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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141734/transition-from-education-to-practice-for-new-nursing-graduates-a-literature-review
#1
Bobbi Shatto, Lauren M Lutz
New nurse turnover costs organizations in the United States an estimated $1.4 billion to $2.9 billion per year (Meyer, Shatto, Delicath, & von der Lancken, 2017; Ulrich et al., 2010). Retention of graduate nurses can decrease costs, combat nursing shortages, and improve patient outcomes. Despite the increase in prevalence of nurse residency programs, new nurses are leaving their first positions at alarming rates. The purpose of this literature review is to examine the factors that affect graduate nurse transition to practice...
November 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140917/medical-trainees-experiences-of-treating-people-with-chronic-pain-a-lost-opportunity-for-medical-education
#2
Kathleen Rice, Jae Eun Ryu, Cynthia Whitehead, Joel Katz, Fiona Webster
PURPOSE: Evidence suggests that physicians' opinions about chronic pain patients become progressively negative over the course of medical training, leading to a decline in empathy for these patients. Few qualitative studies have focused on this issue and thus the experiences shaping this process remain unexplored. This study addressed how medical trainees learn about chronic pain management through informal and formal curricula. METHOD: This study adopted a descriptive qualitative interview-based approach informed by the theoretical lens of the hidden curriculum...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130491/teaching-learning-tips-2-cognitive-load-theory
#3
Jasmine Rana, Susan Burgin
Challenge: Dermatology trainees include medical students, residents, and fellows. Variability in level of experience and background knowledge can make clinical teaching challenging. Research also shows novices have different ways of thinking than experts, which must be acknowledged in the preceptor-trainee interaction for optimal teaching and learning to occur. Herein we explore how "cognitive load" varies with learner level and how reducing cognitive load can enhance learning, especially for novice learners...
December 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127896/student-and-preceptor-perceptions-of-primary-health-care-clinical-placements-during-pre-service-education-qualitative-results-from-a-quasi-experimental-study
#4
Semakaleng H Phafoli, Alice Christensen-Majid, Laura Skolnik, Stephanie Reinhardt, Isabel Nyangu, Madeleine Whalen, Stacie C Stender
As a practice discipline, nursing education has a mandate to collaborate with all clinical settings, including primary health care (PHC), to prepare nursing students to function effectively in different settings upon deployment. Prior to 2011, nursing and midwifery students received minimal exposure to PHC settings in Lesotho. In 2010, the Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program began working with nurses' training institutions to support PHC clinical placements. Between April 2013 and June 2014, a multi-methods study was conducted to describe the effect of PHC placements on students and preceptors...
October 19, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126058/empowering-clinical-supervisors-to-flourish-though-critical-companionship
#5
Maria Mackay, Moira Stephens, Siobhan Wragg, Saskia Ebejer, Sharon Bourgeois
Education for professional nursing practice has undergone a significant shift over the last few decades impacting nursing practice and the relationship between nurses. Enhancing professional practice and acting as a conduit for empowering nurses to be active participants in their learning and development is Practice Development. This action research project with philosophical premises of critical companionship and human flourishing aimed to develop the knowledge and skills of registered nurses in their ability to provide clinical supervision of nursing students in practice...
October 22, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111089/benefits-barriers-and-motivators-to-training-dietetic-interns-in-clinical-settings-a-comparison-between-preceptors-and-nonpreceptors
#6
Rayane AbuSabha, Colette Muller, Jacqueline MacLasco, Mary George, Erica Houghton, Alison Helm
BACKGROUND: The shortage of supervised practice sites in dietetics is associated with fewer numbers of preceptors available to supervise interns, especially in the clinical setting. OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical dietitians' perceived benefits and challenges of training dietetic interns and to determine key motivators that would entice nonpreceptors to volunteer for the role. DESIGN: Registered dietitian nutritionists working in clinical settings completed a semi-structured, audiotaped interview followed by a brief questionnaire...
