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Vitamin b and d deficiency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914773/vitamin-d-nutritional-status-and-its-related-factors-for-chinese-children-and-adolescents-in-2010-2012
#1
Yichun Hu, Jing Chen, Rui Wang, Min Li, Chunfeng Yun, Weidong Li, Yanhua Yang, Jianhua Piao, Xiaoguang Yang, Lichen Yang
Vitamin D plays a critical role in calcium and phosphate metabolism and helps maintain skeletal integrity in childhood, yet vitamin D status in Chinese children and adolescents is not well documented. The aim of this study was to assess the vitamin D status and analyze the risk factors for vitamin D deficiency in Chinese children and adolescents aged 6-17 years. Serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) was measured with a radioimmunoassay kit in 15,000 children and adolescent participants in the Chinese national nutrition and health survey (CNNHS) 2010-2012...
September 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904494/vitamin-d-deficiency-does-not-influence-reproductive-outcomes-of-ivf-icsi-a-study-of-oocyte-donors-and-recipients
#2
Manish Banker, Dipesh Sorathiya, Sandeep Shah
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D and its active metabolite, 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D (1,25-(OH)2D3), play a significant role in reproduction. AIM: To assess the effect of serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D level on oocyte quality and endometrial receptivity by studying oocyte donors and their recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study consisted of two groups: Group A (recipient group) and Group B (donor group). All the participants of Groups A1 and B1 as well as Groups A2 and B2 were subcategorized into vitamin D-deficient (<20 ng/mL) and vitamin D replete-insufficient (20 to ≥30 ng/mL), respectively...
April 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902316/dietary-intake-and-adequacy-of-energy-and-nutrients-in-mexican-older-adults-results-from-two-national-health-and-nutrition-surveys
#3
Vanessa De la Cruz-Góngora, Brenda Martínez-Tapia, Lucía Cuevas-Nasu, Mario Flores-Aldana, Teresa Shamah-Levy
Objective: To describe energy and nutrient intakes and their adequacies in older Mexican adults participating in the National Health and Nutrition Survey (Ensanut) 2006 and 2012. Materials and methods: Dietary information was obtained through a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (SFFQ) from 526 adults 60 y and older participating in Ensanut 2012 and 3 326 in Ensanut 2006 in Mexico. Quantile and logistic regression models were used to obtain medians and marginal effects of each nutrient, adjusting by confounders and survey design...
May 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842727/effect-of-vitamin-d3-on-bone-turnover-markers-in-critical-illness-post-hoc-analysis-from-the-vitdal-icu-study
#4
V Schwetz, C Schnedl, T Urbanic-Purkart, C Trummer, H P Dimai, A Fahrleitner-Pammer, C Putz-Bankuti, K B Christopher, B Obermayer-Pietsch, T R Pieber, H Dobnig, K Amrein
In this post hoc analysis of the VITdAL-ICU study, an RCT in critically ill adults with 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels ≤20 ng/ml, vitamin D3 did not have a significant effect on β-Crosslaps and osteocalcin. INTRODUCTION: Observational studies have shown accelerated bone loss in ICU survivors. A reversible contributor is vitamin D deficiency. In a post hoc analysis of the VITdAL-ICU study, we evaluated the effect of high-dose vitamin D3 on the bone turnover markers (BTM) β-Crosslaps (CTX) and osteocalcin (OC)...
