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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907850/automated-annotation-and-quantitative-description-of-ultrasound-videos-of-the-fetal-heart
#1
Christopher P Bridge, Christos Ioannou, J Alison Noble
Interpretation of ultrasound videos of the fetal heart is crucial for the antenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD). We believe that automated image analysis techniques could make an important contribution towards improving CHD detection rates. However, to our knowledge, no previous work has been done in this area. With this goal in mind, this paper presents a framework for tracking the key variables that describe the content of each frame of freehand 2D ultrasound scanning videos of the healthy fetal heart...
November 19, 2016: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905202/care-in-subsequent-pregnancies-following-stillbirth-an-international-survey-of-parents
#2
A M Wojcieszek, F M Boyle, J M Belizán, J Cassidy, P Cassidy, Jjhm Erwich, L Farrales, M M Gross, Aep Heazell, S H Leisher, T Mills, M Murphy, K Pettersson, C Ravaldi, J Ruidiaz, D Siassakos, R M Silver, C Storey, A Vannacci, P Middleton, D Ellwood, V Flenady
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of additional care, and parents' perceptions of quality, respectful care, in pregnancies subsequent to stillbirth. DESIGN: Multi-language web-based survey. SETTING: International. POPULATION: A total of 2716 parents, from 40 high- and middle-income countries. METHODS: Data were obtained from a broader survey of parents' experiences following stillbirth. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and stratified by geographic region...
November 30, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890829/antenatal-exposure-to-antidepressants-is-associated-with-altered-brain-development-in-very-preterm-born-neonates
#3
Samantha K Podrebarac, Emma G Duerden, Vann Chau, Ruth E Grunau, Anne Synnes, Tim F Oberlander, Steven P Miller
BACKGROUND: Antenatal exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) is associated with an enhanced risk of preterm birth. Very preterm-born neonates (<32-week gestation) antenatally-exposed to SSRIs may show altered brain development. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether antenatal-SSRI exposure was associated with adverse neonatal brain microstructural and metabolic development using diffusion tensor and magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging. DESIGN/METHODS: Of 177 neonates enrolled, 14 (8%) were antenatally exposed to SSRIs...
November 25, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889681/change-over-time-in-women-s-views-and-experiences-of-maternity-care-in-england-1995-2014-a-comparison-using-survey-data
#4
Jane Henderson, Maggie Redshaw
BACKGROUND: there have been changes in maternity care policy over the last 20 years and women's experience, continuity and satisfaction with care have become more prominent. However there has been no research examining changes over time in women's reported experience. METHODS: this study used secondary analysis of data collected in four postal surveys of maternity care experiences in 1995, 2006, 2010 and 2014. In each case women who had delivered in a specified time period in England were randomly sampled and sent a questionnaire three months after the birth...
November 18, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882752/-bronchopulmonary-sequestration
#5
J Bombová, M Lubušký
OBJECTIVE: To describe the case of prenatal diagnosis of bronchopulmonary sequestration and compelete spontaneous antenatal regresion of the lesion. DESIGN: Case report and review of the literature. SETTING: Complex Cancer Center Novy Jicin, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Palacky University Hospital Olomouc. CASE REPORT: We describe the case reports about the complete regression of a quite large bronchopulmonary sequestration during pregnancy...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867410/closed-gastroschisis-vanishing-midgut-and-extreme-short-bowel-syndrome-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
F A Dennison
Gastroschisis alone has excellent survival rates. Occasionally reported is closed gastroschisis, leading to vanishing small bowel and extreme short bowel syndrome. It is believed that the abdominal wall defect can contract or close in utero, which leads to strangulation of the eviscerated bowel and the rare "vanishing gut syndrome." This has a very poor prognosis with mortality as high as 70%. An 18-year-old primigravid patient's 13 week scan diagnosed a large gastroschisis affecting the fetus. After counselling, she decided to continue with the pregnancy...
August 2016: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792241/evaluation-of-a-retrospective-diary-for-peri-conceptual-and-mid-pregnancy-drinking-in-scotland-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Andrew Symon, Jean Rankin, Geraldine Butcher, Lesley Smith, Lynda Cochrane
INTRODUCTION: Heavy episodic ("binge") drinking among women in Scotland is commonplace; prepregnancy drinking is associated with continued antenatal drinking. Evidence for effectiveness of standardized antenatal alcohol assessment is lacking. Alcohol-exposed pregnancies may be missed. We assessed peri-conceptual and mid-pregnancy consumption using a week-long retrospective diary and standard alcohol questionnaires, and evaluated the agreement between these instruments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study in two Scottish health board areas involving 510 women attending mid-pregnancy ultrasound scan clinics...
