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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533844/utility-of-first-trimester-obstetric-ultrasonography-before-13-weeks-of-gestation-a-retrospective-study
#1
Felix Uduma Uduma, Anelkan Abaslattai, Dianabasi Udoete Eduwem, Morgan Ekanem, Philip Chinedu Okere
INTRODUCTION: First trimester pregnancy is defined as twelve weeks after the last menstrual period. Ultrasonography has revolutionized validation and management of first trimester pregnancies. The aim was to analyze ultrasonographic findings of first trimester pregnancies in University of Uyo teaching hospital (UUTH), Uyo, Nigeria. METHODS: The departmental ultrasonographic records of pregnant women who were referred to Radiology department of UUTH, Uyo, Nigeria...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527270/-effect-of-antenatal-spiramycin-treatment-on-the-frequency-of-retinochoroiditis-due-to-congenital-toxoplasmosis-in-a-colombian-cohort
#2
Liliana María Zuluaga, John Camilo Hernández, Carlos Felipe Castaño, Jorge Hernando Donado
INTRODUCTION: Gestational toxoplasmosis is frequent and severe. There is still debate about the benefits of treatment against ocular manifestations in the newborn. Spiramycin treatment is used for this purpose, unfortunately prenatal diagnosis is sometimes delayed and pregnant women are not treated. OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between treatment with spiramycin during pregnancy in mothers with gestational toxoplasmosis and development of ocular toxoplasmosis in newborns...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507387/multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-prenatal-diagnosis-and-post-natal-management-of-a-large-suprasellar-arachnoid-cyst-a-case-report
#3
Omar Irfan, Heera Nand Rathore, Sarfraz Karim, Shabina Ariff, Aneela Darbar
Arachnoid cysts are intra-arachnoid sacs filled with cerebrospinal fluid representing a rare occurence in neonates. We report the case of a suprasellar arachnoid cyst diagnosed prenatally at 21 weeks gestation on routine obstetric ultrasound. A cystic lesion was picked up incidentally at routine antenatal scan. The cyst was noted to be increasing in size over a series of radiological scans. The cyst was diagnosed as a suprasellar arachnoid cyst compressing the third ventricle and bilateral lateral ventricles...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503337/complete-ectopia-cordis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Simon Pius, Halima Abubakar Ibrahim, Mustapha Bello, Mohammed Bashir Tahir
Ectopia cordis is a congenital heart exposure defined as complete or partial protrusion of heart through ventral defect in the thoracoabdominal wall alone or with other viscera in cases of pentalogy of Cantrell. This condition was first described by Haller et al. in 1706; since then many advances have been made. Diagnosis of ectopia cordis is done prenatally in well-equipped health facility by antenatal ultrasound scan so that early diagnosis and management plan can be initiated. The index case was delivered to uneducated rural family and admitted at 3 days of life and survived for seven days, even though most literatures state that majority died within four days even with surgery...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450790/a-revisit-of-the-fetal-foot-length-and-fetal-measurements-in-early-pregnancy-sonography
#5
Hong Soo Wong
OBJECTIVES: To present the fetal measurements in relation to the foot length at 10-16 weeks gestation on antenatal ultrasound. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the fetal measurements in 47 scans performed at 10-16 weeks gestation in women attending routine antenatal care. The fetal measurements and measurement ratios were examined in relation to the foot length. RESULTS: The fetal biparietal diameter, head circumference, abdominal circumference, femur length and foot length increase linearly with the gestational age at 10-16 weeks gestation...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419552/feasibility-and-utility-of-portable-ultrasound-during-retrieval-of-sick-preterm-infants
#6
Kathryn Browning Carmo, Tracey Lutz, Mark Greenhalgh, Andrew Berry, Martin Kluckow, Nick Evans
AIM: Document the incidence of haemodynamic pathology in critically ill preterm newborns requiring transport. METHOD: A transport neonatologist performed cardiac and cerebral ultrasound before and after transportation of infants born ≤ 30 weeks gestation. RESULTS: 44 newborns were studied 2008 - 2015, 21 transported by road, 19 by helicopter and 4 by fixed wing. Median birth weight 1130g (680-1960g), median gestation 27 weeks (23-30) and 30/44 were male...
