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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110519/examining-the-nutritional-quality-of-food-and-beverage-consumed-at-melbourne-aquatic-and-recreation-centres
#1
Tara Boelsen-Robinson, Alexandra Chung, Marianne Khalil, Evelyn Wong, Ariana Kurzeme, Anna Peeters
OBJECTIVE: Examine the nutritional quality of food and beverages consumed across a sample of community aquatic and recreation centres in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. METHODS: Interviewer-administered surveys of randomly selected patrons attending four aquatic and recreation centres were conducted to ascertain food and beverage items consumed over two data collection periods (May-June 2014, January-February 2015). We selected centres in and around metropolitan Melbourne with a sit-down cafeteria and children's swimming classes...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110516/the-social-determinants-and-starting-and-sustaining-quit-attempts-in-a-national-sample-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-smokers
#2
David P Thomas, Kathryn S Panaretto, Maureen Davey, Viki Briggs, Ron Borland
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether social, economic and demographic measures are associated with initiating and sustaining quit attempts in a national sample of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander smokers. METHODS: We analysed data from 759 adults who reported smoking at least weekly in the Talking About The Smokes baseline survey (April 2012 - October 2013) and completed a follow up survey a year later (August 2013 - August 2014). RESULTS: Almost none of the standard baseline socioeconomic indicators predicted making or sustaining quit attempts...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110510/access-equity-and-costs-of-induced-abortion-services-in-australia-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Mridula Shankar, Kirsten I Black, Philip Goldstone, Safeera Hussainy, Danielle Mazza, Kerry Petersen, Jayne Lucke, Angela Taft
OBJECTIVES: To examine access and equity to induced abortion services in Australia, including factors associated with presenting beyond nine weeks gestation. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 2,326 women aged 16+ years attending for an abortion at 14 Dr Marie clinics. Associations with later presentation assessed using multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: Over a third of eligible women opted for a medical abortion. More than one in 10 (11...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110506/antibiotic-discovery-throughout-the-small-world-initiative-a-molecular-strategy-to-identify-biosynthetic-gene-clusters-involved-in-antagonistic-activity
#4
Elizabeth Davis, Tyler Sloan, Krista Aurelius, Angela Barbour, Elijah Bodey, Brigette Clark, Celeste Dennis, Rachel Drown, Megan Fleming, Allison Humbert, Elizabeth Glasgo, Trent Kerns, Kelly Lingro, MacKenzie McMillin, Aaron Meyer, Breanna Pope, April Stalevicz, Brittney Steffen, Austin Steindl, Carolyn Williams, Carmen Wimberley, Robert Zenas, Kristen Butela, Hans Wildschutte
The emergence of bacterial pathogens resistant to all known antibiotics is a global health crisis. Adding to this problem is that major pharmaceutical companies have shifted away from antibiotic discovery due to low profitability. As a result, the pipeline of new antibiotics is essentially dry and many bacteria now resist the effects of most commonly used drugs. To address this global health concern, citizen science through the Small World Initiative (SWI) was formed in 2012. As part of SWI, students isolate bacteria from their local environments, characterize the strains, and assay for antibiotic production...
January 22, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110501/worldwide-variability-in-growth-and-its-association-with-health-incorporating-body-composition-developmental-plasticity-and-intergenerational-effects
#5
REVIEW
Jonathan C K Wells
In their seminal book "Worldwide variation in human growth," published in 1976, Eveleth and Tanner highlighted substantial variability within and between populations in the magnitude and schedule of human growth. In the four decades since then, research has clarified why growth variability is so closely associated with human health. First, growth patterns are strongly associated with body composition, both in the short- and long-term. Poor growth in early life constrains the acquisition of lean tissue, while compensatory "catch-up" growth may elevate body fatness...
