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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656291/activin-a-is-a-pro-inflammatory-regulator-in-type-2-driven-upper-airway-disease
#1
Adam M Chaker, Ulrich Matthias Zissler, Nikolaos Poulos, Martin Wagenmann, Murat Bas, Ferdinand Gürth, Georgina Xanthou, Carsten Schmidt-Weber
BACKGROUND: Allergic upper airway disease involves pro-inflammatory type-2 cytokines such as IL-5 and regulatory tissue repair mediators, in particular transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1. The TGF-β-superfamily member activin-A displays multiple biological functions and shares certain signalling pathways with TGF-β1. We aimed to examine the coregulation of mucosal activin-A and TGF-β1 in acute allergic and chronic Th2-driven upper airway disease. METHODS: We investigated mucosal cytokine expression profiles and kinetics using RT-PCR after nasal allergen challenges in patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis...
April 13, 2018: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656145/sq-house-dust-mite-sublingual-immunotherapy-tablet-subgroup-efficacy-and-local-application-site-reaction-duration
#2
David I Bernstein, Joerg Kleine-Tebbe, Harold S Nelson, Jose A Bardelas, Gordon L Sussman, Susan Lu, Dorte Rehm, Bodil Svanholm Fogh, Hendrik Nolte
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis with or without conjunctivitis (AR/C) is common, necessitating evaluation of SQ house dust mite (HDM) sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT)-tablet efficacy in various subgroups. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate 12 SQ-HDM efficacy and safety across subgroups, and the onset, duration, and recurrence of local application site reactions. METHODS: Subgroup (age, gender, race, asthma status, and allergen sensitization) efficacy was assessed using pooled data from two previously described trials of daily 12 SQ-HDM vs placebo for AR/C (N=2138)...
April 12, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652870/surveillance-for-the-identification-of-cases-of-acute-respiratory-infection-by-enterovirus-d68-in-children-in-a-tertiary-level-care-hospital-during-2014-2016
#3
Ana Estela Gamiño-Arroyo, José Luis Sánchez-Huerta, Alicia Elhaín de la Garza-López, Israel Parra-Ortega, Noé Escobar-Escamilla, Edgar Mendieta-Condado, Fabiola Garcés-Ayala, Gisela Barrera-Badillo, José Ernesto Ramírez-González, José Alberto Díaz-Quiñonez, Daniela de la Rosa-Zamboni
Background: The reemergence of enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) infections in the United States was reported from August-October 2014 (691 cases). In Mexico, an outbreak at the National Institute of Respiratory Diseases was reported (24 cases). The results of epidemiological surveillance of Enterovirus sp. (EV) and other respiratory viruses in a national pediatric tertiary care level hospital are presented. Methods: Following the alert issued by the reemergence of EV-D68 in 2014, epidemiological surveillance -which only detected respiratory viruses by PCR in patients with influenza-like illness using nasopharyngeal swabs- expanded to include children with asthma exacerbation or acute respiratory distress...
2018: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651398/teenage-rhinoplasty
#4
Abdoljalil Kalantar-Hormozi, Roozbeh Ravar, Ali Abbaszadeh-Kasbi, Nazanin Rita Davai
BACKGROUND: Rhinoplasty is among the most popular aesthetic surgical procedures selected by teenagers. When it comes to teenagers' rhinoplasty, almost all surgeons believe that modified techniques should be considered because the nose is still growing. In this article, we prospectively followed teenagers who had undergone septorhinoplasty to assess the safety of procedure and its possible complications. METHODS: All the patients who were under 18 years old but for those who had a bleeding disorder, allergic rhinitis, and cleft lip nose were included in the study...
