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Natasha Kishore Pahuja, Rohit Shetty, Abhijit Sinha Roy, Maithil Mukesh Thakkar, Chaitra Jayadev, Rudy Mma Nuijts, Harsha Nagaraja
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes of corneal laser ablation with Q factor modification for vision correction in patients with progressive keratoconus. METHODS: In this prospective study, 50 eyes of 50 patients were divided into two groups based on Q factor (>-1 in Group I and ≤-1 in Group II). All patients underwent a detailed ophthalmic examination including uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), subjective acceptance and corneal topography using the Pentacam...
October 21, 2016: Current Eye Research
David A Atchison, Marwan Suheimat, Ankit Mathur, Lucas J Lister, Jos Rozema
Purpose: To determine the corneal surfaces and lens contributions to ocular aberrations. Methods: There were 61 healthy participants with ages ranging from 20 to 55 years and refractions -8.25 diopters (D) to +3.25 D. Anterior and posterior corneal topographies were obtained with an Oculus Pentacam, and ocular aberrations were obtained with an iTrace aberrometer. Raytracing through models of corneas provided total corneal and surface component aberrations for 5-mm-diameter pupils...
October 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Sherif A Eissa
PURPOSE: To assess the outcomes of sulcus implantation of the Visian(®) implantable collamer lens (ICL) to correct pseudophakic myopic anisometropic amblyopia with myopic shift and/or primary refractive overcorrection. METHODS: Prospective case series enrolled 14 pseudophakic eyes of 14 patients, 5-9 years old, with history of cataract surgery and primary in the bag-intraocular lenses (IOL) implantation, followed by myopic shift and/or refractive overcorrection and anisometropic amblyopia of variable degrees...
September 29, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Bin Zhang, Jing-Xue Ma, Dan-Yan Liu, Cong-Rong Guo, Ying-Hua Du, Xiu-Jin Guo, Yue-Xian Cui
AIM: To evaluate the effects of posterior corneal surface measurements on the accuracy of total estimated corneal astigmatism. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients with toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation and posterior corneal astigmatism exceeding 0.5 diopter were enrolled in this retrospective study. The keratometric astigmatism (KA) and total corneal astigmatism (TA) were measured using a Pentacam rotating Scheimpflug camera to assess the outcomes of AcrySof IOL implantation...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Ercan Ozsoy, Abuzer Gunduz, Ersin Ersan Demirel, Tongabay Cumurcu
Purpose. To evaluate anterior segment's structures by Pentacam in patients with tilted disc syndrome (TDS). Methods. Group 1 included forty-six eyes of forty-six patients who have the TDS. Group 2 including forty-six eyes of forty-six cases was the control group which was equal to the study group in age, gender, and refraction. A complete ophthalmic examination was performed in both groups. All cases were evaluated by Pentacam. The axial length (AL) of eyes was measured by ultrasound. Quantitative data obtained from these measurements were compared between two groups...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Agnes Lipecz, Alexis Tsorbatzoglou, Ziad Hassan, Andras Berta, Laszlo Modis, Gabor Nemeth
PURPOSE: To analyze the effect of the accommodation on the anterior segment data (corneal and anterior chamber parameters) induced by short-time reading in a healthy, nonpresbyopic adult patient group. METHODS: Images of both eyes of nonpresbyopic volunteers were captured with a Scheimpflug device (Pentacam HR) in a nonaccommodative state. Fifteen minutes of reading followed and through fixation of the built-in target of Pentacam HR further accommodation was achieved and new images were captured by the device...
