G Heid, B Nichols, V Walpole, F J Aoiz, S Stolte
The integral steric asymmetry for the inelastic scattering of NO(X) by a variety of collision partners was recorded using a crossed molecular beam apparatus. The initial state of the NO(X, v = 0, j = 1/2, Ω=1/2, ϵ=-1,f) molecule was selected using a hexapole electric field, before the NO bond axis was oriented in a static electric field, allowing probing of the scattering of the collision partner at either the N- or O-end of the molecule. Scattered NO molecules were state selectively probed using (1 + 1') resonantly enhanced multiphoton ionisation, coupled with velocity-map ion imaging...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051874/effects-of-a-passive-online-software-application-on-heart-rate-variability-and-autonomic-nervous-system-balance
#4
Beverly Rubik
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether short-term exposure to a passive online software application of purported subtle energy technology would affect heart rate variability (HRV) and associated autonomic nervous system measures. METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blinded, sham-controlled clinical trial (RCT). The study took place in a nonprofit laboratory in Emeryville, California. Twenty healthy, nonsmoking subjects (16 females), aged 40-75 years, participated...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049305/intermolecular-dissociation-energies-of-dispersively-bound-1-naphthol%C3%A2-cycloalkane-complexes
#5
Surajit Maity, Philipp Ottiger, Franziska A Balmer, Richard Knochenmuss, Samuel Leutwyler
Intermolecular dissociation energies D0(S0) of the supersonic jet-cooled complexes of 1-naphthol (1NpOH) with cyclopentane, cyclohexane, and cycloheptane were determined to within <0.5% using the stimulated-emission pumping resonant two-photon ionization method. The ground state D0(S0) values are bracketed as 20.23±0.07 kJ/mol for 1NpOH⋅cyclopentane, 20.34±0.04 kJ/mol for 1NpOH⋅cyclohexane, and 22.07±0.10 kJ/mol for two isomers of 1NpOH⋅cycloheptane. Upon S0→S1 excitation of the 1-naphthol chromophore, the dissociation energies of the 1NpOH⋅cycloalkane complexes increase from 0...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042820/scrms-an-rfid-and-sensor-web-enabled-smart-cultural-relics-management-system
#6
Changjiang Xiao, Nengcheng Chen, Dandan Li, You Lv, Jianya Gong
Cultural relics represent national or even global resources of inestimable value. How to efficiently manage and preserve these cultural relics is a vitally important issue. To achieve this goal, this study proposed, designed, and implemented an RFID and Sensor Web-enabled smart cultural relics management system (SCRMS). In this system, active photovoltaic subtle energy-powered Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is used for long-range contactless identification and lifecycle management of cultural relics during their storage and circulation...
December 30, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034318/sensitive-and-precise-characterization-of-combinatorial-histone-modifications-by-selective-derivatization-coupled-with-rplc-ethcd-ms-ms
#7
Rijing Liao, Dan Zheng, Aiying Nie, Shaolian Zhou, Haibing Deng, Yuan Gao, Pengyuan Yang, Yanyan Yu, Lin Tan, Wei Qi, Jiaxi Wu, En Li, Wei Yi
Deciphering the combinatorial histone codes has been a long-standing interest in the epigenetics field, which requires the reliable and robust characterization of the post-translational modifications (PTMs) coexisting on histones. To this end, weak cation exchange hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography is commonly used in middle-down liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry approaches for online separation of variously modified histone peptides. Here we provide a novel strategy that combines the selective histone peptide derivatization using N-hydroxysuccinimide propionate ester with reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RPLC) for the robust, sensitive, and reliable characterization of combinatorial histone PTMs...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018232/membrane-lipid-microenvironment-modulates-thermodynamic-properties-of-the-na-k-atpase-in-branchial-and-intestinal-epithelia-in-euryhaline-fish-in-vivo
#8
Mario Díaz, Rosa Dópido, Tomás Gómez, Covadonga Rodríguez
We have analyzed the effects of different native membrane lipid composition on the thermodynamic properties of the Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase in different epithelia from the gilthead seabream Sparus aurata. Thermodynamic parameters of activation for the Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase, as well as contents of lipid classes and fatty acids from polar lipids were determined for gill epithelia and enterocytes isolated from pyloric caeca, anterior intestine and posterior intestine. Arrhenius analyses of control animals revealed differences in thermal discontinuity values (Td) and activation energies determined at both sides of Td between intestinal and gill epithelia...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013339/genetics-of-obesity-can-an-old-dog-teach-us-new-tricks
#9
REVIEW
Giles S H Yeo
At one level, obesity is clearly a problem of simple physics, a result of eating too much and not expending enough energy. The more complex question, however, is why do some people eat more than others? Studies of human and mouse genetics over the past two decades have uncovered a number of pathways within the brain that play a key role in the control of food intake. A prime example is the leptin-melanocortin pathway, which we now know greatly contributes to mammalian appetitive behaviour. However, genetic disruption of this pathway remains rare and does not represent the major burden of the disease that is carried by those of us with 'common obesity'...