January 2018: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649893/a-three-year-course-of-house-dust-mite-sublingual-immunotherapy-appears-effective-in-controlling-the-symptoms-of-allergic-rhinitis
#5
Silviya M Novakova, Plamena I Novakova, Plamen H Yakovliev, Maria T Staevska, Nonka G Mateva, Teodora D Dimcheva, Jivko L Peichev
Background Allergic rhinitis is the most common allergic disorder. Although the management of the disease is successful in many patients, based on guidelines, some of them remain with symptoms uncontrolled with pharmacotherapy. Presently, there is no substantiated information on the control of allergic rhinitis in patients who underwent sublingual immunotherapy. Objective The purpose of this prospective follow-up study was to assess the control of allergic rhinitis in adults after a three-year course of house dust mite sublingual immunotherapy...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649887/clinical-effect-of-endoscopic-vidian-neurectomy-on-bronchial-asthma-outcomes-in-patients-with-coexisting-refractory-allergic-rhinitis-and-asthma
#6
Jingang Ai, Zuozhong Xie, Xiang Qing, Wei Li, Honghui Liu, Tiansheng Wang, Guolin Tan
Background The prevalence of both allergic rhinitis and bronchial asthma is high throughout the world; their mutual influence on each other has been documented in many studies. However, studies regarding surgical intervention are limited. Objective To evaluate the clinical significance of endoscopic vidian neurectomy on bronchial asthma outcomes in patients with coexisting refractory allergic rhinitis and asthma. Methods A total of 109 patients with moderate to severe persistent intractable allergic rhinitis and mild/moderate asthma were allocated to the bilateral endoscopic vidian neurectomy group (group 1) or conservative medication group (group 2) according to the patients' self-selection...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649882/local-atopy-in-childhood-adenotonsillar-hypertrophy
#7
Kyu-Sup Cho, Seong Heon Kim, Sung-Lyong Hong, Jaeyoung Lee, Sue Jean Mun, Young Eun Roh, Young Mi Kim, Hye-Young Kim
Background Although the cause of adenotonsillar hypertrophy remains unknown, some studies have shown that allergy may be a risk factor. Purpose This study determined the levels of allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) in the adenotonsillar tissues of children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy and evaluated the clinical significance of local atopy in adenotonsillar tissues. Methods We measured 21 types of specific immunoglobulin E in the serum and adenotonsillar tissues of 102 children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy and compared the sensitization patterns of the serum and local tissues...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644886/effects-of-a-thermosensitive-in-situ-gel-containing-mometasone-furoate-on-a-rat-allergic-rhinitis-model
#8
Ebru Altuntaş, Gülgün Yener, Remzi Doğan, Fadlullah Aksoy, Mehmet Şerif Aydın, Ersin Karataş
Background Mometasone furoate, one of the second generation intranasal corticosteroids, is currently used in suspension form due to its poor solubility. However, this is not favorable for nasal application because of the rapid elimination of the instilled drug from the nasal cavity by mucociliary clearance and delayed onset of action due to the slow dissolution of drug in suspension. Objective The aim of this study was to determine the antiallergic effects of mucoadhesive thermosensitive in situ gel containing mometasone furoate that we developed previously to prolong the contact between the drug and nasal mucosa and to prevent drainage of the formulation in an ovalbumin-induced rat model of allergic rhinitis...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644866/diagnostic-accuracy-of-symptoms-endoscopy-and-imaging-signs-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis-without-nasal-polyps-compared-to-allergic-rhinitis
#9
A Koskinen, J Numminen, A Markkola, J Karjalainen, T Karstila, M Seppälä, A Julkunen, R Lemmetyinen, J Pekkanen, M Rautiainen, P Dastidar, M Hytönen, S Toppila-Salmi
Objectives The diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps (CRSsNP) and distinguishing it from allergic rhinitis is difficult. Yet, early detection of CRSsNP is important to prevent progressive and severe chronic rhinosinusitis. Our aim was to compare diagnostic accuracy of symptoms, endoscopy, and imaging signs of CRSsNP and allergic rhinitis -only phenotypes. Setting Prospective controlled follow-up study. Participants Forty-two nonsmoking patients visiting tertiary care due to CRSsNP and 19 nonsmoking volunteer controls with allergic rhinitis filled a symptoms questionnaire and underwent nasal endoscopy off-seasonally...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644714/design-synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-2-substituted-2-3-4-9-tetrahydrospiro-%C3%AE-carboline-3-carboxylic-acid-derivatives-as-first-in-class-mast-cell-stabilizers
#10
Jatinder Singh, Ramanpreet Shah, Dhandeep Singh, Amteshwar S Jaggi, Nirmal Singh
Mast cell degranulation plays a momentous role in myriad diseases like asthma, eczema, allergic rhinitis, and conjunctivitis as well as anaphylactic shock; hence, there is an unmet need for developing new mast cells stabilizers. The reported mast cell stabilizers have a heterocyclic moiety and an acidic group. Furthermore, the role of tryptophan in suppression of mast cell activation is established. Hence, we prepared constrained analogs of tryptophan, which are derivatives of 2,3,4,9-tetrahydrospiro-β-carboline-3-carboxylic acid, and evaluated them for ex vivo inhibition of compound 48/80-induced mast degranulation activity...
