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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611093/collaborative-nurse-led-self-management-support-for-primary-care-patients-with-anxiety-depressive-or-somatic-symptoms-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-findings-of-the-smads-study
#1
Thomas Zimmermann, Egina Puschmann, Hendrik van den Bussche, Birgitt Wiese, Annette Ernst, Sarah Porzelt, Anne Daubmann, Martin Scherer
BACKGROUND: Collaborative, nurse-led care is a well-established model of ambulatory care in many healthcare systems. Nurses play a key role in managing patients' conditions as well as in enhancing symptom- and self-management skills. OBJECTIVE: The SMADS trial evaluated the effectiveness of a primary care-based, nurse-led, complex intervention to promote self-management in patients with anxiety, depressive or somatic symptoms. Change in self-efficacy 12 months post baseline was used as the primary outcome...
November 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27153515/somatisation-and-anger-are-associated-with-symptom-severity-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-severely-traumatised-refugees-and-asylum-seekers
#2
Tobias R Spiller, Matthis Schick, Ulrich Schnyder, Richard A Bryant, Angela Nickerson, Naser Morina
BACKGROUND: Most research on refugee mental health has focused on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Besides PTSD, however, traumatised refugees are often burdened by comorbid somatic and psychiatric conditions, as well as postmigration living difficulties (PMLD). It is unclear how these conditions interfere with presentation and treatment of PTSD. METHODS: This preliminary cross-sectional study investigated 134 severely traumatised refugees and asylum seekers in treatment in two psychiatric outpatient units in Switzerland...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27128094/descriptive-epidemiology-of-somatising-tendency-findings-from-the-cupid-study
#3
Sergio Vargas-Prada, David Coggon, Georgia Ntani, Karen Walker-Bone, Keith T Palmer, Vanda E Felli, Raul Harari, Lope H Barrero, Sarah A Felknor, David Gimeno, Anna Cattrell, Matteo Bonzini, Eleni Solidaki, Eda Merisalu, Rima R Habib, Farideh Sadeghian, M Masood Kadir, Sudath S P Warnakulasuriya, Ko Matsudaira, Busisiwe Nyantumbu, Malcolm R Sim, Helen Harcombe, Ken Cox, Leila M M Sarquis, Maria H Marziale, Florencia Harari, Rocio Freire, Natalia Harari, Magda V Monroy, Leonardo A Quintana, Marianela Rojas, E Clare Harris, Consol Serra, J Miguel Martinez, George Delclos, Fernando G Benavides, Michele Carugno, Marco M Ferrario, Angela C Pesatori, Leda Chatzi, Panos Bitsios, Manolis Kogevinas, Kristel Oha, Tiina Freimann, Ali Sadeghian, Roshini J Peiris-John, Nalini Sathiakumar, A Rajitha Wickremasinghe, Noriko Yoshimura, Helen L Kelsall, Victor C W Hoe, Donna M Urquhart, Sarah Derrett, David McBride, Peter Herbison, Andrew Gray, Eduardo J Salazar Vega
Somatising tendency, defined as a predisposition to worry about common somatic symptoms, is importantly associated with various aspects of health and health-related behaviour, including musculoskeletal pain and associated disability. To explore its epidemiological characteristics, and how it can be specified most efficiently, we analysed data from an international longitudinal study. A baseline questionnaire, which included questions from the Brief Symptom Inventory about seven common symptoms, was completed by 12,072 participants aged 20-59 from 46 occupational groups in 18 countries (response rate 70%)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26944392/clinical-value-of-dsm-iv-and-dsm-5-criteria-for-diagnosing-the-most-prevalent-somatoform-disorders-in-patients-with-medically-unexplained-physical-symptoms-mups
#4
MULTICENTER STUDY
Nikki Claassen- van Dessel, Johannes C van der Wouden, Joost Dekker, Henriette E van der Horst
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed (1) to describe frequencies of DSM IV somatisation disorder, undifferentiated somatoform disorder and pain disorder versus DSM 5 somatic symptom disorder (SSD) in a multi-setting population of patients with medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS), (2) to investigate differences in sociodemographic and (psycho)pathological characteristics between these diagnostic groups and (3) to explore the clinical relevance of the distinction between mild and moderate DSM 5 SSD...
