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Diagnosis of small bowel obstruction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764448/small-bowel-lymphoma-presenting-as-inguinal-hernia-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Michele Teodoro, Maurizio Mannino, Marco Vitale, Edoardo Mattone, Valentina Palumbo, Filippo Fraggetta, Adriana Toro, Isidoro Di Carlo
BACKGROUND: Inguinal hernia is one of the most common benign pathologies that primarily affects men. Primary gastrointestinal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (PGI NHL) is the most common type of extranodal lymphoma. This study reports a rare case in which these two conditions co-exist. CASE PRESENTATION: An 85-year-old male complained of bowel movement pattern change, abdominal distension and loss of weight, without vomiting but with nausea. A computed tomographic scan of the abdomen showed a small bowel obstruction caused by a migration of a small bowel loop in the right inguinal canal, with a clinically non-reducible inguinal hernia...
May 15, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756508/association-between-abdominal-free-fluid-and-postoperative-complications-and-mortality-in-patients-with-small-bowel-obstruction
#2
I Pinar, W Abdul-Wahid, T Fransgaard, I Gögenur
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Small-bowel obstruction is a frequent cause of hospitalization. The condition is potentially life-threatening, causing many admission days and is a heavy burden socioeconomically. Patients with small-bowel obstruction may develop abdominal free fluid and the quality of this fluid may be predictive of worse outcomes. Our aim was to examine whether the presence of free fluid and its density, measured on computed tomography scans, was associated with severe complications and mortality postoperatively...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755022/adult-multicentric-burkitt-lymphoma-with-bowel-obstruction-due-to-intussusception
#3
Ali Özant, Kalbim Arslan, Necdet Özçay, Hasan Besim
Primary malignant tumors of the small intestine are very rare, accounting for 2%-3% of all gastrointestinal malignancies. Lymphoma constitutes about 15%-20% of all small intestine neoplasms and 20%-30% of all primary gastrointestinal lymphomas. The ileum is the most common site for gastrointestinal lymphomas. Because the symptoms and physical findings are non-specific, the preoperative diagnosis is usually difficult. In this case report, we describe the highly unusual case of sporadic Burkitt lymphoma with complete intestinal obstruction due to intussusception of the proximal jejunum and discuss the treatment options...
May 2018: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732360/primary-malignant-melanoma-of-the-small-intestine-a-report-of-2-cases-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
Kwan Mo Yang, Chan Wook Kim, So-Woon Kim, Jong Lyul Lee, Yong Sik Yoon, In Ja Park, Seok-Byung Lim, Chang Sik Yu, Jin Cheon Kim
The majority of malignant melanomas in the small intestine are metastases from primary cutaneous lesions, it can also develop as a primary mucosal tumor in the gastrointestinal tract. In this report, we present rare cases of primary small bowel melanoma and review the current literature. A 78-year-old male presented with abdominal pain and CT enterography identified a ileal mass. A 79-year-old female presented with signs and symptoms of partial small bowel obstruction. Abdominopelvic CT and small bowel series revealed a obstructing mass in the distal jejunum...
May 2018: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730513/intraluminal-migration-of-gossypibioma
#5
Vamsi Krishna, D Bharathkumar
BACKGROUND: Surgical sponge retained in the abdominal cavity following surgery, is a serious but avoidable complication. Common symptoms and signs of transmural migration of gossypibioma may include abdominal pain, vomiting, and bleeding. Transmural migration of surgical swab is a very rare phenomenon. CASE SERIES: We report a series of three such cases which presented to us with small bowel obstruction and laparotomy with extraction of gossypibioma was performed...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723182/enteric-duplication-cyst-as-a-cause-for-small-bowel-obstruction-in-adulthood
#6
Joel D'souza, Simon Richards
We report a case of a patient presenting with small bowel obstruction secondary to an enteric ileal duplication cyst. Although common in infancy, they are rarely seen in adults. Radiologically they may be difficult to distinguish from a Meckel diverticulum and often the diagnosis is made retrospectively. Optimal management of the asymptomatic adult is unclear.
