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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907062/sepsis-prevalence-and-outcome-on-the-general-wards-and-emergency-departments-in-wales-results-of-a-multi-centre-observational-point-prevalence-study
#1
Tamas Szakmany, Robert M Lundin, Ben Sharif, Gemma Ellis, Paul Morgan, Maja Kopczynska, Amrit Dhadda, Charlotte Mann, Danielle Donoghue, Sarah Rollason, Emma Brownlow, Francesca Hill, Grace Carr, Hannah Turley, James Hassall, James Lloyd, Llywela Davies, Michael Atkinson, Molly Jones, Nerys Jones, Rhodri Martin, Yousef Ibrahim, Judith E Hall
Data on sepsis prevalence on the general wards is lacking on the UK and in the developed world. We conducted a multicentre, prospective, observational study of the prevalence of patients with sepsis or severe sepsis on the general wards and Emergency Departments (ED) in Wales. During the 24-hour study period all patients with NEWS≥3 were screened for presence of 2 or more SIRS criteria. To be eligible for inclusion, patients had to have a high clinical suspicion of an infection, together with a systemic inflammatory response (sepsis) and evidence of acute organ dysfunction and/or shock (severe sepsis)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867553/using-a-chemiresistor-based-alkane-sensor-to-distinguish-exhaled-breaths-of-lung-cancer-patients-from-subjects-with-no-lung-cancer
#2
Jiunn-Liang Tan, Zheng-Xin Yong, Chong-Kin Liam
BACKGROUND: Breath alkanes are reported to be able to discriminate lung cancer patients from healthy people. A simple chemiresistor-based sensor was designed to respond to alkanes by a change in resistance measured by a digital multimeter connected to the sensor. In preclinical experiments, the sensor response was found to have a strong positive linear relationship with alkane compounds and not responsive to water. This study aimed to determine the ability of the alkane sensor to distinguish the exhaled breaths of lung cancer patients from that of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and control subjects without lung cancer...
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831484/dynamic-respiratory-tortuosity-of-the-vertebral-artery-ostium
#3
Xiaobin Tang, Feng Tang, Chang Hu, Qian Wang, Whitney Long, Lei Li
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of dynamic respiratory tortuosity (DRT) of the vertebral artery ostium (VAO) as well as to evaluate its correlation with in-stent restenosis (ISR) and stent fracture. METHODS: From March 2012 to June 2015, 178 consecutive patients (mean age 65.2±5.8 years; 124 men) with symptoms of atherosclerotic vertebrobasilar ischemia underwent angiography prior to stent implantation in the vertebral, subclavian, and/or carotid arteries...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765455/evaluating-the-effect-of-comorbidities-on%C3%A2-the-success-risk-and-cost-of-digital%C3%A2-replantation
#4
Joshua W Hustedt, Andrew Chung, Daniel D Bohl, Neil Olmscheid, Scott Edwards
PURPOSE: The clinical decision to replant an amputated digit is driven primarily by surgical indication. However, the extent to which patient comorbidity should play into this decision is less well defined. This study was designed to determine the effect of patient comorbidities on the success, risk, and cost of digital replantation. METHODS: All amputation injuries and digital replantation procedures captured by the National Inpatient Sample during 2001 to 2012 were identified...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681283/awareness-and-health-consciousness-regarding-the-national-health-plan-health-japan-21-2nd-edition-among-the-japanese-population-in-2013-and-2014
#5
Kemmyo Sugiyama, Yasutake Tomata, Yukari Takemi, Kazuyo Tsushita, Masakazu Nakamura, Shuji Hashimoto, Motohiko Miyachi, Zentaro Yamagata, Tetsuji Yokoyama, Ichiro Tsuji
Objectives To examine the prevalence of health consciousness regarding "Health Japan 21" (2nd edition) among the Japanese population, we conducted a telephone survey of a sample extracted randomly from the whole nation in 2013 and 2014.Methods We extracted 1800 men and women with 150 persons for each gender and 10-year age group (6 age groups ranging from 20 years to 70 years and older) using Random Digital Dialing sampling. Each participant was asked about 1) recognition of the following items: "Health Japan 21," "healthy life expectancy," "metabolic syndrome (MetS)," "chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)," "locomotive syndrome," "Active Guide," "WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control," and "Smart Life Project" and 2) health consciousness toward the following: "health examination taken within the past one year," "smoking status," and "the amount of vegetables considered desirable to consume per day for health...
