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Phosphatidic acid

Yoshibumi Shimizu, Masaki Ishikawa, Mari Gotoh, Keiko Fukasawa, Shinji Yamamoto, Kensuke Iwasa, Keisuke Yoshikawa, Kimiko Murakami-Murofushi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Monala Jayaprakash Rao, Malathi Srinivasan, Ram Rajasekharan
Cell size and morphology are key adaptive features that influence almost all aspects of cellular physiology such as cell cycle and lipid metabolism. Here we report the role of a transcription factor Suppressor Phenotype of Ty elements insertion 10 (SPT10) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in regulating cell cycle, cell size and lipid metabolism in concert, in addition to its defined role of histone gene expression. Morphological and biochemical analyses of spt10Δ strain show an abnormal cell size, cell cycle and lipid levels...
March 13, 2018: Current Genetics
Andrew J Lutkewitte, George G Schweitzer, Stefanie Kennon-McGill, Melissa M Clemens, Laura P James, Hartmut Jaeschke, Brian N Finck, Mitchell R McGill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Sei Kuriyama, Tadahiro Tsuji, Tetsushi Sakuma, Takashi Yamamoto, Masamistu Tanaka
The anti-apoptotic nature of cancer cells often impedes the effects of anti-cancer therapeutic agents. Multiple death signals influence mitochondria during apoptosis, and though many studies have attempted to elucidate these complicated pathways, Bax oligomerization, an important step in the process, remains controversial. Here we demonstrate that pleckstrin-homology N1 (PLEKHN1), also known as cardiolipin phosphatidic acid binding protein, plays pro-apoptotic roles during reactive oxygen species (ROS)-induced apoptosis...
December 2018: Cell Death Discovery
Hector R Mendez-Gomez, Jasbir Singh, Craig Meyers, Weijun Chen, Oleg S Gorbatyuk, Nicholas Muzyczka
Phospholipase D2 (PLD2), an enzyme involved in vesicle trafficking and membrane signaling, interacts with α-synuclein, a protein known to contribute in the development of Parkinson disease. We previously reported that PLD2 overexpression in rat substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) causes a rapid neurodegeneration of dopamine neurons, and that α-synuclein suppresses PLD2-induced nigral degeneration (Gorbatyuk et al., 2010). Here, we report that PLD2 toxicity is due to its lipase activity. Overexpression of a catalytically inactive mutant (K758R) of PLD2 prevents the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the SNc and does not show signs of toxicity after 10 weeks of overexpression...
March 8, 2018: Neuroscience
Brenda de Oliveira da Silva, Luciane Carla Alberici, Letícia Ferreira Ramos, Caio Mateus Silva, Marina Bonfogo da Silveira, Carlos R P Dechant, Scott L Friedman, Kumiko Koibuchi Sakane, Letícia Rocha Gonçalves, Karen C M Moraes
The development of new therapeutic strategies to control or reverse hepatic fibrosis requires thorough knowledge about its molecular and cellular basis. It is known that the heptapeptide angiotensin-(1-7) [ang-(1-7)] can reduce hepatic fibrosis and steatosis in vivo; therefore, it is important to uncover the mechanisms regulating its activity and cellular model of investigation. Ang-(1-7) is a peptide of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), and here we investigated its modulatory effect on the expression pattern of microRNAs (miRNAs) in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) LX-2, which transdifferentiate into fibrogenic and proliferative cells...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Shinji Yamamoto, Kota Yamashina, Masaki Ishikawa, Mari Gotoh, Sosuke Yagishita, Kensuke Iwasa, Kei Maruyama, Kimiko Murakami-Murofushi, Keisuke Yoshikawa
After publication of the article [1], it was brought to our attention that an acknowledgement was missing from the original version.
March 5, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Noel-Marie Plonski, Bianca Bissoni, Madara Hetti Arachchilage, Karl Romstedt, Edgar E Kooijman, Helen Piontkivska
Unicellular flagellates that make up the class Kinetoplastida include multiple parasites responsible for public health concerns, including Trypanosoma brucei and T. cruzi (agents of African sleeping sickness and Chagas disease, respectively), and various Leishmania species, which cause leishmaniasis. These diseases are generally difficult to eradicate, with treatments often having lethal side effects and/or being effective only during the acute phase of the diseases, when most patients are still asymptomatic...
