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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781168/association-of-fall-history-with-the-timed-up-and-go-test-score-and-the-dual-task-cost-a-cross-sectional-study-among-independent-community-dwelling-older-adults
#1
Tsuyoshi Asai, Kensuke Oshima, Yoshihiro Fukumoto, Yuri Yonezawa, Asuka Matsuo, Shogo Misu
AIM: To investigate the associations between fall history and the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test (single-TUG test), TUG test while counting aloud backwards from 100 (dual-TUG test) and the dual-task cost (DTC) among independent community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 537 older adults who lived independently in the community. Data on fall history in the previous year were obtained by self-administrated questionnaire. The single- and dual-TUG tests were carried out, and the DTC value was computed from these results...
May 21, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757066/reliability-and-clinical-feasibility-of-measuring-dual-task-gait-in-the-inpatient-rehabilitation-setting-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Lauren Rachal, Chad Swank, Elaine Trudelle-Jackson, Simon Driver
BACKGROUND: To prepare patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) for discharge from inpatient rehabilitation, physical therapists may incorporate dual-task gait activities. Reliability of common dual-task measures for people with TBI in inpatient rehabilitation is undetermined. Our purpose was to assess inter-rater and intra-rater reliability and clinical feasibility of dual-task measures [Walking While Talking Test (WWTT), Modified Walking and Remembering Task (mWART), Timed Up and Go-cognitive (TUG-COG)] in inpatient rehabilitation for patients with TBI...
May 14, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755513/motor-imagery-during-action-observation-of-locomotor-tasks-improves-rehabilitation-outcome-in-older-adults-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#3
Uros Marusic, Sidney Grosprêtre, Armin Paravlic, Simon Kovač, Rado Pišot, Wolfgang Taube
This study aimed at determining whether the combination of action observation and motor imagery (AO + MI) of locomotor tasks could positively affect rehabilitation outcome after hip replacement surgery. Of initially 405 screened participants, 21 were randomly split into intervention group ( N = 10; mean age = 64 y; AO + MI of locomotor tasks: 30 min/day in the hospital, then 3×/week in their homes for two months) and control group ( N = 11, mean age = 63 y, active controls). The functional outcomes (Timed Up and Go, TUG; Four Step Square Test, FSST; and single- and dual-task gait and postural control) were measured before (PRE) and 2 months after surgery (POST)...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571088/over-focused-the-relation-between-patients-inclination-for-conscious-control-and-single-and-dual-task-motor-performance-after-stroke
#4
R P M Denneman, E C Kal, H Houdijk, J van der Kamp
BACKGROUND: Many stroke patients are inclined to consciously control their movements. This is thought to negatively affect patients' motor performance, as it disrupts movement automaticity. However, it has also been argued that conscious control may sometimes benefit motor performance, depending on the task or patientś motor or cognitive capacity. AIM: To assess whether stroke patients' inclination for conscious control is associated with motor performance, and explore whether the putative association differs as a function of task (single- vs dual) or patientś motor and cognitive capacity...
March 5, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521666/dual-task-performance-influence-of-frailty-level-of-physical-activity-and-cognition
#5
Paulo Giusti Rossi, Larissa Pires de Andrade, Juliana Hotta Ansai, Ana Claudia Silva Farche, Leticia Carnaz, Daniela Dalpubel, Eduardo Ferriolli, Francisco Assis Carvalho Vale, Anielle Cristhine de Medeiros Takahashi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cognition and level of physical activity have been associated with frailty syndrome. The development of tools that assess deficits related to physical and cognitive frailties simultaneously are of common interest. However, little is known about how much these aspects influence the performance of dual-task tests. Our aims were (a) to verify the influence of frailty syndrome and objectively measured physical activity and cognition on the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test and Timed Up and Go associated with dual-task (TUG-DT) performances; and (b) to compare TUG and TUG-DT performances between older adults who develop frailty syndrome...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278887/the-diagnostic-and-prognostic-value-of-a-dual-tasking-paradigm-in-a-memory-clinic
#6
Malene Schjnning Nielsen, Anja Hviid Simonsen, Volkert Siersma, Steen Gregers Hasselbalch, Peter Hoegh
BACKGROUND: Daily living requires the ability to perform dual-tasking. As cognitive skills decrease in dementia, performing a cognitive and motor task simultaneously become increasingly challenging and subtle gait abnormalities may even be present in pre-dementia stages. Therefore, a dual-tasking paradigm, such as the Timed Up and Go-Dual Task (TUG-DT), may be useful in the diagnostic assessment of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnostic and prognostic ability of a dual-tasking paradigm in patients with MCI or mild Alzheimer's disease (AD) and to evaluate the association between the dual-tasking paradigm and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) AD biomarkers...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275903/baseline-mobility-is-not-associated-with-decline-in-cognitive-function-in-healthy-community-dwelling-older-adults-findings-from-the-irish-longitudinal-study-on-ageing-tilda
#7
Orna Donoghue, Joanne Feeney, Neil O'Leary, Rose Anne Kenny
OBJECTIVES: Few studies examine the relationship between Timed Up-and-Go (TUG), a commonly used clinical test, and cognitive decline. This study examines whether TUG, usual gait speed (UGS), and dual-task gait speed (DTGS) predict decline in global cognition, executive function, processing speed, memory, and attention with follow-up of up to 5.9 years. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA), a nationally representative cohort study...