March 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26852093/prevalence-of-psychiatric-morbidity-in-the-primary-health-clinic-attendees-in-kuwait
#5
Sulaiman Alkhadhari, Aseel Omran Alsabbrri, Ibrahim H A Mohammad, Amina Abdullah Atwan, Fatma Alqudaihi, Muhammad Ajmal Zahid
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of primary clinic attendees suffer from psychiatric disorders and many of them are neither recognized nor adequately treated by primary clinic physicians. OBJECTIVES: To determine the point prevalence of, and identify risk factors for, depression, anxiety, and somatisation disorder in the primary health clinics in the country. METHOD: The Physical Health Questionnaires (PHQ-SADs), were administered to a randomized sample of 1046 primary clinic attendees in all the five governorates of the country over a 5-month period...
May 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26612236/psychological-and-psychosocial-determinants-of-musculoskeletal-pain-and-associated-disability
#6
REVIEW
Sergio Vargas-Prada, David Coggon
Although much attention has been given to the physical determinants of common musculoskeletal complaints such as back and arm pain, research points to a stronger influence of psychological factors. Multiple studies have implicated poor mental health and somatisation (a tendency to worry about the common somatic symptoms) in the incidence and chronicity of musculoskeletal pain and associated disability. Also important are adverse beliefs about the prognosis of such disorders, and about the role of physical activity in their development and persistence...
June 2015: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26386619/symptom-attribution-and-symptom-reporting-in-australian-gulf-war-veterans
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Breanna K Wright, Alexander C McFarlane, David M Clarke, Malcolm R Sim, Helen L Kelsall
OBJECTIVE: To better understand the consistent elevated symptom reporting by Gulf War veterans; we compared Australian Gulf War veterans and military-comparison group on symptom attributional styles and the relationship with total number and grouping of somatic and psychological symptoms. METHOD: Postal questionnaires were completed by Australian Gulf War veterans (n=697) and military-comparison group (n=659) in 2000-2002 and 2011-2012. Data were collected on deployments, military-psychological stressors, symptom reporting, symptom factors and attributional style (normalising, psychologising, somatising, mixed-attribution)...
December 2015: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26253293/somatisation-as-a-risk-factor-for-incident-depression-and-anxiety
#8
Sandra M A Dijkstra-Kersten, Kate Sitnikova, Harm W J van Marwijk, Marloes M J G Gerrits, Johannes C van der Wouden, Brenda W J H Penninx, Henriëtte E van der Horst, Stephanie S Leone
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to examine somatisation as a risk factor for the onset of depressive and anxiety disorders. METHODS: 4-year follow-up data from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA), a multisite cohort study of the course of depression and anxiety, was analysed. Participants (18-65 years) without a lifetime depressive or anxiety disorder at baseline were included (n=611). Somatisation was measured at baseline with the somatisation subscale of the 4 Dimensional Symptoms Questionnaire...
December 2015: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26028549/psychiatric-disturbances-in-radiologically-isolated-syndrome
#9
MULTICENTER STUDY
Andrés Labiano-Fontcuberta, Yolanda Aladro, M Luisa Martínez-Ginés, Lucía Ayuso, Alex J Mitchell, Verónica Puertas, Marta Cerezo, Yolanda Higueras, Julián Benito-León
BACKGROUND: Radiologically isolated syndrome (RIS) is characterized by incidental lesions suggestive of multiple sclerosis (MS) on MRI without typical symptoms of MS. Clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) is characterized by a first episode of neurologic symptoms caused by demyelination in the central nervous system. To date, psychiatric disorders have not been systematically addressed in RIS subjects. We assessed emotional disturbances, personality features and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a cohort of RIS patients as compared with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS)...