May 4, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684805/detecting-a-rare-composite-small-bowel-lymphoma-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging-coincidentally-a-case-report-with-radiological-surgical-and-histopathological-features
#7
M Pezzella, B Brogna, A Romano, F Torelli, G Esposito, M Petrillo, F M Romano, N Di Martino, A Reginelli, R Grassi
INTRODUCTION: Diagnosing lymphoma continues to prove challenging in the clinical practice. Composite lymphoma (CL) is defined by the coexistence of different lymphoma subtypes in the same anatomical location. This condition has seldom been witnessed in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. We weren't able to find previous cases in the literature about small bowel CL with follicular lymphoma (FL) and classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL). Surgery is the treatment of choice to obtain accurate histology, to manage and prevent acute complications...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680278/colonic-diverticulosis-in-an-infant-a-clue-to-total-colonic-hirschsprung-disease
#8
Scott S Short, Liese C C Pruitt, Michael D Rollins
Total colonic aganglionosis is a rare phenotype of Hirschsprung disease (HD). While the diagnosis is generally established within the neonatal period there are reports of delayed presentation. In this case, we describe a 9-month old girl with no previous medical or surgical history who presented with a small bowel obstruction. A contrast enema performed as part of the work up demonstrated right sided colonic diverticula with no other anatomical abnormalities. Surgical intervention was required to manage the obstruction and colonic biopsies were consistent with HD...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664798/pouch-volvulus-in-patients-having-undergone-restorative-proctocolectomy-for-ulcerative-colitis-a-case-series
#9
Rachel M Landisch, Paul M Knechtges, Mary F Otterson, Kirk A Ludwig, Timothy J Ridolfi
BACKGROUND: Restorative proctocolectomy with IPAA improves quality of life in patients with medically refractory ulcerative colitis. Although bowel obstruction is common, pouch volvulus is rare and described only in case reports. Diagnosis can be challenging, resulting in delayed care and heightened morbidity. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to delineate the symptoms and successful management strategies used in patients with IPAA volvulus that result in pouch salvage...
April 16, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644047/two-patients-with-spontaneous-transomental-hernia-treated-with-laparoscopic-surgery-a-review
#10
Koichi Inukai, Nobuhiro Takashima, Hirotaka Miyai, Minoru Yamamoto, Kenji Kobayashi, Moritsugu Tanaka, Tetsushi Hayakawa
Here, we report two patients with transomental hernia who were successfully treated with laparoscopic surgery. The first patient was a 58-year-old female who presented to our hospital with abdominal pain and vomiting; she had no history of abdominal surgery. Enhanced computed tomography revealed strangulation ileus due to an internal hernia. The second patient was a 36-year-old male who presented to our hospital with abdominal pain and no history of abdominal surgery. Enhanced computed tomography indicated transomental hernia...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614986/rapunzel-syndrome-an-infrequent-cause-of-severe-iron-deficiency-anemia-and-abdominal-pain-presenting-to-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#11
Giuseppe Cannalire, Luigi Conti, Maurizio Celoni, Carmine Grassi, Andrea Cella, Giulia Bensi, Patrizio Capelli, Giacomo Biasucci
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and abdominal pain are commonly seen in a pediatric emergency department (8 and 18% incidence respectively in our center). They are manifestations of a wide variety of diseases ranging from benign to immediately life-threatening. Trichobezoar is an under-diagnosed entity that has to be considered in children and adolescents, expecially female, suffering from trichotillomania (compulsion to pull hair) and trichophagy (compulsion to swallow hair)...
April 4, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607272/a-masquerading-and-unconventional-cause-of-dynamic-intestinal-obstruction-strangulated-obturator-hernia
#12
Aneesh Suresh, Sakthivel Chinnakkulam Kandhasamy, Ashok Kumar Sahoo, Anandhi Amaranathan, N R Vishnu Prasad
Obturator hernia is an extremely rare type of abdominal wall hernia occurring mostly in elderly, thin females. It is characterized by the herniation of intra-abdominal contents through the obturator foramen. Symptoms are often nonspecific, and the patient usually presents with an acute or subacute intestinal obstruction. A high index of suspicion is needed in such females presenting with abdominal distention and positive Howship-Romberg signs. Computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis are often necessary to arrive at a diagnosis, and immediate surgical intervention is recommended...
January 29, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606013/evaluation-of-pre-and-postnatally-diagnosed-gastrointestinal-tract-obstructions
#13
Gokcen Orgul, Tutku Soyer, Murat Yurdakok, Mehmet Sinan Beksac
PURPOSE: Signs of congenital obstruction of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) organs may present on prenatal ultrasonography. Prenatal detection is influenced by several factors, including obstruction site, lesion degree (partial or complete), the occurrence of associated malformations, and gestational week at screening. Here, we aimed to evaluate the success of prenatal diagnosis of GIT obstructions in a tertiary center in Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 34 prenatally and 22 postnatally diagnosed babies with different GIT malformations...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604532/preoperative-radiologic-patent-blue-localization-for-intracorporeal-laparoscopic-resection-of-a-terminal-ileal-submucosal-lipoma-a-case-report
#14
Hsin-Yi Wu, Song-Fong Huang, Kuang-Tse Pan, Ming-Chin Yu
BACKGROUND: Ileal submucosal lipomas are rare cases and surgical intervention was necessary in case of abdominal pain and intussusception. Laparoscopic resection may be difficult for the intraluminal submucosal lesion. Herein, we report a case of terminal ileal submucosal lipoma resected by radiologic-assisted laparoscopic surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: The 31-year-old female was admitted for intermittent abdominal pain. The colonoscopy showed a 1.5 cm diameter subepithelial lesion in terminal ileum and computed tomography showed a hypodense lesion in distal ileum...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603279/long-term-therapy-with-teduglutide-in-parenteral-support-dependent-patients-with-short-bowel-syndrome-a-case-series
#15
Andrew Ukleja, Chau To, Alicia Alvarez, Luis F Lara
OBJECTIVE: To review all cases of parenteral support (PS)-dependent patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS) treated with teduglutide (Gattex®, Shire) and to evaluate its efficacy and adverse effects. METHODS: This is a retrospective descriptive cohort of SBS patients treated with teduglutide. Demographics, bowel length, primary diagnosis, PS volume/duration, teduglutide dose, and side effects were collected prospectively. RESULTS: Six SBS patients (4 females, 2 males) received teduglutide...