February 28, 2018: Gene
Anna Wojakowska, Laura M Cole, Mykola Chekan, Katarzyna Bednarczyk, Magdalena Maksymiak, Małgorzata Oczko-Wojciechowska, Barbara Jarząb, Malcolm R Clench, Joanna Polańska, Monika Pietrowska, Piotr Widlak
INTRODUCTION: The distinction of papillary thyroid carcinomas from benign thyroid lesions has important implication for clinical man-agement. Classification based on histopathological features can be supported by molecular biomarkers, including lipidomic signatures, identified with the use of high-throughput mass spectrometry techniques. Formalin fixation is a standard procedure for stabilization and preservation of tissue samples, therefore this type of samples constitute highly valuable source of clinical material for retrospective molecular studies...
2018: Endokrynologia Polska
Francisca Vaz Bravo, Jorge Da Silva, Robin Barry Chan, Gilbert Di Paolo, Andreia Teixeira-Castro, Tiago Gil Oliveira
Phospholipase D (PLD) is a key player in the modulation of multiple aspects of cell physiology and has been proposed as a therapeutic target for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here, we characterize a PLD mutant, pld-1, using the Caenorhabditis elegans animal model. We show that pld-1 animals present decreased phosphatidic acid levels, that PLD is the only source of total PLD activity and that pld-1 animals are more sensitive to the acute effects of ethanol. We further show that PLD is not essential for survival or for the normal performance in a battery of behavioral tests...
February 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
Paul L Wood, Margaret Steinman, Erdal Erol, Craig Carter, Undine Christmann, Ashutosh Verma
Currently available diagnostic assays for leptospirosis cannot differentiate vaccine from infection serum antibody. Several leptospiral proteins that are upregulated during infection have been described, but their utility as a diagnostic marker is still unclear. In this study, we undertook a lipidomics approach to determine if there are any differences in the serum lipid profiles of horses naturally infected with pathogenic Leptospira spp. and horses vaccinated against a commercially available bacterin. Utilizing a high-resolution mass spectrometry serum lipidomics analytical platform, we demonstrate that cyclic phosphatidic acids, diacylglycerols, and hydroperoxide oxidation products of choline plasmalogens are elevated in the serum of naturally infected as well as vaccinated horses...
2018: PloS One
Sunitha Shiva, Regina Enninful, Mary R Roth, Pamela Tamura, Krishna Jagadish, Ruth Welti
Background: Lipidomics plays an important role in understanding plant adaptation to different stresses and improving our knowledge of the genes underlying lipid metabolism. Lipidomics involves lipid extraction, sample preparation, mass spectrometry analysis, and data interpretation. One of the practical challenges for large-scale lipidomics studies on plant leaves is the requirement of an efficient and rapid extraction method. Results: A single-extraction method with a polar solvent mixture gives results comparable to a widely used, multi-extraction method when tested on both Arabidopsis thaliana and Sorghum bicolor leaf tissue...
2018: Plant Methods
Mónica P Cala, Julian Aldana, Jessica Medina, Julián Sánchez, José Guio, Julien Wist, Roland J W Meesters
Breast cancer (BC) is a highly heterogeneous disease associated with metabolic reprogramming. The shifts in the metabolome caused by BC still lack data from Latin populations of Hispanic origin. In this pilot study, metabolomic and lipidomic approaches were performed to establish a plasma metabolic fingerprint of Colombian Hispanic women with BC. Data from 1H-NMR, GC-MS and LC-MS were combined and compared. Statistics showed discrimination between breast cancer and healthy subjects on all analytical platforms...
