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Diagnosis of small bowel obstruction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712196/small-gut-volvulus-a-rare-twist-in-the-setting-of-an-even-rarer-entity-multiple-giant-jejuno-ileal-diverticula
#1
Ayesha Khan, Faheem Khan, Kashif Rafique, Sarwar Khan, Anam Majid, Khalid Khan, Asad Ullah
Small gut volvulus with multiple Jejuno-ileal diverticulosis is an unusual pathology of the small intestine with a scarce number of cases reported so far. It usually goes unnoticed because it is often asymptomatic but complications like diverticulitis, perforation, bleeding or intestinal obstruction can occur in 10-30% of the cases. Mechanical obstruction, if it occurs, can be caused by adhesions or stenosis due to diverticulitis, intussusception at the site of the diverticulum and volvulus of the segment containing the diverticula...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700968/retrocecal-hernia-preoperatively-diagnosed-by-computed-tomography-a-case-report
#2
Shingo Ito, Ryohei Takeda, Ritsuo Kokubo, Yoshio Sakai, Hirokazu Matsuzawa, Kiichi Sugimoto, Makoto Takahashi, Yutaka Kojima, Michitoshi Goto, Yuichi Tomiki, Kazuhiro Sakamoto
INTRODUCTION: Retrocecal hernia is a rare type of pericecal hernia. Because it is difficult to diagnose preoperatively, it is often treated with emergency operation. CASE PRESENTATION: An 83-year-old male patient experienced sudden abdominal pain. Marked small bowel dilatation and intestinal obstruction were detected by abdominal computed tomography (CT). An enhanced CT scan also revealed a trapped cluster of small bowel loops behind the cecum and ascending colon...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686923/rare-case-of-incarcerated-obturator-hernia-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#3
N C Sá, V C M Silva, P R L Carreiro, A S Matos Filho, I A Lombardi
INTRODUCTION: Obturator hernia is a rare condition accounting for less than 1% of all intra abdominal hernias. Clinical diagnosis is considered a challenge for most surgeons. It usually appears as an intestinal obstruction. Confirmation of diagnosis is carried out by means of imaging or during surgery. CASE REPORT: An 85-year-old female patient, with symptoms of intestinal obstruction of 24h duration was admitted to the emergency room of Unimed Hospital - Belo Horizonte...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685139/ileocolic-intussusception-caused-by-a-lipoma-in-an-adult
#4
Dong Eun Lee, Jae Young Choe
Intussusception is rarely observed in adults. Adult cases account for only 5% of all cases of intussusceptions and almost 1%-5% of bowel obstruction cases. The etiology, presentation and management of intussusception in adults are different from those in children. The clinical presentation in adults often includes nonspecific signs and symptoms, thereby complicating differential diagnosis from other causes of abdominal pain. We report a 29-year-old Asian woman who visited our emergency department with complaints of fever associated with epigastric pain since one day...
June 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685016/incarcerated-congenital-transmesenteric-hernia-in-an-adult-a-case-report
#5
Sam Alhayo, Preet Gosal, Anthony Shakeshaft
Transmesenteric hernia is a rare cause of bowel obstruction and strangulation. It can be due to iatrogenic injury, trauma, inflammatory and less likely congenital. We present a case of true congenital transmesenteric hernia in a 26-year-old male with no previous surgical history or trauma. The patient presented acutely with no prior symptoms. Investigations provided limited information towards the diagnosis of the hernia, but suggestive of mid-gut volvulus. Emergency laparotomy was performed to find >75% of small bowel herniating through a proximal jejunal mesenteric defect leading to incarceration and early strangulation...
June 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681372/two-cases-of-laparoscopic-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-intersigmoid-hernia
#6
Hajime Kayano, Eiji Nomura, Toru Kuramoto, Kentaro Yatabe, Hisamichi Yoshii, Daiki Yokoyama, Takashi Machida, Shuji Uda, Takuya Koike, Hideki Izumi, Sayuri Hasegawa, Masaya Mukai, Hiroyasu Makuuchi
We present two cases of intestinal obstruction due to intersigmoid hernia that were diagnosed and treated laparoscopically. The first case was a 42-year-old woman with no surgical history. She was treated conservatively with the insertion of an ileus tube. Although the intestinal obstruction improved temporarily, since it subsequently worsened, laparoscopic surgery was performed, which revealed incarceration of the ileum in the intersigmoid fossa. Although there were no signs of necrosis after intestinal release, partial resection of the small bowel was performed before the hernial orifice was closed due to the evidence of serous damage...
July 20, 2017: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661313/acute-appendicitis-after-kidney-transplantation-experience-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-mexico-city
#7
Edgar Ortiz-Brizuela, Alejandro Quiroz-Compeán, Mario Vilatobá-Chapa, Josefina Alberú-Gómez
OBJECTIVES: Here, we describe the presentation, treatment, and outcomes of acute appendicitis in kidney transplant recipients at a tertiary care hospital in Mexico City. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case series study at a tertiary care hospital in Mexico City from January 2000 to January 2015. RESULTS: During our study period, 1186 patients received a kidney transplant; among these patients, we identified 10 cases of acute appendicitis (0...
