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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732305/association-between-gaseous-air-pollutants-and-inflammatory-hemostatic-and-lipid-markers-in-a-cohort-of-midlife-women
#1
Xiangmei May Wu, Rupa Basu, Brian Malig, Rachel Broadwin, Keita Ebisu, Ellen B Gold, Lihong Qi, Carol Derby, Rochelle S Green
BACKGROUND: Exposures to ambient gaseous pollutants have been linked to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), but the biological mechanisms remain uncertain. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the changes in CVD marker levels resulting from elevated exposure to ambient gaseous pollutants in midlife women. METHODS: Annual repeated measurements of several inflammatory, hemostatic and lipid makers were obtained from 2306 midlife women enrolled in the longitudinal Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN) between 1999 and 2004...
July 18, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732113/cover-image-volume-114-number-9-september-2017
#2
Scott C Pierobon, Jason Riordon, Brian Nguyen, Matthew D Ooms, David Sinton
Cover Legend The cover image, by Scott C. Pierobon et al., is based on the Article Periodic harvesting of microalgae from calcium alginate hydrogels for sustained high-density production, DOI: 10.1002/bit.26325.
September 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731768/self-organized-velocity-pulses-of-dense-colloidal-suspensions-in-microchannel-flow
#3
Philipp Kanehl, Holger Stark
We present a numerical study of dense colloidal suspensions in a pressure-driven microchannel flow in two dimensions. The colloids are modeled as elastic and frictional spheres suspended in a Newtonian fluid, which we simulate using the method of multiparticle collision dynamics. The model reproduces periodic velocity and density pulse trains, traveling upstream in the microchannel, which are found in experiments conducted by Isa et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 058302 (2009)PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett...
July 7, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731315/hypocholesterolemic-activity-of-cornelian-cherry-cornus-mas-l-fruits
#4
Fatemeh Hosseinpour, Tahoora Shomali, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei
Background Lipid profile disturbances are important risk factors for cardiovascular events in patients with diabetes mellitus and finding safe and multifaceted agents is persuaded in this regard. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of cornelian cherry dried powder (CCDP) on serum lipid profile as well as liver antioxidant capacity, HMG-CoA reductase level and activity, and LDL receptor level in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Methods Forty-eight male adult Wistar rats were randomly allocated into eight equal groups and were treated for 4 weeks as follows: negative control (normal rats, basic diet); positive control (diabetic rats, basic diet), T1 to T4 groups: diabetic rats fed with basic diet containing 0...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731274/synthesis-and-characterization-of-2-2-dinitramino-5-5-bi-1-oxa-3-4-diazole-and-derivatives-as-economic-and-highly-dense-energetic-materials
#5
Tobias S Hermann, Konstantin Karaghiosoff, Thomas M Klapötke, Jörg Stierstorfer
2,2'-Dinitramino-5,5'-bi(1-oxa-3,4-diazole) (2) is a new highly energetic material with superior calculated detonation performance in comparison to cyclo-1,3,5-trimethylene-2,4,6-trinitramine (RDX) and penta-erythritoltetranitrate (PETN) and can be prepared by an economical and practical two-step synthesis. The starting material 2,2'-diamino-5,5'-bi(1-oxa-3,4-diazole) (1) is synthesized by the reaction of oxalyl dihydrazide with cyanogen bromide. Nitration of 1 yields the title compound in perfect yield and purity...
July 21, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730734/efficacy-and-safety-of-sugarcane-policosanol-on-dyslipidemia-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
Jing Gong, Xin Qin, Fen Yuan, Meilin Hu, Guang Chen, Ke Fang, Dingkun Wang, Shujun Jiang, Jingbin Li, Yan Zhao, Zhaoyi Huang, Hui Dong, Fuer Lu
SCOPE: This study aimed to systematically investigate whether sugarcane policosanol was effective and safe on dyslipidemia. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 11 databases including the PubMed, Web of science, Embase, Scopus, the Cochrane library and SinoMed databases were searched for available studies investigating the effects of policosanol on dyslipidemia. A total of 22 studies including 1886 subjects were included in the analysis. The pooled results showed that compared with placebo, sugarcane policosanol could significantly reduce total cholesterol (TC, 95% CI: -0...
July 20, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729361/cetp-cholesteryl-ester-transfer-protein-inhibition-with-anacetrapib-decreases-production-of-lipoprotein-a-in-mildly-hypercholesterolemic-subjects
#7
Tiffany Thomas, Haihong Zhou, Wahida Karmally, Rajasekhar Ramakrishnan, Stephen Holleran, Yang Liu, Patricia Jumes, John A Wagner, Brian Hubbard, Stephen F Previs, Thomas Roddy, Amy O Johnson-Levonas, David E Gutstein, Santica M Marcovina, Daniel J Rader, Henry N Ginsberg, John S Millar, Gissette Reyes-Soffer
OBJECTIVE: Lp(a) [lipoprotein (a)] is composed of apoB (apolipoprotein B) and apo(a) [apolipoprotein (a)] and is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and aortic stenosis. In clinical trials, anacetrapib, a CETP (cholesteryl ester transfer protein) inhibitor, causes significant reductions in plasma Lp(a) levels. We conducted an exploratory study to examine the mechanism for Lp(a) lowering by anacetrapib. APPROACH AND RESULTS: We enrolled 39 participants in a fixed-sequence, double-blind study of the effects of anacetrapib on the metabolism of apoB and high-density lipoproteins...
