keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

bone and diabetes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637038/synergic-impact-of-vascular-calcification-and-low-autonomic-tone-in-mortality-of-hemodialysis-patients
#1
Hwee-Yeong Ng, Shu-Kai Hsueh, Yueh-Ting Lee, Terry Ting-Yu Chiou, Pei-Chen Huang, Chien-Te Lee
BACKGROUND: Both cardiovascular calcification and autonomic dysfunction are frequently encountered in hemodialysis patients. We aimed to investigate the relationship between cardiovascular calcification and heart rate variability (HRV) and their influence on long-term outcome. METHODS: Seventy-eight hemodialysis patients underwent echocardiogram and radiography of the pelvis and hands to identify valvular and vascular calcification. HRV was evaluated using a commercial machine...
June 22, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633150/hexapod-frame-stacked-transport-for-tibial-infected-nonunions-with-bone-loss-analysis-of-use-of-adjunctive-stability
#2
Joshua K Napora, Douglas S Weinberg, Blake A Eagle, Bram R Kaufman, John K Sontich
OBJECTIVES: The stacked hexapod bone transport technique is an effective treatment for infected tibial nonunions with bone loss. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the patients' risk factors and timing for requiring adjunctive stabilization. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Level 1 trauma center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-five patients with infected posttraumatic nonunions of the tibia. INTERVENTION: Resection of nonunion with application of stacked hexapod frame for bone transport...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631813/high-fat-diet-attenuates-hyperglycemia-body-composition-changes-and-bone-loss-in-male-streptozotocin-induced-type-1-diabetic-mice
#3
Adriana Lelis Carvalho, Victoria E DeMambro, Anyonya R Guntur, Phuong Le, Kenichi Nagano, Roland Baron, Francisco José Albuquerque de Paula, Katherine J Motyl
There is a growing and alarming prevalence of obesity and the metabolic syndrome in type I diabetic patients (T1DM), particularly in adolescence. In general, low bone mass, higher fracture risk and increased marrow adipose tissue (MAT) are features of diabetic osteopathy in insulin deficient subjects. On the other hand, type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is associated with normal or high bone mass, a greater risk of peripheral fractures and no change in MAT. Therefore, we sought to determine the effect of weight gain on bone turnover in insulin deficient mice...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631500/pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-survival-and-proliferation-are-promoted-by-protein-kinase-g-type-i%C3%AE-and-downstream-regulation-of-akt-foxo1
#4
Janica C Wong, Van Vo, Priyatham Gorjala, Ronald R Fiscus
Early studies showed nitric oxide as a pro-inflammatory-cytokine-induced toxin involved in pancreatic β-cell destruction during pathogenesis of type-1 diabetes. However, nitric oxide has both cytotoxic and cytoprotective effects on mammalian cells, depending on concentration and micro-environmental surroundings. Our studies have shown that low/physiological-level nitric oxide selectively activates protein kinase G type Iα isoform, promoting cytoprotective/pro-cell-survival effects in many cell types. In bone marrow-derived stromal/mesenchymal stem cells, protein kinase G type Iα mediates autocrine effects of nitric oxide and atrial natriuretic peptide, promoting DNA-synthesis/proliferation and cell survival...
June 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631216/safety-and-tolerability-of-empagliflozin-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-pooled-analysis-of-phase-i-iii-clinical-trials
#5
Sven Kohler, Cordula Zeller, Hristo Iliev, Stefan Kaspers
INTRODUCTION: We characterized the safety and tolerability of empagliflozin in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) randomized 1:1:1 to placebo, empagliflozin 10 mg, or empagliflozin 25 mg in clinical trials. METHODS: Pooled data were analyzed from patients with T2DM treated with placebo (N = 4203), empagliflozin 10 mg (N = 4221), or empagliflozin 25 mg (N = 4196) in 15 randomized phase I-III trials plus four extension studies. Adverse events (AEs) were assessed descriptively in participants who took at least one dose of study drug...
