Read by QxMD icon Read


Yuhong Chen, Chenyang Ji, Biying Wu, Weiqiang Liang, Jinming Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the application of MEDPOR surgical implant in modified penile elongation. METHODS: The suspensory ligaments were divided, and cavernous bodies of crus were partially mobilized, so as to release part of the cavernous bodies from inferior ramus of pubis. Then, the penis was elongated sufficiently. MEDPOR surgical implants (MEDPOR; high-density porous polyethylene, Howmedica Osteonics Corp. Newnan, Ga) were inserted between the cavernous bodies and pubic symphysis...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Christine H Stortini, Denis Chabot, Nancy L Shackell
We have learned much about the impacts of warming on the productivity and distribution of marine organisms, but less about the impact of warming combined with other environmental stressors, including oxygen depletion. Also, the combined impact of multiple environmental stressors requires evaluation at the scales most relevant to resource managers. We use the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada, characterized by a large permanently hypoxic zone, as a case study. Species Distribution Models were used to predict the impact of multiple scenarios of warming and oxygen depletion on the local density of three commercially and ecologically important species...
October 18, 2016: Global Change Biology
Sae Young Jae, Sudhir Kurl, Barry A Franklin, Jari A Laukkanen
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether long-term changes in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) predict the risk of incident hypertension, independent of risk factors, in initially normotensive men. METHODS: This prospective study from the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease Study included 431 male participants without hypertension who underwent symptom-limited maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing at baseline and during a second examination, 11-years later, who were re-evaluated for hypertension at 20-year follow-up...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
Pál Czobor, Brigitta Kakuszi, Kornél Németh, Livia Balogh, Szilvia Papp, László Tombor, István Bitter
Deficits in error-processing are postulated in core symptoms of ADHD. Our goal was to investigate the neurophysiological basis of abnormal error-processing and adaptive adjustments in ADHD, and examine whether error-related alterations extend beyond traditional Regions of Interest (ROIs), particularly to those involved in adaptive adjustments, such as the Salience Network system. We obtained event-related potentials (ERPs) during a Go/NoGo task from 22 adult-ADHD patients and 29 matched healthy controls using a high-density 256-electrode array...
October 17, 2016: Brain Imaging and Behavior
Yoonjin Shin, Yangha Kim
The aim of this study was to investigate the association of CD36, a class B scavenger receptor, rs6969989 polymorphism with the serum lipid profiles in Korean women, together with their modulation by oily fish consumption. Subjects were participants from the Korean Genome Epidemiology Study (KoGES), which was initiated in 2001 as a large-scale. A total of 4,210 women aged 39 to 70 were included in this study. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires, anthropometric measurements, and blood chemical analysis...
September 2016: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
Hiroki Yokoyama, Mariko Oishi, Hiroshi Takamura, Katsuya Yamasaki, Shin-Ichiro Shirabe, Daigaku Uchida, Hidekatsu Sugimoto, Yoshio Kurihara, Shin-Ichi Araki, Hiroshi Maegawa
OBJECTIVE: The fact that population with type 2 diabetes mellitus and bodyweight of patients are increasing but diabetes care is improving makes it important to explore the up-to-date rates of achieving treatment targets and prevalence of complications. We investigated the prevalence of microvascular/macrovascular complications and rates of achieving treatment targets through a large-scale multicenter-based cohort. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional nationwide survey was performed on 9956 subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus who consecutively attended primary care clinics...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
Andres Roman-Urrestarazu, Faleh Mohamed Hussain Ali, Husein Reka, Matthew J Renwick, Gabriela D Roman, Elias Mossialos
AIMS: Understanding type 2 diabetes mellitus is critical for designing effective diabetes prevention policies in Qatar and the Middle East. METHODS: Using the Qatar 2012 WHO STEPwise approach to surveillance survey, a subsample of 1224 Qatari participants aged 18-64 years was selected. Subjects had their fasting blood glucose levels tested, had not been diagnosed with or treated for diabetes, had a fasting time >12 hours and were not pregnant. We applied a hypothesized structural equation model (SEM) to assess sociodemographic, behavioral, anthropometric and metabolic variables affecting persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
Farzaneh Karimi-Alavijeh, Saeed Jalili, Masoumeh Sadeghi
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome which underlies the increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease and Type 2 diabetes is considered as a group of metabolic abnormalities including central obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, glucose intolerance, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Recently, artificial intelligence based health-care systems are highly regarded because of its success in diagnosis, prediction, and choice of treatment. This study employs machine learning technics for predict the metabolic syndrome...
