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Muscle strain treatment protocol

Isadora de Oliveira Lemos, Gabriela da Cunha Pereira, Geraldo Druck SantAnna, Mauriceia Cassol
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to verify the effects of a voice therapy program focusing on patients with muscle tension dysphonia (MTD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The sample comprised 30 participants diagnosed with MTD, 8 men and 22 women, none of whom was a voice professional. The assessments and reassessments employed the perceptual-auditory protocol GRBASI, measures of maximum phonation times, s/z ratio, and acoustic voice analysis. The voice therapy program included indirect and direct therapy approaches...
April 26, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Doreen Huebner, Christiane Rieger, Ralf Bergmann, Martin Ullrich, Sebastian Meister, Marieta Toma, Ralf Wiedemuth, Achim Temme, Vladimir Novotny, Manfred P Wirth, Michael Bachmann, Jens Pietzsch, Susanne Fuessel
BACKGROUND: Novel theranostic options for high-risk non-muscle invasive bladder cancer are urgently needed. This requires a thorough evaluation of experimental approaches in animal models best possibly reflecting human disease before entering clinical studies. Although several bladder cancer xenograft models were used in the literature, the establishment of an orthotopic bladder cancer model in mice remains challenging. METHODS: Luciferase-transduced UM-UC-3LUC K1 bladder cancer cells were instilled transurethrally via 24G permanent venous catheters into athymic NMRI and BALB/c nude mice as well as into SCID-beige mice...
November 23, 2017: BMC Cancer
Bethany Hodgson, Reza Mafi, Pouya Mafi, Wasim Khan
Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) are an attractive option for the development of treatment for musculoskeletal pathologies due to their wide availability, clinical safety and multiple techniques available. Understanding the control of MSC differentiation into skeletal muscle is vital for developing protocols and therapeutic applications that are safe and effective. This paper therefore aims to review the current understanding of factors that regulate the differentiation of MSCs into skeletal muscle. Medline, Embase, Pubmed and Web of Science were searched December 2015 using the terms 'differentia*, skeletal*, skeleton*, myocyt*, myogen* and mesenchym* stem-cell*...
September 6, 2017: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Richard C Hallgren
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to collect muscle stiffness data from the 4 rectus capitis (RC) muscles to better understand their role in stabilizing the atlanto-occipital joint. The passive load displacement properties of these muscles have not been previously reported. METHODS: Rectus capitis muscles were removed from 3 unembalmed head and neck specimens. Passive length-force (stiffness) data were collected by using a servo-controlled hydraulic test machine...
February 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
G J Kerr, M R McCann, J K Branch, A Ratneswaran, M A Pest, D W Holdsworth, F Beier, S J Dixon, C A Séguin
OBJECTIVE: Whole-body vibration (WBV) platforms are commercially available devices that are used clinically to treat numerous musculoskeletal conditions based on their reported ability to increase bone mineral density and muscle strength. Despite widespread use, there is an alarming lack of understanding of the direct effects of WBV on joint health. Previous work by our lab demonstrated that repeated exposure to WBV using protocols that model those used clinically, induces intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration and osteoarthritis-like damage in the knee of skeletally mature, male mice of a single outbred strain (CD-1)...
March 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Vincent A Stadelmann, Julia Brun, Nicolas Bonnet
The aim of this laboratory method is to describe two approaches for the investigation of bone responses to mechanical loading in mice in vivo. The first is running exercise, because it is easily translatable clinically, and the second is axial compression of the tibia, because it is precisely controllable. The effects of running exercise, and in general physical activity, on bone tissue have been shown to be both direct through mechanical loading (ground impact and muscle tension) and indirect through metabolic changes...
2015: BoneKEy Reports
Takuya Koie, Chikara Ohyama, Shogo Hosogoe, Hayato Yamamoto, Atsushi Imai, Shingo Hatakeyama, Takahiro Yoneyama, Yasuhiro Hashimoto, Tohru Yoneyama, Yuki Tobisawa, Kazuyuki Mori
PURPOSE: A second transurethral resection (TUR) has been recommended by guidelines for high-grade non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). However, the impact of surgical quality and post-TUR intra-vesical instillation therapy on oncologic outcome still remains unclear for newly diagnosed NMIBC. We conducted a retrospective cohort study for the patients who underwent extensive TUR followed by appropriate intra-vesical therapy for newly diagnosed NMIBC to assess their oncological outcomes...