September 9, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Lia Florim Patrão, Ana Laura Caiado Canedo, João Luiz Peixoto Braga de Azevedo, Rosane Correa, Renato Ambrósio
We report two cases of suspicious asymmetric bow tie and inferior steepening on topographic evaluations with reflection (Placido) and projection (Scheimpflug). Rotating Scheimpflug corneal and anterior segment tomography (Oculus Pentacam HR, Wetzlar, Germany)® was performed in the first case, with a maximal keratometric value (Kmax) of 43.2 D and an overall deviation value from the Belin/Ambrósio Enhanced Ectasia Display (BAD-D) of 1.76, which was observed in the study eye (OD). BAD-D was 6.59 in the fellow eye, which had clinical findings that were consistent with keratoconus stage 2...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Mehrdad Mohammadpour, Kazem Mohammad, Nasser Karimi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the agreement among Pentacam, Orbscan and ultrasound (US) pachymetry for measurement of central corneal thickness (CCT) in thin corneas with normal topographic pattern. METHODS: We included 88 eyes of 44 refractive surgery candidates with thinnest pachymetric readings of 500 micrometers (μm) or less on Orbscan, a normal topographic pattern, no sign of keratoconus, and best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 20/20. Pentacam, Orbscan and US were performed in one session by the same examiner...
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Xun Chen, Huamao Miao, Rajeev Krishnan Naidu, Xiaoying Wang, Xingtao Zhou
BACKGROUND: To objectively compare the early changes in vault over time following implantation of an Implantable Collamer Lens without (ICL V4) and with (ICL V4c) a central hole and the respective factors affecting vault change in moderate to high myopia. METHODS: This prospective study comprised of 38 eyes of 38 patients implanted with ICL V4 and 39 eyes of 39 patients implanted with ICL V4c intraocular lenses. We quantitatively assessed the postoperative values of vault and pupil size at 1 day, 1 week, and 1 month following implantation using a rotating Scheimpflug camera (Pentacam)...
2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Qinghe Jing, Yating Tang, Dongjin Qian, Yi Lu, Yongxiang Jiang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the characteristics of the posterior corneal surface in patients with high myopia before cataract surgery. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study at the Eye and ENT Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Corneal astigmatism and axial length were measured with a rotating Scheimpflug camera (Pentacam) and partial coherence interferometry (IOLMaster) in a high-myopia study group of 167 eyes (axial length ≥ 26 mm) and a control group of 150 eyes (axial length > 20 mm and < 25 mm)...
2016: PloS One
Pedro Gil, Joana Pires, Rita Matos, Mariana S Cardoso, Nádia Lopes, João Matias, Manuel Mariano
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of the study was to describe and compare anterior and posterior topographic elevation maps in primary open angle glaucoma patients with functional damage staging and in healthy controls. METHODS: A total of 217 subjects were consecutively recruited, including 111 primary open angle glaucoma patients (patients), and 106 healthy individuals (controls). All patients performed Pentacam HR corneal topography. Mean anterior keratometry and anterior and posterior topographic elevation maps were compared in the central 3, 5, and 7 mm...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
Maged Alnawaiseh, Lars Zumhagen, Sven Zumhagen, Lea Schulte, André Rosentreter, Friederike Schubert, Nicole Eter, Gerold Mönnig
PURPOSE: The clinical efficacy and toxicity of amiodarone may be determined more effectively by tissue deposition than by levels of the agent in serum. Therefore, corneal densitometry might be useful for therapeutic monitoring. The aim of the study is to evaluate Scheimpflug corneal densitometry in patients with amiodarone keratopathy (AK). DESIGN: Comparative case series. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-six patients receiving amiodarone therapy and 66 healthy controls were consecutively enrolled in this study...
August 30, 2016: Ophthalmology
Feng Gao, Tao Lin, Yingzhe Pan
Diabetic keratopathy is an ocular complication that occurs with diabetes. In the present study, the effect of diabetic keratopathy on corneal optical density, central corneal thickness, and corneal endothelial cell count was investigated. One hundred and eighty diabetic patients (360 eyes) were enrolled in the study during the period from March, 2012 to March, 2013. The patients were divided into three age groups: <5, 5-10 and >10 years, with 60 patients per group (120 eyes). During the same period, 60 healthy cases (120 eyes) were selected and labeled as the normal control group...
