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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932177/cardiac-tamponade-due-to-suprahepatic-surgical-exploration-in-liver-retransplantation-a-case-report
#1
M S Chae, Y K Jeon, D G Kim, G H Na, Y S Yi, C S Park
BACKGROUND: Cardiac tamponade is an emergency condition that requires early recognition and prompt pericardial decompression. Little has been reported on cardiac tamponade in liver retransplantation (reLT), but most cases are fatal. We managed a case of reLT complicated by accidental cardiac tamponade. CASE REPORT: A 59-year-old man underwent an emergency reLT because of liver cirrhosis with recurrent hepatitis B. During the dissection, suprahepatic exploration was attempted, but this resulted in severe hemorrhage because of the many tissue adhesions...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896133/genital-self-mutilation-case-in-high-level-educated-person
#2
Musab Ilgi, Cemil Kutsal, Elshad Abdullayev, Emre Aykanlı, Sinan Levent Kirecci
Self-mutilation is the deliberate direct injuring of body tissue, often done without suicidal intention. Genital self-mutilation is a very rare event and self-harm of the penis, especially in the genital system is exceedingly rare. Generally, this kind of behavior is related to psychotic disorders but can sometimes be seen in non-psychotic people due to bizarre autoerotic acts, a desire for to change sex or religious beliefs that view sexual intercourse as a sin. Our case was the reported genital self-mutilation as a result of the bizarre sexual arousal of a young man who is employed as an architect...
January 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878308/-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-unusual-cutaneous-manifestations
#3
REVIEW
T Stockinger, L Richter, M Kanzler, M Melichart-Kotik, H Pas, K Derfler, E Schmidt, K Rappersberger
BACKGROUND: Various different mucocutaneous symptoms may affect up to 80 % of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. OBJECTIVES: To investigate, various unspecific, but otherwise typical clinical symptoms of skin and mucous membranes that arise in SLE patients other than those defined as SLE criteria such as butterfly rash, chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus, oral ulcers, and increased photosensitivity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Extensive search of peer-reviewed scientific articles was performed, medical histories of several SLE patients seen in our department were analyzed, and the rare disease courses in three SLE patients are presented...
December 2016: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870472/nodular-sclerosis-classical-hodgkin-lymphoma-grade-2-a-diagnostic-challenge-to-the-cytopathologists
#4
Sudha Sharma, Pranab Dey, Suvradeep Mitra, Arvind Rajwanshi, Raje Nijhawan, Radhika Srinivasan, Nalini Gupta, Ashim Das
BACKGROUND: Grade 2 nodular sclerosis classical Hodgkin lymphoma (NSCHL) is less common than grade 1 lymphoma and has a worse overall prognosis. To the best of the authors' knowledge, no study of a large series of cases has been performed until now. The objective of this study was to assess the diagnostic efficacy of cytology for grade 2 NSCHL versus grade 1 NSCHL and study the morphological features of grade 2 NSCHL in fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). METHODS: Fifteen of 51 histopathology-proven cases of NSCHL (18 FNAC procedures) were grade 2, and 36 were grade 1...
November 21, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864989/the-mitosis-specific-marker-phosphohistone-h3-phh3-is-an-independent-prognosticator-in-uterine-smooth-muscle-tumors-an-outcome-based-study
#5
Kin-Long Chow, Ka-Yu Tse, Ching-Lung Cheung, Ka-Wing Wong, Annie N Y Cheung, Richard W C Wong, Alice N H Chan, Nancy W F Yuen, Hextan Y S Ngan, Philip P C Ip
: Accurate mitosis-counting, which is important in the diagnosis of uterine smooth muscle tumors (USMT), is often difficult and subjective. The mitosis-specific immunohistochemical marker phosphohistone H3 (PHH3) has been shown to be diagnostically useful but its expression, in relation to outcome, has not been thoroughly investigated. AIMS AND METHODS: PHH3 expression was evaluated on 55 leiomyosarcomas (LMSs), 26 smooth muscle tumors of uncertain malignant potential (STUMPs), 18 leiomyomas with bizarre nuclei (LBNs) and 12 leiomyomas (LMs)...