2016: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672323/the-disease-burden-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-greece
#6
Georgia Kourlaba, Georgios Hillas, Theodoros Vassilakopoulos, Nikos Maniadakis
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to estimate the self-reported prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Greece and to quantify its burden on patients' daily activities, productivity, and psychological status. METHODS: A population-based, random digit-dialed telephone nationwide survey was conducted between July 10, 2015 and July 31, 2015 in order to recruit patients with COPD in Greece. Among the 11,471 persons contacted, 3,414 met the inclusion criterion of age ≥40 years and completed the screening questions regarding COPD...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644030/spatial-variation-in-nitrogen-dioxide-concentrations-and-cardiopulmonary-hospital-admissions
#7
Marieke B A Dijkema, Robert T van Strien, Saskia C van der Zee, Sanne F Mallant, Paul Fischer, Gerard Hoek, Bert Brunekreef, Ulrike Gehring
BACKGROUND: Air pollution episodes are associated with increased cardiopulmonary hospital admissions. Cohort studies showed associations of spatial variation in traffic-related air pollution with respiratory and cardiovascular mortality. Much less is known in particular about associations with cardiovascular morbidity. We explored the relation between spatial variation in nitrogen dioxide (NO2) concentrations and cardiopulmonary hospital admissions. METHODS: This ecological study was based on hospital admissions data (2001-2004) from the National Medical Registration and general population data for the West of the Netherlands (population 4...
November 2016: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629237/patient-coping-strategies-in-copd-across-disease-severity-and-quality-of-life-a-qualitative-study
#8
Sarah B Brien, George T Lewith, Mike Thomas
Quality of life (QoL) has a weak relationship with lung function (LF) impairment in COPD; some cope well despite poor LF, whereas others suffer disproportionate QoL impairment despite well-preserved LF. Adjuvant non-pharmacological interventions such as rehabilitation and psychological/behavioural support may help if acceptable and targeted appropriately, but they are under-used and sometimes declined by patients. This study aimed to explore and understand variations in experiences and coping strategies in patients with different severities of disease and disease-specific QoL...
2016: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556391/posture-and-mobility-of-the-upper-body-quadrant-and-pulmonary-function-in-copd-an-exploratory-study
#9
Nuno Morais, Joana Cruz, Alda Marques
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence regarding interactions between pulmonary (dys)function, posture, and mobility of the upper body quadrant in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVES: This exploratory study aimed to investigate whether postural alignment and mobility of the upper quadrant are related to changes in pulmonary function and compare such variables between patients with COPD and healthy individuals. METHOD: Fifteen patients with COPD (67...
July 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555757/respiratory-muscle-strength-effect-on-linear-and-nonlinear-heart-rate-variability-parameters-in-copd-patients
#10
Cássia Da Luz Goulart, Julio Cristiano Simon, Paloma De Borba Schneiders, Elisabete Antunes San Martin, Ramona Cabiddu, Audrey Borghi-Silva, Renata Trimer, Andréa Lúcia Gonçalves da Silva
INTRODUCTION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is recognized as a multisystemic inflammatory disease associated with extrapulmonary comorbidities, including respiratory muscle weakness and cardiovascular and cardiac autonomic regulation disorders. We investigated whether alterations in respiratory muscle strength (RMS) would affect cardiac autonomic modulation in COPD patients. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional study done in ten COPD patients affected by moderate to very severe disease...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524634/transcutaneous-carbon-dioxide-partial-pressure-trends-during-six-minute-walk-test-in-patients-with-very-severe-copd
#11
Vasileios Andrianopoulos, Lowie E G W Vanfleteren, Inga Jarosch, Rainer Gloeckl, Tessa Schneeberger, Emiel F M Wouters, Martijn A Spruit, Klaus Kenn
BACKGROUND: Transcutaneous carbon-dioxide partial-pressure (TCPCO2) can be reliably measured and may be of clinical relevance in COPD. Changes in TCPCO2 and exercise-induced hypercapnia (EIH) during six-minute walk test (6MWT) need further investigation. We aimed (1) to define patterns of TCPCO2 trends during 6MWT and (2) to study determinants of CO2-retention and EIH. METHODS: Sixty-two COPD patients (age: 63±8years, FEV1: 33±10%pred.) were recruited and TCPCO2 was recorded by SenTec digital-monitoring-system during 6MWT...
November 2016: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423810/-french-data-from-the-continuing-to-confront-copd-c2c-survey
#12
N Roche, R Ajjouri, A Compagnon, T Van Der Molen, H Mullerova
INTRODUCTION: This article describes the French data which contributed to the international "Continuing to Confront COPD" (C2C) survey conducted in 2013 across 12 countries. Its objective was to describe the characteristics, symptoms and impact of COPD on health status, daily activities and working life in adults identified with the study definition as COPD; i.e., reporting a diagnosis of COPD, emphysema, chronic bronchitis (CB) or symptoms of CB either currently present or for which they had been treated in the past...