May 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Catherine Sautès-Fridman, Myriam Lawand, Nicolas A Giraldo, Hélène Kaplon, Claire Germain, Wolf Herman Fridman, Marie-Caroline Dieu-Nosjean
Tertiary lymphoid structures (TLS) are ectopic lymphoid aggregates that reflect lymphoid neogenesis occurring in tissues at sites of inflammation. They are detected in tumors where they orchestrate local and systemic anti-tumor responses. A correlation has been found between high densities of TLS and prolonged patient's survival in more than 10 different types of cancer. TLS can be regulated by the same set of chemokines and cytokines that orchestrate lymphoid organogenesis and by regulatory T cells. Thus, TLS offer a series of putative new targets that could be used to develop therapies aiming to increase the anti-tumor immune response...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
Kamal Awad, Peter Penson, Maciej Banach
Reduction of elevated cholesterol levels, particularly low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), is essential in primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Therefore there is still a large need for new effective drugs, which would be able to essentially reduce LDL-C and in the consequence CV residual risk. D-003 is a mixture of high aliphatic primary acids purified from sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) wax. It showed promising hypocholesterolemic effects in both animal and human studies; it significantly lowers both serum total cholesterol (TC) and LDL-C, and increases high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C)...
October 14, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Shigehisa Aoki, Yasuhisa Sakata, Ryo Shimoda, Toshiaki Takezawa, Ayumi Oshikata-Miyazaki, Hiromi Kimura, Mihoko Yamamoto, Ryuichi Iwakiri, Kazuma Fujimoto, Shuji Toda
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Extensive excision of the esophageal mucosa by endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) frequently evokes a luminal stricture. This study aimed to determine the efficacy of a high-density collagen patch for the prevention of esophageal stricture in extensive ESD. METHODS: Six pigs underwent circumferential esophageal ESD under general anesthesia. In 3 pigs, artificial ulcers were covered by 2 collagen patches. The other 3 pigs underwent circumferential ESD only...
October 14, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Yi-Bin Deng, Dan Yu, Qin Su, Hui-Min Wang, Hua Yin, Zhao-Meng Zhou, Na He, Dan Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) level and the prevalence rate of a high non-HDL-C level in children aged 9-11 years in the Mianyang Science City area in Sichuan Province, China. METHODS: From September to October, 2015, a field investigation was performed for the students from three primary schools in the Mianyang Science City area by cluster sampling. Fasting venous blood was collected for blood lipid tests. The cut-off value of serum non-HDL-C level and prevalence rate of a high non-HDL-C level in children aged 9-11 years in this area were calculated, as well as the prevalence rate of a high non-HDL-C level in obese children...
October 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Cristian Picioreanu, Julio Pérez, Mark C M van Loosdrecht
A three-dimensional (3-D) diffusion-reaction model was used to assess the effects of nitrifiers growing in cell clusters on the apparent oxygen half-saturation coefficients in activated sludge flocs. The model allows conciliation of seemingly contradictory reports by several research groups. Although intrinsic half-saturation coefficients (i.e., not affected by diffusion) show a better affinity for oxygen for ammonia oxidizing (AOB) than for nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB) (KO,AOB < KO,NOB), measurements in flocs often produced reversed apparent values (KO,AOB,app > KO,NOB,app), which can now be explained by the 3-D model with AOB and NOB microcolonies...
October 8, 2016: Water Research
Xin Zhang, Ruyan Wu, Zeyi Wang, Mingxia Gao, Hongge Pan, Yongfeng Liu
Sodium alanate (NaAlH4) has attracted intense interest as a prototypical high-density hydrogen storage material. However, poor reversibility and slow kinetics limit its practical applications. In this work, a nanocrystalline ZrO2@C catalyst is synthesized using Uio-66(Zr) as a precursor and furfuryl alcohol (FA) as a carbon source. The as-synthesized ZrO2@C exhibits good catalytic activity for dehydrogenation and hydrogenation of NaAlH4. The NaAlH4-7 wt% ZrO2@C sample releases hydrogen starting from 126 °C and re-absorbs starting from 54 °C, and these temperatures are reduced by 71 °C and 36 °C, respectively, relative to those of pristine NaAlH4...
