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Vitamin b and d deficiency

Armin Zittermann, Jana B Ernst, Sylvana Prokop, Uwe Fuchs, Jens Dreier, Joachim Kuhn, Cornelius Knabbe, Heiner K Berthold, Ioanna Gouni-Berthold, Jan F Gummert, Jochen Börgermann, Stefan Pilz
PURPOSE: Observational studies indicate a positive association between circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and testosterone (T) concentrations. Because low 25OHD concentrations and T deficiency are considered to be a generalized phenomenon in patients with advanced heart failure (HF), we aimed to investigate whether vitamin D supplementation has beneficial effects on T indices in these patients. METHODS: In a pre-specified secondary analysis of the EVITA (effect of vitamin D on mortality in heart failure) randomized controlled trial, we analyzed in male subjects with 25OHD concentrations < 75 nmol/L the effect of a daily vitamin D3 supplement of 4000 IU for 3 years (n = 71) vs...
March 15, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Bei Tan, Pan Li, Hong Lv, Hong Yang, Yue Li, Ji Li, Ou Wang, Jiaming Qian
AIMS: To assess the necessity and efficacy of vitamin D supplementation in Chinese inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients with vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency. METHODS: Seventy-four ulcerative colitis (UC) patients and 71 Crohn's disease (CD) patients were randomly assigned into one of 3 arms for 12 months: Arm A (vitamin D3 150000IU per 3 months plus calcium 600mg oral daily); Arm B (calcium 600mg oral daily), and Arm C (vehicle control group), all in addition to conventional IBD treatment...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Digestive Diseases
Young-Nam Kim, Ji Hyeon Hwang, Youn-Ok Cho
Information is limited on the current vitamin B12 status of South Koreans, including the results of biochemical indices. The objective of this study was to assess vitamin B12 status with vitamin B12 intake, major food sources, and plasma vitamin B12 concentration in Korean adults. We hypothesized that vitamin B12 intake and status would be different between sex and age groups. Three consecutive 24-hour recalls and fasting blood samples were obtained from healthy 20- to 64-year-old adults (N=141). The dietary vitamin B12 intake of the men (10...
February 2018: Nutrition Research
Linda R Wang, Adam D McIntyre, Robert A Hegele
BACKGROUND: Abetalipoproteinemia and homozygous hypobetalipoproteinemia are classical Mendelian autosomal recessive and co-dominant conditions, respectively, which are phenotypically similar and are usually caused by bi-allelic mutations in MTTP and APOB genes, respectively. Instances of more complex patterns of genomic variants resulting in this distinct phenotype have not been reported. METHODS: A 43 year-old male had a longstanding severe deficiency of apolipoprotein (apo) B-containing lipoproteins and circulating fat soluble vitamins consistent with either abetalipoproteinemia or homozygous familial hypobetalipoproteinemia (FHBL)...
March 14, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
Eman Farid, Ahmed A Jaradat, Ola Al-Segai, Adla B Hassan
Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) has been implicated as an important factor in the development or aggravation of systemic lupus erythematous (SLE). Patients with SLE are especially prone to the development of VDD due to the nature of their illness and avoidance of sun exposure. The prevalence of VD status in Bahraini patients with SLE has not been studied. Our aim is to study the prevalence of VDD in Bahraini cohort with SLE. Fifty-eight Bahraini patients with SLE were included retrospectively in this study. Most of the patients were females 50/58...
June 2017: Egyptian Journal of Immunology
Vladislava T Djurasinović, Biljana S Mihaljević, Sandra B Šipetić Grujičić, Svetlana D Ignjatović, Goran Trajković, Milena R Todorović-Balint, Darko A Antić, Jelena S Bila, Boško M Andjelić, Jelena J Jeličić, Vojin M Vuković, Aleksandra M Nikolic, Stanislaw Klek
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D has a role in cellular differentiation, proliferation, apoptosis, and angiogenesis and therefore is studied as a prognostic factor in cancer. The aim of our study was to assess the prevalence and significance of 25(OH)D deficiency in patients with lymphoid malignancies. METHODOLOGY: Between January 2014 and June 2016 at the Clinic for Hematology, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, the pretreatment serum level of 25(OH)D was determined in 133 (62 women/71 men, median age 58 (18-84) years) previously untreated patients with lymphoid malignancy using a chemiluminescent immunoassay...
