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somatic, somatisation, somatization

Kai Sing Sun, Tai Pong Lam, Kwok Fai Lam, Tak Lam Lo, David Vai Kiong Chao, Edmund Wing Wo Lam
This study investigated enablers to seeking professional help for psychological distress among Chinese primary care attenders in Hong Kong. Nine focus groups and six individual interviews were conducted among adult patients with/without known distress, significant others of the distressed, and the general public. The identified potential enablers were further investigated in a questionnaire survey with data from 1626 patients. Survey respondents who had sought professional help for distress (n = 231) and those without this experience (n = 1395) showed similar attitudes to the enabler items...
March 24, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Tomoko Fujii, Hiroyuki Oka, Junji Katsuhira, Juichi Tonosu, Satoshi Kasahara, Sakae Tanaka, Ko Matsudaira
Depression is a relevant risk factor for low back pain and is associated with the outcomes of low back pain. Depression also often overlaps with somatisation. As previous studies have suggested that somatisation or a higher somatic symptom burden has a role in the outcomes of low back pain, the aim of the present cross-sectional study was to examine whether somatic symptom burden was associated with health-related quality of life in individuals with chronic low back pain independent of depression. We analyzed internet survey data on physical and mental health in Japanese adults aged 20-64 years with chronic low back pain (n = 3,100)...
2018: PloS One
Tomoko Fujii, Hiroyuki Oka, Junji Katsuhira, Juichi Tonosu, Satoshi Kasahara, Sakae Tanaka, Ko Matsudaira
BACKGROUND: Knee pain is common and related to knee osteoarthritis. However, there is a discrepancy between knee pain and radiographic osteoarthritis. In the general population, knee pain is associated with psychological and cognitive factors, which would be one explanation for the discrepancy. Limited evidence demonstrates that somatization is associated with knee pain. This study examined the association between disability due to knee pain and a high somatising tendency. METHODS: Japanese adults (aged 20-64 years) who had experienced knee pain in the past four weeks were included in this study (n = 14,695, 50% women)...
January 19, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
K-H Fuchs, F Musial, F Ulbricht, W Breithaupt, A Reinisch, B Babic, H Fuchs, G Varga
A large variety of foregut symptoms can occur in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which can overlap with other disorders such as somatoform disorders and dyspepsia. Due to unclear diagnostic situations, these patients are often not adequately treated. The aim of this study was the evaluation of patients with foregut symptoms, referred for possible antireflux surgery, regarding their relationship with GERD and somatization tendencies based on control data from an unselected population. Symptom evaluation and somatization screening were initiated both in volunteers and in patients with foregut symptoms and GERD...
July 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
A Ukra, L A Foster Page, W M Thomson, R G Knight, M Farella
The objectives of this study were to test the hypothesis that self-reported TMJ clicking sounds in adolescents are positively associated with non-specific somatic symptoms, self-perception of body image and care-seeking behaviour. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 353 young adolescents (48·4% females) recruited from community (N = 272) and orthodontic clinic (N = 81) settings. Assessments included self-reported TMJ clicking, non-specific physical symptoms, body image concerns and for the clinic sample only, the source of motivation for treatment...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Magnus Simrén, Hans Törnblom, Olafur S Palsson, Miranda A L van Tilburg, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Jan Tack, William E Whitehead
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the association between visceral hypersensitivity and GI symptom severity in large cohorts of patients with functional GI disorder (FGID) and to adjust for psychological factors and general tendency to report symptoms. DESIGN: We included five cohorts of patients with FGIDs (IBS or functional dyspepsia; n=1144), who had undergone visceral sensitivity testing using balloon distensions (gastric fundus, descending colon or rectum) and completed questionnaires to assess GI symptom severity, non-GI somatic symptoms, anxiety and depression...
February 2018: Gut
Thomas Zimmermann, Egina Puschmann, Hendrik van den Bussche, Birgitt Wiese, Annette Ernst, Sarah Porzelt, Anne Daubmann, Martin Scherer
BACKGROUND: Collaborative, nurse-led care is a well-established model of ambulatory care in many healthcare systems. Nurses play a key role in managing patients' conditions as well as in enhancing symptom- and self-management skills. OBJECTIVE: The SMADS trial evaluated the effectiveness of a primary care-based, nurse-led, complex intervention to promote self-management in patients with anxiety, depressive or somatic symptoms. Change in self-efficacy 12 months post baseline was used as the primary outcome...
