keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Fat taste

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729703/the-basal-free-fatty-acid-concentration-in-human-saliva-is-related-to-salivary-lipolytic-activity
#1
Eric Neyraud, Stéphanie Cabaret, Hélène Brignot, Claire Chabanet, Hélène Labouré, Elisabeth Guichard, Olivier Berdeaux
Fat perception during eating is a complex sensation that involves various sensory modalities, such as texture, aroma and taste. Taste is supported by the discovery of fatty acid receptors in the tongue papillae. Dietary fat is mainly composed of esterified fatty acids, whereas only free fatty acids can bind to taste receptors. Some authors have mentioned the necessity and efficiency of salivary lipolytic activity to hydrolyse the esterified fatty acids present in foods and enable fat perception. Our hypothesis is that salivary lipolytic activity is also involved in regulating the basal level of salivary fatty acids in humans...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726767/fat-taste-sensitivity-is-associated-with-short-term-and-habitual-fat-intake
#2
Andrew Costanzo, Liliana Orellana, Caryl Nowson, Konsta Duesing, Russell Keast
Evidence suggests individuals less sensitive to fat taste (high fat taste thresholds (FTT)) may be overweight or obese and consume greater amounts of dietary fat than more sensitive individuals. The aims of this study were to assess associations between FTT, anthropometric measurements, fat intake, and liking of fatty foods. FTT was assessed in 69 Australian females (mean age 41.3 (15.6) (SD) years and mean body mass index 26.3 (5.7) kg/m²) by a 3-alternate forced choice methodology and transformed to an ordinal scale (FT rank)...
July 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720954/effect-of-partial-substitution-of-gluten-free-flour-mixtures-with-chia-salvia-hispanica-l-flour-on-quality-of-gluten-free-noodles
#3
Hacer Levent
In this study, chia seed flour (CSF) was used in gluten-free noodle formulation at different levels (0, 10, 20 and 30%, w/w) with and without diacetyl tartaric esters of mono (and di) glycerides (DATEM). Chemical, nutritional, sensory properties and cooking quality of gluten-free noodle samples were investigated. Protein, fat, antioxidant activity and total phenolic content of gluten-free noodles increased by 1.7, 5.5, 2.6 and 2.0 times at 30% usage level of CSF as compared to control sample. Phytic acid and phytate phosphorus content increased from 168...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715374/in-vivo-evaluation-of-the-mechanical-and-viscoelastic-properties-of-the-rat-tongue
#4
Emanuele Loro, Stephen H Wang, Richard J Schwab, Tejvir S Khurana
The tongue is a highly innervated and vascularized muscle hydrostat on the floor of the mouth of most vertebrates. Its primary functions include supporting mastication and deglutition, as well as taste-sensing and phonetics. Accordingly, the strength and volume of the tongue can impact the ability of vertebrates to accomplish basic activities such as feeding, communicating, and breathing. Human patients with sleep apnea have enlarged tongues, characterized by reduced muscle tone and increased intramuscular fat that can be visualized and quantified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669668/orosensory-detection-of-bitter-in-fat-taster-healthy-and-obese-participants-genetic-polymorphism-of-cd36-and-tas2r38
#5
Inchirah Karmous, Jiří Plesník, Amira Sayed Khan, Omar Šerý, Abdelmajid Abid, Amani Mankai, Abdellah Aouidet, Naim Akhtar Khan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We assessed orosensory detection of a long-chain fatty acid, linoleic acid (LA), and a bitter taste marker, 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP), and correlated lipid-taster subjects with PROP detection and polymorphism in genes encoding bitter and lipid taste receptors, respectively, TAS2R38 and CD36, in normal weight and obese subjects. DESIGN: The normal weight (n = 52, age = 35.3 ± 4.10 years, BMI = 23.22 ± 1.44 kg/m(2)) and obese (n = 52, age = 35...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657649/application-of-pretreatment-methods-on-agricultural-products-prior-to-frying-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Ayobami Olayemi Oladejo, Haile Ma, Wenjuan Qu, Cunshan Zhou, Bengang Wu, Uzoejinwa Benjamin Bernard, Daniel I Onwude, Xue Yang
Frying is one of the methods of processing foods, which imparts flavour, taste, colour and crispness in the fried foods. In spite an increase in the demand for fried foods by consumers all over the world, the danger posed by consuming too much fat is still a challenge. Many researchers have come up with many ideas on how to reduce the oil uptake and improve the nutritional and organoleptic qualities of foods during frying. Several pretreatments techniques applied to food materials prior to frying have been investigated by researchers in a bid to reduce the oil uptake and improve the quality parameters of fried foods...
June 28, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649458/physico-chemical-rheological-and-antioxidant-properties-of-sweet-chestnut-castanea-sativa-mill-as-affected-by-pan-and-microwave-roasting
#7
Idrees Ahmed Wani, Humaira Hamid, Afshan Mumtaz Hamdani, Adil Gani, Bilal Ahmad Ashwar
Sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) belongs to the family Fagaceae and sub family Castaneoideae. Bioactive components such as tannins are present in sweet chestnut in high proportion giving astringent bitter taste and reducing their palatability. Roasting reduces the anti-nutritional factors in chestnut. This study was conducted to compare the effects of pan and microwave roasting on physicochemical, functional, rheological and antioxidant properties of sweet chestnut. Antioxidant activity was determined using DPPH inhibition activity, reducing power, and total phenolic content...