March 6, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Bushra Parveen, Manjari Tripathi, Divya Vohora
Long-term anti-epileptic drug (AED) therapy compromises bone health. Though vitamin-D deficiency is proposed to be involved, it alone is not held responsible. This accounts for investigating other mechanisms in bone accrual. Recent studies have shown modulation of inhibitors of wnt pathway, sclerostin and dickkopf-1 (DKK-1), in glucocorticoids-induced osteoporosis. We investigated whether AED monotherapy modulates wnt inhibitors in Indian women with epilepsy. Women of age > 20-40 years with the diagnosis of epilepsy and receiving AEDs (carbamazepine, valproate and levetiracetam) for at least a year were enrolled...
March 5, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Geisiane Custódio, Patrícia Schwarz, Daisy Crispim, Rafael B Moraes, Mauro Czepielewski, Cristiane B Leitão, Tatiana H Rech
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D insufficiency is linked to several common inflammatory disorders. Brain death (BD) causes a massive catecholamine release, leading to intense inflammatory activity. We aimed to evaluate vitamin D serum levels in brain-dead individuals in comparison to critically ill patients without BD to assess the correlation between vitamin D and cytokine levels. METHODS: Sixteen brain-dead patients and 32 critically ill controls were prospectively enrolled...
February 28, 2018: Transplant Immunology
Jamie Perin, Gregory Prokopowicz, Margaret Furtado, Konstantinos Papas, Kimberley E Steele
BACKGROUND: Vitamin and mineral deficiencies are common following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and can lead to significant morbidity, but little research on the efficacy of vitamin supplementation regimens exists. We compared the efficacy and tolerability of an investigational versus a standard multivitamin regimen in patients undergoing RYGB. METHODS: Fifty-six patients, aged 18 to 65, were randomized to an investigational versus a standard multivitamin. Plasma levels of vitamins A, B-12, D, E-α, E-β/γ, thiamine, folate, iron, iron-binding capacity, iron saturation, prealbumin, and parathyroid hormone (PTH) were measured at 3 and 6 months postoperatively...
March 2, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Annette Langer-Gould, Robyn Lucas, Anny H Xiang, Lie H Chen, Jun Wu, Edlin Gonzalez, Samantha Haraszti, Jessica B Smith, Hong Quach, Lisa F Barcellos
Multiple sclerosis (MS) incidence and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels vary by race/ethnicity. We examined the consistency of beneficial effects of 25OHD and/or sun exposure for MS risk across multiple racial/ethnic groups. We recruited incident MS cases and controls (blacks 116 cases/131 controls; Hispanics 183/197; whites 247/267) from the membership of Kaiser Permanente Southern California into the MS Sunshine Study to simultaneously examine sun exposure and 25OHD, accounting for genetic ancestry and other factors...
February 27, 2018: Nutrients
Janne Anita Kvammen, Rut Anne Thomassen, Mari Borge Eskerud, Jarle Rugtveit, Christine Henriksen
OBJECTIVES AND STUDY: To study micronutrient status and nutritional intake from complementary feeding in children on a cows' milk exclusion (CME) diet. METHODS: Fifty-seven children with cows' milk allergy, aged < 2 years, were included in a cross-sectional study. Blood was analysed for micronutrient status. Complementary feeding was defined as all solids and liquids except of breastmilk, and assessed by 3-day food diary. The results were analysed according to three feeding patterns: mainly breastfed (mBF), partially breastfed (pBF) and no breastmilk group (nBM)...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Vera Lavelli, Cristina Proserpio, Francesca Gallotti, Monica Laureati, Ella Pagliarini
The basidiomycetes fungi belonging to the genus Pleurotus could make an important contribution to sustainable functional food design because they possess an elevated protein content with a valuable essential amino acid scoring pattern, a unique dietary fibre profile, mainly comprised of branched β-glucan, high levels of some vitamins of the B group, vitamin D, Fe, Zn, Cu, Se and some bioactive mycochemicals, while the Na and fat contents are low. Moreover, Pleurotus spp. can grow efficiently on various clean by-products of food processing, such as wheat straw, wheat stalk and spent beer grain, thus representing a sustainable food source...
February 26, 2018: Food & Function
Jeffrey B Blumberg, Regan L Bailey, Howard D Sesso, Cornelia M Ulrich
Micronutrient deficiencies occur in segments of the adult population in the United States. Multivitamin/multimineral supplements (MVMS) are widely used by this population, which reduces inadequacies in micronutrient intake, but the potential for exceeding tolerable upper intake levels in others should be considered. There are concerns associated with the excessive intake of certain nutrients, particularly folic acid, and potential untoward consequences. The advent of nutrigenomics and the enhanced ability to directly study the interactions between nutrition and genetic variants and expression will allow for the conduct of more targeted studies with specific endpoints and may ultimately lead to progress in the field of personalized nutrition...
