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Vitamin b and d deficiency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761652/vitamin-d-status-and-associated-genetic-polymorphisms-in-a-cohort-of-uk-children-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#1
P S Gibson, A Quaglia, A Dhawan, H Wu, S Lanham-New, K H Hart, E Fitzpatrick, J B Moore
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, the role of polymorphisms determining vitamin D status remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine in UK children with biopsy-proven NAFLD (i) their vitamin D status throughout a 12-month period and (ii) interactions between key vitamin D-related genetic variants (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide synthase-1/dehydrocholesterol reductase-7, vitamin D receptor, group-specific component, CYP2R1) and disease severity...
May 14, 2018: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760049/insulin-suppresses-the-production-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-fgf23
#2
Ludmilla Bär, Martina Feger, Abul Fajol, Lars-Oliver Klotz, Shufei Zeng, Florian Lang, Berthold Hocher, Michael Föller
Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is produced by bone cells and regulates renal phosphate and vitamin D metabolism, as well as causing left ventricular hypertrophy. FGF23 deficiency results in rapid aging, whereas high plasma FGF23 levels are found in several disorders, including kidney or cardiovascular diseases. Regulators of FGF23 production include parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcitriol, dietary phosphate, and inflammation. We report that insulin and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) are negative regulators of FGF23 production...
May 14, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751936/effect-of-vitamin-d-on-the-variability-of-blood-pressure-in-premenopausal-and-menopausal-hypertensive-women-in-the-area-of-blida-algeria
#3
A Bachir Cherif, M Temmar, S Bennouar, A Bouamra, A Taleb, A Bouraghda, M T Bouafia
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of 25 (OH) vitamin D supplementation on blood pressure (BP) variability in hypertensive women in the pre-menopausal and post-menopausal periods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 881 hypertensive women prospectively followed for an interventional study between January 2016 and September 2017, in specialized consultation at the department of internal medicine at the Blida University Hospital (Algeria). Four hundred and thiry nine premenopausal women (group I) and 442 menopausal women (group II)...
May 8, 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749981/high-prevalence-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-among-iranian-population-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Reza Tabrizi, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Maryam Akbari, Mohammad Hossein Dabbaghmanesh, Minoo Mohamadkhani, Zatollah Asemi, Seyed Taghi Heydari, Mojtaba Akbari, Kamran B Lankarani
Background: The prevention and correction of vitamin D deficiency requires a precise depiction of the current situation and identification of risk factors in each region. The present study attempted to determine these entities using a systematic review and meta-analysis in Iran. Methods: Articles published online in Persian and English between 2000 and November 1, 2016, were reviewed. This was carried out using national databases such as SID, IranMedex, Magiran, and IranDoc and international databases such as PubMed, Google Scholar, and Scopus...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747301/-the-463rd-case-rhabdomyolysis-acute-kidney-failure-and-acute-hepatic-failure
#5
W Shi, D Wu, N Si, W Jiang, J Ma, X M Li
We represented a 22-year-old male patient who developed rhabdomyolysis, acute kidney failure and acute hepatic failure and was finally diagnosed as multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency. The patient appeared temporary stable status after high dose vitamine-B(2) supplement whereas deterioration was still fatal with pulmonary infection, acute respiratory failure and acute heart failure.
May 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743793/bone-health-and-impact-of-tenofovir-treatment-in-men-with-hepatitis-b-related-chronic-liver-disease
#6
Kattiparambil G Sajith, Nitin Kapoor, Sahana Shetty, Ashish Goel, Uday Zachariah, Chundamannil E Eapen, Thomas V Paul
Background: Chronic Liver Disease (CLD) has been shown to have an adverse impact on bone health. Hepatitis-B related CLD and its treatment with tenofovir may have additional effects on skeleton. Objective: To study the impact of HBV related CLD and its treatment with Tenofovir on bone health in Indian subjects. Methods: This cross sectional study included men (18-60 years) and comprised of three groups: Group-1 was treatment naïve HBV related CLD ( n  = 79), Group-2 those with HBV related CLD on tenofovir for at least 1 year ( n  = 136), Group-3 age, sex and Body Mass Index (BMI) matched healthy controls ( n  = 58)...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741392/diagnostic-serum-vitamin-d-level-is-not-a-reliable-prognostic-factor-for-resectable-breast-cancer
#7
Dilsa Mizrak Kaya, Bengi Ozturk, Pinar Kubilay, Handan Onur, Gungor Utkan, Filiz Cay Senler, Ali Alkan, Halis Yerlikaya, Elif B Koksoy, Ebru Karci, Ahmet Demirkazik, Hakan Akbulut, Fikri Icli
AIM: There are inconsistent results about the effects of vitamin D level on breast cancer prognosis. We aimed to investigate the effect of vitamin D levels on the prognosis of resectable breast cancer in a patient group with highly different clothing styles. PATIENTS/METHODS: A total of 186 breast cancer patients were enrolled in the study. RESULTS: Vitamin D level was sufficient, insufficient and deficient in 17.2, 52.2 and 30.6% of patients, respectively...