November 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Tobias R Spiller, Matthis Schick, Ulrich Schnyder, Richard A Bryant, Angela Nickerson, Naser Morina
BACKGROUND: Most research on refugee mental health has focused on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Besides PTSD, however, traumatised refugees are often burdened by comorbid somatic and psychiatric conditions, as well as postmigration living difficulties (PMLD). It is unclear how these conditions interfere with presentation and treatment of PTSD. METHODS: This preliminary cross-sectional study investigated 134 severely traumatised refugees and asylum seekers in treatment in two psychiatric outpatient units in Switzerland...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
Sergio Vargas-Prada, David Coggon, Georgia Ntani, Karen Walker-Bone, Keith T Palmer, Vanda E Felli, Raul Harari, Lope H Barrero, Sarah A Felknor, David Gimeno, Anna Cattrell, Matteo Bonzini, Eleni Solidaki, Eda Merisalu, Rima R Habib, Farideh Sadeghian, M Masood Kadir, Sudath S P Warnakulasuriya, Ko Matsudaira, Busisiwe Nyantumbu, Malcolm R Sim, Helen Harcombe, Ken Cox, Leila M M Sarquis, Maria H Marziale, Florencia Harari, Rocio Freire, Natalia Harari, Magda V Monroy, Leonardo A Quintana, Marianela Rojas, E Clare Harris, Consol Serra, J Miguel Martinez, George Delclos, Fernando G Benavides, Michele Carugno, Marco M Ferrario, Angela C Pesatori, Leda Chatzi, Panos Bitsios, Manolis Kogevinas, Kristel Oha, Tiina Freimann, Ali Sadeghian, Roshini J Peiris-John, Nalini Sathiakumar, A Rajitha Wickremasinghe, Noriko Yoshimura, Helen L Kelsall, Victor C W Hoe, Donna M Urquhart, Sarah Derrett, David McBride, Peter Herbison, Andrew Gray, Eduardo J Salazar Vega
Somatising tendency, defined as a predisposition to worry about common somatic symptoms, is importantly associated with various aspects of health and health-related behaviour, including musculoskeletal pain and associated disability. To explore its epidemiological characteristics, and how it can be specified most efficiently, we analysed data from an international longitudinal study. A baseline questionnaire, which included questions from the Brief Symptom Inventory about seven common symptoms, was completed by 12,072 participants aged 20-59 from 46 occupational groups in 18 countries (response rate 70%)...
2016: PloS One
Nikki Claassen- van Dessel, Johannes C van der Wouden, Joost Dekker, Henriette E van der Horst
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed (1) to describe frequencies of DSM IV somatisation disorder, undifferentiated somatoform disorder and pain disorder versus DSM 5 somatic symptom disorder (SSD) in a multi-setting population of patients with medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS), (2) to investigate differences in sociodemographic and (psycho)pathological characteristics between these diagnostic groups and (3) to explore the clinical relevance of the distinction between mild and moderate DSM 5 SSD...
March 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Sulaiman Alkhadhari, Aseel Omran Alsabbrri, Ibrahim H A Mohammad, Amina Abdullah Atwan, Fatma Alqudaihi, Muhammad Ajmal Zahid
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of primary clinic attendees suffer from psychiatric disorders and many of them are neither recognized nor adequately treated by primary clinic physicians. OBJECTIVES: To determine the point prevalence of, and identify risk factors for, depression, anxiety, and somatisation disorder in the primary health clinics in the country. METHOD: The Physical Health Questionnaires (PHQ-SADs), were administered to a randomized sample of 1046 primary clinic attendees in all the five governorates of the country over a 5-month period...
May 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Sergio Vargas-Prada, David Coggon
Although much attention has been given to the physical determinants of common musculoskeletal complaints such as back and arm pain, research points to a stronger influence of psychological factors. Multiple studies have implicated poor mental health and somatisation (a tendency to worry about the common somatic symptoms) in the incidence and chronicity of musculoskeletal pain and associated disability. Also important are adverse beliefs about the prognosis of such disorders, and about the role of physical activity in their development and persistence...
June 2015: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
Breanna K Wright, Alexander C McFarlane, David M Clarke, Malcolm R Sim, Helen L Kelsall
OBJECTIVE: To better understand the consistent elevated symptom reporting by Gulf War veterans; we compared Australian Gulf War veterans and military-comparison group on symptom attributional styles and the relationship with total number and grouping of somatic and psychological symptoms. METHOD: Postal questionnaires were completed by Australian Gulf War veterans (n=697) and military-comparison group (n=659) in 2000-2002 and 2011-2012. Data were collected on deployments, military-psychological stressors, symptom reporting, symptom factors and attributional style (normalising, psychologising, somatising, mixed-attribution)...
