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Mannitol renal failure cardiac surgery

Yasuhisa Okamoto, Tosihiro Nohmi, Koichiro Seki, Yuki Higa
Chronic renal failure (CRF) is related to cardiac diseases. Cardiac surgery is also related to postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI). It means heart and kidney have close relationship. We analyzed recent published data to understand how to manage CRF patients undergoing cardiovascular surgeries. We compared endovascular surgery and open procedure for aortic aneurysm, especially about contrast media-related renal damage, On or Off CABG or PCI for ischemic heart disease. We also discussed the relation between cardiopulmonary bypass and AKI and the risk factors causing AKI after CPB...
November 2013: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Gudrun Bragadottir, Bengt Redfors, Sven-Erik Ricksten
INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury (AKI), which is a major complication after cardiovascular surgery, is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Diuretic agents are frequently used to improve urine output and to facilitate fluid management in these patients. Mannitol, an osmotic diuretic, is used in the perioperative setting in the belief that it exerts reno-protective properties. In a recent study on uncomplicated postcardiac-surgery patients with normal renal function, mannitol increased glomerular filtration rate (GFR), possibly by a deswelling effect on tubular cells...
August 17, 2012: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Gaurab Maitra, Ahsan Ahmed, Amitava Rudra, Ravi Wankhede, Saikat Sengupta, Tanmoy Das
Postoperative renal dysfunction is a relatively common and one of the serious complications of cardiac surgery. Though off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery technique avoids cardiopulmonary bypass circuit induced adverse effects on renal function, multiple other factors cause postoperative renal dysfunction in these groups of patients. Acute kidney injury is generally defined as an abrupt and sustained decrease in kidney function. There is no consensus on the amount of dysfunction that defines acute kidney injury, with more than 30 definitions in use in the literature today...
August 2009: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Bengt Redfors, Kristina Swärd, Johan Sellgren, Sven-Erik Ricksten
OBJECTIVE: Imbalance of the renal medullary oxygen supply/demand relationship can cause hypoxic medullary damage and ischaemic acute renal failure (ARF). The use of mannitol for prophylaxis/treatment of clinical ischaemic ARF is controversial and the effect of mannitol on renal oxygenation in man has not yet been investigated. We evaluated the effects of mannitol on renal oxygen consumption (RVO(2))(,) renal blood flow (RBF) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in postoperative patients...
January 2009: Intensive Care Medicine
J M Alvarez, C Chatwin, C Fahrer
BACKGROUND: Postoperative acute renal failure requiring dialysis has a poor prognosis, which has remained unaltered for 50 years. Therefore, in cardiac surgical patients at increased risk of postoperative oliguric acute renal failure (preoperative serum creatinine >0.13 mmol/L), we assessed the use of prophylactic intravenous (i.v) 20% mannitol and normal saline therapy in addition to traditional methods of therapeutic renal support. METHODS: Seventy-five patients with a mean preoperative serum creatinine of 0...
October 2000: Heart, Lung & Circulation
C Stroh, U Hohmann, K Remmler, H Urban, F Meyer, H Lippert, Th Manger
Rhabdomyolysis is an uncommon event in bariatric surgery. It can be caused by ischemia, crush injury, alcohol ingestion and drug intake, and as a consequence renal failure can develop. A few reports indicate that patients undergoing bariatric surgical intervention are at risk for rhabdomyolysis. A super-obese male (BMI 52 kg/m2) is reported, who underwent laparoscopic biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS). Operative time was 265 minutes, and the BPD/DS operation was uneventful. Post-operatively, the patient complained of pain in both hips and the left shoulder, and suffered oliguria...
October 2005: Obesity Surgery
Susan Garwood
The new millennium ushered in a number of changes in cardiac surgery. Off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery became technically easier so that multivessel surgery became less of a challenge and cardiologists were supplied with new catheters that accessed lesions that were previously thought of as being unapproachable. New drugs were introduced that made the management of heart failure patients feasible on an outpatient basis, and new devices extend the bridging period to transplantation. However, these advances have not necessarily been attended by significant improvements in outcome, possibly because the less challenging a procedure becomes, the sicker the patients that can be managed...
September 2004: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Bryan Collier, M Arif Goreja, Bruce E Duke
Rhabdomyolysis has been reported in all postoperative patients including those in prone, supine, lithotomy and lateral decubitus positions. Only a few reports suggest that bariatric surgical patients are at risk for rhabdomyolysis. We describe a male (BMI 69 kg/m2) who underwent an uneventful open Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for weight reduction lasting 5 hours. Postoperatively the patient suffered oliguria. Evaluation included subjective pain in both hips, a normal temperature and physical examination, creatinine increase to 3...
December 2003: Obesity Surgery
G Della Rocca, M G Costa, K Bruno, C Coccia, L Pompei, P Di Marco, R Pretagostini, M Colonnello, M Rossi, P Pietropaoli, R Cortesini
The appropriate choice of anesthesia for patients (pts) undergoing renal transplantation (Ktx) requires minimal toxicity and accurate monitoring for pts at high risk for metabolic, cardiovascular, and respiratory perioperative complications. We evaluated the anesthetic management and postoperative follow-up in pediatric Ktx performed in the last 12 years in our institution. From 1988 to 1999, 75 ASA class II-III pts (45 males, 22 females) younger than 18 years scheduled for Ktx were studied: 49 received a graft from a cadaveric donor (CD) and 26 from a living donor (LD)...
