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Gastroschisis 2016

Amy M Padula, Wei Yang, Kathleen Schultz, Lauren Tom, Bin Lin, Suzan L Carmichael, Edward J Lammer, Gary M Shaw
In a population-based case-control study in California of 228 infants, we investigated 75 genetic variants in 20 genes and risk of gastroschisis with regard to maternal age, race/ethnicity, vitamin use, and smoking exposure. We hypothesized that genes related to vascular compromise may interact with environmental factors to affect the risk of gastroschisis. Haplotypes were constructed for 75 gene variants using the HaploView program. Risk for gastroschisis associated with each gene variant was calculated for both the homozygotes and the heterozygotes, with the homozygous wildtypes as the referent...
November 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
R Allman, J Sousa, M W Walker, M M Laughon, A R Spitzer, R H Clark
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate recent trends in prevalence of gastroschisis among infants admitted for neonatal intensive care in the United States. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of a de-identified patient data. The current study extends our observations through the end of 2007 to 2015. RESULTS: During the study period (1 January 1997 to 12 December 2015), there were 1 158 755 total discharges; 6023 (5.2/1000) had gastroschisis and 1885 (1...
October 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Elizabeth L Wadhwa, Chen Ma, Gary M Shaw, Suzan L Carmichael
The prevalence of gastroschisis has increased significantly in the past few decades. The strongest risks have been observed for women <25 years old or of low body mass index, and maternal diet also been proposed to be associated with risk. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the risk of gastroschisis is associated with maternal dietary intake of phytoestrogens. The analysis includes data on mothers of 409 gastroschisis cases and 3,007 controls who delivered their infants from 2005 to 2010 and participated in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a multistate, population-based, case-control study...
August 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Wei Yang, Suzan L Carmichael, Gary M Shaw
BACKGROUND: We examined whether prevalences of neural tube defects (NTDs), orofacial clefts, and gastroschisis changed more rapidly after than before folic acid fortification in California. METHODS: This population-based study used vital statistics and birth defects registry data. The study population included all live births and stillbirths delivered in central California counties from 1989 to 2010. Cases included deliveries with NTDs, orofacial clefts, and gastroschisis...
May 18, 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
Judith Rankin, Svetlana V Glinianaia, Jenni Jardine, Helen McConachie, Heather Borrill, Nicholas D Embleton
BACKGROUND: Children born with gastroschisis have a good prognosis but require surgical correction and long-term follow up. There has been little research on the impact of gastroschisis on the child's health-related quality of life (QoL). The aim was to assess face and content validity of the KIDSCREEN-52 questionnaire as a measurement of self- and proxy-reported QoL in children born with gastroschisis and to evaluate self-reported QoL in these children compared with the reference population...
April 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
Rafael F M Rosa, Laura Michelon, Átila Masiero, Adyr E V Faria, Vanessa F De Souza, Cristine Dietrich, Luciano V Targa, Valentina O Provenzi, Silvana R S Pires, Paulo R G Zen
BACKGROUND: Gastroschisis is the most common abdominal wall defect. It is characterized by herniation of the intestine and other abdominal organs through a defect in the abdominal wall. Neuroblastoma is the most common malignant tumor observed during the neonatal period. It is a neuroendocrine tumor derived from neural crest cells that develops into the adrenal gland. CASE: We report on the undescribed association between gastrochisis and congenital neuroblastoma, diagnosised during the prenatal period...
March 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
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