June 19, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630838/a-case-report-of-an-unusual-case-of-tuberculous-osteomyelitis-causing-spontaneous-pathological-fracture-of-humerus-in-a-middle-aged-female
#6
Umesh Birole, Ashish Ranade, Mahesh Mone
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis is a major health problem worldwide. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis is often secondary to some primary foci in lungs. There are reports of tuberculous osteomyelitis involving maxilla, ulna, femur, and shoulder joint but none have reported pathological fracture in humeral diaphysis due to tuberculosis osteomyelitis without shoulder joint involvement. We report a case of pathological fracture of humerus diaphysis due to tuberculous osteomyelitis with normal articular space...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630427/insulin-use-and-excess-fracture-risk-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-propensity-matched-cohort-analysis
#7
Eladio Losada-Grande, Samuel Hawley, Berta Soldevila, Daniel Martinez-Laguna, Xavier Nogues, Adolfo Diez-Perez, Manel Puig-Domingo, Dídac Mauricio, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra
Despite normal to high bone mineral density, patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) have an increased fracture risk. T2DM medications could partially account for this excess risk. The aim of this study was to assess the association between insulin use and bone fracture risk in T2DM patients. A population-based matched cohort study based on a primary care records database validated for research use (Catalonia, Spain) was performed. Propensity score (PS) for insulin use was calculated using logistic regression including predefined predictors of fractures...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629083/effects-on-insulin-adsorption-due-to-zinc-and-strontium-substitution-in-hydroxyapatite
#8
Luisa A Scudeller, Elena Mavropoulos, Marcelo N Tanaka, Andrea M Costa, Carolina A C Braga, Elvis O López, Alexandre Mello, Alexandre M Rossi
Insulin-loaded calcium phosphate nanoparticles have been proposed as a potential drug delivery system for the oral treatment of diabetes and to stimulate bone cell proliferation and bone mineralization. The kinetics of insulin incorporation onto hydroxyapatite (HA) and Sr (SrHA)- and Zn (ZnHA)-substituted hydroxyapatite nanoparticles was investigated using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, zeta potential measurements and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625128/the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signalling-pathway-inhibitor-sclerostin-is-a-biomarker-for-early-atherosclerosis-in-obesity
#9
Djordje S Popovic, Milena Mitrovic, Dragana Tomic-Naglic, Tijana Icin, Ivana Bajkin, Bojan Vukovic, Damir Benc, Zeljko Zivanovic, Branka Kovacev-Zavisic, Edita Stokic
BACKGROUND: Sclerostin is an inhibitor of the wingless-type mouse mammary tumor virus integration site family/β-catenin signalling pathway (WβcSP), which plays an important role in bone metabolism and in vascular biology. It could act protective regarding atherosclerosis development through its effect on WβcSP in vascular cells. Nevertheless, results of studies analyzing association between circulating sclerostin level (CSL) and atherosclerotic diseases (AD) are showing conflicting results...
June 18, 2017: Current Neurovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624935/eldecalcitol-an-active-vitamin-d3-derivative-prevents-trabecular-bone-loss-and-bone-fragility-in-type-i-diabetic-model-rats
#10
Satoshi Takeda, Mitsuru Saito, Sadaoki Sakai, Kenji Yogo, Keishi Marumo, Koichi Endo
Diabetes mellitus is known to adversely affect the bones and be associated with increased fracture risk. We examined whether eldecalcitol (ELD), an active vitamin D3 derivative, could inhibit the diabetic bone loss in streptozotocin-induced type I diabetic rats. ELD (10, 20, or 40 ng/kg), alfacalcidol (ALF; 25, 50, or 100 ng/kg), or vehicle was administered 5 times per week for 12 weeks from 1 week after diabetes induction. Normal control rats received the vehicle. Bone turnover markers, bone mineral density (BMD), and biomechanical strength of the lumbar spine and femur were measured, and bone histomorphometry was performed...