February 22, 2018: Nutrients
S Chakraborty, M Chopra, K Mani, A K Giri, P Banerjee, N S Sahni, A Siddhu, N Tandon, D Bharadwaj
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient deficiency is a global health burden, especially among developing countries. The present cross-sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency in healthy Indian school-going adolescents, based on area of residence, sex and body mass index (BMI). Furthermore, the relationship of serum B12 concentration with dietary vitamin B12 intake and anthropometric indices was assessed among adolescents from rural and urban India. METHODS: A total of 2403 school-going adolescents (11-17 years) from National Capital Region and rural areas of Haryana, India were selected...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
J Nahas-Neto, L M Cangussu, C L Orsatti, F N Bueloni-Dias, P F Poloni, E B Schmitt, E A P Nahas
Vitamin D (VD) plays an important role in bone mineralization. The present study investigates the effect of VD supplementation alone on bone turnover markers in younger postmenopausal women. It has been shown that VD supplementation in postmenopausal women with hypovitaminosis D is associated with a reduction in bone turnover markers. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of VD supplementation alone on bone turnover markers in younger postmenopausal women. METHODS: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 160 women were randomized into the VD group (supplementation with 1000 IU of vitamin D3/day, orally; n = 80) or placebo group (n = 80)...
February 15, 2018: Osteoporosis International
John K Brooks, Behzad Mostoufi, Ahmed S Sultan, Zaid H Khoury, Jeffery B Price, John C Papadimitriou, John R Basile, Cinthia B Drachenberg, Rania H Younis
Xanthoma is a common, self-limiting cutaneous lesion of non-Langerhans cell, lipid-laden foamy histiocytes that is often concomitant with hyperlipidemia. The intraosseous counterpart is rarely encountered and typically presents as a painless, expansile osteolytic process in the context of hyperlipidemia or normolipidemia. Only a scant number of gnathic xanthomas have been reported in the otolaryngologic literature. We report the clinical, laboratory, radiographic, histopathologic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural studies of a mandibular lesion discovered in an asymptomatic 16-year-old male, and associated with 2 previously unreported comorbidities, namely hyperlipidemia and vitamin D deficiency...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Allen D Smith, Kiran S Panickar, Joseph F Urban, Harry D Dawson
Vitamins and minerals (micronutrients) play an important role in regulating and shaping an immune response. Deficiencies generally result in inadequate or dysregulated cellular activity and cytokine expression, thereby affecting the immune response. Decreased levels of natural killer, granulocyte, and phagocytic cell activity and T and B cell proliferation and trafficking are associated with inadequate levels of micronutrients, as well as increased susceptibility to various adverse health conditions, including inflammatory disorders, infection, and altered vaccine efficacy...
February 15, 2018: Annual Review of Animal Biosciences
Rabab Ali, Iman Fawzy, Ihsan Mohsen, Ahmad Settin
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency conferred strongest susceptibility to pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Altered gene expression and function have strong effect on VDR gene polymorphism. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to check for the association of two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in VDR gene (Fok-I and Bsm-I) with T1DM in Saudi children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study included 100 T1DM Saudi children, plus 102 unrelated healthy subjects...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Annette Langer-Gould, Robyn M Lucas, Anny H Xiang, Jun Wu, Lie H Chen, Edlin Gonzales, Samantha Haraszti, Jessica B Smith, Hong Quach, Lisa F Barcellos
Blacks have different dominant polymorphisms in the vitamin D-binding protein (DBP) gene that result in higher bioavailable vitamin D than whites. This study tested whether the lack of association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and multiple sclerosis (MS) risk in blacks and Hispanics is due to differences in these common polymorphisms (rs7041, rs4588). We recruited incident MS cases and controls (blacks 116 cases/131 controls; Hispanics 183/197; whites 247/267) from Kaiser Permanente Southern California...
February 7, 2018: Nutrients
Miriam Erick
Breast milk is the universal preferred nutrition for the newborn human infant. New mother have been encouraged to exclusively breastfeed by health care professionals and consumer-advocacy forums for years, citing "breast milk is the perfect food". The benefits are numerous and include psychological, convenience, economical, ecological and nutritionally superior. Human milk is a composite of nutritional choices of the mother, commencing in the pre-conceptual era. Events influencing the eventual nutritional profile of breast milk for the neonate start with pre-conceptual dietary habits through pregnancy and finally to postpartum...
February 2018: Medical Hypotheses
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