January 22, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110498/neutral-losses-of-sodium-benzoate-and-benzoic-acid-in-the-fragmentation-of-the-m%C3%A2-%C3%A2-na-ions-of-methoxyfenozide-and-tebufenozide-via-intramolecular-rearrangement-in-electrospray-ionization-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#6
Yunfeng Chai, Guanwei Gao, Shanshan Shen, Xin Liu, Chengyin Lu
RATIONALE: Electrospray ionization (ESI) tandem mass spectrometry can be applied to determine structural information about organic compounds. The [M + Na](+) ion is one of the major precursor ions in ESI mass spectrometry, but its fragmentation mechanism study is still insufficient. This study reveals the interesting fragmentation reactions of the [M + Na](+) ions of methoxyfenozide and tebufenozide. METHODS: The fragmentations of the [M + Na](+) , [M + Li](+) , and [M + H](+) ions of methoxyfenozide and tebufenozide were studied using a hybrid quadrupole-orbitrap mass spectrometer and an ion trap mass spectrometer...
February 15, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110489/video-assisted-laser-resection-of-lung-metastases-feasibility-of-a-new-surgical-technique
#7
Christian Meyer, Detlef Bartsch, Nikolas Mirow, Andreas Kirschbaum
Background Our pilot study describes our initial experience to do a laser resection of lung metastases under video-assisted thoracoscopic control via a minithoracotomy. With this approach, if needed, mediastinal lymphadenectomy is also possible. Methods In this study, 15 patients (11 men and 4 women, mean age: 60 years) with resectable lung metastases of different solid primary tumors (colorectal cancer in seven patients, melanoma in three patients, renal cell carcinoma in two patients, and one each with oropharyngeal cancer, breast cancer, and seminoma) were included...
January 22, 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110485/are-obese-patients-at-an-increased-risk-of-pelvic-floor-dysfunction-compared-to-non-obese-patients
#8
Isaac José Felippe Corrêa Neto, Rodrigo Ambar Pinto, José Marcio Neves Jorge, Marco Aurélio Santo, Leonardo Alfonso Bustamante-Lopez, Ivan Cecconello, Sérgio Carlos Nahas
PURPOSE: Factors associated with increased intra-abdominal pressure such as chronic cough, morbid obesity, and constipation may be related to pelvic floor dysfunction. In this study, we compared anorectal manometry values and clinical data of class II and III morbidly obese patients referred to bariatric surgery with that of non-obese patients. METHODS: We performed a case-matched study between obese patients referred to bariatric surgery and non-obese patients without anorectal complaints...
January 21, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110480/casubtype-an-r-package-to-identify-gene-sets-predictive-of-cancer-subtypes-and-clinical-outcomes
#9
Hualei Kong, Pan Tong, Xiaodong Zhao, Jielin Sun, Hua Li
In the past decade, molecular classification of cancer has gained high popularity owing to its high predictive power on clinical outcomes as compared with traditional methods commonly used in clinical practice. In particular, using gene expression profiles, recent studies have successfully identified a number of gene sets for the delineation of cancer subtypes that are associated with distinct prognosis. However, identification of such gene sets remains a laborious task due to the lack of tools with flexibility, integration and ease of use...
January 21, 2017: Interdisciplinary Sciences, Computational Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110465/spectroscopic-physicochemical-and-photophysical-investigation-of-biologically-active-2-oxo-quinoline-3-carbonitrile-derivative
#10
Mohie E M Zayed, Parveen Kumar
4-(2,3,4-trimethoxyphenyl)-8-methoxy-2-oxo-1,2,5,6 tetrahydrobenzo [h] quinoline-3-carbonitrile (TMTQ) dye was synthesized by one-pot multicomponent reactions (MCRs) of 2,3,4 trimethoxybenzaldehyd, ethyl cyanoacetate, 6-methoxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-naphthalin-1-one and ammonium acetate under microwave irradiation. The structures of the synthesized compound was established by spectroscopic (FT-IR, (1)H-NMR, (13)C-NMR, EI-MS) and elemental analysis. In addition, spectroscopic and physicochemical parameters, including electronic absorption, excitation coefficient, Stokes shift, oscillator strength, transition dipole moment and fluorescence quantum yield have investigated in order to explore the analytical potential of synthesized compounds...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110460/ability-of-rf5-and-rf6-to-restore-fertility-of-chinsurah-boro-ii-type-cytoplasmic-male-sterile-oryza-sativa-ssp-japonica-lines
#11
Honggen Zhang, Jianlan Che, Yongshen Ge, Yan Pei, Lijia Zhang, Qiaoquan Liu, Minghong Gu, Shuzhu Tang
BACKGROUND: Three-line Oryza sativa (ssp. japonica) hybrids have been developed mainly using Chinsurah Boro II (BT)-type cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS). The Rf1 gene restores the fertility of BT-type CMS lines, and is the only fertility restorer gene (Rf) that has been used to produce three-line japonica hybrids. Using more Rf genes to breed BT-type restorer lines may broaden the genetic diversity of the restorer lines, and represents a viable approach to improve the heterosis level of BT-type japonica hybrids...