June 17, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624657/adiponectin-improves-the-osteointegration-of-titanium-implant-under-diabetic-conditions-by-reversing-mitochondrial-dysfunction-via-the-ampk-pathway-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#11
Xiao-Fan Hu, Lin Wang, Yi-Zhao Lu, Geng Xiang, Zi-Xiang Wu, Ya-Bo Yan, Yang Zhang, Xiong Zhao, Yuan Zang, Lei Shi, Wei Lei, Ya-Fei Feng
Diabetes-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) overproduction would result in compromised osteointegration of titanium implant (TI) and high rate of implant failure, yet the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Adiponectin (APN) is a fat-derived adipocytokine with strong antioxidant, mitochondrial-protective and anti-diabetic efficacies. We hypothesized that mitochondrial dysfunction under diabetes may account for the oxidative stress in osteoblasts and titanium-bone interface (TBI) instability, which could be ameliorated by APN...
June 14, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623120/association-between-ischemic-stroke-and-erdheim-chester-disease-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#12
Guillaume Fargeot, Sabrina Stefanizzi, Sebastien Depuydt, Frederic Klapczynski, Alain Ameri
Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare form of non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis characterized by a xanthogranulomatous infiltration of tissues by spumous histiocytes. Neurological involvement is frequent, but ischemic strokes have been exceptionally described. We report the case of a 68-year-old woman who presented with an acute ischemic stroke associated with a multisystemic disorder including insipidus diabetes, infiltration of the aorta and the carotid arteries, perirenal infiltration, aortitis, and lytic bone lesions...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622041/the-effects-of-low-level-laser-therapy-on-the-healing-of-bone-defects-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats-a-histological-and-morphometric-evaluation
#13
Senem Yildirimturk, Yigit Sirin, Merva Soluk Tekkesin, Gokhan Gurler, Deniz Firat
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of LLLT on the healing of bone defects in rats with streptozotocin (STZ) induced DM. METHODS: 28 male Sprague-Dawley rats were used in this study. 14 animals received a single dose of STZ intraperitoneally (65 mg/kg) to induce Type I DM, whereas others were injected only with sterile saline solution. Four weeks later, standard bone defects were created in the tibiae of rats. Surgical wounds in one group from each of the diabetic and non-diabetic animals were irradiated with diode laser for every other day for 4 weeks and they were described as DM+LLLT and CONT+LLLT groups, respectively...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620422/special-considerations-for-vitamin-d-in-the-south-asian-population-in-the-uk
#14
REVIEW
Nicola M Lowe, Issak Bhojani
The human requirement for vitamin D is achieved primarily through the synthesis of this prehormone in the skin during exposure to ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation, with only a minor contribution from the diet, year round. Achieving optimal vitamin D status is therefore largely dependent upon adequate exposure of the skin to sunlight, however, the length of exposure required varies with latitude and season, and is also dependent upon skin pigmentation, with darker skin requiring greater exposure than fair skin due to the protective effects of melanin against UVB radiation...
June 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614912/peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-alpha-facilitates-osteogenic-differentiation-in-mc3t3-e1-cells-via-the-sirtuin-1-dependent-signaling-pathway
#15
Kai Gong, Bo Qu, Cairu Wang, Jingsong Zhou, Dongfa Liao, Wei Zheng, Xianming Pan
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a chronic, metabolic disease characterized by a lack of insulin and high glucose levels. T2DM can cause bone loss and fracture, thus leading to diabetic osteoporosis. Promoting osteogenic differentiation of osteoblasts may effectively treat diabetic osteoporosis. We previously reported that Sirtuin 1 (Sirt1), a NAD+-dependent deacetylase, promotes osteogenic differentiation through downregulation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) gamma. We also found that miR-132 regulates osteogenic differentiation by downregulating Sirt1 in a PPARbeta/δ- dependent manner...