July 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603983/food-components-in-health-promotion-and-disease-prevention
#8
Wolfgang Langhans
The current obesity epidemic with its deleterious effects on public health, and the increase in the prevalence of non-communicable diseases in our aging society have dramatically increased public awareness of nutrition-related health issues. Food components such as fat, sugar, flavors and spices are major determinants of the hedonic value of food, and the constant and almost ubiquitous availability of good-tasting food in our affluent societies promotes overeating and weight gain. On the other hand, several food components, including flavoring compounds and the active ingredients of many plants including spices and herbs (e...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598497/descriptive-and-temporal-saltiness-perception-properties-of-model-solid-lipoproteic-colloid-foods-implications-for-sodium-reduction
#9
Wan-Yuan Kuo, Youngsoo Lee
Solid lipoproteic colloid (SLC) foods that consist of an oil-in-water emulsion of lipid and protein such as cheese and sausage contribute a significant amount of sodium to modern diets. This study aimed to correlate the overall saltiness perception to the texture and temporal saltiness perception of SLCs to understand saltiness perception during oral processing. Model SLCs with varying levels of protein and fat were prepared via pressure homogenization of whey protein isolate, anhydrous milk fat, and NaCl, followed by heat-induced gelation...
July 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590431/food-and-nutrients-intake-in-the-school-lunch-program-among-school-children-in-shanghai-china
#10
Zhenru Huang, Runying Gao, Nadila Bawuerjiang, Yali Zhang, Xiaoxu Huang, Meiqin Cai
This study aimed to evaluate the intake of food and nutrients among primary, middle, and high schools students in Shanghai, and provide recommendations for possible amendments in new school lunch standards of Shanghai. Twenty schools were included in the school lunch menu survey. Of those, seven schools enrolled 5389 students and conducted physical measurement of plate waste and a questionnaire survey. The amount of food and nutrients was compared according to the new China National Dietary Guideline for School Children (2016) and Chinese Dietary Reference Intakes (2013)...
June 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587159/effects-of-low-dose-non-caloric-sweetener-consumption-on-gut-microbiota-in-mice
#11
Takashi Uebanso, Ai Ohnishi, Reiko Kitayama, Ayumi Yoshimoto, Mutsumi Nakahashi, Takaaki Shimohata, Kazuaki Mawatari, Akira Takahashi
Abstract: Non-caloric artificial sweeteners (NASs) provide sweet tastes to food without adding calories or glucose. NASs can be used as alternative sweeteners for controlling blood glucose levels and weight gain. Although the consumption of NASs has increased over the past decade in Japan and other countries, whether these sweeteners affect the composition of the gut microbiome is unclear. In the present study, we examined the effects of sucralose or acesulfame-K ingestion (at most the maximum acceptable daily intake (ADI) levels, 15 mg/kg body weight) on the gut microbiome in mice...
June 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572588/hippocampal-atrophy-and-altered-brain-responses-to-pleasant-tastes-among-obese-compared-with-healthy-weight-children
#12
Z L Mestre, A Bischoff-Grethe, D M Eichen, C E Wierenga, D Strong, K N Boutelle
OBJECTIVE: The hippocampus is a key structure implicated in food motivation and intake. Research has shown that the hippocampus is vulnerable to the consumption of a western diet (i.e., high saturated fat and simple carbohydrates). Studies of patients with obesity (OB), compared with healthy weight (HW), show changes in hippocampal volume and response to food cues. Moreover, evidence suggests that OB children, relative to HW, have greater hippocampal response to taste. However, no study has examined the association of hippocampal volume with taste functioning in children...
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551189/reformulating-minas-frescal-cheese-using-consumers-perceptions-insights-from-intensity-scales-and-check-all-that-apply-questionnaires
#13
E W Oliveira, E A Esmerino, B Thomas Carr, L P F Pinto, H L A Silva, T C Pimentel, H M A Bolini, A G Cruz, M Q Freitas
We evaluated the performance of check-all-that-apply (CATA) questions and intensity scales to describe Minas Frescal cheese and its reformulation based on consumers' perceptions. Ten commercial samples with different formulations (full-fat, low-fat, or low-lactose) were evaluated by 200 consumers divided equally into 2 groups: 1 evaluated samples and described their ideal cheese using intensity scales and 1 did the same using CATA questions. Both methodologies provided similar information about the sensory characteristics of the Minas Frescal cheeses, the description of the ideal product, and directions for product reformulation...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549583/taste-sensitivity-to-sucrose-is-lower-in-outbred-sprague-dawley-phenotypic-obesity-prone-rats-than-obesity-resistant-rats
#14
Huiling Sun, Junbao Yan, Bo Sun, Lin Song, Jianqun Yan
The purpose of the present study was to better understand the role of sweet taste perception in dietary behavior and body weight in outbred Sprague-Dawley phenotypic obesity-prone and obesity-resistant rats by measuring sucrose taste sensitivity using a conditioned taste aversion paradigm. Rats were given a high fat diet for 2 weeks and were assigned as obesity-prone (P, upper tertile) or obesity-resistant (R, lower tertile) based on weight gain. Each group was then given either chow (C, 10% fat) or the high fat diet (F, 46% fat) for the remainder of the experiment (∼18 weeks) such that there were four groups - obesity-prone on chow (C-P), obesity-prone on high fat (H-P), obesity-resistant on chow (C-R), obesity-resistant on high fat (H-R)...