October 17, 2016: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Alexei Smolyaninov, Mu-Han Yang, Lin Pang, Yeshaiahu Fainman
A high-density array of plasmonic coaxial nanoantennas is used to enhance the two-photon absorption (TPA) process in a conventional silicon photodetector from a mode-locked 76 MHz Ti:sapphire laser over a spectral range from 1340 to 1550 nm. This enhanced TPA was used to generate an interferometric autocorrelation trace of a 150 fs laser pulse. Unlike second-harmonic generation, this technique does not require phase matching or a bulky crystal and can be used on a low-cost integrated silicon platform over a wide range of near-IR wavelengths compatible with modern commercial tunable femtosecond sources...
October 1, 2016: Optics Letters
Katrine Kveli Fjukstad, Anne Engum, Stian Lydersen, Ingrid Dieset, Nils Eiel Steen, Ole A Andreassen, Olav Spigset
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) on cardiovascular risk factors in patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. METHOD: We used data from a cross-sectional study on 1301 patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, of whom 280 were treated with SSRIs. The primary outcome variable was the serum concentration of total cholesterol. Secondary outcome variables were low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride and glucose levels, body mass index, waist circumference, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
Ann J Melvin, Grace Montepiedra, Lisa Aaron, William A Meyer, Hans M Spiegel, William Borkowsky, Mark J Abzug, Brookie M Best, Marilyn J Crain, Peggy R Borum, Bobbie Graham, Patricia Anthony, Katherine Shin, George K Siberry
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected children receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) have increased prevalence of hyperlipidemia and risk factors for cardiovascular disease. No studies have investigated the efficacy and safety of statins in this population. METHODS: HIV-infected youth aged 10 - < 24 years on stable ART with low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) ≥130 mg/dL for ≥ 6 months initiated atorvastatin 10mg once daily. Atorvastatin was increased to 20mg if LDL-C efficacy criteria (LDL-C < 110 mg/dL or decreased ≥30% from baseline) were not met at week 4...
October 3, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Shuang Pi, Peng Lin, Qiangfei Xia
Sub-10 nm metal nanowire arrays are important electrodes for building high density emerging 'beyond CMOS' devices. We made Pt nanowire arrays with sub-10 nm feature size using nanoimprint lithography on silicon substrates with 100 nm thick thermal oxide. We further studied the critical dimension (CD) evolution in the fabrication procedure and achieved 0.4 nm CD control, providing a viable solution to the imprint lithography CD challenge as specified by the international technology roadmap for semiconductors...
October 17, 2016: Nanotechnology
Zahed Shami, Seyed Mojtaba Amininasab, Pegah Shakeri
A straightforward approach was successfully developed to fabricate a well-designed three-dimensional rough sheetlike MgAl-layered double hydroxide (LDH) array to stand vertically on poly(acrylonitrile) porous nanofibrous membranes based on an electrospun-nanofiber-templated in situ hydrothermal strategy, and then the surface was modified with cyclohexanecarboxylic acid. The as-spun highly dense ordered sheetlike LDH porous nanofabric exhibited a superior durability in superhydrophobicity and superoleophilicity, which has achieved high oil-removing capability including both oil harvesting and oil separation to harvest/separate a wide range of organic solvents and oils from an oil-water mixture and, especially, exhibited a very good recycling and reusing performance...
October 17, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yawei Shi, Xuesi Wan, Nan Shao, Runyi Ye, Ning Zhang, Yunjian Zhang
The present study aimed to determine the protective and anti-angiopathy effects of ginsenoside (GSS) on Wistar rats with diabetes mellitus (DM). Diabetic angiopathy occurs during the early stage of diabetes, and in type 1 DM (T1DM) and type 2 DM (T2DM). In the present study, early DM, T1DM and T2DM were induced by treatment with a high‑sucrose‑high‑fat diet, alloxan monohydrate or streptozocin, respectively. The levels of blood glucose, insulin, lipid metabolism markers [total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high‑density lipoprotein (HDL) and lipoprotein(a) (Lp‑a)], and endothelial cell function markers [endothelin, nitric oxide, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and interleukin‑6 (IL‑6)] were determined following treatment with GSS...
October 11, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"