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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549583/taste-sensitivity-to-sucrose-is-lower-in-outbred-sprague-dawley-phenotypic-obesity-prone-rats-than-obesity-resistant-rats
#1
Huiling Sun, Junbao Yan, Bo Sun, Lin Song, Jianqun Yan
The purpose of the present study was to better understand the role of sweet taste perception in dietary behavior and body weight in outbred Sprague-Dawley phenotypic obesity prone and obesity resistant rats by measuring sucrose taste sensitivity using a conditioned taste aversion paradigm. Rats were given a high fat diet for 2 weeks and were assigned as obesity-prone (P, upper tertile) or obesity-resistant (R, lower tertile) based on weight gain. Each group were then given either chow (C, 10% fat) or the high fat diet (F, 46% fat) for the remainder of the experiment (∼18 weeks) such that there were four groups - obesity prone on chow (C-P), obesity prone on high fat (H-P), obesity resistant on chow (C-R), obesity resistant on high fat (H-R)...
May 23, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538841/-nutritional-traffic-light-system-for-processed-foods-qualitative-study-of-awareness-understanding-attitudes-and-practices-in-ecuador
#2
Wilma B Freire, William F Waters, Gabriela Rivas-Mariño
Objectives.: To analyze awareness, understanding, attitudes, and practices related to the nutritional traffic light system (NTLS) on processed food packaging in Ecuador. Materials and methods.: 21 discussions were held in focus groups (FG) in populations of various sizes in the coastal, mountainous, and eastern regions. Nine interviews were conducted with key informants (KI) representing large, medium, and small enterprises producing or selling processed foods. Results...
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500692/toll-like-receptor-4-mediates-fat-sugar-and-umami-taste-preference-and-food-intake-and-body-weight-regulation
#3
Simonetta Camandola, Mark P Mattson
OBJECTIVE: Immune and inflammatory pathways play important roles in the pathogenesis of metabolic disorders. This study investigated the role of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in orosensory detection of dietary lipids and sugars. METHODS: Taste preferences of TLR4 knockout (KO) and wild-type (WT) male mice under a standard and a high-fat, high-sugar diet were assessed with two-bottle tests. Gene expression of taste signaling molecules was analyzed in the tongue epithelium...
May 12, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487220/variant-in-a-common-odorant-binding-protein-gene-is-associated-with-bitter-sensitivity-in-people
#4
Iole Tomassini Barbarossa, M Hakan Ozdener, Melania, Latisha Love-Gregory, Makedonka Mitreva, Nada A Abumrad, M Yanina Pepino
Deeper understanding of signaling mechanisms underlying bitterness perception in people is essential for designing novel and effective bitter blockers, which could enhance nutrition and compliance with orally administered bitter-tasting drugs. Here we show that variability in a human odorant-binding protein gene, OBPIIa, associates with individual differences in bitterness perception of fat (oleic acid) and of a prototypical bitter stimulus, 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP), suggesting a novel olfactory role in the modulation of bitterness sensitivity...
May 6, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465539/participants-with-normal-weight-or-with-obesity-show-different-relationships-of-6-n-propylthiouracil-prop-taster-status-with-bmi-and-plasma-endocannabinoids
#5
Gianfranca Carta, Melania Melis, Stefano Pintus, Paolo Pintus, Carla A Piras, Laura Muredda, Daniela Demurtas, Vincenzo Di Marzo, Sebastiano Banni, Iole Tomassini Barbarossa
Reduced taste sensitivity to 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP), a genetic trait regarded as a general index for oral chemosensory perception, has been associated with a calorie-rich food preference and lower circulating endocannabinoid levels in participants with normal weight (NW), which suggests an adaptive mechanism to maintain a lean phenotype. In this study, we assessed whether participants with obesity (OB) show different patterns of plasma endocannabinoids and lipid metabolism biomarkers from those of NW, with further categorization based on their PROP sensitivity...