July 20, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728958/effectiveness-of-resistance-exercise-compared-to-aerobic-exercise-without-insulin-therapy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Cybelle Nery, Silvia Regina Arruda De Moraes, Karyne Albino Novaes, Márcio Almeida Bezerra, Patrícia Verçoza De Castro Silveira, Andrea Lemos
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise has been used to mitigate the metabolic effects of diabetes mellitus. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of resistance exercise when compared to aerobic exercise without insulin therapy on metabolic and clinical outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Papers were searched on the databases MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, LILACS, and SCIELO, without language or date of publication limits...
July 5, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728929/an-evaporation-assisted-dispersive-liquid-liquid-microextraction-technique-as-a-simple-tool-for-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-determination-of-insecticides-in-wine
#9
Irina Timofeeva, Daria Kanashina, Leonid Moskvin, Andrey Bulatov
A sample pre-treatment technique based on evaporation-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (EVA-DLLME), followed by HPLC-MS/MS has been developed for the determination of organophosphate insecticides (malathion, diazinon, phosalone) in wine samples. The procedure includes the addition of mixture of organic solvents (with density higher than water), consisting of the extraction (low density) and volatile (high density) solvents, to aqueous sample followed by heating of the mixture obtained, what promotes the volatile solvent evaporation and moving extraction solvent droplets from down to top of the aqueous sample and, as a consequence, microextraction of target analytes...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728486/relationship-between-neck-circumference-insulin-resistance-and-arterial-stiffness-in-overweight-and-obese-subjects
#10
Francesco Fantin, Gabriele Comellato, Andrea P Rossi, Elisa Grison, Elena Zoico, Gloria Mazzali, Mauro Zamboni
Background Only a few studies have investigated the relationship between neck circumference and cardiometabolic risk. The aim of this study was to assess the relationships between neck circumference, waist circumference, metabolic variables and arterial stiffness in a group of overweight and obese subjects evaluating a possible independent role of neck circumference in determining arterial stiffness. Methods and results We studied 95 subjects (53 women) with an age range of 20-77 years and body mass index range from 25...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728298/-the-prognostic-analysis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-based-on-the-tumor-neo-vessels-macrophages-and-%C3%AE-sma-in-tumor-microenvironment
#11
M Fang, J P Yuan, L L Liu, G P Cheng, H J Ying, Y M Chen, M Chen
Objective: To analyze the quantitative expression and prognostic significance of tumor neo-vessels, macrophages and fibroblasts in tumor microenvironment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: The clinic-pathological features and tissue samples for 101 HCC cases were collected. Immunohistochemistry was used to stain the tumor neo-vessels, macrophages and fibroblasts on tumor tissue. The distribution results and quantitative data of above key components were acquired by inverted microscopy equipped with CRi Nuance multispectral analysis system...
July 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727943/the-genetic-background-of-metabolic-trait-clusters-in-children-and-adolescents
#12
Karri Silventoinen, Élvio Gouveia, Aline Jelenkovic, José Maia, António M Antunes, Miguel A A Pinheiro de Carvalho, António M Brehm, Martine Thomis, Johan Lefevre, Jaakko Kaprio, Duarte Freitas
BACKGROUND: It is well known that metabolic risk factors of cardiovascular diseases are correlated, but the background of this clustering in children is more poorly known than in adults. Thus, we studied the contribution of genetic and environmental factors to the clustering of metabolic traits in childhood and adolescence. DATA AND METHODS: Nine metabolic traits were measured in 214 complete twin pairs aged 3-18 years in the Autonomous Region of Madeira, Portugal, in 2007 and 2008...