April 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245071/dual-task-training-in-older-adults-the-effect-of-additional-motor-tasks-on-mobility-performance
#8
Paolo Riccardo Brustio, Emanuela Rabaglietti, Sabrina Formica, Monica Emma Liubicich
OBJECTIVES: Dual-task (DT) performance is common to most activities of daily living and difficulties in DT activities may reduce quality of life in older adults. This study investigated the effect of DT training in a sample of older adults. METHODS: Sixty older adults (mean=74.4±3.1years) participated in the study. Twenty-two older adults were included in the control (CG), 19 in the single-task (ST) training and 19 in DT training group. ST group received balance and walking training twice a week for16 weeks, while DT training group performed the same training with additional motor tasks...
March 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055478/predicting-falls-among-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-comparison-of-patient-reported-outcomes-and-performance-based-measures-of-lower-extremity-functions
#9
Shirin Tajali, Mohammad-Jafar Shaterzadeh-Yazdi, Hossein Negahban, Jaap H van Dieën, Mohammad Mehravar, Nastaran Majdinasab, Amal Saki-Malehi, Razie Mofateh
BACKGROUND: Accurate fall screening tools are needed to identify those multiple sclerosis (MS) patients at high risk of falling. The present study aimed at determining the validity of a series of performance-based measures (PBMs) of lower extremity functions and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in predicting falls in a sample of MS patients (n = 84), who were ambulatory independent. METHODS: Patients were assessed using the following PBMs: timed up and go (TUG), timed 25-foot walk (T25FW), cognitive T25FW, 2-min walk (2MW), and cognitive 2MW...
October 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966712/changes-in-gait-and-texting-ability-during-progressively-difficult-gait-tasks
#10
Andrew J Strubhar, Brody Rapp, Dillon Thomas
To investigate the effects of a cell phone texting task on an individual's ability to perform three ambulation-based tasks, each with different and progressively more difficult demands. 36 participants (24 male/12 female, average age 23.4) performed: a Timed Up & Go (TUG), stair ambulation (STAIR), and tandem gait (TAN). Participants completed each gait-based task under four conditions: as a practice, while holding their cellular device (baseline), while texting a message, and while reading a message. Statistically significant differences were found within the following variables: 1) mean time to complete a gait task increased through the conditions (Baseline, Texting, Reading), 2) mean number of gait deviations increased while texting during TAN condition in comparison to baseline, 3) mean characters per second became less only in the STAIR task, 4) mean number of texting errors per second increased only in the TAN task...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866454/gait-abnormalities-of-copd-are-not-directly-related-to-respiratory-function
#11
Paola Morlino, Bruno Balbi, Simone Guglielmetti, Marica Giardini, Margherita Grasso, Chiara Giordano, Marco Schieppati, Antonio Nardone
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess whether gait abnormalities in COPD depend on mere impairment of respiratory function. METHODS: In 40 patients with COPD at different GOLD stages and 28 controls, we evaluated: forced expiratory volume in 1s (FEV1); partial pressure of oxygen; Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE); dynamic balance through the Mini-BESTest (MBT); Timed Up and Go (TUG) test without and with dual task counting aloud back by three; 6-min walk test (6MWT); body sway during quiet stance (stabilometry); spatial-temporal variables of gait by a 4-m long sensorized walkway (baropodometry)...
October 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448509/better-than-counting-seconds-identifying-fallers-among-healthy-elderly-using-fusion-of-accelerometer-features-and-dual-task-timed-up-and-go
#12
Moacir Ponti, Patricia Bet, Caroline L Oliveira, Paula C Castro
Devices and sensors for identification of fallers can be used to implement actions to prevent falls and to allow the elderly to live an independent life while reducing the long-term care costs. In this study we aimed to investigate the accuracy of Timed Up and Go test, for fallers' identification, using fusion of features extracted from accelerometer data. Single and dual tasks TUG (manual and cognitive) were performed by a final sample (94% power) of 36 community dwelling healthy older persons (18 fallers paired with 18 non-fallers) while they wear a single triaxial accelerometer at waist with sampling rate of 200Hz...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281683/embedding-dual-function-into-molecular-motors-through-collective-motion
#13
Nen Saito, Kunihiko Kaneko
Protein motors, such as kinesins and dyneins, bind to a microtubule and travel along it in a specific direction. Previously, it was thought that the directionality for a given motor was constant in the absence of an external force. However, the directionality of the kinesin-5 Cin8 was recently found to change as the number of motors that bind to the same microtubule is increased. Here, we introduce a simple mechanical model of a microtubule-sliding assay in which multiple motors interact with the filament. We show that, due to the collective phenomenon, the directionality of the motor changes (e...