October 28, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778495/laparoscopic-pyeloplasty-in-children-with-horseshoe-kidney
#8
Paulo Renato Marcelo Moscardi, Roberto Iglesias Lopes, Marcos Figueiredo Mello, Cristovao Machado Barbosa, Bruno Nicolino Cezarino, Lorena Marçalo Oliveira, Francisco Tibor Dénes, Miguel Srougi
INTRODUCTION: Horseshoe kidney occurs in 1 per 400-800 live births and are more frequently observed in males (M:F 2:1). Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is commonly associated with horseshoe kidneys. The variable blood supply, presence of the isthmus and high insertion of the ureter contribute to this problem. CASE REPORT: An asymptomatic 6 year-old boy presented with antenatal hydronephrosis. Ultrasonography and CT scan demonstrated left UPJO associated with a horseshoe kidney...
October 20, 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770196/is-congenital-pulmonary-airway-malformation-really-a-rare-disease-result-of-a-prospective-registry-with-universal-antenatal-screening-program
#9
C T Lau, A Kan, N Shek, P Tam, K K Y Wong
BACKGROUND: Congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM) is an increasingly recognized disease with potential mortality. Owing to limited published studies, the true incidence is yet to be determined. We carried out this prospective study with the aim to estimate its true incidence on a population basis. METHODS: An antenatal ultrasonography program was implemented since 2009. Fetuses with suspected intra-thoracic lesions were monitored by regular follow-ups...
October 21, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766742/intracranial-translucency-assessment-at-first-trimester-nuchal-translucency-ultrasound
#10
Annah Lane, Ling Lee, Donna Traves, Andreas Lee
INTRODUCTION: The antenatal diagnosis of open spina bifida (OSB), a neural tube defect, is predominantly made at the second trimester morphology scan by ultrasound detection of structural abnormalities resulting from the associated Chiari II malformation. Evidence has emerged suggesting that these structural abnormalities can be detected earlier, by examination of the posterior fossa as part of the first trimester nuchal translucency scan. In particular, absence of the intra-cranial translucency (IT) of the fourth ventricle has shown promise as a diagnostic marker of OSB, although the sensitivity and specificity of this finding varies widely in the literature...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744203/differences-in-pre-conception-and-pregnancy-healthy-lifestyle-advice-by-maternal-bmi-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Amanda Bye, Jill Shawe, Judith Stephenson, Debra Bick, Nataliya Brima, Nadia Micali
OBJECTIVE: Being underweight at pregnancy commencement is associated with a range of adverse maternal and infant outcomes, as is being overweight or obese, yet it is an aspect of maternal health which has been relatively neglected by healthcare professionals and researchers. We aimed to investigate differences in pre-pregnancy and pregnancy healthy lifestyle advice routinely offered by relevant healthcare professionals, including midwives and GPs, to women across three different BMI categories - underweight, normal, and overweight or obese...
September 23, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723920/antenatally-detected-congenital-pulmonary-airway-malformations-the-oxford-experience
#12
Hemanshoo Sudhir Thakkar, Jonathan Durell, Subhasis Chakraborty, Bianca-Lea Tingle, Arnwald Choi, Darren J Fowler, Steve J Gould, Lawrence Impey, Kokila Lakhoo
Congenital airway pulmonary malformations are increasingly being diagnosed, but their management continues to remain controversial. Our approach has been to offer surgery to mitigate the risk of infection and possible malignancy. All patients routinely undergo a CT scan of the chest postnatally and once the diagnosis is confirmed, minimal access surgery is offered. Our anesthetists provide single-lung ventilation to enhance the operative view. We conducted a retrospective review over a 10-year period, during which 91 patients were prenatally suspected to have a cystic lung lesion...
