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Sajal Kole, Ranjeeta Kumari, Deepika Anand, Saurav Kumar, Rupam Sharma, Gayatri Tripathi, M Makesh, K V Rajendran, Megha Kadam Bedekar
DNA-based immunization has proven to be an effective prophylactic measure to control aquatic animal diseases. In order to improve the efficiency of vaccine against fish pathogen, novel delivery mechanism needs to be adopted. In the present study we nanoconjugated the previously constructed DNA vaccine (pGPD + IFN) with chitosan nanoparticles (CNPs) by complex coacervation process. After construction of the vaccine, an in vivo vaccination trial was conducted in which 2 groups of rohu (L. rohita) fingerlings were vaccinated with CNPs-pGPD + IFN, one group by oral route (incorporated in feed for 14 days) and the other by immersion route (primary and booster immunised), whereas, a third group was intramuscularly (I/M) injected (initial and booster immunised) with naked pGPD + IFN and subsequently challenged with E...
March 12, 2018: Vaccine
Huiling Zhu, Haibo Wang, Shuhui Wang, Zhixiao Tu, Lin Zhang, Xiuying Wang, Yongqing Hou, Chunwei Wang, Jie Chen, Yulan Liu
SCOPE: Flaxseed oil is a rich source of α-linolenic acid (ALA), which is the precursor of the long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) including docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). This study investigated the protective effect of flaxseed oil against intestinal injury induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). MATERIALS AND RESULTS: Twenty-four weaned pigs were used in a 2 × 2 factorial experiment with dietary treatment (5% corn oil vs...
March 6, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Gordon C Weir, Mario R Ehlers, Kristina M Harris, Sai Kanaparthi, Alice Long, Deborah Phippard, Lia J Weiner, Brett Jepson, James G McNamara, Maria Koulmanda, Terry B Strom
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and pharmacokinetics of alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) in adults and children. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Short term AAT treatment restores euglycemia in the non-obese mouse model of type 1 diabetes. A phase I multicenter study in 16 subjects with new-onset type 1 diabetes studied the safety and pharmacokinetics of Aralast NPTM (AAT). This open-label, dose-escalation study enrolled eight adults ages 16-35 and eight children ages 8-15 within 100 days of diagnosis, to receive 12 infusions of AAT: a low dose of 45 mg/kg weekly for six weeks, followed by a higher dose of 90 mg/kg for six weeks...
February 23, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
Josiane V Cruz, Moysés F A Neto, Luciane B Silva, Ryan da S Ramos, Josivan da S Costa, Davi S B Brasil, Cleison C Lobato, Glauber V da Costa, José Adolfo H M Bittencourt, Carlos H T P da Silva, Franco H A Leite, Cleydson B R Santos
The Protein Kinase Receptor type 2 (RIPK2) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases; it signals downstream of the NOD1 and NOD2 intracellular sensors and promotes a productive inflammatory response. However, excessive NOD2 signaling has been associated with various diseases, including sarcoidosis and inflammatory arthritis; the pharmacological inhibition of RIPK2 is an affinity strategy that demonstrates an increased expression of pro-inflammatory secretion activity. In this study, a pharmacophoric model based on the crystallographic pose of ponatinib, a potent RIPK2 inhibitor, and 30 other ones selected from the BindingDB repository database, was built...
February 18, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Fabiane Sônego, Fernanda V S Castanheira, Catarina V Horta, Alexandre Kanashiro, Paula G Czaikoski, Dario S Zamboni, José Carlos Alves-Filho, Fernando Q Cunha
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: The objective of this study was to investigate the role of Nod1 in the recruitment of neutrophils into the infection site and in the establishment of the inflammatory response elicited by a clinical isolate strain of P. aeruginosa in vivo, while comparing it to the well-established role of MyD88 in this process. SUBJECTS: Wild-type, Nod1 -/- and MyD88 -/- mice, all with a C57Bl/6 background. METHODS: Mice were intranasally infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa DZ605...
February 15, 2018: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
Jinxiang Liu, Dandan Cao, Yuezhong Liu, Zan Li, Yu Si, Zhigang Wang, Quanqi Zhang, Haiyang Yu, Xubo Wang
Being a key adaptor protein in NOD1/2 and NF-κB signaling pathways, receptor-interacting serine/threonine kinase 2 (RIP2) plays an important role in innate immune response in vertebrates. In this study, we identified and characterized the Paralichthys olivaceus RIP2 gene (PoRIP2). Phylogenetic, alignment, and genomic analysis of PoRIP2 were conducted to determine its conservation and evolutionary relationship with other RIP2 in vertebrates. qRT-PCR results showed that the expression of PoRIP2 was high in the spleen and head kidney...
