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Cardiovascular review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222247/bile-acids-and-cardiovascular-function-in-cirrhosis
#1
Andrei Voiosu, Signe Wiese, Theodor Voiosu, Flemming Bendtsen, Søren Møller
Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy and the hyperdynamic syndrome are clinically important complications of cirrhosis but their exact pathogenesis is still partly unknown. Experimental models have proven the cardiotoxic effects of bile acidsand recent studies of their varied receptor-mediated functions offer new insight into their involvement in cardiovascular dysfunction in cirrhosis. Bile acid receptors such as farnesoid X-activated receptor and TGR5 are currently under investigation as potential therapeutic targets in a variety of pathological conditions...
February 21, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220881/use-of-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-in-the-first-trimester-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-related-malformations-a-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#2
Tie-Ning Zhang, Shan-Yan Gao, Zi-Qi Shen, Da Li, Cai-Xia Liu, Hai-Chen Lv, Yuan Zhang, Ting-Ting Gong, Xin Xu, Chao Ji, Qi-Jun Wu
The relationship between selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) use during first trimester and cardiovascular-related malformations of infants is still uncertain. Therefore, we conducted this systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the aforementioned association. A systematic literature review identified studies for cohort studies about SSRIs use and cardiovascular-related malformations in PubMed and Web of Science. We summarized relative risk (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of cardiovascular-related malformations using random-effects model, and heterogeneity and publication-bias analyses were conducted...
February 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220466/cardiovascular-toxicities-associated-with-cancer-immunotherapies
#3
REVIEW
Daniel Y Wang, Gosife Donald Okoye, Thomas G Neilan, Douglas B Johnson, Javid J Moslehi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the cardiovascular toxicities associated with cancer immune therapies and discuss the cardiac manifestations, potential mechanisms, and management strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: The recent advances in cancer immune therapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors and adoptive cell transfer have improved clinical outcomes in numerous cancers. The rising use of cancer immune therapy will lead to a higher incidence in immune-related adverse events...
March 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220465/assessing-cardiovascular-risk-and-testing-in-type-2-diabetes
#4
REVIEW
Anum Saeed, Christie M Ballantyne
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Type 2 diabetes confers approximately twofold-increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Early risk stratification of these patients may help reduce cardiovascular events. This review discusses the state of the art of risk factors, biomarkers, and subclinical disease parameters potentially useful in cardiovascular risk assessment in type 2 diabetes. RECENT FINDINGS: Scientific progress in the past decade has identified a spectrum of risk in diabetic individuals rather than categorizing diabetes as a coronary heart disease equivalent as previously done...
March 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220462/genome-editing-for-the-study-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#5
REVIEW
Alexandra C Chadwick, Kiran Musunuru
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The opportunities afforded through the recent advent of genome-editing technologies have allowed investigators to more easily study a number of diseases. The advantages and limitations of the most prominent genome-editing technologies are described in this review, along with potential applications specifically focused on cardiovascular diseases. RECENT FINDINGS: The recent genome-editing tools using programmable nucleases, such as zinc-finger nucleases, transcription activator-like effector nucleases, and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated 9 (Cas9), have rapidly been adapted to manipulate genes in a variety of cellular and animal models...
March 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220393/common-and-distinct-regulation-of-human-and-mouse-brown-and-beige-adipose-tissues-a-promising-therapeutic-target-for-obesity
#6
REVIEW
Xuejiao Liu, Christopher Cervantes, Feng Liu
Obesity, which underlies various metabolic and cardiovascular diseases, is a growing public health challenge for which established therapies are inadequate. Given the current obesity epidemic, there is a pressing need for more novel therapeutic strategies that will help adult individuals to manage their weight. One promising therapeutic intervention for reducing obesity is to enhance energy expenditure. Investigations into human brown fat and the recently discovered beige/brite fat have galvanized intense research efforts during the past decade because of their pivotal roles in energy dissipation...
February 20, 2017: Protein & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219933/akt-signalling-as-a-mediator-of-cardiac-adaptation-to-low-birth-weight
#7
Kimberley Cw Wang, Kimberley J Botting, Song Zhang, Caroline McMillen, Doug A Brooks, Janna L Morrison
Intrauterine insults, such as poor nutrition and placental insufficiency, can alter cardiomyocyte development and this can have significant long-term implications for heart health. Consequently, epidemiological studies have shown that low birth weight babies have an increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease in adult life. In addition, intrauterine growth restriction can result in increased left ventricular hypertrophy, which is the strongest predictor for poor health outcomes in cardiac patients. The mechanisms responsible for these associations are not clear, but a suboptimal intrauterine environment can program alternative expression of genes such as cardiac IGF-2/H19, IGF-2R and AT1R through either an increase or decrease in DNA methylation or histone acetylation at specific loci...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219882/incident-myocardial-infarction-associated-with-major-types-of-arthritis-in-the-general-population-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Orit Schieir, Cedomir Tosevski, Richard H Glazier, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson, Elizabeth M Badley
OBJECTIVE: To synthesise, quantify and compare risks for incident myocardial infarction (MI) across five major types of arthritis in population-based studies. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL databases with additional manual/hand searches for population-based cohort or case-control studies published in English of French between January 1980 and January 2015 with a measure of effect and variance for associations between incident MI and five major types of arthritis: rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), gout or osteoarthritis (OA), adjusted for at least age and sex...
