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Quercetin AND MCT1

Ke Yao Hu, De Gui Wang, Peng Fei Liu, Yan Wei Cao, Yong Hua Wang, Xue Cheng Yang, Cheng Xia Hu, Li Jiang Sun, Hai Tao Niu
Phosphofructokinase-2/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase 3 (PFKFB3) and monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1) play important roles in tumor endothelial cells (ECs) and several biological processes. The present study was conducted to study the effects of PFKFB3 and MCT1 on cell proliferation and apoptosis in the tumor microenvironment by co-culture of HUVECs and T24, a bladder cancer (BC) cell line, using a microfluidic device. Immunofluorescence assay showed that HUVEC activity was significantly enhanced under co-culture with T24 cells, according to the stronger fluorescence intensity of CD31 and CD105 than that in the signal‑cultured cells...
August 2016: Oncology Reports
Chenlin Shen, Ruonan Chen, Zhengyue Qian, Xiaoming Meng, Tingting Hu, Yangyang Li, Zhaolin Chen, Cheng Huang, Chaojie Hu, Jun Li
Hesperetin, the aglycone of hesperidin, occurs naturally in citrus fruits. It exerts extensive pharmacological activities. However, hesperetin's poor solubility and low bioavailability limit its wide application. In order to overcome these limitations, recently a series of novel hesperitin derivatives containing Mannich base moieties were synthesized and the anti-inflammatory activity was evaluated, among which MTBH (8-methylene-tert-butylamine-3',5,7-trihydroxy-4'-methoxyflavanone) showed a significantly improved water solubility, and promising anti-inflammatory activity in vitro and in vivo compared with hesperitin...
October 12, 2015: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Ricardo Amorim, Céline Pinheiro, Vera Miranda-Gonçalves, Helena Pereira, Mary P Moyer, Ana Preto, Fátima Baltazar
Cancer cells rely mostly on glycolysis to meet their energetic demands, producing large amounts of lactate that are extruded to the tumour microenvironment by monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs). The role of MCTs in the survival of colorectal cancer (CRC) cells is scarce and poorly understood. In this study, we aimed to better understand this issue and exploit these transporters as novel therapeutic targets alone or in combination with the CRC classical chemotherapeutic drug 5-Fluorouracil. For that purpose, we characterized the effects of MCT activity inhibition in normal and CRC derived cell lines and assessed the effect of MCT inhibition in combination with 5-FU...
August 28, 2015: Cancer Letters
Filipa Morais-Santos, Vera Miranda-Gonçalves, Sílvia Pinheiro, André F Vieira, Joana Paredes, Fernando C Schmitt, Fátima Baltazar, Céline Pinheiro
The tumour microenvironment is known to be acidic due to high glycolytic rates of tumour cells. Monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs) play a role in extracellular acidification, which is widely known to be involved in tumour progression. Recently, we have described the upregulation of MCT1 in breast carcinomas and its association with poor prognostic variables. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the effect of lactate transport inhibition in human breast cancer cell lines. The effects of α-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamate, quercetin and lonidamine on cell viability, metabolism, proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion were assessed in a panel of different breast cancer cell lines...
February 2014: Endocrine-related Cancer
Pedro Gonçalves, Inês Gregório, Telmo A Catarino, Fátima Martel
Our aim was to investigate the effect of oxidative stress upon butyrate uptake at the intestinal epithelial level. For this, IEC-6 cells were treated with tert-butylhydroperoxide 3000μM (tBOOH), which increased levels of oxidative stress biomarkers, while maintaining cellular viability. The effect of tBOOH upon uptake of [(14)C]butyrate ([(14)C]BT) (10μM) can be summarized as follows: (a) it caused a reduction in the intracellular accumulation of [(14)C]BT over time, (b) it strongly reduced total [(14)C]BT uptake but did not affect Na(+)-independent uptake of [(14)C]BT, and (c) it did not affect the kinetics of [(14)C]BT uptake at 37°C, but increased uptake at 4°C...