May 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460982/nutritional-and-chemical-properties-of-fermented-food-of-wild-and-cultivated-genotypes-of-enset-ensete-ventricosum
#6
Abraham Bosha, Abitew Lagibo Dalbato, Tamado Tana, Wassu Mohammed, Buzayew Tesfaye, Laila M Karlsson
The multipurpose crop enset (Ensete ventricosum) has been traditionally cultivated in Ethiopia since ancient times. The main food product is the starch-rich fermented kocho made from the pseudostem and corm. There are many vegetatively propagated landraces utilised by farmers, but no concisions breeding have taken place, and there are requests for improved cultivars. There are also populations of wild ensets which propagate sexually, and the variation in characteristics among the wild is not studied. We suggest investigating the variation among the wild, in order utilise the most proper combinations of parent plants when breeding for different purposes...
November 2016: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425579/myringoplasty-outcomes-from-the-swedish-national-quality-registry
#7
Malin Berglund, Rut Florentzson, Mattias Fransson, Malou Hultcrantz, Per O Eriksson, Erling Englund, Eva Westman
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Data from patients registered for myringoplasty during 2002 to 2012 in the Swedish National Quality Registry for Myringoplasty. STUDY DESIGN: Both conventional myringoplasty and fat-graft techniques were used aimed at healing the tympanic membrane in noninfected ears. METHODS: Analysis was performed on data in a national database collected from 32 ear, nose, and throat clinics. Surgical procedures and outcomes, and patient satisfaction from a questionnaire were studied...
April 20, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423504/variations-in-the-bitterness-perception-related-genes-tas2r38-and-ca6-modify-the-risk-for-colorectal-cancer-in-koreans
#8
Jeong-Hwa Choi, Jeonghee Lee, Jae Hwan Oh, Hee Jin Chang, Dae Kyung Sohn, Aesun Shin, Jeongseon Kim
Bitterness perception is known to be an important factor in individuals' dietary behaviors and is also associated with the sensing of nutritious/noxious molecules for subsequent metabolic responses in multiple organs. Therefore, the genetic variation in bitterness sensing may be associated with diet-related diseases, including colorectal cancer (CRC). We investigated the influence of variations in the bitterness-sensing genes taste receptor type 2 member 38 (TAS2R38) and carbonic anhydrase 6 (CA6) on the consumption of food, tobacco and alcohol and the risk of CRC in Koreans...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414258/postchill-antimicrobial-treatments-to-control-salmonella-listeria-and-campylobacter-contamination-on-chicken-skin-used-in-ground-chicken
#9
Suejee Park, Mark A Harrison, Mark E Berrang
Ground poultry products are frequently contaminated with foodborne pathogens. With the potential for increased regulatory scrutiny, it is important to use sufficient intervention strategies to control pathogen levels effectively. A large proportion of the bacteria introduced to ground chicken are likely to come from broiler skin, which is added to achieve target fat content and maintain product texture and taste. In this research, antimicrobials, including 50 ppm of chlorine and 1,200 ppm of peracetic acid (PAA), were applied in a postchill system to reduce the number of Salmonella Typhimurium, Listeria monocytogenes , and Campylobacter coli inoculated on chicken skin used to formulate ground chicken...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403529/new-hydrocolloid-based-emulsions-for-replacing-fat-in-panna-cottas-a-structural-and-sensory-study
#10
Jennifer Borreani, Isabel Hernando, Ana Salvador, Amparo Quiles
BACKGROUND: Dairy desserts are popular traditional products but because of their high calorie or fat content, they can be unsuitable for people who have certain dietary requirements. The aim of this study was to design panna cottas with similar organoleptic and textural properties to the traditional ones but with a lower fat content, by replacing part of the cream with new emulsions prepared with hydrocolloids (cellulose ethers), namely methylcellulose (MC) and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC)...