March 2001: Pediatric Surgery International
S Sirivella, I Gielchinsky, V Parsonnet
BACKGROUND: Acute renal failure occurring in the postoperative period, requiring dialysis after cardiac surgery is an important risk factor for an early mortality, and the overall mortality of this complication is as high as 40% to 60%. Dialysis in the early postoperative period is often complicated by acute hemodynamic, metabolic, and hematologic effects that adversely affect cardiopulmonary function in patients stabilizing from recent surgery. The purpose of this study was to avoid the need for dialysis by infusion of the solution of mannitol, furosemide, and dopamine in the early postoperative period in oliguric renal failure...
February 2000: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
J O Defraigne, J Pincemail
Revascularization of a limb after a severe and prolonged period of ischemia may be associated with high rates of mortality and amputation, because of the development of a postrevascularization syndrome, regardless the cause of occlusion (ischemia, trauma, iatrogenic) or the methods used to achieve reperfusion (fibrinolysis, surgery, resuscitative therapy). This "revascularization" syndrome includes several complications, both local (explosive swelling of the limb, compartment syndrome and skeletal muscle infarction (rhabdomyolysis) and general (acidosis, hypercalcemia, hypovolaemic shock, renal, hepatointestinal and pulmonary failures, arrhythmias and cardiac arrest (multiple organ dysfunction)...
August 1998: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
P Visweswaran, E K Massin, T D Dubose
The osmotic diuretic mannitol may be used in diverse clinical settings, such as providing "renal protection" in patients at risk for acute renal failure, decreasing intracranial pressure in patients with intracranial trauma, and preventing the dialysis-disequilibrium syndrome. Mannitol is commonly used after cardiac catheterization, cardiovascular surgery, and exposure to intravenous contrast dyes. This study presents a case in which a long-term renal transplant recipient receiving cyclosporine therapy concomitantly developed acute renal failure after the administration of high-dose mannitol in an attempt to induce an osmotic diuresis...
June 1997: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
R C de Petriconi, J Gschwendt, R E Hautmann
Ex-situ protection of donor organs for transplantation with initial cold perfusion is routinely used. The superiority of the Histidin-Tryptophyn-Ketoglutarate solution (HTK) has been demonstrated in animal models and clinical use. On the other hand, nephron sparing surgery for surgical or functional solitary kidneys has been proved effective for many years. Due to widely used ultrasound and computerized tomography, the incidence of small renal tumors has increased. Therefore, new concepts in conservative renal surgery are gaining more popularity...
1995: Journal D'urologie
H Nakahara
Recent studies suggest that plasma levels of alpha-hANP may reflect the severity of heart failure, but mechanism whereby ANP secretion increase is not known. Changes in alpha-hANP concentration in the arterial (A-ANP) and coronary sinus blood (CS-ANP) during and after the cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) were measured to investigate the role of ANP in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Fifteen patients were divided into 2 group; Group I, valvular heart disease (n = 9), Group II, coronary artery disease (n = 6)...
April 1993: [Zasshi] [Journal]
P J Maddern
Patients with renal disease are at risk of further deterioration of renal function and acute tubular necrosis when subjected to anaesthesia and surgery. Optimal fluid loading and careful selection of anaesthetic techniques and agents, appropriate monitoring and the use of mannitol and dopamine assist in the maintenance of renal blood flow and help preserve renal function in these patients. In association with renal failure, physiological changes in other systems result in reduced oxygen supply to the tissues, metabolic disturbances, impairment of the coagulation and immune defence mechanisms and an increased risk of cardiac and cerebrovascular catastrophe...
November 1983: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
A Gömöry, N Lange, E Bodor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 5, 1967: Orvosi Hetilap
E D Yeboah, A Petrie, J L Pead
A retrospective study of 428 open heart operations showed the incidence of mild and severe renal failure to be 26% and 4.7% respectively. The mortality rate was 38% in the mild cases and 70% in the severe cases. Only half of the patients whose death was associated with renal failure showed macroscopic or microscopic renal lesions at necropsy. The patients who developed renal impairment had significantly higher mean preoperative blood urea (40 mg/100 ml) than the non-renal-failure cases (33 mg/100 ml). Periods of perfusion over 60 minutes, mean perfusion pressures below 80 mm Hg, and multiple valve replacement operations also increased the incidence of renal failure...
February 12, 1972: British Medical Journal (1857-1980)
I L Kron, A W Joob, C Van Meter
Acute renal failure is a known complication of cardiovascular surgery and is associated with a high mortality. Therapy should be aimed at prevention of oliguric renal failure, or at least its conversion to nonoliguric renal failure. Once renal failure is established, early dialysis with nutritional support probably gives the best chance for survival.
June 1985: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
T Kinjo, J Mukawa, M Nakata, N Kinjo
Eleven cases of chronic subdural hematoma (CSH) secondary to coagulopathy were experienced in our department in the last 5 years. They were classified into 4 groups, I: secondary to diffuse metastatic carcinomatosis of the bone marrow (4 cases), II: malignant hematological disease (acute lymphocytic leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome 1 case each), III: postreplacement of cardiac valves or vein graft having been treated with anticoagulants (warfarin) (3 cases) and IV: chronic renal failure after having been hemodialyzed (2 cases)...
October 1991: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
J D Barata, M Bruges, C Oliveira, J Simões, L Bruges, J Q Melo, R Melo-Gomes, F Crespo
We studied the pre operative status and the 1st, 4th, 12th and 24th hours of the post operative period after open heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass with a crystalloid solution containing 10 gr of mannitol. We considered acute renal failure (ARF) as being any increase in plasma creatinine values of 0.25 mg/dl for the first 24 hours and 0.5 mg/dl for periods longer than 24 hours. Six patients had transitory ARF (28.5%). The maximum value of plasma creatinine was 2.3 mg/dl and no patients required renal function substitution...
April 1992: Acta Médica Portuguesa
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