March 30, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595689/single-port-surgery-sps-strategy-for-small-bowel-obstruction-sbo-caused-by-postoperative-internal-hernia-a-series-case-report
#16
Kohei Taniguchi, Ryo Iida, Koshi Ota, Mitsuhiro Asakuma, Kazuhisa Uchiyama, Akira Takasu
RATIONALE: Internal hernia due to postoperative adhesions sometimes causes small bowel obstruction (SBO) and requires emergency surgery. The difficulties in the management of SBO with internal hernia include accurate diagnosis and estimation of its ischemic degree and of the risk of SBO recurrences following the surgical procedure. Laparoscopic surgery is a noninvasive to reduce postoperative adhesions and therefore has been widely used recently. However, surgeons often tend to hesitate in applying laparoscopic surgery for SBO because of some situational disadvantages such as poor operating space or iatrogenic bowel injury...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560794/acute-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-as-a-rare-cause-of-acute-small-bowel-obstruction
#17
Alexandre Haumann, Sarah Ongaro, Olivier Detry, Paul Meunier, Michel Meurisse
INTRODUCTION: Small bowel obstruction (SBO) is a common presentation to emergency abdominal surgery. The most frequent causes of SBO are congenital, postoperative adhesions, abdominal wall hernia, internal hernia and malignancy. PATIENTS: A 27-year-old woman was hospitalized because of acute abdominal pain, blockage of gases and stools associated with vomiting. Abdominal computed tomography showed an acute small bowel obstruction without any obvious etiology. In view of important abdominal pain and the lack of clear diagnosis, an explorative laparoscopy was performed...
March 21, 2018: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542027/prolonged-postoperative-ileus-in-a-patient-with-primary-pneumatosis-cystoides-intestinalis-a-case-report
#18
Hiroshi Tamura, Tatsuo Kanda, Tadasu Chida, Hitoshi Kameyama, Ukihide Tateishi, Toshifumi Wakai, Makoto Naito
BACKGROUND: Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI) is a rare disease characterized by multiple gas-filled cysts in the intestinal wall and is associated with various comorbidities. We report herein a case of intractable paralytic ileus caused by primary PCI. CASE PRESENTATION: A 73-year-old man visited out hospital complaining of abdominal pain and vomiting. He had been hospitalized twice for intestinal obstruction in the past 2 months. Based on his history of appendectomy, mechanical bowel obstruction caused by adhesion was diagnosed, and the patient underwent surgery...
March 14, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531578/video-capsule-endoscopy-in-pediatric-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-a-single-center-experience-of-180-procedures
#19
Artur Nemeth, Daniel Agardh, Gabriele Wurm Johansson, Henrik Thorlacius, Ervin Toth
Background: Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) is a noninvasive method enabling excellent visualization of the small bowel (SB) mucosa. The aim of this study was to examine the impact and safety of VCE performed in children and adolescents with suspected or established Crohn's disease (CD). Methods: A total of 180 VCE examinations in 169 consecutive patients conducted in 2003-14 in a single center were retrospectively analyzed. The median age was 13 years (range 3-17 years) and indications for VCE were suspected (125 cases, 69%) and established (55 cases, 31%) CD...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527685/sonographic-diagnosis-of-four-water-beads-causing-small-bowel-obstruction-in-an-18-month-old-boy
#20
Xiuzhen Yang, Yuebin Zhang, Jingjing Ye
We report a rare case of sonographic (US) diagnosis of four water beads causing small-bowel obstruction in an 18-month-old boy. The boy presented with a 3-day history of repeated bouts of abdominal pain and vomiting, which became bilious on the last day. Abdominal US examination showed four rounded anechoic masses in the small bowel. Urgent exploratory laparotomy revealed that the obstruction was caused by three large water beads with a diameter of 2.8 cm and fragments of a fourth one. Foreign bodies should be considered in cases of small-bowel obstruction; US can be very helpful in the diagnosis of water beads in the bowel...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
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