December 2017: Rice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110450/application-of-a-statistical-model-for-the-assessment-of-environmental-quality-in-neotropical-semi-arid-reservoirs
#12
Evaldo de Lira Azevêdo, José Etham de Lucena Barbosa, Leandro Gomes Viana, Maria José Pinheiro Anacleto, Marcos Callisto, Joseline Molozzi
The aim of this study was to develop a statistical model to assess the environmental quality of reservoirs located in semi-arid region using metrics of anthropogenic disturbance, water quality variables, and benthic macroinvertebrate communities as indicators. The proposed model was applied to 60 sites located in three reservoirs in the Paraíba river basin, Brazilian semi-arid region. Collections were made in December 2011. In each site, we collected one sample of benthic macroinvertebrates and one water sample for the determination of physical and chemical parameters...
February 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110447/hemispheric-lateralization-of-resting-state-functional-connectivity-of-the-ventral-striatum-an-exploratory-study
#13
Sheng Zhang, Sien Hu, Herta H Chao, Chiang-Shan R Li
Resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) is widely used to examine cerebral functional organization. The ventral striatum (VS) is critical to motivated behavior, with extant studies suggesting functional hemispheric asymmetry. The current work investigated differences in rsFC between the left (L) and right (R) VS and explored gender differences in the extent of functional lateralization. In 106 adults, we computed a laterality index (fcLI) to query whether a target region shows greater or less connectivity to the L vs R VS...
January 21, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110439/combination-of-interleukin-1-polymorphism-and-helicobacter-pylori-infection-an-increased-risk-of-gastric-cancer-in-pakistani-population
#14
Yasir Raza, Adnan Khan, Asif Iqbal Khan, Saeed Khan, Shakeel Akhter, Muhammad Mubarak, Ayaz Ahmed, Shahana Urooj Kazmi
Helicobacter pylori is one of the major risk factors involved in the development ofgastritis and gastric cancer (GC). H. pylori infection leads to increased production of pro-inflammatory cytokines by the host. Carriage of specific polymorphisms in cytokine genes may be associated with host susceptibility to the development of GC. We investigated the role of host genetic factors including polymorphisms of IL-1B and IL-1RN in correlation with gastritis and GC in H. pylori infected Pakistani population. A total of 230 gastritis cases and 100 GC cases were genotyped for IL 1B-511 and IL-1RN penta-allelic variable number of tandem repeats (VNTRs)...
January 21, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110438/polysubstituted-isoflavonoids-from-spatholobus-suberectus-flemingia-macrophylla-and-cudrania-cochinchinensis
#15
Li-Xia Wang, Hai-Rong Zheng, Fu-Cai Ren, Tian-Ge Chen, Xiang-Mei Li, Xian-Jun Jiang, Fei Wang
Four hitherto unknown polysubstituted isoflavonoids, including three isoflavans: 7,4'-dihydroxy-8,2',3'-trimethoxyisoflavan (1), 7,2',4'-trihydroxy-8,3'-dimethoxyisoflavan (2), and 7,2',4'-trihydroxy-5-methoxyisoflavan (3), and one prenylated isoflavone cudraisoflavone M (4) were isolated from the ethanol extracts of Spatholobus suberectus (for 1 and 2), Flemingia macrophylla (for 3), and Cudrania cochinchinensis (for 4), respectively. Their structures were established on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis...