April 17, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384937/attitude-of-reproductive-healthcare-providers-to-prenatal-diagnosis-in-a-low-resource-nigerian-setting
#7
Leonard Ogbonna Ajah, Silas Alegu Nwali, Christopher Chim Amah, Theophilus Ogochukwu Nwankwo, Lucky Osaheni Lawani, Benjamin Chukwuma Ozumba
INTRODUCTION: Prenatal diagnosis comprises all diagnostic modalities aimed at gaining information about the embryo or fetal wellbeing. It enables antenatal care tailored to the individual need(s) of the fetus. AIM: To determine the knowledge, practice and prospect of prenatal diagnosis among reproductive health care providers in Abakaliki, Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study in which completely filled self-administered semi-structured questionnaires were retrieved from 182 reproductive healthcare providers at Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki (FETHA)...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381203/public-health-benefits-of-hair-mercury-analysis-and-dietary-advice-in-lowering-methylmercury-exposure-in-pregnant-women
#8
Line E Kirk, Jan S Jørgensen, Flemming Nielsen, Philippe Grandjean
AIMS: To evaluate whether a public health intervention using focused dietary advice combined with a hair-mercury analysis can lower neurotoxic methylmercury exposure among pregnant women without decreasing their overall intake of seafood. METHODS: A total of 146 pregnant women were consecutively recruited from the antenatal clinic at a Danish university hospital at their initial ultrasound scan. Dietary advice was provided on avoiding methylmercury exposure from large predatory fish and a hair sample from each participant was analysed for mercury, with the results being communicated shortly thereafter to the women...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377028/transurethral-incision-of-ureterocele-does-the-time-of-presentation-affect-the-need-for-further-surgical-interventions
#9
A Hodhod, R Jednak, J Khriguian, M El-Sherbiny
OBJECTIVES: Ureterocele management is considered to be one of the famous debates in pediatric urology. Despite some considering transurethral ureterocele incision (TUI) as a temporary line of treatment, others have reported good results in terms of being a definitive treatment. The present study evaluated the feasibility of TUI as a definitive line of management. Moreover, it studied the impact of presentation on the outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The charts of patients who had ureteroceles from 1995 to 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358979/pelvimetry-for-fetal-cephalic-presentations-at-or-near-term-for-deciding-on-mode-of-delivery
#10
REVIEW
Robert C Pattinson, Anna Cuthbert, Valerie Vannevel
BACKGROUND: Pelvimetry assesses the size of a woman's pelvis aiming to predict whether she will be able to give birth vaginally or not. This can be done by clinical examination, or by conventional X-rays, computerised tomography (CT) scanning, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of pelvimetry (performed antenatally or intrapartum) on the method of birth, on perinatal mortality and morbidity, and on maternal morbidity. This review concentrates exclusively on women whose fetuses have a cephalic presentation...
March 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282781/fetal-brain-anomalies-detection-during-the-first-trimester-expanding-the-scope-of-antenatal-sonography
#11
Eldad Katorza, Itai Gat, Nir Duvdevani, Nir Meller, Noam Pardo, Eran Barzilay, Reuven Achiron
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe fetal brain anomalies identified during nuchal translucency (NT) examination and their clinical management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we evaluated charts of pregnant women performed the first trimester scan (FTS) between 1.1.2011 and 31.12.14 in a tertiary referral center. Study population consisted of 952 patients scheduled for routine NT scan for aneuploidy screening between 11.0 and 13...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274007/facial-dysmorphism-an-unreported-teratogenicity-with-levetiracetam
#12
Jyotsana Gupta, Sandhya Jain, Shalini Rajaram, Neerja Goel, Bindiya Gupta
Levetiracetam (LEV) is a relatively newer anticonvulsant drug used to treat epilepsy and is approved by United States Food and Drugs Administration (USFDA). The drug binds to a synaptic vesicle glycoprotein and inhibits presynaptic calcium channels, thus reducing neurotransmitter release. Commonly reported side effects include drowsiness, weakness, unsteady gait, mood changes and loss of appetite. Like most other antiepileptics, it is a Category C drug in pregnancy. We report the first case of facial dysmorphism in the neonate of a mother taking LEV antenatally...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219015/the-expectations-of-antenatal-screening-and-experiences-of-the-first-trimester-screening-scan
#13
Maarit Nykänen, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen, Reija Klemetti
AIM: to describe the expectations to and knowledge of antenatal screening of expecting parents, and their experiences concerning the first-trimester screening scan. DESIGN: survey study with a consecutive sampling method. SETTING: two hospital districts in Finland, namely the capital area and Eastern Finland. Together these two districts include the six different municipal units in which the first-trimester screening scans discussed in the study were done during spring 2015...