September 2015: International Urology and Nephrology
Katrien M Brouwer, Ditte M S Lundvig, Esther Middelkoop, Frank A D T G Wagener, Johannes W Von den Hoff
Cleft lip and palate patients suffer from functional, aesthetical, and psychosocial problems due to suboptimal regeneration of skin, mucosa, and skeletal muscle after restorative cleft surgery. The field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine (TE/RM) aims to restore the normal physiology of tissues and organs in conditions such as birth defects or after injury. A crucial factor in cell differentiation, tissue formation, and tissue function is mechanical strain. Regardless of this, mechanical cues are not yet widely used in TE/RM...
May 2015: Wound Repair and Regeneration
Megan N Houston, Victoria E Hodson, Kelda K E Adams, Johanna M Hoch
CLINICAL SCENARIO: Hamstring tightness is common among physically active individuals. In addition to limiting range of motion and increasing the risk of muscle strain, hamstring tightness contributes to a variety of orthopedic conditions. Therefore, clinicians continue to identify effective methods to increase flexibility. Although hamstring tightness is typically treated with common stretching techniques such as static stretching and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation, it has been suggested that whole-body-vibration (WBV) training may improve hamstring flexibility...
February 2015: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Matthew C Solan, Andrew Carne, Mark S Davies
Pain and reduced function caused by disorders of either the plantar fascia or the Achilles tendon are common. Although heel pain is not a major public health problem it affects millions of people each year. For most patients, time and first-line treatments allow symptoms to resolve. A proportion of patients have resistant symptoms. Managing these recalcitrant cases is a challenge. Gastrocnemius contracture produces increased strain in both the Achilles tendon and the plantar fascia. This biomechanical feature must be properly assessed otherwise treatment is compromised...
December 2014: Foot and Ankle Clinics
Adam P Goode, Michael P Reiman, Lloyd Harris, Lucia DeLisa, Aaron Kauffman, David Beltramo, Charles Poole, Leila Ledbetter, Andrea B Taylor
BACKGROUND: Hamstring injury is a prevalent muscle injury in sports. Inconclusive evidence exists for eccentric hamstring strengthening to prevent hamstring injuries. One reason for this discrepancy may be the influence intervention non-compliance has on individual study estimates, and therefore pooled estimates. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to determine the effect of eccentric hamstring strengthening on the risk of hamstring injury and quantitatively explores the impact of intervention non-compliance on the precision, heterogeneity and strength of pooled estimates...
March 2015: British Journal of Sports Medicine
D Tran, D Mitton, D Voirin, F Turquier, P Beillas
A better understanding of the abdominal wall biomechanics could help designing new treatments for incisional hernia. In the current study, an experimental protocol was developed to evaluate the contributions of the abdominal wall components to the structural response of the anterior part of the abdominal wall. The specimens underwent 3 dissections (removal of (1) skin and subcutaneous fat, (2) anterior rectus sheath, (3) rectus abdominis muscles). After each dissection, they were subjected to air pressure up to 3 kPa...
September 22, 2014: Journal of Biomechanics
Antonio Frizziero, Sabina Trainito, Francesco Oliva, Nicolò Nicoli Aldini, Stefano Masiero, Nicola Maffulli
INTRODUCTION: Sports injuries frequently involve tendons, muscles and ligaments. The variable outcome of surgery and medical treatment support early functional treatments. Eccentric exercise (EE) showed effectiveness in the management of Achilles tendinopathy (AT), patellar tendinopathy (PT) and lateral epicondyle tendinopathy (LET). Preliminary results of EE in other tendinopathies and sports injuries suggest its wide prescription in the sport rehabilitation field. SOURCES OF DATA: A comprehensive search of PubMed, Web of Science, the Cochrane Collaboration Database, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) Search review, National Guidelines, Scopus and Google Scholar was performed using keywords such as 'eccentric exercise', 'sports injuries rehabilitation', 'tendinopathy', 'hamstrings strain' 'adductor injuries' and 'ACL reconstruction rehabilitation'...
June 2014: British Medical Bulletin
Carl M Askling, Magnus Tengvar, Olga Tarassova, Alf Thorstensson
BACKGROUND: Hamstring strain is a common injury in sprinters and jumpers, and therefore time to return to sport and secondary prevention become of particular concern. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of two rehabilitation protocols after acute hamstring injury in Swedish elite sprinters and jumpers by evaluating time needed to return to full participation in the training process. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomised comparison of two rehabilitation protocols...