April 12, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400840/comparative-evaluation-of-sulfur-compounds-contents-and-antiobesity-properties-of-allium-hookeri-prepared-by-different-drying-methods
#11
Min Hye Yang, Na-Hyun Kim, Jeong-Doo Heo, Jung-Rae Rho, Kwang Ju Ock, Eui-Cheol Shin, Eun Ju Jeong
Despite the nutritional and medicinal values of Allium hookeri, its unique flavor (onion or garlic taste and smell) coming from sulfur containing compounds limits its usage as functional food. For comparative study, A. hookeri roots were prepared under two different drying conditions, namely, low-temperature drying that minimizes the volatilization of sulfur components and hot-air drying that minimizes the garlic odor and spicy taste of A. hookeri. In GC/MS olfactory system, the odorous chemicals and organosulfur compounds such as diallyl trisulfide, dimethyl trisulfide, and dipropyl trisulfide were significantly decreased in hot-air drying compared to low-temperature drying...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398946/high-intensity-interval-training-appetite-and-reward-value-of-food-in-the-obese
#12
Catia Martins, Irina Aschehoug, Marit Ludviksen, Jens Holst, Graham Finlayson, Ulrik Wisloff, Linda Morgan, Neil King, Bård Kulseng
PURPOSE: Studies on the impact of chronic interval training on appetite in the obese population are scarce. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of 12 weeks of isocaloric programs of moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) or high-intensity interval training (HIIT), or a short-duration HIIT (1/2HIIT), on subjective feelings of appetite, appetite-related hormones and reward value of food in sedentary obese individuals. METHODS: Forty-six sedentary obese individuals (30 women and 16 men), with a BMI of 33...
April 11, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372849/effect-of-oral-protein-hydrolysate-on-glucose-control-in-patients-with-gestational-diabetes
#13
Langeza Saleh, Nicole L Schrier, Maaike J Bruins, Eric A P Steegers, Anton H van den Meiracker, Willy Visser
BACKGROUND & AIMS: In type 2 diabetic patients, a casein-based protein hydrolysate has been shown to increase plasma insulin and to lower plasma glucose. In the present study, we examined the acute and prolonged effects of protein hydrolysate on postprandial glucose, insulin and C-peptide responses after a standardised breakfast and the effect on daily glucose control in patients with gestational diabetes. METHODS: In a single-centre randomised double blind placebo controlled design, patients with mild gestational diabetes (no use of insulin or oral antidiabetic agents; n = 26/group) were allocated to receive a protein hydrolysate drink, 8...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370265/zizyphin-modulates-calcium-signalling-in-human-taste-bud-cells-and-fat-taste-perception-in-the-mouse
#14
Babar Murtaza, Meryem Berrichi, Chahid Bennamar, Thierry Tordjmann, Fatima Z Djeziri, Aziz Hichami, Julia Leemput, Meriem Belarbi, Hakan Ozdener, Naim A Khan
Zizyphin, isolated from Zizyphus sps. leaf extracts, has been shown to modulate sugar taste perception, and the palatability of a sweet solution is increased by the addition of fatty acids. We, therefore, studied whether zizyphin also modulates fat taste perception. Zizyphin was purified from edible fruit of Zizyphus lotus L. Zizyphin-induced increases in [Ca(2+) ]i in human taste bud cells (hTBC). Zizyphin shared the endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) pool and also recruited, in part, Ca(2+) from extracellular environment via the opening of store-operated Ca(2+) channels...
April 2, 2017: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361903/steviol-glycosides-enhance-pancreatic-beta-cell-function-and-taste-sensation-by-potentiation-of-trpm5-channel-activity
#15
Koenraad Philippaert, Andy Pironet, Margot Mesuere, William Sones, Laura Vermeiren, Sara Kerselaers, Sílvia Pinto, Andrei Segal, Nancy Antoine, Conny Gysemans, Jos Laureys, Katleen Lemaire, Patrick Gilon, Eva Cuypers, Jan Tytgat, Chantal Mathieu, Frans Schuit, Patrik Rorsman, Karel Talavera, Thomas Voets, Rudi Vennekens
Steviol glycosides (SGs), such as stevioside and rebaudioside A, are natural, non-caloric sweet-tasting organic molecules, present in extracts of the scrub plant Stevia rebaudiana, which are widely used as sweeteners in consumer foods and beverages. TRPM5 is a Ca(2+)-activated cation channel expressed in type II taste receptor cells and pancreatic β-cells. Here we show that stevioside, rebaudioside A and their aglycon steviol potentiate the activity of TRPM5. We find that SGs potentiate perception of bitter, sweet and umami taste, and enhance glucose-induced insulin secretion in a Trpm5-dependent manner...