December 2015: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Sandra M A Dijkstra-Kersten, Kate Sitnikova, Harm W J van Marwijk, Marloes M J G Gerrits, Johannes C van der Wouden, Brenda W J H Penninx, Henriëtte E van der Horst, Stephanie S Leone
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to examine somatisation as a risk factor for the onset of depressive and anxiety disorders. METHODS: 4-year follow-up data from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA), a multisite cohort study of the course of depression and anxiety, was analysed. Participants (18-65 years) without a lifetime depressive or anxiety disorder at baseline were included (n=611). Somatisation was measured at baseline with the somatisation subscale of the 4 Dimensional Symptoms Questionnaire...
December 2015: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Andrés Labiano-Fontcuberta, Yolanda Aladro, M Luisa Martínez-Ginés, Lucía Ayuso, Alex J Mitchell, Verónica Puertas, Marta Cerezo, Yolanda Higueras, Julián Benito-León
BACKGROUND: Radiologically isolated syndrome (RIS) is characterized by incidental lesions suggestive of multiple sclerosis (MS) on MRI without typical symptoms of MS. Clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) is characterized by a first episode of neurologic symptoms caused by demyelination in the central nervous system. To date, psychiatric disorders have not been systematically addressed in RIS subjects. We assessed emotional disturbances, personality features and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a cohort of RIS patients as compared with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS)...
September 2015: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Jun Sung Koh, Hyo Jung Ko, Sheng-Min Wang, Kang Joon Cho, Joon Chul Kim, Soo-Jung Lee, Chi-Un Pae
This study investigated the relationship of personality, depression, somatization, anxiety with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia (LUTS/BPH). The LUTS/BPH patients were evaluated with the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), 44-item Big Five Inventory (BFI), the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), the PHQ-15, and 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7). The LUTS/BPH symptoms were more severe in patients with depression (p=0.046) and somatization (p=0...
April 2015: Psychiatry Investigation
Massimo Biondi, Massimo Pasquini
Despite the recent DSM-5 review of somatoform disorders, which are now called somatic symptom and related disorders, the categorical definitions of these syndromes have inherent limitations because their causal mechanism or presumed aetiologies are still unknown. These limitations may affect everyday clinical practice and decision-making abilities. As a result, physicians have limited information at their disposal to treat these patients. Furthermore, the clinical presentations of somatic disorders may vary a lot...
2015: Advances in Psychosomatic Medicine
P Patel, P Bercik, D G Morgan, C Bolino, M I Pintos-Sanchez, P Moayyedi, A C Ford
BACKGROUND: Psychological factors may influence persistence and perceived severity of symptoms in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Literature suggests that somatisation is associated with IBS. However, the relationship between IBS subtype, symptoms of IBS and somatisation is unclear. AIM: To examine this issue in a large cohort of secondary care patients. METHODS: Demographic and gastrointestinal (GI) symptom data were collected from 4224 adult patients via the Rome III questionnaire...
March 2015: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Olga Pellicer-Porcar, Marcos Mirete-Fructuoso, Sergio Molina-Rodríguez, Johnathan Soto-Amaya
INTRODUCTION. Many young people today display memory complaints that are not linked to their real cognitive performance. A number of studies have sought to identify the factors involved in this problem, such as anxious-depressive symptoms, the variables of anxiety traditionally being measured as somatic or cognitive manifestations with an activation that is unspecific or not linked to any particular stimulus. AIMS. To perform an exploratory analysis to determine the role played by symptoms of depression and of various subtypes of specific and unspecific anxiety in memory complaints in young adults...
December 16, 2014: Revista de Neurologia
Andrew C Povey, Roseanne McNamee, Haytham Alhamwi, S Jill Stocks, Gillian Watkins, Alistair Burns, Raymond Agius
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological evidence linking low dose pesticide exposure and chronic ill-health in UK sheep farmers is limited. Our aim was to examine whether neuropsychiatric disorders were associated with low dose chronic and/or more acute pesticide exposure in sheep farmers. METHODS: A cohort of British farmers working in the 1970s was sent a screening questionnaire which asked about their health and work history. The prevalence of screen-positive depression, dementia, Parkinsonism and neuropathy was determined using a priori algorithms...
November 2014: Environmental Research
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