May 9, 2018: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739477/selected-b-vitamins-and-their-possible-link-to-the-aetiology-of-age-related-sarcopenia-relevance-of-uk-dietary-recommendations
#8
N Aytekin, K N Mileva, A D Cunliffe
The possible roles of selected B vitamins in the development and progression of sarcopenia are reviewed. Age-related declines in muscle mass and function are associated with huge and increasing costs to healthcare providers. Falls and loss of mobility and independence due to declining muscle mass/function are associated with poor clinical outcomes and their prevention and management are attractive research targets. Nutritional status appears a key modifiable and affordable intervention. There is emerging evidence of sarcopenia being the result not only of diminished anabolic activity but also of declining neurological integrity in older age, which is emerging as an important aspect of the development of age-related decline in muscle mass/function...
May 9, 2018: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721404/consequences-of-inadequate-intakes-of-vitamin-a-vitamin-b-12-vitamin-d-calcium-iron-and-folate-in-older-persons
#9
REVIEW
Jessica Watson, Marissa Lee, Maria Nieves Garcia-Casal
Purpose of Review: This review broadly discusses the consequences of inadequate consumption, by deficit or excess, of selected micronutrients on the quality of life and morbidity during aging, specifically considering increases in life expectancy and the costs of care in the older persons. Recent Findings: A literature review of the periods 2012 to 2018, focusing on vitamins A, B12 , and D, calcium, iron and folate, was completed as these micronutrients are found to significantly affect the aging process...
2018: Current Geriatrics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716696/evaluation-of-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-levels-in-calcific-rheumatic-mitral-stenosis-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Jamal Yusuf, Jothinath P, Saibal Mukhopadhyay, Vickram Vignesh, Sanjay Tyagi
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Rheumatic mitral stenosis (RMS) is an autoimmune, progressive destructive valve disease occurring as a sequele of streptococcal infection. Epidemiological studies support an association of vitamin D deficiency with initial susceptibility and severity of autoimmune diseases. The aim of the present study was to assess serum level of 25 hydroxyvitamin D in subjects of RMS and assess if any correlation exists with serum levels of vitamin D and severity of disease along with calcification assessed semi-quantitatively by echocardiography by applying Wilkins score...
March 2018: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710141/interventions-to-prevent-falls-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#11
David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Douglas K Owens, Michael J Barry, Aaron B Caughey, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Martha Kubik, Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Michael Pignone, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Falls are the leading cause of injury-related morbidity and mortality among older adults in the United States. In 2014, 28.7% of community-dwelling adults 65 years or older reported falling, resulting in 29 million falls (37.5% of which needed medical treatment or restricted activity for a day or longer) and an estimated 33 000 deaths in 2015. Objective: To update the 2012 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on the prevention of falls in community-dwelling older adults...
April 24, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684480/fetuin-b-links-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-pediatric-obesity-direct-negative-regulation-by-vitamin-d
#12
Gillian E Walker, Antonia Follenzi, Valentina Bruscaggin, Marcello Manfredi, Simonetta Bellone, Emilio Marengo, Luigi Maiuri, Flavia Prodam, Gianni Bona
Vitamin D (VD) deficiency (VDD) correlates to obesity, with VD a recognized mediator of metabolic diseases. From a previous proteomic study identifying adiponectin as a link between VDD and pediatric obesity, herein we analysed another protein (SSP2301) increased with VDD. A focused 2D-electrophoretic analysis identified 4 corresponding plasma proteins, with one predicted to be fetuin B (FETUB). FETUB was studied due to its emerging role in metabolic diseases and cytogenetic location (3q27.3) with adiponectin...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677539/fibromyalgia-and-nutrition-therapeutic-possibilities
#13
REVIEW
Geir Bjørklund, Maryam Dadar, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Jan Aaseth
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a complex chronic condition of unknown etiology, characterized by deep and widespread pain, sleep problems, cognitive impairment, fatigue, and other well-known functional symptoms. Recently, it has been proposed that an imbalance of nutritive components, including essential metal ions and vitamins, might play a critical role in the development of FM. Muscle pain has been associated with deficiencies in amino acids, magnesium, selenium, vitamins B and D, as well as with the harmful effects of heavy metals, such as mercury, cadmium, and lead...
April 17, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677309/vitamin-d-calcium-or-combined-supplementation-for-the-primary-prevention-of-fractures-in-community-dwelling-adults-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#14
David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Douglas K Owens, Michael J Barry, Aaron B Caughey, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Martha Kubik, Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Because of the aging population, osteoporotic fractures are an increasingly important cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Approximately 2 million osteoporotic fractures occurred in the United States in 2005, and annual incidence is projected to increase to more than 3 million fractures by 2025. Within 1 year of experiencing a hip fracture, many patients are unable to walk independently, more than half require assistance with activities of daily living, and 20% to 30% of patients will die...