February 9, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Yulin Bi, Lu Xu, Lingling Qiu, Shasha Wang, Xiangping Liu, Yani Zhang, Yang Chen, Yang Zhang, Qi Xu, Guobin Chang, Guohong Chen
Chicken reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV) causes the atrophy of immune organs and immuno-suppression. The pathogenic mechanisms of REV are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to use RNA sequencing to analyse the effect of REV on immunity and cell proliferation in chicken lymphocytes from peripheral blood in vitro . Overall, 2977 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were examined from cells between infected with REV or no; 56 DEGs related to cell proliferation and 130 DEGs related to immunity were identified...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Le Son Tran, Darren Tran, Amanda De Paoli, Kimberley D'Costa, Sarah J Creed, Garrett Z Ng, Lena Le, Philip Sutton, J Silke, U Nachbur, Richard L Ferrero
Helicobacter pylori causes chronic inflammation which is a key precursor to gastric carcinogenesis. It has been suggested that H. pylori may limit this immunopathology by inducing the production of IL-33 in gastric epithelial cells, thus promoting T helper 2 immune responses. The molecular mechanism underlying IL-33 production in response to H. pylori infection, however, remains unknown. In the current study, we demonstrate that H. pylori activates signalling via the pathogen recognition molecule NOD1 and its adaptor protein RIPK2, to promote production of both full-length and processed IL-33 in gastric epithelial cells...
February 2, 2018: Cellular Microbiology
Sangyeop Shin, D C M Kulatunga, S H S Dananjaya, Chamilani Nikapitiya, Jehee Lee, Mahanama De Zoysa
Saprolegniasis is one of the most devastating oomycete diseases in freshwater fish which is caused by species in the genus Saprolegnia including Saprolegnia parasitica. In this study, we isolated the strain of S. parasitica from diseased rainbow trout in Korea. Morphological and molecular based identification confirmed that isolated oomycete belongs to the member of S. parasitica, supported by its typical features including cotton-like mycelium, zoospores and phylogenetic analysis with internal transcribed spacer region...
December 2017: Mycobiology
Silvia Gonzalez-Ramos, Marta Paz-García, César-Eduardo Rosales-Mendoza, Paloma Martín-Sanz, Lisardo Boscá
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Atherosclerosis
Xiaoming Wen, Purong Zheng, Yao Ma, Yingye Ou, Weixin Huang, Shuo Li, Shoujia Liu, Xuan Zhang, Ziyu Wang, Qianli Zhang, Wenming Cheng, Ruwen Lin, Hongzu Li, Youyou Cai, Chunyun Hu, Ningbin Wu, Long Wan, Tingting Pan, Jinlong Yao, Xuelu Bei, Wei-Bin Wu, Jian Jin, Jie Yan, Gang Liu
Salutaxel (3) is a conjugate of docetaxel (7) and a muramyl dipeptide (MDP) analogue. Docetaxel (7) has been recognized as a highly active chemotherapeutic agent against various cancers. MDP and its ana-logues are powerful potentiators of the anti-tumor actions of various tumor-necrotizing agents. This arti-cle documents the discovery of compound 3 and presents pharmacological proof of its biological func-tion in tumor-bearing mice. Drug candidate 3 was superior to compound 7 in its ability to prevent tumor growth and metastasis...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Saurabh Dixit, Rajnish Sahu, Richa Verma, Skyla Duncan, Guillermo H Giambartolomei, Shree R Singh, Vida A Dennis
We previously developed a Chlamydia trachomatis nanovaccine (PPM) by encapsulating a chlamydial M278 peptide within poly(lactic acid)-poly(ethylene glycol) biodegradable nanoparticles that immunopotentiated Chlamydia-specific immune effector responses in mice. Herein, we investigated the mechanistic interactions of PPM with mouse bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (DCs) for its uptake, trafficking, and T cell activation. Our results reveal that PPM triggered enhanced expression of effector cytokines and chemokines, surface activation markers (Cd1d2, Fcgr1), pathogen-sensing receptors (TLR2, Nod1), co-stimulatory (CD40, CD80, CD86) and MHC class I and II molecules...
December 26, 2017: Biomaterials
Sietske Kooijman, Jolanda Brummelman, Cécile A C M van Els, Fabio Marino, Albert J R Heck, Geert P M Mommen, Bernard Metz, Gideon F A Kersten, Jeroen L A Pennings, Hugo D Meiring
Aluminum-based adjuvants are the most widely used adjuvants in human vaccines. A comprehensive understanding of the mechanism of action of aluminum adjuvants at the molecular level, however, is still elusive. Here, we unravel the effects of aluminum hydroxide Al(OH)3 by a systems-wide analysis of the Al(OH)3-induced monocyte response. Cell response analysis by cytokine release was combined with (targeted) transcriptome and full proteome analysis. Results from this comprehensive study revealed two novel pathways to become activated upon monocyte stimulation with Al(OH)3: the first pathway was IFNβ signaling possibly induced by DAMP sensing pathways like TLR or NOD1 activation, and second the HLA class I antigen processing and presentation pathway...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
Shan Xu, Shuqing Wei, Yu Guo, Donglai Cui, Jinfeng Yao
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to observe the role of nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptors (NLR) in intestinal injury of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) in rats. METHODS: Severe acute pancreatitis was induced by retrograde infusion of sodium taurocholate into the biliopancreatic duct. Rats were divided into the following 6 groups: sham operation, SAP treated with saline, and SAP treated with interleukin 1β (IL-1β)-converting enzyme inhibitor, killed at 6 or 12 hours after operation...