October 27, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099321/clinical-reasoning-by-veterinary-students-in-the-first-opinion-setting-is-it-encouraged-is-it-practiced
#7
Karen R Humm, Stephen A May
A mixed-methods study was performed to investigate the perceived importance and efficacy of teaching clinical reasoning (CR) skills among students and faculty in a university first-opinion veterinary practice, as this has not previously been described. Qualitative analysis of interview data, discussing objectives and factors considered important for effective learning and the understanding of CR, was performed alongside quantitative analysis of the Preceptor Thinking-Promotion Scale (PTPS) and the Learner Thinking-Behavior Scale (LTBS) (assessing the level of CR encouraged by clinicians and displayed by students) in peri-consultation discussions...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096118/factors-associated-with-the-teaching-of-sleep-hygiene-to-patients-in-nursing-students
#8
Chiung-Yu Huang, Hui-Yen Liao, En-Ting Chang, Hui-Ling Lai
Teaching patients about sleep hygiene is a common practice in nursing. This study investigated the relationships of nursing students' sleep quality, sleep knowledge, and attitudes toward sleep hygiene with the teaching of sleep hygiene to patients with sleep disorders. A descriptive correlational design was adopted to investigate 258 nursing students from 2 nursing schools in different regions of Taiwan. A series of self-developed and standardized questionnaires was used to collect data. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify the predictors of nursing students' teaching patients about sleep hygiene...
October 26, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095216/cognitive-apprenticeship-during-preceptorship
#9
Betty A Key, Vivian H Wright
This study investigated whether implementation of an instructional strategy during hospital orientation preceptorship of newly graduated nurses would impact their confidence and ease of transition. Findings revealed an increase in confidence of newly graduated nurses after implementation of cognitive apprenticeship principles. The findings suggest that it can be beneficial to teaching cognitive apprenticeship principles to preceptors for use during preceptorship.
November 2017: Journal for Nurses in Professional Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083458/key-elements-to-developing-a-preceptor-program
#10
Denise Duffy Nash, Monica Flowers
BACKGROUND: With competition from so many nursing programs seeking clinical sites and numerous nurses entering the health care industry, it is imperative to have a nurse preceptor program in health care institutions. METHOD: This article attempts to identify the essential components of a preceptor program by reviewing the literature, surveying RNs to identify curriculum, and suggesting an evidence-based preceptor program of value. RESULTS: Although there is much in the published literature and books about preceptors' roles and responsibilities, few references are available about how to start a preceptor program and program components...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083456/preceptor-knowledge-on-preceptorship-in-an-academic-hospital-in-kenya
#11
Emily Muthoni Nyaga, O'Brien Munyao Kyololo
BACKGROUND: Clinical preceptorship is critical for the acquisition of knowledge, skills, and attitudes in nursing care. Cardinal to the development of these competences is the preceptor's knowledge on preceptorship. In low-income countries, the responsibility of preceptorship rests with staff nurses whose knowledge on preceptorship is largely unknown. METHOD: A survey was conducted among 254 nurses using a 3-point Likert scale questionnaire. Mean scale scores were computed for knowledge score...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080434/potential-and-challenges-for-learning-during-acute-medical-surgical-placement-for-intellectual-disability-mental-health-and-midwifery-students
#12
Jane Mc Carthy, Margaret M Graham, Dympna Tuohy, Brid O'Brien, Anne Fahy, Therese Hennessy, Deirdre O'Sullivan, Kathleen Markey
In Ireland nursing and midwifery degree programmes involve four pathways to registration. Three of which, intellectual disability and mental health nursing and midwifery require students to undertake acute medical/surgical placements offering learning opportunities caring for patients with complex needs in settings beyond their core discipline. This paper focuses on findings from a descriptive qualitative study exploring intellectual disability and mental health nursing and midwifery students experiences of such placements...
October 18, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078107/attributes-of-iranian-new-nurse-preceptors-a-phenomenological-study
#13
Leili Borimnejad, Sousan Valizadeh, Azad Rahmani, Bill Whitehead, Shahla Shahbazi
Preceptors should possess attributes which help them in successfully performing the demanding and challenging role in the preceptorship. This research utilises a qualitative hermeneutic phenomenological approach to explore the attributes of new nurse preceptors. Six preceptors of a teaching hospital in Northwest of Iran who were selected by means of purposive sampling. Data were collected during eight months from July 2014 to March 2015 through in-depth semi-structured personal interviews. Interviews were recorded and transcribed and then were analyzed with the interpretive approach using the Diekelmann's seven-stage method in the MAXQDA10 software environment...