January 15, 2013: European Journal of Pharmacology
Hiroto Izumi, Mayu Takahashi, Hidetaka Uramoto, Yoshifumi Nakayama, Tsunehiro Oyama, Ke-Yong Wang, Yasuyuki Sasaguri, Shigeru Nishizawa, Kimitoshi Kohno
Cancer cells show constitutive upregulation of glycolysis, and the concentration of lactate thus produced correlates with prognosis. Here, we examined whether lactate concentration and lactate transporter expression are related to migration and invasion activity. We found that the expression of the monocarboxylate transporters MCT1 and MCT4, but not MCT5, in human lung cancer cell lines was significantly correlated with invasiveness. To clarify the effects of MCT1 and MCT4 expression on invasion, we performed migration and invasion assays after transfection with siRNA specific for MCT1 or MCT4...
May 2011: Cancer Science
Pedro Gonçalves, João R Araújo, Fátima Martel
Butyrate (BT) is one of the main end products of anaerobic bacterial fermentation of dietary fiber within the human colon. Among its recognized effects, BT inhibits colon carcinogenesis. Our aim was to characterize uptake of BT by two nontransformed intestinal epithelial cell lines: rat small intestinal epithelial (IEC-6) and fetal human colonic epithelial (FHC) cells. Uptake of ¹⁴C-BT by IEC-6 cells was (1) time- and concentration-dependent; (2) pH-dependent; (3) Na+-, Cl⁻- and energy-dependent; (4) inhibited by BT structural analogues; (5) sensitive to monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1) inhibitors; and (6) insensitive to DIDS and amiloride...
March 2011: Journal of Membrane Biology
Pedro Gonçalves, João R Araújo, M João Pinho, Fátima Martel
Our aim was to investigate the effect of several dietary polyphenols on uptake of (14)C-butyrate ((14)C-BT) by Caco-2 cells and try to correlate this effect with the modulation of the anticarcinogenic effect of BT in these cells. Acutely, uptake of (14)C-BT (10 μM) was decreased by resveratrol, quercetin, myricetin, and chrysin, and increased by xanthohumol, catechin, and epicatechin; and uptake of (14)C-BT (20 mM) was reduced by resveratrol, quercetin, myricetin, chrysin, EGCG, and epicatechin. Resveratrol acts as a competitive inhibitor of (14)C-BT uptake...
2011: Nutrition and Cancer
Talia Harris, Galit Eliyahu, Lucio Frydman, Hadassa Degani
Metabolic fluxes can serve as specific biomarkers for detecting malignant transformations, tumor progression, and response to microenvironmental changes and treatment procedures. We present noninvasive hyperpolarized (13)C NMR investigations on the metabolic flux of pyruvate to lactate, in a well-controlled injection/perfusion system using T47D human breast cancer cells. Initial rates of pyruvate-to-lactate conversion were obtained by fitting the hyperpolarized (13)C and ancillary (31)P NMR data to a model, yielding both kinetic parameters and mechanistic insight into this conversion...
October 27, 2009: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Chang-Koo Shim, Eun-Pa Cheon, Keon Wook Kang, Ki-Soo Seo, Hyo-Kyung Han
This study aimed to investigate the inhibition effect of flavonoids on monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1) in Caco-2 cells. The cellular uptake of benzoic acid was examined in the presence and the absence of naringin, naringenin, morin, silybin and quercetin in Caco-2 cells. All the tested flavonoids except naringin significantly inhibited (P<0.05) the cellular uptake of [(14)C]-benzoic acid. Particularly, naringenin and silybin exhibited strong inhibition effects with IC50 values of 23.4 and 30.2 microM, respectively...
November 2007: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Qi Wang, Marilyn E Morris
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of flavonoids on the in vitro monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1)-mediated transport and in vivo disposition of the drug of abuse, gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB). The uptake of GHB in rat MCT1 gene-transfected MDA-MB231 cells was significantly decreased in the presence of the flavonoids apigenin, biochanin A, chrysin, diosemin, fisetin, genistein, hesperitin, kaempferol, luteolin, morin, narigenin, phloretin, and quercetin, but was not affected by the flavonoid glycosides phloridzin and rutin...
February 2007: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
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