August 25, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835676/homozygous-p-ser267phe-in-slc10a1-is-associated-with-a-new-type-of-hypercholanemia-and-implications-for-personalized-medicine
#5
Ruihong Liu, Chuming Chen, Xuefeng Xia, Qijun Liao, Qiong Wang, Paul J Newcombe, Shuhua Xu, Minghui Chen, Yue Ding, Xiaoying Li, Zhihong Liao, Fucheng Li, Minlian Du, Huaiqiu Huang, Ruimin Dong, Weiping Deng, Ye Wang, Binghui Zeng, Qihao Pan, Danhua Jiang, Hao Zeng, Pak Sham, Yingnan Cao, Patrick H Maxwell, Zhi-Liang Gao, Liang Peng, Yiming Wang
SLC10A1 codes for the sodium-taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP), which is a hepatocellular transporter for bile acids (BAs) and the receptor for hepatitis B and D viruses. NTCP is also a target of multiple drugs. We aimed to evaluate the medical consequences of the loss of function mutation p.Ser267Phe in SLC10A1. We identified eight individuals with homozygous p.Ser267Phe mutation in SLC10A1 and followed up for 8-90 months. We compared their total serum BAs and 6 species of BAs with 170 wild-type and 107 heterozygous healthy individuals...
August 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835271/randomized-supplementation-of-4000%C3%A2-iu-vitamin-d3-daily-vs-placebo-on-the-prevalence-of-anemia-in-advanced-heart-failure-the-evita-trial
#6
J B Ernst, S Prokop, U Fuchs, J Dreier, J Kuhn, C Knabbe, H K Berthold, S Pilz, I Gouni-Berthold, J F Gummert, J Börgermann, A Zittermann
BACKGROUND: Low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels (< 75 nmol/l) are inversely associated with anemia prevalence. Since anemia and low 25OHD levels are common in patients with heart failure (HF), we aimed to investigate whether vitamin D supplementation can reduce anemia prevalence in advanced HF. METHODS: EVITA (Effect of Vitamin D on Mortality in Heart Failure) is a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial in patients with initial 25OHD levels < 75 nmol/l...
August 23, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834607/association-of-baseline-vitamin-d-level-with-genetic-determinants-and-virologic-response-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b
#7
Rui Yu, Deming Tan, Qin Ning, Junqi Niu, Xuefan Bai, Shijun Chen, Jun Cheng, Yanyan Yu, Hao Wang, Min Xu, Guangfeng Shi, Mobin Wan, Xinyue Chen, Hong Tang, Jifang Sheng, Xiaoguang Dou, Junping Shi, Hong Ren, Maorong Wang, Hongfei Zhang, Zhiliang Gao, Chengwei Chen, Hong Ma, Jidong Jia, Jinlin Hou, Qing Xie, Jian Sun
AIM: The role of vitamin D in individuals with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is unclear. We aimed to explore the association of baseline vitamin D level with genetic determinants and week-104 treatment outcome in CHB patients. METHODS: Baseline serum 25-hydroxycholecalciferol [25(OH)D] levels and genetic polymorphism within GC, DHCR7 and CYP2R1 were determined in stored serum of 560 patients who were enrolled into a multicenter, randomized, controlled study and completed the 104-week telbivudine monotherapy or telbivudine-based optimized therapy...
August 23, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829533/vitamin-k-supplementation-for-cystic-fibrosis
#8
REVIEW
Vanitha A Jagannath, Vidhu Thaker, Anne B Chang, Amy I Price
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder which can lead to multiorgan dysfunction. Malabsorption of fat and fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K) may occur and can cause subclinical deficiencies of some of these vitamins. Vitamin K is known to play an important role in both blood coagulation and bone formation. Supplementation with vitamin K appears to be one way of addressing the deficiency, but there is very limited agreement on the appropriate dose and frequency of use of these supplements...
August 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829181/prevalence-and-correlates-of-suboptimal-vitamin-d-status-in-people-living-with-psychotic-disorders-data-from-the-australian-survey-of-high-impact-psychosis
#9
Shuichi Suetani, Sukanta Saha, Darryl W Eyles, James G Scott, John J McGrath
OBJECTIVE: Having sufficient sera concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D is important for a range of health outcomes including cardiometabolic diseases. Clinical studies in people with psychotic disorders suggest that a sizable proportion has suboptimal vitamin D status (i.e. vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency). Individuals with psychosis also have many of the risk factors associated with suboptimal vitamin D status such as smoking, obesity, and reduced physical activity. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and socio-demographic and clinical correlates of vitamin D status using a large, population-based sample of adults with psychotic disorders...