February 20, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219878/features-of-a-mobile-support-app-for-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-literature-review-and-current-applications
#9
Drishty D Sobnath, Nada Philip, Reem Kayyali, Shereen Nabhani-Gebara, Barbara Pierscionek, Anouk W Vaes, Martijn A Spruit, Evangelos Kaimakamis
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a serious long-term lung disease in which the airflow from the lungs is progressively reduced. By 2030, COPD will become the third cause of mortality and seventh cause of morbidity worldwide. With advances in technology and mobile communications, significant progress in the mobile health (mHealth) sector has been recently observed. Mobile phones with app capabilities (smartphones) are now considered as potential media for the self-management of certain types of diseases such as asthma, cancer, COPD, or cardiovascular diseases...
February 20, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217814/-effects-of-growth-differentiation-factor-15-gdf-15-on-neurological-systems-cardiovascular-diseases-and-cancer-progression
#10
Dong-Dong Liu, Yan-Ai Mei
Growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) is a member of the transforming growth factor beta superfamily. GDF-15 expression is dramatically upregulated during acute brain injury, cancer, cardiovascular disease, and inflammation, suggesting its potential value as a disease biomarker. It has been suggested that GDF-15 has neurotropic effects in the nervous system. Our studies showed that GDF-15 modulated the expression of neuronal K(+) and Ca(2+) ion channels and increased the release of excitatory transmitter in the medial prefrontal cortex of mice...
February 25, 2017: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217778/a-critical-insight-into-the-development-pipeline-of-microfluidic-immunoassay-devices-for-the-sensitive-quantitation-of-protein-biomarkers-at-the-point-of-care
#11
REVIEW
Ana I Barbosa, Nuno M Reis
The latest clinical procedures for the timely and cost-effective diagnosis of chronic and acute clinical conditions, such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes or sepsis (i.e. the biggest causes of death worldwide), involve the quantitation of specific protein biomarkers released into the blood stream or other physiological fluids (e.g. urine or saliva). The clinical thresholds are usually in the femtomolar to picolomar range, and consequently the measurement of these protein biomarkers heavily relies on highly sophisticated, bulky and automated equipment in centralised pathology laboratories...
February 20, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217448/erectile-dysfunction-metabolic-syndrome-and-cardiovascular-risks-facts-and-controversies
#12
REVIEW
Edward Sanchez, Alexander W Pastuszak, Mohit Khera
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the most common male sexual dysfunction, and shares many risk factors with systemic conditions including cardiovascular disease (CVD) and the metabolic syndrome (MetS). ED is considered to be an independent risk factor for CVD and can be a harbinger of future cardiovascular events. Given this relationship, each encounter for ED should be viewed by healthcare providers as an opportunity to screen for CVD and other comorbid conditions, including the MetS, that can significantly affect a man's overall health...
February 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217311/xanthine-oxidase-inhibition-for-the-treatment-of-cardiovascular-disease-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Jufen Zhang, Riet Dierckx, Kevin Mohee, Andrew L Clark, John G Cleland
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that xanthine oxidase inhibitors (XOI) might improve outcome for patients with cardiovascular disease. However, more evidence is required. METHODS AND RESULTS: We published a meta-analysis of trials conducted before 2014 examining the effects of XOI on mortality in patients with cardiovascular disease. At least two further trials (N = 323 patients) have since been published. Accordingly, we repeated our analysis after a further search for randomized controlled trials of XOI in PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Databases...