November 16, 2016: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859302/secondary-distinctiveness-effects-orthographic-distinctiveness-and%C3%A2-bizarreness-effects-make-independent-contributions-to-memory-performance
#6
Yannick Gounden, Fabien Cerroti, Serge Nicolas
The secondary distinctiveness effect means that items that are unusual compared to one's general knowledge stored in permanent memory are remembered better than common items. This research studied two forms of secondary-distinctiveness-based effects in conjunction: the bizarreness effect and the orthographic distinctiveness (OD) effect. More specifically, an experiment investigated in young adults a possible additive effect of bizarreness and OD effects in free recall performance. Results revealed that in young adults these two secondary-distinctiveness-based effects appear to be largely independent and can complement each other to enhance performance...
November 15, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846102/study-on-the-effects-of-individualized-learning-therapy-on-cognitive-function-and-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-in-the-institutionalized-older-adults
#7
Hsiao-Mei Chen, Li-Jane Tsai, Shu-Yuan Chao, Mary Jo Clark
BACKGROUND: The increasing number of elderly people affected by dementia in Taiwan has made dementia care a crucial issue of concern. This issue is particularly important in terms of the proper management of behavioral symptoms and improvement of the cognitive functions of those affected by this disease. PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of individualized learning therapy on cognition and neuropsychiatric symptoms among elderly people with dementia. METHODS: A quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest research design was adopted...
December 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845321/-syndrome-of-%C3%A2-delusional-fantasies%C3%A2-in-the-concept-of-k-birnbaum
#8
N Yu Pyatnitsky
The author analyzes the features of the syndrome of «delusional fantasies» (delusion-like fantasies) in the concept of K. Birnbaum. According to this concept, psychopathic constitutions, due to the presence in the structure of dissociation, are the basis for the development of delusions per se. «Dreamer» and «vershroben» types are predisposed to the syndrome of «delusional fantasies». It is emphasized that initially the syndrome of «delusional fantasies» was described as a peculiar phasic episode of delusions in psychopaths, aged between 20-30 years...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843543/presumptive-case-of-sparganosis-manifesting-as-a-hepatic-mass-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Gyeong Deok Jo, Jae Young Lee, Sung-Tae Hong, Jung Hoon Kim, Joon Koo Han
A 60-year-old man was admitted due to rectosigmoid colon cancer, and a hepatic mass was incidentally found during the staging work-up. The mass appeared cystic with a thick wall and contained multiple bizarre cord-like structures on ultrasound, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. The differential diagnoses included organizing abscess/hematoma, foreign body granuloma and parasite infestation. Serologic study revealed anti-sparganum antibodies. Over 4-year follow-up, the patient did not complain of symptoms, and no changes in the characteristics of the liver mass were observed...
October 28, 2016: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832840/the-psychosis-spectrum-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-is-comparable-to-that-of-nondeleted-youths
#10
Sunny X Tang, Tyler M Moore, Monica E Calkins, James J Yi, Adam Savitt, Christian G Kohler, Margaret C Souders, Elaine H Zackai, Donna M McDonald-McGinn, Beverly S Emanuel, Ruben C Gur, Raquel E Gur
BACKGROUND: Chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is a promising model for studying psychosis risk. Direct comparisons of psychosis features between 22q11DS and nondeleted (ND) individuals are limited by inconsistency and small samples. In the largest study to date, we compare 22q11DS to ND in comorbidities, functioning, cognition, and psychosis features across the full range of overall severity. METHODS: ND youths (n = 150) ages 9 to 24 years were matched to 22q11DS individuals (n = 150) on age and sex, stratifying for presence of psychosis-spectrum disorder...
September 8, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831542/a-late-cretaceous-diversification-of-asian-oviraptorid-dinosaurs-evidence-from-a-new-species-preserved-in-an-unusual-posture
#11
Junchang Lü, Rongjun Chen, Stephen L Brusatte, Yangxiao Zhu, Caizhi Shen
Oviraptorosaurs are a bizarre group of bird-like theropod dinosaurs, the derived forms of which have shortened, toothless skulls, and which diverged from close relatives by developing peculiar feeding adaptations. Although once among the most mysterious of dinosaurs, oviraptorosaurs are becoming better understood with the discovery of many new fossils in Asia and North America. The Ganzhou area of southern China is emerging as a hotspot of oviraptorosaur discoveries, as over the past half decade five new monotypic genera have been found in the latest Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) deposits of this region...