September 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828060/prevalence-of-vitamin-d-insufficiency-in-children-with-forearm-fractures
#10
Y Saglam, H Kizildag, G Toprak, N B Alp, E Y Yalcinkaya
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine whether children with distal radius impaction fractures have increased prevalence of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH) D) insufficiency compared with healthy controls. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a prospective controlled study. The 30 children who were diagnosed with forearm fracture at the orthopaedic emergency clinic were included in the study and 30 healthy children from the routine paediatric outpatient unit were included as the control group...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822553/vitamin-d-status-in-growing-dairy-goats-and-sheep-influence-of-ultraviolet-b-radiation-on-bone-metabolism-and-calcium-homeostasis
#11
M V Nemeth, M R Wilkens, A Liesegang
The aim of this study was to investigate how controlled UVB irradiation in combination with reduced nutritional vitamin D (vitD) supply affects vitD status and Ca metabolism of growing goats and sheep. The hypothesis was that, like dairy cows, goats and sheep are able to compensate for the missing nutritional supply of vitD through endogenous production in the skin, with the consequence of a high vitD status and a balanced Ca homeostasis. Sixteen lambs and 14 goat kids aged 3 and a half months were housed in an UVB free environment and fed hay and a vitD-free concentrate over a period of 13 wk...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808645/effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-the-incidence-of-gestational-diabetes
#12
Hatav Ghasemi Tehrani, Fatemeh Mostajeran, Behnaz Banihashemi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was survey of the effect of Vitamin D supplementation on the incidence of gestational diabetes (GDM) in pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted at Alzahra and Shahid Beheshti Hospital in Isfahan, Iran, from January, 2013 to January, 2014 on 210 pregnant women referred to gynecology clinics. Serum levels of Vitamin D were measured, and those with lower serum levels of 10 nmol/L randomly divided into two groups of A and B...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804006/vitamin-d-deficiency-is-a-risk-factor-for-infections-in-patients-affected-by-hcv-related-liver-cirrhosis
#13
Antonio Riccardo Buonomo, Emanuela Zappulo, Riccardo Scotto, Biagio Pinchera, Giuseppe Perruolo, Pietro Formisano, Guglielmo Borgia, Ivan Gentile
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and its impact on infections in HCV-related liver cirrhosis. METHODS: We enrolled 291 patients affected by HCV-related liver cirrhosis. Serum vitamin D levels were dosed at enrolment. The presence of infection was assessed at baseline and during follow-up based on physical examination and laboratory analyses. RESULTS: Vitamin D deficiency (<20ng/mL) was diagnosed in 68.3% of patients, and a total of 102 infections were detected...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792457/impact-of-frequency-of-multi-vitamin-multi-mineral-supplement-intake-on-nutritional-adequacy-and-nutrient-deficiencies-in-u-s-adults
#14
Jeffrey B Blumberg, Balz B Frei, Victor L Fulgoni, Connie M Weaver, Steven H Zeisel
Although >50% of U.S. adults use dietary supplements, little information is available on the impact of supplement use frequency on nutrient intakes and deficiencies. Based on nationally representative data in 10,698 adults from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) 2009 to 2012, assessments were made of intakes from food alone versus food plus multi-vitamin/multi-mineral supplements (MVMS) of 17 nutrients with an Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) and a Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL), and of the status of five nutrients with recognized biomarkers of deficiency...
August 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774952/vitamin-d-supplementation-of-initially-vitamin-d-deficient-mice-diminishes-lung-inflammation-with-limited-effects-on-pulmonary-epithelial-integrity
#15
Shelley Gorman, Alysia G Buckley, Kak-Ming Ling, Luke J Berry, Vanessa S Fear, Stephen M Stick, Alexander N Larcombe, Anthony Kicic, Prue H Hart
In disease settings, vitamin D may be important for maintaining optimal lung epithelial integrity and suppressing inflammation, but less is known of its effects prior to disease onset. Female BALB/c dams were fed a vitamin D3-supplemented (2280 IU/kg, VitD(+)) or nonsupplemented (0 IU/kg, VitD(-)) diet from 3 weeks of age, and mated at 8 weeks of age. Male offspring were fed the same diet as their mother. Some offspring initially fed the VitD(-) diet were switched to a VitD(+) diet from 8 weeks of age (VitD(-/+))...