July 13, 2016: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27332413/living-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-being-followed-up-through-telemedicine-a-phenomenological-approach
#13
Tina Lien Barken, Elin Thygesen, Ulrika Söderhamn
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) provides substantially reduced health related quality of life (HQoL). Telemonitoring on COPD patients appears to have a positive effect on improving HQoL. This study has a phenomenological approach, and ten informants, who were followed-up between 1 and 3 months in their own homes through telemonitoring of COPD symptoms, narrated their lived experiences of HQoL. The results show that the informants experienced safety and increased knowledge through the digital dialog (telemedicine) with expertise nurses, which indirectly improved their HQoL, and in term lead to increased mastery and control in managing their disease...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27144113/use-of-computed-tomography-digital-subtraction-angiography-in%C3%A2-differentiating-pulmonary-thrombosis-and-pulmonary-artery-dissection-in-a-large-pulmonary-artery-aneurysm
#14
Hashrul N Z Rashid, Andy K Lim, Kenneth K Lau
70 year-old female with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) presented with typical symptoms of an exacerbation of COPD. Management of COPD resolved her wheezing, but ongoing hypoxia and retrospective history of atypical chest pain prompted exclusion of a pulmonary embolus. A CT Pulmonary Angiogram (CTPA) with standard 64-slice CT revealed an extensive non-occlusive defect in a grossly dilated right pulmonary artery. Presence of circumferential cuff of soft tissue within sub-segmental pulmonary artery branch raised the possibility of pulmonary artery dissection (PAD)...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27074288/posture-and-mobility-of-the-upper-body-quadrant-and-pulmonary-function-in-copd-an-exploratory-study
#15
Nuno Morais, Joana Cruz, Alda Marques
Background There is limited evidence regarding interactions between pulmonary (dys)function, posture, and mobility of the upper body quadrant in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Objectives This exploratory study aimed to investigate whether postural alignment and mobility of the upper quadrant are related to changes in pulmonary function and compare such variables between patients with COPD and healthy individuals. Method Fifteen patients with COPD (67.93±9.71yrs) and 15 healthy controls (66...
April 8, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27048618/innovations-in-health-information-technologies-for-chronic-pulmonary-diseases
#16
REVIEW
Blanca E Himes, Elissa R Weitzman
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are common chronic obstructive lung disorders in the US that affect over 49 million people. There is no cure for asthma or COPD, but clinical guidelines exist for controlling symptoms that are successful in most patients that adhere to their treatment plan. Health information technologies (HITs) are revolutionizing healthcare by becoming mainstream tools to assist patients in self-monitoring and decision-making, and subsequently, driving a shift toward a care model increasingly centered on personal adoption and use of digital and web-based tools...
2016: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26901449/could-digital-health-applications-improve-the-health-of-copd-patients
#17
Michael R Jacobs, Gerard J Criner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2016: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26786741/transcutaneous-carbon-dioxide-monitoring-in-subjects-with-acute-respiratory-failure-and-severe-hypercapnia
#18
Yolanda Ruiz, Eva Farrero, Ana Córdoba, Nuria González, Jordi Dorca, Enric Prats
BACKGROUND: Transcutaneous carbon dioxide (P(tcCO2)) monitoring is being used increasingly to assess acute respiratory failure. However, there are conflicting findings concerning its reliability when evaluating patients with high levels of P(aCO2). Our study evaluates the accuracy of this method in subjects with respiratory failure according to the severity of hypercapnia. METHODS: We included subjects with respiratory failure, admitted to a respiratory intermediate care unit, who required arterial blood gas analysis...
April 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26651831/comprehensive-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-home-based-online-groups-a-mixed-method-pilot-study-in-copd
#19
Tatjana M Burkow, Lars K Vognild, Elin Johnsen, Marijke Jongsma Risberg, Astrid Bratvold, Elin Breivik, Trine Krogstad, Audhild Hjalmarsen
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive multidisciplinary pulmonary rehabilitation is vital in the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and is considered for any stage of the disease. Rehabilitation programmes are often centre-based and organised in groups. However, the distance from the patient's home to the centre and lack of transportation may hinder participation. Rehabilitation at home can improve access to care for patients regardless of disease severity. We had previously studied the technology usability and acceptability of a comprehensive home rehabilitation programme designed for patients with very severe COPD receiving long-term oxygen therapy...
2015: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26644008/quantification-of-nonuniform-distribution-of-hemi-lung-perfusion-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#20
Osamu Mitomo
Nonuniform distribution (NUD) of perfusion on single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is caused by impaired perfusion-related fluctuations of the functional volume (FFV). It was determined if digital analysis of NUD in each hemi-lung damaged by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) could improve the whole lung impairment assessment. We examined 665 subjects and 8 controls by SPECT. The basic whole lung SPECT volume was defined at 10% of maximum whole lung count cutoff threshold (T h). For the whole lung and each hemi-lung, the 10% T h width volume, FFV rate, and misfit from the control were calculated at every T h width number (n) from 1 to 9 for every additional 10% T h from 10 to 100%...
January 2016: Annals of Nuclear Medicine
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