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Gastroschisis 2016

Amanda J Ullman, Tricia Kleidon, Marie Cooke, Claire M Rickard
Central venous access devices (CVADs) form an important component of modern paediatric healthcare, especially for children with chronic health conditions such as cancer or gastrointestinal disorders. However device failure and complications rates are high.Over 2½ years, a child requiring parenteral nutrition and associated vascular access dependency due to 'short gut syndrome' (intestinal failure secondary to gastroschisis and resultant significant bowel resection) had ten CVADs inserted, with ninesubsequently failing...
July 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
V Villamil, M J Aranda García, J M Sánchez Morote, R Ruiz Pruneda, M Fernández Ibieta, A Sánchez Sánchez, I Martínez Castaño, J Rojas-Ticona, M C Giménez Aleixandre, J I Ruiz Jiménez
AIM: There are two classical managements in gastroschisis: primary or delayed closure. From 2007 on, a multidisciplinary approach protocol based in preterm caesarean delivery at 34-35th gestational age (in order to minimize peel injury) plus primary closure is followed in our institution. Prior to this, term delivery, either by caesarean section or not, was the rule. METHODS: Retrospective study of gastroschisis's patients before (1978-2006) and after (2007-2016) protocol approval...
January 25, 2017: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
Merete Bugge, Gitte Drachmann, Peder Kern, Esben Budtz-Jørgensen, Hans Eiberg, Britta Olsen, Niels Tommerup, Inge-Merete Nielsen
BACKGROUND: In the last decades, an increasing rate of gastroschisis but not of omphalocele has been reported worldwide. Greenland is the world's largest island, but 80% is covered by an ice cap, it has a small population of around 56,000 peoples (as of 2016). The occurrence of abdominal wall defects has never been investigated in Greenland. METHODS: The present study is based on data retrieved from three nationwide and two local registries in the Greenlandic health care system over 27 years (1989-2015)...
May 2, 2017: Birth defects research
Shripada Rao, Karen Simmer, Sanjay Patole
OBJECTIVES: Neonates with major gastrointestinal surgical conditions frequently suffer from prolonged feed intolerance, infections, and need multiple courses of antibiotics. All these put them at risk of gut dysbiosis. Probiotic supplementation has the potential to minimise dysbiosis and improve clinical outcomes in such infants. Hence, we aimed to conduct a systematic review of probiotics in neonates with major surgical conditions of the gut. METHODS: Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and other databases were searched in September 2016...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Y J Blumenfeld, S Do, A I Girsen, A S Davis, S R Hintz, A K Desai, T Mansour, T A Merritt, B T Oshiro, Y Y El-Sayed, A A Shamshirsaz, H C Lee
OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of different sonographic estimated fetal weight (EFW) cutoffs, and combinations of EFW and biometric measurements for predicting small for gestational age (SGA) in fetal gastroschisis. STUDY DESIGN: Gastroschisis cases from two centers were included. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values (PPV and NPV) were calculated for different EFW cutoffs, as well as EFW and biometric measurement combinations...
May 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Khaled M El-Asmar, Mohammed Abdel-Latif, Abdel-Hamid A El-Kassaby, Mohamed H Soliman, Mosad M El-Behery
BACKGROUND: Colonic atresia (CA) is a rare form of congenital intestinal atresia. Although CA may be isolated, it is more commonly reported in literature in association with other congenital anomalies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a review of prospectively collected data of all the patients with colonic atresia presented to our center (Ain Shams University) during 2008 to 2016. RESULTS: Twelve patients were enrolled in this study. The atresia was of type I in one case, type II in four cases, type IIIa in six cases, type IV in one case...
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
Breanna L Alman, Evan Coffman, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Thomas J Luben
BACKGROUND: Water and water-based beverages constitute a major part of daily fluid intake for pregnant women, yet few epidemiologic studies have investigated the role of water consumption on birth outcomes. METHODS: We used data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study to conduct a case-control study investigating associations between maternal water consumption during pregnancy and birth defects (BD). We used interview data on water consumption during the first trimester of pregnancy in 14,454 cases (major BDs n ≥ 50) and 5,063 controls...
October 21, 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
Amy M Padula, Wei Yang, Kathleen Schultz, Lauren Tom, Bin Lin, Suzan L Carmichael, Edward J Lammer, Gary M Shaw
In a population-based case-control study in California of 228 infants, we investigated 75 genetic variants in 20 genes and risk of gastroschisis with regard to maternal age, race/ethnicity, vitamin use, and smoking exposure. We hypothesized that genes related to vascular compromise may interact with environmental factors to affect the risk of gastroschisis. Haplotypes were constructed for 75 gene variants using the HaploView program. Risk for gastroschisis associated with each gene variant was calculated for both the homozygotes and the heterozygotes, with the homozygous wildtypes as the referent...
November 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
R Allman, J Sousa, M W Walker, M M Laughon, A R Spitzer, R H Clark
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate recent trends in prevalence of gastroschisis among infants admitted for neonatal intensive care in the United States. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of a de-identified patient data. The current study extends our observations through the end of 2007 to 2015. RESULTS: During the study period (1 January 1997 to 12 December 2015), there were 1 158 755 total discharges; 6023 (5.2/1000) had gastroschisis and 1885 (1...
October 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Elizabeth L Wadhwa, Chen Ma, Gary M Shaw, Suzan L Carmichael
The prevalence of gastroschisis has increased significantly in the past few decades. The strongest risks have been observed for women <25 years old or of low body mass index, and maternal diet also been proposed to be associated with risk. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the risk of gastroschisis is associated with maternal dietary intake of phytoestrogens. The analysis includes data on mothers of 409 gastroschisis cases and 3,007 controls who delivered their infants from 2005 to 2010 and participated in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a multistate, population-based, case-control study...
August 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Wei Yang, Suzan L Carmichael, Gary M Shaw
BACKGROUND: We examined whether prevalences of neural tube defects (NTDs), orofacial clefts, and gastroschisis changed more rapidly after than before folic acid fortification in California. METHODS: This population-based study used vital statistics and birth defects registry data. The study population included all live births and stillbirths delivered in central California counties from 1989 to 2010. Cases included deliveries with NTDs, orofacial clefts, and gastroschisis...
December 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
Judith Rankin, Svetlana V Glinianaia, Jenni Jardine, Helen McConachie, Heather Borrill, Nicholas D Embleton
BACKGROUND: Children born with gastroschisis have a good prognosis but require surgical correction and long-term follow up. There has been little research on the impact of gastroschisis on the child's health-related quality of life (QoL). The aim was to assess face and content validity of the KIDSCREEN-52 questionnaire as a measurement of self- and proxy-reported QoL in children born with gastroschisis and to evaluate self-reported QoL in these children compared with the reference population...
April 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
Rafael F M Rosa, Laura Michelon, Átila Masiero, Adyr E V Faria, Vanessa F De Souza, Cristine Dietrich, Luciano V Targa, Valentina O Provenzi, Silvana R S Pires, Paulo R G Zen
BACKGROUND: Gastroschisis is the most common abdominal wall defect. It is characterized by herniation of the intestine and other abdominal organs through a defect in the abdominal wall. Neuroblastoma is the most common malignant tumor observed during the neonatal period. It is a neuroendocrine tumor derived from neural crest cells that develops into the adrenal gland. CASE: We report on the undescribed association between gastrochisis and congenital neuroblastoma, diagnosised during the prenatal period...
March 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
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