September 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Sherine S Wahba, Maged M Roshdy, Rania S Elkitkat, Karim M Naguib
Purpose. To evaluate accuracy of various Keratoconus (KC) screening indices, in relation to Topographic Keratoconus (TKC) grading. Setting. Al Watany Eye Hospital, Cairo, Egypt. Methods. Data of 103 normal (group 1) and 73 KC eyes (group 2), imaged by Pentacam (branded as Allegro Oculyzer), were analysed. Group 2 was divided into 2a: 14 eyes (TKC = 1, early KC), 2b: 25 eyes (TKC = 1 to 2 or 2, moderate KC), and 2c: 34 eyes (TKC = 2 to 3 up to 4, severe KC). Participants were followed up for six years to confirm diagnosis...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Lucía Perucho-González, Federico Sáenz-Francés, Laura Morales-Fernández, José María Martínez-de-la-Casa, Carmen D Méndez-Hernández, Enrique Santos-Bueso, John L Brookes, Julián García-Feijoó
PURPOSE: To determine whether a set of ocular morphometric and biomechanical variables are able to discriminate between healthy volunteers and patients suffering from primary congenital glaucoma (PCG). METHODS: Case-control study in which 66 patients with PCG and 94 age-matched healthy subjects were evaluated using ocular response analyser (ORA) to record corneal biomechanical properties. Topographic corneal variables were obtained using the Pentacam in both groups...
August 29, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
B C Thomas, A Müller, G U Auffarth, M P Holzer
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the duration of the preoperative examination and patient comfort in measurements with an Image Guided System (Verion, Alcon), which is used for the calculation and intraoperative alignment of toric intraocular lenses, in comparison to established keratometry devices. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a prospective, monocentric, open, ethics committee controlled study, 150 eyes of 150 ophthalmologically healthy volunteers were examined by a single examiner...
August 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Natasha Pahuja, Rushad Shroff, Pratik Pahanpate, Mathew Francis, Leio Veeboy, Rohit Shetty, Rudy M M A Nuijts, Abhijit Sinha Roy
Irregularity of the Bowman's layer (BL) in keratoconus (KC, sample size (n) = 28) and forme fruste keratoconus (FFKC, n = 18) eyes was evaluated. Subjects underwent high resolution OCT imaging (Bioptigen Inc., USA) and corneal tomography (Pentacam v1.20r41, OCULUS Optikgeräte GmbH, Germany). Anterior edge of the BL was segmented. A Bowman's roughness index (BRI) was defined as the sum of the enclosed areas between segmented edge and a smooth 3(rd) order polynomial fit to the edge. BRI was compared with corneal aberrations, Keratoconus percentage index (KISA), Cone location magnitude index (CLMI) and Belin-Ambrosio enhanced ectasia display overall deviation index (BAD-D)...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Hua Li, Yan Wang, Rui Dou, Pinghui Wei, Jiamei Zhang, Wei Zhao, Liuyang Li
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article was to evaluate intraocular pressure (IOP) changes and investigate the relationship with corneal biomechanics after small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and femtosecond laser-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK). METHODS: A total of 193 eyes of 193 patients who underwent SMILE and FS-LASIK procedures were included in this retrospective study. Data were collected preoperatively and postoperatively, including Goldmann-correlated IOP (IOPg), corneal-compensated IOP (IOPcc), corneal hysteresis (CH), and corneal resistance factor (CRF) by ocular response analyzer, noncontact intraocular pressure (IOPNCT) by noncontact tonometer, and Ehlers, Shah, Dresden, Kohlhaas, Orssengo/Pye by the Pentacam corrected system...
August 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Q Cheng, J C Lian, J Zhang, W Q Yao, S S Zhang, S Ye
OBJECTIVE: To compare visual acuity, refractive outcome, high order aberrations, contrast sensitivity and subjective symptom of myopia with laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) centered on the coaxially sighted corneal light reflex (CSCLR group) and the conventional ablation of line of sight (LOS group). METHODS: With prospective, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial, the right eyes of patients were included and divided into two groups according to random stratified grouping...
July 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
C J Yu, Y Wang, X L Su, W J Wu, Z Q Wu, Y N Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in posterior corneal elevation after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and related factors. METHODS: Retrospective case series study. Eighty-three eyes of 44 myopic patients undergoing SMILE were examined with the Pentacam preoperatively, and at 1 day, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months postoperatively. Posterior corneal elevation at the corneal apex and 0°, 45°, 90°, 135°, 180°, 225°, 270° and 325° points of the 2 mm and 6 mm diameter (total, 17 points) was analyzed...
July 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
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