July 20, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727806/genocore-a-simple-and-fast-algorithm-for-core-subset-selection-from-large-genotype-datasets
#13
Seongmun Jeong, Jae-Yoon Kim, Soon-Chun Jeong, Sung-Taeg Kang, Jung-Kyung Moon, Namshin Kim
Selecting core subsets from plant genotype datasets is important for enhancing cost-effectiveness and to shorten the time required for analyses of genome-wide association studies (GWAS), and genomics-assisted breeding of crop species, etc. Recently, a large number of genetic markers (>100,000 single nucleotide polymorphisms) have been identified from high-density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays and next-generation sequencing (NGS) data. However, there is no software available for picking out the efficient and consistent core subset from such a huge dataset...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727047/a-diet-supplemented-with-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-influences-the-metabomscic-and-endocrine-response-of-rabbit-does-and-their-offspring
#14
M Rodríguez, R M García-García, M Arias-Álvarez, N Formoso-Rafferty, P Millán, J López-Tello, P L Lorenzo, A González-Bulnes, P G Rebollar
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the productive, endocrine, and metabomscic responses as well as oxidative stress of rabbit does and their offspring when fed a diet supplemented with -3 PUFA during their first productive cycle. To this aim, a total of 105 rabbit does were fed ad mscibitum from d 60 to 172 of age 2 isoenergetic and isoproteic diets differing in fatty acid composition. The control diet ( = 52 does) contained 45.9 g/kg of -3 of the total fatty acids and the enriched diet ( = 53 does) contained 149...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726876/bioceramic-nanocomposite-thiol-acrylate-polyhipe-scaffolds-for-enhanced-osteoblastic-cell-culture-in-3d
#15
Aaron Lee, Caitlin R Langford, Luis M Rodriguez-Lorenzo, Helmut Thissen, Neil R Cameron
Emulsion-templated (polyHIPE) scaffolds for bone tissue engineering were produced by photopolymerisation of a mixture of trimethylolpropane tris(3-mercaptopropionate) and dipentaerythritol penta-/hexa-acrylate in the presence of hydroxyapatite (HA) or strontium-modified hydroxyapatite (SrHA) nanoparticles. Porous and permeable polyHIPE materials were produced regardless of the type or incorporation level of the bioceramic, although higher loadings resulted in a larger average pore diameter. Inclusion of HA and SrHA into the scaffolds was confirmed by EDX-SEM, FTIR and XPS and quantified by thermogravimetry...
July 20, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726527/the-comparison-and-estimation-of-the-prognostic-value-of-lipid-profiles-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer-depends-on-cancer-stage-advancement
#16
Edyta Idalia Wolny-Rokicka, Andrzej Tukiendorf, Jerzy Wydmański, Agnieszka Zembroń-Łacny
Lipid profiles and prostate cancer have a controversial relationship, and the predictive ability of lipids in determining cancer risk estimation is still questionable. This study demonstrates a significance assessment of the plasma lipid profiles of subjects with prostate cancer. Locoregional subjects irradiated with external beam therapy were compared to prostate cancer subjects with bone metastases. The histopathologic diagnosis of 103 subjects (71 locoregional [Group 1] and 32 palliative [Group 2]) were analyzed and compared using their blood samples, total cholesterol (CHL), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725940/construction-of-the-first-high-density-genetic-linkage-map-and-analysis-of-quantitative-trait-loci-for-growth-related-traits-in-sinonovacula-constricta
#17
Donghong Niu, Yunchao Du, Ze Wang, Shumei Xie, Haideng Nguyen, Zhiguo Dong, Heding Shen, Jiale Li
The razor clam (Sinonovacula constricta) is an important aquaculture species, for which a high-density genetic linkage map would play an important role in marker-assisted selection (MAS). In this study, we constructed a high-density genetic map and detected quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for Sinonovacula constricta with an F1 cross population by using the specific locus amplified fragment sequencing (SLAF-seq) method. A total of 315,553 SLAF markers out of 467.71 Mreads were developed. The final linkage map was composed of 7516 SLAFs (156...
July 19, 2017: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725902/impact-of-grape-pomace-consumption-on-the-blood-lipid-profile-and-liver-genes-associated-with-lipid-metabolism-of-young-rats
#18
Jianmei Yu, Rishipal R Bansode, Ivy N Smith, Steven L Hurley
Herein, we investigated the effects of grape pomace (GP) in diet on body weight, blood lipid profile, and expression of liver genes associated with lipid metabolism using a young rat model. In this study, twenty female Sprague-Dawley rats at 7 weeks of age were randomly divided into 4 groups, which were fed modified AIN-93G diets containing 0% (control), 6.9%, 13.8%, and 20.7% of GP for 10 weeks. Feed consumption and body weight were weekly determined. Blood samples were obtained at the beginning and end of the feeding period for cholesterol, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and glucose analysis...
July 20, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725448/differential-prevalence-and-associations-of-overweight-and-obesity-by-gender-and-population-group-among-school-learners-in-south-africa-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Sarah Negash, Charles Agyemang, Tandi E Matsha, Nasheeta Peer, Rajiv T Erasmus, Andre P Kengne
BACKGROUND: Factors influencing the increasing prevalence of overweight/obesity among children and adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa remain unclear. We assessed the prevalence and determinants of overweight and obesity and effects on cardio-metabolic profile in school learners in the Western Cape, South Africa. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected from 7 to 18-year-old South African school learners attending 14 schools, randomly selected from 107 government schools in the areas...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725318/detection-of-apolipoprotein-e-gene-polymorphism-and-blood-lipid-level-in-hemodialysis-patients
#20
Yuxin Wang, Ning Wang, Yuanshan Lu, Qing Yu, Lina Zhou, Qinjun Xu
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the clinical characteristics of lipid metabolism and the effect of apolipoprotein E (ApoE) gene polymorphism on lipid metabolism in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: The serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC), ApoA1, ApoB, ApoE and lipoprotein Lp(a) were detected by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length (PCR-RFLP)...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
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