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heart failure classification

Daniele Masarone, Juan Pablo Kaski, Giuseppe Pacileo, Perry M Elliott, Eduardo Bossone, Sharlene M Day, Giuseppe Limongelli
Cardiomyopathies (CMPs) are an increasingly recognized cause of heart failure and sudden death, particularly in young patients. Since their original description, major advances were achieved in the phenotype knowledge, natural history, and nosography of CMPs leading to different classification systems and therapies. However, a deeper knowledge of different causes, genotype-phenotype link, and natural history in different disease stages (preclinical, overt disease, and end-stage disease) according to a recognized standard of care (ie, international guidelines) is needed...
April 2018: Heart Failure Clinics
P A MacIntyre, M Scott, R Seigne, A Clark, F Deveer, I Minchin
This prospective multicentre observational study investigated the risk of non-cardiac surgery in patients with moderate or severe aortic stenosis (AS). Patients with AS undergoing non-cardiac surgery in five New Zealand hospitals between August 2011 and September 2015 were studied. Preoperative variables were analysed for a significant association with postoperative major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and 30-day mortality. Of the 147 patients recruited, 13 (9%) died within 30 days and 33 (22%) had a MACE. Using univariate analysis, patients with severe AS had four times higher 30-day mortality than patients with moderate AS (16% versus 4%, <i>P</i>=0...
March 2018: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Alexander Fisher, Leon Fisher, Wichat Srikusalanukul, Paul N Smith
Aim: To develop a practical model for classification bone turnover status and evaluate its clinical usefulness. Methods: Our classification of bone turnover status is based on internationally recommended biomarkers of both bone formation (N-terminal propeptide of type1 procollagen, P1NP) and bone resorption (beta C-terminal cross-linked telopeptide of type I collagen, bCTX), using the cutoffs proposed as therapeutic targets. The relationships between turnover subtypes and clinical characteristic were assessed in1223 hospitalised orthogeriatric patients (846 women, 377 men; mean age 78...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
Rodrigo S Barbosa, Leon Glass, Riccardo Proietti, Barry Burstein, Ahmed Al-Turki, Lyndon Sobolik, Zhubo Zhang, Guillaume Viart, Michelle Samuel, Alvin Shrier, Vidal Essebag
Arrhythmia onset pattern may have important implications on morbidity, recurrent implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) shocks, and mortality, given the proposed correlation between initiation pattern and arrhythmia mechanism. Therefore, we developed and tested a computer-based algorithm to differentiate the pattern of initiation based on the beat-to-beat intervals of the ventricular tachycardia (VT) episodes in ICD recordings from the Resynchronization-Defibrillation for Ambulatory Heart Failure Trial (RAFT)...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Electrocardiology
S Coiro, E Carluccio, P Biagioli, G Alunni, A Murrone, A D'Antonio, C Zuchi, A Mengoni, N Girerd, C Borghi, G Ambrosio
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Elevated serum uric acid (sUA) concentrations have been associated with worse prognosis in heart failure (HF) but little is known about elderly patients. We aimed to assess long-term additive prognostic value of sUA in elderly patients hospitalized for HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Clinical and echocardiographic characteristics of 310 consecutive elderly patients hospitalized for HF were collected. During index period, 206 had sUA concentrations available, which were obtained within 24 h prior to discharge; 10 patients were lost to follow-up, leaving 196 patients available...
January 10, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Theodora S Brisimi, Ruidi Chen, Theofanie Mela, Alex Olshevsky, Ioannis Ch Paschalidis, Wei Shi
BACKGROUND: In an era of "big data," computationally efficient and privacy-aware solutions for large-scale machine learning problems become crucial, especially in the healthcare domain, where large amounts of data are stored in different locations and owned by different entities. Past research has been focused on centralized algorithms, which assume the existence of a central data repository (database) which stores and can process the data from all participants. Such an architecture, however, can be impractical when data are not centrally located, it does not scale well to very large datasets, and introduces single-point of failure risks which could compromise the integrity and privacy of the data...
April 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Wolfram J Herrmann, Cornelia Weikert, Manuela Bergmann, Heiner Boeing, Verena A Katzke, Rudolf Kaaks, Daniel Tiller, Karin Halina Greiser, Margit Heier, Christa Meisinger, Carsten Oliver Schmidt, Hannelore Neuhauser, Christin Heidemann, Claus Jünger, Philipp S Wild, Sara Helena Schramm, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Marcus Dörr, Tobias Pischon
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular and metabolic diseases are a major cause of mortality and loss of quality of life in Germany. Research into risk factors of these diseases requires large population-based cohort studies. Complete and accurate assessment of the incidence of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases is a key element for valid interpretation of the results from such studies. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to identify population-based cohort studies with incidence of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in Germany and to summarize their methods for assessment and classification of disease endpoints, including myocardial infarction, type 2 diabetes, stroke, heart failure, and arterial hypertension...