June 14, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614667/n-glycosylation-of-asparagine-130-in-the-extracellular-domain-of-the-human-calcitonin-receptor-significantly-increases-peptide-hormone-affinity
#16
Sang-Min Lee, Jason M Booe, Joseph J Gingell, Virginie Sjoelund, Debbie L Hay, Augen A Pioszak
The calcitonin receptor (CTR) is a class B G protein-coupled receptor that is activated by the peptide hormones calcitonin and amylin. Calcitonin regulates bone remodeling through CTR, whereas amylin regulates blood glucose and food intake by activating CTR in complex with receptor activity-modifying proteins (RAMPs). These receptors are targeted clinically for treatment of osteoporosis and diabetes. Here, we define the role of CTR N-glycosylation in hormone binding using purified calcitonin and amylin receptor extracellular domain (ECD) glycoforms and fluorescence polarization/anisotropy and isothermal titration calorimetry peptide-binding assays...
June 14, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612007/erdheim-chester-disease-presenting-with-secondary-hypertension-as-a-result-of-bilateral-proximal-renal-artery-stenosis-a-case-report
#17
Farid Arman, Hania Shakeri, Niloofar Nobakht, Anjay Rastogi, Mohammad Kamgar
Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare, non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis presenting most commonly with bone and central nervous system symptoms, including but not limited to bone pain and diabetes insipidus. We present a known case of ECD, which was referred for secondary hypertension workup and diagnosed with severe, proximal, bilateral renal artery stenosis.
May 2017: Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607825/cranioplasty-indications-procedures-and-outcome-an-institutional-experience
#18
Syed M Andrabi, Arif H Sarmast, Altaf R Kirmani, Abdul R Bhat
BACKGROUND: Cranioplasty, the repair of a skull vault defect by insertion of an object (bone or nonbiological materials such as metal or plastic plates), is a well-known procedure in modern neurosurgery. Brain protection and cosmetic aspects are the major indications of cranioplasty. A retroprospective study was conducted for evaluating the indications, materials used, complications, and outcome of cranioplasty. METHODS: This study was prospective from August 2013 to September 2015 and retrospective from August 2010 to July 2013...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603900/mitochondrial-point-mutation-m-3243a%C3%A2-%C3%A2-g-associates-with-lower-bone-mineral-density-thinner-cortices-and-reduced-bone-strength-a-case-control-study
#19
Jakob Høgild Langdahl, Anja Lisbeth Frederiksen, Stinus Jørn Hansen, Per Heden Andersen, Knud Bonnet Yderstraede, Morten Dunø, John Vissing, Morten Frost
Mitochondrial dysfunction is associated with several clinical manifestations including diabetes, neurological disorders, renal and hepatic diseases and myopathy. While mitochondrial dysfunction is associated with increased bone resorption and decreased bone formation in mouse models, effects of alterations in mitochondrial function on bone remodelling and mass have not been investigated in humans. We recruited 45 carriers (29 females, 16 males) with the m.3243A > G mutation and healthy controls matched for gender, age, height and menopausal status...
June 11, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602059/depth-and-combined-infection-is-important-predictor-of-lower-extremity-amputations-in-hospitalized-diabetic-foot-ulcer-patients
#20
Eun-Gyo Jeong, Sung Shim Cho, Sang-Hoon Lee, Kang-Min Lee, Seo-Kyung Woo, Yoongoo Kang, Jae-Seung Yun, Seon-Ah Cha, Yoon-Jung Kim, Yu-Bae Ahn, Seung-Hyun Ko, Jung-Min Lee
Background/Aims: As the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and its complications increase rapidly, diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs), which are a major diabetic complication, are expected to increase. For prevention and effective treatment, it is important to understand the clinical course of DFUs. The aim of this study was to investigate the natural course and predictors of amputation in patients with DFUs who required hospitalization. Methods: A total of 209 patients with type 2 diabetes, aged 30 to 85 years, who visited emergency department or needed hospitalization due to DFUs were consecutively enrolled from May 2012 to January 2016, by retrospective medical record review...
June 7, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
keyword
keyword
111632
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"