June 28, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655944/importance-of-second-look-endoscopy-on-an-empty-stomach-for-finding-gastric-bezoars-in-patients-with-gastric-ulcers
#8
Masaya Iwamuro, Shouichi Tanaka, Yuki Moritou, Tomoki Inaba, Reiji Higashi, Chiaki Kusumoto, Naoko Yunoki, Shin Ishikawa, Yuko Okamoto, Yoshinari Kawai, Ken-Ichi Kitada, Ryuta Takenaka, Tatsuya Toyokawa, Hiroyuki Okada
 Most gastric bezoars can be treated with endoscopic fragmentation combined with or without cola dissolution, whereas laparotomy or laparoscopic surgery is generally inevitable for small intestinal bezoars because they cause small bowel obstruction. Therefore, early diagnosis and management of gastric bezoars are necessary to prevent bezoar-induced ileus. To investigate the incidence of overlooked gastric bezoars during the initial esophagogastroduodenoscopy, we retrospectively reviewed the cases of 27 patients diagnosed with gastrointestinal bezoars...
June 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638589/gastrocolic-fistula-presented-as-an-early-complication-of-gastric-surgery-in-a-42-year-old-man
#9
Mohammad Javad Zahedi, Sara Shafiei Pour, Masood Dehghani, Nazanin Eslami
Currently, surgery is less needed for the treatment of refractory peptic ulcer disease (PUD) or its complications. So, the complications of PUD surgery have been clearly declined. Here in, we present a 42-year-old man with chronic watery diarrhea and significant weight loss during 2 years after gastrojejunostomy for the treatment of obstructive PUD. Small bowel gastrointestinal series showed rapid transit without passage of contrast in the parts of small bowel. The patient was scheduled for exploratory laparotomy...
April 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638005/sclerosing-mesenteritis-causing-chylous-ascites-and-small-bowel-perforation
#10
Huei-Wen Lim, Keith S Sultan
BACKGROUND Sclerosing mesenteritis (SM) is a rare idiopathic inflammation and fibrosis of the mesentery. Its etiology and pathogenesis remain unclear. It has been linked to abdominal trauma related to peritoneal dialysis, recent abdominal surgery, idiopathic inflammatory disorder, paraneoplastic syndrome, ischemia/infection, and autoimmunity. Abdominal CT is the most sensitive imaging modality, and diagnosis is usually confirmed by surgical biopsy. Patients most often present with abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and weight loss, and less commonly with chylous ascites and small bowel obstruction...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624050/impact-of-hospital-volume-on-outcomes-for-laparoscopic-adhesiolysis-for-small-bowel-obstruction
#11
Raymond A Jean, Kathleen M O'Neill, Kevin Y Pei, Kimberly A Davis
BACKGROUND: Volume-to-outcome data have been studied in several complex surgical procedures, demonstrating improved outcomes at higher volume centers. Laparoscopic lysis of adhesions (LLOA) for small bowel obstruction (SBO) may result in better outcomes, but there is no information on the learning curve for this potentially complex case. This study evaluates the effect of institutional procedural volume on length of stay (LOS), outcomes, and costs in LLOA for SBOs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample data set between 2000 and 2013 was queried for discharges for a diagnosis of SBO involving LLOA in adult patients...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589045/recurrent-enterolithiasis-small-bowel-obstruction-a-case-seldom-described
#12
Ashish Lal Shrestha, Pradita Shrestha
BACKGROUND: Enterolithiasis of the small bowel is a rare phenomenon in humans although it has been frequently described in equines. Primary enteroliths have been described including those occurring secondary to conditions like Crohn's disease, small bowel diverticula, tuberculous or postoperative strictures, and blind loops but those occurring in an otherwise normal gut are exceedingly rare. Of even greater rarity is a recurrent small bowel enterolith presenting with obstruction. This may be the first report of such kind...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571210/meckel-s-diverticulum-enterolith-an-extremely-rare-cause-of-intestinal-obstruction
#13
Nikolaos Symeonidis, Athanasios Kofinas, Kyriakos Psarras, Efstathios Pavlidis, Theodoros Pavlidis
Meckel's diverticulum is usually asymptomatic but occasionally presents with complications. Formation of an enterolith inside a Meckel's diverticulum is very uncommon and dislodgement of such a stone causing obstruction is extremely rare. We herein present a case of a 48-year-old man who presented with small bowel obstruction. Preoperative radiologic studies revealed a stone-like lesion in the right lower quadrant. Upon laparotomy, an inflamed Meckel's diverticulum was found as well as a 2.5 cm stone obstructing the terminal ileum...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567378/capsule-retention-prevention-diagnosis-and-management
#14
REVIEW
Emanuele Rondonotti
Capsule retention (CR) has been defined as capsule remaining in the digestive tract for a minimum of two weeks. CR occurs approximately in 2% of all patients undergoing small bowel capsule endoscopy (CE). Prompt diagnosis of CR is important, as it has relevant clinical implications. CR should be suspected in (I) all asymptomatic patients who do not report capsule excretion within 15 days from capsule ingestion; and (II) patients with obstructive or perforation-related symptoms in which the capsule has not been excreted, regardless of the time between the onset of symptoms and capsule ingestion...