April 12, 2018: Archiv der Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642713/house-dust-mite-sublingual-immunotherapy-for-pediatric-patients-with-allergic-asthma
#11
Jessika R Richards, Janice L Stumpf
OBJECTIVE: To review the published literature evaluating administration of house dust mite (HDM) sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) in pediatric patients with allergic asthma. DATA SOURCES: PubMed database search (1966 to November 2017) using the search terms allergy, allergic rhinitis, asthma, allergic asthma, house dust mite, allergen immunotherapy, subcutaneous immunotherapy, sublingual immunotherapy, MK-8237, children, and pediatric. Package labeling and references from identified articles were also reviewed...
April 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630100/effect-of-ifn-%C3%AE-2-on-combined-allergic-rhinitis-with-nasal-polyps
#12
Y-T Wang, H Wang, F-L Wang, X-M Qian, S-F Zhuang, M-X Yang, C-X Liu
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to investigate the expression of interferon-λ2 (IFN-λ2) in patients with combined allergic rhinitis and nasal polyps (AR+NP), analyze the correlation between IFN-λ2 and tryptase, interleukin 10 (IL-10), and interleukin 12 (IL-12), and identify its peripheral blood cell origins. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ELISA kits were used to investigate plasma levels of IFN-λ2, tryptase, IL-10, and IL-12 in AR+NP patients and healthy controls (HC)...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629956/what-you-should-not-miss-from-the-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses-on-allergen-specific-immunotherapy-in-2017
#13
Désirée Larenas-Linnemann, Jorge A Luna-Pech
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Allergen immunotherapy (AIT) is a well recognized and extensively studied therapeutic intervention for some allergic diseases. Every year new systematic reviews and meta-analysis provide the most powerful source of evidence to orient decision making on prevention or efficacy of AIT. We here discuss systematic reviews and meta-analyses on AIT (published January 2017 to February 2018). RECENT FINDINGS: We identified 4 systematic reviews and 10 meta-analyses...
April 6, 2018: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628376/childhood-predictors-of-lung-function-trajectories-and-future-copd-risk-a-prospective-cohort-study-from-the-first-to-the-sixth-decade-of-life
#14
Dinh S Bui, Caroline J Lodge, John A Burgess, Adrian J Lowe, Jennifer Perret, Minh Q Bui, Gayan Bowatte, Lyle Gurrin, David P Johns, Bruce R Thompson, Garun S Hamilton, Peter A Frith, Alan L James, Paul S Thomas, Deborah Jarvis, Cecilie Svanes, Melissa Russell, Stephen C Morrison, Iain Feather, Katrina J Allen, Richard Wood-Baker, John Hopper, Graham G Giles, Michael J Abramson, Eugene H Walters, Melanie C Matheson, Shyamali C Dharmage
BACKGROUND: Lifetime lung function is related to quality of life and longevity. Over the lifespan, individuals follow different lung function trajectories. Identification of these trajectories, their determinants, and outcomes is important, but no study has done this beyond the fourth decade. METHODS: We used six waves of the Tasmanian Longitudinal Health Study (TAHS) to model lung function trajectories measured at 7, 13, 18, 45, 50, and 53 years. We analysed pre-bronchodilator FEV1 z-scores at the six timepoints using group-based trajectory modelling to identify distinct subgroups of individuals whose measurements followed a similar pattern over time...