November 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822947/acquired-bilateral-dyspigmentation-on-face-and-neck-clinically-appropriate-approaches
#12
You Jin Lee, Ji Hye Park, Dong Youn Lee, Jong Hee Lee
Facial dyspigmentation in Asian women often poses diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Recently, a distinctive bilateral hyperpigmentation of face and neck has occasionally been observed. This study was performed to investigate the clinico-pathological features of this dyspigmentation as well as proper treatment approaches. We retrospectively investigated the medical records including photographs, routine laboratory tests, histopathologic studies of both lesional and peri-lesional normal skin and patch test of thirty-one patients presented acquired bizarre hyperpigmentation on face and neck...
December 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790150/excited-delirium-and-sudden-death-a-syndromal-disorder-at-the-extreme-end-of-the-neuropsychiatric-continuum
#13
REVIEW
Deborah C Mash
Over the past decade, the excited delirium syndrome (ExDS) has raised continued controversy regarding the cause and manner of death of some highly agitated persons held in police custody, restrained or incapacitated by electrical devices. At autopsy, medical examiners have difficulty in identifying an anatomic cause of death, but frequently cite psychostimulant intoxication as a contributing factor. The characteristic symptoms of ExDS include bizarre and aggressive behavior, shouting, paranoia, panic, violence toward others, unexpected physical strength, and hyperthermia...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788194/the-relationship-between-symptom-severity-and-low-vitamin-d-levels-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#14
Süheyla Doğan Bulut, Serdar Bulut, Dicle Görkem Atalan, Tonguç Berkol, Eda Gürçay, Türker Türker, Çiğdem Aydemir
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the relationship between schizophrenia and environmental factors has come into prominence. This study investigated the relationship between vitamin D levels and the positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia by comparing vitamin D levels between patients with schizophrenia and a healthy control group. METHODS: The study included 80 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and 74 age- and sex-matched controls. The Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS) and the Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) were used to evaluate symptom severity...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765664/differentiation-of-pernicious-anemia-from-thrombotic-thrombocytopenic-purpura-the-clinical-value-of-subtle-pathologic-findings
#15
Daniel W Abbott, Kenneth D Friedman, Matthew S Karafin
BACKGROUND: Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a microangiopathic hemolytic anemia that requires emergent treatment with plasma exchange and is one of the most important conditions for which apheresis service professionals are consulted. Careful interpretation of initial laboratory values and the peripheral blood smear is a critical first step to determining the need for plasma exchange because other conditions can show deceptively similar red cell morphology, and ADAMTS13 levels are often not rapidly available...
September 28, 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739210/bizarre-eye-movements-in-a-newborn
#16
Thomas Forbes, Atul Malhotra, Michael Fahey, Chris Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739197/bizarre-eye-movements-in-a-newborn
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719845/psychogenic-functional-parkinsonism
#18
M A Thenganatt, J Jankovic
Psychogenic parkinsonism (PP), although often quite disabling, is one of the least commonly reported subtypes of psychogenic movement disorders. There are certain features that help distinguish PP from idiopathic Parkinson's disease, such as abrupt onset, early disability, bilateral shaking and slowness, nondecremental slowness when performing repetitive movements, voluntary resistance against passive movement without cogwheel rigidity, distractibility, "give-way" weakness, stuttering speech, bizarre gait, and a variety of behavioral symptoms...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719837/assessment-of-patients-with-functional-neurologic-disorders
#19
A Carson, M Hallett, J Stone
We describe an overall approach and structure to the clinical assessment of the patient with a functional neurologic disorder. Whilst the primary purpose of the assessment is to make a diagnosis and develop a treatment plan, we believe the assessment also plays a key role in treatment in its own right, as it sets a tone and context for future clinical interactions. We aim to set up an atmosphere of collaboration based on taking the patient's problems seriously, and emphasizing that all facets of the patient's presentation - physical, psychologic, and social - are of importance...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712799/adult-brain-tumors-and-pseudotumors-interesting-bizarre-cases
#20
Lazaro D Causil, Romy Ames, Paulo Puac, Mauricio Castillo
Some brain tumors results are interesting due to their rarity at presentation and overwhelming imaging characteristics, posing a diagnostic challenge in the eyes of any experienced neuroradiologist. This article focuses on the most important features regarding epidemiology, location, clinical presentation, histopathology, and imaging findings of cases considered "bizarre." A review of the most recent literature dealing with these unusual tumors and pseudotumors is presented, highlighting key points related to the diagnosis, treatments, outcomes, and differential diagnosis...
November 2016: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America
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