December 24, 2016: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010073/on-the-tautomerisation-of-porphycene-on-copper-111-finding-the-subtle-balance-between-van-der-waals-interactions-and-hybridisation
#10
Dino Novko, Jean Christophe Tremblay, María Blanco-Rey
We use density-functional theory (DFT) to analyse the interaction of trans- and cis-porphycene with Cu(111) and their interconversion by intramolecular H-transfer. This tautomerisation reaction is characterised by small values for the reaction energy and barrier, on the order of ∼0.1 eV, where the trans configuration is thermodynamically more stable upon adsorption according to the experiments [J. N. Ladenthin et al., ACS Nano 9, 7287-7295 (2015)]. To gain even a qualitatively correct description of this reaction at the DFT level, an accurate treatment of dispersion interactions and a careful choice of the exchange contribution are required in order to predict the subtle energetics...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004774/non-native-three-dimensional-block-copolymer-morphologies
#11
Atikur Rahman, Pawel W Majewski, Gregory Doerk, Charles T Black, Kevin G Yager
Self-assembly is a powerful paradigm, wherein molecules spontaneously form ordered phases exhibiting well-defined nanoscale periodicity and shapes. However, the inherent energy-minimization aspect of self-assembly yields a very limited set of morphologies, such as lamellae or hexagonally packed cylinders. Here, we show how soft self-assembling materials-block copolymer thin films-can be manipulated to form a diverse library of previously unreported morphologies. In this iterative assembly process, each polymer layer acts as both a structural component of the final morphology and a template for directing the order of subsequent layers...
December 22, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000328/inorganic-and-organometallic-molecular-wires-for-single-molecule-devices
#12
Yuya Tanaka, Manabu Kiguchi, Munetaka Akita
Recent developments of single molecule conductance measurements allow us to understand fundamental conducting properties of molecular wires. While a wide variety of organic molecular wires has been studied so far, inorganic and organometallic molecular wires have received much less attention. However, molecular wires with transition metal atoms show interesting features and functions distinct from those of organic wires. These properties originate mainly from metal-ligand dp-pp interactions and metal-metal d-d interactions...
December 21, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991779/rotational-dynamics-of-diazabicyclo-2-2-2-octane-in-isomorphous-halogen-bonded-co-crystals-entropic-and-enthalpic-effects
#13
Luca Catalano, Salvador Perez-Estrada, Hsin-Hua Wang, Anoklase J-L Ayitou, Saeed I Khan, Giancarlo Terraneo, Pierangelo Metrangolo, Stuart Brown, Miguel A Garcia-Garibay
Based on rotational dynamics measurements carried out with isomorphic co-crystals formed by halogen-bonding (XB) between tritylacetylene halides (TrX) and diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (dabco), we were able to distinguish the sources of the enthalpic and entropic components in the rotational free energy barrier. We describe the formation of the 1:1 co-crystals (TrX···N(R)3N) obtained from 1 equiv of dabco and 1 equiv of either TrI or TrBr, respectively, to give 4a and 4b instead of the potential 2:1 complexes...
January 18, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984500/seasonal-changes-in-soccer-players-body-composition-and-dietary-intake-practices
#14
Brooke L Devlin, Michael Kingsley, Michael D Leveritt, Regina Belski
The aims of this study were two-fold: to determine seasonal changes in dietary intake and body composition in elite soccer players and to evaluate the influence of self-determined individual body composition goals on dietary intake and body composition. This longitudinal, observational study assessed body composition (total mass, fat-free soft tissue mass and fat mass) using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and dietary intake (energy and macronutrients) via multiple pass 24-hour recalls, at four time points over a competitive season in elite soccer players from one professional club in the Australian A-League competition...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982143/water-aggregation-and-dissociation-on-the-zno-101-combining-macron-0-surface
#15
Stephane Kenmoe, P Ulrich Biedermann
A comprehensive search for stable structures in the low coverage regime (0-1 ML) and at 2 ML and 3 ML using DFT revealed several new aggregation states of water on the non-polar ZnO(101[combining macron]0) surface. Ladder-like structures consisting of half-dissociated dimers, arranged side-by-side along the polar axis, constitute the most stable aggregate at low coverages (≤1 ML) with a binding energy exceeding that of the monolayer. At coverages beyond the monolayer - a regime that has hardly been studied previously - a novel type of structure with a continuous honeycomb-like 2D network of hydrogen bonds was discovered, where each surface oxygen atom is coordinated by additional H-bonding water molecules...