March 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079635/influences-of-age-obesity-and-adverse-drug-effects-on-balance-and-mobility-testing-scores-in-ambulatory-older-adults
#14
Eric Anson, Elizabeth Thompson, Brian L Odle, John Jeka, Zachary F Walls, Peter C Panus
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The adverse effects of drugs may influence results on tests of mobility and balance, but the drug-specific impact is not identified when using these tests. We propose that a quantitative drug index (QDI) will assist in assessing fall risk based on these tests, when combined with other fall risk variables. METHODS: Fifty-seven community-dwelling older adults who could walk independently on a treadmill and had Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores equal to or greater than 24 participated...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934540/correlation-between-functional-mobility-and-cognitive-performance-in-older-adults-with-cognitive-impairment
#15
Sheila de Melo Borges, Márcia Radanovic, Orestes Vicente Forlenza
Association between cognitive impairment and gait performance occurs in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD), particularly under "divided attention" conditions, leading to a greater risk of falls. We studied 36 controls, 42 MCI, and 26 mild AD patients, using the Timed Up-and-Go test (TUG) under four conditions: TUG single - TUG1; TUG cognitive - TUG2; TUG manual -TUG3; TUG cognitive and manual - TUG4. Cognition was assessed using the MMSE, SKT, Exit25, and TMT (A and B). We found significant correlations between cognitive scores and TUG2 [r values (MMSE: -0...
January 2018: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676745/which-gait-parameter-can-be-used-to-evaluate-gait-improvement-in-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Pierre Decavel, Thierry Moulin, Yoshimasa Sagawa
OBJECTIVE: Gait disorders is the most common and disabling dysfunction in patient with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). Several studies have been using gait parameters to determine the interventional effects in PwMS. However, few studies interested initially to determine reproducibility of these parameters which could overestimate effects. The aim of the study was to examine the reproducibility in different spatio-temporal parameters of gait measured during short and long distances. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-eight PwMS (EDSS 4-7) and 19 healthy peers were included in this study...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567449/a-smartphone-based-architecture-to-detect-and-quantify-freezing-of-gait-in-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Marianna Capecci, Lucia Pepa, Federica Verdini, Maria Gabriella Ceravolo
INTRODUCTION: The freezing of gait (FOG) is a common and highly distressing motor symptom in patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD). Effective management of FOG is difficult given its episodic nature, heterogeneous manifestation and limited responsiveness to drug treatment. METHODS: In order to verify the acceptance of a smartphone-based architecture and its reliability at detecting FOG in real-time, we studied 20 patients suffering from PD-related FOG. They were asked to perform video-recorded Timed Up and Go (TUG) test with and without dual-tasks while wearing the smartphone...
October 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542314/predicting-falls-with-the-cognitive-timed-up-and-go-dual-task-in-frail-older-patients
#18
Charlotte Cardon-Verbecq, Marine Loustau, Emilie Guitard, Marie Bonduelle, Emmanuelle Delahaye, Pierre Koskas, Agathe Raynaud-Simon
BACKGROUND: The cognitive timed up-and-go dual task (CogTUG) has been proposed to improve the performance of the timed up-and-go (TUG) test for predicting falls in older patients and as a screening tool for early detection of frailty. We aimed to determine whether the CogTUG score is associated with a history of falls in frail older outpatients with gait disorders. METHODS: This retrospective study involved outpatients >75 years old with or without previous falls who were admitted from 2012 to 2014 to a geriatric day hospital for gait disorders...
April 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462477/assessment-of-simple-gait-related-dual-and-triple-tests-in-predicting-the-risk-of-fall-in-adults-above-age-of-50-years
#19
Swati Paranjape, Disha Chitalia
Timed UP and Go Test (TUG) is conventionally used as predictor of falls in adults. Routine daily activities include multiple tasks performed concurrently. When two or more tasks (Dual/Triple test) needed to be carried out concurrently, task performance declined at least in one of them. Our study aimed to find temporal and demographic variations in the performance after adding a cognitive, motor or both tasks, while performing TUG, compared to performance during conventional TUG. Sixty randomly selected healthy adults, with age ranging from 53 to 90 years, consented to participate in the study...
2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427514/effect-of-a-dual-task-on-quantitative-timed-up-and-go-performance-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-preliminary-study
#20
Erin Smith, Lorcan Walsh, Julie Doyle, Barry Greene, Catherine Blake
AIM: The Timed Up and Go test (TUG) is used as a measure of functional ability in older adults; however, the method of measurement does not allow us to determine which aspects of the test deficits occur in. The aim of the present study was to examine the ability of the quantitative TUG (QTUG) to measure performance during the TUG test under three different conditions - single task, motor task and cognitive dual task - and to compare performance between fallers and non-fallers in high-functioning community-dwelling older adults...
July 18, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
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