October 10, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703572/cytomegalovirus-infection-during-pregnancy-and-its-impact-on-the-intrauterine-fetal-development-case-report
#13
Mariya Angelova, Emil Kovachev, Nikolai Todorov
AIM: The aim of this publication is to present a case of CMV infection during pregnancy, with clinical manifestations of the development of microcephaly and simultaneous dilatation of the 3rd and 4th brain ventricle at 23 weeks gestation. This article discusses the role of ultrasound screening in the second trimester of pregnancy. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 25-year-old woman with the initials S.K. in her second pregnancy that came to our antenatal Consulting Centre...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699204/role-of-ultrasound-in-body-stalk-anomaly-and-amniotic-band-syndrome
#14
Madhavilatha Routhu, Sreedevi Thakkallapelli, Prashanthi Mohan, Nadeem Ahmed
Body stalk anomaly (BSA) and amniotic band syndrome (ABS) are rare similar fetal sporadic polymalformative syndromes of unknown etiology, though there are certain differences between them. BSA is a combination of developmental abnormalities involving neural tube, body wall, and the limbs with persistent extra embryonic coelomic cavity. ABS is characterized by the presence of thin membrane-like strands attached to fetal body parts and causing constrictions and amputations. This is a cohort study involving 32,100 patients who were referred for routine antenatal ultrasound scan...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684831/length-to-width-ratio-of-the-ductus-venosus-in-simple-screening-for-fetal-congenital-heart-diseases-in-the-second-trimester
#15
Wei-Hsiu Chiu, Shy-Ming Lee, Tao-Hsin Tung, Xiao-Mei Tang, Ren-Shyan Liu, Ran-Chou Chen
Antenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD) is still low even though screening was first introduced over 25 years ago. The purpose of our study was to determine the efficacy of a second-trimester prenatal ultrasonographic method of screening for CHD.From September 2012 to September 2013, the length and width of the fetal ductus venosus were measured sonographically in 1006 singleton fetuses, and the ratio of length to width was calculated. The accuracy of each fetal measurement and Doppler ultrasonography were determined...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676724/antenatal-consultation-following-limb-malformation-discovery-using-ultrasound-scan
#16
Nathaly Quintero-Prigent, Naima Brennetot, Coline Martinot-Lagarde, Malak Fanhy, Frédéric Clavier, Frank Fitoussi, Marion Fiat
Our unit has been providing antenatal consultations for 30 years following the discovery of limb malformation with the fetus. Each of these consultations is specific and carried out by a multi-professional team. It requires a physical and rehabilitation doctor, an orthopedic surgeon, an occupational therapist for upper limb malformation, a physiotherapist for lower malformation and a psychologist. This multidisciplinary consultation is unique because of each pregnancy story, because of each patient life story but also because of the words used by the sonologist when announcing the diagnosis...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668105/subdiaphragmatic-renal-ectopia-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Eleftherios Zolotas, Rajesh G Krishnan
Background. We report the case of a male infant whose right kidney migrated to an ectopic position after birth. The migration of a kidney in postnatal life without any symptoms has not been reported in literature so far. Case Presentation. In a series of antenatal and the first postnatal ultrasound scans, the right kidney was normally located within the right renal fossa. During the first 3 months of life, the kidney migrated to a subdiaphragmatic position. This was confirmed on MRI scan. The infant was asymptomatic with normal renal function and blood pressure...
2016: Case Reports in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666113/congenital-cystic-adenomatoid-malformation-of-the-lung-ccam-a-retrospective-clinical-audit-and-literature-review-in-a-tertiary-centre-in-scotland-over-a-period-of-14-years
#18
Ambrin Gull Shamas, Karishma Bohara
This work was a retrospective audit of CCAM - 1994 to 2008. A total of 26 cases were identified. Mean gestational age at diagnosis was 20 weeks. All were unilateral and had serial scans. In 31% the lesion resolved, 8% decreased, 42% were unchanged and 4% increased in size. Only one foetus developed hydrops. All were born alive. Of 8 foetuses where the CCAM was thought to have resolved, 6 had persistent lesions (overall sensitivity and PPV of US 64% and 69%, respectively). Computerised tomography performed better than chest X-ray in detecting lesions postnatally (sensitivity 100% vs 88%, PPV 95% vs 78%)...
September 25, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649500/meconium-peritonitis-correlation-of-antenatal-diagnosis-and-postnatal-outcome-an-institutional-experience-over-10-years
#19
Lee May Ping, Victor Samuel Rajadurai, Seyed Ehsan Saffari, Suresh Chandran
OBJECTIVE: To identify the fetal and neonatal imaging characteristics of meconium peritonitis (MP) and their clinical outcome. We also studied the role of prenatal ultrasound (US) in antenatal diagnosis and its use in predicting the need for surgical intervention postnatally. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of a cohort of 18 infants with MP from April 2004 to March 2014. RESULTS: Prenatal US detected MP-related abnormalities in 15/18 (83...
September 21, 2016: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610601/neurological-outcome-in-fetuses-with-mild-and-moderate-ventriculomegaly
#20
Gabriele Tonni, Ida Vito, Marcella Palmisano, Wellington de Paula Martins, Edward Araujo
Introduction Ventriculomegaly (VM) is one the most frequent anomalies detected on prenatal ultrasound. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may enhance diagnostic accuracy and prediction of developmental outcome in newborns. Purpose The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between ultrasound and MRI in fetuses with isolated mild and moderate VM. The secondary aim was to report the neurodevelopmental outcome at 4 years of age. Methods Fetuses with a prenatal ultrasound (brain scan) diagnosis of VM were identified over a 4-year period...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
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