January 4, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977169/modulating-single-molecule-magnetic-behavior-of-a-dinuclear-erbium-iii-complex-by-solvent-exchange
#16
Jing-Yuan Ge, Long Cui, Jing Li, Fei Yu, You Song, Yi-Quan Zhang, Jing-Lin Zuo, Mohamedally Kurmoo
[Er2(thd)4Pc]·2C6H6 (1) (Hthd = 2,2,6,6-tetramethylheptanedione), obtained as green crystals from the reaction of [Er(thd)3]·2H2O with lithium phthalocyanine, Li2Pc, is a stable dinuclear complex with two Er(III) centers. Its lattice benzene solvent can be exchanged by soaking the crystals in dichloromethane to give [Er2(thd)4Pc]·2CH2Cl2 (2). The magnetic susceptibility data suggest different coupling interactions for the two complexes. While 1 exhibits fast relaxation and an estimated energy barrier of Ea = 2...
January 3, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973870/implications-of-charge-penetration-for-heteroatom-containing-organic-semiconductors
#17
Ganna Gryn'ova, Clemence Corminboeuf
The noncovalent interactions of neutral π-conjugated cores, pertinent to organic semiconductor materials, are intimately related to their charge transport properties and involve a subtle interplay of dispersion, Pauli repulsion, and electrostatic contributions. Realizing structural arrangements that are both energetically preferred and sufficiently conductive is a challenge. We tackle this problem by means of charge penetration contribution to the interaction energy, boosted in systems containing large heteroatoms (e...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966903/critical-role-of-the-sorting-polymer-in-carbon-nanotube-based-minority-carrier-devices
#18
Arun T Mallajosyula, Wanyi Nie, Gautam Gupta, Jeffrey L Blackburn, Stephen K Doorn, Aditya D Mohite
A prerequisite for carbon nanotube-based optoelectronic devices is the ability to sort them into a pure semiconductor phase. One of the most common sorting routes is enabled through using specific wrapping polymers. Here we show that subtle changes in the polymer structure can have a dramatic influence on the figures of merit of a carbon nanotube-based photovoltaic device. By comparing two commonly used polyfluorenes (PFO and PFO-BPy) for wrapping (7,5) and (6,5) chirality SWCNTs, we demonstrate that they have contrasting effects on the device efficiency...
December 27, 2016: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941994/deletion-of-gpr55-results-in-subtle-effects-on-energy-metabolism-motor-activity-and-thermal-pain-sensation
#19
Mikael Bjursell, Erik Ryberg, Tingting Wu, Peter J Greasley, Mohammad Bohlooly-Y, Stephan Hjorth
The G-protein coupled receptor 55 (GPR55) is activated by cannabinoids and non-cannabinoid molecules and has been speculated to play a modulatory role in a large variety of physiological and pathological processes, including in metabolically perturbed states. We therefore generated male mice deficient in the gene coding for the cannabinoid/lysophosphatidylinositol (LPI) receptor Gpr55 and characterized them under normal dietary conditions as well as during high energy dense diet feeding followed by challenge with the CB1 receptor antagonist/GPR55 agonist rimonabant...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935822/adipose-tissue-in-control-of-metabolism
#20
REVIEW
Liping Luo, Meilian Liu
Adipose tissue plays a central role in regulating whole-body energy and glucose homeostasis through its subtle functions at both organ and systemic levels. On one hand, adipose tissue stores energy in the form of lipid and controls the lipid mobilization and distribution in the body. On the other hand, adipose tissue acts as an endocrine organ and produces numerous bioactive factors such as adipokines that communicate with other organs and modulate a range of metabolic pathways. Moreover, brown and beige adipose tissue burn lipid by dissipating energy in the form of heat to maintain euthermia, and have been considered as a new way to counteract obesity...
December 2016: Journal of Endocrinology
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