February 27, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Hong Li, Yi-Dan Li, Wei-Wei Zhu, Ling-Yun Kong, Xiao-Guang Ye, Qi-Zhe Cai, Lan-Lan Sun, Xiu-Zhang Lu
Ultrasound lung comets (ULCs) are a nonionizing bedside approach to assess extravascular lung water. We evaluated a protocol for grading ULC score to estimate pulmonary congestion in heart failure patients and investigated clinical and echocardiographic correlates of the ULC score. Ninety-three patients with congestive heart failure, admitted to the emergency department, underwent pulmonary ultrasound and echocardiography. A ULC score was obtained by summing the ULC scores of 7 zones of anterolateral chest scans...
2018: BioMed Research International
Shunsuke Kiuchi, Shinji Hisatake, Takayuki Kabuki, Takahiro Fujii, Takashi Oka, Shintaro Dobashi, Hidenobu Hashimoto, Takanori Ikeda
Ipragliflozin is the first SGLT2 inhibitor approved in Japan. Reported here is a case where long-term administration of ipragliflozin decreased the rate of re-hospitalization due to heart failure (HF). An 83-year-old man with chronic HF and diabetes mellitus (DM) was hospitalized four times in the last five years. He was discharged six months after his last hospitalization, but he continued to have class III HF according to the New York Heart Association classification (NYHA), and his DM was also not properly managed...
February 25, 2018: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
Andrew Xanthopoulos, Filippos Triposkiadis, Randall C Starling
Heart failure (HF) is classified based upon the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a heterogeneous disorder with increasing prevalence in the elderly that remains incompletely understood and inadequately treated as no therapy has shown favorable effects. In this review, we summarize the current theories regarding HFpEF pathogenesis, propose a phenotype-based classification of HFpEF, discuss prevention strategies, explain why clinical trials on HFpEF treatment have failed, and make suggestions for the future...
January 9, 2018: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
Fengwen Yang, Jiahan Zou, Long Ge, Jinhui Tian, Myeong Soo Lee, Ji Hee Jun, Junhua Zhang
BACKGROUND: Chinese herbal injections (CHIs) are commonly used for the treatment of heart failure in China. Due to the variety of CHIs used in clinic, selecting a suitable CHI for patients with heart failure is vital. This study aims to assess and compare the effect of different CHIs for heart failure using network meta-analysis (NMA). METHODS: Six electronic databases, including PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database will be search from inception to January 2018...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yuanping Wang, Xiaohui Li, Ziqing Li, Yu Zhang, Dawei Wang
BACKGROUND: Chronic heart AQ4 failure (CHF) is the final stage of various heart diseases. YiQiFuMai injection (YQFMI) has been widely applied in the treatment of CHF. However, to our knowledge, there has been no systematic review or meta-analysis of randomized controlled trails (RCTs) regarding the effectiveness of this treatment. Here, we provide a protocol to evaluate the efficacy and safety of YQFMI for CHF. METHODS: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of YQFMI in treating CHF, 2 researcher members will independently search the RCTs in the following 8 Chinese and English databases, in which the data collection will be from the time when the respective databases were established to January 2018...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Pieter Martens, Hanne Beliën, Matthias Dupont, Wilfried Mullens
BACKGROUND: Sacubitril/valsartan significantly reduced heart failure hospitalization and mortality in PARADIGM-HF (Prospective Comparison of Angiotensin Receptor-Neprilysin Inhibitor With an Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor to Determine Impact on Global Mortality and Morbidity in Heart Failure). However, real-world data from its use are lacking. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively assessed all baseline and follow-up data of consecutive heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction receiving therapy with sacubitril/valsartan for Class I recommendation between December 2016 and July 2017...
February 21, 2018: ESC Heart Failure
Zhi Yang, Runxiang Yang, Min Ji Kwak, Aiham Qdaisat, Junzhong Lin, Charles E Begley, Cielito C Reyes-Gibby, Sai-Ching Jim Yeung
BACKGROUND: Although cancer patients (CPs) are increasingly likely to visit emergency department (ED), no population-based study has compared the characteristics of CPs and non-cancer patients (NCPs) who visit the ED and examined factors associated with hospitalization via the ED. In this study, we (1) compared characteristics and diagnoses between CPs and NCPs who visited the ED in a cancer center or general hospital; (2) compared characteristics and diagnoses between CPs and NCPs who were hospitalized via the ED in a cancer center or general hospital; and (3) investigated important factors associated with such hospitalization...