February 15, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206709/women-who-choose-cell-free-dna-testing-should-not-be-denied-first-trimester-anatomy-scan
#14
Z Alfirevic, C M Bilardo, L J Salomon, A Tabor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205207/home-uterine-monitoring-for-detecting-preterm-labour
#15
REVIEW
Christine Urquhart, Rosemary Currell, Francoise Harlow, Liz Callow
BACKGROUND: To reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with preterm birth, home uterine activity monitoring aims for early detection of increased contraction frequency, and early intervention with tocolytic drugs to inhibit labour and prolong pregnancy. However, the effectiveness of such monitoring is disputed. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether home uterine activity monitoring is effective in improving the outcomes for women and their infants considered to be at high risk of preterm birth, when compared with care that does not include home uterine activity monitoring...
February 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203309/a-recurrent-case-of-pentalogy-of-cantrell-a-rare-case-with-sonological-findings-and-review-of-literature
#16
Srinivas M Naren Satya, Kamala Retnam Mayilvaganan, Ivvala Sai Prathyusha, Munnangi Satya Gautam, Deepthi Raidu, V N Amogh
BACKGROUND: Pentalogy of Cantrell (POC) is an extremely rare and complex congenital anomaly. Ultrasound is a valuable, safe, nonionizing, cost effective, widely available, and easily reproducible imaging tool and is indispensible in the diagnosis of POC. Despite the rarity of POC, it is imperative for a radiologist to be aware of its wide spectrum of presentation on ultrasound in first trimester of gestation. Most reported cases in literature till now have been sporadic. In this paper, we aimed to report for the first time in literature, a recurrent case of POC detected in the first trimester in a mother whose previous pregnancy also was terminated in the second trimester medically due to the ultrasound diagnosis of POC...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179697/antenatal-renal-pelvic-dilatation-and-foetal-outcomes-review-of-cases-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-karachi-pakistan
#17
Ruqiya Afroz, Shafia Shakoor, Muhammad Sohail Salat, Shama Munim
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of antenatal renal pelvic dilatation to evaluate antenatal resolution/ progression and post-natal outcome. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised data of all women found with renal pelvic dilatation in antenatal scans between January 2011 and December 2013. A cut-off of 5mm was used to diagnose renal pelvic dilatation. Renal pelvic dilatation was categorised into three groups: mild (5-6mm in second trimester and 5-9mm in third trimester), moderate (7-10mm in second trimester and 10-15 in third) and severe (more than 10mm in second trimester and more than 15mm in third trimester)...
December 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134669/prenatal-imaging-findings-in-fetal-zika-virus-infection
#18
Edward Araujo Júnior, Francisco H C Carvalho, Gabriele Tonni, Heron Werner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to report the most recent observations concerning intrauterine Zika virus (ZIKV) infection and associated neuroimaging. RECENT FINDINGS: ZIKV outbreak in Brazil in 2015 was associated with an impressive registration of cases of congenital microcephaly in women with symptoms suggestive of ZIKV infection. Clinical and laboratory testing for ZIKV and hypothetic etiopathogenetic mechanisms are described. Diagnostic tests on blood, urine and amniotic fluid should be performed in all mothers with symptoms suggestive of intrauterine ZIKV infection...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133847/fetal-megacystis-prediction-of-spontaneous-resolution-and-outcome
#19
F Fontanella, L Duin, P N Adama van Scheltema, T E Cohen-Overbeek, E Pajkrt, M Bekker, C Willekes, C J Bax, C M Bilardo
OBJECTIVES: To predict likelihood of spontaneous resolution during fetal life and postnatal outcome of fetal megacystis, diagnosed in all trimesters in pregnancy. METHODS: This was a national retrospective cohort study. Fetal megacystis was defined in the first trimester as a longitudinal bladder diameter (LBD) ≥ 7 mm, and in the 2(nd) and 3(rd) trimester as an enlarged bladder failing to empty during the entire extended ultrasound (US) examination. LBD and GA at resolution were investigated as of likelihood of resolution and of postnatal outcome, respectively...
January 30, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079045/hernia-of-the-umbilical-cord-associated-with-a-patent-omphalomesenteric-duct
#20
M Raicevic, I Filipovic, S Sindjic-Antunovic
Congenital hernia of the cord is a different type of ventral abdominal wall defect in which the bowel usually herniates into the base of normally inserted umbilical cord through a patent umbilical ring. It is rare congenital anomaly with incidence of 1 in 5000. Although it was described as a distinct entity since 1920s it is often misdiagnosed as a small omphalocele. We present an unusal case of term male newborn with umbilical cord hernia associated with patent omphalomesenteric duct. The diagnose was made after birth despite antenatal ultrasound scans and it is managed successfully with uneventful recovery...
January 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
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