September 2015: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25866530/the-relationship-between-depression-anxiety-somatization-personality-and-symptoms-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-suggestive-of-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#10
Jun Sung Koh, Hyo Jung Ko, Sheng-Min Wang, Kang Joon Cho, Joon Chul Kim, Soo-Jung Lee, Chi-Un Pae
This study investigated the relationship of personality, depression, somatization, anxiety with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia (LUTS/BPH). The LUTS/BPH patients were evaluated with the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), 44-item Big Five Inventory (BFI), the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), the PHQ-15, and 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7). The LUTS/BPH symptoms were more severe in patients with depression (p=0.046) and somatization (p=0...
April 2015: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25832511/dimensional-psychopharmacology-in-somatising-patients
#11
REVIEW
Massimo Biondi, Massimo Pasquini
Despite the recent DSM-5 review of somatoform disorders, which are now called somatic symptom and related disorders, the categorical definitions of these syndromes have inherent limitations because their causal mechanism or presumed aetiologies are still unknown. These limitations may affect everyday clinical practice and decision-making abilities. As a result, physicians have limited information at their disposal to treat these patients. Furthermore, the clinical presentations of somatic disorders may vary a lot...
2015: Advances in Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25586008/irritable-bowel-syndrome-is-significantly-associated-with-somatisation-in-840-patients-which-may-drive-bloating
#12
P Patel, P Bercik, D G Morgan, C Bolino, M I Pintos-Sanchez, P Moayyedi, A C Ford
BACKGROUND: Psychological factors may influence persistence and perceived severity of symptoms in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Literature suggests that somatisation is associated with IBS. However, the relationship between IBS subtype, symptoms of IBS and somatisation is unclear. AIM: To examine this issue in a large cohort of secondary care patients. METHODS: Demographic and gastrointestinal (GI) symptom data were collected from 4224 adult patients via the Rome III questionnaire...
March 2015: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25501452/-subjective-memory-complaints-in-young-adults-the-influence-of-the-emotional-state
#13
Olga Pellicer-Porcar, Marcos Mirete-Fructuoso, Sergio Molina-Rodríguez, Johnathan Soto-Amaya
INTRODUCTION. Many young people today display memory complaints that are not linked to their real cognitive performance. A number of studies have sought to identify the factors involved in this problem, such as anxious-depressive symptoms, the variables of anxiety traditionally being measured as somatic or cognitive manifestations with an activation that is unspecific or not linked to any particular stimulus. AIMS. To perform an exploratory analysis to determine the role played by symptoms of depression and of various subtypes of specific and unspecific anxiety in memory complaints in young adults...
December 16, 2014: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25462674/pesticide-exposure-and-screen-positive-neuropsychiatric-disease-in-british-sheep-farmers
#14
Andrew C Povey, Roseanne McNamee, Haytham Alhamwi, S Jill Stocks, Gillian Watkins, Alistair Burns, Raymond Agius
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological evidence linking low dose pesticide exposure and chronic ill-health in UK sheep farmers is limited. Our aim was to examine whether neuropsychiatric disorders were associated with low dose chronic and/or more acute pesticide exposure in sheep farmers. METHODS: A cohort of British farmers working in the 1970s was sent a screening questionnaire which asked about their health and work history. The prevalence of screen-positive depression, dementia, Parkinsonism and neuropathy was determined using a priori algorithms...
November 2014: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25462408/how-does-the-icd-10-symptom-rating-isr-with-four-items-assess-depression-compared-to-the-bdi-ii-a-validation-study
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Wolfram A Brandt, Thomas Loew, Friedrich von Heymann, Godehard Stadtmüller, Michael Tischinger, Frederik Strom, Judith Molfenter, Alexander Georgi, Karin Tritt
OBJECTIVE: The "ICD-10 Symptom-Rating" (ISR) is a novel 29-item self-rating questionnaire with scales for the assessment of depression, anxiety, OCD, somatisation and eating disorders and additional items. This study aims at the validation of the depression subscale. METHODS: Based on a sample of 1844 depressed inpatients, the ISR was correlated with the Beck-Depression-Inventory-II (BDI-II). To estimate the sensitivity to change, the effect sizes were also calculated...