October 17, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076858/promoting-nursing-students-ethical-development-in-the-clinical-setting
#14
Linda Koharchik, Eric Vogelstein, Mark Crider, Jessica Devido, Manjulata Evatt
This article is one in a series on the roles of adjunct clinical faculty and preceptors, who teach nursing students and new graduates to apply knowledge in clinical settings. In this article, the author discusses how nursing instructors influence the ethical development of students in the clinical setting.
November 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076606/preceptors-perceptions-of-the-elements-of-a-successful-and-an-unsuccessful-orientation-period-for-newly-graduated-nurses
#15
Kirsi Lindfors, Riitta Meretoja, Marja Kaunonen, Eija Paavilainen
AIM: To identify existing orientation patterns and to find elements that may enhance or impede successful orientation of newly graduated nurses. BACKGROUND: Preceptors have first-hand information concerning orientation and their opinions should not be forgotten when organisations develop their orientation processes. METHOD: An open-ended questionnaire was undertaken to collect data from preceptors (n = 172) about the current orientation patterns...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065024/learning-from-patients-why-continuity-matters
#16
Sevinj Asgarova, Mark MacKenzie, Joanna Bates
PURPOSE: Patient continuity, described as the student participating in the provision of comprehensive care of patients over time, may offer particular opportunities for student learning. The aim of this study was to describe how students experience patient continuity and what they learn from it. METHOD: An interpretive phenomenological study was conducted between 2015 and 2016. Seventeen fourth-year medical students were interviewed following a longitudinal clinical placement and asked to describe their experiences of patient continuity and what they learned from each experience...
November 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058567/an-interprofessional-objective-structured-teaching-experience-ioste-an-interprofessional-preceptor-professional-development-activity
#17
Sarah Shrader, Jana Zaudke, Stephen Jernigan
There has been a recent shift to develop and implement interprofessional education for learners during their "clinical" years. With this shift comes a specific need to develop preceptors in the area of interprofessional precepting. The interprofessional objective structured teaching experience (iOSTE) is one method for developing preceptors. The iOSTE was developed from experience with an interprofessional teaching clinic. Full and short versions of the iOSTE were implemented across multiple universities. The iOSTE gives preceptors an opportunity to gain experience with key skills associated with precepting interprofessional learners in clinical settings...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045990/electronic-health-record-impacts-on-family-medicine-teachers-survey-of-third-year-medical-student-clerkship-preceptors-at-an-academic-medical-center
#18
Elizabeth Curry, Tamara K Oser, Sean M Oser
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Electronic Health Record (EHR) use in clinical practice has accelerated in recent years. While several aspects of EHR use have been extensively studied, there is little data on EHR impacts on medical student educators, especially those involved in outpatient family medicine. This study evaluated perceived impacts of EHR use on clinician teachers of outpatient family medicine. METHODS: The study used a mixed methods survey of clinicians who teach third-year medical students during the required family and community medicine outpatient clerkship at a Mid-Atlantic medical school...
October 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045989/human-papillomavirus-vaccination-training-experience-among-family-medicine-residents-and-faculty
#19
Monica L Kasting, Courtney L Scherr, Karla N Ali, Paige Lake, Teri L Malo, Tracy Johns, Richard G Roetzheim, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Susan T Vadaparampil
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Residency training is a pivotal time to establish skills for career-long practices, particularly for challenging skills such as human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine recommendation. Training experience and preferences related to delivering HPV vaccine recommendations were examined for family medicine (FM) residents and faculty. METHODS: Residents (n=28) and faculty (n=19) were identified through a national FM residency directory and recruited from training programs in Florida...
October 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029666/exercising-with-veterans-how-social-interaction-with-a-pharmacy-student-improves-patient-care
#20
Genna Holder, Brent Salvig
With the baby boomer population anticipated to explode between 2010 and 2030, it is essential that student pharmacists learn how to properly care for older patients. One way for pharmacy students to prepare for providing health care to the elderly is to partake in an Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) elective course in geriatrics. Pharmacy students, and health care professionals in general, have an immense amount of information available to them that is not found in a patient's chart or textbook, but can be uncovered through increased social interaction with patients, promoting the best possible care...
August 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
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