May 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560024/neuroendocrine-carcinoma-as-a-rare-cause-of-jejunal-intussusception-in-an-adult-management-and-literature-review
#15
Georgios Sahsamanis, Georgios Mitsopoulos, Titos Deverakis, Alexandra Terzoglou, Paschalis Evangelidis, Georgios Dimitrakopoulos
Intussusception of the small bowel is an uncommon condition, with the majority of cases being observed during infancy. A number of points are responsible, with benign and malignant lesions of the small intestine being the most common. Herein, we present the case of a 75-year-old male patient with vague abdominal pain and black stool during defecation, who underwent surgery due to jejunal intussusception. Pathology report demonstrated a neuroendocrine carcinoma as the underlying cause for his condition, with no additional metastases during the initial diagnosis...
May 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560018/internal-hernia-after-laparoscopic-right-hemicolectomy-report-of-a-case
#16
Hiroki Sugita, Takahiko Akiyama, Naoya Daitoku, Rumiko Tashima, Hiroshi Tanaka, Shinobu Honda, Tetsumasa Arita, Yasushi Yagi, Masahiko Hirota
Mesenteric defects are often not closed in laparoscopic colectomy. We herein report a case of an internal hernia projecting through a mesenteric defect following laparoscopy-assisted right hemicolectomy. A 74-year-old woman was hospitalized for the surgical treatment of double colon cancer. Preoperative colonoscopy demonstrated the presence of ascending colon and transverse colon cancers. A laparoscopic-assisted right hemicolectomy was performed. The mesenteric defect resulting from the colectomy was not closed...
May 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546717/intussusception-a-rare-complication-after-feeding-jejunostomy-a-case-report
#17
Shreyas Dholaria, Kamal Kishor Lakhera, Sanjeev Patni
Feeding jejunostomy (FJ) is a commonly done surgical procedure for enteral nutrition. Intussusception is one of the rare complications of FJ. Clinical presentation may be similar to other causes of small bowel obstruction. Intussusception should be suspected if a patient with jejunostomy tube develops upper gastrointestinal obstructive symptoms, which are relieved by nasogastric tube drainage. CT or ultrasonography (USG) can help to confirm the diagnosis. It can be relieved spontaneously or sometimes requires laparotomy...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540052/a-unique-case-of-massive-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#18
Akihiko Kida, Koichiro Matsuda, Mitsuru Matsuda, Akito Sakai, Yatsugi Noda
OBJECTIVES: Lipomas are the second most common benign tumors of the small bowel, and most lipomas are asymptomatic. However, lipomas with diameters of >20 mm tend to be symptomatic, for example, to cause bleeding, obstructive jaundice, abdominal pain, intestinal obstruction, intussusception, and/or perforation. METHODS/RESULTS: We report a case of massive gastrointestinal bleeding from a jejunal lipoma combined with intussusception. A preoperative diagnosis of gastrointestinal bleeding derived from a jejunal lipoma combined with intussusception was made based on double-balloon enteroscopy and contrast-enhanced computed tomography, and partial resection of the small intestine was performed...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539037/small-bowel-obstruction-caused-by-aloe-vera-bezoars-a-case-report
#19
In Taik Hong, Jae Myung Cha, Hye Jin Ki, Min Seob Kwak, Jin Young Yoon, Hyun Phil Shin, Jung Won Jeoun, Sung Il Choi
Small bowel obstruction is a clinical condition commonly caused by postoperative adhesion, volvulus, intussusceptions, and hernia. Small bowel obstruction due to bezoars is clinically uncommon, accounting for approximately 2-4% of all obstructions. Computed tomography (CT) is a useful method in diagnosing the cause of small bowel obstruction. However, small bowel obstruction caused by bezoars may not be detected by an abdominal CT examination. Herein, we report a rare case of small bowel obstruction by Aloe vera bezoars, which were undetected by an abdominal CT...
May 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539036/a-case-of-tuberculous-peritonitis-presenting-as-small-bowel-obstruction
#20
Hae Koo Kim, Sung Eun Kim, Moo In Park, Seun Ja Park, Won Moon, Jae Hyun Kim, Kyoungwon Jung, Yong Jin Nam
The peritoneum is one of the common extrapulmonary sites of tuberculosis infection. Patients with underlying end-stage renal or liver disease are frequently complicated by tuberculous peritonitis; however, the diagnosis of the tuberculous peritonitis is difficult due to its insidious nature, well as its variability in presentation and limitation of available diagnostic tests. Once diagnosed, the preferred treatment is usually antituberculous therapy in uncomplicated cases. However, surgical treatment may also be required for complicated cases, such as small bowel obstruction or perforation...
May 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
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