February 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216952/risk-factors-for-developing-drug-related-problems-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases-attending-gondar-university-hospital-ethiopia
#14
Ousman Abubeker Abdela, Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Henok Getachew, Yohannes Kelifa
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are often accompanied with comoribidities and complications leading to taking multiple drugs and thus are more liable to be exposed to drug-related problems (DRPs). DRPs can occur at any stages of medication process from prescription to follow-up treatment. However, a few studies have assessed the specific risk factors for occurrence of at least one potential DRP per patient with CVDs in sub-Saharan African region. AIM: We aim to assess the risk factors for developing potential DRPs in patients with CVDs attending Gondar University Referral Hospital (GUH)...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216567/wine-flavonoids-in-health-and-disease-prevention
#15
Iva Fernandes, Rosa Pérez-Gregorio, Susana Soares, Nuno Mateus, Victor de Freitas
Wine, and particularly red wine, is a beverage with a great chemical complexity that is in continuous evolution. Chemically, wine is a hydroalcoholic solution (~78% water) that comprises a wide variety of chemical components, including aldehydes, esters, ketones, lipids, minerals, organic acids, phenolics, soluble proteins, sugars and vitamins. Flavonoids constitute a major group of polyphenolic compounds which are directly associated with the organoleptic and health-promoting properties of red wine. However, due to the insufficient epidemiological and in vivo evidences on this subject, the presence of a high number of variables such as human age, metabolism, the presence of alcohol, the complex wine chemistry, and the wide array of in vivo biological effects of these compounds suggest that only cautious conclusions may be drawn from studies focusing on the direct effect of wine and any specific health issue...
February 14, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216253/-atrial-fibrillation-and-anticoagulation-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-complex-decision
#16
Pierre Delanaye, Antoine Bouquegneau, Bernard E Dubois, Muriel Sprynger, Christophe Mariat, Jean-Marie Krzesinski, Patrizio Lancellotti
Cardiovascular mortality of hemodialysis patients remains a major problem. The prevalence and incidence of atrial fibrillation in this population are more important than in the general population. The indication of antivitamin K therapy (AVK) in this context of atrial fibrillation must be weighted against the increased risk of bleeding. Unfortunately, and contrary to the general population, an indication of anticoagulation based on embolic or hemorrhagic risk scores is not as clearly established in the hemodialysis population...
February 16, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216110/the-current-global-state-of-key-lifestyle-characteristics-health-and-economic-implications
#17
REVIEW
Ross Arena, Amy McNeil, Michael Sagner, Andrew P Hills
The chronic disease crisis we currently face must be addressed in rapid fashion. Cardiovascular (CV) and pulmonary diseases, diabetes as well as several forms of cancer are leading causes of morbidity and mortality globally. Collectively, these conditions have a significant impact on the quality of life of individuals, families and communities, placing an unsustainable burden on health systems. There is hope for the chronic disease crisis in that these conditions are largely preventable or can be delayed to much later in life through a timeless medicine, healthy living...
February 16, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216026/cyclic-nucleotide-imaging-and-cardiovascular-disease
#18
REVIEW
Filip Berisha, Viacheslav O Nikolaev
The universal second messengers cyclic nucleotides 3',5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and 3',5'-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) play central roles in cardiovascular function and disease. They act in discrete, functionally relevant subcellular microdomains which regulate, for example, calcium cycling and excitation-contraction coupling. Such localized cAMP and cGMP signals have been difficult to measure using conventional biochemical techniques. Recent years have witnessed the advent of live cell imaging techniques which allow visualization of these functionally relevant second messengers with unprecedented spatial and temporal resolution at cellular, subcellular and tissue levels...
February 16, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215581/does-temperature-modify-the-effect-of-pm10-on-mortality-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Fei Chen, Zhiwei Fan, Zhijiao Qiao, Yan Cui, Meixia Zhang, Xing Zhao, Xiaosong Li
Large and growing literature has explored whether temperature modified the effect of particular matter (PM) on mortality, but results of the modification effect are inconsistent. In this study, we reviewed information from 29 studies to get the qualitative evidence of the modification effects of temperature on PM to mortality, and the data from 16 of the 29 studies were extracted to conduct a meta-analysis. Temperatures were grouped into three level: "low", "middle" and "high" according to the original studies...
February 15, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215516/aisf-position-paper-on-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld-updates-and-future-directions
#20
Amedeo Lonardo, Fabio Nascimbeni, Giovanni Targher, Mauro Bernardi, Ferruccio Bonino, Elisabetta Bugianesi, Alessandro Casini, Amalia Gastaldelli, Giulio Marchesini, Fabio Marra, Luca Miele, Filomena Morisco, Salvatore Petta, Fabio Piscaglia, Gianluca Svegliati-Baroni, Luca Valenti, Stefano Bellentani
This review summarizes our current understanding of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a multi-factorial systemic disease resulting from a complex interaction between a specific genetic background and multiple environmental/metabolic "hits". The role of gut microbiota, lipotoxicity, inflammation and their molecular pathways is reviewed in-depth. We also discuss the epidemiology and natural history of NAFLD by pinpointing the remarkably high prevalence of NAFLD worldwide and its inherent systemic complications: hepatic (steatohepatitis, advanced fibrosis and cirrhosis), cardio-metabolic (cardiovascular disease, cardiomyopathy, arrhythmias and type 2 diabetes) and neoplastic (primary liver cancers and extra-hepatic cancers)...
January 23, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
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