2018: PloS One
Yu Horiuchi, Jiro Aoki, Kengo Tanabe, Koichi Nakao, Yukio Ozaki, Kazuo Kimura, Junya Ako, Satoshi Yasuda, Teruo Noguchi, Satoru Suwa, Kazuteru Fujimoto, Yasuharu Nakama, Takashi Morita, Wataru Shimizu, Yoshihiko Saito, Atsushi Hirohata, Yasuhiro Morita, Teruo Inoue, Atsunori Okamura, Masaaki Uematsu, Kazuhito Hirata, Yoshisato Shibata, Michikazu Nakai, Kunihiro Nishimura, Yoshihiro Miyamoto, Masaharu Ishihara
High levels of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) have been demonstrated to significantly predict poor prognosis in patients with acute decompensated heart failure. However, this relationship has not been fully investigated in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We investigated whether a high level of BUN is a significant predictor for in-hospital mortality and other clinical outcomes in patients with AMI. The Japanese registry of acute Myocardial INfarction diagnosed by Universal dEfiniTion (J-MINUET) is a prospective, observational, multicenter study conducted in 28 institutions, in which 3,283 consecutive AMI patients were enrolled...
February 20, 2018: International Heart Journal
Donato Mele, Giovanni Andrea Luisi, Marianna Nardozza, Roberto Ferrari
The latest guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology have proposed a classification of heart failure based on left ventricular ejection fraction. Three distinct groups have been identified: heart failure with ejection fraction ≥50%, between 40 and 49%, and <40%. This classification has the advantage to be simple but it has been criticized because it is not clear whether the mid-range ejection fraction group is an independent category or just a transition phase between the other two groups. The purpose of this article is to discuss the characteristics and prognosis of mid-range ejection fraction heart failure on the basis of current evidence...
January 2018: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Bing Tang, Yunhu Song, Hao Cui, Keshan Ji, Qinjun Yu, Changsheng Zhu, Shihua Zhao, Shuiyun Wang
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the impact of morphological type on the prognosis of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients who underwent myectomy. METHODS: We recruited 469 obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients refractory to medicinal treatment who have undergone surgical myectomy at a nationwide referral centre. All patients were divided into 3 groups based on the morphological classification of left ventricular hypertrophy and were followed up by telephone every year...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Lucinda J Graven, Melinda K Higgins, Carolyn M Reilly, Sandra B Dunbar
Heart failure (HF) symptoms are known to influence depressive symptoms, yet a symptom profile has not been identified. HF symptoms relative to symptom experience (frequency, severity, interference with physical activity and enjoyment of life) associated with depressive symptoms were examined. Data from three HF studies ( N = 308) which used the Heart Failure Symptom Survey were included in this cross-sectional secondary analysis. Supervised classification for and identification of symptoms most associated with depressive symptoms were accomplished using random forest algorithms via conditional inference trees...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Joanne Reid, Helen R Noble, Gary Adamson, Andrew Davenport, Ken Farrington, Denis Fouque, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, John Mallett, C McKeaveney, S Porter, David S Seres, Joanne Shields, Adrian Slee, Miles D Witham, Alexander P Maxwell
BACKGROUND: Surveys using traditional measures of nutritional status indicate that muscle wasting is common among persons with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Up to 75% of adults undergoing maintenance dialysis show some evidence of muscle wasting. ESKD is associated with an increase in inflammatory cytokines and can result in cachexia, with the loss of muscle and fat stores. At present, only limited data are available on the classification of wasting experienced by persons with ESKD...
February 13, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Stephan N Salzmann, Peter B Derman, Lukas P Lampe, Janina Kueper, Ting Jung Pan, Jingyan Yang, Jennifer Shue, Federico P Girardi, Stephen Lyman, Alexander P Hughes
BACKGROUND: The rate of cervical spinal fusion has been increasing significantly. However, there is paucity of literature describing trends based on surgical approach using complete population databases. We investigated the approach-based trends in epidemiology, indications and in-hospital outcomes of cervical spinal fusion. METHODS: New York's Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System database was queried to identify patients who underwent primary subaxial cervical fusion from 1997-2012...
February 10, 2018: World Neurosurgery
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