August 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764147/study-of-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphism-foki-taqi-and-apai-among-prostate-cancer-patients-in-north-india
#16
Pankaj Ramrao Kambale, Deepa Haldar, B C Kabi, Kalpana Pankaj Kambale
INTRODUCTION: Incidence of prostate cancer is rising worldwide. Multiple factors have been suggested for the aetiology of prostate cancer including ethnic, genetic and diet. Vitamin D (calcitriol) has been shown to have role in cell growth and differentiation and its deficiency is implicated as one of the aetiological factors in prostate cancer. Prostatic epithelial cells express Vitamin D Receptor (VDR) as well as 1α- hydroxylase enzyme that are required for the synthesis of calcitriol and its action...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746059/nutrition-micronutrients-in-child-growth-and-development-a-systematic-review-on-current-evidence-recommendations-and-opportunities-for-further-research
#17
Mohammad Yawar Yakoob, Clifford W Lo
OBJECTIVE: An important aspect of malnutrition is deficiency of different micronutrients during pregnancy or early childhood. We systematically reviewed the role of nutrition in child growth (weight or height gain) and development. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was done on PubMed/Cochrane Library browsing through 38,795 abstracts until December 31, 2016 to select systematic reviews/meta-analyses and individual randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of micronutrient supplementation...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742214/association-of-combined-gif290t-c-heterozygous-mutation-fut2-secretor-variant-with-neural-tube-defects
#18
R M Guéant-Rodriguez, C Chery, B-M Fofou-Caillierez, J Voirin, B Foliguet, T Josse, D Tramoy, F François, J-L Guéant
Folate and vitamin B12 are needed for the proper embryo-fetal development possibly through their interacting role in the one-carbon metabolism. Folate fortification reduces the prevalence of complex birth defects, and more specifically neural tube defects (NTD). GIF and FUT2 are two genes associated with the uptake and blood level of vitamin B12. We evaluated GIF and FUT2 as predictors of severe birth defects, in 181 aborted fetuses compared to 375 healthy newborns. The GIF290C allele frequency was estimated to 0...
July 25, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739347/association-of-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphism-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-the-kashmir-valley
#19
Rawoof Malik, Rabia Farooq, Promela Mehta, Sheikh Ishaq, Insha Din, Parvaiz Shah, Sabhiya Majid
OBJECTIVES: Approx 1 billion people across various ethnic and age groups have vitamin D deficiency. The high prevalence of such a deficiency is an imperative public health issue because hypovitaminosis D is an autonomous risk factor for mortality in the general population. Beyond bone integrity and calcium homeostasis, it is involved in numerous physiologic and pathologic processes. The role of vitamin D in the pathogenesis and prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus has sparked universal interest...
July 21, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737667/prenatal-vitamin-d-intake-cord-blood-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-offspring-body-composition-the-healthy-start-study
#20
Katherine A Sauder, Hallie J Koeppen, Allison L B Shapiro, Kathryn E Kalata, Alexandra V Stamatoiu, Brandy M Ringham, Deborah H Glueck, Jill M Norris, Dana Dabelea
Vitamin D deficiency in pregnancy may be associated with increased offspring adiposity, but evidence from human studies is inconclusive. We examined associations between prenatal vitamin D intake, 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in cord blood, and offspring size and body composition at birth and 5 months. Participants included 605 mother-offspring dyads from the Healthy Start study, an ongoing, pre-birth prospective cohort study in Denver, Colorado, USA. Prenatal vitamin D intake was assessed with diet recalls and questionnaires, and offspring body composition was measured via air displacement plethysmography at birth and 5 months...
July 22, 2017: Nutrients
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