April 17, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652114/associations-between-vitamin-d-levels-and-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos-phenotypes
#15
Erin M Davis, Jennifer D Peck, Karl R Hansen, Barbara R Neas, LaTasha B Craig
BACKGROUND: Studies comparing serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations in women with and without PCOS have produced inconsistent results. Additionally, no previous studies have evaluated associations between vitamin D and specific PCOS phenotypes. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted among women undergoing intrauterine insemination. Cases (n=137) were diagnosed with PCOS and then further classified into 3 diagnostic phenotypes based on combinations of the Rotterdam criteria [ovulatory dysfunction +polycystic ovaries (n=55); ovulatory dysfunction +androgen excess (n=15); and ovulatory dysfunction, +polycystic ovaries, +androgen excess (n=67)]...
April 12, 2018: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643928/effect-of-low-energy-diet-for-eight-weeks-to-adults-with-overweight-or-obesity-on-folate-retinol-vitamin-b-12-d-and-e-status-and-the-degree-of-inflammation-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-a-randomized-intervention-trial
#16
Nina Rica Wium Geiker, Mette Veller, Louise Kjoelbaek, Jette Jakobsen, Christian Ritz, Anne Raben, Arne Astrup, Janne Kunchel Lorenzen, Lesli H Larsen, Susanne Bügel
Background: Obesity is associated with vitamin insufficiency and low grade inflammation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of weight loss on folate, retinol, vitamin B12 , D and E status and the degree of inflammation. Methods: Out of 110, 85 individuals (75% women) aged 39 ± 11 years with a mean ± SD BMI of 33 ± 4 kg/m2 , completed an eight-week low energy diet (LED). Serum concentration of folate, retinol, B12 , D and E and C-reactive protein and homocysteine (Hcy) were measured at baseline and at end of the LED...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606375/the-roles-of-vitamin-d-and-cutaneous-vitamin-d-production-in-human-evolution-and-health
#17
REVIEW
Nina G Jablonski, George Chaplin
Most of the vitamin D necessary for the maintenance of human health and successful reproduction is made in the skin under the influence of a narrow portion of the electromagnetic spectrum emitted from the sun, namely ultraviolet B radiation (UVB). During the course of human evolution, skin pigmentation has evolved to afford protection against high levels of UVR while still permitting cutaneous production of vitamin D. Similar pigmentation phenotypes evolved repeatedly as the result of independent genetic events when isolated human populations dispersed into habitats of extremely low or high UVB...
March 29, 2018: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596792/first-two-reagent-vitamin-d-assay-for-general-clinical-chemistry
#18
Fakhri B Saida, Mario Padilla-Chee, Chao Dou, Chong Yuan
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D is a lipid-soluble molecule that plays key physiological roles in the metabolism of calcium, phosphate and magnesium. Recent studies show that deficiency in vitamin D is linked to cardiovascular diseases, autoimmune diseases and cancer. As a result, regular monitoring of 25-OH vitamin D (the main circulating form of vitamin D) is becoming essential. Current 25-OH vitamin D testing methodologies are cumbersome (too many reagents, long incubation times, phase separation) and are not compatible with general clinical chemistry platforms...
March 26, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587438/does-vitamin-d-deficiency-affect-the-immunogenic-responses-to-influenza-vaccination-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Ming-Dar Lee, Chao-Hsu Lin, Wei-Te Lei, Hung-Yang Chang, Hung-Chang Lee, Chun-Yan Yeung, Nan-Chang Chiu, Hsin Chi, Jui-Ming Liu, Ren-Jun Hsu, Yu-Jyun Cheng, Tzu-Lin Yeh, Chien-Yu Lin
Influenza virus infection is a major global public health problem, and the efficacy of influenza vaccination is not satisfactory. Vitamin D is involved in many immune-mediated inflammatory processes. The impact of vitamin D levels on the immunogenic response to influenza vaccination is not clear. We performed a comprehensive literature search and systematic review of studies that investigated vitamin D and influenza vaccination. Data pertaining to study population, vaccine components, vitamin D levels, and immunogenic response were analyzed...
March 26, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582037/blood-screen-findings-in-a-2-year-cohort-of-newly-arrived-refugees-to-sydney-australia
#20
Choisung C Ngo, Christine Maidment, Lisa Atkins, Sandy Eagar, Mitchell M Smith
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of certain health conditions in newly arrived refugees to Sydney, Australia, and thereby help inform screening practices. STUDY TYPE: A clinical audit of routinely collected pathology results. METHODS: Demographics and pathology results from a nurse-led health assessment program for newly arrived refugees during 2013 and 2014 were analysed. Prevalences of screened conditions were calculated, and compared by country of birth and other demographic features...
March 15, 2018: Public Health Research & Practice
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