March 1, 2015: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25379990/pharmacological-interventions-for-somatoform-disorders-in-adults
#16
REVIEW
Maria Kleinstäuber, Michael Witthöft, Andrés Steffanowski, Harm van Marwijk, Wolfgang Hiller, Michael J Lambert
BACKGROUND: Somatoform disorders are characterised by chronic, medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS). Although different medications are part of treatment routines for people with somatoform disorders in clinics and private practices, there exists no systematic review or meta-analysis on the efficacy and tolerability of these medications. We aimed to synthesise to improve optimal treatment decisions. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of pharmacological interventions for somatoform disorders (specifically somatisation disorder, undifferentiated somatoform disorder, somatoform autonomic dysfunction, and pain disorder) in adults...
2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25289144/witnessing-images-of-extreme-violence-a-psychological-study-of-journalists-in-the-newsroom
#17
Anthony Feinstein, Blair Audet, Elizabeth Waknine
OBJECTIVE: User Generated Content - photos and videos submitted to newsrooms by the public - has become a prominent source of information for news organisations. Journalists working with uncensored material can frequently witness disturbing images for prolonged periods. How this might affect their psychological health is not known and it is the focus of this study. DESIGN: Descriptive, exploratory. SETTING: The newsrooms of three international news organisations...
August 2014: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25021653/pwe-160%C3%A2-the-joint-hypermobility-syndrome-is-associated-with-functional-dyspepsia-and-reflux-and-identifies-a-subgroup-with-somatisation-chronic-pain-and-worse-quality-of-life
#18
A Fikree, R Aktar, A Farmer, R Grahame, C Knowles, Q Aziz
INTRODUCTION: The Joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS) is a non-inflammatory connective tissue disorder with a prevalence of 20%. It is characterised by joint hypermobility,chronic pain, fibromyalgia (FM) and dysautonomia. Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms e.g., dyspepsia, reflux, bloating and constipation are present in up to 80% of affected individuals. Small studies suggest that FGID are common in these patients yet no controlled studies have systematically investigated if JHS is associated with particular GI diagnoses nor explored the effect of JHS on non-GI symptom presentation and quality of life (QOL)...
June 2014: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24643828/-dsm-5-from-somatoform-disorders-to-somatic-symptom-and-related-disorders
#19
REVIEW
C M van der Feltz-Cornelis, B van Houdenhove
BACKGROUND: The DSM-IV somatoform disorder category was controversial and has undergone major changes in DSM-5. AIM: To provide a critical description of DSM-5 somatic symptoms and related disorders (SSD). METHOD: To review the new classification system for somatic symptom and related disorders (SSD) as set out in DSM-5 RESULTS: Whereas the symptoms of somatoform disorder were always considered to be medically unexplained, in DSM-5 the symptoms of somatic symptom disorder can now sometimes be explained by a medical condition...
2014: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24471930/the-impact-of-depression-and-somatic-symptoms-on-treatment-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-a-preliminary-study-in-a-naturalistic-treatment-setting
#20
J S Koh, H J Ko, S-M Wang, K J Cho, J C Kim, S-J Lee, C-U Pae
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of depression and somatic symptoms on treatment outcomes in Korean male patients with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) attending a routine clinical practice. METHODS: This was a 12-week prospective observational study (n = 80). The Korean version of the National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) to measure the severity of CP/CPPS, the Korean version of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) to assess depression, the Korean version of the Patient Health Questionnaire-15 (PHQ-15) to evaluate somatisation and the Korean version of the EuroQol Questionnaire-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D), specifically the EQ-5D utility index and the EQ-5D visual analogue scale (EQ-5D VAS), to assess quality of life, were utilised and given at baseline and week 12...
April 2014: International Journal of Clinical Practice
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