January 21, 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110429/in-vitro-effects-of-caffeic-acid-nortriptyline-precocene-i-and-quercetin-against-rhipicephalus-annulatus-acari-ixodidae
#16
Reghu Ravindran, Nayikottummal Devadas Chithra, Pattanur Edathil Deepa, Karapparambu Gopalan Ajithkumar, Leena Chandrasekhar, Kanapadinchareveetil Sreelekha, Suresh Narayanan Nair, Sanis Juliet, Srikanta Ghosh
In the present study, the acaricidal effects of caffeic acid, nortriptyline, precocene I and quercetin against Rhipicephalus annulatus (syn. Boophilus annulatus) Say (Acari: Ixodidae) were evaluated. Adult immersion technique (24 ticks immersed for 2 min in one dilution of the compound) was used for the assessment of the effects of caffeic acid (0.39-100 mg/mL), nortriptyline (0.625-50 mg/L), precocene I (0.004488-5 mg/mL) and quercetin (6.25-100 mg/mL) against R. annulatus. Adult tick mortality, reproductive index, inhibition of fecundity and hatching were calculated...
January 21, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110426/influenza-a-virus-upregulates-prpf8-gene-expression-to-increase-virus-production
#17
Chee-Hing Yang, Hui-Chun Li, Yu-Ling Shiu, Tzu-Shan Ku, Chia-Wen Wang, Yi-Shuan Tu, Hung-Ling Chen, Cheng-Hao Wu, Shih-Yen Lo
A ddRT-PCR analysis was performed to detect cellular genes that are differentially expressed after influenza A virus (H1N1) infection of A549 cells. After ddRT-PCR, eight DNA fragments were identified. PRPF8, one of the cellular genes that were upregulated after virus infection, was further analyzed since it has previously been identified as a cellular factor required for influenza virus replication. The upregulation of PRPF8 gene expression after viral infection was confirmed using real-time RT-PCR for mRNA detection and Western blot analysis for protein detection...
January 21, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110408/gingival-recessions-of-lower-incisors-after-proclination-by-orthodontics-alone-or-in-combination-with-anterior-mandibular-alveolar-process-distraction-osteogenesis
#18
Gregory S Antonarakis, Christof Urs Joss, Albino Triaca, Anne Marie Kuijpers-Jagtman, Stavros Kiliaridis
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to longitudinally compare periodontal conditions in consecutive patients who had orthodontic treatment with proclination of lower incisors either by orthodontics alone or in combination with anterior mandibular alveolar process distraction osteogenesis (DO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients had orthodontic treatment with DO, 18 with extraction of lower premolars (Ex), and 18 without extractions (Nonex). Lateral cephalograms were used to evaluate lower incisor proclination, while study casts and intraoral photographs were used to evaluate labial and lingual gingival recessions before (T1) and at an average of 4...
January 21, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110407/in-vitro-performance-of-cad-cam-fabricated-implant-supported-temporary-crowns
#19
Martin Rosentritt, Philipp Raab, Sebastian Hahnel, Matthias Stöckle, Verena Preis
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the in-vitro performance and fracture resistance of a temporary computer-aided designed and computer-aided manufactured polymethylmethacrylate (CAD/CAM-PMMA) material as implant or tooth-supported single crown with respect to the clinical procedure (permanently bonded/temporarily cemented). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-four crowns were fabricated on implants or human molar teeth simulating (a) labside procedure on prefabricated titanium-bonding base ([TiBase] implant crown bonded in laboratory, screwed chairside), (b) labside procedure ([LAB] standard abutment and implant crown bonded in laboratory, screwed chairside), (c) chairside procedure ([CHAIR] implant crown bonded to abutment), and (d) reference ([TOOTH] crowns luted on prepared human teeth)...
January 21, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110401/evaluating-the-utility-of-a-scoring-system-for-lipomas-of-the-cerebellopontine-angle
#20
Carlito Lagman, Brittany L Voth, Lawrance K Chung, Timothy T Bui, Seung J Lee, Natalie E Barnette, Quinton Gopen, Isaac Yang
BACKGROUND: Cerebellopontine angle (CPA) lipomas are rare, benign, slow-growing masses. Resections are considered in symptomatic patients who are refractory to targeted medical therapies, but at those stages the lipomas have often reached considerable sizes and encompass critical neurovascular structures. The objective of this study is to develop and to evaluate the utility of a scoring system for CPA lipomas. The hypothesis is that CPA lipomas with lower scores are probably best managed with early surgery...
January 21, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
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