March 31, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346563/delivery-of-nutritious-meals-to-elderly-receiving-home-care-feasibility-and-effectiveness
#16
K F M Denissen, L M J Janssen, S J P M Eussen, M C J M van Dongen, N E G Wijckmans, N D M van Deurse, P C Dagnelie
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Elderly with functional disabilities are at increased risk of inadequate dietary intake. Little is known about the effectiveness of interventions aimed at improving their dietary intake and nutritional status, nor about the determinants of successful implementation. We performed a feasibility study to evaluate the implementation and effectiveness of a home delivery service providing nutritious meals. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental, with participants allocated to treatment group based on municipality of residence...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303381/differences-in-dietary-intake-during-chemotherapy-in-breast-cancer-patients-compared-to-women-without-cancer
#17
Y C de Vries, M M G A van den Berg, J H M de Vries, S Boesveldt, J Th C M de Kruif, N Buist, A Haringhuizen, M Los, D W Sommeijer, J H N Timmer-Bonte, H W M van Laarhoven, M Visser, E Kampman, R M Winkels
PURPOSE: Breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy often experience symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite that potentially affect dietary habits. This study assessed the intake of energy, macronutrients and food groups before and during chemotherapy in breast cancer patients compared with women without cancer, and determined the association between symptoms and energy and macronutrient intake. METHODS: This study included 117 newly diagnosed breast cancer patients scheduled for chemotherapy and 88 women without cancer...
March 16, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294082/genetics-of-fat-intake-in-the-determination-of-body-mass
#18
Agata Chmurzynska, Monika A Mlodzik
Body mass and fat intake are multifactorial traits that have genetic and environmental components. The gene with the greatest effect on body mass is FTO (fat mass and obesity-associated), but several studies have shown that the effect of FTO (and of other genes) on body mass can be modified by the intake of nutrients. The so-called gene-environment interactions may also be important for the effectiveness of weight-loss strategies. Food choices, and thus fat intake, depend to some extent on individual preferences...
March 15, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265363/comparison-of-proximate-composition-and-sensory-attributes-of-clariid-catfish-species-of-clarias-gariepinus-heterobranchus-bidorsalis-and-their-hybrids
#19
Wasiu A Olaniyi, Olukayode A Makinde, Ofelia G Omitogun
Clariid catfish are favorite food fish especially in African and Asian continents. Recently there has been preference for particular species or hybrids of these species based on quality assurance and value addition. Consequently, this study aimed to evaluate the possible effect of different catfish species and their hybrids on proximate composition and sensory attributes. Catfish species, Clarias gariepinus (CC), Heterobranchus bidorsalis (HH), with their hybrid (CH), and reciprocal hybrid (HC) were evaluated for sensory variables - cognitive (sweet, salty, sour, bitter, and recent characteristic taste 'umami') and qualitative (texture, aroma, flavor, and color) tests; and nutritional variables - proximate composition (moisture, protein, ether/fat, and ash)...
March 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257495/correction-an-increase-in-visceral-fat-is-associated-with-a-decrease-in-the-taste-and-olfactory-capacity
#20
Jose Carlos Fernandez-Garcia, Juan Alcaide, Concepcion Santiago-Fernandez, M M Roca-Rodriguez, Zaida Aguera, Rosa Baños, Cristina Botella, Rafael de la Torre, Jose M Fernandez-Real, Gema Fruhbeck, Javier Gomez-Ambrosi, Susana Jimenez-Murcia, Jose M Menchon, Felipe F Casanueva, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Francisco J Tinahones, Lourdes Garrido-Sanchez
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0171204.].
2017: PloS One
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