2018: PloS One
Denise Scuffi, Thomas Nietzel, Luciano Di Fino, Andreas J Meyer, Lorenzo Lamattina, Markus Schwarzländer, Ana M Laxalt, Carlos Garcia-Mata
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has emerged as an important gaseous signaling molecule in plants participating in several stresses and developmental processes. L-cysteine desulfhydrase 1 (DES1), one of the enzymatic sources of H2S in plants, was shown to participate in ABA-induced stomatal closure. In this work we combined pharmacological and genetic approaches to elucidate the involvement of H2S in stomatal closure and the interplay between H2S and other second messengers of the guard cell signaling network, such as hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and phospholipase D (PLD)-derived phosphatidic acid (PA) in Arabidopsis...
February 2, 2018: Plant Physiology
Takuya Ogawa, Asako Tanaka, Jun Kawamoto, Tatsuo Kurihara
1-Acyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase (designated as PlsC in bacteria) catalyzes the acylation of lysophosphatidic acid and is responsible for the de novo production of phosphatidic acid, a precursor for the synthesis of various membrane glycerophospholipids. Because PlsC is an integral membrane protein, it is generally difficult to solubilize it without causing its inactivation, which has been hampering its biochemical characterization despite its ubiquitous presence and physiological importance. Most biochemical studies of PlsC have been carried out by using crude membrane preparations or intact cells...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Biochemistry
Jingjie Li, Yue Gao, Lihuan Guan, Huizhen Zhang, Jiahong Sun, Xiao Gong, Dongshun Li, Pan Chen, Zheng Ma, Xiaoyan Liang, Min Huang, Huichang Bi
The sensitivity and specificity of clinical diagnostic indicators and non-invasive diagnostic methods for endometriosis at early stage is not optimal. Previous studies demonstrated that abnormal lipid metabolism was involved in the pathological development of endometriosis. Our cross-sectional study included 21 patients with laparoscopically confirmed endometriosis at stage I-II and 20 infertile women who underwent diagnostic laparoscopy combined with hysteroscopy from January 2014 to January 2015. Eutopic endometrium was collected by pipelle endometrial biopsy...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Lei Zhang, Guang-Ye Wu, Yu-Jing Wu, Shu-Ye Liu
The present study aimed to explore the characteristic ions distinguishing different Barcelona stages in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using the ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) platform, and to evaluate their value in diagnosing and monitoring the progress of HCC. The serum was sampled from 20 healthy volunteers, 20 patients with HBV-induced cirrhosis and 75 patients with HBV-associated HCC of different BCLC stages. Samples were all examined using UPLC-MS...
January 2018: Oncology Letters
Minghua Zhu, Daniel P Foreman, Sarah A O'Brien, Yuefei Jin, Weiguo Zhang
Phospholipase D (PLD) is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine, the major phospholipid in the plasma membrane, to generate an important signaling lipid, phosphatidic acid. Phosphatidic acid is a second messenger that regulates vesicular trafficking, cytoskeletal reorganization, and cell signaling in immune cells and other cell types. Published studies, using pharmacological inhibitors or protein overexpression, indicate that PLD plays a positive role in TCR-mediated signaling and cell activation...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Ryan M Bradley, Robin E Duncan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferases (LPAATs)/acylglycerophosphate acyltransferases (AGPATs) are a homologous group of enzymes that all catalyze the de novo formation of phosphatidic acid from lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and a fatty acyl-CoA. This review seeks to resolve the apparent redundancy of LPAATs through examination of recent literature. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent molecular studies suggest that individual LPAAT homologues produce functionally distinct pools of phosphatidic acid, whereas gene ablation studies demonstrate unique roles despite a similar biochemical function...
January 25, 2018: Current Opinion in Lipidology
Tomáš Řezanka, Jaromír Lukavský, Milada Vítová, Linda Nedbalová, Karel Sigler
Very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) were identified in four strains of the green alga Botryococcus braunii (Trebouxiophyceae). The algae contained a series of monoenoic fatty acids up to triacontenoic acid and further VLCFAs in amounts around 1% of total fatty acids. The separation of lipid classes using hydrophilic interaction chromatography revealed that the most abundant VLCFAs (28:2, 28:1 and 28:0) were contained in neutral lipids (triacylglycerols and/or diacylglycerols) and in phospholipids (phosphatidic acid and/or phosphatidylcholine)...
January 20, 2018: Phytochemistry
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