February 2018: Pancreas
Feng-Ying Gao, Ji-Cai Pang, Mai-Xin Lu, Xian-le Yang, Hua-Ping Zhu, Xiao-Li Ke, Zhi-Gang Liu, Jian-Meng Cao, Miao Wang
The nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain proteins NOD1, NOD2 and NLRC3 are cytoplasmic pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) of the Nod-like receptor (NLR) family. In the present study, the Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) NOD1 (ntNOD1), NOD2 (ntNOD2) and NLRC3 (ntNLRC3) genes were cloned and characterized. The full-length ntNOD1, ntNOD2 and ntNLRC3 genes were 3924, 3886 and 4574 bp, encoding 941, 986 and 1130 amino acids, respectively. The three Nod-like receptors have a NACHT domain and a C-terminal leucine-rich repeat (LRR) domain...
February 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Sandeep D Kale, Neha Dikshit, Pankaj Kumar, Vanniarajan Balamuralidhar, Hanif Javanmard Khameneh, Najib Bin Abdul Malik, Tse Hsien Koh, Gladys Gek Yen Tan, Thuan Tong Tan, Alessandra Mortellaro, Bindu Sukumaran
Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) is a significant cause of severe nosocomial pneumonia in immunocompromised individuals world-wide. With limited treatment options available, a better understanding of host immnity to A. baumannii infection is critical to devise alternative control strategies. Our previous study has identified that intracellular Nod1/Nod2 signaling pathway is required for the immune control of A. baumannii in airway epithelial cells in vitro. In the current study, using Nod2-/- mice and an in vivo sublethal model of pulmonary infection, we show that Nod2 contributes to the early lung defense against A...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
Gwenn Ratet, Ignacio Santecchia, Martine Fanton d'Andon, Frédérique Vernel-Pauillac, Richard Wheeler, Pascal Lenormand, Frédéric Fischer, Pierre Lechat, David A Haake, Mathieu Picardeau, Ivo G Boneca, Catherine Werts
Leptospirosis is a widespread zoonosis, potentially severe in humans, caused by spirochetal bacteria, Leptospira interrogans (L. interrogans). Host defense mechanisms involved in leptospirosis are poorly understood. Recognition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and lipoproteins by Toll-Like Receptors (TLR)4 and TLR2 is crucial for clearance of leptospires in mice, yet the role of Nucleotide Oligomerization Domain (NOD)-like receptors (NOD)1 and NOD2, recognizing peptidoglycan (PG) fragments has not previously been examined...
December 2017: PLoS Pathogens
Mikhail V Pashenkov, Yulia A Dagil, Boris V Pinegin
Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD) 1 and NOD2 are pattern-recognition receptors responsible for sensing fragments of bacterial peptidoglycan known as muropeptides. Stimulation of innate immunity by systemic or local administration of NOD1 and NOD2 agonists is an attractive means to prevent and treat infectious diseases. In this review, we discuss novel data concerning structural features of selective and non-selective (dual) NOD1 and NOD2 agonists, main signaling pathways and biological effects induced by NOD1 and NOD2 stimulation, including induction of pro-inflammatory cytokines, type I interferons and antimicrobial peptides, induction of autophagy, alterations of metabolism...
January 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Yu He, Anqi Wang, Shun Chen, Zhen Wu, Jinyue Zhang, Mingshu Wang, Renyong Jia, Dekang Zhu, Mafeng Liu, Qiao Yang, Ying Wu, Kunfeng Sun, Xiaoyue Chen, Anchun Cheng
Flaviviruses pose a significant threat to public health worldwide. Recently, a novel flavivirus, duck Tembusu virus (TMUV), was identified as the causative agent of a serious duck viral disease in Asia. Its rapid spread and expanded host range have raised substantial concerns regarding its potential threat to non-avian hosts, including humans. However, the specific molecular host responses to this virus are poorly understood. In this study, we used the RNA-sequencing technique to analyse the differential gene expression in the spleens of infected goslings 5days post-infection...
December 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
Natsu Yamaguchi, Yoshimi Suzuki, M H Mahbub, Hidekazu Takahashi, Ryosuke Hase, Yasutaka Ishimaru, Hiroshi Sunagawa, Rie Watanabe, Yoshinobu Eishi, Tsuyoshi Tanabe
Innate immune factors exert widespread effects on cytokine secretion, cell survival, autophagy, and apoptosis. Nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain-like receptors (NLRs) are members of the innate immune system in the cytosol that sense pathogens, endogenous danger molecules such as uric acid, and pollutants. Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 1 and 2 (NOD1 and NOD2) are components of NLR family, and ligands of these factors are γ-D-glutamyl-meso-diaminopimelic acid (iE-DAP) and muramyl dipeptide (MDP), respectively...
October 11, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
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