April 2014: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Naim B Farah, Rami Ghanem, Mahmoud Amr
BACKGROUND: BCG-RIVM strain was used in many treatment protocols for non-muscle invasive bladder cancer only as induction courses. Cho et al. (Anticancer Res 2012) compared BCG-RIVM induction and 'standard' maintenance (Lamm et al., J Urol. 2000) to mitomycin C. They found no statistically significant differences regarding disease recurrence and progression. The purpose of our study was to determine the efficacy & tolerability of this specific BCG RIVM strain, using six-weekly, induction course and single monthly instillations as maintenance for one year, in high risk recurrent, multifocal low grade and multifocal high grade pTa/pT1, CIS transitional cell carcinoma of bladder...
2014: BMC Urology
Cameron Lindsay, Julie Simpson, Sissi Ispoglou, Steve G Sturman, Anand D Pandyan
BACKGROUND: Patients surviving stroke but who have significant impairment of function in the affected arm are at more risk of developing pain, stiffness and contractures. The abnormal muscle activity, associated with post-stroke spasticity, is thought to be causally associated with the development of these complications. Treatment of spasticity is currently delayed until a patient develops signs of these complications. METHODS/DESIGN: This protocol is for a phase II study that aims to identify whether using OnabotulinumtoxinA (BoNT-A) in combination with physiotherapy early post stroke when initial abnormal muscle activity is neurophysiologically identified can prevent loss of range at joints and improve functional outcomes...
January 8, 2014: Trials
Sawang Kesdangsakonwut, Yuji Sunden, Keisuke Aoshima, Yoshimi Iwaki, Masahiro Okumura, Hirofumi Sawa, Takashi Umemura
Rabies is a fatal zoonotic disease for which no effective treatment measures are currently available. Rabies virus (RABV) has anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory properties that suppress nerve cell damage and inflammation in the CNS. These features imply that the elimination of RABV from the CNS by appropriate treatment could lead to complete recovery from rabies. Ten rabbits showing neuromuscular symptoms of rabies after subcutaneous (SC) immunization using commercially available vaccine containing inactivated whole RABV particles and subsequent fixed RABV (CVS strain) inoculation into hind limb muscles were allocated into three groups...
June 2014: Neuropathology: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
Miriam Van Reijen, Ingrid I Vriend, Victor Zuidema, Willem van Mechelen, Evert A Verhagen
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains continue to pose a significant burden to the individual athlete, as well as to society as a whole. However, despite ankle sprains being the single most common sports injury and despite an active approach by various Dutch organisations in implementing preventive measures, large-scale community uptake of these preventive measures, and thus actual prevention of ankle sprains, is lagging well behind. In an attempt to bridge this implementation gap, the Dutch Consumer Safety Institute VeiligheidNL developed a freely available interactive App ('Strenghten your ankle' translated in Dutch as: 'Versterk je enkel; available for iOS and Android) that contains - next to general advice on bracing and taping - a proven cost-effective neuromuscular program...
2014: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Robert F Laprade, Rachel K Surowiec, Ada N Sochanska, Brandon S Hentkowski, Brandie M Martin, Lars Engebretsen, Coen A Wijdicks
UNLABELLED: Ice hockey is a high contact sport where players are inherently at an increased risk for traumatic and time-loss injury. With its increasing popularity and high incidence of injury, further research is necessary to understand the risks and injuries associated with the sport and to develop performance-based outcome measures to guide return to play. This review, tailored to the practicing sports medicine team physician, focuses on the stepwise identification, treatment, time loss, return to play and subsequent risk of injury for the most common areas of injury: the head, shoulder, hip and knee...
January 2014: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Amol Saxena, Marie St Louis, Magali Fournier
Calf (lower leg) strains have a variety of treatment regimens with variable outcomes and return to activity (RTA) time frames. These injuries involve disruption of portions or the entire gastrocnemius-soleus myo-tendinous complex. Conservative treatment initially consists of rest, ice, compression, elevation (RICE). Immediately following calf injury, patients can utilize cryotherapy, massage, passive range of motion, and progressive exercise. In general, Grade I through Grade III calf strains can take up to 6 weeks before the athlete can return to training...
April 2013: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
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