May 30, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538841/-nutritional-traffic-light-system-for-processed-foods-qualitative-study-of-awareness-understanding-attitudes-and-practices-in-ecuador
#15
Wilma B Freire, William F Waters, Gabriela Rivas-Mariño
Objectives.: To analyze awareness, understanding, attitudes, and practices related to the nutritional traffic light system (NTLS) on processed food packaging in Ecuador. Materials and methods.: 21 discussions were held in focus groups (FG) in populations of various sizes in the coastal, mountainous, and eastern regions. Nine interviews were conducted with key informants (KI) representing large, medium, and small enterprises producing or selling processed foods. Results...
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500692/toll-like-receptor-4-mediates-fat-sugar-and-umami-taste-preference-and-food-intake-and-body-weight-regulation
#16
Simonetta Camandola, Mark P Mattson
OBJECTIVE: Immune and inflammatory pathways play important roles in the pathogenesis of metabolic disorders. This study investigated the role of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in orosensory detection of dietary lipids and sugars. METHODS: Taste preferences of TLR4 knockout (KO) and wild-type (WT) male mice under a standard and a high-fat, high-sugar diet were assessed with two-bottle tests. Gene expression of taste signaling molecules was analyzed in the tongue epithelium...
July 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487220/variant-in-a-common-odorant-binding-protein-gene-is-associated-with-bitter-sensitivity-in-people
#17
Iole Tomassini Barbarossa, M Hakan Ozdener, Melania Melis, Latisha Love-Gregory, Makedonka Mitreva, Nada A Abumrad, M Yanina Pepino
Deeper understanding of signaling mechanisms underlying bitterness perception in people is essential for designing novel and effective bitter blockers, which could enhance nutrition and compliance with orally administered bitter-tasting drugs. Here we show that variability in a human odorant-binding protein gene, OBPIIa, associates with individual differences in bitterness perception of fat (oleic acid) and of a prototypical bitter stimulus, 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP), suggesting a novel olfactory role in the modulation of bitterness sensitivity...
June 30, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465539/participants-with-normal-weight-or-with-obesity-show-different-relationships-of-6-n-propylthiouracil-prop-taster-status-with-bmi-and-plasma-endocannabinoids
#18
Gianfranca Carta, Melania Melis, Stefano Pintus, Paolo Pintus, Carla A Piras, Laura Muredda, Daniela Demurtas, Vincenzo Di Marzo, Sebastiano Banni, Iole Tomassini Barbarossa
Reduced taste sensitivity to 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP), a genetic trait regarded as a general index for oral chemosensory perception, has been associated with a calorie-rich food preference and lower circulating endocannabinoid levels in participants with normal weight (NW), which suggests an adaptive mechanism to maintain a lean phenotype. In this study, we assessed whether participants with obesity (OB) show different patterns of plasma endocannabinoids and lipid metabolism biomarkers from those of NW, with further categorization based on their PROP sensitivity...
May 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460982/nutritional-and-chemical-properties-of-fermented-food-of-wild-and-cultivated-genotypes-of-enset-ensete-ventricosum
#19
Abraham Bosha, Abitew Lagibo Dalbato, Tamado Tana, Wassu Mohammed, Buzayew Tesfaye, Laila M Karlsson
The multipurpose crop enset (Ensete ventricosum) has been traditionally cultivated in Ethiopia since ancient times. The main food product is the starch-rich fermented kocho made from the pseudostem and corm. There are many vegetatively propagated landraces utilised by farmers, but no concisions breeding have taken place, and there are requests for improved cultivars. There are also populations of wild ensets which propagate sexually, and the variation in characteristics among the wild is not studied. We suggest investigating the variation among the wild, in order utilise the most proper combinations of parent plants when breeding for different purposes...
November 2016: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425579/myringoplasty-outcomes-from-the-swedish-national-quality-registry
#20
Malin Berglund, Rut Florentzson, Mattias Fransson, Malou Hultcrantz, Per O Eriksson, Erling Englund, Eva Westman
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Data from patients registered for myringoplasty during 2002 to 2012 in the Swedish National Quality Registry for Myringoplasty. STUDY DESIGN: Both conventional myringoplasty and fat-graft techniques were used aimed at healing the tympanic membrane in noninfected ears. METHODS: Analysis was performed on data in a national database collected from 32 ear, nose, and throat clinics. Surgical procedures and outcomes, and patient satisfaction from a questionnaire were studied...
April 20, 2017: Laryngoscope
keyword
keyword
111617
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"