April 5, 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626629/the-burden-of-allergic-rhinitis-and-allergic-rhinoconjunctivitis-on-adolescents-a-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Michael S Blaiss, Eva Hammerby, Susan Robinson, Tessa Kennedy-Martin, Sarah Buchs
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the literature regarding the burden of allergic rhinitis (AR) and allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (ARC) in adolescents (10-19 years). DATA SOURCES: Searches were performed in MEDLINE, Embase, Health Technology Assessment Database, and National Health Service Economic Evaluation Database for studies evaluating concepts of symptoms, quality of life (QOL), daily activities, sleep, examination performance, school absenteeism and presenteeism, and treatment burden in adolescents with AR or ARC...
April 4, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624710/nasal-hyperreactivity-in-rhinitis-a-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-challenge
#16
REVIEW
Laura Van Gerven, Brecht Steelant, Peter W Hellings
Although nasal hyperreactivity (NHR) is a common feature in patients suffering from allergic and non-allergic rhinitis, it is widely neglected during history taking, underdiagnosed in the majority of patients with rhinitis and rhinosinusitis, not considered as an outcome parameter in clinical trials on novel treatments for rhinitis and rhinosinusitis, and no target for routine treatment. In contrast to the simple nature of diagnosing NHR by a history of nasal symptoms induced by non-specific exogenous and/or endogenous triggers, quantification is hardly performed in routine clinic given the lack of a simple tool for its diagnosis...
April 6, 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620295/-place-of-immunotherapy-in-allergic-asthma
#17
Ophélie Marchal, Daniele Allali
Desensitization for pneumallergens is used in daily practice for the treatment of allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma. However, specific immunotherapy has long been debated in the medical literature as a treatment for allergic asthma until the latest international recommendations for the management of asthma (GINA) reveal specific immunotherapy as a treatment in sensitized patients, poorly controlled by inhaled corticosteroids (FEV 1 > 70%). In this article you will find a current overview of the medical literature on the usefulness of specific desensitization to reduce asthma symptoms and symptomatic treatments, prevent the onset of asthma in patients with allergic rhinitis as well as prevent new sensitizations...
April 4, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620294/-seasonal-allergic-rhinitis
#18
Igor Salvadé, Laura Moi, Camillo Ribi, François Spertini
Allergic diseases are currently amongst the most frequent diseases of our time. Of all the allergies in the Western countries, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis is the most common. Its diagnosis is based mainly on the history and the correlation between symptoms and contact with the allergen. A step-by-step approach helps optimize diagnostic resources and minimize costs.
April 4, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619134/type-b-adverse-drug-reactions-reported-by-an-immunoallergology-department
#19
Maria J Costa, Maria T Herdeiro, Jorge J Polónia, Inês Ribeiro-Vaz, Cármen Botelho, Eunice Castro, Josefina Cernadas
Objective: Characterization of the adverse drug reactions (ADR) reported by the immunoallergology department (IAD), Centro Hospitalar de São João (Porto), to the Northern Pharmacovigilance Centre (NPC). Methods: An observational, descriptive and retrospective study was conducted, based in a spontaneous report system. Participants were all the patients from the IAD, with suspected ADR, reported to NPC by specialists after the study was completed. Results: Studied population had a median age of 41 years, with the predominance of the female gender (73...
January 2018: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619104/the-role-of-the-level-of-interleukin-33-in-the-therapeutic-outcomes-of-immunotherapy-in-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis
#20
Wail Fayez Nasr, Samir Sorour Sorour, Atef Taha El Bahrawy, Ghada Samir Boghdadi, Alia A El Shahaway
Introduction  Allergic rhinitis (AR) affects up to 40% of the population and results in nasal itching, congestion, sneezing, and clear rhinorrhea. Objectives  This study aimed to evaluate the changes in the clinical symptoms and in the level of serum interleukin (IL)-33 before and after pollen immunotherapy (IT) in patients with AR. Methods  The total symptom score and the levels of total immunoglobulin E (IgE) and IL-33 were determined in the serum of 10 non-allergic healthy controls and 45 patients with AR who were equally divided into 3 groups: GI (patients did not receive IT), GII (patients had received IT for 6 months) and GIII (patients had received IT for 2 years)...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
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